PMID(sorted descending)
human odour coding in the yellow fever mosquito, aedes aegypti.insects use their olfactory systems to obtain chemical information on mating partners, oviposition sites and food. the yellow fever mosquito aedes aegypti, an important vector of human infectious diseases, shows strong preference for human blood meals. this study investigated the chemical basis of host detection by characterizing the neuronal responses of antennal olfactory sensilla of female ae. aegypti to 103 compounds from human skin emanations. the effect of blood feeding on the responses of ...201931527631
use of maldi-tof ms to identify the culturable midgut microbiota of laboratory and wild mosquitoes.mosquitoes are responsible for transmitting many pathogens to humans and aedes aegypti, aedes albopictus and culex quinquefasciatus are important vectors in the world. the microbiota plays an important role in developmental studies that involve impacts on the biological cycle of mosquitoes and vector control strategies. in this study, the aim was to understand the environment plays in the microbiota culturable diversity of aedes aegytpi, aedes albopictus and culex quinquefasciatus. midgut of stu ...201931525322
toxic effect of essential oil and its compounds isolated from sphaeranthus amaranthoides burm. f. against dengue mosquito vector aedes aegypti linn.aedes aegypti is a major mosquito vector that can transfer many deadly diseases such as dengue, chikungunya, zika, and yellow fever viruses. due to the developing resistance among the vector populations by the application of chemical insecticides, alternative eco-friendly vector management strategies are being focused. in this aspect, the present study was carried out to evaluate the mosquitocidal potentials of essential oil of sphaeranthus amaranthoides (eo-sa). eo-sa was found to be effective ...201931519251
cyp-mediated resistance and cross-resistance to pyrethroids and organophosphates in aedes aegypti in the presence and absence of kdr.aedes aegypti thrives in urban environments and transmits several debilitating human viral diseases. thus, our ability to control this mosquito species in endemic areas is of utmost importance. the use of insecticides, mostly pyrethroids and organophosphates (ops), has long been the primary means of controlling a. aegypti, but widespread insecticide resistance has emerged. the two main mechanisms of pyrethroid resistance in a. aegypti are cyp-mediated detoxification and mutations in the target s ...201931519246
chemical composition of the essential oil and n-hexane extract of stachys tmolea subsp. tmolea boiss., an endemic species of turkey, and their mosquitocidal activity against dengue vector aesdes aegypti.stachys tmolea subsp. tmolea boiss. is endemic to turkey and is a species of the genus stachys l. which is one of the largest genera of the family lamiaceae with about 300 species. the aims of this study were to examine the chemical composition of the essential oil and n-hexane extract of s. tmolea subsp. tmolea as natural sources of insecticidal activity against the dengue vector, aedes aegypti. analysis of the essential oil by gc-fid and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (gc-ms) systems ide ...201931516330
temporal pattern of mutations in the knockdown resistance (kdr) gene of aedes aegypti mosquitoes sampled from southern taiwan.aedes mosquitoes are the principal dengue vector in taiwan, where the use of insecticides is a key element in the national control strategy. however, control efforts are constrained by the development of resistance to most insecticides, including pyrethroids. in this study, mutations in the voltage-gated sodium channel (vgsc) gene resulting in knockdown resistance (kdr) were examined in aedes aegypti. fragments of the vgsc gene were polymerase chain reaction (pcr)-amplified followed by restricti ...201931516108
transgenic aedes aegypti mosquitoes transfer genes into a natural an attempt to control the mosquito-borne diseases yellow fever, dengue, chikungunya, and zika fevers, a strain of transgenically modified aedes aegypti mosquitoes containing a dominant lethal gene has been developed by a commercial company, oxitec ltd. if lethality is complete, releasing this strain should only reduce population size and not affect the genetics of the target populations. approximately 450 thousand males of this strain were released each week for 27 months in jacobina, bahia, ...201931506595
distribution and frequency of the kdr mutation v410l in natural populations of aedes aegypti (l.) (diptera: culicidae) from eastern and southern mexico.aedes aegypti (l.) is the primary vector of the viruses that cause dengue, zika, and chikungunya, for which effective vaccines and drugs are still lacking. current strategies for suppressing arbovirus outbreaks based on insecticide use pose a challenge because of the rapid increase in resistance. the widespread and excessive use of pyrethroid-based insecticides has created a large selection pressure for a kdr-type resistance, caused by mutations in the para gene of the voltage-gated sodium chann ...202031504686
differences in the transmission of dengue fever by different serotypes of dengue virus.dengue fever is the most common arbovirus in the world, and all four serotypes are infectious and pathogenic, but dengue virus (denv)-1 and denv-2 are the most prevalent in guangdong province. to investigate the differences in serotypes, we evaluated the replication, pathogenicity, and ns1 expression of denv-2 and denv-3 in cells, and further investigated the effects of ns1 on viral replication and transmission. the results of this study indicated that denv-2 replicated faster and was more patho ...201931503521
identification of critical factors that significantly affect the dose-response in mosquitoes irradiated as pupae.the sterile insect technique (sit) for use against mosquitoes consists of several steps including the production of the target species in large numbers, the separation of males and females, the sterilization of the males, and the packing, transport and release of the sterile males at the target site. the sterility of the males is the basis of the technique; for this, efficient and standardized irradiation methods are needed to ensure that the required level of sterility is reliably and reproduci ...201931500662
bioengineering of piper longum l. extract mediated silver nanoparticles and their potential biomedical applications.the present investigation highlights the strong antioxidant, anticancer and larvicidal potential of green synthesized silver nanoparticles (agnps) using aqueous leaf extract of piper longum l. for their diverse therapeutic applications. the optimum conditions for the synthesis of agnps were recorded as 1 mm agno3, 60 ± 2 °c at ph 6 for 120 min. synthesized agnps proved to be highly stable and monodispersed as characterized through various techniques. uv-vis spectrum of biosynthesized agnps showe ...201931500006
implication of sexual transmission of zika on dengue and zika outbreaks.dengue and zika viruses belong to the same flavivirus family and usually cocirculate within the same area. both the viruses can be transmitted by a common mosquito species aedes aegypti. however, non-vector-borne transmission of zika virus, such as sexual transmission and vertical transmission, has been reported in recent studies. in this study, we develop a dengue-zika coinfection model with a particular focus on the impact of zika sexual transmission to the transmission dynamics of both dengue ...201931499705
