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[developmental stages of taenia krabbei moniez, 1879 (cysticercus tarandi) in deer (capreolus capreolus l.) in czechoslovakia].the breast and shoulder-blade muscles of a roe (caprelous capreolus l.), shot in a hunting district in western bohemia, were found to contain cysticerci with morphological characters and size corresponding to those of cysticercus tarandi, which is a developmental stage of the tapeworm taenia krabbei moniez, 1879. the surface as well as deeper layers of muscle contained one to two cysticerci per 100 cm2 of area. the authors describe the larvocysts and histological changes in the site where the mi ...197896571
[antibodies against hantaviruses in game and domestic oxen in the czech republic].using the test of indirect immunofluorescence, the authors examined sera of animals for antibodies against the strain cg 18-20 of hantavirus (identical with strain puumala) and against the hantaan strain. as a control and supplement of the examination the authors used cells containing the tbe virus, strain hypr. in a group of 260 hares (lepus europaeus) in 3.5% antibodies were present against hantavirus cg 18-20. of 41 deer (capreolus capreolus) they were present in 14.1%. of 11 fallow-deers non ...19921534516
studies on the parietal region of the cervid skull. i. remarks on the os interparietale in the skull of the roe deer (capreolus capreolus l.).in the roe deer skull symmetrically arranged ossa interparietalia were found to develop from paired centers of ossification. obliteration of the sutura interinterparietalis mostly started already late in prenatal life, whereas closure of the interparietal and the interparietoparietal sutures as a rule commenced around the second week post partum. a certain degree of variability with respect to the timing of sutural closure was observed. no synostosis occurred between the os parietale resp. os in ...19921497139
[the spleen of the cervidae (gray, 1821). quantitative-morphological studies on the spleens of stags (cervus elaphus, l.1785) and of deers (capreolus capreolus, l. 1758)].the macroscopical and microscopical structure of 17 spleens of cervus elaphus and 9 spleens of capreolus capreolus is described. the spleens of both species exhibit structural characteristics which resemble those of the reticular "non-sinusoidal" type. these include: spleen arterial ramifications of the "magistral type" (schabadasch), bilayered capsule, well developed smooth muscle cells containing trabecular networks, numerous muscle cells in the red pulp, poorlý developed white pulp, splenic v ...19751228055
[investigations on the filariidae of the cervidae in southern germany. 3. the filariidae of roe deer (capreolus capreolus) and fallow deer (dama dama) (author's transl)].roe deer in southern germany are frequently infected with w. rugosicauda. the adult worms are found subcutaneously in the connective tissues of the back of the host. the microfilariae concentrate in a considerable distance near the nose, in smaller numbers also in the ears and in the skin of the legs. the vector is probably ixodes ricinus. in fallow deer c. wenki are found intradermally and subcutaneously. the microfilariae remain in the skin near the site of the adult worms. skin inhabiting mic ...19751216336
[external morphology of the roe deet (capreolus capreolus l)].the results of a morphological study of the cerebellum of the roe-deer are given. the structural simplicity of lobus rostralis, the relatively small development of lobulus ansiformis fully agree with previous works on the pattern of the cerebellum in ungalata.19761021174
reinvestigation of the primary structures of red deer and roe deer pancreatic ribonuclease and proline sites in mammalian ribonucleases.the sequences of amino acid residues 15-23 of red deer (cervus elaphus) and roe deer (capreolus capreolus) pancreatic ribonuclease and the identity of residue 99 in roe deer ribonuclease are corrected. earlier results are explained by the cleavage of an asp-pro bond in both enzymes during the treatment with cnbr in 70% formic acid and by wrong interpretations of amino acid analyses. proline residues, which occur at a number of positions in several mammalian ribonucleases, can be accommodated in ...1977836889
[clinical examination of the blood of roe deer (capreolus capreolus l.) and fallow deer (dama dama l.) naturally invaded by parasites].roe-deer (capreolus capreolus l. -- five animals) and fallow deer (dama dama l. -- eleven animals) of both sexes and at different age were subject to blood examination. the deer were killed in several preserves in bohemia during autumn and winter shootings in two years. the following blood values were determined: erythrocyte count, leucocyte count, hemoglobin content, hematocrit values, mcv, mch, mchc, white blood picture, total protein, its fractions (albumin, alpha-, beta-, and gamma-globulin) ...1975809892
leptospiral antibodies in wild living animals from north tyrol.the authors examined serologically 623 wild living animals (22 species) from north tyrol for the incidence of leptospirosis. positive reactions (mal) in the titre 1: 100 and more were found in 4.5% of the animals examined; the serotypes concerned were these: icterohaemorrhagiae, sorex-jalna, castellonis or arboreae, grippotyphosa, bratislava, pomona, sejroe, saxkoebing. positive reactions were obtained with the sera of sorex araneus, erinaceus europaeus, putorius putorius, vulpes vulpes, cervus ...1976780229
