PMID(sorted ascending)
the social and sexual behaviour of the red deer stag. 19705266389
renal excretion of urea and electrolytes in sheep and red deer.1. the effects of varying the intake of water and nitrogen on the renal excretion of urea and electrolytes has been studied in sheep and in red deer.2. the concentration of urea in the urine of both sheep and deer decreased as the volume of urine increased and about eight times as much urea was excreted each day when a high-nitrogen diet was fed compared to when a low-nitrogen diet was fed.3. both the concentrations of sodium and potassium in the urine decreased as the urine volume increased but ...19695347722
the distribution of nerves, monoamine oxidase and cholinesterase in the skin of the red deer (cervus elaphus). 19695358408
etorphine hydrochloride: anesthetic for surgery on an elk (cervus canadensis canadensis). 19705465569
digestion and nitrogen metabolism in sheep and red deer given large or small amounts of water and protein. 19705470784
lymph nodes of red deer infected with subcutaneous filariae wehrdikmansia cervipedis (wehr et dikmans, 1935) and onchocerca flexuosa (wedl, 1856). 19705530018
puberty in a seasonally breeding male, the red deer stag (cervus elaphus l.). 19715551717
[hemoglobin types in growing elk]. 19715560262
behavior of elk (cervus canadensis) during the rut. 19675627213
[game biology and comparative animal physiology. ii. microorganisms in the rumen of red deer (cervus elaphus) and roe deer (capreolus capreolus)]. 19675634228
energy metabolism of the red deer. 19685644486
molar duplication in red deer and wapiti. 19685691426
[on the pathogenesis of endemic paresis (lameness of the hip) in red deer]. 19685693573
karyotypes in five species of deer (alces alces l., capreolus capreolus l., cervus elaphus l., cervus nippon nippon temm. and dama dama l.). 19685721324
digestion of heather by red deer. 19695786600
histology and histochemistry of the male accessory glands of the red deer, cervus elaphus l. 19695788214
cardiovascular disease in free-living red deer (cervus elephus) on the island of rhum. 19695813285
locoism in elk. a disease resembling cerebral pseudolipidosis. 19695816098
the fringed tapeworm (thysanosoma actinioides) as a parasite of the rocky mountain elk in yellowstone national park. 19695816103
vascular and neuro-ophthalmic pathology of elaeophorosis in elk. 19695817444
the rocky mountain elk as a reservoir host for parasites of domestic animals in western montana. 19695817794
some haematological data for red deer (cervus elaphus) in england. 19655840356
infections with tick-borne encephalitis virus in the swedish population of the elk (alces a. alces). 19655883944
activation analysis of ungulate samples from the horse, elk, deer, moose, and antelope; subcutaneous tissue from the moose and antelope; and cast and living skin of the rattlesnake were activated by exposure to a neutron flux. the resulting products were studied by pulse-height analysis. differences in type and proportion of trace elements appear to be consistent within the species studied.19665909779
[hemoglobin content in the fetus and placenta system in the elk]. 19666011985
electrophoresis of the serum proteins and transferrins of alces alces (elk), rangifer tarandus (reindeer), and ovis dalli (dall sheep) from north america. 19676075156
monoamine oxide activity in ox, elk and reindeer brains. 19816112098
morphological and histochemical observations on the duodenal glands of eight wild ungulate species native to north america.the duodenal glands of the species examined (alces alces, ovis canadensis, cervus canadensis, oreamnos americanus, bison bison, antilocapra americana, odocoileus virginianas, odocoileus heminous) are confined primarily to the submucosa of the small intestine. in one species, the moose, a significant population of secretory tubules also is observed in the mucosa. the ducts of the duodenal glands pierce the overlying muscularis mucosae to empty most often independently into the intestinal lumen. t ...19816171158
ocular disease in red deer calves associated with a herpesvirus infection. 19836194610
[seasonal rhythm of the discharge of dictyocaulus viviparus, varestrongylus sagittatus and elaphostrongylus cervi larvae from the red deer (cervus elaphus)].the discharging of the first larvae of distyocaulus viviparus, varestrongylus sagittatus and elaphostrongylus cervi is regulated by a seasonal rhythm. this rhythm was studied in a deer population of 150 +/- 10 animals over a period of 4 years. the maximum discharges of d. viviparus are in may and june and those of the 2 other species are in the time from february to april. very good results of treatment were achieved with 3 x 7.5 mg and 5 x 3 mg fenbendazole/kg live weight against d. viviparus a ...19826211112
