TitleAbstractYear(sorted descending)
delayed density-dependent prevalence of sin nombre virus infection in deer mice (peromyscus maniculatus) in central and western montana.understanding how transmission of zoonoses takes place within reservoir populations, such as sin nombre virus (snv) among deer mice (peromyscus maniculatus), is important in determining the risk of exposure to other hosts, including humans. in this study, we examined the relationship between deer mouse populations and the prevalence of antibodies to snv, a system where the effect of host population abundance on transmission is debated. we examined the relationship between abundance of deer mice ...201121269997
genetic evidence of hantavirus infections in wild rodents from northwestern colombia.this report builds on recent serological evidence for the presence of hantavirus in northern colombia by providing sequence-specific and phylogenetic data of hantavirus infections in wild rodents. from august 2007 to august 2008, 354 rodent specimens representing four families were collected in the northwestern antioquia region of colombia. antibodies reactive to sin nombre virus and maciel virus antigens by igg enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay were found in 15 of 109 (14%) cherries cane rats ( ...201121284514
inactivation of hantaviruses by n-ethylmaleimide preserves virion integrity.thiol groups of cysteine residues are crucial for the infectivity of various enveloped viruses, but their role in the infectivity of viruses of the family bunyaviridae has thus far not been studied. this report shows that thiol groups are essential to the infectivity of hantaviruses. alkylation of the thiol functional groups using the membrane-permeable compound n-ethylmaleimide (nem) and membrane-impermeable compound 5,5'-dithio-bis-(2-nitrobenzoic acid) (dtnb) showed nem to be a highly effecti ...201121289161
hantavirus infection in istanbul, turkey. 201121291612
genetic detection of dobrava/belgrade virus, bulgaria. 201121291615
characterization of the interaction between hantavirus nucleocapsid protein (n) and ribosomal protein s19 (rps19).hantaviruses, members of the bunyaviridae family, are negative-stranded emerging rna viruses and category a pathogens that cause serious illness when transmitted to humans through aerosolized excreta of infected rodent hosts. hantaviruses have evolved a novel translation initiation mechanism, operated by nucleocapsid protein (n), which preferentially facilitates the translation of viral mrnas. n binds to the ribosomal protein s19 (rps19), a structural component of the 40 s ribosomal subunit. in ...201121296889
concomitant influence of helminth infection and landscape on the distribution of puumala hantavirus in its reservoir, myodes glareolus.puumala virus, the agent of nephropathia epidemica (ne), is the most prevalent hantavirus in europe. the risk for human infection seems to be strongly correlated with the prevalence of puumala virus (puuv) in populations of its reservoir host species, the bank vole myodes glareolus. in humans, the infection risks of major viral diseases are affected by the presence of helminth infections. we therefore proposed to analyse the influence of both helminth community and landscape on the prevalence of ...201121303497
genetic diversity of imjin virus in the ussuri white-toothed shrew (crocidura lasiura) in the republic of korea, 2004-2010.recently, imjin virus (mjnv), a genetically distinct hantavirus, was isolated from lung tissues of the ussuri white-toothed shrew (crocidura lasiura) captured near the demilitarized zone in the republic of korea. to clarify the genetic diversity of mjnv, partial m- and l-segment sequences were amplified from lung tissues of 12 of 37 (32.4%) anti-mjnv igg antibody-positive ussuri white-toothed shrews captured between 2004 and 2010. a 531-nucleotide region of the m segment (coordinates 2,255 to 2, ...201121303516
[bilateral acute angle-closure glaucoma due to an infection with hantavirus].a poor general condition of patients with hemorrhagic fever and elevated creatinine should raise suspicion of a systemic infection with hantavirus. this can often also cause ocular changes. above all, changes of intraocular pressure, in our case bilateral acute angle-closure glaucoma, due to edema and hemorrhage in the ciliary body result in anterolateral rotation of the iris-lens diaphragm with closure of the chamber angle. it can also cause a transient myopia, and intraretinal hemorrhages can ...201121327947
high activity of indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase is associated with renal insufficiency in puumala hantavirus induced nephropathia epidemica.nephropathia epidemica (ne) is a hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome caused by puumala hantavirus. the severity of ne varies greatly. the aim of the present study was to evaluate whether serum indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (ido) activity is associated with the severity of ne. a prospectively collected cohort of 102 consecutive patients with acute serologically confirmed ne was examined. serum kynurenine, tryptophan, creatinine, crp, and blood cell count were measured for up to 5 consecutive days ...201121328391
rodent community structure and andes virus infection in sylvan and peridomestic habitats in northwestern patagonia, argentina.modifications of natural habitat in peridomestic rural areas could affect original rodent community composition, diversity, and evenness. in zoonoses such as hantavirus pulmonary syndrome, the presence of a diverse community can dilute the impact of the principal reservoir, reducing risk to humans. the goal of this study was to examine rodent community composition, abundance of andes virus (andv) host (oligoryzomys longicaudatus), andv prevalence, and temporal variability associated with rural p ...201121332352
arenaviruses and hantaviruses: from epidemiology and genomics to antivirals.the arenaviruses and hantaviruses are segmented genome rna viruses that are hosted by rodents. due to their association with rodents, they are globally widespread and can infect humans via direct or indirect routes of transmission, causing considerable human morbidity and mortality. nevertheless, despite their obvious and emerging importance as pathogens, there are currently no effective antiviral drugs (except ribavirin which proved effective against lassa virus) with which to treat humans infe ...201121356244
hantavirus-specific iga in saliva and viral antigen in the parotid gland in patients with hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome.the hantavirus genus comprises rodent borne, zoonotic viruses of the bunyaviridae family that cause hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (hfrs) in eurasia and hantavirus cardiopulmonary syndrome (hcps) in the americas. rodent saliva contains infectious hantavirus and evidence suggests that hantavirus is also shed in human saliva, but person-to-person transmission is rare. in saliva, immunoglobulin (ig) a is the predominant immunoglobulin class. secretory iga serves as an important first line of ...201121360546