differential susceptibility & replication potential of vero e6, bhk-21, rd, a-549, c6/36 cells & aedes aegypti mosquitoes to three strains of chikungunya virus.chikungunya virus (chikv), a mosquito-borne arthritogenic virus causes infections ranging from febrile illness to debilitating polyarthralgia in humans. re-emergence of the virus has affected millions of people in africa and asia since 2004. during the outbreak, a new lineage of the virus has evolved as an adaptation for enhanced replication and transmission by aedes albopictus mosquito. a study was designed to compare the susceptibility of four vertebrate cell lines, namely vero e6 (african gre ...201931496530
morphological study of aedes aegypti and aedes albopictus (diptera: culicidae) eggs by x-ray computed microtomography.aedes aegypti and aedes albopictus are vectors of several arboviruses responsible for causing dengue, chikungunya, zika, and yellow fever viruses and microcephaly, resulting in a public health problem in several countries worldwide. even in this scenario, studies on the morphology of mosquito eggs are still lacking. in this paper, x-ray microtomography was used to study mosquito egg morphology. several parameters such as length, surface area, volume, area-by-volume ratio, eccentricity and center ...201931494346
differential response to plant- and human-derived odorants in field surveillance of the dengue vector, aedes aegypti.linalool oxide (lo) and hexanoic acid (ha) represent plant- and human-derived odorants, respectively, previously found as attractants for the dengue vector aedes aegypti. here, we investigated if a blend of both compounds can improve captures of this mosquito species in field trials in two dengue endemic sites, kilifi and busia counties in kenya. ae. aegypti captures were significantly higher in kilifi than busia (χ21,142 = 170.63, p < 0.0001) and varied by treatments (χ25,137 = 151.19, p = 0.00 ...201931494122
genetic stability of live-attenuated zika vaccine candidates.zika virus (zikv) has drawn global attention as the etiologic agent of zika congenital syndrome in babies born to infected pregnant women. to prevent future zikv outbreaks and protect persons at risk for severe disease, we developed two live-attenuated vaccine (lav) candidates containing 10- or 20-nucleotide deletions in the 3'utr of the viral genome (δ10 and δ20). after a single-dose immunization, both δ10 and δ20 lavs protected mice and non-human primates against zikv infection. here, we chara ...201931493417
subgenomic flavivirus rna binds the mosquito dead/h-box helicase me31b and determines zika virus transmission by aedes aegypti.zika virus (zikv) is an arthropod-borne flavivirus predominantly transmitted by aedes aegypti mosquitoes and poses a global human health threat. all flaviviruses, including those that exclusively replicate in mosquitoes, produce a highly abundant, noncoding subgenomic flavivirus rna (sfrna) in infected cells, which implies an important function of sfrna during mosquito infection. currently, the role of sfrna in flavivirus transmission by mosquitoes is not well understood. here, we demonstrate th ...201931488709
applying fuzzy logic to assess the biogeographical risk of dengue in south america.over the last decade, reports about dengue cases have increase worldwide, which is particularly worrisome in south america due to the historic record of dengue outbreaks from the seventeenth century until the first half of the twentieth century. dengue is a viral disease that involves insect vectors, namely aedes aegypti and ae. albopictus, which implies that, to prevent and combat outbreaks, it is necessary to understand the set of ecological and biogeographical factors affecting both the vecto ...201931488198
waterproof, low-cost, long-battery-life sound trap for surveillance of male aedes aegypti for rear-and-release mosquito control programmes.sterile male rear-and-release programmes are of growing interest for controlling aedes aegypti, including use an "incompatible insect technique" (iit) to suppress transmission of dengue, zika, and other viruses. under iit, males infected with wolbachia are released into the suppression area to induce cytoplasmic incompatibility in uninfected populations. these and similar mosquito-release programmes require cost-effective field surveys of both sexes to optimize the locations, timing, and quantit ...201931488182
a graph-based approach for finding the dengue infection pathways in humans using protein-protein interactions.dengue virus (denv) is one of the deadly arboviruses, which is primarily transmitted by aedes aegypti, and causes dengue infection to the humans. according to who, every year around 390 million humans are affected by denv, of which around 50 million deaths are reported. knowledge of the various diseases caused by the denv would greatly encourage to understand the infection mechanism and help to design new antiviral drug discovery. we propose a quasi-clique and quasi-biclique algorithm to classif ...201931486690
vertical transmission of dengue virus in aedes aegypti and its role in the epidemiological persistence of dengue in central and southern mexico.aedes aegypti and aedes albopictus are the main mosquito species responsible for dengue virus (denv) transmission to humans in the tropical and subtropical regions of the world. the role of vertical transmission in the epidemiology of dengue and the maintenance of this arbovirus in nature during interepidemic periods remain poorly understood, and denv vertical transmission could sustain the existence of virus reservoirs within aedes populations.201931483936
engineered action at a distance: blood-meal-inducible paralysis in aedes aegypti.population suppression through mass-release of aedes aegypti males carrying dominant-lethal transgenes has been demonstrated in the field. where population dynamics show negative density-dependence, suppression can be enhanced if lethality occurs after the density-dependent (i.e. larval) stage. existing molecular tools have limited current examples of such genetic pest management (gpm) systems to achieving this through engineering 'cell-autonomous effectors' i.e. where the expressed deleterious ...201931479450
travelling arboviruses: a historical perspective.chikungunya, dengue, yellow fever and zika viruses share many attributes. all are complex and widespread zoonoses of subhuman primates that have made successful transitions to the urban aedes aegypti transmission cycle. more important, they have an established record of travelling, having moved from their place of origin hundreds of years ago, sometimes repeatedly. understanding their epidemiology requires a knowledge of past behaviors including unexplained restraints to their travel. this is a ...201931472285
identification of human skin bacteria attractive to the asian tiger mosquito.aedes albopictus is a vector of arboviruses and filarial nematodes. originating from asia, this mosquito has rapidly expanded its geographical distribution and colonized areas across both temperate and tropical regions. due to the increase in insecticide resistance, the use of environmentally friendly vector control methods is encouraged worldwide. using methods based on semiochemicals in baited traps are promising for management of mosquito populations. interestingly, human skin microbiota was ...201931464044
quantifying the efficacy of genetic shifting in control of mosquito-borne diseases.many of the world's most prevalent diseases are transmitted by animal vectors such as dengue transmitted by mosquitoes. to reduce these vector-borne diseases, a promising approach is "genetic shifting": selective breeding of the vectors to be more resistant to pathogens and releasing them to the target populations to reduce their ability to transmit pathogens, that is, lower their vector competence. the efficacy of genetic shifting will depend on possible counterforces such as natural selection ...201931462914
