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seasonal variation of leaf dust accumulation and pigment content in plant species exposed to urban particulates pollution.to assess the dust interception efficiency of some selected tree species and impact of dust deposition on chlorophyll and ascorbic acid content of leaves the present study was undertaken. the plant species selected for the study were ficus religiosa, ficus benghalensis, mangifera indica, dalbergia sissoo, psidium guajava, and dendrocalamus strictus. it was found that all species have maximum dust deposition in the winter season followed by summer and rainy seasons. chlorophyll content decreased ...200818453408
partial purification of tumour reducing principle from helicanthis elasticus (fam. loranthaceae).extracts from plants of loranthaceae family collected from 15 host trees were screened for their cytocidal activity to tumour cells. biologically active extracts prepared from helicanthis elasticus grown on mangifera indica and citrus maxima (host trees) were partially purified by the gel filtration method. the purified material was found to be cytotoxic in vitro and reduced solid and ascites tumours in mice when given either simultaneously or prophylactically. the partially purified material wa ...19948019988
composition by lc-ms/ms of new carotenoid esters in mango and citrus.interest in the composition of carotenoid esters of fruits is growing because esterification may affect their bioavailability. thus, the aim was to provide a detailed identification of carotenoid esters in citrus and mango. orange cv. 'valencia' and cv. 'pera' presented 9 free carotenoids, 38 monoesters, and 60 diesters. violaxanthin and luteoxanthin derivatives were the major ones, followed by antheraxanthin, lutein, zeaxanthin, β-cryptoxanthin, and zeinoxanthin esters, many of them reported fo ...201627712060
three new species of reared parasitic wasps (hymenoptera: braconidae: microgastrinae) from india.three new species of parasitic wasps (braconidae: microgastrinae) from southern india are described and illustrated. glyptapanteles clanisae sp. nov., a remarkable gregarious endoparasitoid, was bred from the caterpillar of clanis phalaris cramer (lepidoptera: sphingidae) on the host plant pongamia pinnata (l.) (leguminosae) along with a hyperparasitoid, eurytoma sp. (eurytomidae). glyptapanteles trilochae sp. nov., was reared from parasitized caterpillar of trilocha varians (walker) (lepidopter ...201326191590
a phylogenetic re-evaluation of phyllosticta (botryosphaeriales).phyllosticta is a geographically widespread genus of plant pathogenic fungi with a diverse host range. this study redefines phyllosticta, and shows that it clusters sister to the botryosphaeriaceae (botryosphaeriales, dothideomycetes), for which the older family name phyllostictaceae is resurrected. in moving to a unit nomenclature for fungi, the generic name phyllosticta was chosen over guignardia in previous studies, an approach that we support here. we use a multigene dna dataset of the its, ...201324302788
some analytical assays for the determination of bioactivity of exotic fruits.the consumption of new exotic fruits, with their high nutritional and sensory value, has significantly increased in the past few years. among the tropical fruits durian (durio zibethinus murr.) is less known than mango (mangifera indica l.) and avocado (persea americana). it has been shown that durian, mango and avocado possessed high nutritional and bioactive properties, but these data were determined using different methods. in order to obtain reliable results we investigated samples of durian ...201220183860
transient thermal dissipation method of xylem sap flow measurement: multi-species calibration and field evaluation.the transient thermal dissipation (ttd) method developed by do and rocheteau (2002b) is a close evolution of the original constant thermal dissipation (ctd) method of granier (1985). the ttd method has the advantage of limiting the influence of passive natural temperature gradients and of yielding more stable zero-flux references at night. by analogy with the ctd method, the transient method was first calibrated on synthetic porous material (sawdust) on the assumption that the relationship was i ...201019864260
population structure and cryptic genetic variation in the mango fruit fly, ceratitis cosyra (diptera, tephritidae).the fruit fly ceratitis cosyra is an important agricultural pest negatively affecting the mango crop production throughout africa and also feeding on a variety of other wild and cultivated hosts. the occurrence of deeply divergent haplotypes, as well as extensive morphological variability, previously suggested possible cryptic speciation within ceratitis cosyra. here we provide the first large-scale characterisation of the population structure of ceratitis cosyra with the main objective of verif ...201526798276
niche partitioning among two ceratitis rosa morphotypes and other ceratitis pest species (diptera, tephritidae) along an altitudinal transect in central tanzania.two standard parapheromones, trimedlure (routinely used for monitoring ceratitis rosa and ceratitis capitata) and terpinyl acetate (routinely used for monitoring ceratitis cosyra) were compared with enriched ginger root oil (ego) lure for detecting and monitoring the presence and relative population abundance of these particular pest species. standard yellow fruit fly traps were used for the comparison, which was conducted at 10 sites along an altitudinal transect ranging from 540 to 1650 masl o ...201526798271
evaluation of the nutritional characteristics of a finger millet based complementary food.finger millet (eleusine coracana), kidney beans (phaseolus vulgaris), peanuts (arachis hypogoea), and mango (mangifera indica) were processed separately and then combined, on the basis of their amino acid scores and energy content, into a complementary food for children of weaning age. the finger millet and kidney beans were processed by germination, autoclaving, and lactic acid fermentation. a mixture containing, on a dry matter basis, 65.2, 19.1, 8.0, and 7.7% of the processed finger millet, k ...200211982437
seasonal abundance of mango fruit flies (diptera: tephritidae) and ecological implications for their management in mango and cashew orchards in benin (centre & north).we report the results of a large-scale (six orchards) and long-term (5-yr) study on seasonal population fluctuations of fruit flies (diptera tephritidae) in mango (2005-2009) and cashew (2007-2009) orchards in the borgou department, benin.during the five consecutive years of mango fruit fly monitoring, 25 tephritid species were captured including three species of bactrocera, 11 of ceratitis, and 11 of dacus, which is represented by 2,138,150 specimens in mango orchards. we observed significant d ...201526453710
effect of high hydrostatic pressure on the physiology of manila mango.manila mangoes (mangifera indica l.) have sensory characteristics that make them attractive for consumption as a fresh fruit. a large portion of the annual yield of this fruit is infested by the mexican fruit fly (anastrepha ludens), adversely impacting the quality of the crop. hence, it is necessary to develop economically viable postharvest treatments to reduce the damage caused by this insect. currently, high hydrostatic pressures are used to guarantee the safety of many processed foods. the ...201323504511