experimental infections with dictyocaulus viviparus in vaccinated and unvaccinated red deer.four of eight red deer calves which had been artificially reared and were lungworm free were vaccinated with bovine lungworm oral vaccine when eight weeks old; the other four were not vaccinated. three of each category were challenged daily with 500 dictyocaulus viviparus infective stage larvae per kg liveweight for 17 days when six months old while one in each category was left as an unchallenged control. the effects of challenge were monitored and all challenged deer and one control were kille ...19826215759
histopathological findings in the lungs of scottish red and roe deer.histopathology on portions of lung collected from 34 red deer (cervus elaphus) and 15 roe deer (capreolus capreolus) between 1977 and 1981 revealed evidence of lungworm infestation in 16 red and 14 roe deer. in the red deer, dictyocaulus species, and the developmental stages of another parasite, believed to be elaphostrongylus cervi, were involved. dictyocaulus also affected the roe deer, but in them the major lesions were associated with protostrongylids. exudative bronchopneumonia, including t ...19836220510
isolation of bovine virus diarrhoea virus from a scottish red deer. 19806266120
characterization of a papilloma virus from the european elk (eepv). 19816266142
bluetongue virus in pregnant elk and their calves.two pregnant north american elk (cervus canadensis), in the 3rd and 4th months of gestation, were inoculated with bluetongue (bt) virus (btv) serotype 11. the virus was not isolated from the blood of the cows beyond postinoculation day (pid) 8, but was isolated from bone marrow and spleen samples obtained at necropsy on pid 190. although neither cow had overt clinical signs of bt infection, fluctuations in specific neutralizing btv antibody titers indicated viral replication. however, in 2 attem ...19826280527
presumptive adenoviral bronchiolitis in a red deer (cervus elaphus). 19826296208
european elk papillomavirus: characterization of the genome, induction of tumors in animals, and transformation in vitro.the european elk papillomavirus (eepv) genome was cloned in the bamhi cleavage site of the pbr322 vector. the cloned genome was used for construction of a physical map, employing restriction endonucleases bamhi, bglii, hindiii, pvuii, saci, and xhoi. the sequence homology between the eepv and bovine papillomavirus type 1 genomes was elucidated by performing hybridizations in different concentrations of formamide. sequence homology could only be revealed under less stringent conditions, i.e., tm ...19836312094
conservation of repetitive dna sequences in deer species studied by southern blot transfer.the cervidae show one of the largest variations in chromosome number found within a mammalian family. the five species of the deer family which are the subject of this study vary in chromosome number from 2n = 70 to 2n = 6. digestion with the restriction enzymes ecori, hpaii, haeiii and mspi reveals that there is a series of highly repetitive sequences forming similar band patterns in the different species. to obtain information on the degree of homology among these conserved sequences we isolat ...19846330373
endocrine control of antler growth in red deer stags.observations of body weight, testis size, antler status, plasma testosterone and prolactin were made on 12 red deer stags during their first 2 years of life. six of the stags were fed to appetite throughout the study (group a) and 6 were fed a 70% restricted diet during each winter (group b). in addition 6 of the stags , 3 from each group, were studied in more detail; lh and testosterone were measured either after a single injection of lh-rh or in samples taken at frequent intervals over a perio ...19846374134
[winter feeding or autumn feeding of game animals?].a literature review of seasonal changes in metabolism and food intake and the accumulation of energy deposits (fat) during the natural mast period in autumn is linked to the results of feeding trials with roe deer (capreolus capreolus) and red deer (cervus elaphus) using supplementary feeding and/or planted crops to simulate the mast which is missing in conifer forests planted mainly for timber production. the results indicate that autumn mast simulation is more physiological and effective in re ...19846388030
induction of early rutting in male red deer (cervus elaphus) by melatonin and its dependence on lhrh.eight red deer stags, 2 control, 3 control-immunized (i.e. a low titre of lhrh antibodies after active immunization 2 years earlier) and 3 superior cervical ganglionectomized, were given a s.c. implant of melatonin in may at the nadir of the sexual cycle; 5 other stags remained untreated. all the melatonin-treated animals shed the velvet-like skin from the antlers in june or july at least 1 month before the untreated controls, and had an early increase in blood plasma testosterone concentrations ...19846392544
failure to transmit sarcocystis species from ox, sheep, goats, moose, elk, and mule deer to raccoons. 19836408956