[contribution on the parasite fauna of the gdr. 2. studies of the incidence of helminths in roe-deer (capreolus capreolus)].the authors show the results of researches on the helminthofauna in roe deers from two different hunting-grounds. the results are compared with those of other authors in gdr and the central european region. in roe deers 37 different helminths--1 species of trematoda, 3 species of cestoda and 33 species of nematoda--are found up to till now in gdr. finally some informations are given about the extense- and the intense-infection of the hosts.1978736314
plasma progesterone levels in the roe deer, capreolus capreolus. 1977881677
[nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses of the roe-deer (capreolus capreolus) (corrision-anatomical and x-ray studies)].by means of about fifty skulls of dominating female animals of all age groups the formation and topgraphy of the cavum nasi and its sinus paranasales at the roe-deer are investigated and described by pouring out the sinus paranasales about their physiological entrances with technovit 7143. amongst numerous findings the main results are in the following: 1. the total absence of a sinus frontalis, 2. the characteristic formation of the sinus ethmoidales. the results are compared with the well-know ...1977608578
experimental induction of luteal cyclicity in roe deer (capreolus capreolus).concentrations of progesterone and luteinizing hormone in plasma were analysed for two consecutive years in samples from nonpregnant female roe deer. three animals were treated with monthly prostaglandin injections (325 micrograms cloprostenol) from october 1989 to april 1990 and from october 1990 to march 1991, and three were kept as controls. in control animals, a small increase in progesterone concentrations in july 1990 occurred at the same time as the commencement of the rut in other husban ...19921432970
[infestation of roe deer by cephenemyia stimulator (clark) (diptera, oestridae) in trent province].cephenemya stimulator (clark) (diptera oestridae) is first recorded in italy parasiting roe deer (capreolus capreolus). diagnosis was made by examination of ii-iii instar larvae (fig. 1-2) from roe deers killed in trient province. in these last years in the trentin region, there was an increasing of roe deers number (actually about 20.000); at the same time growed roe deers infestation by c. stimulator (tab. 1). females of c. stimulator probably attack young roe-deers lying down on field-pasture ...1978553265
[ultrastructure of the cyst wall of sarcocysts of the roe deer (capreolus capreolus l.) (author's transl)].the ultrastructure of the cyst wall of two types of sarcocysts from roe deer is described. in the thin-walled cyst (wall thickness 0.18-00.26 micrometer), the primary cyst wall forms long, finger-shaped protrusions distant from one another and running in parallel with the surface of the cyst (figs. 1a--d, fp). no fibrils are observable in the protrusions. the primary cyst wall between them forms numerous bubble-like invaginations (fig. 1c, arrows). in the thick-walled cysts (wall thickness 4.9-- ...1978418588
adenoma in a british roe deer (capreolus capreolus). 1979222037
isolation of louping-ill virus from a roe deer (capreolus capreolus). 1976176767
ultrastructure of the blastocyst and endometrium of the roe deer (capreolus capreolus) during delayed implantation.transmission electron microscopy of the trophoblast cells during diapause revealed an abundance of electron-dense, membrane-bound granular inclusions and a marked lack of cytoplasmic organelles. the cells also possessed a well-developed covering of branched microvilli, numerous caveolae, micropinocytotic vesicles and a lamina of fine fibrillae. the progressive enlargement of the blastocyst during diapause was correlated with a decline in the height of the trophoblast cells and a reduction in the ...1975166066
[sarcosporidiosis of roe deer (capreolus capreolus l.)].examination of 197 specimens of roe deer, of 8 regions of bohemia, both males and females of various age, revealed sarcosporidiosis in 76% of animals. the incidence of sarcosporidiosis was higher in the regions where the landscape was not much influenced by cultivating. two types of microscopical sarcocysts, thin-walled and thick-walled ones, were found for the first time in roe deer. the thick-walled cysts were observed in one region only. then, the sarcosporidiosis in roe deer seems to be caus ...197899354
a scanning electron microscopic study on the distribution of peritubular dentine in cheek teeth of cervidae and suidae (mammalia, artiodactyla).distribution of peritubular dentine was studied in cheek teeth of fallow deer (dama dama), roe deer (capreolus capreolus) and wild boar (sus scrofa). in the two cervid species, especially intense peritubular dentine formation was found in the outer regions of mid and cuspal coronal dentine. in these areas a marked asymmetry occurred, peritubular dentine being predominantly secreted onto the side of the dentinal tubule walls nearest to the dentinoenamel junction. intensity and asymmetry of peritu ...19921416081
progesterone and estrogen levels in peripheral plasma of the pregnant and nonpregnant roe deer (capreolus capreolus). 1978743547
