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behavior of thiophanate methyl and propiconazole in grape and mango fruits under the egyptian field conditions.this research aims at determining residues of thiophanate methyl and propiconazole in grape and mango fruits as an indication for their persistence in this environmental compartment. fruit extracts were analyzed for thiophanate methyl using high performance liquid chromatography and using gas chromatography electron capture detector (gc/ecd), respectively. the results indicated that propiconazole had a less environmental impact since propiconazole had shorter residue half-lives which were 1.24 a ...028337501
isolation and characterization of 9-lipoxygenase and epoxide hydrolase 2 genes: insight into lactone biosynthesis in mango fruit (mangifera indica l.).uniqueness and diversity of mango flavour across various cultivars are well known. among various flavour metabolites lactones form an important class of aroma volatiles in certain mango varieties due to their ripening specific appearance and lower odour detection threshold. in spite of their biological and biochemical importance, lactone biosynthetic pathway in plants remains elusive. present study encompasses quantitative real-time analysis of 9-lipoxygenase (mi9lox), epoxide hydrolase 2 (mieh2 ...028291596
at lunch with a killer: the effect of weaver ants on host-parasitoid interactions on mango.predator-prey interactions can affect the behaviour of the species involved, with consequences for population distribution and competitive interactions. under predation pressure, potential prey may adopt evasive strategies. these responses can be costly and could impact population growth. as some prey species may be more affected than others, predation pressure could also alter the dynamics among species within communities. in field cages and small observation cages, we studied the interactions ...028146561
thai fruits exhibit antioxidant activity and induction of antioxidant enzymes in hek-293 cells.the cellular antioxidant enzymes play the important role of protecting the cells and organisms from the oxidative damage. natural antioxidants contained in fruits have attracted considerable interest because of their presumed safety and potential nutritional value. even though antioxidant activities of many fruits have been reported, the effects of phytochemicals contained in fruits on the induction of antioxidant enzymes in the cells have not been fully defined. in this study, we showed that ex ...028074103
characterization of mangifera indica cultivars in thailand based on macroscopic, microscopic, and genetic characters.thai mango cultivars are classified into six groups plus one miscellaneous group according to germplasm database for mango. characterization is important for conservation and the development of thai mango cultivars. this study investigated macroscopic, microscopic leaf characteristics, and genetic relationship among 17 cultivars selected from six groups of mango in thailand. selected mango samples were obtained from three different locations in thailand (n = 57). they were observed for their lea ...027833891
first occurrence of sternochetus mangiferae (fabricius) (coleoptera: curculionidae) in brazil.specimens of the mango stone weevil sternochetus mangiferae (fabricius) (coleoptera: curculionidae) were found in fruits of mango from a tree in the residential area of the rio de janeiro, rj. this is the first report of the s. mangiferae in brazil, currently regulated as an absent quarantine pest in the country. a taxonomist specialized in curculionidae confirmed the identification based on morphological diagnostics characteristics. this detection is a relevant finding, because brazil is a majo ...028540532
multifaceted health benefits of mangifera indica l. (mango): the inestimable value of orchards recently planted in sicilian rural areas.historically, mangifera indica l. cultivations have been widely planted in tropical areas of india, africa, asia, and central america. however, at least 20 years ago its spreading allowed the development of some cultivars in sicily, an island to the south of italy, where the favourable subtropical climate and adapted soils represent the perfect field to create new sources of production for the sicilian agricultural supply chain. currently, cultivations of kensington pride, keitt, glenn, maya, an ...028531110
anti-inflammatory effects of essential oils from mangifera indica.mangifera indica is widely found in brazil, and its leaves are used as an anti-inflammatory agent in folk medicine. the aim of this study is to perform composition analysis of essential oils from the m. indica varieties, espada (eomil1) and coração de boi (eomil2), and confirm their anti-inflammatory properties. twenty-three volatile compounds were identified via gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (gc-ms) in two essential oils from the leaves. paw edema and myeloperoxidase (mpo) activity were ...028362977
postharvest treatment of antioxidant reduces lenticel browning and improves cosmetic appeal of mango (mangifera indica l.) fruits without impairing quality.the present study reports the usefulness of ascorbic acid for reducing lenticels browning (lb) in mango, which impairs the cosmetic appeal and thereby the export. postharvest dip treatment of ascorbic acid at different concentrations (100, 150 and 200 ppm) was given to four varieties of mango (indian-'dashehari', 'langra'; exotic-'sensation', 'eldon'). after treatment, fruits were stored at ambient conditions (35 ± 4 °c and 65 ± 5 % rh) for 10 days. at the end of storage period, observations wer ...027765969
