PMID(sorted ascending)
physiology and biochemistry of mango fruit. 19751098417
polyphenolics of twenty local varieties of mangifera indica. 19751197414
the effects of low-dose gamma-irradiation on the wholesomeness of mangoes (mangifera indica) as determined by short-term feeding studies using rats.1. a control diet and diets containing 150 g non-irradiated or 150 g irradiated mangopulp/kg were given to female rats from day 15 of the gestation period until weaning in trials 1 and 2, and from 40 d before mating until 28 d post weaning in trial 3. 2. food intake and dry-matter digestibility were similar with all diets. 3. there were no significant differences between animals given the different dietary regimens in the daily body-weight changes of weanling males, pups, nursing females or fema ...19761244845
efficacy of massive oral doses of retinyl palmitate and mango (mangifera indica l.) consumption to correct an existing vitamin a deficiency in senegalese children.administration of large oral doses of retinyl palmitate has become the most widely practised vitamin a deficiency prevention strategy in developing countries. we conducted a follow-up study among 220 senegalese children aged 2-7 years suffering from moderate undernutrition to determine the efficacy of vitamin a treatment on their vitamin a status assessed by biochemical and cytological (impression cytology with transfer) methods. the first examination (t = 0 m[onth]) was carried out during april ...19921445831
[allergological study of pollen of mango (magnifera indica) and cross reactivity with pollen of piru (schinus molle)].with immediate skin test, we studied hypersensitivity to pollen of mango (magnifera indica), and its probability cross-sensitivity to pollen of pirú (schinus molle), from anacardaceae class. we have made one extract of magnifera indica, with 0.485 mg per 100, of protein nitrogen. with this extract we carry out skin test on non-atopic subjects and atopic subjects with bronchial asthma and or allergy rhinitis and common stock of aerealergen. (freeman stock). we studied seventy-one subjects, both s ...20061792479
incidence of heat-resistant fungi in nsukka, southern nigeria.a total of 42 soil samples collected from different parts of nsukka, southern nigeria, and 20 freshly plucked mango fruits were screened for the presence of heat-resistant fungi. each soil sample, suspended in sterile water, and washings from each mango fruit were separately heated at 70 degrees c for 1 h before plating on double-strength potato dextrose agar containing chloramphenicol and incubating at approx. 28 degrees c. approximately 98% of all soil samples and 17% of mango fruits contained ...19911909547
[anti-infective phytotherapies of the tree-savannah, senegal (occidental africa). iii: a review of phytochemical substances and the antimicrobial activity of 43 species].a review has been made of the ethnobotanical and pharmacological data of 43 medicinal plants of the tree-savannah used by the diola against infectious diseases. the traditional use of ten plants can be explained by pharmacologically active principles: adansonia digitata, azadirachta indica, carica papaya, cassia tora, fagara leprieurii, guiera senegalensis, khaya senegalensis, mangifera indica, psidium guajava and voacanga africana. four of these herbs are recommended for use in primary health c ...19892664354
folklore therapeutic indigenous plants in periodontal disorders in india (review, experimental and clinical approach).though a number of plants and their parts are used for dental ailments among population in rural and urban areas of developing countries, in india however, the most common house-hold, road-side plants are mango (mangifera indica), neem (azadirachta indica; melia azadirachta), ocimum (ocimum basilicum), tea-dust (camellia sinensis) and uncommonly murayya, i.e., currey leaf (murayya koenigi) [chopra et al. 1958, kirtikar and basu 1935, nadakarni 1954, satyavati 1984]. the leaves of these plants ar ...19883042642
lectin agglutination of thermophilic campylobacter species.agglutination tests with lectins indicated differences in the surface composition of strains of the thermophilic (optimum temperature 42 degrees c) campylobacter species c. coli, c. faecalis, c. hyointestinalis, c. jejuni and c. laridis. all strains examined were agglutinated by the protein-reactive agglutinins of mangifera indica (mango) and persea americana (avocado) and a large proportion was also agglutinated by the carbohydrate-reactive lectins of canavalia ensiformis (jack bean) and tritic ...19873439012
the effects of fruit juices and fruits on the absorption of iron from a rice meal.the effects of the chemical composition of fruit juices and fruit on the absorption of iron from a rice (oryza sativa) meal were measured in 234 parous indian women, using the erythrocyte utilization of radioactive fe method. the corrected geometric mean fe absorptions with different juices varied between 0.040 and 0.129, with the variation correlating closely with the ascorbic acid contents of the juices (rs 0.838, p less than 0.01). ascorbic acid was not the only organic acid responsible for t ...19873593665
[volatile acids in tropical fruits: cherimoya (annona cherimolia, mill.), guava (psidium guajava, l.), mango (mangifera indica, l., var. alphonso), papaya (carica papaya, l.)].the volatile acids extracted by pentane/dichloromethane (2 + 1) from tropical fruit pulps were identified and determined by capillary gas chromatography (hrgc) and combined capillary gas chromatography-mass spectrometry using ei- and ci mode (hrgc-ei/cims). in cherimoya (a. cherimolia, mill.) fruit pulp 47 acids were characterized; major compounds were hexanoic (3 mg/kg) and octanoic (1 mg/kg) acid. fifty one acids were identified in guava (p. guajava, l.), 54 in mango (m, indica, l., var. alpho ...19854013523
isolation & characterization of a carotenoid-protein complex from mangifera indica (mango). 19664227366
[biochemical aspects of resistance mechamism of mango (mangifera indica l. to ceratocystis fimbriata ell. & hals]. 19744461018
relationship of aroma and flavour characteristics of mango (mangifera indica l.) to fatty acid composition. 19734771838
an unusual citrate synthase from mango fruit. 19715123209
citrate cleavage enzyme in mango fruit. 19705423830