the dust retention capacities of urban vegetation-a case study of guangzhou, south china.urban vegetation increasingly plays an important role in the improvement of the urban atmospheric environment. this paper deals with the dust retention capacities of four urban tree species (ficus virens var. sublanceolata, ficus microcarpa, bauhinia blakeana, and mangifera indica linn) in guangzhou. the dust-retaining capacities of four tree species are studied under different pollution intensities and for different seasons. remote sensing imagery was used to estimate the total aboveground urba ...201323608974
understanding long-term fruit fly (diptera: tephritidae) population dynamics: implications for areawide management.fruit flies (diptera: tephritidae) are devastating agricultural pests worldwide but studies on their long-term population dynamics are sparse. our aim was to determine the mechanisms driving long-term population dynamics as a prerequisite for ecologically based areawide pest management. the population density of three pestiferous anastrepha species [anastrepha ludens (loew), anastrepha obliqua (macquart), and anastrepha serpentina (wiedemann)] was determined in grapefruit (citrus x paradisi macf ...201222812118
effect of dietary ethanol extracts of mango (mangifera indica l.) on lipid oxidation and the color of chicken meat during frozen storage.the aim of this study was to evaluate the dietary effect of mango extracts on lipid stability and the coloring of broiler chicken breast meat during frozen storage. the treatments consisted of broiler chicken diet without antioxidants (control) and diets containing antioxidants: 200 ppm of butylated hydroxytoluene (bht), 200 ppm of mango peel extract (mpe), 400 ppm of mpe, 200 ppm of mango seed extract (mse), and 400 ppm of mse. the broiler breasts were stored for 90 days and analysis of lipid o ...201526475070
determination of the host status of the 'persian' lime (citrus latifolia tanaka) for anastrepha ludens (loew) (diptera: tephritidae).field and laboratory no-choice oviposition tests were performed to determine whether the 'persian' lime (citrus latifolia tanaka) is a host of anastrepha ludens loew (diptera: tephritidae). trapping and fruit sampling were performed to determine adult population densities and the level of infestation in the two lime orchards. additionally, unharvested and harvested limes were exposed to sexually mature flies and the number of eggs laid and the immature developmental rates were determined. as a c ...201526470106
novel weight-reducing activity of galega officinalis in mice.galega officinalis (galega, goat's rue, french lilac) is well known for its hypoglycaemic action and has been used as part of a plant mixture in the treatment of diabetes mellitus. during pharmacological investigations of an ethanolic extract of a powdered mixture of equal proportions of g. officinalis, cressa cretica, mangifera indica and syzygium jambolanum, a weight reducing effect of galega was discovered. in this study we have investigated the novel weight reducing effect of galega in mice. ...199910632090
natural enemies of the frankliniella complex species (thysanoptera: thripidae) in ataulfo mango agroecosystems.a field survey was conducted in ataulfo mango (mangifera indica l.) orchards in chiapas, mexico, with the objective of determining the natural enemies of the frankliniella complex species (thysanoptera: thripidae). seven species of this genus feed and reproduce in large numbers during the mango flowering. two representative orchards were selected: the orchard "tres a" characterized by an intensive use of agrochemicals directed against thrips, and the orchard "la escondida" that did not spray ins ...201526246440
effect of guar and xanthan gums on functional properties of mango (mangifera indica) kernel starch.the effects of different concentrations of guar and xanthan gums on functional properties of mango kernel starch (mks) were studied. both guar and xanthan gum enhanced the water absorption of mks. the addition of xanthan gum appeared to reduce the sp (swelling power) and solubility at higher temperatures while guar gum significantly enhanced the sp as well as solubility of mks. the addition of both gums produced a reinforcing effect on peak viscosity of mks as compared to control. pasting temper ...201627608547
high-quality complete genome sequence of microbacterium sp. subg005, a plant pathogen.microbacterium sp. subg005 is a gram positive bacterium, isolated from infected leaf of mangifera indica l. in rajkot (22.30°n, 70.78°e), gujarat, india. the genome sequencing of microbacterium sp. subg005 is having type i secretion system genes of pathogenicity as well as heavy metal resistance unique genes. the genome size is 7.01 mb with g + c content of 64.80% and contains rrna sequences. genome sequencing analysis provides information about the microbe role in host-pathogen interaction. the ...201526484276
mangifera indica l. extract (vimang) inhibits 2-deoxyribose damage induced by fe (iii) plus ascorbate.vimang is an aqueous extract of selected species of mangifera indica l, used in cuba as a nutritional antioxidant supplement. many in vitro and in vivo models of oxidative stress have been used to elucidate the antioxidant mechanisms of this extract. to further characterize the mechanism of vimang action, its effect on the degradation of 2-deoxyribose induced by fe (iii)-edta plus ascorbate or plus hypoxanthine/xanthine oxidase was studied. vimang was shown to be a potent inhibitor of 2-deoxyrib ...200616444664
field evaluation of potential fruit-derived lures for anastrepha obliqua (diptera: tephritidae).previous studies have shown that a nine-component blend (ethyl butyrate, isopropyl butyrate, hexan-1-ol, propyl butyrate, isobutyl butyrate, ethyl hexanoate, isopentyl butyrate, ethyl benzoate, and ethyl octanoate) isolated from spondias mombin l. (anacardiaceae) fruit are attractive to both sexes of west indian fruit fly, anastrepha obliqua (macquart) (diptera: tephritidae), in laboratory and field cage tests. in this study, we evaluated the effectiveness of traps baited with the nine-component ...200920069833
effectiveness of spinosad bait sprays (gf-120) in controlling mango-infesting fruit flies (diptera: tephritidae) in benin.effectiveness of gf-120 (dow chemical) fruit fly bait containing the insecticide spinosad in controlling mango-infesting fruit flies (diptera: tephritidae) was assessed by comparing treated orchards with untreated orchards. twelve mango, mangifera indica l., plantations located in six villages (two similar orchards per village: one orchard treated and orchard untreated) scattered in the borgou department (northern benin) were monitored weekly with fly traps, and the fruit was sampled twice for l ...200919449630
control of browning of minimally processed mangoes subjected to ultraviolet radiation pulses.the pulsed ultraviolet radiation (uvp) has been used as an alternative strategy for the control of microorganisms in food. however, its application causes the browning of minimally processed fruits and vegetables. in order to control the browning of the 'tommy atkins' minimally processed mango and treated with uvp (5.7 j cm(-2)) it was used 1-methylcyclopropene (1-mcp) (0.5 μl l(-1)), an ethylene action blocker in separate stages, comprising five treatments: control, uvp (u), 1-mcp + uvp (m + u) ...028242923
isolation and identification of host cues from mango, mangifera indica, that attract gravid female oriental fruit fly, bactrocera dorsalis.the oriental fruit fly, bactrocera dorsalis, is an economically damaging, polyphagous pest of fruit crops in south-east asia and hawaii, and a quarantine pest in other parts of the world. the objective of our study was to identify new attractants for b. dorsalis from overripe mango fruits. headspace samples of volatiles were collected from two cultivars of mango, 'alphonso' and 'chausa', and a strong positive behavioral response was observed when female b. dorsalis were exposed to these volatile ...201222438014