comparative transcriptome analysis of unripe and mid-ripe fruit of mangifera indica (var. "dashehari") unravels ripening associated genes.ripening in mango is under a complex control of ethylene. in an effort to understand the complex spatio-temporal control of ripening we have made use of a popular n. indian variety "dashehari" this variety ripens from the stone inside towards the peel outside and forms jelly in the pulp in ripe fruits. through a combination of 454 and illumina sequencing, a transcriptomic analysis of gene expression from unripe and midripe stages have been performed in triplicates. overall 74,312 unique transcri ...027586495
control of browning of minimally processed mangoes subjected to ultraviolet radiation pulses.the pulsed ultraviolet radiation (uvp) has been used as an alternative strategy for the control of microorganisms in food. however, its application causes the browning of minimally processed fruits and vegetables. in order to control the browning of the 'tommy atkins' minimally processed mango and treated with uvp (5.7 j cm(-2)) it was used 1-methylcyclopropene (1-mcp) (0.5 μl l(-1)), an ethylene action blocker in separate stages, comprising five treatments: control, uvp (u), 1-mcp + uvp (m + u) ...028242923
effect of postharvest ethylene treatment on sugar content, glycosidase activity and its gene expression in mango fruit.ripening-associated softening is one of the important attributes that largely determines the shelf-life of mango (mangifera indica linn.) fruits. to reveal the effect of pre-climacteric ethylene treatment on ripening-related softening of alphonso mango, ethylene treatment was given to mature, raw alphonso fruits. changes in the pool of reducing and non-reducing sugars, enzymatic activity of three glycosidases: β-d-galactosidase, α-d-mannosidase and β-d-glucosidase and their relative transcript a ...027433929
promising features of mango (mangifera indica l.) kernel oil: a review.mango kernel contains about 15 % good quality edible oil, that is comparable to soybean and cottonseed, which contain about 18-20 % oil. mango kernel oil (mko) has lower free fatty acids, carotenoid content and peroxide value, and is usually used without any processing, which is otherwise mandatory for commercial vegetable oils. palmitic, stearic and oleic acids are the major fatty acids, triglyceride composition and fatty acid profile suggest wide range of trans free options. with 32-36 °c melt ...027407184
antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities of kenyan leafy green vegetables, wild fruits, and medicinal plants with potential relevance for kwashiorkor.background. inflammation, together with related oxidative stress, is linked with the etiology of kwashiorkor, a form of severe acute malnutrition in children. a diet rich in anti-inflammatory and antioxidant phytochemicals may offer potential for the prevention and treatment of kwashiorkor. we selected and assayed five leafy green vegetables, two wild fruits, and six medicinal plants from kenya for their antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. consensus regarding medicinal plant use was es ...026236384
leaf transcriptome sequencing for identifying genic-ssr markers and snp heterozygosity in crossbred mango variety 'amrapali' (mangifera indica l.).mango (mangifera indica l.) is called "king of fruits" due to its sweetness, richness of taste, diversity, large production volume and a variety of end usage. despite its huge economic importance genomic resources in mango are scarce and genetics of useful horticultural traits are poorly understood. here we generated deep coverage leaf rna sequence data for mango parental varieties 'neelam', 'dashehari' and their hybrid 'amrapali' using next generation sequencing technologies. de-novo sequence a ...027736892
the vitamin content of the mango fruit. 193316745225
observations on the carotenoid pigments of the mango fruit. 194620999654
carotenoid pigments of badami mango fruit. 194616748070
biological assay for thiamin of the carabao variety of philippine mango (mangifera indica l.). 194720255766
a new bacterial disease of mangifera indica l. 194818884600
hormone induced set and parthenocarpy in mango (mangifera indica l.). 194915398804
tip pulp of the mango fruit. 195014778305
a papyrographic study of the nonprotein nitrogen of mangoes (mangifera indica linn.). 195014778291
rooting of haden mango (mangifera indica l.) leaf-budding cuttings. 195015424671
necrosis of the mango fruit. 195015427345
rot of mangifera indica linn. caused by aspergillus. 195114822551
vegetative propagation of mango (mangifera indica l.) by air-layering (gootee). 195313038469
sex ratio and fruit setting in mango (mangifera indica l.). 195417732379
vitamin c concentration in developing and mature fruits of mango (mangifera indica l.). 195616654841
phenolic components of mangifera indica. ii. 19655826185
isolation & characterization of a carotenoid-protein complex from mangifera indica (mango). 19664227366
citrate cleavage enzyme in mango fruit. 19705423830
phenolic components, plant- and amino-acids of mangifera indica. v. 19705439753
phenolic components of mangifera indica. iv. 19705441608
an unusual citrate synthase from mango fruit. 19715123209
the gallotannins of rhus coriaria and mangifera indica. 19715573546
relationship of aroma and flavour characteristics of mango (mangifera indica l.) to fatty acid composition. 19734771838
[biochemical aspects of resistance mechamism of mango (mangifera indica l. to ceratocystis fimbriata ell. & hals]. 19744461018
polyphenolics of twenty local varieties of mangifera indica. 19751197414
physiology and biochemistry of mango fruit. 19751098417
