acetobacter senegalensis sp. nov., a thermotolerant acetic acid bacterium isolated in senegal (sub-saharan africa) from mango fruit (mangifera indica l.).a thermotolerant acetic acid bacterium, designated strain cwbi-b418(t), isolated in senegal from mango fruit (mangifera indica), was characterized in detail by means of genotypic and phenotypic methods. the novel strain was strictly aerobic and exhibited optimal growth on ygm medium at 35 degrees c. cells were gram-negative, motile and coccoid. the strain was assigned to the genus acetobacter on the basis of 16s rrna gene sequence analysis. dna-dna hybridization experiments with its phylogenetic ...200717625197
effects of mangifera indica l. aqueous extract (vimang) on primary culture of rat hepatocytes.vimang is an aqueous extract from stem bark of mangifera indica l. (mango) with pharmacological properties. it is a mixture of polyphenols (as main components), terpenoids, steroids, fatty acids and microelements. in the present work we studied the cytotoxic effects of vimang on rat hepatocytes, possible interactions of the extract with drug-metabolizing enzymes and its effects on gsh levels and lipid peroxidation. no cytotoxic effects were observed after 24 h exposure to vimang of up to 1000 mi ...200717651882
ecological niche of cryptococcus neoformans var. grubii and cryptococcus gattii in decaying wood of trunk hollows of living trees in jabalpur city of central india.cryptococcus neoformans var. grubii and c. gattii were repeatedly isolated from decaying wood of trunk hollows in living trees growing in jabalpur city in central india. the isolation of c. gattii has been reported from decayed wood inside trunk hollow of tamarindus indica (15.6%), mangifera indica (2.2%), pithecolobium dulce (12.5%), syzygium cumini (14%), and one from bark of s. cumini. c. n. var. grubii was isolated from decaying wood debris of t. indica (4.4%), m. indica (13.3%), terminalia ...200717661160
lack of in vivo embryotoxic and genotoxic activities of orally administered stem bark aqueous extract of mangifera indica l. (vimang).mango (mangifera indica l.) stem bark aqueous extract (msbe) is a new natural product with antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory effects known by the brand name of its formulations as vimang. previously, the oral toxicity studies of the extract showed a low toxicity potential up to 2000 mg/kg. this work reports the results about teratogenic and genotoxicologic studies of msbe. for embryotoxicity study, msbe (20, 200, or 2000 mg/kg/day) was given to sprague-dawley rats by gavage on ...200717686561
heavy metal accumulation in lichens growing in north side of lucknow city, india.accumulation of pb, fe, cr, zn, cd, ni, cu and hg metals in six common lichen species growing on mangifera indica trees in mango orchard surrounding the north side of the lucknow city, were analyzed. the study revealed the higher concentration of pb (3.3 - 15.6 microgg(-1)), cr (25.6 - 137.5 microgg(-1)), zn (49.4 - 219.7 microgg(-1)), cu (10.2 - 66.6 microgg(-1)) and fe (1748 - 19374 microgg(-1)).200717717985
biochemical parameters of plants as indicators of air the present study species like mangifera indica, linn., cassia fistula, linn., and eucalyptus hybrid were exposed to different air pollution load for short duration (active biomonitoring). variation in biochemical parameters like chlorophyll, protein, soluble sugar free amino acid, ascorbic acid, nitrate reductase, superoxide dismutase and peroxidase in the leaves were found to be pollution load dependent. these variations can be used as indicators of air pollution for early diagnosis of stre ...200717717999
an evaluation of some trinidadian plant extracts against larvae of aedes aegypti recent times, bioprospecting for plants that show bioactive properties has yielded many chemicals that can be used in controlling mosquitoes. crude extracts of 4 terrestrial and 3 mangrove plants were assayed against 2-3 larval instars of aedes aegypti. among the plants tested, cordia curassavica showed the highest levels of activity for all the extracts tested. azadirachta indica showed the least activity, whereas the 2 cultivars of mangifera indica showed substantial activity for the aqueou ...200717847850
gastroprotective effect of mangiferin, a xanthonoid from mangifera indica, against gastric injury induced by ethanol and indomethacin in search of novel gastroprotective agents, mangiferin, a naturally occurring glucosylxanthone from mangifera indica l. (anacardiaceae), was evaluated in mice on gastric injury induced by ethanol and indomethacin. the effects of mangiferin on gastric mucosal damage were assessed by determination of changes in mean gastric lesion area or ulcer score in mice and on gastric secretory volume and total acidity in 4-h pylorus-ligated rats. mangiferin (3, 10 and 30 mg/kg, p. o.) significantly attenuate ...200717918041
protection against hydrogen peroxide induced oxidative damage in rat erythrocytes by mangifera indica l. peel extract.phytochemicals such as polyphenols and carotenoids are gaining importance because of their contribution to human health and their multiple biological effects such as antioxidant, antimutagenic, anticarcinogenic and cytoprotective activities and other therapeutic properties. mango peel is a major by-product in pulp industry and it contains various bioactive compounds like polyphenols, carotenoids and others. in the present study, the protective effect of peel extracts of unripe and ripe mango fru ...200817919803
modulation of p450 enzymes by cuban natural products rich in polyphenolic compounds in rat hepatocytes.this paper reports cytotoxic effects and changes in the p450 system after exposing rat hepatocytes to four polyphenol-rich products widely used in cuban traditional medicine (mangifera indica l. (msbe), thalassia testudinum (tt), erythroxylum minutifolium and confusum extracts). effects of mangiferin, the main polyphenol in msbe, were also evaluated. cytotoxicity was assayed by the mtt test after exposure of cells to the products (50-1000 microg/ml) for 24 or 72 h. the results showed that 500 mi ...200818053976
protective effects of mangifera indica l extract (vimang), and its major component mangiferin, on iron-induced oxidative damage to rat serum and vivo preventive effects of a mangifera indica l extract (vimang) or its major component mangiferin on iron overload injury have been studied in rats given respectively, 50, 100, 250 mg kg(-1) body weight of vimang, or 40 mg kg(-1) body weight of mangiferin, for 7 days prior to, and for 7 days following the administration of toxic amounts of iron-dextran. both vimang or mangiferin treatment prevented iron overload in serum as well as liver oxidative stress, decreased serum and liver lipid pero ...200818243014
effect of mango weevil (coleoptera: curculionidae) damage on mango seed viability in tanzania.studies were conducted at the horticulture unit of sokoine university of agriculture, morogoro, tanzania, to assess the incidence and effect of mango weevil, cryptorhynchus mangiferae (f.) (coleoptera: curculionidae), infestation on mango, mangifera indica l., seed viability. three polyembryo mango cultivars ('sindano nyeusi', 'sindano nyeupe', and 'dodo') as well as three monoembryo mango cultivars ('ex-horticulture', 'tango', and 'bongwa') were collected and examined for the presence of c. man ...200818330124