phenolic components, plant- and amino-acids of mangifera indica. v. 19705439753
phenolic components of mangifera indica. iv. 19705441608
the gallotannins of rhus coriaria and mangifera indica. 19715573546
phenolic components of mangifera indica. ii. 19655826185
the interaction of brucella cell surface components with plant agglutinins.cells of all brucella species were agglutinated by the basic protein-reactive lectins of mangifera indica and persea americana. cells of non-smooth strains including b. ovis and b. canis but not smooth strains were also agglutinated by concanavalin a. these lectins also reacted in a similar pattern with lipopolysaccharide extracts of these organisms. the lectin from bandeiraea simplicifolia precipitated with the lipopolysaccharide antigens of smooth brucella organisms and with those of serologic ...19846208071
[food allergy: the celery-mugwort-spice syndrome. association with mango allergy?].celery allergies are commonly observed in mugwort pollen-allergic patients. this situation is frequently associated with an allergy to spices of the umbelliferous family. thus a "celery-mugwort-spice syndrome" has been established. in 31 patients (27 females, 4 males) allergy to celery was diagnosed between 1978 and 1982. they were followed up in 1983 and complementary tests (skin and rast) with various raw vegetables, spices and mugwort pollen were done. for specific diagnosis of allergy to cel ...19846734454
differentiation of coagulase-positive and coagulase-negative staphylococci by lectins and plant agglutinins.the screening of staphylococci with a panel of 14 lectins and extracts demonstrating lectin-like activity led to the development of a rapid agglutination slide test for the differentiation of certain coagulase-negative staphylococci and human strains of staphylococcus aureus. the coagulase-negative staphylococci were agglutinated by agglutinins from mangifera indica, triticum vulgaris, and crude limulus polyphemus. the test is rapid, requiring only 5 to 15 min to identify an unknown strain of st ...19827068834
biochemical changes in mango after infection with rhizoctonia bataticola.rhizoctonia bataticola is responsible for the spoilage of mango fruits (mangifera india) during post-harvest preservation and storage. culture of r. bataticola exhibited significant pectinase and cellulase activity. in rhizoctonia-infected fruits an increase of protease and cellulase activity, and a decrease in certain enzymes of carbohydrate metabolism, were observed in comparison to healthy fruits.19807379908
peroxisomal thiolase mrna is induced during mango fruit ripening.fruit ripening is a complex, developmentally regulated process. a series of genes have been isolated from various ripening fruits encoding enzymes mainly involved in ethylene and cell wall metabolism. in order to aid our understanding of the molecular basis of this process in a tropical fruit, a cdna library was prepared from ripe mango (mangifera indica l. cv. manila). by differential screening with rna poly(a)+ from unripe and ripe mesocarp a number of cdnas expressing only in ripe fruit have ...19957640354
agglutination of pyv+ yersinia enterocolitica strains by agglutinin from mangifera indica.agglutination of 271 strains of yersinia enterocolitica and related species grown at 37 degrees c by a 0.01% dilution of the agglutinin from mangifera indica was correlated with the presence of the virulence plasmid. the study of yada mutants suggested that the yada protein is the target of the plant agglutinin.19957751396
beta-galactosidase and its significance in ripening mango fruit.the fruit extracts of ripening cv. harumanis mango contained a number of glycosidases and glycanases. among the glycosidases, beta-d-galactosidase (ec appeared to be the most significant. the enzyme activity increased in parallel with increase in tissue softness during ripening. mango beta-galactosidase was fractionated into three isoforms, viz. beta-galactosidase i, ii and iii by a combination of chromatographic procedures on deae-sepharose cl-6b, cm-sepharose and sephacryl s-200 colu ...19957766393
[in vitro effect against giardia of 14 plant extracts].to investigate antigiardiasic activity in plants used in mexico as antidiarrheics and/or antiparasitics.19947839013
[antiviral activity of mangiferin against herpes simplex virus type 2 in vitro].the effect of mangiferin, a tetrahydroxy pyrrolidone saponin extracted from the leaves of mango (mangifera indica), against herpes simplex virus type 2 (hsv-2) in vitro was studied. the 50% effective concentration (ec50) of it against hsv-2 plaque formation in hela cells was 111.7, and the concentrations of 33 and 80 reduced the virus replicative yields by 90% (ec90) and 99% (ec99), respectively. the therapeutic index (ic50/ec50) was 8.1. mangiferin did not direct ...19938010041
partial purification of tumour reducing principle from helicanthis elasticus (fam. loranthaceae).extracts from plants of loranthaceae family collected from 15 host trees were screened for their cytocidal activity to tumour cells. biologically active extracts prepared from helicanthis elasticus grown on mangifera indica and citrus maxima (host trees) were partially purified by the gel filtration method. the purified material was found to be cytotoxic in vitro and reduced solid and ascites tumours in mice when given either simultaneously or prophylactically. the partially purified material wa ...19948019988
rosid affinities of surianaceae: molecular evidence.nucleotide sequences of the chloroplast gene, rbcl, were obtained for suriana maritima, cadellia pentastylis, guilfoylia monostylis, stylobasium australe, quassia amara, brucea mollis, cupaniopsis anacardioides, mangifera indica, connarus conchocarpus, and comesperma ericinum. phylogenetic analyses of these, along with published sequences of representatives of rosid families, support the monophyly of the surianaceae sensu cronquist and provide evidence of an affinity with the polygalaceae and fa ...19938049783
cis-9,cis-15-octadecadienoic acid: a novel fatty acid found in higher unusual fatty acid, cis-9,cis-15-octadecadienoic acid, has been identified in the pulp lipids of mango (mangifera indica l.) grown in the philippines. to our knowledge, the occurrence of cis-9,cis-15-octadecadienoic acid in higher plant lipids has not been previously reported. the structure confirmation was based on the results of chromatographic (capillary gc, argentation thin-layer) and spectrometric (gc-ms, infrared, ultraviolet) analysis and chemical treatment. this butylene-interrupted d ...19938218342