the effects of low-dose gamma-irradiation on the wholesomeness of mangoes (mangifera indica) as determined by short-term feeding studies using rats.1. a control diet and diets containing 150 g non-irradiated or 150 g irradiated mangopulp/kg were given to female rats from day 15 of the gestation period until weaning in trials 1 and 2, and from 40 d before mating until 28 d post weaning in trial 3. 2. food intake and dry-matter digestibility were similar with all diets. 3. there were no significant differences between animals given the different dietary regimens in the daily body-weight changes of weanling males, pups, nursing females or fema ...19761244845
incidence of ripening and chilling injury on the oxidative activities and fatty acid compositions of the mitochondria from mango fruits.the succinate oxidation capacities of mitochondria isolated from mango fruits (mangifera indica l.) stored at 4, 8, 12, and 20 c were investigated during storage. in normally ripening fruits (at 12 and 20 c) the oxidative capacities increased during the first 10 days and then decreased slowly. at lower temperatures (4 and 8 c), the fruits showed chilling injury symptoms, after about 10 days of storage and the succinate oxidation capacities of mitochondria decreased progressively. plots of succin ...197816660352
biochemical changes in mango after infection with rhizoctonia bataticola.rhizoctonia bataticola is responsible for the spoilage of mango fruits (mangifera india) during post-harvest preservation and storage. culture of r. bataticola exhibited significant pectinase and cellulase activity. in rhizoctonia-infected fruits an increase of protease and cellulase activity, and a decrease in certain enzymes of carbohydrate metabolism, were observed in comparison to healthy fruits.19807379908
differentiation of coagulase-positive and coagulase-negative staphylococci by lectins and plant agglutinins.the screening of staphylococci with a panel of 14 lectins and extracts demonstrating lectin-like activity led to the development of a rapid agglutination slide test for the differentiation of certain coagulase-negative staphylococci and human strains of staphylococcus aureus. the coagulase-negative staphylococci were agglutinated by agglutinins from mangifera indica, triticum vulgaris, and crude limulus polyphemus. the test is rapid, requiring only 5 to 15 min to identify an unknown strain of st ...19827068834
somatic embryos from culture ovules of polyembryonic mangifera indica l.ovules were aseptically removed from 2 month old fruits of 9 naturally polyembryonic cultivars and 1 monoembryonic cultivar of mango (mangifera indica l.). ovules were placed into culture on solid murashige and skoog medium that had been modified by the addition of half strength major salts and chelated iron, 6% sucrose, 400 mg/l glutamine, 100 mg/l ascorbic acid with or without the following growth regulators: 20% (v/v) cw, 1 or 2 mg/1 ba. somatic embryogenesis occurred from the nucellus excise ...198224257771
cytokinins of the developing mango fruit : isolation, identification, and changes in levels during maturation.the cytokinin activity has been isolated and identified from extracts of immature mango (mangifera indica l.) seeds. the structures of zeatin, zeatin riboside, and n(6)-(delta(2)-isopentenyl)adenine riboside were confirmed on the basis of their chromatographic behavior and mass spectra of trimethylsilyl derivatives. both trans and cis isomers of zeatin and zeatin riboside were also identified by the retention times of high performance liquid chromatography. in addition, an unidentified compound ...198316662830
the interaction of brucella cell surface components with plant agglutinins.cells of all brucella species were agglutinated by the basic protein-reactive lectins of mangifera indica and persea americana. cells of non-smooth strains including b. ovis and b. canis but not smooth strains were also agglutinated by concanavalin a. these lectins also reacted in a similar pattern with lipopolysaccharide extracts of these organisms. the lectin from bandeiraea simplicifolia precipitated with the lipopolysaccharide antigens of smooth brucella organisms and with those of serologic ...19846208071
[food allergy: the celery-mugwort-spice syndrome. association with mango allergy?].celery allergies are commonly observed in mugwort pollen-allergic patients. this situation is frequently associated with an allergy to spices of the umbelliferous family. thus a "celery-mugwort-spice syndrome" has been established. in 31 patients (27 females, 4 males) allergy to celery was diagnosed between 1978 and 1982. they were followed up in 1983 and complementary tests (skin and rast) with various raw vegetables, spices and mugwort pollen were done. for specific diagnosis of allergy to cel ...19846734454
[volatile acids in tropical fruits: cherimoya (annona cherimolia, mill.), guava (psidium guajava, l.), mango (mangifera indica, l., var. alphonso), papaya (carica papaya, l.)].the volatile acids extracted by pentane/dichloromethane (2 + 1) from tropical fruit pulps were identified and determined by capillary gas chromatography (hrgc) and combined capillary gas chromatography-mass spectrometry using ei- and ci mode (hrgc-ei/cims). in cherimoya (a. cherimolia, mill.) fruit pulp 47 acids were characterized; major compounds were hexanoic (3 mg/kg) and octanoic (1 mg/kg) acid. fifty one acids were identified in guava (p. guajava, l.), 54 in mango (m, indica, l., var. alpho ...19854013523