host breadth and parasitoids of fruit flies (anastrepha spp.) (diptera: tephritidae) in puerto rico.twenty fruit species representing 12 families were collected from various regions in western puerto rico and monitored for the emergence of anastrepha spp. pupae. we collected 14,154 tephritid pupae from 16 fruit species representing 10 families. the relative infestations of these fruits (pupae per kilogram of fruit) were recorded. recorded host ranges were not in complete agreement with those reported in the literature. this host-use pattern should give pause to regulators of fruit importation ...200818348802
mangifera indica l. extract (vimang) and its main polyphenol mangiferin prevent mitochondrial oxidative stress in atherosclerosis-prone hypercholesterolemic mouse.atherosclerosis is linked to a number of oxidative events ranging from low-density lipoprotein (ldl) oxidation to the increased production of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ros). we have recently demonstrated that liver mitochondria isolated from the atherosclerosis-prone hypercholesterolemic ldl receptor knockout (ldlr(-/-)) mice have lower content of nadp(h)-linked substrates than the controls and, as consequence, higher sensitivity to oxidative stress and mitochondrial membrane permea ...200818450471
potential hepatoprotective effects of new cuban natural products in rat hepatocytes culture.the protective effects of five cuban natural products (mangifera indica l. (msbe), erythroxylum minutifolium, erythroxylum confusum, thalassia testudinum and dictyota pinnatifida extracts and mangiferin) on the oxidative damage induced by model toxicants in rat hepatocyte cultures were studied. cells were pre-incubated with the natural products (5-200 microg/ml) for 24 h. then hepatotoxins (tert-butyl hydroperoxide, ethanol, carbon tetrachloride and lipopolysaccharide) were individually added an ...200818502604
traditional medicinal plants of cold desert ladakh-used against kidney and urinary disorders.traditional medicine of clod desert ladakh has large potential to treat various ailments among tribal communities inhabited in the remotest region of indian subcontinent. this study was conducted to document the new ethno-medico-botanical information and traditional use of medicinal plants against kidney and urinary disorders, and thus to conserve the rapidly disappearing traditional knowledge system of amchis of ladakh.200818550306
characterization and quantitation of polyphenolic compounds in bark, kernel, leaves, and peel of mango (mangifera indica l.).the contents of secondary plant substances in solvent extracts of various byproducts (barks, kernels, peels, and old and young leaves) in a range of brazilian mango cultivars were identified and quantitated. the results show that the profiles of secondary plant substances such as xanthone c-glycosides, gallotannins, and benzophenones in different byproducts vary greatly but are fairly consistent across cultivars. the free radical scavenging activity of the solvent extracts was evaluated using a ...200818558692
analysis of the feeding habits of the swallow-tailed hummingbird, eupetomena macroura (gmelin, 1788), in an urban park in southeastern brazil.the aim of this work was to observe and describe the feeding habits and available food resources of the swallow-tailed hummingbird, eupetomena macroura. the study was carried out in a municipal park located in the city of taubaté, in the state of são paulo. the observations took place between december 2003 and october 2004, recording the following variables: 1) the plant species visited for feeding and territorial defense; 2) the kinds of food resources; and 3) the kinds of flight to procure and ...200818660974
immunomodulatory activity of plant residues on ovine neutrophils.neutrophils play an essential role in host defense and inflammation. plants have long been used to improve the immune function, but for most of them specific investigations on animal health are lacking. in the present study, water and hydroethanolic extracts from 11 plant wastes have been screened on immune responses of ovine neutrophils. eight sheep clinically healthy, not lactating, non-pregnant were selected and used for the experiment. freshly isolated neutrophils were incubated with the ext ...200818667240
synergistic effect of tincture of crataegus and mangifera indica l. extract on hyperlipidemic and antioxidant status in atherogenic rats.this study was designed to address the synergistic effect of tincture of crataegus (tcr) and mangifera indica l. (mng) extracts on the lipid and antioxidant parameters in the development of aortic lesions in diet-induced atherosclerosis in rats. tcr, is an alcoholic extract made from the berries of hawthorn, crataegus oxyacantha with flavanoids as the main constituent. mng, is an alcoholic extract made from the stem bark of mangifera indica l. with polyphenols as the main constituent. simultaneo ...200818755296
efficacy of azadirachta indica extracts against boophilus microplus.extracts were prepared from leaf, bark, and seed of azadirachta indica, leaf and seed of prunus persica, bark of mangifera indica, and leaf of psidium guajava and were evaluated against boophilus microplus. of the eight extracts screened, the extracts prepared from the a. indica seed showed very high level of efficacy (80%) after 5 h of treatment. besides the immediate effect on adult ticks, the egg-laying properties of the survived ticks was also assessed, and a significant reduction (p < 0.01) ...200818769940
inhibition of human p450 enzymes by natural extracts used in traditional medicine.different medicinal plants are widely used in cuba and mexico to treat several disorders. this paper reports in vitro inhibitory effects on the p450 system of herbal products commonly used by people in cuba and mexico in traditional medicine for decades. experiments were conducted in human liver microsomes. the catalytic activities of cyp1a1/2, 2d6, and 3a4 were measured using specific probe substrates. the heliopsis longipes extract exhibited a concentration-dependent inhibition of the three en ...200918844254
pathogenicity, internal transcribed spacer-rdna variation, and human dispersal of ceratocystis fimbriata on the family araceae.abstract ceratocystis fimbriata is a complex of many cryptic, host-specialized species that causes wilt and canker of woody species and rot diseases of storage roots and corms of many economically important plants worldwide. with the exception of the family araceae, all confirmed hosts of c. fimbriata are dicotyledonous plants. we hypothesized that the isolates from members of the family araceae would form a monophyletic lineage specialized to infect these unique hosts. analyses of sequences of ...200518943126
pathological variations within xanthomonas campestris pv. mangiferaeindicae support its separation into three distinct pathovars that can be distinguished by amplified fragment length polymorphism.abstract bacterial black spot, caused by xanthomonas campestris pv. mangiferaeindicae, is an important disease of mango (mangifera indica). several other plant genera of the family anacardiaceae were described as host species for xanthomonads. we studied pathological variations among strains in a worldwide collection from several anacardiaceae genera. strains were classified into three pathogenicity groups. group i strains (from the old world) multiplied markedly in leaf tissue of mango and cash ...200718943717
genetic variability and host specialization in the latin american clade of ceratocystis fimbriata.abstract the ceratocystis fimbriata complex includes many undescribed species that cause wilt and canker diseases of many economically important plants. phylogenetic analyses of dna sequences have delineated three geographic clades within ceratocystis fimbriata. this study examined host specialization in the latin american clade, in which a number of lineages were identified using sequences of the internal transcribed spacer (its) region of the rdna. three host-associated lineages were identifie ...200318944327
