[rinderpest protection of bovines by measles virus. ii. vaccination of calves born from cows vaccinated with the mb 113 strain]. 19715137767
susceptibility of cattle, buffaloes and swine in cambodia to lapinized-avianized rinderpest virus. 19715167327
[comparative morphology of measles, distemper and rinderpest viruses]. 19715169406
studies on the pathogenesis of rinderpest in experimental cattle. iv. proliferation of the virus following contact infection. 19655215637
investigations on the incidence of rinderpest virus infection in game animals of n. tanganyika and s. kenya 1960-63. 19675233989
[recently acquired knowledge on cattle plague and its virus]. 19665333398
studies on rinderpest culture vaccine. ii. factors influencing the accuracy of vaccine potency tests. 19695392352
[clinical and immunologic behavior during rinderpest contamination of cattle vaccinated several years ago against rinderpest with cell culture vaccines]. 19695408390
[adaptation in microtest of the seroneutralization technic by the kinetic method for the research and titration of antibodies neutralizing the rinderpest virus]. 19695408391
production of veterinary vaccines in mammalian cell cultures. 19705416447
the immunologic concept of heterotypic resistance. 19705422524
a new method of evaluation of the potency of anti rinderpest serum. 19705439960
effect of rinderpest vaccination of spermatogenesis in bulls. 19705462213
a plaque assay system for rinderpest virus and its use in characterising virus adsorption. 19705533699
studies on rinderpest culture vaccine. 3. stability of the lyophilised product. 19705533977
[immunological studies on bovine pleuropneumonia. xi. a combined living antibovipestic antiperipneumonic vaccine inoculated at the same time. concept, production, controls]. 19705535125
the pathogenesis of rinderpest in the lymph nodes of cattle. light and electron microscopic studies. 19715540659
studies on lapinised rinderpest virus. 19715566706
an indirect hemagglutination test of rinderpest virus. 19715569698
susceptibility of cattle, buffaloes and swine in cambodia to lapinized rinderpest virus. 19715569699
development of a cell culture system susceptible to measle, canine distemper, and rinderpest viruses. 19675600774
[presence of anti-rinderpest antibodies in dromedaries in chad]. 19675625567
experimental infection of sheep and goats with attenuated and virulent strains of rinderpest virus. 19675625712
[application of the kinetic sero-neutralization method to the study of neutralizing antibodies to rinderpest virus in cattle, sheep and goats]. 19675626099
reaction of lung tissue of goats to rinderpest caprinized virus. 19685651748
transmission of rinderpest from goats to cattle in tanzania. 19685693873
[conservation of lyophilized rinderpest virus]. 19685709381
role of interferon in protection of rabbits against rinderpest virus. 19685712545
19 s neutralizing antibody produced in guinea pigs by rabies virus. 19685712546
[effect of osmotic pressure on the multiplication of rinderpest virus in cell culture]. 19685713826
the susceptibility of the one-humped camel (camelus dromedarius) to infection with rinderpest virus. 19685731205
[duration of rinderpest virus elimination in cattle immunized with inactivated vaccine]. 19685748244
[note on experimental bovine plague in the dromedary]. 19685754444
studies on rinderpest culture vaccine. i. some factors affecting virus production. 19695809570
[possibilities and limits of the measles hemagglutination inhibition test in the serology of rinderpest. ii. dissimilarity between the results obtained with this test and the rinderpest virus seroneutralization]. 19695817939
response of calves, sheep, and pigs to a cell-culture-modified rinderpest virus. 19655860391
[some basic investigations on the rinderpest virus]. 19655881271
propagation of rinderpest virus in suckling mice and its comparison to murine adapted strains of measles and distemper. 19655882876
duration of rinderpest immunity in cattle following vaccination with caprinised rinderpest virus. 19655893785
production, evaluation and use of lapinized-avianized rinderpest virus vaccine in egypt. 19645896557
a secondary effect from the use of caprinised rinderpest virus vaccine on heavily tick-infested cattle. 19635896617
resistance of two bulls against rinderpest without detectable neutralising antibodies in their sera. 19665909635
response of virus diarrhea-mucosal disease-convalescent calves and rinderpest-vaccinated calves to inoculation with heterologous virus. 19665959401
identification and control of a rinderpest outbreak in saudi arabia. 19665967349
[hemagglutination inhibition reaction with measles antigen in rinderpest. ii. antibody formation after inoculation of various live vaccines in cattle]. 19665994742
[note on the action of sodium sulfate, magnesium sulfate and magnesium chloride on rinderpest virus adapted to cell culture]. 19666008652
