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quantitative determination of allergenic 5-alk(en)ylresorcinols in mango (mangifera indica l.) peel, pulp, and fruit products by high-performance liquid chromatography.despite a number of serious case reports of mango dermatitis, no attempts at the identification and quantification of allergenic 5-alk(en)ylresorcinols in mango fruits have so far been made. therefore, total alk(en)ylresorcinol content and relative homologue composition in 13 mango peel samples and 7 samples of mango pulp were determined by hplc and lc-ms/ms analyses. furthermore, mango puree and nectar prepared on pilot plant scale were also analyzed and compared with commercially available the ...200919338352
[analysis of the microbiological quality and potential presence of listeria monocytogenes in custard apple (annona muricata), mango (mangifera indica) and passion fruit (passiflora edulis) pulps from costa rica].the objective of this work was to determine some of the indicators associated to shelf life, hygiene, process and storage conditions for some of custard apple, mango and passion fruit pulps distributed by the main supermarket chains of the metropolitan area of san josé, costa rica, as well as to examine the potential presence of listeria monocytogenes in them. sixty fruit pulp samples were analyzed. tests included ph determination, total aerobic plate count, yeasts and mold count, lactic bacteri ...201324167958
whole genome sequences and annotation of micrococcus luteus subg006, a novel phytopathogen of mango.actinobaceria, micrococcus luteus subg006 was isolated from infected leaves of mangifera indica l. vr. nylon in rajkot, (22.30°n, 70.78°e), gujarat, india. the genome size is 3.86 mb with g + c content of 69.80% and contains 112 rrna sequences (5s, 16s and 23s). the whole genome sequencing has been deposited in ddbj/embl/genbank under the accession number jokp00000000.201526697318
ethnopharmacological reports on anti-buruli ulcer medicinal plants in three west african countries.buruli ulcer (bu) is the third most common mycobacterial infection in the world, after tuberculosis and leprosy and has recently been recognized as an important emerging disease. this disease is common in west africa where more than 99% of the burden is felt and where most affected people live in remote areas with traditional medicine as primary or only option. reports indicate that the ethnopharmacological control approach of the disease in such settings has shown promise. however, no or very f ...201526099634
evaluation of herbal antimalarial mama decoction-amodiaquine combination in murine malaria model.co-administration of amodiaquine with mama decoction (md), an herbal antimalarial drug comprising the leaves of mangifera indica l. (anacardiaceae), alstonia boonei de wild (apocynaceae), morinda lucida benth (rubiaceae) and azadirachta indica a. juss (meliaceae) was investigated. the practice of concurrent administration of herbal medicines with orthodox drugs is currently on the increase globally.201627057621
anti-malarial activity of a polyherbal product (nefang) during early and established plasmodium infection in rodent models.the emerging resistance of plasmodium species to currently available anti-malarials remains a public health concern, hence the need for new effective, safe and affordable drugs. natural products remain a reliable source of drugs. nefang is a polyherbal anti-malarial of the cameroonian folklore medicine with demonstrated in vitro antiplasmodial and antioxidant activities. it is composed of mangifera indica (bark and leaf), psidium guajava, carica papaya, cymbopogon citratus, citrus sinensis, ocim ...201425421605
influence of formulation ratio of the plant components on the antimalarial properties of mama decoction.mangifera indica, alstonia boonei, morinda lucida and azadirachta indica (mama) decoction, commonly prepared and used in nigeria from 1:1:1:1 ratio of mangifera indica l. (anacardiaceae), alstonia boonei de wild (apocynaceae), morinda lucida benth (rubiaceae), and azadirachta indica a. juss (meliaceae) leaves, plus four new variants of this combination were subjected to three in vivo antimalarial test models using chloroquine-sensitive plasmodium berghei berghei to determine the most active unde ...201424658658
in vivo antimalarial evaluation of mama decoction on plasmodium berghei in mice.the use of decoctions of different plant materials is common practice in antimalarial ethnomedicine in africa. scientific evaluation of such herbal combinations to verify the claims is important. the study has evaluated the antimalarial efficacy of mama decoction (md), a multicomponent herbal preparation and its individual plant components, namely leaves of morinda lucida benth [rubiaceae] (ml), azadirachta indica a. juss [meliaceae] (ai), alstonia boonei de wild [apocynaceae] (ab) and mangifera ...201424271081
molecular docking studies and anti-snake venom metalloproteinase activity of thai mango seed kernel extract.snakebite envenomations cause severe local tissue necrosis and the venom metalloproteinases are thought to be the key toxins involved. in this study, the ethanolic extract from seed kernels of thai mango (mangifera indica l. cv. 'fahlun') (anacardiaceae) and its major phenolic principle (pentagalloylglucopyranose) exhibited potent and dose-dependent inhibitory effects on the caseinolytic and fibrinogenolytic activities of malayan pit viper and thai cobra venoms in in vitro tests. molecular docki ...200919783918
mangiferin prevents diabetic nephropathy progression in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats.diabetic nephropathy is one of the most severe diabetic microangiopathies and accounting for approximately one-third of all cases of end-stage renal disease. in the present study, we investigated the effect of mangiferin, a polyphenol from anemarrhena asphodeloides bge. or mangifera indica l., on diabetic nephropathy and the possible mechanisms by using a developed diabetic nephropathy rat model and cultured rat mesangial cells. serum-advanced glycation end-products level, malonaldehyde level, s ...201019960420
preventing hepatocyte oxidative stress cytotoxicity with mangifera indica l. extract (vimang).vimang is an aqueous extract of mangifera indica used in cuba to improve the quality of life in patients suffering from inflammatory diseases. in the present study we evaluated the effects of vimang at preventing reactive oxygen species (ros) formation and lipid peroxidation in intact isolated rat hepatocytes. vimang at 20, 50 and 100 microg/ml inhibited hepatocyte ros formation induced by glucose-glucose oxidase. hepatocyte cytotoxicity and lipid peroxidation induced by cumene hydroperoxide was ...200516086553
antimicrobial activity of some indian medicinal plants.the antimicrobial potential of seventy-seven extracts from twenty-four plants was screened against eight bacteria and four pathogenic fungi, using microbroth dilution assay. lowest concentration of the extract, which inhibits any visual microbial growth after treatment with p-iodonitrotetrazolium violet, was considered to be minimum inhibitory concentration (mic). water extracts of acacia nilotica, justicia zelanica, lantana camara and saraca asoca exhibited good activity against all the bacteri ...200720161895