bacterial apical necrosis of mango in southern spain: a disease caused by pseudomonas syringae pv. syringae.abstract a necrotic bacterial disease of mango trees (mangifera indica) in spain affecting buds, leaves, and stems is described for the first time. necrosis of flower and vegetative buds on commercial trees during winter dormancy was the most destructive symptom of the disease. the apical necrosis is caused by pseudomonas syringae, which was always isolated from mango trees with disease symptoms. of 95 bacterial strains isolated from symptomatic tissues and characterized from 1992 to 1997, over ...199818944933
evaluation of indigenous plant extracts against larvae of culex quinquefasciatus say (diptera: culicidae).this study investigates the larvicidal potential of indigenous plant extracts from commonly used medicinal herbs as an environmentally safe measure to control the filarial vector, culex quinquefasciatus say (diptera: culicidae). the early fourth-instar larvae of c. quinquefasciatus, reared in the laboratory, were used for larvicidal assay with water, hot water, acetone, chloroform, and methanol leaf, stem-bark, and flower extracts of acacia arabica willd. sans, cedrus deodara roxb, hibiscus rosa ...200918975001
yield and quality of pectins extractable from the peels of thai mango cultivars depending on fruit ripeness.pectins, recovered from the peels of four mango ( mangifera indica l.) cultivars by mimicking industrial techniques, were evaluated in terms of yield, composition, macromolecular properties, and technofunctional quality. freeze-dried peels of mature-green fruits, after major mesocarp softening, and at full ripeness were extracted using hot acid. the pectins were precipitated in propan-2-ol and their crude yields quantified as alcohol-insoluble substance. like apple pomace, the dried peels provid ...200818980323
protective role of mangifera indica, cucumis melo and citrullus vulgaris peel extracts in chemically induced investigation was made to evaluate the pharmacological importance of fruit peel extracts of mangifera indica (mi), citrullus vulgaris (cv) and cucumis melo (cm) with respect to the possible regulation of tissue lipid peroxidation (lpo), thyroid dysfunctions, lipid and glucose metabolism. pre-standardized doses (200mg/kg of mi and 100mg/kg both of cv and cm), based on the maximum inhibition in hepatic lpo, were administered to wistar albino male rats for 10 consecutive days and the changes in ...200919059228
mangifera indica extract (vimang) impairs aversive memory without affecting open field behaviour or habituation in rats.vimang is an aqueous extract of mangifera indica l, used in cuba for the treatment of immunopathological disorders. increasing evidence from preclinical studies indicates that vimang displays antioxidant, antiallergic, analgesic and antiinflammatory actions. the present study investigated the effects of systemic administration of vimang on behavioural outcomes of neurological function in rats. a single oral administration of vimang produced an impairment of short- and long-term retention of memo ...200919107736
possible amelioration of atherogenic diet induced dyslipidemia, hypothyroidism and hyperglycemia by the peel extracts of mangifera indica, cucumis melo and citrullus vulgaris fruits in rats.hitherto unknown efficacy of the peel extracts of mangifera indica (mi), cucumis melo (cm) and citrullus vulgaris (cv) fruits in ameliorating the diet-induced alterations in dyslipidemia, thyroid dysfunction and diabetes mellitus have been investigated in rats. in one study, out of 4 different doses (50-300 mg/kg), 200 mg/kg of mi and 100 mg/kg for other two peel extracts could inhibit lipidperoxidation (lpo) maximally in liver. in the second experiment rats were maintained on pre-standardized a ...200819276533
xiphidorus amazonensis n. sp. (nematoda: longidoridae) from the brazilian amazon basin.xiphidorus amazonensis n. sp. was found in the rhizospheres of jatropha curcas, musa sp., anona muricata, cassia tora, panicum laxum, paspalum fasciculatum, aeschynomene sensitiva, saccharum officinarum, manihot esculenta, abelmoschus esculentus, tamarindus indica, mangifera indica, vigna unguiculata, zea mays, commelina sp., cyperus rotundus, fimbristylis miliacea, citrus sinensis, and eichhornia crassipes on the amazon river island of xiborena, approximately 40 km southeast of manaus, capital ...198519294098
polyphenols with antiulcerogenic action from aqueous decoction of mango leaves (mangifera indica l.).this study was designed to determine the gastroprotective effect of a mangifera indica leaf decoction (ad), on different experimental models in rodents. the administration of ad up to a dose of 5 g/kg (p.o.) did not produce any signs or symptoms of toxicity in the treated animals, while significantly decreasing the severity of gastric damage induced by several gastroprotective models. oral pre-treatment with ad (250, 500 or 1000 mg/kg) in mice and rats with gastric lesions induced by hcl/ethanol ...200919305363
antioxidant and hepatoprotective activities of thai mango seed kernel extract.three polyphenolic principles, 1,2,3,4,6-penta- o-galloyl-beta-d-glucopyranose (pgg), methyl gallate (mg), and gallic acid (ga), were isolated from the ethanolic extract of seed kernels of thai mango (mske) ( mangifera indica l. cv. "fahlun") and quantified using a tlc scanning densitometric method. the mske and its isolates were investigated by studying their antioxidant capacities using four different methods, by determining their in vitro anti-inflammatory activities, and by evaluating their ...200919326325
quantitative determination of allergenic 5-alk(en)ylresorcinols in mango (mangifera indica l.) peel, pulp, and fruit products by high-performance liquid chromatography.despite a number of serious case reports of mango dermatitis, no attempts at the identification and quantification of allergenic 5-alk(en)ylresorcinols in mango fruits have so far been made. therefore, total alk(en)ylresorcinol content and relative homologue composition in 13 mango peel samples and 7 samples of mango pulp were determined by hplc and lc-ms/ms analyses. furthermore, mango puree and nectar prepared on pilot plant scale were also analyzed and compared with commercially available the ...200919338352
molecular docking studies and anti-enzymatic activities of thai mango seed kernel extract against snake venoms.the ethanolic extract from seed kernels of thai mango (mske) (mangifera indica l. cv. 'fahlun') (anacardiaceae) and its major phenolic principle (pentagalloyl glucopyranose) exhibited dose-dependent inhibitory effects on enzymatic activities of phospholipase a(2) (pla(2)), hyaluronidase and l-amino acid oxidase (laao) of calloselasma rhodostoma (cr) and naja naja kaouthia (nk)venoms by in vitro tests. the anti-hemorrhagic and anti-dermonecrotic activities of mske against both venoms were clearly ...200919384272
in vivo acute toxicological studies of an antioxidant extract from mangifera indica l. (vimang).mango (mangifera indica l.) stem bark aqueous extract (msbe) is a natural product with antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, analgesic, and immunomodulatory effects. its formulations (e.g., tablets, capsules, syrup, vaginal oval, and suppositories) are known by the brand name of vimang. in view of the ethnomedical, preclinical, and clinical uses of this extract and the necessity to assess its possible toxicological effect on man, a toxicological analysis of a standard extract is reported in this paper ...200919514939