characterisation of a tandem repetitive sequence cloned from the deer capreolus capreolus and its chromosomal localisation in two muntjac species.the isolation and characterisation of a highly repetitive dna sequence from the genome of the roe deer capreolus capreolus is reported. this sequence is characterised by tandem repetition and located within centric heterochromatin as demonstrated by non isotopic in situ hybridisation to the karyotypes of the indian and chinese muntjacs. amplification and/or clustering of these sequences during the drastic karyotype evolution of the genus muntiacus was noted in the large centromere of the x chrom ...19911774183
pestivirus infections in ruminants other than cattle.pestiviruses infect a wide range of domestic, captive and free-living ruminants. among domestic livestock, border disease virus is a well recognised cause of an important congenital disease of sheep in virtually all sheep-rearing countries of the world. the clinical signs, pathogenesis, diagnosis, epidemiology and control of this disease are described in detail. one natural outbreak of border disease in domestic goats has been described and there is serological and virological evidence that pest ...19901966719
[detection of aflatoxin b1 in tissues of free-living game animals (lepus europaeus, phasianus colchicus, capreolus capreolus, anas platyrhynchos)].this contribution states concentrations of products of toxogenic mould fungus aspergillus in livers, kidneys and testes of specific game animals. in hares (lepus europaeus), there was determined an average concentration in livers of 0.407 microgram.kg-1 +/- 0.29, in kidneys 0.658 microgram.kg-1 +/- 0.60, in testes 0.523 microgram.kg-1 +/- 0.27 and in the ovaries 0.207 microgram.kg-1 +/- 0.19. higher values were found in those animals with silage pits, hayricks and liquid manure pits nearby. in r ...19921492526
mandibular fluoride concentration and its relation to age in roe deer (capreolus capreolus l.).1. mandibular fluoride content was recorded in 63 roe deer (33 males, 30 females) between 9 months and 10 years of age, taken from an area in sw germany not exposed to increased fluoride deposition. 2. bone fluoride level was positively correlated with age (t-test, p less than or equal to 0.001), the increase in concentration being higher in younger animals and declining in older deer. 3. in the sample studied, no significant sex specific difference in mean mandibular fluoride concentration was ...19892575962
[serum proteins of worm-infested deer (capreolus capreolus l. 1758). comparison between ordinary and immunoelectrophoresis]. 19852581397
survey for toxoplasmosis in wild and domestic animals from norway and sweden.fifty-nine of 1250 (4.7%) wild and domestic animals from norway and sweden had positive dye-test titers (greater than or equal to 1:8) for antibody against toxoplasma gondii. a dye-test titer of 1:8 (30-40 i.u.) or higher was detected in 3 of 732 small rodents (0.4%), 21 of 87 domestic cats (24%), 9 of 29 red foxes (vulpes vulpes) (31%), 2 of 2 domesticated arctic foxes (alopex lagopus), 12 of 99 red deer (cervus elaphus) (12%), 5 of 8 roe deer (capreolus capreolus) (63%) and in 7 of 34 wild rab ...1978650778
a scanning electron microscopic study on surface lesions in fluorosed enamel of roe deer (capreolus capreolus l.).scanning electron microscopy of surface enamel lesions in fluorosed permanent premolars and molars of free-ranging roe deer revealed two types of pits. post-eruptive lesions that resulted from mechanical stress on hypomineralized enamel during mastication were characterized by steep walls and a typical honeycomb structure on their bottom, a result of fracture of enamel rods; holes left by fractured rods were surrounded by interrod enamel. pits of developmental origin (hypoplasias), either as sha ...19892763411
intracytoplasmic inclusion bodies associated with vesicular, ulcerative and necrotizing lesions of the digestive mucosa of a roedeer (capreolus capreolus l.) and a moose (alces alces l.). 19872833849
metabolism of testosterone by forehead skin of the roebuck (capreolus capreolus).roebucks have a specialized region of skin on the forehead which contains sebaceous and apocrine glands that produce secretions used in territorial marking. these glands enlarge during the breeding season and regress after the rut as the testes regress. the metabolism of testosterone by this forehead skin in vitro was studied in two captive roebucks over the period of glandular enlargement and subsequent regression, and compared with that of dorsal skin. in may, june and july, both areas of skin ...1977591841
incompetence of roe deer as reservoirs of the lyme borreliosis spirochete.to determine whether the roe deer, capreolus capreolus l. may serve as a reservoir host for the lyme disease spirochete, borrelia burgdorferi johnson, schmid, hyde, steigerwalt & brenner, evidence of spirochetal infection was sought in nymphal ixodes ricinus (l.) that had engorged as larvae on roe deer. sixteen roe deer were shot in lyme disease enzootic areas of south-central sweden during august-november 1990 and august 1991. an average of 276 (range, 84-658) larvae of i. ricinus was collected ...19921404260