electron microscopy of cytoplasmic inclusion bodies in cells infected with rinderpest virus. 19676017409
[note on the cultivation of lapinized rinderpest virus in bovine leukocyte cultures]. 19676057337
the use of tissue culture rinderpest vaccine for egyptian cattle and water buffaloes. 19676058184
susceptibility of exotic breeds of cattle to rinderpest lapinised and lapinised avianised vaccines. 19676066401
transmission of rinderpest by contact from cattle to sheep and goats. 19676067704
observations on rinderpest in sheep and goats and transmission to cattle. 19676067705
antigenic differences in the hemagglutinin of measles and related viruses. 19816162273
studies on viral interference induced by rinderpest virus: interference and interferon induction by tissue culture rinderpest vaccine (tcrv) virus in vitro. 19806162300
production of interferon by rinderpest virus in calf kidney cell cultures. 19816165231
analysis of structural proteins of measles, canine distemper, and rinderpest viruses.serological relationships among measles virus (mv), canine distemper virus (cdv), and rinderpest virus (rv), which constitute morbillivirus subgroup of paramyxoviridae, were investigated by immunoprecipitation and sds-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis for their major structural proteins, i.e., hemagglutinin (h), nucleocapsid (nc), fusion (f), and matrix (m) proteins. the molecular weights of the four structural proteins of mv and cdv were confirmed to correspond to those previously reported by ...19816174760
the separation of three antibody populations from anti-poly(a).poly(u) antibodies elicited in mice or rabbits and antigenic features of poly(a).poly(u)).anti-poly(a).poly(u) antibodies in ascitic fluid of ddy mice immunized with poly(a).poly(u)-methylated bovine serum albumin complexes were fractionated into three major antibody populations, ab-1, ab-2 and ab-3, by precipitating with poly(i).poly(c), poly(a).poly(u), and poly(a).2 poly(u), respectively. antibody population one, ab-2, reacted with various double-stranded rnas [poly(i).poly(c), poly(a).poly(u), and rice dwarf virus ribonucleic acid (rdv-rna)] and poly(a).2 poly(u). ab-2 reacted wi ...19826178956
studies on viral interference induced by rinderpest virus: 4. induction of circulating interferon and antibodies in buffaloes following inoculation with tissue culture rinderpest vaccine (tcrv) virus. 19826194837
isolation of peste des petits ruminants virus from the sudan.based on clinical signs, the presence of a rinderpest related antigen and the ability of rinderpest immune serum to prevent virus isolation, rinderpest was diagnosed in two outbreaks in goats in central sudan during 1971 and 1972. two viruses isolated from these goats have been re-examined both serologically and by the inoculation of experimental cattle, sheep and goats. each is now considered to represent the virus of peste des petits ruminants, thereby extending the geographical range of this ...19846200906
use of an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for the detection of igg antibodies to rinderpest virus in epidemiological surveys.a comparison was made between an indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (elisa) and the virus neutralisation test (vnt) for the detection of antibodies to rinderpest virus in field sera. the results did not agree for 6 per cent of the sera tested where 3 per cent of the samples gave elisa positive/vnt negative and 3 per cent gave elisa negative/vnt positive. the latter sera all had high levels of igm antibody, which may indicate animals being at an early stage of infection or detection of a ...19836340173
detection of rinderpest antibodies.rinderpest antibodies were detected by employing the fluorescent antibody test (fat) and the immunoperoxidase test (ipt) and the results were compared with the counterimmuno electrophoresis test (cie). fat was found to be the most sensitive in detecting post-vaccinal antibodies followed by ipt and cie tests.19846385428
rapid diagnosis of rinderpest by countercurrent immuno-electro-osmo-phoresis in nigeria. 19846395580
detection of rinderpest antigen by agar gel diffusion and counter-immunoelectrophoresis. 19836408775
serological studies with peste des petits ruminants and rinderpest viruses in hundred and ninety-five goat and 67 sheep sera collected from various parts of southern nigeria were screened for neutralising antibodies to both the peste des petits ruminants (ppr) and rinderpest viruses. neutralising antibodies against both viruses were found in the sheep and goat sera examined. parallel titration of samples which neutralised both viruses indicated a primary infection with the ppr virus (pprv). however, some samples which failed to neutralise pprv neutralised the rinderpe ...19846485096