mangifera indica l. extract attenuates glutamate-induced neurotoxicity on rat cortical neurons.overstimulation of ionotropic glutamate receptors causes excitotoxic neuronal death contributing to neurodegenerative disorders. massive influx of calcium in excitotoxicity provokes alterations in the membrane potential of mitochondria and increases the production of reactive oxygen species. here we report that mangifera indica l. extracts (mie) prevent glutamate-induced excitotoxicity in primary cultured neurons of the rat cerebral cortex. to evaluate the effects of mie on excitotoxicity, cells ...200919591864
evidence for competitive displacement of ceratitis cosyra by the invasive fruit fly bactrocera invadens (diptera: tephritidae) on mango and mechanisms contributing to the displacement.bactrocera invadens drew, tsuruta & white (diptera: tephritidae) invaded kenya in 2003. before the arrival of b. invadens, the indigenous fruit fly species ceratitis cosyra (walker) was the predominant fruit fly pest of mango (mangifera indica l.). within 4 yr of invasion, b. invadens has displaced c. cosyra and has become the predominant fruit fly pest of mango, constituting 98 and 88% of the total population in traps and mango fruit at nguruman, respectively. we tested two possible mechanisms ...200919610411
in vitro effects of mangifera indica and polyphenols derived on abcb1/p-glycoprotein activity.many plant-derived compounds, including polyphenols, are able to affect the function of mdr-1/p-glycoprotein (p-gp abcb1) multidrug transporter, leading to potential herb-drug interactions. this study evaluated the effects of mango (mangifera indica l.) stem bark extract, msbe, and related phenols on p-gp activity in both the hk-2 proximal tubule cell line, constitutively expressing p-gp, and in a caco-2 cell sub-line selected by resistance to vincristine (caco-2/vcr) and overexpressing p-gp. th ...200919632288
antimicrobial activity of gallotannins isolated from mango ( mangifera indica l.) kernels.gallotannins were extracted from mango ( mangifera indica l.) kernels with aqueous acetone (80%, v/v) and purified using liquid-liquid extraction and two-step low-pressure liquid chromatography (lplc) on sephadex lh-20. analytical high-performance liquid chromatography and mass spectrometry confirmed the presence of hydrolyzable tannins with a degree of galloylation ranging from 4 to 9 and additionally revealed the presence of deca-, undeca-, and dodeca-o-galloylglucose. further purification usi ...200919655802
role of mangifera indica bark polyphenols on rat gastric mucosa against ethanol and cold-restraint stress.this study was carried out in order to investigate the potential and antioxidant effects of polyphenols from mangifera indica stem bark against gastric damage induced by ethanol and cold-restraint stress. the polyphenols possess good capacity for scavenging nitric oxide (no) radical and ferric-reducing antioxidant power (frap) assay in vitro. rats were sacrificed after the experiment, and their stomachs were removed for biochemical and histopathological analysis. the severity of lesions was foun ...201119753501
molecular docking studies and anti-snake venom metalloproteinase activity of thai mango seed kernel extract.snakebite envenomations cause severe local tissue necrosis and the venom metalloproteinases are thought to be the key toxins involved. in this study, the ethanolic extract from seed kernels of thai mango (mangifera indica l. cv. 'fahlun') (anacardiaceae) and its major phenolic principle (pentagalloylglucopyranose) exhibited potent and dose-dependent inhibitory effects on the caseinolytic and fibrinogenolytic activities of malayan pit viper and thai cobra venoms in in vitro tests. molecular docki ...200919783918
mangiferin prevents diabetic nephropathy progression in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats.diabetic nephropathy is one of the most severe diabetic microangiopathies and accounting for approximately one-third of all cases of end-stage renal disease. in the present study, we investigated the effect of mangiferin, a polyphenol from anemarrhena asphodeloides bge. or mangifera indica l., on diabetic nephropathy and the possible mechanisms by using a developed diabetic nephropathy rat model and cultured rat mesangial cells. serum-advanced glycation end-products level, malonaldehyde level, s ...201019960420
fractionation of gallotannins from mango (mangifera indica l.) kernels by high-speed counter-current chromatography and determination of their antibacterial activity.high-speed counter-current chromatography was applied to the separation of gallotannins from mango (mangifera indica l.) kernels. the kernels were defatted and subsequently extracted with aqueous acetone [80% (v/v)]. the crude extract was purified by being partitioned against ethyl acetate. a hexane/ethyl acetate/methanol/water solvent system [0.5:5:1:5 (v/v/v/v)] was used in the head-to-tail mode to elute tannins according to their degree of galloylation (tetra-o-galloylglucose to deca-o-galloy ...201020020695
use of lupin, lupinus perennis, mango, mangifera indica, and stinging nettle, urtica dioica, as feed additives to prevent aeromonas hydrophila infection in rainbow trout, oncorhynchus mykiss (walbaum).feeding rainbow trout, oncorhynchus mykiss (walbaum), with 1% lupin, lupinus perennis, mango, mangifera indica, or stinging nettle, urtica dioica, for 14 days led to reductions in mortality after challenge with aeromonas hydrophila. in addition, there was significant enhancement in serum bactericidal activity, respiratory burst and lysozyme activity in the treatment groups compared to the controls. use of lupin and mango led to the highest number of red blood and white blood cells in recipient f ...201020102439
effects of mangifera indica fruit extract on cognitive deficits in mice.mangos are a source of bioactive compounds with potential health-promoting activity. the present work was undertaken to evaluate the ethanolic extract of mangifera indica l. fruit on cognitive performances. the models used to study the effect on cognitive performances are step down passive avoidance task and elevated plus maze task in mice. chronic treatment (7 days) of extract and vitamin c significantly (p < 0.05) reversed the aging and scopolamine induced memory deficits in both paradigms. pr ...200920120497
antigenotoxic effect of mangiferin and changes in antioxidant enzyme levels of swiss albino mice treated with cadmium chloride.cadmium is an environmental metal toxin implicated in human diseases. mangiferin (mgn), a naturally occurring glucosylxanthone, is present in mangifera indica. in this study, the protective role of mgn against cadmium chloride (cdcl(2))-induced genotoxicity was studied in swiss albino mice. mice were administered with single intra-peritoneal (i.p.) optimal dose of mgn (2.5 mg/kg b.wt.) before treatment with various concentrations of cdcl(2) (7, 8, 9, 10 and 11 mg/kg b.wt.). the ld( 50(30)) was f ...201020150354
antimicrobial activity of some indian medicinal plants.the antimicrobial potential of seventy-seven extracts from twenty-four plants was screened against eight bacteria and four pathogenic fungi, using microbroth dilution assay. lowest concentration of the extract, which inhibits any visual microbial growth after treatment with p-iodonitrotetrazolium violet, was considered to be minimum inhibitory concentration (mic). water extracts of acacia nilotica, justicia zelanica, lantana camara and saraca asoca exhibited good activity against all the bacteri ...200720161895