new saponins from mangifera indica.two new terpenoidal saponins, indicoside a [1] and indicoside b [2], were isolated from mangifera indica. their structures were determined as 28-hydroxylupa-12,20(29)-diene-3-o-[beta-glucopyranosyl-(1-->2)] [-beta-glucopyranosyl-(1-->3)]-alpha-l-arabinopyranoside [1] and 28-hydroxylupa-12,20(29)-diene-3-o-[beta-glucopyranosyl-(1-->3)-al pha-l-rhamnopyranosyl-(1-->2)][beta-glucopyranosyl(1-->3)]-alpha-l- arabinopyranoside [2] on the basis of chemical and spectroscopic studies.19938326325
carotenoid-protein complexes.this chapter provides an updated report of carotenoprotein-related research. very few carotenoproteins have been purified; however, their presence in aqueous extracts may be indicated by spectroscopic evidence. carotenoproteins have been isolated, purified, and characterized from the ectoderm, exoskeleton, eggs, and ovaries of marine invertebrates, especially crustaceans. water-soluble and detergent-soluble carotenoid-protein complexes have also been isolated from the cytoplasmic membrane of som ...19938469154
effects of freezing preservation on dietary fibre content of mango (mangifera indica l.) fruit. 19958549541
alternative oxidase from mango (mangifera indica, l.) is differentially regulated during fruit ripening.alternative oxidase is a respiratory-chain component of higher plants and fungi that catalyzes cyanide-resistant oxygen consumption. the activity of a alternative oxidase has been detected during ripening in several climacteric fruit including mango (mangifera indica l.). synthetic oligonucleotides, corresponding to conserved regions of the sauromatum guttatum and arabidopsis thaliana nucleotide sequences, were used as primers for polymerase chain reaction to amplify genomic dna extracted from m ...19958555961
[microbiological quality of street sold fruits in san josé, costa rica].the sanitary quality of street sold fruits was analyzed during the period from march 1990 thru march 1993 in san jose, costa rica. it looked for the presence of salmonella spp. shigella spp., escherichia coli as well as fecal coliforms in natural refreshments, fruit salads and the fruits most frecuently expended on streets, either in slices as the pineapple (ananas comosus), papaya (carica papaya), non-ripe mangoe (mangifera indica) and watermelon (citrullus vulgaris) and those that can be eaten ...19958729262
mango dermatitis: allergic contact dermatitis to mangifera dermatitis' is the common term given to allergic contact dermatitis to the sap or skin of the fruit of mangifera indica. four patients presented with urticaria and eczematous rash following exposure to mangoes or the trees. patch testing with diluted sap, crushed leaf, crushed stem and fruit skin was strongly positive.19968936077
a rab11-like gene is developmentally regulated in ripening mango (mangifera indica l.) fruit.a full-length cdna clone from mango (mangifera indica l.) fruit has homology to the rab11/ypt3 class of small gtpases. the corresponding mrna is expressed in fruit, only during ripening. the likely involvement of this rabx protein in trafficking cell-wall modifying enzymes through the trans-golgi network is discussed.19968982274
a review of implications of antiquality and toxic components in unconventional feedstuffs advocated for use in intensive animal production in nigeria.there are a number of unconventional feed resources in nigeria. most are rich sources of plant protein. since protein is the most expensive and limiting nutrient in tropical livestock nutrition, these unconventional feed resources may fill a gap in protein deficiency. however, most contain antiquality and toxic components which make them unsafe as protein and carbohydrate sources in livestock nutrition. the presence of saponins, lectins, tannins, trypsin inhibitors, cyanogenic glucoside and othe ...19989467208
protein kinase activities in ripening mango, mangifera indica l., fruit tissue. i: purification and characterization of a calcium-stimulated casein kinase-i.a ca(2+)-stimulated protein kinase (pk-i), active with dephosphorylated casein as exogenous substrate, was purified from ripening mango fruit. the purification procedure involved 30-70% ammonium sulphate fractionation and sequential anion exchange-, affinity-, hydrophobic interaction- and gel filtration chromatography. pk-i was purified ca. 40-fold with an overall yield of < 1%. the final specific activity in the presence of 0.1 mm ca2+ was 55 nmol min-1 mg-1. analysis of the most highly purifie ...19989507068
[evaluation of the usefulness of the agglutination test with mangifera indica extract for the identification of pathogenic yersinia enterocolitica strains].the study was performed on 137 y. enterocolitica strains belonging to various serological groups, including 75 03 group strains isolated form human clinical material. the agglutination test on slides was carried out on this strains using mangifera indica extract of own production. agglutinating preparation obtained from the seeds of m. indica agglutinated y. enterocolitica organisms possessing the pvy plasmid and crmox+ phenotype in dilutions to 1.56 micrograms/ml. in identification tests conduc ...19979554150
trypanosomatid protozoa in plants of southeastern spain: characterization by analysis of isoenzymes, kinetoplast dna, and metabolic behavior.three flagellates of the family trypanosomatidae were isolated from mango fruits (mangifera indica) and from the stems of clover (trifolium glomeratum) and amaranth (amaranthus retroflexus) in southeastern spain and were adapted to in vitro culture in monophase media. the parasites showed an ultrastructural pattern similar to that of other species of the genus phytomonas. mango and clover isolates differed from amaranth isolates in ultrastructural terms. the isolates were characterized by isoenz ...19989610631