dictyocaulus infection in farmed red deer (cervus elaphus).post mortem examination of red deer calves on a deer farm situated on hill ground in north-east scotland revealed infection by a lungworm morphologically similar to dictyocaulus viviparus. trials were conducted to monitor the natural development of d viviparus infection in red deer, to investigate the value of a commercial lungworm vaccine and to evaluate methods of treating clinical cases. the findings indicate that the syndrome may be less apparent in red deer than it is in cattle, protection ...19806445622
lungworm and lice of the red deer (cervus elaphus) and the fallow deer (dama dama)--a review. 19806451822
cadmium/zinc relationships in kidney cortex and metallothionein of horse and red deer: histopathological observations on horse kidneys.cadmium and zinc were determined in kidney cortex of 63 horses and 51 red deer (cervus elaphus). cadmium and zinc were also determined in protein fractions obtained by sephadex chromatography of kidney cortex from 10 horses and 4 red deer. histopathological parameters in kidney cortex of horses were compared to cadmium content. the metal contents (on wet weight basis) in kidney cortex of the horses were 0.31 +/- 0.22 mmole cd/kg (range 0.03-1.21) and 0.63 +/- 0.17 mmole zn/kg (range 0.36-1.23). ...19846510395
[intrinsic oxygen affinity: the primary structure of a ruminantia hemoglobin: methionine in betana2 of a pecora, the northern elk (alces alces alces)].the primary structures of the alpha- and beta-chains of hemoglobin from the northern elk (alces alces alces) have been determined. the sequence was compared with the bovine chains. the oxygen affinity regarding the primary structure of the beta-chains is discussed.19846510898
fluoride toxicosis in wild compare the occurrence of chronic fluoride toxicosis in wild and domestic animals in selected areas of utah, idaho, montana, and wyoming, deer, elk, and bison bones and teeth were collected for evaluation. vegetation and drinking water samples also were collected, so that potential sources of fluoride could be evaluated. deer, elk, and bison were found to be susceptible to the adverse effects of ingestion of excessive amounts of fluoride. teeth and bones were primarily affected with character ...19846511570
stercorarian trypanosomes from deer (cervidae) in germany.twenty of 35 roe deer (capreolus capreolus), eight of 12 red deer (cervus elaphus), and nine of 21 fallow deer (cervus dama) but none of four moose (alces alces) examined from april to november 1983 were infected with trypanosomes. morphometric data of the bloodstream trypomastigotes from the three deer species differed significantly. this appears to be the first report of stercorarian trypanosomes from cervidae in the old world and the first description of representatives of the subgenus megatr ...19846512728
levels of trace elements in liver from norwegian moose, reindeer and red deer in relation to atmospheric deposition. 19846524572
serum levels of testosterone precursors, testosterone and estradiol in 10 animal species.blood levels of testosterone precursors, i.e. pregnenolone, progesterone, 17 alpha-hydroxyprogesterone, androstendione, dhea, and delta 5-androstendiol as well as testosterone and estradiol are measured in 10 animals each of 10 different species. the determination is done by radioimmunoassay with steroidspecific antibodies. precursors of the delta 5-pathway (dhea, androstendiol) are low in the red deer, dog, cat, rat and guinea pig. precursors of the delta 4-pathway (progesterone, 17-hydroxproge ...19846540697
effect of feeding melatonin to red deer (cervus elaphus) on the onset of the breeding season.four non-lactating red deer hinds kept in natural light were each given orally 5 mg melatonin daily in the afternoon from 1 june to 5 october. the time difference between melatonin administration and sunset was 5.5-6 until the end of august, thereafter gradually decreasing to 3.5 h. onset of oestrous cyclicity occurred in late august and early september, 2-8 weeks in advance of control hinds. a stag given 10 mg melatonin daily shed the antler velvet on 18 july, 4 weeks earlier than untreated sta ...19846542590
polarized light study of giant tubules in human and red deer coronal dentin.previously described giant tubules in human and red deer coronal dentin have been subjected to a study by polarized light microscopy. structure of the giant tubules was similar in both species. the lumen of each tubule was bordered by a 5-15-micrometers-thick collagenous mantle in which the fibers were orientate parallel to its long axis. in a circular dentin area encompassing the mantle, the course of the collagen fibers might be characterized as a winding of fibers around the cylindrical mantl ...19836574577