the inhibitory potential of thai mango seed kernel extract against methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus.plant extracts are a valuable source of novel antibacterial compounds to combat pathogenic isolates of methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus (mrsa), a global nosocomial infection. in this study, the alcoholic extract from thai mango (mangifera indica l. cv. 'fahlun') seed kernel extract (mske) and its phenolic principles (gallic acid, methyl gallate and pentagalloylglucopyranose) demonstrated potent in vitro antibacterial activity against staphylococcus aureus and 19 clinical mrsa isolates ...201121788933
medicinal plants used by traditional medicine practitioners for the treatment of hiv/aids and related conditions in uganda.in uganda, there are over one million people with hiv/aids. when advanced, this disease is characterized by life-threatening opportunistic infections. as the formal health sector struggles to confront this epidemic, new medicines from traditional sources are needed to complement control efforts. this study was conducted to document herbal medicines used in the treatment of hiv/aids and related opportunistic infections, and to document the existing knowledge, attitudes and practices related to hi ...201020451595
effect of mangiferin on mitochondrial energy production in experimentally induced myocardial infarcted rats.mangiferin, from the leaves of mangifera indica linn., has been suggested as useful in the treatment of cardiovascular disorders. in the present study this drug was examined on the alteration of cardiac energy metabolism in isoproterenol (isph) administered myocardial infarcted rats. isph (20 mg/kg b.w.), which was administered s.c. twice at an interval of 24 h, caused a significant decrease in the activities of tca cycle enzymes and antioxidant defense enzymes with a concomitant increase in the ...200616697266
myanmar mango landraces reveal genetic uniqueness over common cultivars from florida, india, and southeast asia.mango (mangifera indica) is believed to have evolved in a large area spanning northeastern india, bangladesh, and northwestern myanmar. we compared the genetic structure of mango accessions from myanmar with that of mango accessions from florida, india, and southeast asia with 11 ssr markers. the myanmar accessions exhibited considerable genetic diversity (unbiased heterozygosity, uhe = 0.698) and a high number of private alleles. despite the low degree of genetic differentiation among accession ...201020616863
developing a systems approach for sternochetus mangiferae (coleoptera: curculionidae) in south africa.sternochetus mangiferae (f.) (coleoptera: curculionidae) is a quarantine pest of mango, mangifera indica l., in south africa. the aim of the study was to test cultural and chemical control measures in a systems approach for risk mitigation of s. mangiferae in south africa. a large-scale experiment, using a randomized block design with three replicates, was undertaken on 'tommy atkins' mangoes in south africa. five treatment combinations were applied over two seasons: (1) untreated control; (2) s ...201021061956
antibacterial effect of mango (mangifera indica linn.) leaf extract against antibiotic sensitive and multi-drug resistant salmonella typhi.alternative herbal medicine has been used to treat various infections from centuries. natural plants contain phytoconstituents having similar chemical properties as of synthetic antibiotics. typhoid fever is a serious infection and failure of its treatment emerged multi-drug resistant (mdr) bugs of salmonella typhi. due to multiple and repeated issues with antibiotics efficacy, it became essential to evaluate biological properties of plants from different geographical origins. mango leaves have ...201323811447
in vitro susceptibility of viridans streptococci to leaf extracts of mangifera indica.the susceptibility of viridans streptococci to leaf extracts of mangifera indica was studied on 53 clinical isolates from 39 patients. all the isolates were found to be susceptible to both water and methanol extract of m. indica leaves. minimum inhibitory concentration (mic) of methanol extract for all isolates were <50 mg/ml and mic of water extract for all isolates were <200 mg/ml. methanol extract was found to have better action against viridans streptococci than water extract.200723100659
two new species of fusarium section liseola associated with mango malformation.mango malformation is an economically important disease of mangifera indica globally. a recent dna-based study indicated that two distinct, phylogenetic lineages previously identified as fusarium subglutinans are associated with this disease in south africa. the objective of this study was to characterize fusarium isolates associated with mango malformation, including the two different f. subglutinans groups, based on morphological characteristics. for this purpose we examined fusarium strains i ...200221156544
indonesian propolis: chemical composition, biological activity and botanical origin.from a biologically active extract of indonesian propolis from east java, 11 compounds were isolated and identified: four alk(en)ylresorcinols (obtained as an inseparable mixture) (1-4) were isolated for the first time from propolis, along with four prenylflavanones (6-9) and three cycloartane-type triterpenes (5, 10 and 11). the structures of the components were elucidated based on their spectral properties. all prenylflavanones demonstrated significant radical scavenging activity against diphe ...201121409722
genome characterization of a novel burkholderia cepacia complex genomovar isolated from dieback affected mango orchards.we characterized the genome of the antibiotic resistant, caseinolytic and non-hemolytic burkholderia sp. strain tji49, isolated from mango trees (mangifera indica l.) with dieback disease. this isolate produced severe disease symptoms on the indicator plants. next generation dna sequencing and short-read assembly generated the 60x deep 7,631,934 nucleotide draft genome of burkholderia sp. tji49 which comprised three chromosomes and at least one mega plasmid. genome annotation studies revealed a ...201323653265
antibacterial efficacy of mangifera indica l. kernel and ocimum sanctum l. leaves against enterococcus faecalis dentinal biofilm.the enterococcus faecalis biofilm in the root canal makes it difficult to be eradicated by the conventional irrigants with no toxicity to the tissues. hence, plant products with least side effects are explored for their use as irrigants in the root canal therapy.201324082577
larvicidal efficacy screening of anacardaciae crude extracts on the dengue hemorrhagic vector, aedes aegypti.vector-borne diseases are still rife because of the re-emergence of diseases transmitted by mosquitoes. the objective of this paper is to evaluate the larvicidal efficacy of crude leaf extract of mangifera indica, gluta renghas, and melanochyla fasciculiflora against vector of dengue hemorrhagic fever, aedes aegypti. these plant species are endemic species and widely distributed in malaysian forests. leaves of ma. indica, g. renghas and m. fascculiflora were collected from teluk bahang national ...201425134898
food and feeding behaviour of asiatic elephant (elephas maximus linn.) in kuldiha wild life sanctuary, odisha, india.the feeding behaviour of asiatic elephant (elephas maximus) with food reference was studied in kuldiha wildlife sanctuary in odisha during 2007 to 2009. though the study area houses a good number of plant species only 71 species were identified as elephant fodder plants. the food trail of elephant was observed as twig breaking, bark peeling, branch breaking, stem twisting uprooting and flower plucking in different regions of study area during different seasons. alteration of predominantly browsi ...201324006812