a search for hepatoprotective activity of fruit extract of mangifera indica l. against oxidative stress (mangifera indica l.) and their components are commonly used in folk medicine for many curative effects. the protective effects of different concentrations of aqueous extract of mangifera indica l. fruit (mango extract) (20, 50 and 100 microg/ml) and also gallic acid (100 microm) as a pure compound in the extract were examined against oxidative stress toxicity induced by cumene hydroperoxide (chp) in isolated rat hepatocytes. the extracts and gallic acid (100 microm) protected the hepatocy ...201020204522
ecology and behavior of pezothrips kellyanus (thysanoptera: thripidae) on citrus.the most common thrips species found in cyprus citrus orchards between 2003 and 2008 were pezothrips kellyanus (bagnall) (thysanoptera: thripidae), frankliniella occidentalis (pergande) (thysanoptera: thripidae), and thrips tabaci (lindeman) (thysanoptera: thripidae). only pezothrips kellyanus, kelly's citrus thrips (kct) causes feeding damage on citrus fruits in cyprus. kct adults prefer to concentrate mostly in the northern and eastern sides of both lemon and grapefruit canopies. the attractiv ...201020214367
assessment of antioxidant capacity and cytotoxicity of selected malaysian plants.thirteen malaysian plants; artocarpus champeden, azadirachta indica, fragaria x ananassa, garcinia mangostana, lawsonia inermis, mangifera indica, nephelium lappaceum, nephelium mutobile, peltophorum pterocarpum, psidium guajava and syzygium aqueum, selected for their use in traditional medicine, were subjected to a variety of assays. antioxidant capability, total phenolic content, elemental composition, as well as it cytotoxity to several cell lines of the aqueous and ethanolic extracts from di ...201020428033
vinegar production from togolese local variety mangovi of mango mangifera indica linn. (anacardiaceae).the present study aimed to access for the physiochemical parameters of vinegar production through togolese local variety mangovi of mango mangifera indica juice fermentation. the juice was fermented successively by saccharomyces cerevisisae and acetic bacteria. the levels of ethanol and acetic acid in the juice during the production of vinegar were monitored by gas chromatography and titrimetry methods, respectively. the physiological state of the yeast saccharomyces cerevisiae l2056 was determi ...201020437702
medicinal plants used by traditional medicine practitioners for the treatment of hiv/aids and related conditions in uganda, there are over one million people with hiv/aids. when advanced, this disease is characterized by life-threatening opportunistic infections. as the formal health sector struggles to confront this epidemic, new medicines from traditional sources are needed to complement control efforts. this study was conducted to document herbal medicines used in the treatment of hiv/aids and related opportunistic infections, and to document the existing knowledge, attitudes and practices related to hi ...201020451595
molecular characterization of fusarium subglutinans associated with mango malformation.abstract mango malformation is a serious disease of mangifera indica in tropical and subtropical regions of the world. this disease is caused by fusarium subglutinans, which is also associated with diseases on many other hosts, such as pineapple, pine, maize and sugarcane. the f. subglutinans strains associated with different hosts are virtually indistinguishable using morphological characters, but can be easily differentiated using histone and beta-tubulin gene sequencing, and some have subsequ ...200020572965
in-vitro antibacterial activity of selected medicinal plants from longisa region of bomet district, kenya.current strategies to overcome the global problem of antimicrobial resistance include research in finding new and innovative antimicrobials from plants. this study was carried out to determine the antibacterial activity of plant extracts of olea africana stem-bark, psidium guajava leaves, vernonia amygdalina leaves, lantana camara leaves and mangifera indica leaves which are used in folklore medicine to treat infections of microbial origin in longisa region of bomet district, kenya.200920589160
myanmar mango landraces reveal genetic uniqueness over common cultivars from florida, india, and southeast (mangifera indica) is believed to have evolved in a large area spanning northeastern india, bangladesh, and northwestern myanmar. we compared the genetic structure of mango accessions from myanmar with that of mango accessions from florida, india, and southeast asia with 11 ssr markers. the myanmar accessions exhibited considerable genetic diversity (unbiased heterozygosity, uhe = 0.698) and a high number of private alleles. despite the low degree of genetic differentiation among accession ...201020616863
mangiferin, a dietary xanthone protects against mercury-induced toxicity in hepg2 cells.mercury is one of the noxious heavy metal environmental toxicants and is a cause of concern for human exposure. mangiferin (mgn), a glucosylxanthone found in mangifera indica, reported to have a wide range of pharmacological properties. the objective of this study was to evaluate the cytoprotective potential of mgn, against mercury chloride (hgcl(2)) induced toxicity in hepg2 cell line. the cytoprotective effect of mgn on hgcl(2) induced toxicity was assessed by colony formation assay, while ant ...201020629087
biochemical changes in plant leaves as a biomarker of pollution due to anthropogenic activity.the air pollution due to anthropogenic activities seriously affected human life, vegetation, and heritage as well. the vegetation cover in and around the city mitigates the air pollution by acting as a sink for pollution. an attempt was made to evaluate biochemical changes occurred in four selected plant species, namely azadirachta indica, mangifera indica, delonix regia, and cassia fistula of residential, commercial, and industrial areas of nagpur city in india. it was observed that the correla ...201120721619
molecular characterization and evaluation of virulence factors of cryptococcus laurentii and cryptococcus neoformans strains isolated from external hospital areas.cryptococcosis is a common opportunistic fungal infection that is mainly caused by the species cryptococcus neoformans and cryptococcus gattii, but there have recently been several reports of infection by non-neoformans cryptococcus species. the aims of this study were to genetically characterize cryptococcus spp. isolated from external hospital areas in minas gerais state, brazil, and to evaluate their pathogenic potential, analyzing their phospholipase and melanin production and the capacity f ...201020943154
anti-inflammatory effects of mangifera indica l. extract in a model of investigate the effect of aqueous extract from mangifera indica l. (mie) on dextran sulfate sodium (dss)-induced colitis in rats.201020954278
developing a systems approach for sternochetus mangiferae (coleoptera: curculionidae) in south africa.sternochetus mangiferae (f.) (coleoptera: curculionidae) is a quarantine pest of mango, mangifera indica l., in south africa. the aim of the study was to test cultural and chemical control measures in a systems approach for risk mitigation of s. mangiferae in south africa. a large-scale experiment, using a randomized block design with three replicates, was undertaken on 'tommy atkins' mangoes in south africa. five treatment combinations were applied over two seasons: (1) untreated control; (2) s ...201021061956