effect of rootstock on mango fruit susceptibility to infestation by anastrepha obliqua.the effect of the use of rootstock criollo on the susceptibility of manila mango fruit to infestation by anastrepha obliqua (macquart) was determined in the present investigation. growth, quality parameters (soluble solids content (%), citric acid content (%), firmness, monoterpene volatiles (3-carene, limonene, alpha-pinene, and beta-myrcene), main flavonoids content (milligrams/100 g fresh pulp), and larvicidal activity of methanolic extracts, as well as the degree of infestation during prehar ...201122299362
mangiferin - a bioactive xanthonoid, not only from mango and not just antioxidant.mangiferin is a plant natural polyphenol of c-glycosylxanthone structure and various pharmacological activities. it can be found in many plant species, among which the mango tree (mangifera indica) is one of the primary sources. mangiferin is also present in some medicinal herbs, influencing their therapeutic and preventive properties, and in honeybush (cyclopia sp.), a popular south african herbal tea. mangiferin dissolves well in water, so it can be easily extracted into infusions and decoctio ...201323190031
electroantennographic and coupled gas chromatographic-electroantennographic responses of the mediterranean fruit fly,ceratitis capitata, to male-produced volatiles and mango odor.we have identified five compounds from the headspace of calling male mediterranean fruit flies (medfly),ceratitis capitata (wiedemann), and three compounds from the headspace of ripe mango (mangifera indica l). using coupled gas chromatographic-electroantennographic (gc-eag) recordings, coupled gas chromatographic-mass spectrometric (gc-ms) analysis, and electroantennographic (eag) assays of standards. the male-produced volatiles eliciting responses from female antennae were ethyl-(e)-3-octenoat ...199524233832
death and decay in the trees of mango (mangifera indica l.).death and decay of trees of mango (mangifera indica l.) var. kesar due to fungal infection was studied histologically. fungal infection in the trees was observed due to various reasons like mechanical injuries in the stem, pruning of the branches, through the inflorescences, attack of ambrosia beetle and termites. in the initial stage, fungal spores get settled on the flowers due to presence of nectar, followed by their germination and entry of the hypha into peduncle, which gradually spreads in ...200717000093
bio-catalysis of mango industrial waste by newly isolated fusarium sp. (pstf1) for pectinase production.the dried mango fruit processing industrial waste (miw) used as carbon source for the production of pectinase from fungal strains. eight fungal strains were isolated from miw and screened for their ability to produce pectinase by pectin clear zone (pcz) technique. fusarium sp. (pstf1) showed highest pcz value of 52 mm. the physico-chemical characteristics of the medium were standardized for high production of pectinase. the highest production of pectinase in submerged fermentation observed at te ...201528324397
first evidence of ethylene production by fusarium mangiferae associated with mango malformation.malformation is arguably the most crucial disease of mango (mangifera indica l.) at present. it is receiving great attention not only because of its widespread and destructive nature but also because of its etiology and control is not absolutely understood. recently, fusarium mangiferae is found to be associated with mango malformation disease. there are indications that stress ethylene production could be involved in the disease. here we have shown the first direct evidence of production of eth ...201323221756
leaf extracts of mangifera indica l. inhibit quorum sensing - regulated production of virulence factors and biofilm in test bacteria.quorum sensing (qs) is a global gene regulatory mechanism in bacteria for various traits including virulence factors. disabling qs system with anti-infective agent is considered as a potential strategy to prevent bacterial infection. mangifera indica l. (mango) has been shown to possess various biological activities including anti-qs. this study investigates the efficacy of leaf extracts on qs-regulated virulence factors and biofilm formation in gram negative pathogens. mango leaf (ml) extract w ...201728484444
obliteration of bacterial growth and biofilm through ros generation by facilely synthesized green silver nanoparticles.mangifera indica inflorescence aqueous extract was utilized for production of green agnps. synthesized agnps were characterized by uv-vis spectrophotometry, xrd, tem, fesem and particles size analyzer. agnps showed minimum inhibitory concentrations (mics) of 8 μg ml-1 and 16 μg ml-1 for gram negative (k. pneumoniae, p. aeruginosa and e. coli) and gram positive (s. mutans and s. aureus) strains, respectively which was relatively quite low compared to chemically synthesized silver nanoparticles. a ...201728771501
mango starch degradation. ii. the binding of alpha-amylase and beta-amylase to the starch granule.during mango ripening, soluble sugars that account for mango sweetening are accumulated through carbon supplied by both photosynthesis and starch degradation. the cultivar keitt has a characteristic dependence on sugar accumulation during starch degradation, which takes place during ripening, only a few days after detachment from the tree. most knowledge about starch degradation is based on seeds and leaves currently used as models. however, information about the mango fruit is scarce. this work ...200818656927
phylogenetic and morphological re-evaluation of the botryosphaeria species causing diseases of mangifera indica.species of botryosphaeria are among the most serious pathogens that affect mango trees and fruit. several species occur on mangoes, and these are identified mainly on the morphology of the anamorphs. common taxa include dothiorella dominicana, d. mangiferae (= natrassia mangiferae), d. aromatica and an unidentified species, dothiorella 'long'. the genus name dothiorella, however, is acknowledged as a synonym of diplodia. this study aimed to characterize and name the botryosphaeria spp. associate ...200616389961
co-pigmentation of pelargonidin derivatives in strawberry and red radish model solutions by the addition of phenolic fractions from mango peels.pelargonidin-based colors suffer from notorious instability. a phenolic mango peel extract and defined phenolic fractions thereof were shown to effectively modulate the visible absorption of anthocyanins from strawberry (fragaria x ananassa duch.) and red radish (raphanus sativus l.) by intermolecular co-pigmentation. consistently, non-acylated pelargonidin derivatives from strawberry exerted significantly greater hyper- and bathochromic spectral shifts than their acylated counterparts from red ...201627451227
anti-inflammatory effects of essential oils from mangifera indica.mangifera indica is widely found in brazil, and its leaves are used as an anti-inflammatory agent in folk medicine. the aim of this study is to perform composition analysis of essential oils from the m. indica varieties, espada (eomil1) and coração de boi (eomil2), and confirm their anti-inflammatory properties. twenty-three volatile compounds were identified via gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (gc-ms) in two essential oils from the leaves. paw edema and myeloperoxidase (mpo) activity were ...028362977