fungal planet description sheets: 371-399.novel species of fungi described in the present study include the following from australia: neoseptorioides eucalypti gen. & sp. nov. from eucalyptus radiata leaves, phytophthora gondwanensis from soil, diaporthe tulliensis from rotted stem ends of theobroma cacao fruit, diaporthe vawdreyi from fruit rot of psidium guajava, magnaporthiopsis agrostidis from rotted roots of agrostis stolonifera and semifissispora natalis from eucalyptus leaf litter. furthermore, neopestalotiopsis egyptiaca is desc ...201526823636
prevention of bacterial biofilms formation on urinary catheter by selected plant extracts.in this study, we investigated the feasibility of using psidium guajava, mangifera indica and ocimum gratissimum leaf extracts in preventing escherichia coli biofilm formation. the plants extractions were done with methanol under cold extraction. the various concentrations 5.0, 10.0 and 20.0 mg ml(-1) were used to coat 63 catheters under mild heat from water bath. biofilm formation on the catheter was induced using cultures of e. coli. biofilm formation was evaluated using aerobic plate count an ...201526364356
identification of novel isoprene synthases through genome mining and expression in escherichia coli.isoprene is a naturally produced hydrocarbon emitted into the atmosphere by green plants. it is also a constituent of synthetic rubber and a potential biofuel. microbial production of isoprene can become a sustainable alternative to the prevailing chemical production of isoprene from petroleum. in this work, sequence homology searches were conducted to find novel isoprene synthases. candidate sequences were functionally expressed in escherichia coli and the desired enzymes were identified based ...201526275749
benzophenone c-glucosides and gallotannins from mango tree stem bark with broad-spectrum anti-viral activity.the high mutation rate of rna viruses has resulted in limitation of vaccine effectiveness and increased emergence of drug-resistant viruses. new effective antivirals are therefore needed to control of the highly mutative rna viruses. the n-butanol fraction of the stem bark of mangifera indica exhibited inhibitory activity against influenza neuraminidase (na) and coxsackie virus 3c protease. bioassay guided phytochemical study of m. indica stem bark afforded two new compounds including one benzop ...201424613627
air-borne contact dermatitis in varanasi.forty-six patients suspected to have air borne contact dermatitis were tested with various plant antigens. thirteen patients turned out to be sensitive to one or more antigens. the plant antigens, used for testing, were parthenium hysterophorus, lantana camara, cynodon dactylon, bougainvaled spectabills, calotropis procera, argimone mexicana, acacia arabica, azadiracha indica, eucalyptus rostrata, saraka indica, triticum vulgare, triticum aestivum, dryopteris filix, nerium indicum, eclipta alba, ...201728150592
acute renal failure induced by chinese herbal medication in nigeria.traditional herbal medicine is a global phenomenon especially in the resource poor economy where only the very rich can access orthodox care. these herbal products are associated with complications such as acute renal failure and liver damage with a high incidence of mortalities and morbidities. acute renal failure from the use of herbal remedies is said to account for about 30-35% of all cases of acute renal failure in africa. most of the herbal medications are not usually identified, but some ...201526199625
ethnobotanical study of indigenous knowledge on medicinal and nutritious plants used to manage opportunistic infections associated with hiv/aids in western uganda.traditional medicine plays an important role in the daily lives of the people of uganda to treat a wide range of health problems. our study presents results of an ethnobotanical inventory conducted to identify and document medicinal and nutritional plants used in the management of opportunistic infections associated with human immunodeficiency virus / acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (hiv/aids), the plant parts used, preparation and administration methods of herbal remedies.201424862490
phylogeny and pathogenicity of lasiodiplodia species associated with dieback of mango in peru.mango, which is an important tropical fruit crop in the region of piura (peru), is known to be prone to a range of diseases caused by lasiodiplodia spp. the aim of this study was to evaluate the incidence and prevalence of mango dieback in the region of piura, and to identify the species of lasiodiplodia associated with the disease and evaluate their pathogenicity towards mango. mango dieback was present in all orchards surveyed but incidence varied with location. identification of fungal isolat ...201728317545
caulicolous botryosphaeriales from thailand.members of botryosphaeriales are commonly encountered as endophytes or pathogens of various plant hosts. the botryosphaeriaceae represents the predominant family within this order, containing numerous species associated with canker and dieback disease on a wide range of woody hosts. during the course of routine surveys from various plant hosts in thailand, numerous isolates of botryosphaeriaceae, including aplosporellaceae were collected. isolates were subsequently identified based on a combinat ...201526240447
storage behavior of mango as affected by post harvest application of plant extracts and storage conditions.the use of plant extracts could be a useful alternative to synthetic fungicides in the post harvest handling of fruits and vegetables. the aim of this study was to access the efficacy of extracts obtained from four plants (neem, pongamia, custard apple leaf and marigold flowers) on the extension of shelf life of mango fruits cv. dashehri under two storage conditions (cool store and ambient condition). the fruits were treated with 2 concentrations of each plant extracts (10 % and 20 %) were place ...201425328189
efficacy of larvicidal activity of green synthesized titanium dioxide nanoparticles using mangifera indica extract against blood-feeding parasites.titanium dioxide nanoparticles (tio2 nps) are considered to be among the best photocatalytic materials due to their long-term thermodynamic stability, strong oxidizing power, and relative non-toxicity. nano-preparations with tio2 nps are currently under investigation as novel treatments for acne vulgaris, recurrent condyloma acuminata, atopic dermatitis, hyperpigmented skin lesions, and other non-dermatologic diseases. the present study was to investigate the acaricidal and larvicidal activity o ...201525403378
salmonella enterica serovar enteritidis and listeria monocytogenes in mango (mangifera indica l.) pulp: growth, survival and cross-contamination.this study examined the ability of salmonella enterica serovar enteritidis and listeria monocytogenes to grow or survive in mango pulp stored at -20°c, 4°c, 10°c and 25°c, as well as to cross-contaminate mangoes by means of a knife contaminated with different levels of these pathogens.201425328926