a light microscopical and microradiographic study of coronal dentin in red deer with special reference to the occurrence of giant tubules.the coronal dentin of red deer (cervus elaphus l.) was studied by light microscopy and microradiographyy. the material consisted of incisors from 10 animals, 2 1/2-6 1/2 years of age. sections in the long axes of the crowns in the buccolingual and mesiodistal planes were prepared, as well as transverse sections. a few crowns were also examined in toto. a system of giant tubules of the same type as in human dentin is described. it was, however, characterized by more regularity in the number and t ...19836574586
medicine--of the same ilk as the elk? 19836578431
microradiographic and polarized light study of red deer root dentin with special reference to occurrence of giant tubules.radiolucent bands following the course of the dentinal tubules were observed in sections of undemineralized roots of permanent red deer incisors. some of these bands, previously unreported in mammalian root dentin, contained giant tubules similar to those described earlier by the author in the coronal dentin of this animal. the root giant tubules initiated with funnel-shaped orifices at the border of the pulpal cavity and, generally, terminated in the peripheral dentin, whereas a few penetrated ...19846589733
scanning electron and incident light microscopy of giant tubules in red deer dentin.incisal and cuspal teeth from red deers 2 1/2-6 1/2 yr of age were used in this study. incident light microscopy was used for screening of the specimens with respect to presence of orifices and exposures of giant tubules. scanning electron microscopy (sem) was used for study of structural details. for sem the specimens were pretreated with a 1% solution of naclo for 2 or 20 h. one specimen was in addition exposed to a 35% solution of phosphoric acid for 30 s. two teeth received no pretreatment. ...19846591364
folding of homologous proteins. the refolding of different ribonucleases is independent of sequence variations, proline content and glycosylation.the refolding kinetics of four different pancreatic ribonucleases have been compared. bovine and ovine rnaase contain 4 proline residues, red deer rnaase has 5 prolines, the enzyme from roe deer 6 prolines. despite the variation in the amount of prolines, all four proteins show a constant value of 20% fast refolding species uf. the extra proline residues of the deer enzymes do not increase the amount of slow refolding species us. consequently these residues may be non-essential for folding. desp ...19836620387
winter food restriction and summer compensation in red deer stags (cervus elaphus).twelve red deer stags (cervus elaphus) penned individually from weaning were fed on a concentrate diet. six stags received the diet to appetite throughout the study, and the other six were restricted to 70% of the intake of the first group during winter and then fed to appetite during summer. the winter-restricted stags showed remarkable compensatory growth during summer. compared with the unrestricted stags they showed greater food intake, greater daily live-weight gain and increased food conve ...19836639930
experimental infection of some north american wild ruminants and domestic sheep with mycobacterium paratuberculosis: clinical and bacteriological findings.mycobacterium paratuberculosis originally isolated from bighorn sheep (ovis canadensis) with spontaneous paratuberculosis was used to orally inoculate rocky mountain elk (cervus elaphus nelsoni) calves, mule deer (odocoileus hemionus) fawns, white-tailed deer (odocoileus virginianus) fawns, bighorn x mouflon (ovis musimon) hybrid lambs, and domestic lambs. all experimentally exposed animals became infected. during the first year of infection, hybrid and domestic sheep were able to control the in ...19836644916
simple in vivo method for determining calcium and phosphorus content of the metacarpus of red deer using radiography. 19836649368
genetic differentiation in four european subspecies of red deer (cervus elaphus l.).red deer representing the four different european subspecies cervus elaphus atlanticus, c. e. elaphus, c. e. germanicus, and c. e. scoticus were examined for allozyme variability at 35 enzyme loci. the proportion of polymorphic loci within populations (p) ranged from 0 to 13.8 per cent and the average heterozygosity (h) from 0 to 3.6 per cent. these estimates are within the range previously observed among mammalian species. significant allele frequency differences were found both within and betw ...19836668220
nutrition and lactational control of fertility in red deer. 19836681867
experimental contagious ecthyma in mule deer, white-tailed deer, pronghorn and wapiti.hand-reared mule deer fawns (odocoileus hemionus), white-tailed deer fawns (odocoileus virginianus), pronghorn fawns (antilocapra americana) and wapiti calves (cervus elaphus nelsoni) were exposed to contagious ecthyma lesion material obtained from rocky mountain bighorn sheep (ovis canadensis canadensis) to determine the susceptibility and pathogenesis in these species. all four species developed mucocutaneous proliferative lesions of the oral cavity, grossly and histologically compatible with ...19836685778