stable distinct core eukaryotic viromes in different mosquito species from guadeloupe, using single mosquito viral metagenomics.mosquitoes are the most important invertebrate viral vectors in humans and harbor a high diversity of understudied viruses, which has been shown in many mosquito virome studies in recent years. these studies generally performed metagenomics sequencing on pools of mosquitoes, without assessment of the viral diversity in individual mosquitoes. to address this issue, we applied our optimized viral metagenomics protocol (netovir) to compare the virome of single and pooled aedes aegypti and culex qui ...201931462331
climate drives spatial variation in zika epidemics in latin america.between 2015 and 2017, zika virus spread rapidly through populations in the americas with no prior exposure to the disease. although climate is a known determinant of many aedes-transmitted diseases, it is currently unclear whether climate was a major driver of the zika epidemic and how climate might have differentially impacted outbreak intensity across locations within latin america. here, we estimated force of infection for zika over time and across provinces in latin america using a time-var ...201931455188
breteau index as a promising early warning signal for dengue fever outbreaks in the colombo district, sri lanka.despite the efforts in reducing vector densities, outbreaks of dengue fever have become a frequent event in sri lanka. as explained by dengue transmission dynamics, vector control activities intensified at peak or near peak outbreak situations would not be successful in controlling the outbreaks. a reliable method of outbreak prediction is always warranted for early preparedness. relationships between the monthly breteau indices of the two vector species (aedes aegypti l. and ae. albopictus skus ...201931454507
investigating the impact of chilling temperature on male aedes aegypti and aedes albopictus genetic control programmes, including the sterile insect technique (sit), it is crucial to release insects of the highest quality with maximum survival. it is likely that male mosquitoes will follow the trend of other insects in sit programmes and be stored, transported and eventually released under chilled conditions. the aim of our study was to investigate the impact of different chilling temperatures on male aedes aegypti and ae. albopictus survival by exposing them to a range of temperatu ...201931454400
selection on aedes aegypti alters wolbachia-mediated dengue virus blocking and fitness.the dengue, zika and chikungunya viruses are transmitted by the mosquito aedes aegypti and pose a substantial threat to global public health. current vaccines and mosquito control strategies have limited efficacy, so novel interventions are needed1,2. wolbachia are bacteria that inhabit insect cells and have been found to reduce viral infection-a phenotype that is referred to as viral 'blocking'3. although not naturally found in a. aegypti4, wolbachia were stably introduced into this mosquito in ...201931451771
mosquito bite prevention through graphene barrier layers.graphene-based materials are being developed for a variety of wearable technologies to provide advanced functions that include sensing; temperature regulation; chemical, mechanical, or radiative protection; or energy storage. we hypothesized that graphene films may also offer an additional unanticipated function: mosquito bite protection for light, fiber-based fabrics. here, we investigate the fundamental interactions between graphene-based films and the globally important mosquito species, aede ...201931451645
host and viral mechanisms of congenital zika 2015-2016, in the americas, and especially in northeast brazil, a significant number of cases of microcephaly and other congenital brain abnormalities were linked with an outbreak of zika virus (zikv) infection in pregnant women. while maternal symptoms of zikv are generally mild and self-limiting, clinical presentation in fetuses and newborns infected is extensive and includes microcephaly, decreased cortical development, atrophy and hypoplasia of the cerebellum and cerebellar vermis, arthro ...201931451049
life history traits and predatory performance of belostoma anurum (hemiptera: belostomatidae), a biological control agent of disease vector mosquitoes.understanding the life cycle and dietary requirements of laboratory-reared insects is critical for optimizing resources (including time) and can provide more reliable ecological basis for using such biological control agents in realistic programs. here, we evaluated the complete development and the predatory abilities of belostoma anurum (herrich-schäffer, 1848) (hemiptera: belostomatidae), an aquatic predator widely distributed in neotropical region, when reared at different diets. we firstly i ...201931446550
exposure of mosquito (aedes aegypti) larvae to the water extract and lectin-rich fraction of moringa oleifera seeds impairs their development and future fecundity.aedes aegypti control is a key component of the prophylaxis of dengue fever and other diseases. moringa oleifera seeds contain a water-soluble lectin (wsmol) with larvicidal and ovicidal activities against this insect. in this study, a. aegypti individuals were exposed at the third larval instar for 24 h to the water extract (0.1-1.0 mg/ml of protein) or lectin-rich fraction (0.05-0.6 mg/ml of protein) containing wsmol, and then their survival and development were followed for 9 days post-exposu ...201931446169
mitochondrial glycerol phosphate oxidation is modulated by adenylates through allosteric regulation of cytochrome c oxidase activity in mosquito flight muscle.the huge energy demand posed by insect flight activity is met by an efficient oxidative phosphorylation process that takes place within flight muscle mitochondria. in the major arbovirus vector aedes aegypti, mitochondrial oxidation of pyruvate, proline and glycerol 3-phosphate (g3p) represent the major energy sources of atp to sustain flight muscle energy demand. although adenylates exert critical regulatory effects on several mitochondrial enzyme activities, the potential consequences of alter ...201931446033
deet and other repellents are inhibitors of mosquito odorant receptors for oviposition addition to its primary function as an insect repellent, deet has many "off-label" properties, including a deterrent effect on the attraction of gravid female mosquitoes. deet negatively affects oviposition sites. while deorphanizing odorant receptors (ors) using the xenopus oocyte recording system, we have previously observed that deet generated outward (inhibitory) currents on ors sensitive to oviposition attractants. here, we systematically investigated these inhibitory currents. we record ...201931446031
increased akt signaling in the fat body of anopheles stephensi extends lifespan and increases lifetime fecundity through modulation of insulin-like peptides.insulin-like peptides (ilps) and the insulin/insulin-like growth factor 1 signaling (iis) cascade regulate numerous physiological functions, including lifespan, reproduction, immunity, and metabolism, in diverse eukaryotes. we previously demonstrated that in female anopheles stephensi and aedes aegypti mosquitoes, activation of the iis cascade in the fat body led to a significant increase in lifespan. in this work, we elucidated two putative mechanisms in a. stephensi behind the observed lifespa ...201931445957