reversed-phase gradient high-performance liquid chromatographic procedure for simultaneous analysis of very polar to nonpolar retinoids, carotenoids and tocopherols in animal and plant samples.a reversed-phase gradient high-performance liquid chromatographic (hplc) procedure, which utilizes gradient elution and detection by a photodiode-array detector, has been developed to analyze simultaneously very polar retinoids, such as 4-oxo-retinoyl-beta-glucuronide, retinoyl beta-glucuronide and 4-oxo-retinoic acid; polar retinoids, such as retinoic acid and retinol; nonpolar retinoids, such as retinyl esters; along with xanthophylls, monohydroxy carotenoids, hydrocarbon carotenoids, and toco ...19989613935
in vitro evaluation of medicinal plant extracts against pestalotiopsis mangiferae.a serious leaf-spot disease of mangifera indica was noted during the last 10 years in satpura plateau of india. on the basis of characteristic symptoms and cultural characters, the pathogen was identified as pestalotiopsis mangiferae which is hitherto not reported from satpura plateau of india. screening of 17-medicinal plants against the test pathogen revealed 14 antimycotic whereas 3-plants, viz., argemone mexicana, caesalpinia bonducella, and casia fistula acclerated the growth of the pathoge ...19969676046
antiamoebic and phytochemical screening of some congolese medicinal plants.results from the in vitro antiamoebic activity of some congolese plant extracts used as antidiarrhoeic in traditional medicine indicated that of 45 plant extracts tested, 35 (77.78%) exhibited an antiamoebic activity and 10 (22.22%) were inactive. the highest activity (mic < 100 microg/ml) was obtained with extracts from root bark of paropsia brazzeana, cryptolepis sanguinolenta, alchornea cordifolia, hensia pulchella, maprounea africana, rauwolfia obscura and voacanga africana, leaves and stem ...19989687082
microbial stability of mango (mangifera indica l.) juice preserved by combined application of mild heat and extracts of two tropical spices.the microbial stability of mango (mangifera indica l.) juice (ph 4.9) supplemented with extracts of ginger (zingiber officinale) and nutmeg (myristica fragrans) was investigated during 3 months of ambient-temperature storage. heating at 55 degrees c for 15 min markedly reduced the levels of non-spore-forming bacteria and produced a product with acceptable taste. supplementing mango juice with an agueous extract of ginger (15%, vol/vol) or nutmeg (20%, vol/vol) inhibited the growth of challenge m ...19989709257
protein kinase activities in ripening mango, mangifera indica l., fruit tissue. iii. purification and characterisation of a calcium-regulated protein kinase.a calcium-dependent protein kinase (pk-iii), not requiring calmodulin for activity, was purified from extracts of ripening mango fruit tissue. purification was achieved by ammonium sulfate fractionation and sequential anion exchange-, hydrophobic interaction-, dye ligand affinity- and gel filtration chromatography; which allowed a recovery of 1-5% of the total available kinase activity. the final specific activity in the presence of 1 mm ca2+ was consistently 9 nmol min-1mg-1. the purified enzym ...19989748649
production and characterisation of monoclonal antibodies to phytoene synthase of lycopersicon esculentum.monoclonal antibodies have been prepared against the tomato (lycopersicon esculentum mill.) fruit ripening-enhanced phytoene synthase (psy1). the antigen was prepared as a beta-galactosidase fusion protein by cloning a 1.13 kb fragment of psy1 cdna into pur291, followed by transformation of e. coli. the fusion protein, induced by iptg, was purified by preparative sds-page and used to elicit an immune response. the cell lines were screened for cross-reactivity against beta-galactosidase-phytoene ...19989788145
plants from puerto rico with anti-mycobacterium tuberculosis properties.this study assesses the antitubercular potential of natural products obtained from plants reputed to have medicinal properties and collected from the tropical flora of puerto rico.19989883470
antihyperglycaemic effect of mangifera indica in rat.the leaves of mangifera indica are used as an antidiabetic agent in nigerian folk medicine. to determine whether or not there is a scientific basis for this use, the effect of the aqueous extract of the leaves on blood glucose level was assessed in normoglycaemic, glucose - induced hyperglycaemic and streptozotocin (stz)-induced diabetic rats. the aqueous extract given orally (1 g/kg) did not alter the blood glucose levels in either normoglycaemic or stz-induced diabetic rats. in glucose - induc ...199910479762
relating x-ray absorption and some quality characteristics of mango fruit (mangifera indica l.).x-ray absorption was used as an index to detect the quality of mango based on its relationship with density, moisture content, soluble solids, titratable acidity, and ph. a regression equation was obtained between the computed tomography (ct) number and the physicochemical properties based on the principle of x-ray absorption capacities of the fruit. the ct numbers of intact mangoes were positively correlated with density, moisture content, and titratable acidity. the soluble solids and ph were ...199910552728
metabolic effects of sulfur dioxide fumigation on mangifera indica plants. 199910594152
novel weight-reducing activity of galega officinalis in mice.galega officinalis (galega, goat's rue, french lilac) is well known for its hypoglycaemic action and has been used as part of a plant mixture in the treatment of diabetes mellitus. during pharmacological investigations of an ethanolic extract of a powdered mixture of equal proportions of g. officinalis, cressa cretica, mangifera indica and syzygium jambolanum, a weight reducing effect of galega was discovered. in this study we have investigated the novel weight reducing effect of galega in mice. ...199910632090
methyl jasmonate reduces chilling injury and maintains postharvest quality of mango fruit.exposure of mango (mangifera indica cv. tommy atkins) fruit to methyl jasmonate (mj) vapors (10(-)(4) m) for 24 h at 25 degrees c reduced chilling injury during subsequent storage for 21 days at 7 degrees c and after 5 days of shelf life at 20 degrees c. the chilling tolerance induced by mj was positively correlated with the reduction in the percent ion leakage of mango tissue. the overall quality of mj-treated fruit was also better than that of control fruit. mj treatment increased the total so ...200010691668