biochemical characteristics of erythrocyte sorbitol dehydrogenase from selected mammals.the erythrocyte sorbitol dehydrogenase (ec activity, regarding its action on sorbitol oxidation to fructose, was studied in 19 species of mammals, showing a striking variability, with high activity in rodents. enzyme activity was studied against other polyols, namely xylitol, inositol, manitol and dulcitol. most animals showed activity against all the polyols studied, but hamster and red deer only presented activity on sorbitol and xylitol. michaelis-menten constant determinations for ...19846697697
relationships between seasonal changes in serum testosterone concentrations, scrotal circumference and sperm morphology of male wapiti (cervus elaphus).one 2-year-old and 4 adult (greater than 3 years old) wapiti were studied throughout 1 year. serum testosterone concentrations, scrotal circumference and % normal spermatozoa in the ejaculate peaked around september. testosterone levels fell sharply by november, but scrotal circumference declined less sharply and normal sperm production occurred until march. there were indications of a secondary peak in these values around february-march.19846699808
anaplasma infections in wild and domestic ruminants: a review.anaplasma marginale can be transmitted, will grow and can survive in a large number of domestic and wild animals. it is pathogenic in cattle, and usually produces nonapparent or mild infections in other species. anaplasma marginale has been recovered from cattle, sheep, goats, water buffalo (bubalus bubalis), white-tailed deer (odocoileus virginianus), mule deer (odocoileus hemionus hemionus), black-tailed deer (odocoileus hemionus columbianus), pronghorn (antilocapra americana americana), rocky ...19846716555
influence of winter feed restriction and summer compensation on skeletal development in red deer stags (cervus elaphus).the influence of two planes of nutrition (unrestricted and 70 per cent restricted during the winter) on skeletal development as illustrated by the metacarpus was studied in 12 red deer stag calves. at approximately three-monthly intervals from january 1978 when the stags were seven months old, until august 1979 when the stags were 26 months old, radiographs of the right metacarpus were taken. from the resultant radiographs, diaphyseal length, diaphyseal breadth, breadth of mineralised bone, cort ...19846718818
comparative anatomical and topographic studies of the salivary glands of red deer (cervus elaphus), fallow deer (cervus dama), and mouflon (ovis ammon musimon)--ruminantia: cervidae, bovidae.the salivary glands of red deer, fallow deer, and mouflon were investigated macroscopically as to their topographic situation and relationship, as to their specific structure including their ducts and to their relative weight. these findings were compared with those from domestic ruminants and were related to the morphophysiological specialisation of other portions of the ruminant digestive system and to their function. the relative size of all salivary glands decreases from red deer via fallow ...19846724282
trypanosomes in cervidae in germany.trypanosoma cervi kingston et morton, 1975 was demonstrated in 2 fallow deer (dama dama) in 1976, and in 10 roe deer (capreolus capreolus) and one red deer (cervus elaphus) in spring 1983. the infected deer originated from the vicinity of hannover, germany.19846730781
local resource competition and the evolution of male-biased sex many mammalian species, maturing males disperse from their natal groups, while females remain near their places of birth. if sources are limited locally, related females may be forced to compete with one another for access to resources, while mature males will compete primarily with unrelated individuals in non-natal groups. clark (1978) suggested that under such circumstances the extent of competition among females could be reduced if females uniformly skewed the sex ratio of their offspring ...19846748687
antler growth in male red deer (cervus elaphus) after active immunization against lh-rh.four sexually mature male red deer were actively immunized against lhrh and this caused 3 of the animals to cast their antlers prematurely in the autumn instead of the spring. development of new antlers was initiated after casting, but the effects on the antler cycle were variable and correlated with the antibody titre, only the animal with the highest titre developed antlers that resembled those of a castrate and remained 'in velvet' for more than 6 months. in october, when all the immunized de ...19826757419
coyote as a final host for sarcocystis species of goats, sheep, cattle, elk, bison, and moose in montana.tissues (1 kg) from sheep, goats, cattle, moose, bison, or elk naturally infected with sarcocystis species were fed to one to four sarcocystis-free coyotes and the number of sporocysts in feces and intestines were counted. all 12 coyotes fed naturally infected tissues shed sarcocystis in feces, with a prepatent period of 9 to 15 days. the four coyotes fed infected beef had 15, 25, 113, and 201 million sporocysts in their feces and intestines. the coyotes fed elk, moose, or bison had 2.5, 15, and ...19806778270