using geographic information system-based ecologic niche models to forecast the risk of hantavirus infection in shandong province, china.hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (hfrs) is an important public health problem in shandong province, china. in this study, we combined ecologic niche modeling with geographic information systems (gis) and remote sensing techniques to identify the risk factors and affected areas of hantavirus infections in rodent hosts. land cover and elevation were found to be closely associated with the presence of hantavirus-infected rodent hosts. the averaged area under the receiver operating characterist ...201121363991
the c-terminal 42 residues of the tula virus gn protein regulate interferon induction.hantaviruses primarily infect the endothelial cell lining of capillaries and cause two vascular permeability-based diseases. the ability of pathogenic hantaviruses to regulate the early induction of interferon determines whether hantaviruses replicate in endothelial cells. tula virus (tulv) and prospect hill virus (phv) are hantaviruses which infect human endothelial cells but fail to cause human disease. phv is unable to inhibit early interferon (ifn) responses and fails to replicate within hum ...201121367904
seroepidemiological survey of hantavirus infection in healthy people in vallès occidental, barcelona.hantaviruses are the etiological agents of hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome in europe and asia, and hantavirus pulmonary syndrome in america. approximately 150,000 cases are reported annually worldwide. in spain, some hantavirus infection cases have been described. besides, rodents that have been described as hantavirus reservoirs are present. the aim of the present study was to determinate the seroprevalence of hantavirus in humans in the northeast of spain.201121417923
comparison of hantaan and seoul viral infections among patients with hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (hfrs) in heilongjiang, china.hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (hfrs) is a serious public health problem in china, and is primarily caused by either the hantaan virus (htnv) or seoul virus (seov) strains. however, the causative hantavirus has only been definitively identified in a few hfrs cases, and detailed comparisons of patient data for the 2 strains are limited.201121428852
presence of activated airway t lymphocytes in human puumala hantavirus disease.hantaviruses cause two clinical syndromes: hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (hfrs) and hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (hps). the clinical spectrum in hfrs also often involves respiratory symptoms. as information about the pulmonary pathogenesis in hfrs is limited, we aimed to further study the local airway immune response in the lower airways.201121436245
prevalence of hantavirus infection in wild rodents from five provinces in korea, 2007.hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (hfrs) is an infectious disease caused by hantaviruses of the family bunyaviridae. among them, hantaan virus (htnv) is most widely distributed in korea. the striped field mouse, apodemus agrarius, is the natural host of htnv in rural korea. we trapped 766 small mammals of three species (1 eothenomys regulus, 13 crocidura suaveolens, and 752 apodemus agrarius) in five provinces in korea from january to december 2007. we tested 542 rodent sera for htnv antibod ...201121441196
detection of hantaviruses in brazilian rodents by sybr-green-based real-time rt-pcr.current knowledge of the pathogenic hantavirus indicates that wild rodents are its primary natural reservoir. specific primers to detect the presence of viral genomes were developed using an sybr-green-based real-time rt-pcr protocol. one hundred sixty-four rodents native to the atlantic forest biome were captured in são paulo state, brazil, and their tissues were tested. the presence of hantavirus rna was detected in sixteen rodents: three specimens of akodon montensis, three of akodon cursor, ...201121442233
recent advances in hantavirus molecular biology and disease.hantaviruses are emerging zoonotic pathogens that belong to the bunyaviridae family. they have been classified as category a pathogens by cdc (centers for disease control and prevention). hantaviruses pose a serious threat to human health because their infection causes two highly fatal diseases, hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (hfrs) and hantavirus cardiopulmonary syndrome (hcps). these pathogens are transmitted to humans through aerosolized excreta of their infected rodent hosts. hantavir ...201121459193
epidemiological study on hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome in flood investigate the infection of hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (hfrs) in host animals and inapparent infection of hfrs in general population in dongting lake areas after floods.201121464543
serosurvey of hantavirus infection in humans in the border region between brazil and argentina.according to reports by the ministry of health, in the far western region of the state of santa catarina, there have been no reports of hantavirus pulmonary syndrome, a zoonotic disease transmitted by feces of infected rodents. a seroepidemiological study of residents of this region, was conducted, with the aim of determining the presence of hantavirus infections. a total of 340 volunteers of both genus, from the towns of belmonte and paraíso, were studied.201121468477
complement activation in puumala hantavirus infection correlates with disease severity.abstract introduction. hantaviruses are important human pathogens that cause clinical diseases characterized by renal and cardiopulmonary manifestations. their pathogenesis is currently poorly understood. we have studied the role of the complement system in the pathogenesis of puumala (puuv) hantavirus infection. material and methods. we studied the activation of complement by measuring the terminal complement complex sc5b-9 and complement component c3 and c4 levels in patients with acute puuv i ...201121495786
viral infections in workers in hospital and research laboratory settings: a comparative review of infection modes and respective biosafety compare modes and sources of infection and clinical and biosafety aspects of accidental viral infections in hospital workers and research laboratory staff reported in scientific articles.201121497126
