TitleAbstractYear(sorted ascending)
a statewide survey of container aedes mosquitoes (diptera: culicidae) in north carolina, 2016: a multiagency surveillance response to zika using ovitraps.native and invasive container-inhabiting aedes mosquitoes (diptera: culicidae) play important roles in the transmission of endemic and traveler-introduced arboviruses in the united states. in response to the emergence of zika virus into the americas, we surveyed the distribution of container aedes spp. of public health importance within north carolina during 2016 using ovitraps. a seasonal survey was conducted in 18 counties from the mountains to the coast to identify species incriminated in the ...201930380070
isolation and growth inhibition potential of entomopathogenic nematodes against three public health important mosquito vectors.the prevalence of mosquito vector borne diseases and the resistance of mosquitoes to conventional pesticides have been of important public concern to the mosquito endemic countries. present study was conducted to identify the native bio-larvicidal potential of the entomopathogenic nematodes; steinernema siamkayai (kpr-4) heterohabditis indica (kpr-8), steinernema glaseri and steinernema abbasi. the isolated nematodes were subsequently cultured and evaluated their larvicidal potential against the ...201930414843
preparation and use of a yeast shrna delivery system for gene silencing in mosquito larvae.the mosquito genome projects facilitated research in new facets of mosquito biology, including functional genetic studies in the dengue and zika virus vector aedes aegypti and the primary african malaria vector anopheles gambiae. rna interference (rnai) has facilitated gene silencing experiments in both of these disease vector mosquito species and could one day be applied as a new method of vector control. here, we describe a procedure for the genetic engineering of saccharomyces cerevisiae (bak ...201930414120
inhibition of sodium-hydrogen antiport by antibodies to nha1 in brush border membrane vesicles from whole aedes aegypti larvae.the present research report describes na+/h+ antiport by brush border membrane vesicles isolated from whole larvae of aedes aegypti (aebbmvw). our hypothesis is that acid quenching of acridine orange by aebbmvw is predominantly mediated by na+/h+ antiport via the nha1 component of the aebbmvw in the absence of amino acids and atp. aenha1 is a na+/h+ antiporter that has been postulated to exchange na+ and h+ across the apical plasma membrane in posterior midgut of a. aegypti larvae. its principal ...201930392010
the combinatory effect of cyt1aa flexibility and specificity against dipteran larvae improves the toxicity of bacillus thuringensis kurstaki toxins.cyt1a98 is a novel cytolytic protein, from bupm98 bacillus thuringiensis strain, characterized by its synergistic activity with b. thuringiensis kurstaki toxins against lepidopteran larvae. in this study, we evidenced that cyt1a98 improves the toxicity of b. thuringiensis kurstaki toxins against aedes aegypti larvae. in fact, the strain bns3phtcyt1a98 exhibited a larvicidal activity of about 849-fold of that of bns3phtblue against a. aegypti. the molecular and biochemical characterizations, of c ...201930391590
bioassay and molecular study for detection of insecticide resistance dengue causing mosquito vectors.nowadays, dengue infection creates a major problem across the country. the vector species carrying dengue infection has progressively started to developed resistance against most of the currently used insecticides. hence, a study was carried out in dengue-endemic areas of assam and arunachal pradesh to find the current situation of insecticide susceptibility status of dengue vectors. based on the previous history of dengue incidence, aedes mosquitoes were collected from dibrugarh, kamrup, sivasa ...201930429402
autocidal gravid ovitrap incorporation with attractants for control of gravid and host-seeking aedes aegypti (diptera: culicidae).aedes aegypti linnaeus (diptera: culicidae) is a primary vector of multiple arboviruses including zika, dengue, chikungunya, and yellow fever. after incorporating bg lure or bg lure + octenol, the cdc's autocidal gravid ovitrap (ago) was more effective at collecting and controlling host-seeking female ae. aegypti than gravid female mosquitoes. the addition of octenol to the ago did not increase the number of female mosquitoes captured by the ago, compared with the ago alone. the ago baited with ...201930462293