brucellosis in elk iii. serologic evaluation.the efficacy of the standard plate agglutination (spt), buffered brucella antigen rapid card (bba), rivanol (riv) and complement fixation (cft) tests was statistically evaluated and correlated with known brucellosis infections in elk. low titers on the spt were detected in artificially exposed mature cow elk 2 weeks postinoculation and other tests began detecting antibodies at 3 weeks. titers on all tests were detected as long as 4 years postinoculation. serologic response was similar in artific ...19816788962
detection of astrovirus in the faeces of red deer. 19816791371
studies in sarcocystis species. viii: sarcocystis and toxoplasma in red deer (cervus elaphus). 19816798514
infectivity of sarcocystis spp. from bison, elk, moose, and cattle for cattle via sporocysts from coyotes.bison bison (bison), cervus canadensis (elk), alces alces (moose), and bos taurus (cattle) musculature containing sarcocystis spp. cysts was fed to laboratory raised canis latrans (coyotes), sporocysts collected from the feces of coyotes fed musculature of each of the ruminant species were fed to four groups of three laboratory-raised domestic calves, respectively, to determine if sarcocystis spp. was transmissible from wild to domestic ruminants and if so, to compare clinical signs of infection ...19826811717
[anatomy of the skull of red deer and roe-deer]. 19836857641
influence of some sedative drugs on the appetite of red deer. 19836857983
haemorheological studies of the sickle cell phenomenon in european red deer (cervus elaphus).it was demonstrated that the appearance of sickle-shaped erythrocytes can be induced by oxygenating the blood of european red deer (cervus elaphus). the process was reversible. blood cell counts with the exception of a slight reduction in red cell number and protein fractions did not show any abnormal values. the blood, which was examined at least 18 h after sampling, exhibited considerable deviations of blood gas values. in addition, highly significant haemorheological changes due to the sickle ...19836871477
pathology of spontaneous and experimental infection of north american wild ruminants with mycobacterium paratuberculosis.spontaneous paratuberculosis was studied in free-ranging and captive bighorn sheep (ovis canadensis), and rocky mountain goats (oreamnos americanus). lesions of paratuberculosis in these species resembled the disease in domestic sheep and goats. mycobacterium paratuberculosis cultured from bighorn sheep was used to orally infect bighorn x mouflon (ovis musimon) hybrid sheep, elk (cervus elaphus nelsoni), mule deer (odocoileus hemionus), and white-tailed deer (odocoileus virginianus). clinical pa ...19836879954
myxofibrosarcoma in a roosevelt elk (cervus elaphus roosevelti). 19836879958
red deer endoparasites. 19826897688
do the blood vessels of the antler velvet of the red deer have an adrenergic innervation?samples of antler velvet and pedicle skin of red deer were snap-frozen, freeze-dried and treated with hot formaldehyde vapour. sections (4 microns thick) were epi-illuminated with ultra-violet light. no blue-green fluorescence characteristic of adrenergic nerves was seen in sections from the antler velvet except in one castrate, although the blood vessels of the pedicle skin were well innervated. yellow fluorescence characteristic of 5-hydroxytryptamine was present in mast cells in the velvet. t ...19816911764
welcome to 7 elk street--home of dssny's office of government relations. 19806935562
keratitis in red deer. 19816947162
[loss of permanent teeth in the workers at the state farms in elk]. 19816949197
morphology of the mandibular and sublingual ganglion in the deer (cervus elaphus l. 1758). 19806982204
[survey of parasitoses of wild game animals in the ddr].a survey about the important parasites and parasitic diseases of the fair game animals in the gdr is given. here are of special importance: the coccidiosis of the hares, the sarcosporidiosis and the infection with lungworms and gastro-intestinal helminths of the wild ruminants and wildboars, the onchocercosis of the red deer and lastly the infection with skin warble, pharyngeal gad-fly larvae and louse-flies of the roe and red deer. the possibility of crosswise infection between domestic and gam ...19807011109
plasma concentrations of lh, prolactin, oestradiol and progesterone in female red deer (cervus elaphus) during pregnancy.peripheral blood samples were collected throughout pregnancy from 11 red deer hinds. during the same period, 6 other hinds which mated but failed to produce calves were also sampled. pretreatment of some of these hinds included synchronization of oestrus alone (n = 3) or with injection of 1000 i.u. pmsg (n = 9). during early and mid-pregnancy, lh and prolactin were frequently undetectable. prolactin concentrations in pregnant and non-pregnant hinds were high (greater than 250 ng/ml) in december- ...19827069664