effective sampling range of a synthetic protein-based attractant for ceratitis capitata (diptera: tephritidae).studies were conducted in honduras to determine effective sampling range of a female-targeted protein-based synthetic attractant for the mediterranean fruit fly, ceratitis capitata (wiedemann) (diptera: tephritidae). multilure traps were baited with ammonium acetate, putrescine, and trimethylamine lures (three-component attractant) and sampled over eight consecutive weeks. field design consisted of 38 traps (over 0.5 ha) placed in a combination of standard and high-density grids to facilitate ge ...201021061993
antifungal activity of flavonoids isolated from mango (mangifera indica l.) leaves.five flavonoids, namely (-)-epicatechin-3-o-β-glucopyranoside (1), 5-hydroxy-3-(4-hydroxylphenyl)pyrano[3,2-g]chromene-4(8h)-one (2), 6-(p-hydroxybenzyl)taxifolin-7-o-β-d-glucoside (tricuspid) (3), quercetin-3-o-α-glucopyranosyl-(1 → 2)-β-d-glucopyranoside (4) and (-)-epicatechin(2-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)-3,4-dihydro-2h-chromene-3,5,7-triol (5), were isolated from the leaves of mango (mangifera indica l.). antifungal activity of these compounds was evaluated against five fungal species, namely alt ...201021108117
evaluation of lactoperoxidase system treatment to reduce anthracnose, stem-end rot, and bacterial black spot development during storage of mangoes.the lactoperoxidase system (lps) was evaluated for the prevention of postharvest diseases caused by xanthomonas campestris, botryodiplodia theobromae, and colletotrichum gloeosporioides in 'keitt' and 'kent' mangoes. the lps treatment significantly reduced the disease development on both cultivars after storage at 12 degrees c for 2 weeks, which was followed by a ripening at 25 degrees c. the lps treatment did not alter the sensory quality of mango fruits (color, firmness, titrable acidity, and ...200521132977
two new species of fusarium section liseola associated with mango malformation is an economically important disease of mangifera indica globally. a recent dna-based study indicated that two distinct, phylogenetic lineages previously identified as fusarium subglutinans are associated with this disease in south africa. the objective of this study was to characterize fusarium isolates associated with mango malformation, including the two different f. subglutinans groups, based on morphological characteristics. for this purpose we examined fusarium strains i ...200221156544
patterns of sugar feeding and host plant preferences in adult males of an. gambiae (diptera: culicidae).sugar feeding by male mosquitoes is critical for their success in mating competition. however, the facets of sugar source finding under natural conditions remain unknown. here, evidence obtained in western burkina faso indicated that the distribution of an. gambiae s.s. (m and s molecular forms) males across different peri-domestic habitats is dependent on the availability of potential sugar sources from which they obtain more favorable sites for feeding or resting. among field-collected anophel ...201021175931
genetic variation and variation in aggressiveness to native and exotic hosts among brazilian populations of ceratocystis fimbriata.ceratocystis fimbriata is a complex of many species that cause wilt and cankers on woody plants and rot of storage roots or corms of many economically important crops worldwide. in brazil, c. fimbriata infects different cultivated crop plants that are not native to brazil, including gmelina arborea, eucalyptus spp., mangifera indica (mango), ficus carica (fig), and colocasia esculenta (inhame). phylogenetic analyses and inoculation studies were performed to test the hypothesis that there are hos ...201121190423
screening of certain medicinal plants from india for their anti-quorum sensing activity.discovery of quorum sensing (qs) system to coordinate virulence and biofilm formation in bacterial pathogens has triggered search for safe, stable and non-toxic anti-qs compounds from natural products. ethanolic extracts of 24 indian medicinal plants were tested by agar well and disc diffusion assay for anti-qs activity using chromobacterium violaceum (cv12472 and cvo26) reporter strains. ahl from c. violaceum cv31532 was isolated and partially purified for its use in cvo26 based bioassay. effec ...201021250604
potent α-amylase inhibitory activity of indian ayurvedic medicinal plants.indian medicinal plants used in the ayurvedic traditional system to treat diabetes are a valuable source of novel anti-diabetic agents. pancreatic α-amylase inhibitors offer an effective strategy to lower the levels of post-prandial hyperglycemia via control of starch breakdown. in this study, seventeen indian medicinal plants with known hypoglycemic properties were subjected to sequential solvent extraction and tested for α-amylase inhibition, in order to assess and evaluate their inhibitory po ...201121251279
inhibitory spectra and modes of antimicrobial action of gallotannins from mango kernels (mangifera indica l.).this study investigated the antimicrobial activities and modes of action of penta-, hexa-, hepta-, octa-, nona-, and deca-o-galloylglucose (gallotannins) isolated from mango kernels. the mics and minimum bactericidal concentrations (mbcs) against food-borne bacteria and fungi were determined using a critical dilution assay. gram-positive bacteria were generally more susceptible to gallotannins than were gram-negative bacteria. the mics of gallotannins against bacillus subtilis, bacillus cereus, ...201121317249
antimycobacterial activities of selected medicinal plants from zimbabwe against mycobacterium aurum and corynebacterium glutamicum.the spread of multi-drug resistant tuberculosis necessitates the discovery of new classes of antibacterials and compounds that inhibit macromolecules involved in these resistant mechanisms. thirty ethanol extracts from nineteen selected plants from zimbabwe were screened against mycobacterium aurum and corynebacterium glutamicum using the agar disk diffusion method. these two organisms were used as models for mycobacterium tuberculosis. the amount of ciprofloxacin accumulated and effluxed by the ...201021399602
indonesian propolis: chemical composition, biological activity and botanical origin.from a biologically active extract of indonesian propolis from east java, 11 compounds were isolated and identified: four alk(en)ylresorcinols (obtained as an inseparable mixture) (1-4) were isolated for the first time from propolis, along with four prenylflavanones (6-9) and three cycloartane-type triterpenes (5, 10 and 11). the structures of the components were elucidated based on their spectral properties. all prenylflavanones demonstrated significant radical scavenging activity against diphe ...201121409722
lipid peroxidation inhibition and antiradical activities of some leaf fractions of mangifera indica.this study was undertaken to assess in vitro lipid peroxidation inhibitions and anti-radical activities of methanolic, chloroform, ethyl acetate and water fractions of mangifera indica leaf. inhibition of fe(2+)-induced lipid peroxidation (lpo) in egg, brain, and liver homogenates, 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (dpph) and hydroxyl (oh-) radical scavenging activities were evaluated. total phenol was assessed in all fractions, and the reducing power of methanolic fraction was compared to gallic ac ...201121485698