xiphidorus amazonensis n. sp. (nematoda: longidoridae) from the brazilian amazon basin.xiphidorus amazonensis n. sp. was found in the rhizospheres of jatropha curcas, musa sp., anona muricata, cassia tora, panicum laxum, paspalum fasciculatum, aeschynomene sensitiva, saccharum officinarum, manihot esculenta, abelmoschus esculentus, tamarindus indica, mangifera indica, vigna unguiculata, zea mays, commelina sp., cyperus rotundus, fimbristylis miliacea, citrus sinensis, and eichhornia crassipes on the amazon river island of xiborena, approximately 40 km southeast of manaus, capital ...198519294098
abscission of mango fruitlets as influenced by enhanced ethylene biosynthesis.experiments were conducted on developing fruitlet explants of two mango (mangifera indica l.) cultivars to establish the source and dynamics of ethylene production prior to and during fruitlet abscission. abscission of all fruits in the samples occurred at approximately 86 and 74 hours postharvest in ;keitt' and ;tommy atkins,' respectively. increased abscission began 26 hours from harvest and was preceded by enhanced ethylene synthesis. enhanced ethylene production initiated approximately 48 ho ...198616665179
seed germination and seedling development in the mango (mangifera indica l.).mango (mangifera indica l., cv ruby) seeds taken from ripe fruit showed no dormancy. they germinated at temperatures between 5 and 40 degrees c, but germination was most rapid near the upper end of this range (25-40 degrees c). the fresh seeds had a high moisture content (85%, dry weight basis) and quickly died on dehydration. the optimal temperature for growth of the seedlings was close to 30 degrees c. high temperatures (40 degrees c) and temperatures below 15 degrees c were lethal. growth of ...198614975891
lectin agglutination of thermophilic campylobacter species.agglutination tests with lectins indicated differences in the surface composition of strains of the thermophilic (optimum temperature 42 degrees c) campylobacter species c. coli, c. faecalis, c. hyointestinalis, c. jejuni and c. laridis. all strains examined were agglutinated by the protein-reactive agglutinins of mangifera indica (mango) and persea americana (avocado) and a large proportion was also agglutinated by the carbohydrate-reactive lectins of canavalia ensiformis (jack bean) and tritic ...19873439012
the effects of fruit juices and fruits on the absorption of iron from a rice meal.the effects of the chemical composition of fruit juices and fruit on the absorption of iron from a rice (oryza sativa) meal were measured in 234 parous indian women, using the erythrocyte utilization of radioactive fe method. the corrected geometric mean fe absorptions with different juices varied between 0.040 and 0.129, with the variation correlating closely with the ascorbic acid contents of the juices (rs 0.838, p less than 0.01). ascorbic acid was not the only organic acid responsible for t ...19873593665
folklore therapeutic indigenous plants in periodontal disorders in india (review, experimental and clinical approach).though a number of plants and their parts are used for dental ailments among population in rural and urban areas of developing countries, in india however, the most common house-hold, road-side plants are mango (mangifera indica), neem (azadirachta indica; melia azadirachta), ocimum (ocimum basilicum), tea-dust (camellia sinensis) and uncommonly murayya, i.e., currey leaf (murayya koenigi) [chopra et al. 1958, kirtikar and basu 1935, nadakarni 1954, satyavati 1984]. the leaves of these plants ar ...19883042642
[anti-infective phytotherapies of the tree-savannah, senegal (occidental africa). iii: a review of phytochemical substances and the antimicrobial activity of 43 species].a review has been made of the ethnobotanical and pharmacological data of 43 medicinal plants of the tree-savannah used by the diola against infectious diseases. the traditional use of ten plants can be explained by pharmacologically active principles: adansonia digitata, azadirachta indica, carica papaya, cassia tora, fagara leprieurii, guiera senegalensis, khaya senegalensis, mangifera indica, psidium guajava and voacanga africana. four of these herbs are recommended for use in primary health c ...19892664354
effect of chlorine pollution on three fruit tree species at ranoli near baroda, india.this paper describes the effect of chlorine pollution from an alkalies and chemical plant at ranoli, near baroda, on three tropical fruit tree species-mangifera indica l. (mango) manilkara hexandra dubard. (rayan) and syzygium cumini skeels (jamun). as compared to controls growing in a less polluted area, trees growing close to the plant showed reduced mean leaf area, a higher percentage of leaf area damaged, a reduction in fruit yield, chlorophyll pigments, protein and carbohydrate content, and ...198915092455
incidence of heat-resistant fungi in nsukka, southern nigeria.a total of 42 soil samples collected from different parts of nsukka, southern nigeria, and 20 freshly plucked mango fruits were screened for the presence of heat-resistant fungi. each soil sample, suspended in sterile water, and washings from each mango fruit were separately heated at 70 degrees c for 1 h before plating on double-strength potato dextrose agar containing chloramphenicol and incubating at approx. 28 degrees c. approximately 98% of all soil samples and 17% of mango fruits contained ...19911909547
efficacy of massive oral doses of retinyl palmitate and mango (mangifera indica l.) consumption to correct an existing vitamin a deficiency in senegalese children.administration of large oral doses of retinyl palmitate has become the most widely practised vitamin a deficiency prevention strategy in developing countries. we conducted a follow-up study among 220 senegalese children aged 2-7 years suffering from moderate undernutrition to determine the efficacy of vitamin a treatment on their vitamin a status assessed by biochemical and cytological (impression cytology with transfer) methods. the first examination (t = 0 m[onth]) was carried out during april ...19921445831