heterologous production and functional characterization of ageritin, a novel type of ribotoxin highly expressed during fruiting of the edible mushroom agrocybe aegerita.fungi produce various defense proteins against antagonists, including ribotoxins. these toxins cleave a single phosphodiester bond within the universally conserved sarcin-ricin loop of ribosomes and inhibit protein biosynthesis. here, we report on the structure and function of ageritin, a previously reported ribotoxin from the edible mushroom agrocybe aegerita the amino acid sequence of ageritin was derived from cdna isolated from the dikaryon a. aegerita aae-3 and lacks, according to in silico ...201931444206
investigation of relative development and reproductivity fitness cost in three insecticide-resistant strains of aedes aegypti from thailand.knockdown resistance (kdr) and detoxification enzymes are major resistance mechanisms in insecticide-resistant aedes aegypti throughout the world. persistence of the resistance phenotype is associated with high fitness of resistance alleles in the absence of insecticide pressure. this study determined the relative fitness cost of three insecticide-resistant strains of aedes aegypti-pmd, pmd-r, and upk-r-and a hybrid under similar laboratory conditions in the absence of insecticide. the pmd strai ...201931443487
odorant receptors from culex quinquefasciatus and aedes aegypti sensitive to floral compounds.mosquitoes rely heavily on the olfactory system to find a host for a bloodmeal, plants for a source of energy and suitable sites for oviposition. here, we examined a cluster of eight odorant receptors (ors), which includes one or, cquior1, previously identified to be sensitive to plant-derived compounds. we cloned 5 ors from culex quinquefasciatus and two ors from aedes aegypti, ie, cquior2, cquior4, cquior5, cquior84, cquior85, aaegor14, and aaegor15 and then deorphanized these receptors using ...201931442487
first report on the transmission of zika virus by aedes (stegomyia) aegypti (l.) (diptera: culicidae) during the 2018 zika outbreak in a recent outbreak of zika virus (zikv) infection in jaipur city (rajasthan, india), a total of 159 cases were reported in september 2018. in order to identify vector responsible for zika transmission, mosquitoes were collected from houses with reported zika cases and nearby houses. a total of 108 pools containing 522 mosquitoes were tested for presence of zikv using rt-pcr and real time rt-pcr. we detected presence of zikv in three pools of aedes (stegomyia) aegypti (l.), out of a total of 79 ...201931442386
new county records of aedes aegypti and aedes epactius in august and september 2017, we conducted mosquito surveillance in southeastern colorado by using ovitraps and larval sampling. the aim was to determine if there were established populations of aedes aegypti and ae. albopictus in the region. a single female ae. aegypti was reared from eggs collected in la junta, co, but ae. albopictus was not detected. three other species were reared from eggs and/or larvae: ae. epactius, culex restuans, and cx. pipiens. aedes aegypti and ae. epactius were dete ...201931442179
influence of location and distance of biogents sentinel™ traps from human-occupied experimental huts on aedes aegypti recapture and entry into huts.a mark-release-recapture study was conducted to refine the "push-pull" strategy for controlling the dengue, chikungunya, and zika virus vector aedes aegypti in a peridomestic environment by determining optimal locations and distances from human-occupied experimental huts for placement of the "pull" component (biogents sentinel™ [bgs] traps) to maximize the capture of mosquitoes. the bgs traps were placed at portals of entry (windows or doors) or corners of the experimental huts and at varying di ...201831442172
habitat characteristics for immature stages of aedes aegypti in zanzibar city, tanzania.aedesaegypti is the main vector for dengue, chikungunya, yellow fever, zika, and other arboviruses of public health importance. the presence of ae. aegypti has never been systematically assessed in zanzibar, including its preferred larval habitats. in 2016 we conducted a cross-sectional entomological survey to describe the preferred larval habitats of ae. aegypti in zanzibar city, the main urban area of the zanzibar archipelago. the surveys for container habitats were conducted for a 17-wk perio ...201831442169
rapid immobilization of adult aedes aegypti caused by plant essential oils at sublethal concentrations.many synthetic insecticides cause immobilization in insect pests after they are exposed. this immobilization or knockdown is an important feature of intoxication that contributes to the abatement of pest insect populations, while preventing vectors of disease from biting and spreading pathogenic organisms to susceptible individuals. we have previously demonstrated that certain plant essential oils rapidly immobilize adult female mosquitoes that have been exposed via topical application. to furth ...201831442168
entomological investigation of aedes aegypti in neighborhoods with confirmed human arbovirus infection in puerto rico.the exotic arboviruses chikungunya (chikv) and zika (zikv) recently caused large outbreaks and continue to circulate in puerto rico, prompting entomological investigations at 9 locations with confirmed chikv- or zikv-infected human cases. adult mosquitoes were collected using the centers for disease control and prevention autocidal gravid ovitraps over a 14-day period at each site. mean female aedes aegypti captured per trap-week ranged from 13.47 per trap-week to 1.27 per trap-week. arbovirus-p ...201831442166
report of chikungunya virus in wild populations of aedes aegypti in guerrero state, mexico.we detected vertical transmission of chikungunya virus (chikv) in wild populations of aedes aegypti from san marcos, guerrero, mexico, with real-time reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction. a total of 20 pools (1-11 specimens/pool) of larvae, male, and female mosquitoes were tested. we report the detection of chikv in 2 of 11 larval pools, 4 of 5 male pools, and 1 of 4 female pools, from field-collected mosquitoes.201831442150
a survey of the mosquito species in maxcanu, yucatan, mexico.a survey was carried out to identify the mosquitoes inhabiting human premises in the rural locality of maxcanú, yucatán, mexico. using the centers for disease control and prevention backpack aspirators, simple random sampling was carried out inside of 101 homes during the november 2013 rainy season. a total of 1,492 specimens were collected. three subfamilies (anophelinae, culicinae, and toxorhynchitinae) and 5 species were identified: anopheles albimanus, aedes aegypti, culex interrogator, lima ...201831442149
repellent activity of carrot seed essential oil and its pure compound, carotol, against our natural products screening program for mosquitoes, carrot seed essential oil showed high repellency. the gas chromatography (gc)/flame ionization detector and gc/mass spectrometry analysis of the essential oil revealed the presence of 47 compounds. carotol was more than 75% w/w, followed by muurolene (4.86%), (z)-β-farnesene (2.9%), and diepicedrene (1.1%). systematic bioassay-guided fractionation of the essential oil was performed to identify active repellent compounds. in both klun and ...201831442148
origin of aedes aegypti in clark county, nevada.aedesaegypti is the primary vector for serious diseases, including those caused by chikungunya, dengue, and zika viruses. in 2017, the southern nevada health district first detected this invasive species in clark county, nv, including in the city of las vegas. we analyzed ae. aegypti from the city of north las vegas to determine the likely source of the invasion. we genotyped a sample of ae. aegypti at 12 highly variable microsatellites and analyzed the data in reference to published data from 2 ...201831442147