monitoring insecticide resistance profiles of aedes aegypti (diptera: culicidae) in the sunda islands of indonesia based on diagnostic doses of larvicides.this study was conducted to monitor the susceptibility status of aedes aegypti (linnaeus) larvae in the sunda islands of indonesia against various organophosphates and organochlorines. larval bioassay was performed in accordance with the world health organization standard protocol. field-collected and reference strains of ae. aegypti larvae were tested against diagnostic doses of eight larvicides belonging to organophosphates and organochlorines, namely bromophos (0.050 mg/liter), chlopyrifos (0 ...201930462258
past, present and future of aedes aegypti in its south american southern distribution fringe: what do temperature and population tell us?aedes aegypti (diptera: culicidae) (linnaeus) is currently the major threat among arbovirus vectors in the americas. we examined its past, present, and future distribution patterns in the south american fringe in association with environmental and demographic variables at two spatial scales. we updated the database of the occurrence of ae. aegypti per locality and modelled by glmm the past occurrence (until 2000) and its expansion (2001-2017) as a function of air temperature, precipitation, alti ...201930458122
water channel activity of putative aquaporin-6 present in aedes aegypti.aquaporins (aqps) are integral membrane channels that facilitate the bidirectional transport of water and sometimes other small solutes across biological membranes. aqps are important in mediating environmental adaptations in mosquitoes and are considered as a novel target for the development of effective insecticides against mosquitoes. here, we expressed aedes aegypti aqp6 ( aaaqp6) in human embryonic kidney (hek) 293 cells and analyzed the water permeability by a conventional swelling assay, ...201930456765
going viral 2019: zika, chikungunya, and dengue.chikungunya and zika virus infections are emerging diseases in the americas, and dengue continues to be the most prevalent arthropod-borne virus in the world. these arbovirus diseases may spread by endemic transmission or as travel-related infections and have rapidly expanded their geographic distribution secondary to vector spread. all 3 share a similar clinical picture that includes a maculopapular rash. zika is characterized by pruritic rash, low-grade fever, and arthralgia. congenital nervou ...201930466692
aedes aegypti vector competence studies: a review.aedes aegypti is the primary transmitter of the four viruses that have had the greatest impact on human health, the viruses causing yellow fever, dengue fever, chikungunya, and zika fever. because this mosquito is easy to rear in the laboratory and these viruses grow in laboratory tissue culture cells, many studies have been performed testing the relative competence of different populations of the mosquito to transmit many different strains of viruses. we review here this large literature includ ...201930465912
coinfection of chikungunya and dengue viruses: a serological study from north western region of punjab, india.dengue and chikungunya (chik) infections appear to be increasing in all parts of india. aedes aegypti mosquitoes are common vectors for dengue virus (denv) and chik virus (chikv). in areas where both viruses cocirculate, they can be transmitted together. there are very few studies discussing the dengue-chik coinfection from punjab region of india. the present study was undertaken to study the clinical features of dengue-chik coinfection and compare with monoinfection.201930498319
saccharomyces cerevisiae (baker's yeast) as an interfering rna expression and delivery system.the broad application of rna interference for disease prevention is dependent upon the production of dsrna in an economically feasible, scalable, and sustainable fashion, as well as the identification of safe and effective methods for rna delivery. current research has sparked interest in the use of saccharomyces cerevisiae for these applications. this review examines the potential for commercial development of yeast interfering rna expression and delivery systems. s. cerevisiae is a genetic mod ...201930474529
ecotoxicity response of chlorpyrifos in aedes aegypti larvae and lactuca sativa seeds after uv/h2o2 and uvc oxidation.chlorpyrifos (cp) is an organophosphate pesticide widely used in agriculture known to cause neurological and immunological effects in addition to interfering in the reproduction and development of organisms. in this study, cp degradation by uv/h2o2 process and uvc radiation was investigated, and the ecotoxicity and phytotoxicity was evaluated using bioassays of aedes aegypti larvae and lactuca sativa seeds. cp degradation was monitored by hplc-dad, and kinetic parameters were calculated for all ...201930471582