antidiabetic and anticancer activities of mangifera indica cv. okrong leaves.diabetes and cancer are a major global public health problem. plant-derived agents with undesirable side-effects were required. this study aimed to evaluate antidiabetic and anticancer activities of the ethanolic leaf extract of mangifera indica cv. okrong and its active phytochemical compound, mangiferin. antidiabetic activities against yeast α-glucosidase and rat intestinal α-glucosidase were determined using 1 mm of p-nitro phenyl-α-d-glucopyranoside as substrate. inhibitory activity against ...201728217550
effects of the culture media optimization on pectinase production by enterobacter sp. pstb-1.in the present study, media composition for high production of pectinase by enterobacter sp. pstb-1 in submerged fermentation was optimized using response surface methodology (rsm). mango fruit processing industrial waste (miw) was used as substrate (carbon source) as it contains high amount of pectin. enterobacter sp. pstb-1 used in present study has given pectin clear zone (pcz) of 34 mm is higher than other isolates. the experimental results made by statistical design for high pectinase produ ...201628330278
diversity and utilization of tree species in meitei homegardens of barak valley, assam.an inventory of tree diversity in traditional homegardens of meitei community was conducted in a bontarapur village in cachar district of barak valley, assam. meitei homegarden locally called ingkhol exhibits a wide diversity in size, shape, location and composition. seventy one tree species were enumerated from 50 homegardens belonging to 60 genus and 35 families. among the families encountered, rutaceae was the dominant family (4 genus and 7 species) followed by meliaceae (5 genus and 5 specie ...201324620581
antifungal activity of mango peel and seed extracts against clinically pathogenic and food spoilage yeasts.the antioxidant and antifungal (antiyeast) properties of mango (mangifera indica) peel and seed by-products were investigated. nine extracts were obtained using three cultivars and two extraction methods. significant differences between cultivars and extraction methods were detected in their bioactive compounds and antioxidant activity. the antifungal property was determined using agar diffusion and broth micro-dilution assays against 18 yeast species of the genera candida, dekkera, hanseniaspor ...201526609883
the species composition of thrips (insecta: thysanoptera) inhabiting mango orchards in pulau pinang, malaysia.a field study was conducted at two localities on pulau pinang, malaysia, during two consecutive mango flowering seasons in 2009 to identify variations in the species composition of thrips infesting treated and untreated mango (mangifera indica l.) orchards. the co2 immobilisation technique and the cutting method were used to recover different thrips species from mango panicles and weed host plants, respectively. the mango panicles and various weed species within the treated orchard were found to ...201224575225
biocontrol of postharvest anthracnose of mango fruit with debaryomyces nepalensis and effects on storage quality and postharvest physiology.anthracnose is presently recognized as one of the most important postharvest disease of mango worldwide. to control the disease, chemical fungicides for a long time was widely used among fruit farmers, but recently found that pathogen had developed increasingly resistance to it. with people's growing desire of healthy and green food, finding new and environmentally friendly biological control approach was very necessary. in this paper, we provided a kind of new antagonistic yeast which enriched ...201526445226
pharmacological evidence for the folk use of nefang: antipyretic, anti-inflammatory and antinociceptive activities of its constituent plants.nefang is a polyherbal anti-malarial composed of mangifera indica ( mib and mil; bark and leaf), psidium guajava ( pg ), carica papaya ( cp ), cymbopogon citratus ( cc ), citrus sinensis ( cs ) and ocimum gratissimum ( og ) (leaves). previous studies have demonstrated its in vitro and in vivo antiplasmodial activities, antioxidant properties and safety profile. this study aimed at evaluating the antipyretic, anti-inflammatory and antinociceptive activities of the constituent plants of nefang whi ...201526055261
antioxidant activity of phenolic and flavonoid compounds in some medicinal plants of india.in this study, total phenolics, flavonoids and vitamin c content vis-a-vis antioxidant activities were assayed in leaves and stem bark of azadirachta indica, butea monosperma, cassia fistula, mangifera indica, syzygium cumini and tamarindus indica using the 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (dpph) and superoxide radical scavenging method. the dpph radical scavenging activity positively correlated with the total phenolic content in both stem bark and leaf. superoxide radical scavenging activity incre ...201121726132
extraction process optimization of polyphenols from indian citrus sinensis - as novel antiglycative agents in the management of diabetes mellitus.diabetes mellitus is a chronic metabolic disorder characterized by increased blood glucose level. it has become an epidemic disease in the 21st century where, india leads the world with largest number of diabetic subjects. non-enzymatic glycosylation (glycation) is severe form of diabetes, occurs between reducing sugar and proteins which results in the formation of advanced glycation end products (ages) that leads to the other complicated secondary disorders. in this context, mangifera indica (m ...201424397983
antidiarrhoeal activity of das-77 (a herbal preparation).das-77 is a traditional herbal preparation composed of the young callous bark of mango (mangifera indica linn., anacardiaceae) and the dried root of pawpaw (carica papaya linn., caricaceae). this phytomedicine is claimed to have beneficial effects in the treatment of gastrointestinal disorders, including diarrhoea.201123175899
phytoextracts-synthesized silver nanoparticles inhibit bacterial fish pathogen aeromonas hydrophila.fish disease is a major stumbling block towards sustainable growth of the fisheries sector. aeromonas hydrophila, which is a major infectious aquatic pathogen is reportedly the causative agent of ulcers, fin-rot, tail-rot, hemorrhagic septicemia in fish, and has reportedly developed resistance against many of the available antibiotics. in this context, the inhibitory function of silver nanoparticles (agnps) against a. hydrophila was studied to evaluate its possible application in aquaculture as ...201324426148
the treatment of jaundice with medicinal plants in indigenous communities of the sub-himalayan region of uttarakhand, india.inspite of tremendous advances made in allopathic medical practices, herbs still play an important role in the management of various liver diseases. a large number of plants and formulations have been claimed to have hepatoprotective activity. jaundice is a symptom, indicative of the malfunctioning of the liver. this paper provides ethnomedicinal information on the plants used to treat jaundice by three important indigenous communities, i.e., nomadic gujjars, tharu and bhoxa of sub-himalayan reg ...201222759701