green synthesis and characterization of ag nanoparticles from mangifera indica leaves for dental restoration and antibacterial applications.green synthesis has gained a wide recognition as clean synthesis technique in the recent years. in the present investigation, silver nanoparticles were prepared by a novel green synthesis technique using mangifera indica (mango leaves) and found to be successfully used in dental applications. the prepared samples were spectroscopically characterized by xrd, psa, sem with eds, and uv-vis spectroscopy. the crystalline size and lattice strain were analyzed from the xrd data which were counter-verif ...201728470622
status of bactrocera invadens (diptera: tephritidae) in mango-producing areas of arba minch, southwestern ethiopia.bactrocera invadens, the asian fruit fly, was first reported in kenya in 2003, and it spread fast to most tropical countries in africa. to our knowledge, there is no detailed data on the fruit damage and status of fruit flies in arba minch and elsewhere in ethiopia. hence, information on the species composition and pest status of the fruit fly species is urgent to plan management strategies in the area. fruit flies were captured using male parapheromone-baited traps. matured mango (mangifera ind ...201525612742
at lunch with a killer: the effect of weaver ants on host-parasitoid interactions on mango.predator-prey interactions can affect the behaviour of the species involved, with consequences for population distribution and competitive interactions. under predation pressure, potential prey may adopt evasive strategies. these responses can be costly and could impact population growth. as some prey species may be more affected than others, predation pressure could also alter the dynamics among species within communities. in field cages and small observation cages, we studied the interactions ...028146561
thai fruits exhibit antioxidant activity and induction of antioxidant enzymes in hek-293 cells.the cellular antioxidant enzymes play the important role of protecting the cells and organisms from the oxidative damage. natural antioxidants contained in fruits have attracted considerable interest because of their presumed safety and potential nutritional value. even though antioxidant activities of many fruits have been reported, the effects of phytochemicals contained in fruits on the induction of antioxidant enzymes in the cells have not been fully defined. in this study, we showed that ex ...028074103
multifaceted health benefits of mangifera indica l. (mango): the inestimable value of orchards recently planted in sicilian rural areas.historically, mangifera indica l. cultivations have been widely planted in tropical areas of india, africa, asia, and central america. however, at least 20 years ago its spreading allowed the development of some cultivars in sicily, an island to the south of italy, where the favourable subtropical climate and adapted soils represent the perfect field to create new sources of production for the sicilian agricultural supply chain. currently, cultivations of kensington pride, keitt, glenn, maya, an ...028531110
behavior of thiophanate methyl and propiconazole in grape and mango fruits under the egyptian field conditions.this research aims at determining residues of thiophanate methyl and propiconazole in grape and mango fruits as an indication for their persistence in this environmental compartment. fruit extracts were analyzed for thiophanate methyl using high performance liquid chromatography and using gas chromatography electron capture detector (gc/ecd), respectively. the results indicated that propiconazole had a less environmental impact since propiconazole had shorter residue half-lives which were 1.24 a ...028337501
isolation and characterization of 9-lipoxygenase and epoxide hydrolase 2 genes: insight into lactone biosynthesis in mango fruit (mangifera indica l.).uniqueness and diversity of mango flavour across various cultivars are well known. among various flavour metabolites lactones form an important class of aroma volatiles in certain mango varieties due to their ripening specific appearance and lower odour detection threshold. in spite of their biological and biochemical importance, lactone biosynthetic pathway in plants remains elusive. present study encompasses quantitative real-time analysis of 9-lipoxygenase (mi9lox), epoxide hydrolase 2 (mieh2 ...028291596
leaf transcriptome sequencing for identifying genic-ssr markers and snp heterozygosity in crossbred mango variety 'amrapali' (mangifera indica l.).mango (mangifera indica l.) is called "king of fruits" due to its sweetness, richness of taste, diversity, large production volume and a variety of end usage. despite its huge economic importance genomic resources in mango are scarce and genetics of useful horticultural traits are poorly understood. here we generated deep coverage leaf rna sequence data for mango parental varieties 'neelam', 'dashehari' and their hybrid 'amrapali' using next generation sequencing technologies. de-novo sequence a ...027736892
characterization of mangifera indica cultivars in thailand based on macroscopic, microscopic, and genetic characters.thai mango cultivars are classified into six groups plus one miscellaneous group according to germplasm database for mango. characterization is important for conservation and the development of thai mango cultivars. this study investigated macroscopic, microscopic leaf characteristics, and genetic relationship among 17 cultivars selected from six groups of mango in thailand. selected mango samples were obtained from three different locations in thailand (n = 57). they were observed for their lea ...027833891
postharvest treatment of antioxidant reduces lenticel browning and improves cosmetic appeal of mango (mangifera indica l.) fruits without impairing quality.the present study reports the usefulness of ascorbic acid for reducing lenticels browning (lb) in mango, which impairs the cosmetic appeal and thereby the export. postharvest dip treatment of ascorbic acid at different concentrations (100, 150 and 200 ppm) was given to four varieties of mango (indian-'dashehari', 'langra'; exotic-'sensation', 'eldon'). after treatment, fruits were stored at ambient conditions (35 ± 4 °c and 65 ± 5 % rh) for 10 days. at the end of storage period, observations wer ...027765969
first occurrence of sternochetus mangiferae (fabricius) (coleoptera: curculionidae) in brazil.specimens of the mango stone weevil sternochetus mangiferae (fabricius) (coleoptera: curculionidae) were found in fruits of mango from a tree in the residential area of the rio de janeiro, rj. this is the first report of the s. mangiferae in brazil, currently regulated as an absent quarantine pest in the country. a taxonomist specialized in curculionidae confirmed the identification based on morphological diagnostics characteristics. this detection is a relevant finding, because brazil is a majo ...028540532
antidiabetic activity of polyherbal formulation in streptozotocin - nicotinamide induced diabetic wistar rats.glycosmis pentaphylla, tridax procumbens, and mangifera indica are well-known plants available throughout india and they are commonly used for the treatment of various diseases including diabetes mellitus. the antidiabetic activity of the individual plant parts is well known, but the synergistic or combined effects are unclear. the concept of polyherbalism has been highlighted in sharangdhar samhita, an ayurvedic literature dating back to 1300 ad. polyherbal formulations enhance the therapeutic ...201424860734