sex chromatin formation in the blastocyst of the roe deer (capreolus capreolus) during delayed implantation. 19744415752
localization of cloned, repetitive dna sequences in deer species and its implications for maintenance of gene territory.the deer family shows the largest variation in chromosome number known in mammals (2n = 6 to 2n = 70). the drastic rearrangement of the chromosomes allows to test the prediction, based on the chromosome field theory, according to which dna sequences tend to occupy specific territories within the eukaryotic chromosome. nuclear dnas were isolated from eight deer and two bovidae species. these dnas were cleaved with the restriction enzymes eco ri and alu i. following eco ri digestion highly repetit ...19902361878
[characteristics of epididymal epithelium in the adult roe-buck (capreolus capreolus l.)]. 19883190889
[occurrence of fasciola hepatica in deer (capreolus capreolus) and red deer (cervus elaphus) and its treatment using rafoxanide]. 19734594866
[further observations and considerations on the biological and reproductive cycle of the roe buck (capreolus capreolus l.)].the authors have studied the seasonal microanatomical modifications of the ovary of the roe deer and testis of the roe buck. the ovary during the month of september presents primary, secondary and mature vesicular follicles. during the month of october there is the first presence of a corpus luteum. the corpora lutea during the months of november and december increase in size and blood supply; the cells are filled with acidophil granules. the corpora lutea persist also in january and february wh ...19892597417
[the character of chromosome banding in the karyotype of the roebuck].we examined the karyotype in five individuals of roe-deer (capreolus capreolus), coming from southern moravia. we subjected to examination the cells of bone marrow, lymphocytes of peripheral blood and germ sexual cells of roebuck. in all examined animals and in all examined tissues we found out a diploid number of seventy chromosomes. all autosomes were acrocentric, sex chromosomes had two arms. during the c-banding the centromere regions of all autosomes stained deep--dark; this demonstrated a ...19873105155
[redescription of dictyocaulus noerneri ralliet et henry, 1907, parasite of capreolus capreolus in europe. comparison with d. viviparus (bloch, 1782), a parasite of cattle].both species are easily distinguished by the shape and the thickness of the buccal ring. in d. noerneri, the buccal ring is 12-14 microns high, kidney like shape in optical section and thick in en face view. in d. viviparus, the buccal ring is 22-25 microns high, triangular shape in optical section and thin in en face view. the taxon dictyocaulus eckerti skrjabin, 1931, described from rangifer larandus in western siberia, has been misused to call the dictyocaulids of european cervidae. if those ...19883202587
[ethmoid tumors in moose and roe deer].ethmoid tumors are expansively-infiltratively growing tumors of carcinomatous or sarcomatous nature, deriving from the mucous membrane of the ethmoid bone. in sweden, such tumors were found in 35 elks (alces a. alces) and 4 roe deer (capreolus capreolus) during the years 1947-1982, that means a frequency of about 1 and 0.1 per cent, respectively of the investigation material. however, in the free living elk and roe deer population, the frequency might be much lower. the tumors were malign, exten ...19852993995
influence of photoperiod on the seasonal pattern of secretion of luteinizing hormone and testosterone and on the antler cycle in roe deer (capreolus capreolus).annual variations in concentrations of luteinizing hormone (lh) and testosterone in plasma were analysed in relation to the antler cycle in six adult male roe deer exposed to a natural photoperiod (latitude 46 degrees 10'n) and in four adult males maintained in a constant short-day photoperiod (8 h light: 16 h dark) for a year, from the winter solstice at which time both groups of animals had antlers in velvet. the animals were sampled, every 15 min for 2 or 4 h at intervals of one month for a y ...19921404086
in search of biomonitors for cadmium: cadmium content of wild swedish fauna during 1973-1976.forty-five species of birds and 22 species of mammals of the terrestrial and aquatic fauna, herbivores as well as carnivores, were investigated during the period 1973-1976 for cadmium-accumulating properties in order to find biomonitors for cadmium in the swedish environment. the herbivores of the terrestrial fauna, birds as well as mammals, are preferred to carnivores, since they demonstrate generally higher renal cd levels. the moose (alces alces), roe deer (capreolus capreolus) and hare (lepu ...19863810147
[topography and structure of the stylohyoid muscle in mammals].topography and structure of the musculus stylohyoideus (msh) have been studied in 78 species of mammalia from 12 orders. the muscle in question has specific peculiarities not only in its position and fixation, but also in a great variability of its structure. the msh is not revealed in philander opossum, lagostrophus fasciatus, guinea pig, meriones eversmanni, rhombomys opimus, nyctereutes procyonoides, thos aureus, mastelidae. various pathways of development and different functional loading def ...19883408352