structural characterization of the crimean-congo hemorrhagic fever virus gn tail provides insight into virus assembly.the rna virus that causes the crimean congo hemorrhagic fever (cchf) is a tick-borne pathogen of the nairovirus genus, family bunyaviridae. unlike many zoonotic viruses that are only passed between animals and humans, the cchf virus can also be transmitted from human to human with an overall mortality rate approaching 30%. currently, there are no atomic structures for any cchf virus proteins nor for any nairovirus proteins. a critical component of the virus is the envelope gn glycoprotein, which ...201121507948
biogeographic and ecological regulation of disease: prevalence of sin nombre virus in island mice is related to island area, precipitation, and predator richness.the relative roles of top-down and bottom-up forces in affecting disease prevalence in wild hosts is important for understanding disease dynamics and human disease risk. we found that the prevalence of sin nombre virus (snv), the agent of a severe disease in humans (hantavirus pulmonary syndrome), in island deer mice from the eight california channel islands was greater with increased precipitation (a measure of productivity), greater island area, and fewer species of rodent predators. in findin ...201121508614
human pathogenic hantaviruses and prevention of infection.hantaviruses are emerging viruses which are hosted by small mammals. when transmitted to humans, they can cause two clinical syndromes, hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome or hantavirus cardiopulmonary syndrome. the review compiles the current list of hantaviruses which are thought to be pathogenic in humans on the basis of molecular or at least serological evidence. whereas induction of a neutralizing humoral immune response is considered to be protective against infection, the dual role of c ...201121508676
platelet ligands and adamts13 during puumala hantavirus infection and associated thrombocytopenia.we aimed here to elucidate the role of adhesive platelet ligands and endothelial involvement during the acute phase of puumala hantavirus (puuv) infection. nineteen hospital-treated patients with serologically confirmed diagnosis of acute puuv infection were included. patient charts were reviewed for clinical and basic laboratory data. plasma levels of von willebrand factor antigen (vwf: ag), ristocetin cofactor (vwf: rco), factor viii (fviii: c) and a disintegrin and metalloproteinase with a th ...201121508829
the delicate pygmy rice rat (oligoryzomys delicatus) is the principal host of maporal virus (family bunyaviridae, genus hantavirus).abstract choclo virus (chov) and maporal virus (mapv) are enzootic in panama and western venezuela, respectively. the results of previous studies suggested that the fulvous pygmy rice rat (oligoryzomys fulvescens) is the principal host of both viruses. the results of an analysis of nucleotide sequence data in this study indicated that the rodent associated with chov is the costa rican pygmy rice rat (oligoryzomys costaricensis) and that the rodent associated with mapv is the delicate pygmy rice ...201121548760
maporal virus as a surrogate for pathogenic new world hantaviruses and its inhibition by favipiravir.pathogenic hantaviruses geographically distributed in the old world cause haemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (hfrs), whereas new world hantaviruses are the aetiological agents of hantavirus cardiopulmonary syndrome (hcps). ribavirin, a drug associated with toxicities, is presently indicated for treatment of hfrs, whereas treatment of the more frequently lethal hcps is limited to supportive care. because of the need for safe and effective antivirals to treat severe hantaviral infections, we e ...201121566265
expression of recombinant araraquara hantavirus nucleoprotein in insect cells and its use as an antigen for immunodetection compared to the same antigen expressed in escherichia coli.abstract: background: antigens for hantavirus serological tests have been produced using dna recombinant technology for more than twenty years. several different strategies have been used for that purpose. all of them avoid the risks and difficulties involved in multiplying hantavirus in the laboratory. in brazil, the araraquara virus is one of the main causes of hantavirus cardio-pulmonary syndrome (hcps). methods. in this investigation, we report the expression of the n protein of the araraqua ...201121569341
infection of human monocyte-derived dendritic cells by andes hantavirus enhances pro-inflammatory state, the secretion of active mmp-9 and indirectly enhances endothelial permeability.abstract:201121569520
detection of dobrava-belgrade hantavirus using recombinant-nucleocapsid-based enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and sybr green-based real-time reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction.dobrava (dobv) hantaviruses belong to the genus hantavirus, family bunyaviridae, and are carried by yellow-necked and striped field mice. the goal of this study was to detect dobv using serological and genetic methods in apodemus rodents in hungary and in northern croatia. during the study period, a total of 125 apodemus sp. (67 a. agrarius, 58 a. flavicollis) were tested for the presence of hantaviruses, and 21 rodents (17%) were positive by rrt-pcr and/or elisa. we conclude that the prevalence ...201121573689
phylogenetic analysis of puumala virus subtype bavaria, characterization and diagnostic use of its recombinant nucleocapsid protein.puumala virus (puuv) is the predominant hantavirus species in germany causing large numbers of mild to moderate cases of haemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (hfrs). during an outbreak in south-east germany in 2004 a novel puuv subtype designated bavaria was identified as the causative agent of hfrs in humans [1]. here we present a molecular characterization of this puuv strain by investigating novel partial and almost entire nucleocapsid (n) protein-encoding small (s-) segment sequences and p ...201121598005
pulmonary high-resolution computed tomography findings in nephropathia epidemica.purpose: to evaluate lung high-resolution computed tomography (hrct) findings in patients with puumala hantavirus-induced nephropathia epidemica (ne), and to determine if these findings correspond to chest radiograph findings. materials and methods: hrct findings and clinical course were studied in 13 hospital-treated ne patients. chest radiograph findings were studied in 12 of them. results: twelve patients (92%) showed lung parenchymal abnormalities in hrct, while only 8 had changes in their c ...201121600717
serum levels of inflammatory and regulatory cytokines in patients with hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome.abstract: background: hantaviruses are the causative agents of two zoonotic diseases: hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (hfrs) and hantavirus cardiopulmonary syndrome (hcps). the pathogenesis of hfrs is poorly understood. however, it has been suggested that immune mechanisms, including cytokines, might have an important role in hfrs pathogenesis. thus, the aim of our study was to investigate cytokine profiles in serum samples of hfrs patients from slovenia and explore a possible correlation ...201121605369