serum-virus simultaneous method of immunisation against peste des petits ruminants.peste des petits ruminants (ppr) hyperimmune serum was prepared in cattle and used to protect goats against ppr. the serum was well tolerated by goats and 8 ml of serum was found to protect goats against 4 ml of pooled virulent ppr virus. a durable active immunity was conferred on goats when serum and virulent ppr virus were given simultaneously. passive immunity lasted for 15 days.19846485097
the shedding of a virulent kabete o strain of rinderpest virus by cattle.a muguga substrain of the virulent kabete o strain of rinderpest virus was demonstrated in the ocular, nasal, oral and rectal swabs collected from infected cattle. ocular shedding was detected at the onset of viraemia and before the onset of clinical signs whilst virus shedding in nasal, oral and rectal discharges appeared at the same time as lesions. it is suggested that virus isolation from ocular and nasal swabs should be considered in the diagnosis of rinderpest in addition to the other meth ...19846495633
the detection of peste des petits ruminants (ppr) virus antigen by agar gel precipitation test and counter-immunoelectrophoresis.the detectability of peste des petits ruminants (ppr) viral antigen in both ante-mortem secretions and necropsy samples from experimentally infected goats was investigated by both the agar gel precipitation test (agpt) and counter-immunoelectrophoresis (cie). viral antigen was detected from 42.6% of the samples tested by the agpt and 80.3% by cie. the detection of viral antigen in a high proportion of the ocular and nasal secretions as well as the faeces and buccal scrapings, particularly from t ...19846512258
a microneutralization test for the detection of rinderpest virus antibodies. 19846531493
the duration of immunity in cattle following inoculation of rinderpest cell culture vaccine.the duration of immunity following a single administration of rinderpest cell culture vaccine, of 90 or more monolayer passages, was studied in e. african zebu (boran) and grade (cross-bred european) cattle. all animals were kept for periods of 6-11 years in rinderpest-free environments; groups of them (in all 23 borans and 10 grades) were then challenged by parenteral or intranasal inoculation of virulent virus or by contact exposure to reacting cattle. nasal excretion of virus was studied dail ...19846736639
the use of an enzyme-labelled assay as an aid to reading micro virus-neutralisation indirect immunoperoxidase technique has been developed for the detection of virus-infected cells after completion of a micro virus-neutralisation test. this allows visual rather than microscopic reading of the plates, which is less time-consuming and does not require a technician skilled in distinguishing between specific viral cytopathic effect and non-specific cytotoxicity. the technique proved to be more sensitive than microscopic reading for the detection of low levels of antibody and cou ...19826754814
detection of rinderpest virus antigens in vitro and in vivo by direct immunofluorescence.cell-culture attenuated and virulent strains of rinderpest virus (rv) were inoculated on to bovine kidney cell cultures. a direct immunofluorescent antibody test detected rv antigens in cell cultures within one to three days after inoculation whereas rv cytopathic effects usually took three to nine days to develop. cells containing rv antigens were also detected in impression smears and frozen sections of tissues collected from rv infected animals at post mortem examination, and in smears of lym ...19826755594
rapid detection of rinderpest virus antigens by counter-immunoelectrophoresis.counter-immunoelectrophoresis was compared with immunodiffusion for its ability to detect rinderpest virus antigens. counter-immunoelectrophoresis detected antigens in lymph node biopsies from all of 9 infected cattle whereas immunodiffusion detected them in 8 only. counter-immunoelectrophoresis was between 4 and 16 times more sensitive than immunodiffusion for detecting rinderpest virus antigens in the tissues of diseased animals and could detect positive reactions within 40 min. counter-immuno ...19806779407
comparison of autoimmunity induction with virulent and attenuated rinderpest virus in rabbits.two strains of rinderpest virus which differ each other in virulence to rabbits were compared in their capacity to produce autoantibodies and their effects on the function of the lymphoid system. the virulent l strain induced two autoantibodies, i.e., antinuclear antibody (ana) and cold hemagglutinating antibody (ha), and suppressed lymphocyte response to phytohemagglutinin and to concanavalin a for at least 4 weeks after infection. the attenuated la strain, on the other hand, failed to induce t ...19816975843
comparative aspects of pathogenicity of measles, canine distemper, and rinderpest viruses. 19806997585