antiarthritic activity of a polyherbal formulation against freund's complete adjuvant induced arthritis in female wistar rats.to formulate a polyherbal formulation and evaluate its antiarthritic activity against freund's complete adjuvant induced arthritis in female wistar rats.201526229343
comparative transcriptome analysis of unripe and mid-ripe fruit of mangifera indica (var. "dashehari") unravels ripening associated genes.ripening in mango is under a complex control of ethylene. in an effort to understand the complex spatio-temporal control of ripening we have made use of a popular n. indian variety "dashehari" this variety ripens from the stone inside towards the peel outside and forms jelly in the pulp in ripe fruits. through a combination of 454 and illumina sequencing, a transcriptomic analysis of gene expression from unripe and midripe stages have been performed in triplicates. overall 74,312 unique transcri ...027586495
effect of postharvest ethylene treatment on sugar content, glycosidase activity and its gene expression in mango fruit.ripening-associated softening is one of the important attributes that largely determines the shelf-life of mango (mangifera indica linn.) fruits. to reveal the effect of pre-climacteric ethylene treatment on ripening-related softening of alphonso mango, ethylene treatment was given to mature, raw alphonso fruits. changes in the pool of reducing and non-reducing sugars, enzymatic activity of three glycosidases: β-d-galactosidase, α-d-mannosidase and β-d-glucosidase and their relative transcript a ...027433929
promising features of mango (mangifera indica l.) kernel oil: a review.mango kernel contains about 15 % good quality edible oil, that is comparable to soybean and cottonseed, which contain about 18-20 % oil. mango kernel oil (mko) has lower free fatty acids, carotenoid content and peroxide value, and is usually used without any processing, which is otherwise mandatory for commercial vegetable oils. palmitic, stearic and oleic acids are the major fatty acids, triglyceride composition and fatty acid profile suggest wide range of trans free options. with 32-36 °c melt ...027407184
antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities of kenyan leafy green vegetables, wild fruits, and medicinal plants with potential relevance for kwashiorkor.background. inflammation, together with related oxidative stress, is linked with the etiology of kwashiorkor, a form of severe acute malnutrition in children. a diet rich in anti-inflammatory and antioxidant phytochemicals may offer potential for the prevention and treatment of kwashiorkor. we selected and assayed five leafy green vegetables, two wild fruits, and six medicinal plants from kenya for their antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. consensus regarding medicinal plant use was es ...026236384
species or genotypes? reassessment of four recently described species of the ceratocystis wilt pathogen, ceratocystis fimbriata, on mangifera indica.ceratocystis wilt is among the most important diseases on mango (mangifera indica) in brazil, oman, and pakistan. the causal agent was originally identified in brazil as ceratocystis fimbriata, which is considered by some as a complex of many cryptic species, and four new species on mango trees were distinguished from c. fimbriata based on variation in internal transcribed spacer sequences. in the present study, phylogenetic analyses using dna sequences of mating type genes, tef-1α, and β-tubuli ...201525822187
transitions in mesocarp colour of mango fruits kept under variable temperatures.the impact of variable temperatures on mesocarp colour development and physico-chemical changes of mango fruits cv. langra during ripening has been investigated. physiological mature mango fruits were kept in temperature regulated chambers (20 and 25 °c) and at room temperature (29.8-33.6 °c). progress in development of mesocarp colour, β-carotene, sensory quality (sq) and total soluble solids (tss) content of fruits were analysed periodically from 48 to 168 h of ripening period. the progress of ...201729184231
intraspecific and intragenomic variability of its rdna sequences reveals taxonomic problems in ceratocystis fimbriata sensu stricto.fourteen new species in the latin american clade (lac) of the ceratocystis fimbriata complex recently were distinguished from c. fimbriata sensu stricto largely based on variation in its rdna sequences. among the 116 isolates representing the lac, there were 41 its haplotypes. maximum parsimony (mp) analysis of its sequences produced poorly resolved trees. in contrast, analyses of mating-type genes (mat1-1-2 and mat1-2-1) resolved a single mp tree with branches of high bootstrap and posterior pr ...201424782492
a possible centre of diversity in south east asia for the tree pathogen, ceratocystis manginecans.the fungal pathogen, ceratocystis manginecans, has caused serious canker and wilt disease on mangifera indica (mango), on legume tree species in oman and pakistan and on acacia spp. in indonesia. a ceratocystis species, with similar morphology to c. manginecans, has recently been reported in vietnam, causing severe disease of acacia trees. previous population genetic studies on isolates from m. indica in oman and pakistan have shown that the pathogen represents a single clonal haplotype, indicat ...201627016374
low-dose irradiation with modified atmosphere packaging for mango against the oriental fruit fly (diptera: tephritidae).irradiation is used to disinfest the oriental fruit fly, bactrocera dorsalis (hendel) (diptera: tephritidae) and other pests on mango fruits before export from thailand to foreign markets. modified atmosphere packaging (map) used during export of mangoes creates a low-oxygen environment that may reduce the efficacy of quarantine irradiation treatment against b. dorsalis. 'nam dok mai' mangoes infested with third-instar larvae of b. dorsalis, wrapped with three different kinds of map bags (cf1, f ...201729294024
comparative evaluation of mangifera indica leaf mouthwash with chlorhexidine on plaque accumulation, gingival inflammation, and salivary streptococcal growth.this study aims to compare the efficacy of a mango (mangifera indica) leaf mouthwash with chlorhexidine on plaque status, gingival status, and salivary streptococcus mutans count.201728611324
tocopherol levels in different mango varieties correlate with mihppd expression and its over-expression elevates tocopherols in transgenic arabidopsis and tomato.mango fruit tocopherol levels vary in different varieties during ripening. this study shows that tocopherol accumulation is highly correlated with its p-hydroxyphenyl pyruvate dioxygenase (mihppd) gene expression during ripening. mihppd transcript is ethylene induced and differentially expressed in four mango varieties used in this study. higher/lower accumulation of tocopherol (mainly α-tocopherol) was achieved by heterologous expression of mihppd in arabidopsis and tomato. the results suggest ...201729062673
suppressive effect of ethanol extract from mango (mangifera indica l.) peel on ige production in vitro and in vivo.immunoglobulin e (ige) is involved in the onset of allergic reaction, and the suppression of ige production leads to alleviation of allergic symptoms. we found that mango peel ethanol extract (mpe) significantly suppresses ige production by human myeloma cell line u266 cells, suggesting that mpe has an anti-allergic effect by inhibiting the production of ige. although mangiferin is contained in mango, which suppresses ige production by u266 cells, it was not contained in mpe. we investigated the ...201829297259