environmental factors affecting transmission risk for hantaviruses in forested portions of southern brazil.using ecological niche modeling approaches, we assessed suites of environmental factors to identify areas of transmission risk in forested regions of southern brazil. we studied all officially confirmed cases from the epidemiological surveillance system of the brazilian health ministry from atlantic forest and araucaria forest areas of southern brazil (n=264), during 1993-2008. among climate-related influences associated with hantavirus cases, winter precipitation and high photosynthetic mass (e ...201121605537
seroprevalence study in forestry workers of a non-endemic region in eastern germany reveals infections by tula and dobrava-belgrade hantaviruses.highly endemic and outbreak regions for human hantavirus infections are located in the southern, southeastern, and western parts of germany. the dominant hantavirus is the bank vole transmitted puumala virus (puuv). in the eastern part of germany, previous investigations revealed tula virus (tulv) and dobrava-belgrade virus (dobv) infections in the respective rodent reservoirs. here, we describe a seroprevalence study in forestry workers from brandenburg, eastern germany, using igg elisa and imm ...201121611907
glomerulonephritis emerging shortly after puumala hantavirus infection: a report on 7 patients.aims: nephropathia epidemica (ne) is mild type of hemorrhagic fever caused by puumala (puu) hantavirus. renal biopsy typically shows acute tubulointerstitial nephritis and complete recovery is the usual outcome. we previously described 5 patients with membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis (mpgn) after acute ne. we now report on 7 more patients who developed biopsy-confirmed glomerulonephritis (gn) during the convalescent phase of ne. material and methods: we present case histories of 7 patien ...201121612760
prospective study on ocular findings in acute puumala hantavirus infection in hospitalised appraise the ocular manifestations of puumala hantavirus evoked haemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome nephropathia epidemica (ne) and to clarify the mechanisms of ocular changes in the largest series of patients examined to date.201120679079
a possible case of hantavirus infection in a borneo orangutan and its conservation implication.natural infection of hantavirus in orangutans has never been reported.201120722771
non-human primates in outdoor enclosures: risk for infection with rodent-borne hantaviruses.different species of non-human primates have been exploited as animal disease models for human hantavirus infections. to study the potential risk of natural hantavirus infection of non-human primates, we investigated serum samples from non-human primates of three species living in outdoor enclosures of the german primate center (gpc), göttingen, located in a hantavirus endemic region of central germany. for that purpose we used serological assays based on recombinant antigens of the bank vole (m ...201120727685
puumala virus infection: radiologic findings.a 33-year-old male patient was admitted to our nephrology department with rapidly deteriorating general health, fever, respiratory difficulties, and acute renal failure. computed tomography of the thorax revealed interstitial edema with thickening of the interlobular septa, peribronchial cuffing, ground-glass opacities, and small pleural and pericardial effusions. polymerase chain reaction tests verified puumala virus infection. the patient recovered with supportive treatment. hantavirus infecti ...201120736852
genetic evidence for the presence of two distinct hantaviruses associated with apodemus mice in croatia and analysis of local europe, dobrava-belgrade (dobv), saaremaa (saav), and puumala (puuv) viruses are known to cause hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (hfrs). all three hantaviruses are now found in croatia. lung tissue samples of 315 apodemus mice trapped in 2003-2004 were screened for the presence of hantaviral n-ag and 20 mice (6.3%) were found either strongly positive or weak/suspected-positive. partial sequences of hantavirus m and s segments were recovered by rt-pcr from six mice and subjected to (phylo ...201121108346
detection of crimean-congo hemorrhagic fever, hanta, and sandfly fever viruses by real-time rt-pcr.the development of sensitive and specific nucleic acid diagnostic assays for viral pathogens is essential for proper medical intervention. this chapter describes four fluorescence-based pcr assays to detect the crimean-congo hemorrhagic fever (cchfv), andes (andv), hantaan (hanv), and sandfly fever sicilian (sfsv) viruses. these assays are based on species-specific hydrolysis probes targeting the nucleocapsid protein gene for cchfv and sfsv and the glycoprotein gene for andv and hanv. all four a ...201121116810
environmental risk factors for haemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome in a french new epidemic area.summaryin france, haemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (hfrs) is endemic along the belgian border. however, this rodent-borne zoonosis caused by the puumala virus has recently spread south to the franche-comté region. we investigated the space-time distribution of hfrs and evaluated the influence of environmental factors that drive the hantavirus reservoir abundance and/or the disease transmission in this area. a scan test clearly indicated space-time clustering, highlighting a single-year (20 ...201120822577
hantavirus protein interactions regulate cellular functions and signaling responses.rodent-borne pathogenic hantaviruses cause two severe and often lethal zoonotic diseases: hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (hfrs) in eurasia and hantavirus cardiopulmonary syndrome (hcps) in the americas. currently, no us fda-approved therapeutics or vaccines are available for hfrs/hcps. infections with hantaviruses are not lytic, and it is currently not known exactly why infections in humans cause disease. a better understanding of how hantaviruses interfere with normal cell functions and ...201121171876
hantavirus outbreak in western europe: reservoir host infection dynamics related to human disease patterns.within europe, puumala virus (puuv) is the causal agent of nephropathia epidemica (ne) in humans, a zoonotic disease with increasing significance in recent years. in a region of belgium with a historically high incidence of ne, bank voles (the puuv reservoir hosts), were monitored for puuv igg antibody prevalence in nine study sites before, during, and after the highest ne outbreak recorded in belgium in 2005. we found that the highest numbers of puuv igg-positive voles coincided with the peak o ...201120450527