bioactivity of mango flesh and peel extracts on peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ[pparγ] activation and mcf-7 cell proliferation: fraction and fruit variability.mangos are a source of bioactive compounds with potential health promoting activity. biological activities associated with mango fractions were assessed in cell-based assays to develop effective extraction and fractionation methodologies and to define sources of variability. two techniques were developed for extraction and fractionation of mango fruit peel and flesh. liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (lc-ms) was used to assess compositional differences between mango fractions in flesh extr ...201121535682
ameliorating effects of mango (mangifera indica l.) fruit on plasma ethanol level in a mouse model assessed with h-nmr based metabolic profiling.the ameliorating effects of mango (mangifera indica l.) flesh and peel samples on plasma ethanol level were investigated using a mouse model. mango fruit samples remarkably decreased mouse plasma ethanol levels and increased the activities of alcohol dehydrogenase and acetaldehyde dehydrogenase. the (1)h-nmr-based metabolomic technique was employed to investigate the differences in metabolic profiles of mango fruits, and mouse plasma samples fed with mango fruit samples. the partial least square ...201121562641
permanent genetic resources added to molecular ecology resources database 1 april 2010 - 31 may 2010.this article documents the addition of 396 microsatellite marker loci to the molecular ecology resources database. loci were developed for the following species: anthocidaris crassispina, aphis glycines, argyrosomus regius, astrocaryum sciophilum, dasypus novemcinctus, delomys sublineatus, dermatemys mawii, fundulus heteroclitus, homalaspis plana, jumellea rossii, khaya senegalensis, mugil cephalus, neoceratitis cyanescens, phalacrocorax aristotelis, phytophthora infestans, piper cordulatum, pte ...201021565124
bioconversion of agricultural waste to ethanol by ssf using recombinant cellulase from clostridium thermocellum.the effect of different pretreatment methods, temperature, and enzyme concentration on ethanol production from 8 lignocellulosic agrowaste by simultaneous saccharification and fermentation (ssf) using recombinant cellulase and saccharomyces cerevisiae were studied. recombinant cellulase was isolated from e. coli bl21 cells transformed with ctlic26a-cel5-cbm11 full-length gene from clostridium thermocellum and produced in both batch and fed-batch processes. the maximum cell od and specific activi ...201121811671
anti-venom potential of aqueous extract of stem bark of mangifera indica l. against daboia russellii (russell's viper) venom.several plant extracts rich in pharmacologically active compounds have shown to antagonize venom of several species. mangifera indica has been used against snakebite by the traditional healers. however, there is paucity of scientific data in support. in this study, we evaluated the antivenom potential of aqueous extract of stem bark of m. indica against d. russellii venom-induced pharmacological effects such as life myotoxicity, edema, ld50 etc. the extract inhibited the phospholipase, protease, ...201121793309
the inhibitory potential of thai mango seed kernel extract against methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus.plant extracts are a valuable source of novel antibacterial compounds to combat pathogenic isolates of methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus (mrsa), a global nosocomial infection. in this study, the alcoholic extract from thai mango (mangifera indica l. cv. 'fahlun') seed kernel extract (mske) and its phenolic principles (gallic acid, methyl gallate and pentagalloylglucopyranose) demonstrated potent in vitro antibacterial activity against staphylococcus aureus and 19 clinical mrsa isolates ...201121788933
anti-enteric bacterial activity and phytochemical analysis of the seed kernel extract of mangifera indica linnaeus against shigella dysenteriae (shiga, corrig.) castellani and evaluate the phytochemical and anti-bacterial efficacy of the seed kernel extract of mangifera indica (m. indica) against the enteropathogen, shigella dysenteriae (s. dysenteriae), isolated from the diarrhoeal stool specimens.201121771473
antioxidant activity of phenolic and flavonoid compounds in some medicinal plants of this study, total phenolics, flavonoids and vitamin c content vis-a-vis antioxidant activities were assayed in leaves and stem bark of azadirachta indica, butea monosperma, cassia fistula, mangifera indica, syzygium cumini and tamarindus indica using the 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (dpph) and superoxide radical scavenging method. the dpph radical scavenging activity positively correlated with the total phenolic content in both stem bark and leaf. superoxide radical scavenging activity incre ...201121726132
antimicrobial screening of ethnobotanically important stem bark of medicinal plants.the stem barks are the rich sources of tannins and other phenolic compounds. tannins inhibited the growth of various fungi, yeast, bacteria and virus. hence, ten stem barks of ethnomedicinally important plants were screened for antibacterial and antifungal activities against human pathogenic strains.201021808577
Anastrepha ludens and Anastrepha serpentina (Diptera: Tephritidae) do not infest Psidium guajava (Myrtaceae), but Anastrepha obliqua occasionally shares this resource with Anastrepha striata in nature.This study examined whether economically important fruit fly species Anastrepha ludens (Loew), Anastrepha serpentina (Wiedemann), and Anastrepha obliqua (Macquart) (Diptera: Tephritidae) may opportunistically exploit guavas, Psidium guajava L. (Myrtaceae), growing near preferred natural hosts. We collected 3,459 kg of guavas and 895 kg of other known host species [sour orange, Citrus aurantium L.; grapefruit, Citrus paradisi Macfadyen; mango, Mangifera indica L.; white sapote, Casimiroa edulis L ...201121882684
mangifera indica l. extract (vimang) and mangiferin reduce the airway inflammation and th2 cytokines in murine model of allergic asthma.the aim was to study the effects of mangifera indica extract and its major component mangiferin on lung inflammation response and th2 cytokine production using a murine experimental model of allergic asthma.201121899550
mangiferin decreases inflammation and oxidative damage in rat brain after stress.purpose: stress exposure elicits neuroinflammation and oxidative damage in brain, and stress-related neurological and neuropsychiatric diseases have been associated with cell damage and death. mangiferin (mag) is a polyphenolic compound abundant in the stem bark of mangifera indica l. with antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties in different experimental settings. in this study, the capacity of mag to prevent neuroinflammation and brain oxidative damage induced by stre ...201121986672
Endophytic and pathogenic Phyllosticta species, with reference to those associated with Citrus Black Spot.We investigated the identity and genetic diversity of more than 100 isolates belonging to Phyllosticta (teleomorph Guignardia), with particular emphasis on Phyllosticta citricarpa and Guignardia mangiferae s.l. occurring on Citrus. Phyllosticta citricarpa is the causal agent of Citrus Black Spot and is subject to phytosanitary legislation in the EU. This species is frequently confused with a taxon generally referred to as G. mangiferae, the presumed teleomorph of P. capitalensis, which is a non- ...201122025803