bioethanol production from leafy biomass of mango (mangifera indica) involving naturally isolated and recombinant enzymes.the present study describes the usage of dried leafy biomass of mango (mangifera indica) containing 26.3% (w/w) cellulose, 54.4% (w/w) hemicellulose, and 16.9% (w/w) lignin, as a substrate for bioethanol production from zymomonas mobilis and candida shehatae. the substrate was subjected to two different pretreatment strategies, namely, wet oxidation and an organosolv process. an ethanol concentration (1.21 g/l) was obtained with z. mobilis in a shake-flask simultaneous saccharification and ferme ...201323768115
chemical prospection of important ayurvedic plant tinospora cordifolia by uplc-dad-esi-qtof-ms/ms and nmr.a rapid, sensitive, and accurate ultra-performance liquid chromatography coupled with mass spectrometric method (uplc-ms) was developed and validated for simultaneous determination of four bioactive compounds, syringin (3), cordifolioside a (4), magnoflorine (6) and tinocordiside (10) in the stem of tinospora cordifolia. the analysis was performed using an acquity c18 column and gradient elution of 0.05% formic acid in water and acetonitrile at a detection wavelength of 267 nm in 5 min. a high c ...201525920217
effect of two herbal mouthwashes on gingival health of school children.this study aimed at determining the effect of indigenously prepared neem and mango chewing stick mouthwashes on plaque and gingival indices. a sample of 105 children aged 12-15 years was randomized into three groups, namely neem, mango, and chlorhexidine mouthwash groups. all the children were examined at baseline and gingival and plaque indices were recorded. baseline scores for plaque and gingivitis were fair and moderate, respectively, in all the three groups and there existed no statisticall ...201425379471
[investigation on emission properties of biogenic vocs of landscape plants in shenzhen].isoprene and monoterpene emissions were characterized using flow and enclosure sampling method and gc-ms in usa for 158 species of plants growing in shenzhen, china. this survey was designed to include all of the dominant plants within the shenzhen region as well as unique plants such as cycads. these are the first measurements in a subtropical asian metropolis. substantial isoprene emissions were observed from thirty-one species, including caryota mitis, adenanthera pavonina var. microsperma, m ...201122468517
edible coatings influence fruit ripening, quality, and aroma biosynthesis in mango fruit.the effects of different edible coatings on mango fruit ripening and ripe fruit quality parameters including color, firmness, soluble solids concentrations, total acidity, ascorbic acid, total carotenoids, fatty acids, and aroma volatiles were investigated. hard mature green mango (mangifera indica l. cv. kensigton pride) fruits were coated with aqueous mango carnauba (1:1 v/v), semperfresh (0.6%), aloe vera gel (1:1, v/v), or a. vera gel (100%). untreated fruit served as the control. following ...200818247535
trypanosomatid protozoa in plants of southeastern spain: characterization by analysis of isoenzymes, kinetoplast dna, and metabolic behavior.three flagellates of the family trypanosomatidae were isolated from mango fruits (mangifera indica) and from the stems of clover (trifolium glomeratum) and amaranth (amaranthus retroflexus) in southeastern spain and were adapted to in vitro culture in monophase media. the parasites showed an ultrastructural pattern similar to that of other species of the genus phytomonas. mango and clover isolates differed from amaranth isolates in ultrastructural terms. the isolates were characterized by isoenz ...19989610631
current trends of tropical fruit waste utilization.recent rapid growth of the world's population has increased food demands. this phenomenon poses a great challenge for food manufacturers in maximizing the existing food or plant resources. nowadays, the recovery of health benefit bioactive compounds from fruit wastes is a research trend not only to help minimize the waste burden, but also to meet the intensive demand from the public for phenolic compounds which are believed to have protective effects against chronic diseases. this review is focu ...201627246698
insights into the key aroma compounds in mango (mangifera indica l. 'haden') fruits by stable isotope dilution quantitation and aroma simulation experiments.thirty-four aroma-active compounds, previously identified with high flavor dilution factors by application of an aroma extract dilution analysis, were quantified in tree-ripened fruits of mango (mangifera indica l. 'haden'). from the results, the odor activity value (oav) was calculated for each compound as the ratio of its concentration in the mangoes to its odor threshold in water. oavs > 1 were obtained for 24 compounds, among which ethyl 2-methylbutanoate (fruity; oav 2100), (3e,5z)-undeca-1 ...201627167034
glycaemic response to some commonly eaten fruits in type 2 diabetes mellitus.it is not known which of the commonly consumed fruits in nigeria are suitable for persons with diabetes mellitus especially with regards to the attendant plasma glucose response (pgr) to consumption of such fruits.201121984455
cloning and expression of ethylene receptor ers1 at various developmental and ripening stages of mango fruit.ethylene induces characteristic ripening reactions in climacteric fruits through its binding to histidine-kinase (hk) receptors, activating the expression of ripening genes. ethylene receptors have been found in arabidopsis thaliana (brassicaceae) and some fruits; number and expression patterns differ among species. in mango, only ethylene receptor etr1 was known. we cloned ers1 cdna from mango, and evaluated the expression of mi-ers1 and mi-etr1 by qpcr in developmental and ripening stages of t ...201223079970
regulation of floral initiation in horticultural trees.the intention of this review is to discuss floral initiation of horticultural trees. floral initiation is best understood for herbaceous species, especially at the molecular level, so a brief overview of the control of floral initiation of arabidopsis (arabidopsis thaliana (l.) heynh.) precedes the discussion of trees. four major pathways to flowering have been characterized in arabidopsis, including environmental induction through photoperiod and temperature, autonomous floral initiation, and r ...200818653697
nutritional composition of fruits selected by long-tailed macaques (macaca fascicularis) in kuala selangor, malaysia.proximate analysis of twelve species of fruits commonly consumed by long-tailed macaques (macaca fascicularis), i.e., arenga pinnata, areca catechu, terminalia catappa, elaeis guineensis, lagerstroemia tomentosa, mangifera indica, cascabela thevetia, muntingia calabura, musa sp., artocarpus heterophyllus, ficus tinctoria ssp. gibbosa and ficus microcarpa, was conducted with the specific objective to determine the nutritional composition of the foodstuffs of long-tailed macaques. the results show ...201728228918
hepatoprotective and antioxidant activity of standardized herbal extracts.phyllanthus emblica, camellia sinensis, mangifera indica, punica granatum, and acacia catechu have been shown to possess widespread pharmacological application against multitude of diseases namely cancer, diabetes, liver disorders, and oxidative stress.201222701284
evaluation of yellow sticky traps for monitoring the population of thrips (thysanoptera) in a mango orchard.populations of several thrips species were estimated using yellow sticky traps in an orchard planted with mango, mangifera indica l. during the dry and wet seasons beginning in late 2008-2009 on penang island, malaysia. to determine the efficacy of using sticky traps to monitor thrips populations, we compared weekly population estimates on yellow sticky traps with thrips population sizes that were determined (using a co(2) method) directly from mango panicles. dispersal distance and direction of ...201122251688