[dynamics of hantavirus detection in the excretory organs of apodemus mice and its relation to epidemic manifestations of hantavirus infection].this paper presents data on the detection of hantavirus in the excretory organs of apodemus mice which are natural carriers of pathogenic hantaviral serotypes in the primorye region. acute infection periods were detected in naturally infected rodents with the highest hantavirus dissemination to the environment in different phases of rodent population cycles. there was a relationship between the rise of morbidity and the seasonal manifestation of hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome morbidity an ...201020455471
pathology of black creek canal virus infection in juvenile hispid cotton rats (sigmodon hispidus).the purpose of this study was to assess the effect of inoculum dose on the pathogenesis of black creek canal virus (bccv) infection in the hispid cotton rat (sigmodon hispidus), the principal host of bccv. no sign of illness was observed in any of the 52 juvenile hispid cotton rats inoculated with 3.1, 1.1, -0.9, or -2.9 log(10) median infectious doses(veroe6) (id(50-veroe6)) of bccv and euthanized on day 9, 18, 27, or 54 postinoculation (pi). analysis of virus assay and serological data indicat ...201020455779
models for the spread and persistence of hantavirus infection in rodents with direct and indirect transmission.hantavirus, a zoonotic disease carried by wild rodents, is spread among rodents via direct contact and indirectly via infected rodent excreta in the soil. spillover to humans is primarily via the indirect route through inhalation of aerosolized viral particles. rodent-hantavirus models that include direct and indirect transmission and periodically varying demographic and epidemiological parameters are studied in this investigation. two models are analyzed, a nonautonomous system of differential ...201020462286
pathogenic hantaviruses andes virus and hantaan virus induce adherens junction disassembly by directing vascular endothelial cadherin internalization in human endothelial cells.hantaviruses infect endothelial cells and cause 2 vascular permeability-based diseases. pathogenic hantaviruses enhance the permeability of endothelial cells in response to vascular endothelial growth factor (vegf). however, the mechanism by which hantaviruses hyperpermeabilize endothelial cells has not been defined. the paracellular permeability of endothelial cells is uniquely determined by the homophilic assembly of vascular endothelial cadherin (ve-cadherin) within adherens junctions, which ...201020463083
a case report of crescentic glomerulonephritis associated with hantaan virus infection.although various glomerular diseases in hantavirus infection have been reported, an association between hantavirus infection and crescentic glomerulonephritis has not been described. herein, we report a case of immune complex-mediated crescentic glomerulonephritis in a 70-year-old man with hantaan virus infection.201020466689
comparison of the effects of puumala and dobrava viruses on early and long-term renal outcomes in patients with haemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome.the clinical course and outcome of patients with haemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (hfrs) caused by puumala (puuv) and dobrava viruses (dobv) were analyzed and whether it left long-term consequences on kidney function after 10 years was evaluated.201020470304
the severity of puumala hantavirus induced nephropathia epidemica can be better evaluated using plasma interleukin-6 than c-reactive protein determinations.nephropathia epidemica (ne) is a scandinavian type of hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome caused by puumala hantavirus. the clinical course of the disease varies greatly in severity. the aim of the present study was to evaluate whether plasma c-reactive protein (crp) and interleukin (il)-6 levels associate with the severity of ne.201020500875
the severity of acute puumala hantavirus infection does not predict the long-term outcome of patients.we have found greater urinary protein excretion and higher glomerular filtration rate (gfr) and blood pressure in patients 6 years after acute nephropathia epidemica (ne) compared with seronegative controls. the present aim was to establish whether the long-term outcome is determined by the severity of acute illness.201020502044
steep rise in notified hantavirus infections in germany, april 2010.from january to april 2010, 396 hantavirus infections were notified in germany, a considerable increase compared with previous years (mean: 83 for january-april 2004-2009) including the record-setting year, 2007 (n=232 january-april). most patients are residents of known puumala virus endemic areas in southern germany. the recent increase in notified hantavirus infections is probably due to an increased population density of the main animal reservoir, the bank vole (myodes glareolus).201020504391
generation and characterization of genetic reassortants between puumala and prospect hill hantavirus in vitro.hantaviruses belong to the family bunyaviridae characterized by tri-segmented rna genomes. depending on the hantavirus species, infection can lead to hantavirus cardiopulmonary or haemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome. in vitro studies suggest that pathogenic hantaviruses evade induction of innate antiviral responses, and this ability might determine the virulence in humans. since reverse genetic systems are not available, in vitro reassortment is currently the only way to culture defined hanta ...201020505009
relationship of human behavior within outbuildings to potential exposure to sin nombre virus in western montana.sin nombre virus (snv) causes hantavirus cardiopulmonary syndrome (hcps) in humans. transmission of snv among the deer mouse (peromyscus maniculatus) host predominates during spring and summer, and is greater in peridomestic than sylvan settings where, protected from uv light, snv may survive longer. incidence of hcps reflects these times and settings and is associated with inhalation of mouse excreta. little is known, however, about how human use of outbuildings contributes to potential exposur ...201020508970
hantaviruses.hantaviruses affect people worldwide, yet they remain poorly understood. this article explores the known history of hantaviruses. it describes diagnostic methods and potential options for treatment and prevention.201020513542
sin nombre virus-specific immunoglobulin m and g kinetics in hantavirus pulmonary syndrome and the role played by serologic responses in predicting disease outcome.sin nombre virus (snv) is the primary cause of hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (hps) in the united states. although other studies have demonstrated a possible association between neutralizing antibody titers and the severity of hps, the exact nature of serologic responses and their association with outcomes have not been fully characterized.201020521946