biflavone from mangifera indiga.the phenolic extractive of the bark of mangifera indica yielded a known biflavone which was characterized by spectral and chemical methods as amentoflavone. this is the first report for the isolation of biflavon from mangifera indica.199216414715
rosid affinities of surianaceae: molecular evidence.nucleotide sequences of the chloroplast gene, rbcl, were obtained for suriana maritima, cadellia pentastylis, guilfoylia monostylis, stylobasium australe, quassia amara, brucea mollis, cupaniopsis anacardioides, mangifera indica, connarus conchocarpus, and comesperma ericinum. phylogenetic analyses of these, along with published sequences of representatives of rosid families, support the monophyly of the surianaceae sensu cronquist and provide evidence of an affinity with the polygalaceae and fa ...19938049783
cis-9,cis-15-octadecadienoic acid: a novel fatty acid found in higher plants.an unusual fatty acid, cis-9,cis-15-octadecadienoic acid, has been identified in the pulp lipids of mango (mangifera indica l.) grown in the philippines. to our knowledge, the occurrence of cis-9,cis-15-octadecadienoic acid in higher plant lipids has not been previously reported. the structure confirmation was based on the results of chromatographic (capillary gc, argentation thin-layer) and spectrometric (gc-ms, infrared, ultraviolet) analysis and chemical treatment. this butylene-interrupted d ...19938218342
carotenoid-protein complexes.this chapter provides an updated report of carotenoprotein-related research. very few carotenoproteins have been purified; however, their presence in aqueous extracts may be indicated by spectroscopic evidence. carotenoproteins have been isolated, purified, and characterized from the ectoderm, exoskeleton, eggs, and ovaries of marine invertebrates, especially crustaceans. water-soluble and detergent-soluble carotenoid-protein complexes have also been isolated from the cytoplasmic membrane of som ...19938469154
new saponins from mangifera indica.two new terpenoidal saponins, indicoside a [1] and indicoside b [2], were isolated from mangifera indica. their structures were determined as 28-hydroxylupa-12,20(29)-diene-3-o-[beta-glucopyranosyl-(1-->2)] [-beta-glucopyranosyl-(1-->3)]-alpha-l-arabinopyranoside [1] and 28-hydroxylupa-12,20(29)-diene-3-o-[beta-glucopyranosyl-(1-->3)-al pha-l-rhamnopyranosyl-(1-->2)][beta-glucopyranosyl(1-->3)]-alpha-l- arabinopyranoside [2] on the basis of chemical and spectroscopic studies.19938326325
[antiviral activity of mangiferin against herpes simplex virus type 2 in vitro].the effect of mangiferin, a tetrahydroxy pyrrolidone saponin extracted from the leaves of mango (mangifera indica), against herpes simplex virus type 2 (hsv-2) in vitro was studied. the 50% effective concentration (ec50) of it against hsv-2 plaque formation in hela cells was 111.7 micrograms.ml-1, and the concentrations of 33 and 80 micrograms.ml-1 reduced the virus replicative yields by 90% (ec90) and 99% (ec99), respectively. the therapeutic index (ic50/ec50) was 8.1. mangiferin did not direct ...19938010041
[in vitro effect against giardia of 14 plant extracts].to investigate antigiardiasic activity in plants used in mexico as antidiarrheics and/or antiparasitics.19947839013
partial purification of tumour reducing principle from helicanthis elasticus (fam. loranthaceae).extracts from plants of loranthaceae family collected from 15 host trees were screened for their cytocidal activity to tumour cells. biologically active extracts prepared from helicanthis elasticus grown on mangifera indica and citrus maxima (host trees) were partially purified by the gel filtration method. the purified material was found to be cytotoxic in vitro and reduced solid and ascites tumours in mice when given either simultaneously or prophylactically. the partially purified material wa ...19948019988
alternative oxidase from mango (mangifera indica, l.) is differentially regulated during fruit ripening.alternative oxidase is a respiratory-chain component of higher plants and fungi that catalyzes cyanide-resistant oxygen consumption. the activity of a alternative oxidase has been detected during ripening in several climacteric fruit including mango (mangifera indica l.). synthetic oligonucleotides, corresponding to conserved regions of the sauromatum guttatum and arabidopsis thaliana nucleotide sequences, were used as primers for polymerase chain reaction to amplify genomic dna extracted from m ...19958555961
[microbiological quality of street sold fruits in san josé, costa rica].the sanitary quality of street sold fruits was analyzed during the period from march 1990 thru march 1993 in san jose, costa rica. it looked for the presence of salmonella spp. shigella spp., escherichia coli as well as fecal coliforms in natural refreshments, fruit salads and the fruits most frecuently expended on streets, either in slices as the pineapple (ananas comosus), papaya (carica papaya), non-ripe mangoe (mangifera indica) and watermelon (citrullus vulgaris) and those that can be eaten ...19958729262
agglutination of pyv+ yersinia enterocolitica strains by agglutinin from mangifera indica.agglutination of 271 strains of yersinia enterocolitica and related species grown at 37 degrees c by a 0.01% dilution of the agglutinin from mangifera indica was correlated with the presence of the virulence plasmid. the study of yada mutants suggested that the yada protein is the target of the plant agglutinin.19957751396