resistance status of aedes aegypti to deltamethrin, malathion, and temephos in ecuador, the status of insecticide resistance for aedes aegypti, the principal arboviral vector in the country, has not been previously evaluated. the aim of this research was to describe the resistance status of ae. aegypti to the principal insecticides used for vector control in provinces with high reports of arboviral clinical cases. this was a descriptive study performed on ae. aegypti collected from 2016 to 2017 in 14 localities of ecuador. the larvae were reared and tested using bioassa ...201931442135
a survey for aedes aegypti in delaware and the virus-positive pool rates of aedes albopictus and aedes triseriatus for west nile and zika viruses.the introduction of zika virus to the usa in 2015 engendered heightened interest in its known vectors. aedes aegypti is the primary vector, with ae. albopictus considered a potential secondary vector, together with several other possible marginal vectors. in delaware, ae. aegypti has been collected rarely, but no breeding populations were detected during past intensive statewide surveillance efforts. however, there is an abundance of ae. albopictus statewide. both species are container breeders ...201931442131
field efficacy trials of aerial ultra-low-volume application of insecticides against caged aedes aegypti in mexico.we evaluated the efficacy of aerial ultra-low-volume (ulv) insecticide spraying in field bioassays with caged aedes aegypti in may 2017 in puerto vallarta, jalisco, mexico. the insecticides tested included an organophosphate (mosquitocida uno ulv) and a neonicotinoid-pyrethroid combination (cielo). two ae. aegypti populations were evaluated: a field pyrethroid-resistant local strain (puerto vallarta) and an insecticide-susceptible laboratory strain (new orleans). knockdown after 1 h by both prod ...201931442128
evaluation and comparison of spray equipment for indoor residual spraying.the world health organization (who) has recently recommended indoor residual spraying (irs) as part of a vector control strategy to combat aedes-borne diseases, including dengue, chikungunya, and zika viruses. hand compression sprayers have been used in malaria prevention and control programs worldwide since the 1950s and are a standard for irs application. however, there are technological advances that should be considered to improve irs application (e.g., flow-control valves, rechargeable-batt ...201931442127
semi-field evaluation of modified 00zzzero® traps with sticky paper to increase the collection efficacy of gravid aedes aegypti.the 00zzzero® trap (0z) is a small black plastic container with permethrin and pyriproxyfen, designed and marketed to both attract and kill gravid aedes mosquitoes (unmodified trap ([umt] or modified trap [mt]). the 0z trap without the insecticide was modified with addition of a sticky paper, coated with an adhesive glue (mt) and evaluated for collection efficacy of released gravid mosquito, aedes aegypti (l.) in outdoor screened enclosures in st. augustine, in northeastern florida. the mean num ...201931442126
truck-mounted natular 2ec (spinosad) ulv residual treatment in a simulated urban environment to control aedes aegypti and aedes albopictus in north florida.preemptive treatment of dry habitats with an ultra-low volume (ulv) residual larvicide may be effective in an integrated vector management program to control populations of container-inhabiting aedes mosquitoes, key vectors of zika, dengue, and chikungunya viruses. we exposed dry, artificial containers placed in exposed and protected locations to natular 2ec (spinosad) larvicide applied with a truck-mounted ulv sprayer in a simulated urban setting in north florida, and later introduced water and ...201831442121
ultra-low volume application of spinosad (natular 2ec) larvicide as a residual in a tropical environment against aedes and anopheles species.we investigated the efficacy of a liquid larvicide, natular 2ec® (spinosad), applied with ultra-low volume sprayer as a residual application during the dry season in southeastern thailand against 4 medically important species-aedes aegypti, ae. albopictus, anopheles dirus, and an. minimus. we found that this larvicide could be applied as a residual to dry areas known to collect water and potentially still be effective after rains or irrigation, which could increase the flexibility and efficiency ...201831442120
effect of travel speed on dispersion of aqualuer 20-20 sprayed by a truck-mounted ultra-low-volume sprayer against caged aedes aegypti1.the effect of travel speed of a truck-mounted ultra-low-volume (ulv) sprayer on its application efficacy was studied at st. johns county fairground, elkton, fl, during summer 2015. the efficacy was assessed by spray deposition, droplet size spectrum, and 24-h mortality of caged adult aedes aegypti, using 2 rows of sampling locations, 15 m apart and spread up to 122 m from the spray. each location had a bioassay cage and an impinger droplet sampler, 1 m apart from each other, at 1.5 m off the gro ...201831442115
application efficacy of vectobac wdg against larval aedes aegypti using thermal fog technology.the effectiveness of thermal fog application of bacillus thuringiensis israelensis (vectobac® wdg) against larval aedes aegypti was evaluated in open and forest canopied environments in northeastern florida, using a handheld igeba® tf34 thermal fogger (with water conversion kit). the product was applied at the maximum label rate of 1 kg/ha to linear transects, in each environment, containing empty 0.5-liter cups. after application, late-2nd to early-3rd instars of ae. aegypti were added to each ...201831442110
ultra-low volume application of spinosad (natular 2ec) as a residual in a hot-arid environment against aedes aegypti.the invasive aedes aegypti is an important disease vector increasing in frequency in hot-arid regions of the usa such as the southwest. within hot-arid surroundings this mosquito may be confined to peridomestic locations that tend to be cooler and humid, such as in lush, irrigated ornamental vegetation surrounding homes. however, to reach these habitat refugia, ultra-low volume (ulv) applications of insecticides targeting this mosquito must retain efficacy after being sprayed from the air or str ...201831442108
influence of sex ratio and density on the comparative repellency of ir3535® against caged aedes, anopheles, and culex mosquitoes.studies on topical repellent efficacy conducted with caged mosquitoes in the laboratory are important to both the development and regulation of insect repellents. guidelines for laboratory studies stipulate specific densities, sex ratios, and biting rates, whereas those for field studies are governmentally required before a promising repellent can be registered for human use. these protocols stipulate minimum biting rates alone. relatively little is known, however, about the influence of mosquit ...201931441773
dynamics and diversity of bacteria associated with the disease vectors aedes aegypti and aedes albopictus.aedes aegypti and aedes albopictus develop in the same aquatic sites where they encounter microorganisms that influence their life history and capacity to transmit human arboviruses. some bacteria such as wolbachia are currently being considered for the control of dengue, chikungunya and zika. yet little is known about the dynamics and diversity of aedes-associated bacteria, including larval habitat features that shape their tempo-spatial distribution. we applied large-scale 16s rrna amplicon se ...201931434963