convalescent pulmonary dysfunction following hantavirus pulmonary syndrome in panama and the united states.the objective of this study was to document persistent pulmonary symptoms and pulmonary function abnormalities in adults surviving hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (hps). acute infection by most hantaviruses result in mortality rates of 25-35%, while in panama the mortality rate of 10% is contrasted by an unusually high incidence. in all types of hps, the viral prodrome, cardiopulmonary phase due to massive pulmonary capillary leak syndrome, and spontaneous diuresis are followed by a convalescent p ...201020524006
ecology of hantavirus in a changing world.hantavirus is a genus of virus represented by 45 different species and is hosted by small mammals, predominantly rats and mice. roughly, half of all hantaviruses cause diseases in humans that vary in morbidity from mild to severe. the natural and anthropogenic changes occurring in the environment appear to be impacting the ecology of hantaviruses and their natural hosts as well as the incidence of hantaviral diseases in humans. although such studies are limited at this time, there is evidence th ...201020536819
central nervous system-related symptoms and findings are common in acute puumala hantavirus infection.puumala hantavirus (puuv) causes a hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (hfrs) also called nephropathia epidemica (ne). recent case reports and retrospective studies suggest that ne may damage the pituitary gland. based on these observations, our goal was to explore the nature of this complication prospectively.201020545485
[hantavirus infection associated to a staphylococcal sepsis. report of one case].we report a previously healthy 36-year-old mole who developed a pulmonary syndrome caused by hantavirus infection. he was admitted to an intensive care unit in shock and respiratory failure and died four hours after admission. blood cultures were positive for staphylococcus aureus. this patient could be an index case that shows, for the first time, an association of hantavirus pulmonary syndrome with staphylococcus aureus infection similar to what happens with other viruses.201020556338
interaction between hantaviral nucleocapsid protein and the cytoplasmic tail of surface glycoprotein gn.hantaviral n and gn proteins were shown to interact, thus providing the long-awaited evidence for one of the crucial steps in the virus replication at which rnps are directed to the site of the virus assembly. using pull-down assay and point mutagenesis it was demonstrated that intact, properly folded zinc fingers in the gn protein cytoplasmic tail as well as the middle domain of the n protein (that includes aa residues 80-248) are essential for the interaction.201020566401
new world hantaviruses activate ifnlambda production in type i ifn-deficient vero e6 cells.hantaviruses indigenous to the new world are the etiologic agents of hantavirus cardiopulmonary syndrome (hcps). these viruses induce a strong interferon-stimulated gene (isg) response in human endothelial cells. african green monkey-derived vero e6 cells are used to propagate hantaviruses as well as many other viruses. the utility of the vero e6 cell line for virus production is thought to owe to their lack of genes encoding type i interferons (ifn), rendering them unable to mount an efficient ...201020567522
the triplet repeats of the sin nombre hantavirus 5' untranslated region are sufficient in cis for nucleocapsid-mediated translation initiation.hantavirus nucleocapsid protein (n) can replace the cellular cap-binding complex, eukaryotic initiation factor 4f (eif4f), to mediate translation initiation. although n can augment translation initiation of nonviral mrna, initiation of viral mrna by n is superior. all members of the bunyaviridae family, including the species of the hantavirus genus, express either three or four primary mrnas from their tripartite negative-sense genomes. the 5' ends of the mrnas contain nonviral heterologous olig ...201020573811
enhanced thrombin formation and fibrinolysis during acute puumala hantavirus infection.nephropathia epidemica (ne) is a viral hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome associated with thrombocytopenia and mild bleeding. we assessed activation of coagulation and fibrinolysis during the acute phase of ne.201020579693
hantavirus infections in fluctuating host populations: the role of maternal antibodies.infected females may transfer maternal antibodies (matabs) to their offspring, which may then be transiently protected against infections the mother has encountered. however, the role of maternal protection in infectious disease dynamics in wildlife has largely been neglected. here, we investigate the effects of puumala hantavirus (puuv)-specific matabs on puuv dynamics, using 7 years' data from a cyclic bank vole population in finland. for the first time to our knowledge, we partition seroposit ...201020591866
genetic analysis of a hantavirus strain carried by niviventer confucianus in yunnan province, china.hantavirus genome sequences were recovered from lung tissues of chinese white-bellied rats (niviventer confucianus) captured in yunnan province, china. pairwise comparison of the nucleotide and deduced amino acid sequences of the entire s and partial m and l segments indicated that the newly discovered virus strain, which was designated as strain yn509, was very different from other rodent-borne hantaviruses. phylogenetic analysis showed that the new strain fit into a clade containing da bie sha ...201020600393
development of a lentiviral vector system to study the role of the andes virus infect target cells, enveloped viruses use their virion surface proteins to direct cell attachment and subsequent entry via virus-cell membrane fusion. how hantaviruses enter cells has been largely unexplored. to study early steps of andes virus (andv) cell infection, a lentiviral vector system was developed based on a simian immunodeficiency virus (siv) vector pseudotyped with the andv-gn/gc envelope glycoproteins. the incorporation of gn and gc onto siv-derived vector particles was assessed ...201020619306
modulation of apoptosis and immune signaling pathways by the hantaan virus nucleocapsid protein.herein, we show a direct relationship between the hantaan virus (htnv) nucleocapsid (n) protein and the modulation of apoptosis. we observed an increase in caspase-7 and -8, but not -9 in cells expressing htnv n protein mutants lacking amino acids 270-330. similar results were observed for the new world hantavirus, andes virus. nuclear factor kappa b (nf-kappab) was sequestered in the cytoplasm after tumor necrosis factor receptor (tnfr) stimulation in cells expressing htnv n protein. further, t ...201020227103