anti-herpes simplex virus activities of crude water extracts of thai medicinal plants.a number of thai medicinal plants, recommended as remedies for herpesvirus infection and have been used in primary health care were investigated for their intracellular activities against herpes simplex viruses (hsv). centella asiatica l., maclura cochinchinensis cornor, and mangifera indica l. contained both anti-hsv-1 and -2 activities, as determined by plaque inhibition assay. an inhibition of the production of infectious hsv-2 virions from infected vero cells could also be demonstrated. comb ...200010715843
antiamoebic and spasmolytic activities of extracts from some antidiarrhoeal traditional preparations used in kinshasa, congo.three major extracts from some traditional preparations, based on medicinal plants, used as antidiarrhoeal agents were investigated for their putative antiamoebic and spasmolytic activities in vitro. results indicated that both biological activities are concentrated in the polyphenolic fraction, and not in the saponin or alkaloid containing fractions. the most active polyphenolic extracts were those from euphorbia hirta whole plant, leaves of alchornea cordifolia, crossopteryx febrifuga, nauclea ...200010782488
determination of avocado and mango fruit properties by ultrasonic technique.a nondestructive ultrasonic measurement system was developed for the assessment of some transmission parameters which might have quantitative relations with the maturity, firmness and other quality-related properties of avocado and mango fruits. the system utilizes a set of low-frequency probes arranged to measure the ultrasonic signal transmitted and received over a short distance across the peel. the attenuation of the ultrasonic waves, transmitted through the peel and the attached fruit tissu ...200010829759
enzymatic degradation of cell wall polysaccharides from mango (mangifera indica l.) puree.ripe mango puree (smith cultivar) was treated with fungal polysaccharidases containing pectinolytic, hemicellulolytic, and cellulolytic activities for 2 h at 50 degrees c. a loss of 30% of the cell wall material (cwm) was measured. cwm polysaccharides were hydrolyzed to varying degrees: 88, 65, and 65% of, respectively, galacturonic acid-, arabinose-, and rhamnose-containing polymers were hydrolyzed, whereas 50% of cellulose was degraded. after 30 min of treatment, the ethanol precipitation test ...200010898610
mangifera indica and phaseolus vulgaris in the bioindication of air pollution in bahia, this article are reported the results of a study on the concentration of ascorbic acid (aa) in mangifera indica as passive monitor and in phaseolus vulgaris as active monitor with the intention to study the effects of industrial emissions from the petrochemical complex of camaçari (pcc), bahia, brazil, on the vegetation. leaves from m. indica were collected in two sites in the region under direct influence of industrial emissions and in one presumed nonpolluted reference (background) site. po ...200010903824
review on some plants of indian traditional medicine with antioxidant activity.a lot of medicinal plants, traditionally used for thousands of years, are present in a group of herbal preparations of the indian traditional health care system (ayurveda) named rasayana proposed for their interesting antioxidant activities. among the medicinal plants used in ayurvedic rasayana for their therapeutic action, some of these have been throughly investigated. in the present paper seven plants (emblica officinalis l., curcuma longa l., mangifera indica l., momordica charantia l., sant ...200010904144
evaluation of the in vitro antioxidant activity of mangifera indica l. extract (vimang).an extract of mangifera indica l. (vimang) was tested in vitro for its antioxidant activity using commonly accepted assays. it showed a powerful scavenger activity of hydroxyl radicals and hypochlorous acid and acted as an iron chelator. the extract also showed a significant inhibitory effect on the peroxidation of rat-brain phospholipid and inhibited dna damage by bleomycin or copper-phenanthroline systems.200010960895
effect of mango weevil (coleoptera: curculionidae) damage on mango seed viability in hawaii.the mango weevil, cryptorhynchus (= sternochetus) mangiferae (f.), is a federally quarantined pest that prevents shipment of mangos from hawaii into the continental united states. although this monophagous weevil allegedly causes reduced seed germination, damage to the fruit pulp, and premature fruit drop in mangos, there are few studies examining these potential sources of crop loss. we conducted studies to assess the effect of mango weevil infestation on seed viability while making observation ...200010985036
protective effects of mangifera indica l. extract, mangiferin and selected antioxidants against tpa-induced biomolecules oxidation and peritoneal macrophage activation in mice.we compared the protective abilities of mangifera indica l. stem bark extract (vimang) 50-250 mgkg(-1), mangiferin 50 mgkg(-1), vitamin c 100 mgkg(-1), vitamin e 100 mgkg(-1)and beta -carotene 50 mgkg(-1)against the 12-o-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (tpa)-induced oxidative damage in serum, liver, brain as well as in the hyper-production of reactive oxygen species (ros) by peritoneal macrophages. the treatment of mice with vimang, vitamin e and mangiferin reduced the tpa-induced production of ...200011058410
[evaluation of the usefulness of selected virulence markers for the identification of virulent yersinia enterocolitica strains. i. phenotypic markders associated with plasmid pyv].the species yersinia enterocolitica includes either pathogenic or non-pathogenic strains. therefore it is necessary to differentiate virulent bacilli from other. it is well known that pathogenic strains of y. enterocolitica bearing virulence associated plasmid called pyv, which could be demonstrated by its isolation or detected by the presence of specific, phenotypic properties directly related with this plasmid. the aim of the presented paper was to check the ability of some phenotypic virulenc ...200011107777