peroxisomal thiolase mrna is induced during mango fruit ripening.fruit ripening is a complex, developmentally regulated process. a series of genes have been isolated from various ripening fruits encoding enzymes mainly involved in ethylene and cell wall metabolism. in order to aid our understanding of the molecular basis of this process in a tropical fruit, a cdna library was prepared from ripe mango (mangifera indica l. cv. manila). by differential screening with rna poly(a)+ from unripe and ripe mesocarp a number of cdnas expressing only in ripe fruit have ...19957640354
electroantennographic and coupled gas chromatographic-electroantennographic responses of the mediterranean fruit fly,ceratitis capitata, to male-produced volatiles and mango odor.we have identified five compounds from the headspace of calling male mediterranean fruit flies (medfly),ceratitis capitata (wiedemann), and three compounds from the headspace of ripe mango (mangifera indica l). using coupled gas chromatographic-electroantennographic (gc-eag) recordings, coupled gas chromatographic-mass spectrometric (gc-ms) analysis, and electroantennographic (eag) assays of standards. the male-produced volatiles eliciting responses from female antennae were ethyl-(e)-3-octenoat ...199524233832
beta-galactosidase and its significance in ripening mango fruit.the fruit extracts of ripening cv. harumanis mango contained a number of glycosidases and glycanases. among the glycosidases, beta-d-galactosidase (ec 3.2.1.23) appeared to be the most significant. the enzyme activity increased in parallel with increase in tissue softness during ripening. mango beta-galactosidase was fractionated into three isoforms, viz. beta-galactosidase i, ii and iii by a combination of chromatographic procedures on deae-sepharose cl-6b, cm-sepharose and sephacryl s-200 colu ...19957766393
identification of cultivars and validation of genetic relationships in mangifera indica l. using rapd markers.twenty-five accessions of mango were examined for random amplified polymorphic dna (rapd) genetic markers with 80 10-mer random primers. of the 80 primers screened, 33 did not amplify, 19 were monomorphic, and 28 gave reproducible, polymorphic dna amplification patterns. eleven primers were selected from the 28 for the study. the number of bands generated was primer- and genotype-dependent, and ranged from 1 to 10. no primer gave unique banding patterns for each of the 25 accessions; however, te ...199524173902
effects of freezing preservation on dietary fibre content of mango (mangifera indica l.) fruit. 19958549541
a rab11-like gene is developmentally regulated in ripening mango (mangifera indica l.) fruit.a full-length cdna clone from mango (mangifera indica l.) fruit has homology to the rab11/ypt3 class of small gtpases. the corresponding mrna is expressed in fruit, only during ripening. the likely involvement of this rabx protein in trafficking cell-wall modifying enzymes through the trans-golgi network is discussed.19968982274
mango dermatitis: allergic contact dermatitis to mangifera indica.mango dermatitis' is the common term given to allergic contact dermatitis to the sap or skin of the fruit of mangifera indica. four patients presented with urticaria and eczematous rash following exposure to mangoes or the trees. patch testing with diluted sap, crushed leaf, crushed stem and fruit skin was strongly positive.19968936077
in vitro evaluation of medicinal plant extracts against pestalotiopsis mangiferae.a serious leaf-spot disease of mangifera indica was noted during the last 10 years in satpura plateau of india. on the basis of characteristic symptoms and cultural characters, the pathogen was identified as pestalotiopsis mangiferae which is hitherto not reported from satpura plateau of india. screening of 17-medicinal plants against the test pathogen revealed 14 antimycotic whereas 3-plants, viz., argemone mexicana, caesalpinia bonducella, and casia fistula acclerated the growth of the pathoge ...19969676046
[evaluation of the usefulness of the agglutination test with mangifera indica extract for the identification of pathogenic yersinia enterocolitica strains].the study was performed on 137 y. enterocolitica strains belonging to various serological groups, including 75 03 group strains isolated form human clinical material. the agglutination test on slides was carried out on this strains using mangifera indica extract of own production. agglutinating preparation obtained from the seeds of m. indica agglutinated y. enterocolitica organisms possessing the pvy plasmid and crmox+ phenotype in dilutions to 1.56 micrograms/ml. in identification tests conduc ...19979554150
trace element analysis of some copper containing herbs.siddha system specifies medicinal plants containing various metal constituents for curing ailments. the plants reported as copper containing were subjected to atomic absorption spectrophotometic analysis. among these mangifera indica and coccinia indica were found to contain comparatively higher content of copper while manganese was move in coccinia indica aloe perfoliata, cassia auriculata and nelumbium nicifera.199722556811
diurnal and seasonal changes in the impact of co(2) enrichment on assimilation, stomatal conductance and growth in a long-term study of mangifera indica in the wet-dry tropics of australia.we studied assimilation, stomatal conductance and growth of mangifera indica l. saplings during long-term exposure to a co(2)-enriched atmosphere in the seasonally wet-dry tropics of northern australia. grafted saplings of m. indica were planted in the ground in four air-conditioned, sunlit, plastic-covered chambers and exposed to co(2) at the ambient or an elevated (700 micro mol mol(-1)) concentration for 28 months. light-saturating assimilation (a(max)), stomatal conductance (g(s)), apparent ...199714759852