beechnuts and outbreaks of nephropathia epidemica (ne): of mast, mice and men. 201020237057
truncated hantavirus nucleocapsid proteins for serotyping sin nombre, andes, and laguna negra hantavirus infections in humans and rodents.sin nombre virus (snv), andes virus (andv), and laguna negra virus (lanv) have been known as the dominant causative agents of hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (hps). andv and lanv, with different patterns of pathogenicity, exist in a sympatric relationship. moreover, there is documented evidence of person-to-person transmission of andv. therefore, it is important in clinical medicine and epidemiology to know the serotype of a hantavirus causing infection. truncated snv, andv, and lanv recombinant n ...201020335425
hantavirus pulmonary syndrome, french guiana. 201020350412
high-resolution computed tomography findings in hantavirus pulmonary syndrome.the hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (hps) is an acute, rapidly progressive disease transmitted by rodent excreta, with endothelial damage playing a central role in the pathophysiology. it usually affects rural workers. the lung itself is the target organ and reflects all the patterns of endothelial involvement of this disease. the radiologic findings of hps are vast and range from a mild interstitial involvement to total obliteration of the airspaces with or without pleural effusion. there are no ...201020351581
recognition of decay accelerating factor and alpha(v)beta(3) by inactivated hantaviruses: toward the development of high-throughput screening flow cytometry assays.hantaviruses cause two severe diseases in humans: hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (hfrs) and hantavirus cardiopulmonary syndrome (hcps). the lack of vaccines or specific drugs to prevent or treat hfrs and hcps and the requirement for conducting experiments in a biosafety level 3 laboratory (bsl-3) limit the ability to probe the mechanism of infection and disease pathogenesis. in this study, we developed a generalizable spectroscopic assay to quantify saturable fluorophore sites solubilized ...201020363206
association of -308g/a polymorphism in the tumor necrosis factor-alpha gene promoter with susceptibility to development of hantavirus cardiopulmonary syndrome in the ribeirão preto region, brazil.activation of the immune response in hantavirus cardiopulmonary syndrome (hcps) leads to a high tnf production, probably contributing to the disease. the polymorphic tnf2 allele (tnf -308g/a) has been associated with increased cytokine production. we investigated the association of the tnf2 allele with the outcome of hantavirus infection in brazilian patients. a total of 122 hantavirus-exposed individuals (26 presenting hcps and 96 only hantavirus seroconversion) were studied. the tnf2 allele wa ...201020372945
a global perspective on hantavirus ecology, epidemiology, and disease.hantaviruses are enzootic viruses that maintain persistent infections in their rodent hosts without apparent disease symptoms. the spillover of these viruses to humans can lead to one of two serious illnesses, hantavirus pulmonary syndrome and hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome. in recent years, there has been an improved understanding of the epidemiology, pathogenesis, and natural history of these viruses following an increase in the number of outbreaks in the americas. in this review, curre ...201020375360
hantavirus outbreak associated with laboratory rats in yunnan, outbreak of hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome occurred among students in a college (college a) in kunming, yunnan province, china in 2003. subsequent investigations revealed the presence of hantavirus antibodies and antigens in laboratory rats at college a and two other institutions. hantavirus antibodies were detected in 15 additional individuals other than the index case in these three locations. epidemiologic data indicated that the human infections were a result of zoonotic transmissi ...201020380897
roles of human disturbance, precipitation, and a pathogen on the survival and reproductive probabilities of deer mice.climate change, human disturbance, and disease can have large impacts on the dynamics of a species by affecting the likelihood of survival and reproduction of individuals. we investigated the roles of precipitation, off-road vehicle (orv) alteration of habitat, and infection with sin nombre virus on the survival and reproductive probabilities of deer mice (peromyscus maniculatus). we used generalized linear mixed models to estimate the effects of these factors and their interactions by fitting c ...201020392022
hormonal deficiencies during and after puumala hantavirus infection.previous reports have described panhypopituitarism associated with severe cases of hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (hfrs), but the prevalence of hormonal deficiencies after nephropathia epidemica (ne), a milder form of hfrs, has not been studied. this study was conducted in order to determine the prevalence of hormonal defects in patients with acute ne and during long-term follow-up. fifty-four patients with serologically confirmed acute ne were examined by serum hormonal measurements duri ...201020397036
serologic survey of hantavirus infection, brazilian amazon. 201020409399
hantaviruses in small mammals and humans in the coastal region of zhejiang province, gain more insights into the epidemiology of hantaviruses in the coastal region of zhejiang province, china, the morbidity and mortality of hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (hfrs) were analyzed in two coastal areas: cixi (hilly terrain) and wenzhou (mountainous terrain). more hfrs cases have been reported in cixi than in wenzhou. annual incidence rate of hfrs in cixi had been on the level of approximately 1.5/100,000 from 1968 (when the first hfrs case was reported) to 2007, with the high ...201020419812
tula virus in populations of small terrestrial mammals in a rural landscape.over 5 years (2000-2004), populations of small mammals from a rural landscape in southern moravia (czech republic) were investigated for the presence of tula virus (tulv) antigen using the elisa set hantagnost. in total, 1566 individuals from 10 species were examined. the prevalence in the common vole (microtus arvalis pallas 1778), the main reservoir of tulv, was 10% (n = 871). the prevalence of tulv antigen increases with its population numbers. the highest number of tulv antigen-positive comm ...201020420534
[construction and identification of a new type of recombinant adenovirus containing s0.7 gene of hantavirus].to construct a adenovirus vector containing the 0.7 kb fragment of s gene of hantavirus, cag promoter, and wpre (mrna-stabilizing post-transcriptional regulatory element from the woodchuck hepatitis virus).201020423645