an overnight chill induces a delayed inhibition of photosynthesis at midday in mango (mangifera indica l.).the effect of a cold night on photosynthesis in herbaceous chilling-sensitive crops, like tomato, has been extensively studied and is well characterized. this investigation examined the behaviour of the sub-tropical fruit tree, mango, to enable comparison with these well-studied systems. unlike tomato, chilling between 5 degrees c and 7 degrees c overnight produced no significant inhibition of light-saturated co(2) assimilation (a:) during the first hours following rewarming, measured either und ...200011113167
analgesic and anti-inflammatory effects of mangifera indica l. extract (vimang).vimang is an aqueous extract of mangifera indica used in cuba to improve the quality of life in patients suffering from elevated stress. to assess its possible analgesic and antiinflammatory effects, the results of a standard extract evaluation are presented. analgesia was determined using acetic acid-induced abdominal constriction and formalin-induced licking. antiinflammatory effects were evaluated using carrageenan- and formalin-induced oedema. vimang (50-1000 mg/kg, p.o.) exhibited a potent ...200111180516
effect of certain plant extracts on alpha-amylase activity.ethanolic extracts of punica granatum, mangifera indica, boerhaavia diffusa, embelia ribes, phyllanthus maderaspatensis, and withania somnifera, were tested for their effect on alpha-amylase activity (in vitro). p. granatum and m. indica were found to exhibit interesting alpha-amylase inhibitory activity.200111223231
characterization of cross-reacting allergens in mango fruit.allergic reactions to mango fruit have become increasingly important. a cross-reaction between mango fruit, various other foods, and respiratory allergens has been assumed but not investigated until now.200111251404
botanical briefs: the mango tree--mangifera indica l. 200111381849
lectins in fruits having gastrointestinal activity: their participation in the hemagglutinating property of escherichia coli fruits with therapeutic properties for antidiarrheal and laxative uses, the presence of lectins may be the bioactive properties that interfere with bacterial adhesion, thought to be competition for glycoside signal sites in the attachment.200111440778
the expression of alternative oxidase and uncoupling protein during fruit ripening in mango.the expression of alternative oxidase (aox) and uncoupling proteins (ucp) was investigated during ripening in mango (mangifera indica) and compared with the expression of peroxisomal thiolase, a previously described ripening marker in mango. the multigene family for the aox in mango was expressed differentially during ripening. abundance of aox message and protein both peaked at the ripe stage. expression of the single gene for the ucp peaked at the turning stage and the protein abundance peaked ...200111500560
evaluation of the antidiabetic action of mangifera indica in mice.the leaves of mangifera indica were assessed for antidiabetic properties using normoglycaemic, glucose-induced hyperglycaemia and streptozotocin (stz) induced diabetic mice. the aqueous extract produced a reduction of blood glucose level in normoglycaemic and glucose-induced hyperglycaemia, but did not have any effect on streptozotocin-induced diabetic mice. the hypoglycaemic effect of the aqueous extract was compared with that of an oral dose of chlorpropamide under the same conditions. the res ...200111507745
alpha-glucosidase inhibitory activity of mangifera indica bark.the ethanolic extracts of lawsonia inermis leaves, holarrhena antidysenterica bark, swertia chirata whole plant and mangifera indica bark were tested (in-vitro) for alpha-glucosidase inhibitory activity. m. indica extract was found to be the most potent, with an ic(50) value of 314 microg/ml.200111543970
immunomodulatory activity of alcoholic extract of mangifera indica l. in mice.mangifera indica linn, a plant widely used in the traditional medicinal systems of india, has been reported to possess antiviral, antibacterial and anti-inflammatory activities. in the present study, the alcoholic extract of stem bark of mangifera indica linn (extract i containing mangiferin 2.6%), has been investigated for its effect on cell mediated and humoral components of the immune system in mice. administration of test extract i produced increase in humoral antibody (ha) titre and delayed ...200111694357
flavonoids from emblica officinalis and mangifera indica-effectiveness for dyslipidemia.flavonoids from emblica officinalis and mangifera indica effectively reduce lipid levels in serum and tissues of rats induced hyperlipidemia. hepatic hmg coa reductase activity was significantly inhibited in rats fed e. officinalis flavonoids. but increase of this enzyme was observed in rats administered m. indica flavonoids. lcat showed elevated levels in rats fed flavonoids from e. officinalis and m. indica. the degradation and elimination of cholesterol was highly enhanced in both the groups. ...200211744299
effect of mangifera indica l. extract (qf808) on protein and hepatic microsome peroxidation.the antioxidant activities of qf808, a steam bark extract of mangifera indica l., were studied on hydroxyl-mediated oxidation of bovine serum albumin (bsa) and in a hepatic microsome system. the extract was effective in reducing the oxidation of bsa, since its half- maximal inhibition concentration (ic(50)) was 0.0049% w/v in the inhibition of carbonyl group formation and lower than 0.0025% w/v in the inhibition of sulfhydryl group loss. qf808 inhibited lipid peroxidation which was initiated enz ...200111746837
"mangifera indica l. extract (qf808) reduces ischaemia-induced neuronal loss and oxidative damage in the gerbil brain".the effect of oral administration of mangifera indica l. extract (qf808) on ischemia-reperfusion-induced neuronal death in the gerbil hippocampal ca1 sector was examined. oral administration of qf808 for 7 days dose-dependently protected against neuronal cell death following transient ischaemia and reperfusion as assessed by histopathology. in addition, locomotor activity assessment prior to ischaemia and 7 days after correlated well with the histological results. to evaluate redox alterations b ...200111767405