control of anthracnose caused by colletotrichum species in guava, mango and papaya using synergistic combinations of chitosan and cymbopogon citratus (d.c. ex nees) stapf. essential oil.this study assessed the efficacy of chitosan (chi) and cymbopogon citratus (d.c. ex nees) stapf. essential oil (cceo) combinations to control the mycelial growth of five pathogenic colletotrichum species (c. asianum, c. siamense, c. fructicola, c. tropicale and c. karstii) in vitro, as well as the anthracnose development in guava (psidium guajava l.) cv. paluma, mango (mangifera indica l.) cv. tommy atkins and papaya (carica papaya l.) cv. papaya artificially inoculated with these species. combi ...201729182924
management of fruit species in urban home gardens of argentina atlantic forest as an influence for landscape domestication.home gardens are considered germplasm repositories and places for experimentation, thus they are key sites for the domestication of plants. domestication is considered a constant process that occurs along a continuum from wild to managed to domesticated populations. management may lead to the modification of populations and in other cases to their distribution, changing population structure in a landscape. our objective is focused on the management received in home gardens by perennial species o ...201729033964
characterization and pathogenicity of fusarium species associated with leaf spot of mango (mangifera indica l.).leaf spot diseases are mainly caused by fungi including fusarium. in the present study several species of fusarium were isolated from the leaf spot lesion of mango (mangifera indica l.) based on morphological characteristics, tef-1α sequences and phylogenetic analysis, five species were identified as f. proliferatum, f. semitectum, f. mangiferae, f. solani and f. chlamydosporum. pathogenicity test indicated that representative isolates of f. proliferatum, f. semitectum and f. chlamydosporum were ...201729233777
tree age affects physico-chemical, functional quality and storability of amrapali mango (mangifera indica l.) fruits.the effect of tree age on physicochemical quality attributes and storage behaviour of stored amrapali mango fruit was evaluated. physiologically mature fruits were harvested from 6, 18 and 30 years old trees and kept for ripening under ambient condition (temperature 35 ± 3 °c, relative humidity 60 ± 5 %). observations were recorded at three days interval.201729230820
comparative typing analyses of clinical and environmental strains of the cryptococcus neoformans/cryptococcus gattii species complex from ivory coast.the aim of this study was to assess the biotope of the cryptococcus neoformans/cryptococcus gattii species complex from ivory coast, and clarify the possible epidemiological relationship between environmental and clinical strains.201829214970
the attractiveness of the gravid aedes trap to dengue vectors in fiji.the gravid aedes trap (gat) is a passive trap that relies on visual and olfactory cues to lure and capture gravid mosquitoes. the gat was designed as a dengue vector surveillance tool for use in conditions where power sources are not readily available. experiments were conducted over a 10-d period in fiji to determine which species of mosquitoes the gat would collect, how different infusion types affect the attractiveness of the trap, how long each infusion type took to begin attracting mosquito ...201729244174
in vitro screening for protein tyrosine phosphatase 1b and dipeptidyl peptidase iv inhibitors from selected nigerian medicinal plants.protein tyrosine phosphatase 1b (ptp 1b) and dipeptidyl peptidase iv (dpp iv) have been identified as one of the drug targets for the treatment of type-2 diabetes. this study was designed to screen for ptp 1b and dpp-iv inhibitors from some nigerian medicinal plants.201728512596
cyanobacteria growing on tree barks possess high amount of sunscreen compound mycosporine-like amino acids (maas).the present study describes cyanobacterial species composition and their dominance in biological crusts from barks of different trees, roof top of building and soil of agricultural field. an attempt was also made to explore the presence of photoprotective compounds such as mycosporine-like amino acids (maas) in the crust samples. microscopic examination and growth studies revealed the presence of oscillatoria species in all the crust samples excluding the crust of roof top of a building. study o ...201728866233
development of a high-resolution multi-locus microsatellite typing method for colletotrichum gloeosporioides.colletotrichum gloeosporioides is an economically important fungal pathogen causing substantial yield losses indifferent host plants. to understand the genetic diversity and molecular epidemiology of this fungus, we have developed a novel, high-resolution multi-locus microsatellite typing (mlmt) method. bioinformatic analysis of c. gloeosporioides unannotated genome sequence yielded eight potential microsatellite loci, of which five, cg1 (gt)n, cg2 (gt1)n, cg3 (tc)n, cg4 (ct)n, and cg5 (ct1)n we ...201729371809
molecular analysis of anthocyanin biosynthesis pathway genes and their differential expression in mango peel.mango fruit is cherished by masses for its taste and nutrition, contributed by color, flavor and aroma. among these, peel color is an important trait contributing to fruit quality and market value. we attempted to elucidate the role of key genes of anthocyanin biosynthesis pathway related to fruit peel color from the leaf transcriptome of cv. amrapali. a total of 108 mined transcript sequences were assigned to phenylpropanoid flavonoid pathway from which 15 contigs representing anthocyanin biosy ...201829338343
antibacterial and antibiotic-modifying activity of methanol extracts from six cameroonian food plants against multidrug-resistant enteric bacteria.the present work was designed to investigate the antibacterial activities of methanol extracts from six cameroonian edible plants and their synergistic effects with some commonly used antibiotics against multidrug-resistant (mdr) gram-negative bacteria expressing active efflux pumps. the extracts were subjected to qualitative phytochemical screening and the microdilution broth method was used for antibacterial assays. the results of phytochemical tests indicate that all tested crude extracts con ...201728904944
adaptogenic potential of oxitard in experimental chronic stress and chronic unpredictable stress induced dysfunctional homeostasis in rodents.oxitard, a polyherbal formulation comprising the extracts of withania somnifera, mangifera indica, glycyrrhiza glabra, daucus carota, vitis vinifera, powders of syzygium aromaticum, yashada bhasma and emblica officinalis; and oils of triticum sativum.201728693955
a review of implications of antiquality and toxic components in unconventional feedstuffs advocated for use in intensive animal production in nigeria.there are a number of unconventional feed resources in nigeria. most are rich sources of plant protein. since protein is the most expensive and limiting nutrient in tropical livestock nutrition, these unconventional feed resources may fill a gap in protein deficiency. however, most contain antiquality and toxic components which make them unsafe as protein and carbohydrate sources in livestock nutrition. the presence of saponins, lectins, tannins, trypsin inhibitors, cyanogenic glucoside and othe ...19989467208