systematic identification and characterization of aedes aegypti long noncoding rnas (lncrnas).long noncoding rnas (lncrnas) play diverse roles in biological processes. aedes aegypti (ae. aegypti), a blood-sucking mosquito, is the principal vector responsible for replication and transmission of arboviruses including dengue, zika, and chikungunya virus. systematic identification and developmental characterisation of ae. aegypti lncrnas are still limited. we performed genome-wide identification of lncrnas, followed by developmental profiling of lncrna in ae. aegypti. we identified a total o ...201931434910
copper(ii)-binding induces a unique polyproline type ii helical structure within the ion-binding segment in the intrinsically disordered f-domain of ecdysteroid receptor from aedes aegypti.reproduction of the dominant vector of zika and dengue diseases, aedes aegypti mosquito, is controlled by an active heterodimer complex composed of the 20-hydroxyecdysone receptor (ecr) and ultraspiracle protein. although a. aegypti ecr shares the structural and functional organization with other nuclear receptors, its c-terminus has an additional long f domain (aafecr). recently, we showed that the full length aafecr is intrinsically disordered with the ability to specifically bind divalent met ...201931433630
identification of anti-flaviviral drugs with mosquitocidal and anti-zika virus activity in aedes aegypti.zika virus (zikv), an emerging arbovirus belonging to the genus flavivirus, is transmitted by aedes mosquitoes. zikv infection can cause microcephaly of newborn babies and guillain-barré syndrome in adults. because no licensed vaccine or specific antiviral treatment is available for zikv infection, the most commonly used approach to control the spread of zikv is suppression of the mosquito vector population. a novel proposed strategy to block arthropod virus (arbovirus) transmission is based on ...201931430351
detecting wmel wolbachia in field-collected aedes aegypti mosquitoes using loop-mediated isothermal amplification (lamp).the world mosquito program uses wolbachia pipientis for the biocontrol of arboviruses transmitted by aedes aegypti mosquitoes. diagnostic testing for wolbachia in laboratory colonies and in field-caught mosquito populations has typically employed pcr. new, simpler methods to diagnose wolbachia infection in mosquitoes are required for large-scale operational use.201931416478
the major oligosaccharyl transferase complex genes are not involved in dengue virus replication in aedes aegypti mosquitoes.replication of the dengue virus (denv) genome occurs in a vesicle in the endoplasmic reticulum by a complex of host and viral proteins. two host proteins, stt3a and stt3b, as members of the oligosaccharyl transferase complex, have been implicated in playing structural roles in the vesicle in mammalian cells, and the absence of these proteins has been shown to decrease denv replication. aedes aegypti is the main vector of the virus and has been used previously as a model organism to study mosquit ...201931414286
a survey of the mosquitoes of kosrae state, federated states of micronesia, response to an outbreak of zika virus that started in february 2016 on kosrae island, kosrae state, federated states of micronesia, we conducted entomological investigations, including a survey to characterize the mosquito fauna on kosrae, from november 29 to december 8, 2016. mosquitoes were collected using several surveillance methods in order to sample all stages of the mosquito life cycle. eggs were collected using ovicups, larvae and pupae were sampled using standard dippers, and adults ...201831414080
antibiotic resistant bacteria and commensal fungi are common and conserved in the mosquito microbiome.the emerging and increasing prevalence of bacterial antibiotic resistance is a significant public health challenge. to begin to tackle this problem, it will be critical to not only understand the origins of this resistance but also document environmental reservoirs of antibiotic resistance. in this study we investigated the possibility that both colony and field caught mosquitoes could harbor antibiotic resistant bacteria. specifically, we characterized the antibiotic resistant bacterial populat ...201931412044
midgut barriers prevent the replication and dissemination of the yellow fever vaccine in aedes be transmitted to vertebrate hosts via the saliva of their vectors, arthropod-borne viruses have to cross several barriers in the mosquito body, including the midgut infection and escape barriers. yellow fever virus (yfv) belongs to the genus flavivirus, which includes human viruses transmitted by aedes mosquitoes, such as dengue and zika viruses. the live-attenuated yfv-17d vaccine has been used safely and efficiently on a large scale since the end of world war ii. early studies have shown, ...201931412040
nature of complex network of dengue epidemic as a scale-free network.dengue epidemic is a dynamic and complex phenomenon that has gained considerable attention due to its injurious effects. the focus of this study is to statically analyze the nature of the dengue epidemic network in terms of whether it follows the features of a scale-free network or a random network.201931406610
mapping aedes aegypti (diptera: culicidae) and aedes albopictus vector mosquito distribution in brownsville, tx.aedes mosquitoes are vectors of several emerging diseases and are spreading worldwide. we investigated the spatiotemporal dynamics of aedes aegypti (linnaeus) and aedes albopictus (skuse) mosquito trap captures in brownsville, tx, using high-resolution land cover, socioeconomic, and meteorological data. we modeled mosquito trap counts using a bayesian hierarchical mixed-effects model with spatially correlated residuals. the models indicated an inverse relationship between temperature and mosquit ...202031400202
utilization of electrocoagulation for the isolation of alkaloids from the aerial parts of stemona aphylla and their mosquitocidal activities against aedes aegypti.the electrocoagulation (ec) technique is an alternative method of isolating natural products with the advantage of minimizing the amounts of organic solvents required for this process, which are often harmful to the environment. in this research, the ec and the conventional solvent extraction methods were used in the isolation of stemona alkaloids from the aerial parts of stemona aphylla. a comparison was made between the amounts of the isolated alkaloids and the solvents used. the isolated alka ...201931398781
prolonged mosquitocidal activity of siparuna guianensis essential oil encapsulated in chitosan nanoparticles.the use of synthetic insecticides is one of the most common strategies for controlling disease vectors such as mosquitos. however, their overuse can result in serious risks to human health, to the environment, as well as to the selection of insecticidal resistant insect strains. the development of efficient and eco-friendly insect control is urgent, and essential oils have been presented as potential alternatives to synthetic insecticides. moreover, nanoencapsulation techniques can enhance their ...201931398198
forecasting dengue fever in brazil: an assessment of climate conditions.local climate conditions play a major role in the biology of the aedes aegypti mosquito, the main vector responsible for transmitting dengue, zika, chikungunya and yellow fever in urban centers. for this reason, a detailed assessment of periods in which changes in climate conditions affect the number of human cases may improve the timing of vector-control efforts. in this work, we develop new machine-learning algorithms to analyze climate time series and their connection to the occurrence of den ...201931393908