isolation and quantitative analysis of phenolic antioxidants, free sugars, and polyols from mango (mangifera indica l.) stem bark aqueous decoction used in cuba as a nutritional aqueous decoction of mango (mangifera indica l.) stem bark has been developed in cuba on an industrial scale to be used as a nutritional supplement, cosmetic, and phytomedicine. previously we reported its antioxidant activity, and we concluded that the product could be useful to prevent the production of reactive oxygen species and oxidative tissue damage in vivo. a phytochemical investigation of mango stem bark extract has led to the isolation of seven phenolic constituents: gallic acid, 3,4 ...200211829642
the enhancement of the nutritive value of mango seed kernels for poultry by thermal treatment and radiation processing.raw seed kernels of local mango varieties (magnifera indica l.) were analyzed for composition, levels of trypsin inhibitors, tannins, cyanogenetic glucosides, in vitro protein digestibility and apparent metabolizable energy (amen) as being effected by boiling, autoclaving as well as irradiation at 5, 10, 15, and 20 kgy. the air-dry mango seed kernels (msk) contained cp 70 g kg-1, ee 128 g kg-1, and tannins 67 g kg-1. compared with raw kernels the contents of trypsin inhibitory activity (30 tiu g ...200111851017
evaluation of the nutritional characteristics of a finger millet based complementary food.finger millet (eleusine coracana), kidney beans (phaseolus vulgaris), peanuts (arachis hypogoea), and mango (mangifera indica) were processed separately and then combined, on the basis of their amino acid scores and energy content, into a complementary food for children of weaning age. the finger millet and kidney beans were processed by germination, autoclaving, and lactic acid fermentation. a mixture containing, on a dry matter basis, 65.2, 19.1, 8.0, and 7.7% of the processed finger millet, k ...200211982437
interaction between warfarin and mango fruit. 200212014354
mango seed weevil (coleoptera: curculionidae) and premature fruit drop in mangoes.the effect of infestations of mango seed weevil, sternochetus mangiferae (f.), on premature fruit drop of mangoes was investigated. mango fruits ('haden') of equal size were collected both off the ground and from the tree at four times during the season (june-august). if weevil-infested fruit were more prone to dropping than uninfested fruit, the prediction was that a higher infestation rate would be found in fruit on the ground compared with fruit on the tree. average fruit weight was used as a ...200212020010
modulation of rat macrophage function by the mangifera indica l. extracts vimang and mangiferin.vimang is an aqueous extract of mangiferia indica l., traditionally used in cuba as an anti-inflammatory, analgesic and antioxidant. in the present study, we investigated the effects of vimang and of mangiferin (a c-glucosylxanthone present in the extract) on rat macrophage functions including phagocytic activity and the respiratory burst. both vimang and mangiferin showed inhibitory effects on macrophage activity: (a) intraperitoneal doses of only 50-250 mg/kg markedly reduced the number of mac ...200212095170
white-faced monkey (cebus capucinus) ecology and management in neotropical agricultural landscapes during the dry season.habitat use by a c. capucinus troop was studied in an agricultural landscape during late dry season (march-april 1994) in northwest costa rica. riparian forests, palm canals and living fence rows accounted for 82% of observations, significantly more than the other six habitats present. the study troop consumed 24 species of plants and five animals. feeding concentrated on the introduced african oil palm (elaeis guineensis) (33.6%) and mango (mangifera indica) (27.2%), found mostly in palm canals ...200112189802
anti-salmonella activity of medicinal plants from evaluate the effects of herbal extracts derived from plants commonly prescribed by traditional practitioners for the treatment of typhoid fever.200112201022
tylenchida associated with different crops in sennar state (sudan).a study was done on the taxonomy and morphology of plant parasitic nematodes (tylenchida) found in sennar state (sudan). sixty samples of different crops were collected in the sugarcane area. thirty samples originated from soil around the roots of saccharum officinarum (sugarcane) from different ratoons and thirty samples were collected from other crops (mangifera indica; citrus limon; citrus aurantifolia; citrus paradisi; citrus sinensis, phoenix dactylifera, musa sapentium; cassia italica, cap ...200112425088
tropical fruit trees as bioindicators of industrial air pollution in southeast brazil.psidium guajava l., psidium cattleyanum sabine and mangifera indica l. were tested under field conditions as possible tropical bioindicators of industrial air pollution. the study was performed around the industrial complex of cubatão, se brazil, which comprises 23 industries, including fertilizer, cement, chemical, petrochemical, and steel plants, with 110 production units and 260 emission sources of pollutants. saplings were exposed to environmental conditions during four periods of 16 weeks e ...200212437286
the effect of mangifera indica stem bark and pluchea ovalis roots on tracheal smooth muscle in vitro.aqueous extract of the stem bark of mangifera indica and ethanolic extract of the roots of pluchea ovalis has been studied on rat tracheal smooth muscle in vitro. the extract of m. indica at 1, 2 and 4 mg/ml and that of p. ovalis at 0.25, 0.5 and 1 mg/ml relaxed, dose-dependently, the rat tracheal smooth muscle strip previously contracted by acetylcholine at 0.055 mmol/l.200212490220
leaf photosynthesis of 'cat hoa loc' mango (mangifera indica l.) and 'nam roi' pummelo (citrus grandis (l.) osbeck.) in the rainy season.with an ears--plant photosynthesis meter we determined gross photosynthesis (p) of leaves of 'cat hoa loc' mango on 4 years old trees planted in the fruit tree experiment and production station, campus 2, department of crop science, college of agriculture, can tho university in the rainy season of the year 2000. the same experiment was conducted on 'nam roi' pummelo on a farm located in the binh minh district, vinh long province. in the rainy season the calculated gross photosynthesis of 'cat ho ...200212491966