innervation pattern in jaw muscles of various mammalian chewing types.the intramuscular nerve branches of the masticatory muscles were investigated in different mammalian species such as canis familiaris, capreolus capreolus, capra hircus africans, bos primigenius forma taurus, myocastor coypus molina 1782, sus scrofa domestica, pan troglodytes, homo sapiens. the ramifications of the nerves form a specific pattern that is adapted to the specialised muscle structures in all mammalian chewing type. the innervation pattern is fully consistent with the infrastructures ...19892816526
[macroscopic description of the bones of the forelimb of pudu pudu (molina 1782)].the present study describes the anatomical details of the bones of the thoracic limb from pudu pudu (molina 1782). the results were similar to findings discovered in capreolus capreolus, dama dama, and ovis aries, while there were hardly any similarities to findings in capra hircus.19883197939
the gastro-intestinal helminths of wild ruminants in britain i. roe deer, capreolus capreolus capreolus. 19655887657
infection of roe-deer in france by the lung nematode, dictyocaulus eckerti skrjabin, 1931 (trichostrongyloidea): influence of environmental factors and host density.the prevalence of the lungworm, dictyocaulus eckerti, was studied in a sample of 603 roe-deer (capreolus capreolus) in the rhone district of france. the mean prevalence of infection (17%) in deer in a given area fluctuated according to the percentage of the area covered with forest, or lake and river. the density of roe-deer or domestic ruminants, the type of forest and the maximum elevation of the site were not related to the prevalence of infection.19872950246
a disease resembling paratuberculosis (johne's disease) in roe deer (capreolus capreolus l.). an aetiological and patho-anatomical study. 19666006795
[the lymph nodes of the fallow deer (dama dama l., 1758)].in the present study the topographic anatomy of the lymph nodes of fallow deer is described in detail. the nl. axillaris proprius is absent. this, however, is the only apparent difference when comparing fallow deer with cattle, sheep, goat and roe deer (capreolus capreolus l. 1758) in respect to the existence of the lymph nodes. minor topographic deviations are of little importance for locating the lymph nodes.19911833174
the sexual cycle of a seasonally breeding mammal,the roebuck (capreolus capreolus). 19665951122
the inter-relationship of endo-parasites in wild cervids (capreolus capreolus l. and alces alces l.) and domestic ruminants in sweden. 19715103412
cadmium concentration in roe deer (capreolus capreolus) and plants. 19854088319
calcium and zinc in the endometrium and uterine flushings of the roe deer (capreolus capreolus) during delayed implantation. 19744214921
malignant catarrhal fever: experimental transmission of the 'sheep-associated' form of the disease from cattle and deer to cattle, deer, rabbits and hamsters.attempts to transmit malignant catarrhal fever (mcf) from 16 bovine cases of the 'sheep-associated' form of the disease are described. on two occasions disease was transmitted to bovine calves but transmission to red deer (cervus elaphus) was not achieved. in addition, mcf was transmitted from one experimentally affected calf to a rabbit and on another occasion directly to rabbits with material from a field case which failed to transmit to a bovine calf or red deer. subsequently each of these is ...19863764105
standard karyotype and chromosomal evolution of the fallow deer (dama dama l.).g-banding, c-banding and silver staining techniques were used to study the chromosomes of the fallow deer dama dama (2n = 68, nf = 70). on the basis of g-banded metaphases a diagrammatic representation of banding patterns at the 350 band level is proposed. c-banding reveals constitutive heterochromatin in the centromeric regions of all the acrocentric chromosomes. faint c-banding is present in the centromere of the y chromosome, while the single pair of metacentrics are c-band negative. the nucl ...19902090390
[game biology and comparative animal physiology. ii. microorganisms in the rumen of red deer (cervus elaphus) and roe deer (capreolus capreolus)]. 19675634228
[topographical and functional anatomy of the abdominal viscera in the deer (capreolus capreolus l.)]. 19744827339
endoparasites of roe deer (capreolus capreolus l.) from switzerland with special reference to hosts from the emmental region of canton berne. 19744833442
seasonal variation in testicular activity of roe deer (capreolus capreolus). 19883169303
[in vitro studies on amino acid and sugar absorption by the jejunum of roe deer (capreolus capreolus l.)]. 19724626302
[sexual dimorphism and seasonal rhythmic morphokinesis of the adrenal cortex in the roe (capreolus capreolus l.)]. 19734592541
histopathological findings in the lungs of scottish red and roe deer.histopathology on portions of lung collected from 34 red deer (cervus elaphus) and 15 roe deer (capreolus capreolus) between 1977 and 1981 revealed evidence of lungworm infestation in 16 red and 14 roe deer. in the red deer, dictyocaulus species, and the developmental stages of another parasite, believed to be elaphostrongylus cervi, were involved. dictyocaulus also affected the roe deer, but in them the major lesions were associated with protostrongylids. exudative bronchopneumonia, including t ...19836220510