hematologic and serum chemical values of adult female rocky mountain elk from new mexico and oklahoma.hematologic and serum chemical values were determined for two groups of adult female rocky mountain elk (cervus elaphus nelsoni) from new mexico and oklahoma. although considerable variation in values was observed between elk from the same group, the mean values from 16 of the 20 blood parameters tested were significantly different between the two groups. of these, the most significant variations were observed in values which were likely to be influenced by nutritional condition and health statu ...19827097884
the infectivity of some nematode parasites of reindeer (rangifer tarandus l.) and elk (alces alces l.) for cattle and sheep.cross infections were carried out by dosing parasite-free calves and lambs with third stage nematode larvae cultured from the faeces of reindeer and elk. two lambs each received 20,000 larvae from reindeer, and one lamb 20,000 larvae from elk. one calf received 50,000 larvae from reindeer and one 50,000 from elk. the animals were killed 28 days after infection. egg output did not differ significantly between the lambs nor between the calves, but in the lambs the output was much higher than in th ...19827113357
[the elk throat bot fly causing human ophthalmomyiasis]. 19827128490
effects of ration, season and animal handling on composition of bison and cattle blood.composition of ration and season of sampling markedly affected the composition of blood in six tamed bison (bison bison) steers and eight hereford cattle (bos taurus) steers. observed values extended reported ranges for albumin, phosphorus and blood urea nitrogen (bun) in bison serum. there were several differences between species in blood composition. in particular, erythrocytic and bun values were higher in bison than in cattle. overall mean values for bison and cattle receiving experimental r ...19827131655
[polyarthritis caused by filariae in red deer]. 19827148216
an investigation of radionuclide concentrations in tissues of elk utilizing los alamos national laboratory land. 19827152921
spongiform encephalopathy of rocky mountain elk.a disease with striking clinical and pathologic similarities to the spongiform encephalopathies is described in six rocky mountain elk (cervus elaphus nelsoni) maintained in wildlife facilities in colorado and wyoming. clinical signs included behavioral alterations and progressive weight loss over a period of weeks or months. consistent microscopic lesions were limited to the central nervous system and characterized by widespread spongiform transformation of the neuropil, intracytoplasmic vacuol ...19827154220
trypanosoma cervi from alaskan reindeer, rangifer tarandus.twenty-nine (64.4%) or 45 reindeer, rangifer tarandus, examined over a two-year period were infected with trypanosomes. trypomastigotes and dividing epimastigotes were found in the blood of fawns, cows, and bulls. morphometric analysis of bloodstream trypomastigotes from reindeer and comparison of these parasites with similar stages of trypanosomes from elk, mule deer, and white-tailed deer from the continuous united states proved them conspecific; the trypanosomes from these members of the cerv ...19827175772
red deer endoparasites. 19827179704
transmission of malignant catarrhal fever to rabbits.a farmed red deer in contact with a flock of lambing ewes developed malignant catarrhal fever (mcf). tissues from this deer were homogenised and inoculated into two rabbits one of which developed a febrile response on the 11th day. this rabbit was killed on the following day after developing conjunctivitis and hyperaemia of the nostrils. the condition was transmitted from this rabbit through a further three rabbit passes. of 21 rabbits inoculated 15 reacted after three to 29 days. the clinical a ...19807189075
[the larval development of dipetalonema rugosicauda (syn. wehrdikmansia rugosicauda) in the tick ixodes ricinus. ii. the development of dipetalonema rugosicauda in ixodes ricinus and investigations about the occurrence of the microfilariae in the roe deer (c. capreolus) (author's transl)].microfilariae of d. rugosicauda, which were taken up by nymphs of i. ricinus during their attachment on roe deers, developed in those ticks to infective larvae after two moults. the larval development lasted 56-67 days at 20-22 degrees c and occurred similar to other species of dipetalonema inclusive a sausage stage. during this time the nymphs moulted to adult ticks. adult females and males of i. ricinus collected in the area of biberach/riss, southern-germany, contained up to 12 infective larv ...19807189613
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