evaluation of anti-diarrhoeal activity in seed extracts of mangifera indica.mangifera indica is commonly grown in many parts of the world. its seeds have been used for anti-diarrhoeal activity in indian traditional medicine. this study evaluates the potential anti-diarrhoeal activity of methanolic (mmi) and aqueous (ami) extracts of seeds of m. indica in experimental diarrhoea, induced by castor oil and magnesium sulphate in mice. both mmi and ami were given orally in the dose of 250 mg/kg, showed significant anti-diarrhoeal activity comparable with that of the standard ...200312499070
structural and rheological properties of polysaccharides from mango (mangifera indica l.) pulp.the structure and rheological properties of water-soluble polysaccharides from industrialized mango pulp were investigated. soluble fraction (sf) 2 was heterogeneous on high performance size exclusion chromatography, giving two peaks as determined by multi-angle laser light scattering and refractive index detectors. the presence of starch in sf2 was demonstrated by a positive iodine reaction and by 13c nuclear magnetic resonance (nmr) spectroscopy. the presence of pectic polysaccharides was show ...200212559422
a biochemical model of photosynthesis for mango leaves: evidence for the effect of fruit on photosynthetic capacity of nearby leaves.variations in leaf nitrogen concentration per unit mass (nm) and per unit area (na), mass-to-area ratio (ma), total nonstructural carbohydrates (ta), and photosynthetic capacity (maximum carboxylation rate, electron transport capacity, rate of phosphate release in triose phosphate utilization and dark respiration rate) were studied within the digitized crowns of two 3-year-old mango trees (mangifera indica l.) on la réunion island. additional measurements of nm, na, ma, ta and photosynthetic cap ...200312615544
cultural categorization of febrile illnesses in correlation with herbal remedies used for treatment in southwestern nigeria.the ethnographic study was conducted in two communities in oyo state in southwestern nigeria. the study sites consisted of a rural and an urban local government area located in the tropical rain forest zone of nigeria. the study was designed to obtain information on febrile illnesses and herbal remedies for treatment with the aim of identifying potential antimalarial drugs. the study revealed that fever is a general term for describing illnesses associated with elevated body temperature. the ind ...200312639738
spatial variations in xylem sap flux density in the trunk of orchard-grown, mature mango trees under changing soil water conditions.circumferential and radial variations in xylem sap flux density in trunks of 13-year-old mango (mangifera indica l.) trees were investigated with granier sap flow sensor probes under limiting and non-limiting soil water conditions. under non-limiting soil water conditions, circumferential variation was substantial, but there was no apparent relationship between sap flux density and aspect (i.e., the radial position of the sensor probes on the trunk relative to the compass). hourly sap flux densi ...200012651518
protective effect of mangifera indica l. extract (vimang) on the injury associated with hepatic ischaemia reperfusion.the effect of mangifera indica l. extract (vimang) on treatment of injury associated with hepatic ischaemia/reperfusion was tested. vimang protects from the oxidative damage induced by oxygen-based free radicals as shown in several in vitro test systems conducted. the ability of vimang to reduce liver damage was investigated in rats undergoing right-lobe blood fl ow occlusion for 45 min followed by 45 min of reperfusion. the ischaemia/reperfusion model leads to an increase of transaminase (alt a ...200312672145
evaluation of antibacterial activity of mangifera indica on anaerobic dental microglora based on in vivo studies.the present study was carried out to compare the subgingival plaque microflora in mango leaf users. fifty subjects of both sexes, 25 of them used tooth brush and 25 used mango leaf as their home care hygiene device were included in the study. the microbiological evaluation for specific bacterial counts of actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans, prevotella intermedia, porphyromonas gingivalis, fusobacterium nucleatum and peptostreptococcus micros were carried out for all subject. specific microbial ...200212785172
identification of flavonol and xanthone glycosides from mango (mangifera indica l. cv. "tommy atkins") peels by high-performance liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization mass spectrometry.flavonol o- and xanthone c-glycosides were extracted from mango (mangifera indica l. cv. "tommy atkins") peels and characterized by high-performance liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization mass spectrometry. among the fourteen compounds analyzed, seven quercetin o-glycosides, one kaempferol o-glycoside, and four xanthone c-glycosides were found. on the basis of their fragmentation pattern, the latter were identified as mangiferin and isomangiferin and their respective galloyl derivatives. ...200312903961
soil chemical changes under irrigated mango production in the central são francisco river valley, brazil.irrigated areas in brazil's central são francisco river valley have experienced declines in productivity, which may be a reflection of changes in soil chemical properties due to management. this study was conducted to compare the chemical composition of soil solutions and cation exchange complexes in a five-year-old grove of irrigated mango (mangifera indica l. cv. tommy atkins) with that of an adjacent clearing in the native caatinga vegetation. a detailed physiographic characterization of the ...200312931897
bioindication of air pollution effects near a copper smelter in brazil using mango trees and soil microbiological properties.a field study near the copper smelter of a large industrial complex examined air pollution effects on vegetation and soil parameters in camaçari (northeast brazil). close to the smelter, soil ph-value was lower and total acidity as well as organic carbon contents were higher compared with a site far from the source and two reference sites. the acidification of top soil particularly and the drastically enhanced plant-available copper concentrations were caused by atmospheric deposition. high sulp ...200312963292
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