effect of carbon dioxide (co2) and oxygen (o2) levels on quality of 'palmer' mangoes under controlled atmosphere storage.with the objective to evaluate the modifications in the fruit quality, 'palmer' mangoes were stored at 12.8 °c for 30 days in controlled atmosphere storage that contained a low level of oxygen (5 kpa) which was associated with increasing levels of carbon dioxide co2 (0, 1, 5, 10, 15 and 20 kpa co2). controlled atmosphere storage did not effect mango respiration. however, transfer mangoes, that were previously stored at high levels of co2 (5 kpa o2 + 15 kpa co2 and 5 kpa o2 + 20 kpa co2) to ambie ...201829358805
surfactant mediated extraction of total phenolic contents (tpc) and antioxidants from fruits juices.the aim of this study was to enhance the extraction of total phenolic contents (tpc) and antioxidants from fruit juices by the application of surfactants formulations instead of conventional solvents (methanol, ethanol and acetone). a variety of fruit infusions: apple red delicious (apple (rd)) (malus domestica), mcintosh apple (apple (i)) (malus pumila), sweet lemon (citrus limetta) and mango (magnifera indica) were studied. effect of water, organic solvents and five different aqueous surfactan ...201525952870
toxic effect of common poisonous plants of district bannu, khyber pakhtunkhwa, pakistan.the present paper was a part of ph.d research work, conducted during the year 2014, in which 87 poisonous plants belonging to 54 genera, were collected, documented and preserved in the herbarium of bannu, department of botany ust, bannu khyber pakhtunkwa pakistan. the plants were identified botanically, arranged alphabetically along with their latin name, family name, common name, poisonous parts, toxicity, affects, toxin and their effects. aim of the study was to induce awareness in the local p ...201829348085
low temperature stress ethylene and not fusarium, might be responsible for mango malformation.malformation is arguably the most crucial disease of mango (mangifera indica l.). the etiology of the disease has not yet been successfully resolved. here, we quantified the endogenous ethylene content in malformed and healthy vegetative and floral tissues of mango cultivars viz., amrapali, bombay green, chausa, dushehri and mallika. levels of ethylene were higher in malformed vegetative and floral tissues as compared with that of healthy tissues at both prior to full bloom and full bloom stages ...201323707883
dietary pectin and mango pulp effects on small intestinal enzyme activity levels and macronutrient digestion in grower pigs.the effects of refined pectin and mango pulp on macronutrient digestion and small intestinal enzyme activity were studied in grower pigs. diets based on wheat starch with and without apple pectin or dried mango fruit pulp were fed to 30 grower pigs for 21 days. pigs were euthanized two hours postprandially, and their gastrointestinal contents recovered. starch and protein digestion as well as α-amylase activity were all increased in pigs fed pectin. in contrast, fat digestion, lipase and proteas ...201829340436
estimation of whole plant photosynthetic rate of irwin mango under artificial and natural lights using a three-dimensional plant model and ray-tracing.photosynthesis is an important physiological response for determination of co₂ fertilization in greenhouses and estimation of crop growth. in order to estimate the whole plant photosynthetic rate, it is necessary to investigate how light interception by crops changes with environmental and morphological factors. the objectives of this study were to analyze plant light interception using a three-dimensional (3d) plant model and ray-tracing, determine the spatial distribution of the photosynthetic ...201829300365
influence of 1-mcp on texture, related enzymes, quality and their relative gene expression in 'amrapali' mango (mangifera indica l.) fruits.the mango fruits remain biologically active even after harvest as they continue respiration, transpiration and other bio-chemical processes. being highly perishable, the fruit quality deteriorates fast under ambient conditions (30 ± 5 °c and 50 ± 5% rh), rendering them unmarketable within 5-6 days. in order to extend the shelf-life of 'amrapali' mango fruits, we have treated them with three different concentrations (500, 750 and 1000 ppb) of 1-methylcyclopropene (1-mcp) @ 20 °c and stored at amb ...201729085148
mango supplementation has no effects on inflammatory mediators in obese adults.this pilot study examined the effects of freeze-dried mango (mangifera indica l.) supplementation on anthropometric measurements, lipid parameters, and inflammatory mediators in obese individuals. a total of 20 obese (body mass index [bmi]: 30-35 kg/m2) adults (11 men and 9 women), aged 20 to 50 years, received 10 g/d of ground freeze-dried mango pulp for 12 weeks. anthropometrics, lipids, and inflammatory mediators were assessed at baseline and after 12 weeks of mango supplementation. there wer ...201728983188
use of hplc- and gc-qtof to determine hydrophilic and lipophilic phenols in mango fruit (mangifera indica l.) and its by-products.mango industry processing generates high quantities of mango by-products such as peels and seeds (35%-60% of the fruit). indeed, it is known that mango and its by-products contain different families of bioactive compounds that possess several health benefits. thus, the aim of this study has been the determination of different families of phenolic derivatives (free and bound phenolic compounds and alk(en)ylresorcinols (ars)) in mango edible part and its by-products (peel, seed and seed husk) from ...201728964365
mango (mangifera indica l.) malformation: a malady of stress ethylene origin.mango malformation is a major constrain in mango production worldwide causing heavy economic losses depending on cultivar type and susceptibility. the malady has variously been ascribed to be acarological, viral, fungal and physiological in nature. here, we discuss the ethylene origin nature of malady. there are indications that most of the symptoms of mango malformation resemble with those of caused by ethylene effects. multiple evidence reports of putative causal agents including fusarium mang ...201525648881
on-tree mango fruit size estimation using rgb-d images.in-field mango fruit sizing is useful for estimation of fruit maturation and size distribution, informing the decision to harvest, harvest resourcing (e.g., tray insert sizes), and marketing. in-field machine vision imaging has been used for fruit count, but assessment of fruit size from images also requires estimation of camera-to-fruit distance. low cost examples of three technologies for assessment of camera to fruit distance were assessed: a rgb-d (depth) camera, a stereo vision camera and a ...201729182534
native yeasts for alternative utilization of overripe mango pulp for ethanol production.mango fruits (mangifera indica l.) are highly perishable, causing postharvest losses and producing agroindustrial waste. in the present work, native yeasts were used to evaluate ethanol production in overripe mango pulp. the two isolated strains showed similar sequences in the 18s rdna region corresponding to kluyveromyces marxianus, being different to the data reported in the ncbi database. values of up to 5% ethanol (w/v) were obtained at the end of fermentation, showing a productivity of 4g/l ...201729162302