histological and ultrastructural changes in the blastocyst and reproductive tract of the roe deer, capreolus capreolus, during delayed implantation. 19734354893
[the characteristic musculature of the pelvic limbs of pudu pudu (molina 1782)].the present study gives a topographic description of the muscles of the pelvic limb of pudu pudu (molina 1782). the tabular composed results are discussed together with findings in capreolus capreolus, cervus elaphus, ovis aries, and capra hircus.19883224796
serologic testing of wild roe deer (capreolus capreolus l.) from the trois fontaines forest region of eastern france. 19836358537
[chemical constituents of hairy young horn of capreolus capreolus--isolation and identification of fat-soluble constituents]. 19846241108
[occurrence of fasciola hepatica in deer (capreolus capreolus) and red deer (cervus elaphus) and its control using rafoxanide]. 19734588751
[winter feeding or autumn feeding of game animals?].a literature review of seasonal changes in metabolism and food intake and the accumulation of energy deposits (fat) during the natural mast period in autumn is linked to the results of feeding trials with roe deer (capreolus capreolus) and red deer (cervus elaphus) using supplementary feeding and/or planted crops to simulate the mast which is missing in conifer forests planted mainly for timber production. the results indicate that autumn mast simulation is more physiological and effective in re ...19846388030
[preliminary studies of coccidiosis in the roebuck (capreolus capreolus)]. 19715170402
biochemical variation in roe deer (capreolus capreolus l.): are r-strategists among deer genetically less variable than k-strategists?tissue samples from 161 roe deer (capreolus capreolus l.) from 5 populations in austria were screened for allelic variation at 41 presumptive genetic loci by means of horizontal starch gel electrophoresis. the proportion of polymorphic loci ranged from 14.6 per cent to 19.5 per cent, the values for expected average heterozygosity from 3.5 per cent to 7.9 per cent. these values are among the highest ones yet found among deer species. the relationship between biochemical genetic variation, body si ...19883366627
larvae of elaphostrongylus cervi in the deer of scotland.protostrongylid larvae were recovered from the faeces or lungs of red deer (cervus elaphus), roe deer (capreolus capreolus) and reindeer (rangifer tarandus) in scotland during 1981. typical protostrongylid first-stage larvae were also recovered from possible intermediate hosts, the grey field slug (agriolimax reticulata) and the white-soled slug (arion fasciatus). all these protostrongylid larvae were microscopically identical to those of the nematode elaphostrongylus cervi. despite careful sear ...19853992820
faecal bacteria of wild ruminants and the alpine marmot.faecal samples from 60 red deer (cervus elaphus), 13 roe deer (capreolus capreolus), 7 chamois (rupicapra rupicapra), 41 alpine marmot (marmota marmota) and soils mixed with deer faeces from the stelvio national park were examined for campylobacter sp. and salmonella sp. with negative results. the same material, especially deer faeces, was a habitat highly suitable for yersinia sp.: y. enterocolitica (two biotypes) was isolated twice, y. kristensenii (two serotypes) was isolated 19 times, y. fre ...19853898557
[comparative microscopic anatomy of the urinary bladder of various domestic and wild ruminants].the authors focus their interest on the microanatomical differences between urinary bladders of some domestic (sheep and cattle) and wild ruminantia (roe and chamois). sixteen urinary bladders of the following species have been studied by azan, masson and weigert staining methods: three urinary bladders of ovis aries (l.) and bos taurus (l.) drawn from animals of both sexes; seven urinary bladders drawn from female of capreolus capreolus (l.); three urinary bladders from both sexes specimens of ...19846497980
stercorarian trypanosomes from deer (cervidae) in germany.twenty of 35 roe deer (capreolus capreolus), eight of 12 red deer (cervus elaphus), and nine of 21 fallow deer (cervus dama) but none of four moose (alces alces) examined from april to november 1983 were infected with trypanosomes. morphometric data of the bloodstream trypomastigotes from the three deer species differed significantly. this appears to be the first report of stercorarian trypanosomes from cervidae in the old world and the first description of representatives of the subgenus megatr ...19846512728
on nematodirus europaeus n.sp. from the small intestine of the roe deer (capreolus capreolus). 19725082158
electron microscope study of merogony preceding cyst formation of sarcocystis sp. in roe deer (capreolus capreolus).precystic merogony of sarcocystis sp. was studied in roe deer fawns 33, 45, and 49 days postinoculation (pi) with 2 x 10(4)-10(5) sporocysts recovered from dogs. single merozoites, but no meronts, were found 33 days pi in liver, spleen, and lymph nodes. transforming merozoites and meronts were found in myofibroblasts, satellite cells, and endothelial cells of muscle tissue on 45 and 49 days pi; they were surrounded by two membranes. typical coccidian merozoites differentiated simultaneously arou ...19836414194
[curious scar after amputation of the foot of a goat (capreolus capreolus)]. 19724405326
delayed implantation in roe deer (capreolus capreolus). 19744851283