anaphylaxis to mango fruit and crossreactivity with artemisia vulgaris pollen. 200919862948
determination of the host status of the 'persian' lime (citrus latifolia tanaka) for anastrepha ludens (loew) (diptera: tephritidae).field and laboratory no-choice oviposition tests were performed to determine whether the 'persian' lime (citrus latifolia tanaka) is a host of anastrepha ludens loew (diptera: tephritidae). trapping and fruit sampling were performed to determine adult population densities and the level of infestation in the two lime orchards. additionally, unharvested and harvested limes were exposed to sexually mature flies and the number of eggs laid and the immature developmental rates were determined. as a c ...201526470106
ogataea mangiferae sp. nov., a methylotrophic yeast isolated from mango leaves.five strains of a novel methanol-assimilating yeast species were isolated from mango (mangifera indica) leaves collected at the campus of the federal university of minas gerais in brazil. the sequences of the internal transcribed spacer (its) region and the d1/d2 domains of the large subunit of the rrna gene showed that this species belongs to the ogataea clade and is related to o. allantospora, o. chonburiensis, o. dorogensis, o. kodamae, o. paradorogensis and candida xyloterini (ogataea clade) ...201525792365
ogataea kanchanaburiensis sp. nov. and ogataea wangdongensis sp. nov., two novel methylotrophic yeast species from phylloplane in thailand.three strains (km03(t), km13 (t) and km15) representing two novel methylotrophic yeast species were isolated from the external surface of plant leaves, which were collected from kanchanaburi province, thailand, by three-consecutive enrichments in methanol broth. strain km03(t) was isolated from phylloplane of a mango tree (mangifera indica) and two strains, km13(t) and km15, were obtained from phylloplane of different wine grapes (vitis vinifera). the sequences of the d1/d2 region of the large s ...201323104074
protective effect of mangifera indica linn., cocos nucifera linn., and averrhoa carambola linn. extracts against ultraviolet b-induced damage in human keratinocytes.this study was aimed at investigating the antioxidant activity of mangifera indica linn., cocos nucifera linn., and averrhoa carambola linn. and their biological effect on human keratinocytes affected by the ultraviolet b (uvb), a major cause of cell damage and skin cancer through induction of dna damage, production of reactive oxygen species (ros), and apoptosis. the richest antioxidant activity was found in ethanol fraction of m. indica (21.32 ± 0.66 mg qe/g dry weight), while the lowest one w ...201627057195
fermentation of three varieties of mango juices with a mixture of saccharomyces cerevisiae and williopsis saturnus var. mrakii.this study was carried out to ascertain the behavior and fermentation performance of mixed yeasts in mango juices of three varieties. saccharomyces cerevisiae merit.ferm and williopsis saturnus var. mrakii ncyc500 at a ratio of 1:1000 were simultaneously inoculated into juices of three mango (mangifera indica l.) varieties (r2e2, harum manis and nam doc mai). both yeasts grew well in all juices and there was no early growth arrest of either yeast, but there was late death of w. saturnus var. mra ...201222800660
forest fragments as barriers to fruit fly dispersal: anastrepha (diptera: tephritidae) populations in orchards and adjacent forest fragments in puerto rico.mcphail-type traps baited with ammonium acetate and putrescine were used to monitor populations of anastrepha obliqua (macquart) and anastrepha suspensa (loew) in two orchards with hosts of these flies (mango, mangifera indica l., and carambola, averrhoa carambola l.), as well as in forest fragments bordering these orchards. contour maps were constructed to measure population distributions in and around orchards. our results indicate that anastrepha populations are focused around host fruit in b ...201323575019
characterization of mango (mangifera indica l.) transcriptome and chloroplast genome.we characterized mango leaf transcriptome and chloroplast genome using next generation dna sequencing. the rna-seq output of mango transcriptome generated >12 million reads (total nucleotides sequenced >1 gb). de novo transcriptome assembly generated 30,509 unigenes with lengths in the range of 300 to ≥3,000 nt and 67× depth of coverage. blast searching against nonredundant nucleotide databases and several viridiplantae genomic datasets annotated 24,593 mango unigenes (80% of total) and identifi ...201424515595
analysis of volatile aroma constituents of wine produced from indian mango (mangifera indica l.) by gc-ms.volatile aroma compounds are synthesized by wine yeast during wine fermentation. in this study the volatile aroma composition of two varieties of mango wine were determined to differentiate and characterize the wines. the wine was produced from the fruits of two varieties of mango cultivars namely banginapalli and alphonso. the volatile compounds formed in mango wine were analyzed by gas chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry (gc-ms). thirty-two volatile compounds in wines were determined ...201023100826
understanding long-term fruit fly (diptera: tephritidae) population dynamics: implications for areawide management.fruit flies (diptera: tephritidae) are devastating agricultural pests worldwide but studies on their long-term population dynamics are sparse. our aim was to determine the mechanisms driving long-term population dynamics as a prerequisite for ecologically based areawide pest management. the population density of three pestiferous anastrepha species [anastrepha ludens (loew), anastrepha obliqua (macquart), and anastrepha serpentina (wiedemann)] was determined in grapefruit (citrus x paradisi macf ...201222812118
water-soluble (1→3),(1→4)-α-d-glucan from mango as a novel inducer of cariogenic biofilm-degrading enzyme.a water-soluble polysaccharide (wsp) extracted from mango (mangifera indica l.) fruits has been suggested as a new alternative to mutan for mutanase induction in trichoderma harzianum. structural analyses revealed that the purified wsp was a (1→3),(1→4)-α-d-glucan with the molecular mass of ca. 760 kda in which the (1→4)-linked and (1→3)-linked α-glcp residues were in a ratio of 1:2.4. when the strain t harzianum ccm f-340 was grown in the presence of wsp, the maximal enzyme productivity obtaine ...201323583288
effect of freeze-drying on the antioxidant compounds and antioxidant activity of selected tropical fruits.the effects of freeze-drying on antioxidant compounds and antioxidant activity of five tropical fruits, namely starfruit (averrhoa carambola l.), mango (mangifera indica l.), papaya (carica papaya l.), muskmelon (cucumis melo l.), and watermelon citruluss lanatus (thunb.) were investigated. significant (p < 0.05) differences, for the amounts of total phenolic compounds (tpc), were found between the fresh and freeze-dried fruit samples, except muskmelon. there was no significant (p > 0.05) change ...201121845104