[clinical and epidemiological profile of chikungunya infection in hospital patients in 2015 in mérida, mexicoperfil clínico-epidemiológico da infecção por chikungunya em casos hospitalares atendidos em 2015 em mérida, méxico].describe the epidemiological profile and analyze clinical manifestations by age group in chikungunya patients treated in 2015 in a mérida, mexico general hospital.201731391823
efficacy of spinosad granules and lambda-cyhalothrin contrasts with reduced performance of temephos for control of aedes spp. in vehicle tires in veracruz, mexico.the present study examined the efficacy of λ-cyhalothrin, pyriproxyfen and granular formulations of spinosad and temephos for the control of mosquito larvae present in experimental tires in veracruz state, mexico in the period 2015-2016. both λ-cyhalothrin and spinosad granules provided control of larvae and pupae of aedesaegypti, ae. albopictus and culex spp. in used tires in veracruz state, mexico, over a 9-12 week period, although numbers of culex were low. the numbers of aedes larvae + pupae ...201931390780
the social face of aedes control: women take the floor in a suburban district of fortaleza, brazil.aedes aegypti is currently a critical disease agent and is responsible for viruses such as zika, chikungunya and dengue's four serotypes. this mosquito's relevance to the current social body has come to the fore and triggered urgent ecohealth investigations since this approach aims to articulate different theoretical fields to understand the historical linkages between nature, society and health. based on an ethnographic premise, this study considered the unequal and unfair conditions that make ...201931389545
evaluation of bioactivity of aqueous extracts of bougainvillea spectabilis, saraca asoca, and chenopodium album against immature forms of aedes aegypti.increasing rate of vector transmission of dengue has led to the exponential rise in the mortality and morbidity scales in the past five years. there are various natural and synthetic chemical agents available commercially as potent larvicides, but they are either highly toxic, difficult to obtain, have a high manufacturing cost, or show cross-resistance, hence do not suffice as ideal larvicides. the objective was to screen aqueous extracts of bougainvillea spectabilis (b. spectabilis), saraca as ...201931388235
ovicidal lectins from moringa oleifera and myracrodruon urundeuva cause alterations in chorionic surface and penetrate the embryos of aedes aegypti eggs.lectins from moringa oleifera seeds (wsmol), myracrodruon urundeuva bark (mubl), and heartwood (muhl) are larvicidal agents against aedes aegypti; in addition, wsmol is an ovicidal agent against this mosquito. in this work, we evaluated the ovicidal activity of mubl and muhl by determining the concentrations that reduce the hatching rates by 50% in 72 h (ec50 ). the effects of wsmol, mubl, and muhl on the ultrastructure of the eggs' surface were assessed by scanning electron microscopy (sem). in ...201931386279
genetic characterization of chikungunya virus in field-caught aedes aegypti mosquitoes collected during the recent outbreaks in 2019, thailand.chikungunya virus (chikv) is a mosquito-borne virus belonging to the genus alphavirus. the virus is transmitted to humans by the bite of infected female aedes mosquitoes, primarily aedes aegypti. chikv infection is spreading worldwide, and it periodically sparks new outbreaks. there are no specific drugs or effective vaccines against chikv. the interruption of pathogen transmission by mosquito control provides the only effective approach to the control of chikv infection. many studies have shown ...201931382507
human urban arboviruses can infect wild animals and jump to sylvatic maintenance cycles in south america.the present study shows that the most prominent human arboviruses worldwide (dengue viruses 1, 2, 3, and 4, chikungunya virus, and zika virus) can infect wild animals and transfer from urban to sylvatic maintenance cycles in south america, as did the yellow fever virus (yfv) in the past. all these viruses are transmitted by the anthropophilic mosquito aedes aegypti and cause epidemics throughout brazil. the yfv is the oldest example of an urban arbovirus that became sylvatic in south america. cu ...201931380302
identification of a new type of haematopoietic progenitor kinase-interacting protein (hip-55) in aedes aegypti mosquito haemocytes and its involvement in immunity-like functions in mosquito: a molecular this study, we characterize the hip-55 protein in the mosquito aedes aegypti for the first time. hip-55 is a 55-kda hpk1-interacting protein that is also called sh3p7. hip-55 constitutively binds hpk1 'via' an hpk1 proline-rich motif 2(pr2) through its c-terminal sh3 domain. hip-55 critically interacts with zap-70, and this interaction was induced by tcr signalling. zap-70 phosphorylated hip-55 at tyr-334 and tyr-344 in vitro and in vivo. in our previous findings, aazap gene expression strong ...201931377908
clti, a kunitz trypsin inhibitor purified from cassia leiandra benth. seeds, exerts a candidicidal effect on candida albicans by inducing oxidative stress and necrosis.cassia leiandra is an amazonian plant species that is used popularly for the treatment of mycoses. recently, a protease inhibitor, named clti, with insecticidal activity against aedes aegypti, was purified from the mature seeds of c. leiandra. in this work, we show that clti has antifungal activity against candida species and describe its mode of action towards candida albicans. this study is relevant because the nosocomial infections caused by candida species are a global public health problem ...201931376361
aedes aegypti males as vehicles for insecticide delivery.aedes aegypti continues to spread globally and remains a challenge to control, in part due to its 'cryptic behavior' in that it often deposits eggs (oviposits) in larval habitats that are difficult to find and treat using traditional methods. auto-dissemination strategies target these cryptic breeding sites by employing mosquitoes to deliver lethal doses of insecticide. this report describes the initial field trials of an application known as autodissemination augmented by males (adam), utilizin ...201931374806
dengue cases in colombia: mathematical forecasts for 2018-2022.introduction dengue is a disease caused by any one of five virus serotypes and transmitted to humans by the aedes aegypti mosquito. climate change and health conditions have combined to make dengue a global public health problem. the situation is especially serious in colombia, where by week 36 of 2018, dengue incidence was 96 cases per 100,000 population, with a total of 111 deaths. different mathematical and statistical models have been proposed to understand the dynamics of transmission and c ...201931373583
precopulatory acoustic interactions of the new world malaria vector anopheles albimanus (diptera: culicidae).anopheles albimanus is a malaria vector in central america, northern south america and the caribbean. although a public health threat, an. albimanus precopulatory mating behaviors are unknown. acoustics play important roles in mosquito communication, where flight tones allow males to detect and attract potential mates. the importance of sound in precopulatory interactions has been demonstrated in toxorhynchites brevipalpis, aedes aegypti, culex quinquefasciatus and anopheles gambiae; convergence ...201931370863