misnpdb: a web-based genomic resources of tropical ecology fruit mango (mangifera indica l.) for phylogeography and varietal differentiation.mango is one of the most important fruits of tropical ecological region of the world, well known for its nutritive value, aroma and taste. its world production is >45mt worth >200 billion us dollars. genomic resources are required for improvement in productivity and management of mango germplasm. there is no web-based genomic resources available for mango. hence rapid and cost-effective high throughput putative marker discovery is required to develop such resources. rad-based marker discovery ca ...201729097776
new insights into single-compound and binary adsorption of copper and lead ions on a treated sea mango shell: experimental and theoretical studies.herein, adsorption isotherms of pb(ii) and cu(ii) ions on treated sea mango fruit in both single-compound and binary systems were experimentally realized at different temperatures in the range of 30-50 °c. experimental results show that adsorption of pb(ii) was more as compared to that of cu(ii) ions; however, for both ions, a significant reduction in the adsorption capacity was observed in the binary system as compared to that in the single-compound systems. moreover, under all the investigated ...201728932849
molecular cloning and functional expression of lewis type α1,3/α1,4-fucosyltransferase cdnas from mangifera indica l.in higher plants, complex type n-glycans contain characteristic carbohydrate moieties that are not found in mammals. in particular, the attachment of the lewis a (lea) epitope is currently the only known outer chain elongation that is present in plant n-glycans. such a modification is of great interest in terms of the biological function of complex type n-glycans in plant species. however, little is known regarding the exact molecular basis underlying their lea expression. in the present study, ...201728910607
mangifera indica l. leaf extract alleviates doxorubicin induced cardiac stress.the study was undertaken to evaluate the cardioprotective effect of the alcoholic leaf extract of mangifera indica l. against cardiac stress caused by doxorubicin (dox).201728894627
natural field infestation of mangifera casturi and mangifera lalijiwa by oriental fruit fly, bactrocera dorsalis (diptera: tephritidae).mango, mangifera indica (anacardiaceae), is a crop cultivated pantropically. there are, however, many other mangifera spp ("mango relatives") which have much more restricted distributions and are poorly known but have potential to produce mango-like fruits in areas where mangoes do not grow well or could be tapped in mango breeding programs. because of the restricted distribution of many of the mangifera spp, there has also been limited data collected on susceptibility of their fruits to infesta ...201728890657
effect of high pressure and thermal processing on spoilage-causing enzymes in mango (mangifera indica).the aim of the present work was to model the effect of combined pressure-temperature processing on spoilage-causing enzymes in mango pulp; which conventionally are inactivated using high temperatures leading to inevitable quality losses. the inactivation of enzymes pectin methylesterase (pme), polyphenol oxidase (ppo) and peroxidase (pod) was studied in mango pulp within the pressure, temperature and hold-time ranges of 0.1 to 600mpa, 40 to 70°c and 1s to 90min, respectively. the enzyme inactiva ...201728873763
impact of fruit texture on the release and perception of aroma compounds during in vivo consumption using fresh and processed mango fruits.two fresh (fresh cubic pieces, fresh puree) and two dried (dried cubic pieces, dried powder) products were prepared from a homogenous mango fruit batch to obtain four samples differing in texture. the aromatic profiles were determined by safe extraction technique and gc-ms analysis. vocs released during consumption were trapped by a retronasal aroma-trapping device (ratd) and analysed by gc-ms. twenty-one terpenes and one ester were identified from the exhaled nose-space. they were amongst the m ...201828873638
in vitro bioaccessibility and effect of mangifera indica (ataulfo) leaf extract on induced dyslipidemia.cardiovascular diseases (cvds) are the leading causes of death in the world, and epidemiological evidence points to dietary habits, stress, and obesity as major risk factors promoting pathological conditions like atherosclerosis, hypertension, and thrombosis. current therapeutic approaches for cvds rely on lifestyle changes and/or the use of drug agents. however, since the efficacy of such interventions is often limited by poor compliance and/or significant side effects, continued research on ne ...201828850305
transcriptional transitions in alphonso mango (mangifera indica l.) during fruit development and ripening explain its distinct aroma and shelf life characteristics.alphonso is known as the "king of mangos" due to its unique flavor, attractive color, low fiber pulp and long shelf life. we analyzed the transcriptome of alphonso mango through illumina sequencing from seven stages of fruit development and ripening as well as flower. total transcriptome data from these stages ranged between 65 and 143 mb. importantly, 20,755 unique transcripts were annotated and 4,611 were assigned enzyme commission numbers, which encoded 142 biological pathways. these included ...201728821734
processes involving selective precipitation for the recovery of purified pectins from mango peel.three methods for the recovery of purified pectins from directly dried mango peel were developed, using selective precipitation of mango pectin in propan-2-ol (ipa) of adequate volume concentrations for purification. yields, composition, macromolecular and gelling properties of the resultant pectins were compared. effluent analyses proved postextractive removal of fruit exudate arabinogalactans. the recovery processes involved (a) washing of raw-pectin powder in ipa of defined volume concentrati ...201728821039
dynamics in the concentrations of health-promoting compounds: lupeol, mangiferin and different phenolic acids during postharvest ripening of mango fruit.mango fruit (mangifera indica l.) is renowned for its pleasant taste and as a rich source of health beneficial compounds. the aim of this study was to investigate the changes in concentrations of health-promoting compounds, namely ascorbic acid, carotenoids, antioxidants, lupeol, mangiferin, total phenols and individual phenolic acids, as well as ethylene production and respiration rates during climacteric ripening in 'kensington pride' and 'r2e2' mango fruit.201728786116
the chitosan affects severely the carbon metabolism in mango (mangifera indica l. cv. palmer) fruit during storage.mango is a highly perishable fruit with a short post-harvest time due to the intense metabolic activity after harvesting. in attempt to evaluate the effects of chitosan in mango fruits, it was treated with 0%, 1%, 2% or 3% of chitosan solutions, placed into plastic trays, and stored at room temperature. changes in physical and chemical parameters were evaluated. chitosan delayed the climacteric peak, water loss and firmness. further, few changes in soluble solid content, titratable acidity, ph o ...201728764009
the effect of mangiferin on skin: penetration, permeation and inhibition of ecm enzymes.mangiferin (2-c-β-d-glucopyranosyl-1,3,6,7-tetrahydroxyxanthone) is a polyphenol with strong antioxidant properties. mangiferin is obtained from the mango tree (mangifera indica l., anacardiaceae). it has been proven that mangiferin exhibits many pharmacological activities. the aim of this study was to analyze the penetration of mangiferin into the human skin and through the skin. according to our knowledge, skin penetration and permeation studies of mangiferin have not been analyzed so far. add ...201728750062
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