[the individual muscles of the shoulder limb of pudu pudu (molina 1782)].the present study gives a topographic description of the muscles of the thoracic limb of pudu pudu (molina 1782). this description is intended as basis for surgery, but is also to be rated as a morphological study. the results are therefore discussed together with findings in dama dama, capreolus capreolus, ovis aries, capra hircus, and also with findings in cattle and pigs.19883224788
karyotypes in five species of deer (alces alces l., capreolus capreolus l., cervus elaphus l., cervus nippon nippon temm. and dama dama l.). 19685721324
annual profiles of reproductive hormones in peripheral plasma of the male roe deer (capreolus capreolus).blood samples were collected from 3 roebucks 1 to 3 times per month during several years to study the relationship between season and concentrations of lh, fsh, testosterone and prolactin. plasma values of all of these hormones began to increase during the second half of february. lh, fsh and testosterone levels reached a plateau during april. highest average levels of lh and testosterone were observed before the start of the rutting season (mid-july--mid-august) and steadily declined thereafter ...19826816927
hormonal secretion and enzyme activity of cultured roe-deer (capreolus capreolus l.) leydig cells, as measured by radio-immunological and histochemical assays.leydig cells from roe-deer collected according to steinberger's (1975) technique were cultured as monolayers in leighton tubes for 10 days. cultures were grown in medium 199 supplemented with 10% calf serum. androgen and oestrogen secretion by leydig cells into the culture medium was measured using appropriate radio-immunoassays. using histochemical tests the activity of the following oxydoreductive enzymes in cultured leydig cells was shown: delta 5, 3 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (delta 5 ...19853000700
aspects of delayed implantation in the roe deer (capreolus capreolus).embryonic diapause in the roe deer is initiated at the blastocyst stage of development and persists for a period of 5 months. in common with other species exhibiting such diapause, quiescence of the roe deer blastocyst is associated with inhibition of endometrial secretory activity. the termination of diapause is characterized by the rapid elongation of the chorionic sac to a length of 30 cm and the simultaneous release of a secretion from the endometrial ducts and glands. the factors responsibl ...19817014871
temporal and seasonal relationships between lh, testosterone and antlers in fawn and adult male roe deer (capreolus capreolus l.): a longitudinal study from birth to four years of age. 19827058685
ultrastructure of gamonts and gametes and fertilization of sarcocystis sp. from the roe deer (capreolus capreolus) in dogs.gamonts of sarcocystis sp. from the roe deer were examined in the intestine of dogs 10 h after inoculation. early macrogamonts were limited by a three-membranous pellicle, and situated in a parasitophorous vacuole. female sexual stages during fertilization, the macrogametes, were limited by five membranes, and microgametes were observed in the parasitophorous vacuole. the outer membranes of the microgamete and macrogamete fuse, and the nucleoplasm of the microgamte enters the cytoplasm of the ma ...19826810569
relationship between antler development and plasma androgen concentrations in adult roe deer (capreolus capreolus).four male deer (4-5 years old), living in normal park conditions, were captured every 2 weeks in the year to study annual variations in androgen levels and the relationship between testicular activity and the antler cycle. data were also obtained from 77 wild adult males (greater than 3 years old) caught in the forest. plasma androgen concentrations rose briefly in april and markedly in august; the high values in august corresponded with the breeding period. from the time of casting to maximum g ...19817230135
[biodiversity and similarity between the nematode parasite communities of domestic and wild ruminants].the analysis of the bibliografical information concerning to the nematode parasite communities of domestic and wild ruminants, permitted to obtein the following values of maximum diversity index, bovidae: 4.88 bits; cervidae: 4.33 bits and cameliae: 3.69 bits. the highest values of this index within each family of host wee 5.75 bits. 5.49 bits and 4.32 bits for ovis aries (bovidae), capreolus capreolus (cervidae), lama pacos and camelus dromedarius (camelidae), respectively. the families of para ...19937483967
on the diagnostics and nomenclature of sarcocystis species (sporozoa) in roe deer (capreolus capreolus).three species of sarcocysts from european roe deer (capreolus capreolus) are characterised using light and electron microscopy. the hitherto existing descriptions of four species are attributed to the actual state of nomenclature.19957550443
[so-called "hair pestilence" in roes (capreolus capreolus l.), a hair parakeratosis]. 19836830575