protein kinase activities in ripening mango, mangifera indica l., fruit tissue. iii. purification and characterisation of a calcium-regulated protein kinase.a calcium-dependent protein kinase (pk-iii), not requiring calmodulin for activity, was purified from extracts of ripening mango fruit tissue. purification was achieved by ammonium sulfate fractionation and sequential anion exchange-, hydrophobic interaction-, dye ligand affinity- and gel filtration chromatography; which allowed a recovery of 1-5% of the total available kinase activity. the final specific activity in the presence of 1 mm ca2+ was consistently 9 nmol min-1mg-1. the purified enzym ...19989748649
trypanosomatid protozoa in plants of southeastern spain: characterization by analysis of isoenzymes, kinetoplast dna, and metabolic behavior.three flagellates of the family trypanosomatidae were isolated from mango fruits (mangifera indica) and from the stems of clover (trifolium glomeratum) and amaranth (amaranthus retroflexus) in southeastern spain and were adapted to in vitro culture in monophase media. the parasites showed an ultrastructural pattern similar to that of other species of the genus phytomonas. mango and clover isolates differed from amaranth isolates in ultrastructural terms. the isolates were characterized by isoenz ...19989610631
production and characterisation of monoclonal antibodies to phytoene synthase of lycopersicon esculentum.monoclonal antibodies have been prepared against the tomato (lycopersicon esculentum mill.) fruit ripening-enhanced phytoene synthase (psy1). the antigen was prepared as a beta-galactosidase fusion protein by cloning a 1.13 kb fragment of psy1 cdna into pur291, followed by transformation of e. coli. the fusion protein, induced by iptg, was purified by preparative sds-page and used to elicit an immune response. the cell lines were screened for cross-reactivity against beta-galactosidase-phytoene ...19989788145
protein kinase activities in ripening mango, mangifera indica l., fruit tissue. i: purification and characterization of a calcium-stimulated casein kinase-i.a ca(2+)-stimulated protein kinase (pk-i), active with dephosphorylated casein as exogenous substrate, was purified from ripening mango fruit. the purification procedure involved 30-70% ammonium sulphate fractionation and sequential anion exchange-, affinity-, hydrophobic interaction- and gel filtration chromatography. pk-i was purified ca. 40-fold with an overall yield of < 1%. the final specific activity in the presence of 0.1 mm ca2+ was 55 nmol min-1 mg-1. analysis of the most highly purifie ...19989507068
antiamoebic and phytochemical screening of some congolese medicinal plants.results from the in vitro antiamoebic activity of some congolese plant extracts used as antidiarrhoeic in traditional medicine indicated that of 45 plant extracts tested, 35 (77.78%) exhibited an antiamoebic activity and 10 (22.22%) were inactive. the highest activity (mic < 100 microg/ml) was obtained with extracts from root bark of paropsia brazzeana, cryptolepis sanguinolenta, alchornea cordifolia, hensia pulchella, maprounea africana, rauwolfia obscura and voacanga africana, leaves and stem ...19989687082
reversed-phase gradient high-performance liquid chromatographic procedure for simultaneous analysis of very polar to nonpolar retinoids, carotenoids and tocopherols in animal and plant samples.a reversed-phase gradient high-performance liquid chromatographic (hplc) procedure, which utilizes gradient elution and detection by a photodiode-array detector, has been developed to analyze simultaneously very polar retinoids, such as 4-oxo-retinoyl-beta-glucuronide, retinoyl beta-glucuronide and 4-oxo-retinoic acid; polar retinoids, such as retinoic acid and retinol; nonpolar retinoids, such as retinyl esters; along with xanthophylls, monohydroxy carotenoids, hydrocarbon carotenoids, and toco ...19989613935
plants from puerto rico with anti-mycobacterium tuberculosis properties.this study assesses the antitubercular potential of natural products obtained from plants reputed to have medicinal properties and collected from the tropical flora of puerto rico.19989883470
microbial stability of mango (mangifera indica l.) juice preserved by combined application of mild heat and extracts of two tropical spices.the microbial stability of mango (mangifera indica l.) juice (ph 4.9) supplemented with extracts of ginger (zingiber officinale) and nutmeg (myristica fragrans) was investigated during 3 months of ambient-temperature storage. heating at 55 degrees c for 15 min markedly reduced the levels of non-spore-forming bacteria and produced a product with acceptable taste. supplementing mango juice with an agueous extract of ginger (15%, vol/vol) or nutmeg (20%, vol/vol) inhibited the growth of challenge m ...19989709257
phenotypic diversity of xanthomonas sp. mangiferaeindicae.carbohydrate utilization profiles by means of the api (appareils et procédés d'identification) system and sensitivity to antibiotics and heavy metal salts of 68 xanthomonas sp. mangiferaeindicae strains isolated in nine countries from mango (mangifera indica l.) and other genera of the anacardiaceae were examined to assess the variability of the taxon. the strains could be separated into 10 groups according to ward clustering. apigmented strains isolated from the pepper tree [syn. brazilian pepp ...199815244066