novel hantavirus in the flat-skulled shrew (sorex roboratus).genetically distinct hantaviruses have been identified recently in multiple species of shrews (order soricomorpha, family soricidae) in eurasia and north america. to corroborate decades-old reports of hantaviral antigens in shrews from russia, archival liver and lung tissues from 4 siberian large-toothed shrews (sorex daphaenodon), 5 eurasian least shrews (sorex minutissimus), 12 flat-skulled shrews (sorex roboratus), and 18 tundra shrews (sorex tundrensis), captured in the sakha republic in nor ...201020426682
seewis virus: phylogeography of a shrew-borne hantavirus in siberia, russia.hantaviral antigens were originally reported more than 20 years ago in tissues of the eurasian common shrew (sorex araneus), captured in european and siberian russia. the recent discovery of seewis virus (swsv) in this soricid species in switzerland provided an opportunity to investigate its genetic diversity and geographic distribution in russia.201020426688
hantavirus-like particles generated in cho cells induce specific immune responses in c57bl/6 mice.a safe and effective hantavirus vaccine is highly desirable since hantaviruses are distributed worldwide and cause an acute and often fatal disease (hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome, hfrs). virus-like particles (vlps) displaying functional viral proteins could provide effective vaccines against a few viruses, but their ability to induce hantavirus-specific immune response has not been adequately investigated. to measure the immunogenicity of hantaan virus-like particles (htn-vlps) vaccine, ...201020433802
comprehensive panel of real-time taqman polymerase chain reaction assays for detection and absolute quantification of filoviruses, arenaviruses, and new world hantaviruses.viral hemorrhagic fever is caused by a diverse group of single-stranded, negative-sense or positive-sense rna viruses belonging to the families filoviridae (ebola and marburg), arenaviridae (lassa, junin, machupo, sabia, and guanarito), and bunyaviridae (hantavirus). disease characteristics in these families mark each with the potential to be used as a biological threat agent. because other diseases have similar clinical symptoms, specific laboratory diagnostic tests are necessary to provide the ...201020439981
cytoplasmic tails of hantavirus glycoproteins interact with the nucleocapsid we characterize the interaction between the glycoproteins (gn and gc) and the ribonucleoprotein (rnp) of puumala virus (puuv; genus hantavirus, family bunyaviridae). the interaction was initially established with native proteins by co-immunoprecipitating puuv nucleocapsid (n) protein with the glycoprotein complex. mapping of the interaction sites revealed that the n protein has multiple binding sites in the cytoplasmic tail (ct) of gn and is also able to bind to the predicted ct of gc. the ...201020444994
tula hantavirus nss protein accumulates in the perinuclear area in infected and transfected cells.the small rna segment of some hantaviruses (family bunyaviridae) encodes two proteins: the nucleocapsid protein and, in an overlapping reading frame, a non-structural (nss) protein. the hantavirus nss protein, like those of orthobunya- and phleboviruses, counteracts host innate immunity. here, for the first time, the nss protein of a hantavirus (tula virus) has been observed in infected cells and shown to localize in the perinuclear area. transiently expressed nss protein showed similar localiza ...201019956987
extensive host sharing of central european tula examine the host association of tula virus (tulv), a hantavirus present in large parts of europe, we investigated a total of 791 rodents representing 469 microtus arvalis and 322 microtus agrestis animals from northeast, northwest, and southeast germany, including geographical regions with sympatric occurrence of both vole species, for the presence of tulv infections. based on serological investigation, reverse transcriptase pcr, and subsequent sequence analysis of partial small (s) and mediu ...201019889769
study of andes virus entry and neutralization using a pseudovirion system.andes virus (andv), a member of the hantavirus genus in the family bunyaviridae, causes an acute disease characteristic of new-world hantaviruses called hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (hps). hps is a highly pathogenic disease with a case-fatality rate of 40%. andv is the only hantavirus reported to spread directly from human-to-human. the aim of the present study was to develop a quantitative and high-throughput pseudovirion assay to study andv infection and neutralization in biosafety level 2 fa ...201019903496
reappearance of viral hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome in northwestern greece.minor outbreaks of viral hemorrhagic fever (vhf) with renal failure have occurred in northwestern greece over past decades. however, during the most recent decade, there has been a paucity of human cases despite the detection of hantavirus in rodents of this area.201019926507
production and characterization of a recombinant single-chain antibody against hantaan virus envelop glycoprotein.hantaan virus (htnv) is the type of hantavirus causing hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome, for which no specific therapeutics are available so far. cell type-specific internalizing antibodies can be used to deliver therapeutics intracellularly to target cell and thus, have potential application in anti-htnv infection. to achieve intracellular delivery of therapeutics, it is necessary to obtain antibodies that demonstrate sufficient cell type-specific binding, internalizing, and desired cellul ...201020012277
the effect of seasonality, density and climate on the population dynamics of montana deer mice, important reservoir hosts for sin nombre hantavirus.1. since sin nombre virus was discovered in the u.s. in 1993, longitudinal studies of the rodent reservoir host, the deer mouse (peromyscus maniculatus) have demonstrated a qualitative correlation among mouse population dynamics and risk of hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (hps) in humans, indicating the importance of understanding deer mouse population dynamics for evaluating risk of hps. 2. using capture-mark-recapture statistical methods on a 15-year data set from montana, we estimated deer mous ...201020015212
natural host relationships of hantaviruses native to western venezuela.strains of caño delgadito virus (cadv) and maporal virus (mapv) were isolated from 25 (8.9%) of the 280 rodents captured on farms in 1997 in western venezuela. the results of analyses of laboratory and zoographic data indicated that alston's cotton rat (sigmodon alstoni) is the principal host of cadv, horizontal virus transmission is the dominant mode of cadv transmission in alston's cotton rat in nature, a pygmy rice rat (oligoryzomys sp.) is the principal host of mapv, and the natural host rel ...201020055578
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