microelisa test for detecting antibodies to rinderpest virus antigens.a microplate enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (elisa) was developed which detected antibodies to a soluble antigen prepared from sonicated rinderpest virus-infected cells. the elisa detected titres of antibody to the virus in the sera of cattle 3 weeks after immunisation with tissue culture rinderpest virus vaccine which were similar to those detected by the virus neutralisation test. the elisa test shows potential as a rapid and economic technique for screening large numbers of sera for antibo ...19817015643
an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for the detection of igg, iga and igm antibodies to rinderpest virus in experimentally infected cattle. 19827043688
microtitre techniques for the assay of rinderpest virus and neutralising antibody.microtitre techniques were compared with conventional tube techniques for their ability to assay rinderpest virus and neutralising antibody to the virus. the microtitre technique was as sensitive and reliable for assaying the virus as the recommended tube technique, using cell suspensions. both of these methods, however, were less sensitive than tube titrations on preformed cell monolayers. the microtitre test was as sensitive as the tube test for detecting and assaying virus neutralising antibo ...19827079607
precipitating antibody in sera of goats naturally affected with peste des petits ruminants. 19827101469
neutralising antibodies to rinderpest virus in sheep and goats in western kenya. 19827157610
studies on viral interference induced by rinderpest virus: 3. interferon induction by attenuated and virulent strains of rinderpest virus in tissue culture. 19827186805
rinderpest in nigeria. 19817257160
establishment of a persistently infected cell line with rinderpest virus.persistent infection of rinderpest virus in vero cells was established and designated as vrp34. virus specific antigens were present in nearly 100 per cent of the cells. cytopathic effect (cpe) consisting of syncytium formation and vacuolation is a unique feature of vrp34. spontaneously released virus mainly consisted of non-temperature-sensitive virus populations and was able to initiate persistent infection in both normal vero and rk13 cells. the results indicate that mutation of virus is resp ...19817271459
safety of tissue culture rinderpest vaccine in pregnant goats. 19817292614
the effect of trypanosoma congolense and t vivax infections on the antibody response of cattle to live rinderpest virus vaccine.infections with trypanosoma congolense or t vivax did not significantly depress the neutralising antibody response of cattle to live rinderpest vaccine when vaccination was carried out eight or 25 days after infection.19807414077
studies on viral interference induced by rinderpest virus: inactivation of tissue culture rinderpest vaccine virus by heat treatment at 56 degrees c and by ultraviolet irradiation. 19807467995
differential immunohistochemical staining of peste des petits ruminants and rinderpest antigens in formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissues using monoclonal and polyclonal antibodies. 19947516718
high resolution genome typing and genomic reassortment events of rice dwarf phytoreovirus.genomic reassortment of rice dwarf phytoreovirus (rdv) was experimentally demonstrated for the first time in plant reoviruses. combinations of two genomic variants, most of the genomic segments of which could be distinguished by a high resolution polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, were used to produce genomic reassortants. after artificial mixed injection of two of three isolates (rdv-s, rdv-ai, and rdv-an) into the insect vector nephotettix cincticeps, rice seedlings were sequentially inoculat ...19957571443
rinderpest virus infection of bovine peripheral blood monocytes.the ability of rinderpest virus (rpv) to replicate in vitro in adherent peripheral blood monocytes and monocyte-derived macrophages under non-stimulation conditions was investigated. when flow cytometry analysis on bovine peripheral blood mononuclear cells (pbmc) was performed, monocytic cells were seen to be targets for infection by the cell culture-attenuated rbok vaccine strain of rpv. viral glycoprotein (h) and nucleoprotein (n) expression in adherent blood monocytes and monocyte-derived mac ...19957595385
differentiation of peste des petits ruminants and rinderpest viruses by neutralisation indices using hyperimmune rinderpest antiserum.six field isolates believed to be rinderpest viruses and 2 known strains of peste des petits ruminants (ppr) viruses were titrated in the presence of normal rabbit serum and with hyperimmune rinderpest antiserum prepared in rabbits. the known ppr viruses had indices less than 10 whereas 4 of the suspect field isolates had indices greater than a hundred. two suspect field isolates had indices less than 20; both were collected from small ruminant wild life and are probably ppr viruses.19957652944