antidiarrhoeal activity of das-77 (a herbal preparation).das-77 is a traditional herbal preparation composed of the young callous bark of mango (mangifera indica linn., anacardiaceae) and the dried root of pawpaw (carica papaya linn., caricaceae). this phytomedicine is claimed to have beneficial effects in the treatment of gastrointestinal disorders, including diarrhoea.201123175899
salicylic acid induces changes in mango fruit that affect oviposition behavior and development of the oriental fruit fly, bactrocera dorsalis.the oriental fruit fly, bactrocera dorsalis (hendel) is an important quarantine pest around the globe. although measures for its control are implemented worldwide through ipm and male annihilation, there is little effect on their population. hence, there is a need for new strategies to control this minacious pest. a strategy that has received negligible attention is the induction of 'natural plant defenses' by phytohormones. in this study, we investigated the effect of salicylic acid (sa) treatm ...201526422203
biodegradation of selected nigerian fruit peels by the use of a non-pathogenic rhizobium species cwp g34b.this study was carried out to determine the ability of rhizobium species cwp g34b to degrade the peels of selected nigerian fruits. the potential of the bacterium to digest some carbon sources (lactose, maltose, sucrose and mannitol) and peels of some nigerian fruits (pineapple, orange, plantain, banana, pawpaw and mango fruits) was investigated by growing the organism on the substances separately after which dnsa reagent method was used to quantify glucose released into the medium. the results ...201223166567
an oxidoreductase from 'alphonso' mango catalyzing biosynthesis of furaneol and reduction of reactive carbonyls.two furanones, furaneol (4-hydroxy-2,5-dimethyl-3(2h)-furanone) and mesifuran (2,5-dimethyl-4-methoxy-3(2h)-furanone), are important constituents of flavor of the alphonso cultivar of mango (mangifera indica). to get insights into the biosynthesis of these furanones, we isolated an enone oxidoreductase gene from the alphonso mango. it has high sequence similarity to an alkenal/one oxidoreductase from cucumber (79% identity) and enone oxidoreductases from tomato (73% identity) and strawberry (72% ...201324133645
current status of tropical fruit breeding and genetics for three tropical fruit species cultivated in japan: pineapple, mango, and papaya.tropical fruit crops are predominantly produced in tropical and subtropical developing countries, but some are now grown in southern japan. pineapple (ananas comosus), mango (mangifera indica) and papaya (carica papaya) are major tropical fruits cultivated in japan. modern, well-organized breeding systems have not yet been developed for most tropical fruit species. most parts of japan are in the temperate climate zone, but some southern areas such as the ryukyu islands, which stretch from kyushu ...201627069392
anti-mosquito plants as an alternative or incremental method for malaria vector control among rural communities of bagamoyo district, tanzania.plants represent one of the most accessible resources available for mosquito control by communities in tanzania. however, no documented statistics exist for their contribution in the management of mosquitoes and other insects except through verbal and some publications. this study aimed at assessing communities' knowledge, attitudes and practices of using plants as an alternative method for mosquito control among selected communities in a malaria-prone area in tanzania.201425015092
plant-mediated effects on mosquito capacity to transmit human malaria.the ecological context in which mosquitoes and malaria parasites interact has received little attention, compared to the genetic and molecular aspects of malaria transmission. plant nectar and fruits are important for the nutritional ecology of malaria vectors, but how the natural diversity of plant-derived sugar sources affects mosquito competence for malaria parasites is unclear. to test this, we infected anopheles coluzzi, an important african malaria vector, with sympatric field isolates of ...201627490374
evaluation of therapeutic potentials of plant extracts against poultry bacteria threatening public health.plant extracts were evaluated on poultry bacteria known to be threatening public health. this is to develop better bio-therapeutic agents from plant origin.201627782860
a comparative study on the effect of plant extracts with the antibiotics on organisms of hospital origin.thirty five plants belonging to twenty families were studied for their antimicrobial activity. among the plants tested, 43 % showed antimicrobial activity. fifteen plants belonging to 10 families exhibited activity against gram positive bacteria and gram negative bacteria. four plants namely azadirachta indica, garadenia jasminoides, magnifera indica, and wrightia tinctora showed an appreciable activity against the gram positive bacteria and seven plants against gram negative organisms. leaf ext ...200622557227
phytoextracts-synthesized silver nanoparticles inhibit bacterial fish pathogen aeromonas disease is a major stumbling block towards sustainable growth of the fisheries sector. aeromonas hydrophila, which is a major infectious aquatic pathogen is reportedly the causative agent of ulcers, fin-rot, tail-rot, hemorrhagic septicemia in fish, and has reportedly developed resistance against many of the available antibiotics. in this context, the inhibitory function of silver nanoparticles (agnps) against a. hydrophila was studied to evaluate its possible application in aquaculture as ...201324426148
bioethanol production from leafy biomass of mango (mangifera indica) involving naturally isolated and recombinant enzymes.the present study describes the usage of dried leafy biomass of mango (mangifera indica) containing 26.3% (w/w) cellulose, 54.4% (w/w) hemicellulose, and 16.9% (w/w) lignin, as a substrate for bioethanol production from zymomonas mobilis and candida shehatae. the substrate was subjected to two different pretreatment strategies, namely, wet oxidation and an organosolv process. an ethanol concentration (1.21 g/l) was obtained with z. mobilis in a shake-flask simultaneous saccharification and ferme ...201323768115
a novel antibacterial and antifungal phenolic compound from the endophytic fungus pestalotiopsis mangiferae.a novel phenolic compound, 4-(2,4,7-trioxa-bicyclo[4.1.0]heptan-3-yl) phenol (1), was isolated from pestalotiopsis mangiferae, an endophytic fungus associated with mangifera indica linn. the structure of the compound was elucidated on the basis of comprehensive spectral analysis (uv, ir, ¹h-, ¹³c- and 2d-nmr, as well as hresi-ms). compound (1) shows potent antibacterial and antifungal activity against bacillus subtilis, klebsiella pneumoniae, escherichia coli, micrococcus luteus, pseudomonas aer ...201322950879
investigating alternatives to traditional insecticides: effectiveness of entomopathogenic fungi and bacillus thuringiensis against citrus thrips and avocado thrips (thysanoptera: thripidae).citrus thrips, scirtothrips citri (moulton) (thysanoptera: thripidae), is a plant-feeding pest most widely recognized for causing damage to citrus (citrus spp. l. [rutaceae]) and mango (mangifera indica l. [anacardiaceae]) fruits. this insect has recently broadened its known host range to become a significant pest of california grown blueberries. avocado thrips, scirtothrips. perseae nakahara (thysanoptera: thripidae), is a recent, invasive pest of california avocados, persea americana mill. (la ...201323448016
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