evaluation of ash from some tropical plants of nigeria for the control of sclerotium rolfsii sacc. on wheat (triticum aestivum l.).eleven ash samples, from organs of nine tropical plants, were screened for their abilities to inhibit mycelial growth and sclerotial germination of a nigerian isolate of sclerotium rolfsii on agar and in the soil. ten ash samples showed some activity against mycelial growth of s. rolfsii in vitro. ash samples from delonix regia stem wood, mangifera indica leaf and vernonia amygdalina leaf were most effective as each totally inhibited mycelial growth of s. rolfsii in vitro. ocimum gratissimum lea ...199816284852
bacterial apical necrosis of mango in southern spain: a disease caused by pseudomonas syringae pv. syringae.abstract a necrotic bacterial disease of mango trees (mangifera indica) in spain affecting buds, leaves, and stems is described for the first time. necrosis of flower and vegetative buds on commercial trees during winter dormancy was the most destructive symptom of the disease. the apical necrosis is caused by pseudomonas syringae, which was always isolated from mango trees with disease symptoms. of 95 bacterial strains isolated from symptomatic tissues and characterized from 1992 to 1997, over ...199818944933
a review of implications of antiquality and toxic components in unconventional feedstuffs advocated for use in intensive animal production in nigeria.there are a number of unconventional feed resources in nigeria. most are rich sources of plant protein. since protein is the most expensive and limiting nutrient in tropical livestock nutrition, these unconventional feed resources may fill a gap in protein deficiency. however, most contain antiquality and toxic components which make them unsafe as protein and carbohydrate sources in livestock nutrition. the presence of saponins, lectins, tannins, trypsin inhibitors, cyanogenic glucoside and othe ...19989467208
novel weight-reducing activity of galega officinalis in mice.galega officinalis (galega, goat's rue, french lilac) is well known for its hypoglycaemic action and has been used as part of a plant mixture in the treatment of diabetes mellitus. during pharmacological investigations of an ethanolic extract of a powdered mixture of equal proportions of g. officinalis, cressa cretica, mangifera indica and syzygium jambolanum, a weight reducing effect of galega was discovered. in this study we have investigated the novel weight reducing effect of galega in mice. ...199910632090
metabolic effects of sulfur dioxide fumigation on mangifera indica plants. 199910594152
antihyperglycaemic effect of mangifera indica in rat.the leaves of mangifera indica are used as an antidiabetic agent in nigerian folk medicine. to determine whether or not there is a scientific basis for this use, the effect of the aqueous extract of the leaves on blood glucose level was assessed in normoglycaemic, glucose - induced hyperglycaemic and streptozotocin (stz)-induced diabetic rats. the aqueous extract given orally (1 g/kg) did not alter the blood glucose levels in either normoglycaemic or stz-induced diabetic rats. in glucose - induc ...199910479762
relating x-ray absorption and some quality characteristics of mango fruit (mangifera indica l.).x-ray absorption was used as an index to detect the quality of mango based on its relationship with density, moisture content, soluble solids, titratable acidity, and ph. a regression equation was obtained between the computed tomography (ct) number and the physicochemical properties based on the principle of x-ray absorption capacities of the fruit. the ct numbers of intact mangoes were positively correlated with density, moisture content, and titratable acidity. the soluble solids and ph were ...199910552728
an overnight chill induces a delayed inhibition of photosynthesis at midday in mango (mangifera indica l.).the effect of a cold night on photosynthesis in herbaceous chilling-sensitive crops, like tomato, has been extensively studied and is well characterized. this investigation examined the behaviour of the sub-tropical fruit tree, mango, to enable comparison with these well-studied systems. unlike tomato, chilling between 5 degrees c and 7 degrees c overnight produced no significant inhibition of light-saturated co(2) assimilation (a:) during the first hours following rewarming, measured either und ...200011113167
protective effects of mangifera indica l. extract, mangiferin and selected antioxidants against tpa-induced biomolecules oxidation and peritoneal macrophage activation in mice.we compared the protective abilities of mangifera indica l. stem bark extract (vimang) 50-250 mgkg(-1), mangiferin 50 mgkg(-1), vitamin c 100 mgkg(-1), vitamin e 100 mgkg(-1)and beta -carotene 50 mgkg(-1)against the 12-o-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (tpa)-induced oxidative damage in serum, liver, brain as well as in the hyper-production of reactive oxygen species (ros) by peritoneal macrophages. the treatment of mice with vimang, vitamin e and mangiferin reduced the tpa-induced production of ...200011058410
enzymatic degradation of cell wall polysaccharides from mango (mangifera indica l.) puree.ripe mango puree (smith cultivar) was treated with fungal polysaccharidases containing pectinolytic, hemicellulolytic, and cellulolytic activities for 2 h at 50 degrees c. a loss of 30% of the cell wall material (cwm) was measured. cwm polysaccharides were hydrolyzed to varying degrees: 88, 65, and 65% of, respectively, galacturonic acid-, arabinose-, and rhamnose-containing polymers were hydrolyzed, whereas 50% of cellulose was degraded. after 30 min of treatment, the ethanol precipitation test ...200010898610
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