identification of epitope expression on the internal proteins of rinderpest virus which is dependent upon virion maturation events.monoclonal antibodies (mab) identified the existence of both maturation-dependent and maturation-independent epitopes on rinderpest virus antigens. the former were divided into (i) post-maturation antigenic determinants, which were dependent upon the maturation of viral antigen into complete virions; and (ii) pre-maturation antigenic determinants, which were only expressed on what appeared to be immature particles before 'budding' into the extracellular environment. epitope expression could be r ...19937679394
development of a competitive elisa for detecting antibodies to the peste des petits ruminants virus using a recombinant nucleoprotein.a competitive elisa based on the reaction between a monoclonal antibody (mab) and a recombinant nucleoprotein of the peste des petits ruminants virus (pprv) was developed. this protein was obtained in large quantities from insect cells infected with a ppr nucleoprotein recombinant baculovirus (n-b). the competitive elisa was compared with the virus neutralisation test (vnt) for detecting specific antibodies to pprv in sheep and goats. the time consuming vnt is the only prescribed test that is ca ...19957709061
immunohistochemical studies of lymphoid tissues of rabbits infected with rinderpest virus.the pathogenesis of infection with the l-strain of rinderpest virus (rpv) in rabbits was investigated. of several lymphoid tissues examined, those associated with the gut showed the most marked virus growth. the virus titres were maximal 4 days after inoculation but had declined at day 6. the distribution of viral antigen was examined immunohistochemically with the recently established anti-rabbit cd5 monoclonal antibody (moab), which is a pan-t-cell marker, and the anti-rpv-nucleoprotein moab. ...19957722007
protection of goats against peste des petits ruminants with recombinant capripoxviruses expressing the fusion and haemagglutinin protein genes of rinderpest virus.goats were protected against a lethal challenge of peste des petits ruminants (ppr) virus following vaccination with a recombinant capripoxvirus containing either the fusion (f) gene of rinderpest virus or the haemagglutinin (h) gene of rinderpest virus. the h gene recombinant produced high titres of neutralizing antibody to rinderpest virus in the vaccinated goats, whereas the f gene recombinant failed to stimulate detectable levels of neutralizing antibody. a similar response to the two recomb ...19957762275
humoral antibody response in animals infected with virulent rinderpest virus.humoral antibody responses in cattle or rabbits infected with virulent rinderpest virus or lapinised rinderpest virus respectively were assessed. rinderpest specific antibodies could be first detected 6 days post-infection. no correlation could be established between antibody response and the course of the disease in infected animals during the early stages of infection. the animals with fatal infection either did not respond or had a transient antibody response. a gradual increase in antibody t ...19957770948
capripoxvirus-based multivaccines. 19957796952
vaccinia virus recombinant vaccines for rinderpest. 19957796955
live virus vaccines for use in animals. 19957796966
effect of ammonium chloride on multiplication of rinderpest virus in vero cells.ammonium chloride, a lysosomotropic weak base, inhibited replication of rinderpest virus in vero cells. the inhibition of replication was dose-dependent and the minimum effective dose of ammonium chloride was determined as 5-10 mmol/l. the fusion efficiency and the yield of both cell-free and cell-associated virus were reduced in the presence of the inhibitor. western blot analysis of rinderpest virus-infected vero cells revealed that synthesis of two virus-induced polypeptides were affected by ...19947817898
protection of cattle against rinderpest and lumpy skin disease with a recombinant capripoxvirus expressing the fusion protein gene of rinderpest virus.cattle were protected against challenge with rinderpest and lumpy skin disease viruses by vaccination with a recombinant capripoxvirus containing the fusion protein (f) gene of rinderpest virus. the minimum protective immunising doses for rinderpest and lumpy skin disease were 5.5 x 10(4) plaque forming units (pfu) and 1.5 x 10(3) pfu, respectively.19947880246
sequencing and analysis of the nucleocapsid (n) and polymerase (l) genes and the terminal extragenic domains of the vaccine strain of rinderpest virus.the nucleocapsid (n) and polymerase (l) genes of the vaccine strain of rinderpest, and the 5' and 3' terminal domains of the genome have been sequenced. together with previously published data, this completes the sequence of the entire genome of rinderpest virus. the viral genome is 15,881 bases in length, similar to that of measles virus and slightly longer than that of canine distemper virus. the l gene is identical in length to that of measles virus, encoding a 2183 amino acid protein with a ...19957897350
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