mineral absorption and secretion patterns in the alimentary tract of the roe deer (capreolus capreolus).concentrations of macrominerals; na, k, ca, mg, p, and cl were measured in different sections of the alimentary tract of five roe deer, capreolus capreolus, kept in captivity and fed a diet of grass pellets and oats. by means of the non-absorbed marker-slaughter technique (using 51credta as marker), sites of secretion and absorption of minerals in the alimentary tract were determined. large amounts of p, na and k were secreted into the rumen, whereas cl was secreted into the abomasum. the larger ...19957712067
severe infestation of imported roe deer (capreolus capreolus coxi) by hypoderma diana (diptera: hypodermatidae). 19947760487
[on the genus nematodirus ransom 1907 (nematoda: trichostrongyloidea)].n. roscidus railliet, 1911, from dama dama (italy); n. abnormalis may, 1920, from ovis aries, capra hircus and rupicapra rupicapra (france, italy, australia); n. lanceolatus ault, 1944, from ovis aries (iran); n. europaeus jansen, 1972, from capreolus caperolus and ovis musimon (first record) (france); n. davtiani alpinus biocca, balbo & costantini, 1974, from rupicapra rupicapra (italy); n. rupicaprae biocca, balbo & costantini, 1983, from rupicapra rupicapra (france); n. ibicis biocca, balbo & ...19836673643
trypanosomes in cervidae in germany.trypanosoma cervi kingston et morton, 1975 was demonstrated in 2 fallow deer (dama dama) in 1976, and in 10 roe deer (capreolus capreolus) and one red deer (cervus elaphus) in spring 1983. the infected deer originated from the vicinity of hannover, germany.19846730781
[the occurrence of coccidia in roe deer (capreolus capreolus l.) in czechoslovakia]. 19806773209
lh, fsh and progesterone concentrations in peripheral plasma of the female roe deer (capreolus capreolus) during the rutting season.progesterone lh and fsh were measured in the plasma of 4 female roe deer (2 kept with the buck, 2 separated from the buck to prevent mating) from july until the end of september or october, i.e. including the rutting season from the middle of july to the middle of august. at least two distinct peaks of lh and fsh were observed before the first small progesterone increase lasting for about 5 days in late july. the next clear lh peak and, slight individual variations, fsh peak occurred exactly whe ...19806776274
[variations in the plasma concentration of prolactin, lh and fsh and in testicular activity during the first year of life in the roe deer (capreolus capreolus l.)].plasma prolactin, lh, fsh, testosterone patterns, and spermatogenic activity were determined during the first year of life in roe deer. a high gonadotrophic activity was observed a few months after birth, in autumn, along with an increase of testis volume and spermatogenic activity. some spermatozoa could be seen in seminiferous tubules in december. a second increase of pituitary gonadotrophic activity appears in early spring when testicular volumes comparable to the adult are achieved. the firs ...19836418612
suspected gangrenous ergotism in a wild roe deer (capreolus capreolus). 19957502474
the rhythmic relation between antler and bone porosity in danish deer.the interrelationship between porosity of antlers and metacarpal bones and annual physiologic osteopenia has been investigated in mature danish male roe deer (capreolus capreolus). the study shows a highly significant inverse correlation between porosity in the antlers and porosity in the metacarpal bones, indicating a necessary calcium mobilization from the bones for the mineralization of the antlers. the investigation further suggests that the decreasing porosity of the antlers throughout the ...19873580215
roe deer as sentinels for endemicity of tick-borne encephalitis virus.the suitability of serological surveys of roe deer (capreolus capreolus) in determining the spread of tick-borne encephalitis virus (tbev) was tested in a south german area with a low risk of tbev infection to humans. sera obtained from 192 hunted roe were screened by an haemagglutination-inhibition test (hai) and in an elisa developed in our laboratory. those found positive were tested in a neutralization test (nt). fifty (26.0%) sera reacted positive by elisa and 43 (86.0%) of these were confi ...19957589274
prevalence of antibodies to borrelia burgdorferi in danish deer.to estimate the prevalence of antibodies to borrelia burgdorferi in the most common species of danish deer, blood samples were collected from roe deer (capreolus capreolus), fallow deer (dama dama), and red deer (cervus elaphus). a total of 156 blood samples were collected primarily from hunts in three areas of denmark from november 1990 to december 1991. presence of deer igg antibodies to the borrelia burgdorferi strain dk ecm 1 were shown by an indirect immunofluorescence assay at serum titre ...19948011306
detection of four species of borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato in ixodes ricinus ticks collected from roe deer (capreolus capreolus) in the netherlands.roe deer (capreolus capreolus) were investigated for their value as sentinel animals for lyme borreliosis in the netherlands. serum was obtained from 114 roe deer, and 513 ixodes ricinus, predominantly females (72%), were obtained from 47 animals (41%). the polymerase chain reaction was used to detect dna of borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato in a total of 190 ticks, comprising 106 engorged ticks and 84 non-engorged ticks. borrelia dna was detected in 24 engorged ticks (23%) and 26 non-engorged tic ...19968972683
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