experimental assessment of zika virus mechanical transmission by aedes aegypti.the pandemic emergence of several mosquito-borne viruses highlights the need to understand the different ways in which they can be transmitted by vectors to human hosts. in this study, we evaluated the propensity of aedes aegypti to transmit mechanically zika virus (zikv) using an experimental design. mosquitoes were allowed to feed on zikv-infected blood and were then rapidly transferred to feed on zikv-free blood until they finished their meal. the uninfected blood meals, the mosquito abdomens ...201931370135
infection and transmission of cache valley virus by aedes albopictus and aedes aegypti mosquitoes.cache valley virus (cvv; bunyavirales, peribunyaviridae) is a mosquito-borne arbovirus endemic in north america. although severe diseases are mainly observed in pregnant ruminants, cvv has also been recognized as a zoonotic pathogen that can cause fatal encephalitis in humans. human exposures to cvv and its related subtypes occur frequently under different ecological conditions in the new world; however, neurotropic disease is rarely reported. high prevalence rates of neutralizing antibodies hav ...201931366369
larvicidal activity of essential oil from vitex negundo and vitex trifolia on dengue vector mosquito aedes aegypti.the ability of vitex trifolia and vitex negundo essential oils to kill aedes aegypti and culex quinquefasciatus larvae was evaluated.201931365621
spatial diffusion of the 2015-2016 zika, dengue and chikungunya epidemics in rio de janeiro municipality, brazil.different countries, especially brazil, that have faced recurrent dengue epidemics for decades and chikungunya epidemics since 2014, have had to restructure their health services to combat a triple epidemic of arboviruses - zika, dengue and chikungunya - transmitted by the same vector, mainly aedes aegypti, in 2015-2016. several efforts have been made to better understand these three arboviruses. spatial analysis plays an important role in the knowledge of disease dynamics. the knowledge of the ...201931364556
no evidence of zika, dengue, or chikungunya virus infection in field-caught mosquitoes from the recife metropolitan region, brazil, 2015.background: the recife metropolitan region (rmr), north-eastern brazil, was the epicentre of the 2015 zika virus (zikv) epidemic, which was followed by a 2016 chikungunya virus (chikv) epidemic. it historically has amongst the highest incidence of dengue virus (denv) infections and is the only remaining focus of lymphatic filariasis (lf) in brazil. in early 2015, a molecular xenomonitoring surveillance project focused on culex (cx.) quinquefasciatus commenced to inform lf elimination activities. ...201931363498
the ecological and epidemiological consequences of reproductive interference between the vectors aedes aegypti and aedes albopictus.vector ecology is integral to understanding the transmission of vector-borne diseases, with processes such as reproduction and competition pivotal in determining vector presence and abundance. the arbovirus vectors aedes aegypti and aedes albopictus compete as larvae, but this mechanism is insufficient to explain patterns of coexistence and exclusion. inviable interspecies matings-known as reproductive interference-is another candidate mechanism. here, we analyse mathematical models of mosquito ...201931362626
the challenge of invasive mosquito vectors in the u.k. during 2016-2018: a summary of the surveillance and control of aedes albopictus.mosquito-borne diseases resulting from the expansion of two key vectors, aedes aegypti and aedes albopictus (diptera: culicidae), continue to challenge whole regions and continents around the globe. in recent years there have been human cases of disease associated with chikungunya, dengue and zika viruses. in europe, the expansion of ae. albopictus has resulted in local transmission of chikungunya and dengue viruses. this paper considers the risk that ae. aegypti and ae. albopictus represent for ...201931361038
comparative evaluation of an improved test method for bioefficacy of insecticidal fabrics against dengue and malaria vectors.insecticidal fabrics are important personal protective measures against mosquitoes, ticks and other disease vectors. in the absence of internationally accepted guidelines, bioefficacy tests have been carried out using continuous exposure and three minutes exposure bioassay methods. recently, we have reported an improved method for bioefficacy testing of insecticidal fabrics, which involves continuous exposure of mosquitoes to the test fabrics. the present paper reports the comparative evaluation ...201931358045
serological data shows low levels of chikungunya exposure in senegalese nomadic pastoralists.the chikungunya virus (chikv) is spread by aedes aegypti and ae. albopictus mosquitos worldwide; infection can lead to disease including joint pain, fever, and rash, with some convalescent persons experiencing chronic symptoms. historically, chikv transmission has occurred in africa and asia, but recent outbreaks have taken place in europe, indonesia, and the americas. from september to october 2014, a survey was undertaken with nomadic pastoralists residing in the northeast departments of seneg ...201931357631
larvicidal and enzymatic inhibition effects of annona muricata seed extract and main constituent annonacin against aedes aegypti and aedes albopictus (diptera: culicidae).the mosquitoes aedes aegypti and aedes albopictus are vectors of arboviruses that cause dengue, zika and chikungunya. bioactive compounds from plants are environmentally sustainable alternatives to control these vectors and thus the arboviruses transmitted by them. the present study evaluated the larvicidal activity of an acetogenin-rich fraction (acerf) and its main constituent annonacin obtained from annona muricata seeds on ae. aegypti and ae. albopictus. the larvicidal assays were performed ...201931357557
mosquito-borne viruses and insect-specific viruses revealed in field-collected mosquitoes by a monitoring tool adapted from a microbial detection array.several mosquito-borne diseases affecting humans are emerging or reemerging in the united states. the early detection of pathogens in mosquito populations is essential to prevent and control the spread of these diseases. in this study, we tested the potential applicability of the lawrence livermore microbial detection array (llmda) to enhance biosurveillance by detecting microbes present in aedes aegypti, aedes albopictus, and culex mosquitoes, which are major vector species globally, including ...201931350319
in vitro and in vivo toxicity assessment of selenium nanoparticles with significant larvicidal and bacteriostatic the present study, we investigated the larvicidal and bacteriostatic activity of biosynthesized selenium nanoparticles using aqueous berry extract of murraya koenigii (mk-se nps). the synthesized mk-se nps were characterized using uv-visible spectroscopy, x-ray diffraction (xrd), fourier transform infrared (ftir) spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy (tem), scanning electron microscopy (sem) and energy dispersive x-ray (edx) analysis. xrd analysis revealed the crystalline nature of m ...201931349432
odorant inhibition in mosquito chemical signals are integrated at the peripheral sensory system of insects is still an enigma. here we show that when coexpressed with orco in xenopus oocytes, an odorant receptor from the southern house mosquito, cquior32, generated inward (regular) currents when challenged with cyclohexanone and methyl salicylate, whereas eucalyptol and fenchone elicited inhibitory (upward) currents. responses of cquior32-cquiorco-expressing oocytes to odorants were reduced in a dose-dependent fashion by ...201931349189
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