promotion and computation of inhibitory effect on tyrosinase activity of herbal cream by incorporating indigenous medicinal plants.herbal cream imparts a chief role in regulating melanin production of skin. the phytoconstituents present in herbal cream impact biological functions of skin and contribute nutrients required for the healthy skin. in the present study, it was envisaged to prepare three batches of herbal cream (hc1, hc2 and hc3) containing ethanol extracts of emblica officinalis (fruits), daucus carota (root), mangifera indica (leaves), mentha arvensis (leaves), terminalia arjuna (bark) and cucumis sativus (fruit ...201424783796
effect of resin ducts and sap content on infestation and development of immature stages of anastrepha obliqua and anastrepha ludens (diptera: tephritidae) in four mango (sapindales: anacardiaceae) cultivars.we determined the influence of resin ducts, sap content, and fruit physicochemical features of four mango cultivars (criollo, manila, ataulfo, and tommy atkins) on their susceptibility to the attack of the two most pestiferous fruit fly species infesting mangoes in mexico: anastrepha ludens (loew) and anastrepha obliqua (macquart). we performed three studies: 1) analysis of resin ducts in mango fruit exocarp to determine the density and area occupied by resin ducts in each mango cultivar, 2) ass ...201728073981
the effects of a modified hot water treatment on anastrepha ludens (diptera: tephritidae)-infested mango.the mexican fruit fly, anastrepha ludens (loew), is a quarantine pest in mango (mangifera indica l.) that can be controlled by using a hot water treatment (hwt). this treatment is normally followed by a 30-min hydrocooling (hyc) process that reduces the negative effects that the treatment has on fruit quality. however, if hot water-treated fruits are immediately immersed in water at 21 °c, the survival rate of third-instar a. ludens may be increased. the current approved treatment protocol state ...201728073977
population structure and cryptic genetic variation in the mango fruit fly, ceratitis cosyra (diptera, tephritidae).the fruit fly ceratitis cosyra is an important agricultural pest negatively affecting the mango crop production throughout africa and also feeding on a variety of other wild and cultivated hosts. the occurrence of deeply divergent haplotypes, as well as extensive morphological variability, previously suggested possible cryptic speciation within ceratitis cosyra. here we provide the first large-scale characterisation of the population structure of ceratitis cosyra with the main objective of verif ...201526798276
niche partitioning among two ceratitis rosa morphotypes and other ceratitis pest species (diptera, tephritidae) along an altitudinal transect in central tanzania.two standard parapheromones, trimedlure (routinely used for monitoring ceratitis rosa and ceratitis capitata) and terpinyl acetate (routinely used for monitoring ceratitis cosyra) were compared with enriched ginger root oil (ego) lure for detecting and monitoring the presence and relative population abundance of these particular pest species. standard yellow fruit fly traps were used for the comparison, which was conducted at 10 sites along an altitudinal transect ranging from 540 to 1650 masl o ...201526798271
a new adult diet formulation for sterile males of anastrepha ludens and anastrepha obliqua (diptera: tephritidae).a new adult diet formulation was evaluated for sterile anastrepha ludens (loew) and anastrepha obliqua (macquart) males at the emergence and release facility of fruit flies in mexico. the formulation consists of hydrolyzed protein, sugar, juvenile hormone analogue methoprene, and water. the proportion of the ingredients between the solute (4% hydrolyzed protein and 96% sugar) and solvent (10% methoprene and 90% water) was 5:1. this new formulation was called the 1:24 formulation. the main object ...201526470310
seasonal abundance of mango fruit flies (diptera: tephritidae) and ecological implications for their management in mango and cashew orchards in benin (centre & north).we report the results of a large-scale (six orchards) and long-term (5-yr) study on seasonal population fluctuations of fruit flies (diptera tephritidae) in mango (2005-2009) and cashew (2007-2009) orchards in the borgou department, benin.during the five consecutive years of mango fruit fly monitoring, 25 tephritid species were captured including three species of bactrocera, 11 of ceratitis, and 11 of dacus, which is represented by 2,138,150 specimens in mango orchards. we observed significant d ...201526453710
status of bactrocera invadens (diptera: tephritidae) in mango-producing areas of arba minch, southwestern ethiopia.bactrocera invadens, the asian fruit fly, was first reported in kenya in 2003, and it spread fast to most tropical countries in africa. to our knowledge, there is no detailed data on the fruit damage and status of fruit flies in arba minch and elsewhere in ethiopia. hence, information on the species composition and pest status of the fruit fly species is urgent to plan management strategies in the area. fruit flies were captured using male parapheromone-baited traps. matured mango (mangifera ind ...201525612742
effect of high hydrostatic pressure on the physiology of manila mango.manila mangoes (mangifera indica l.) have sensory characteristics that make them attractive for consumption as a fresh fruit. a large portion of the annual yield of this fruit is infested by the mexican fruit fly (anastrepha ludens), adversely impacting the quality of the crop. hence, it is necessary to develop economically viable postharvest treatments to reduce the damage caused by this insect. currently, high hydrostatic pressures are used to guarantee the safety of many processed foods. the ...201323504511
evidence for potential of managing some african fruit fly species (diptera: tephritidae) using the mango fruit fly host-marking pheromone.we investigated conspecific and heterospecific oviposition host discrimination among four economically important fruit fly pests of mango in africa (ceratitis capitata, wiedemann; c. fasciventris, bezzi; c. rosa, karsch, and c. cosyra, walker) with regard to host-marking behavior and fecal matter aqueous solutions. the objective of the study was to get insight into the potential of managing these pests using the host-marking technique. observations were done on mango slices marked by the flies a ...201223356072
hot-water phytosanitary treatment against ceratitis capitata (diptera: tephritidae) in 'ataulfo' mangoes.we determined the thermal death rate constants and mortality curves for the eggs and different instars of ceratitis capitata (mediterranean fruit fly) (wiedemann) submerged in isolation in water at 44, 46, and 48 degrees c and submerged within fruits of mangifera indica (mango) (l.) in water at 43.1, 44.1, 45.1, and 46.1 degrees c. the first instar was the most tolerant to this treatment, with estimated times for achieving 99.9968% mortality of 103.28, 92.73, and 92.49 min at temperatures of 43. ...201223356057
anastrepha egg deposition induces volatiles in fruits that attract the parasitoid fopius arisanus.fopius arisanus is a solitary egg-pupal endoparasitoid that attacks several species of tephritid fruit flies, particularly bactrocera spp. this species, indigenous from the indo-australian region, was introduced into mexico for biological control purposes. from the standpoint of the 'new associations' concept this parasitoid has been evaluated against fruit flies in the anastrepha complex. we investigated the specificity of f. arisanus responses to fruits infested with two species of anastrepha. ...201323217412
effectiveness of spinosad bait sprays (gf-120) in controlling mango-infesting fruit flies (diptera: tephritidae) in benin.effectiveness of gf-120 (dow chemical) fruit fly bait containing the insecticide spinosad in controlling mango-infesting fruit flies (diptera: tephritidae) was assessed by comparing treated orchards with untreated orchards. twelve mango, mangifera indica l., plantations located in six villages (two similar orchards per village: one orchard treated and orchard untreated) scattered in the borgou department (northern benin) were monitored weekly with fly traps, and the fruit was sampled twice for l ...200919449630
electroantennographic and coupled gas chromatographic-electroantennographic responses of the mediterranean fruit fly,ceratitis capitata, to male-produced volatiles and mango odor.we have identified five compounds from the headspace of calling male mediterranean fruit flies (medfly),ceratitis capitata (wiedemann), and three compounds from the headspace of ripe mango (mangifera indica l). using coupled gas chromatographic-electroantennographic (gc-eag) recordings, coupled gas chromatographic-mass spectrometric (gc-ms) analysis, and electroantennographic (eag) assays of standards. the male-produced volatiles eliciting responses from female antennae were ethyl-(e)-3-octenoat ...199524233832
some analytical assays for the determination of bioactivity of exotic fruits.the consumption of new exotic fruits, with their high nutritional and sensory value, has significantly increased in the past few years. among the tropical fruits durian (durio zibethinus murr.) is less known than mango (mangifera indica l.) and avocado (persea americana). it has been shown that durian, mango and avocado possessed high nutritional and bioactive properties, but these data were determined using different methods. in order to obtain reliable results we investigated samples of durian ...201220183860
effect of fuel and kiln type on the polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (pah) levels in smoked shrimp, a beninese food condiment.smoked shrimp is a food condiment widely used in beninese local cooking practices. a previous study revealed that this product is highly contaminated with polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (pah). the present study explored possibilities to reduce pah levels in shrimp smoked using cottage industry smoking techniques with barrel and chorkor kilns, by replacing wood by charcoal from acacia auriculiformis and mangifera indica, as fuels. results showed that only shrimp smoked using acacia charcoal in ...201424762007
antioxidant and free radical scavenging activities of some fruits.phenols, a major group of antioxidant phytochemicals, have profound importance due to their biological and free radical scavenging activities. to identify their potential sources extracts of some fruits and their different parts were studied for total phenolic contents (tpc), antioxidant (aoa) and free radical scavenging activities (frsa). the amount of tpc varied from 10.5 (carissa carandus, fruit peel) to 343.2 mg/g (caesalpinia mexicana, fruits) and aoa from 20.3% (musa paradisiacal, fruits) ...201122754941
biological assay for thiamin of the carabao variety of philippine mango (mangifera indica l.). 194720255766
seasonal variation of leaf dust accumulation and pigment content in plant species exposed to urban particulates pollution.to assess the dust interception efficiency of some selected tree species and impact of dust deposition on chlorophyll and ascorbic acid content of leaves the present study was undertaken. the plant species selected for the study were ficus religiosa, ficus benghalensis, mangifera indica, dalbergia sissoo, psidium guajava, and dendrocalamus strictus. it was found that all species have maximum dust deposition in the winter season followed by summer and rainy seasons. chlorophyll content decreased ...200818453408
field evaluation of potential fruit-derived lures for anastrepha obliqua (diptera: tephritidae).previous studies have shown that a nine-component blend (ethyl butyrate, isopropyl butyrate, hexan-1-ol, propyl butyrate, isobutyl butyrate, ethyl hexanoate, isopentyl butyrate, ethyl benzoate, and ethyl octanoate) isolated from spondias mombin l. (anacardiaceae) fruit are attractive to both sexes of west indian fruit fly, anastrepha obliqua (macquart) (diptera: tephritidae), in laboratory and field cage tests. in this study, we evaluated the effectiveness of traps baited with the nine-component ...200920069833
cytotoxic and genotoxic effects of aqueous extracts of five medicinal plants on allium cepa linn.the cytotoxic and genotoxic effects of aqueous extracts of five medicinal plants: azadirachta indica (a. juss), morinda lucida (benth.), cymbopogon citratus (dc stapf.), mangifera indica (linn.) and carica papaya (linn.) was evaluated using the allium cepa assay. the extracts were prepared with tap water as practised locally. onion bulbs were exposed to 1, 5, 10, 25 and 50%; and 1, 2.5, 5, 10 and 20% concentrations (v/v) of each of the extracts for macroscopic and microscopic analyses, respectiv ...200717572030
contact dermatitis due to plants in chandigarh.two hundred and seven patients (151 males and 56 females) were patch tested with a battery of plants, potassium dichromate and formaldehyde. sensitivity to parthenium hysterophorus. nerium indicum, calotropis procera, eucalyptus sp and mangifera indica was found in 60.87, 23.64, 15.46 andl2.08% patients respectively. one hundred and twenty six patients (92 males and 34 females ) including five teenage girls and one 13 years old child had parthenium dermatitis. majority (74.60%) were between 30 t ...201728145295
in vitro antiplasmodial activities and synergistic combinations of differential solvent extracts of the polyherbal product, nefang.nefang, a polyherbal product composed of mangifera indica (bark and leaf), psidium guajava, carica papaya, cymbopogon citratus, citrus sinensis, and ocimum gratissimum (leaves), is a potential therapy against p. falciparum malaria. in vitro antiplasmodial activities of its constituent solvent extracts were analyzed on cq-sensitive (3d7) and multidrug resistant (dd2) p. falciparum strains. the interactions involving the differential solvent extracts were further analyzed using a variable potency ...201424877138
antioxidant potential of a polyherbal antimalarial as an indicator of its therapeutic value.nefang is a polyherbal product composed of mangifera indica (bark and leaf), psidium guajava, carica papaya, cymbopogon citratus, citrus sinensis, and ocimum gratissimum (leaves), used for the treatment of malaria. compounds with antioxidant activity are believed to modulate plasmodial infection. antioxidant activity of the constituent aqueous plants extracts, in vitro, was evaluated using the 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (dpph), total phenolic content (tpc), and ferric reducing antioxidant pow ...201324454347
a 90 day chronic toxicity study of nigerian herbal preparation das-77 in rats.the herbal preparation das-77, used for the treatment of various ailments in nigeria, contains the milled bark of mangifera indica l. and root of carica papaya l. toxicological assessment of the preparation was carried out in this study.201222892317
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