volatile composition and biological activities of the leaf essential oil from zanthoxylum limoncello grown in oaxaca, méxico.zanthoxylum limoncello is a native plant from southern mexico which is used as a timber source, condiment and as a traditional medicine. herein, we report on the volatile content of the leaf essential oil and its biological activities. the annual essential oils (2015-2018) contained volatile organic compounds which exhibited a moderate growth inhibitory activity against h. pylori atcc 53504 (mic 121.4-139.7 μg ml-1 ), 26695 (mic 85.5-94.9 μg ml-1 ) and j99 (mic 94.7-110.4 μg ml-1 ). these hydrod ...201930512233
co-occurrence of v1016i and f1534c mutations in the voltage-gated sodium channel and resistance to pyrethroids in aedes aegypti (l.) from the colombian caribbean region.knockdown resistance is conferred primarily by non-synonymous mutations that reduce pyrethroids binding to voltage-gated sodium channels. in 2014, kdr mutation v1016i in aedes aegypti populations resistant to pyrethroids was reported for the first time in colombiα, in 2016 another kdr mutation, f1534c, and in 2018 the mutation v419l. nine populations of a. aegypti, previously characterized as being resistant to λ-cyhalothrin, deltamethrin, cyfluthrin and permethrin, were used for this study. gen ...201930520256
differential suppression of persistent insect specific viruses in trans-infected wmel and wmelpop-cla aedes-derived mosquito lines.wolbachia suppresses the replication of +ssrna viruses such as dengue and zika viruses in aedes aegypti mosquitoes. however, the range of viruses affected by this endosymbiont is yet to be explored. recently, novel insect-specific viruses (isvs) have been described from numerous mosquito species and mosquito-derived cell lines. cell-fusing agent virus (flaviviridae) and phasi charoen-like virus (bunyaviridae) persistently infect the ae. aegypti cell line aag2 which has been used for experimental ...201930503908
[new altitudinal registration of aedes aegypti in the region of piura, peru]. 201930517515
the tudor protein veneno assembles the ping-pong amplification complex that produces viral pirnas in aedes mosquitoes.piwi-interacting rnas (pirnas) comprise a class of small rnas best known for suppressing transposable elements in germline tissues. the vector mosquito aedes aegypti encodes seven piwi genes, four of which are somatically expressed. this somatic pirna pathway generates pirnas from viral rna during infection with cytoplasmic rna viruses through ping-pong amplification by the piwi proteins ago3 and piwi5. yet, additional insights into the molecular mechanisms mediating non-canonical pirna producti ...201930566680
container size alters the outcome of interspecific competition between aedes aegypti (diptera: culicidae) and aedes albopictus.aedes aegypti l. and aedes albopictus skuse co-occur in a variety of water-filled containers where they compete for resources. larvae of ae. albopictus skuse often outcompete those of ae. aegypti l., but variation in biotic and abiotic parameters can modify the outcome of this interspecific competition. we tested whether container size can alter the magnitude and direction of intra- and interspecific competition by rearing three ae. aegypti and ae. albopictus larval combinations (100:0, 50:50 an ...201930566608
bioactivity of wild carrot (daucus carota, apiaceae) essential oil against mosquito larvae.invasive alien plants wreak havoc on native ecosystems and using them as a source of biopesticides could improve their management. we examined the toxicity of essential oil of wild carrot (also known as 'queen anne's lace', daucus carota linnaeus), an aggressive invader throughout the united states, against aedes aegypti l., culex pipiens l., and culex restuans theobald larvae. comparisons were made between essential oil extracted from umbels of local populations of wild carrot versus a commerci ...201930566578
seroprevalence of zika virus among asymptomatic pregnant mothers and their newborns in the najran region of southwest saudi arabia.zika virus (zikv) is a teratogenic flavivirus that can cause microcephaly. its main vector, aedes aegypti, has been previ.ously identified in saudi arabia, but no zikv infection has yet been reported. nevertheless, the country is at risk from zikv because it receives many travelers throughout the year, including pilgrims from zikv-endemic countries.201930531174
mechanisms of pyrethroid resistance in aedes (stegomyia) aegypti from colombia aedes (stegomyia) aegypti is the main vector of urban arboviruses such as dengue, chikungunya and zika. this urban mosquito has a well-established capacity to develop insecticide resistance to different types of insecticides (pyrethroids, organochlorides, organophosphates), using multiple resistance mechanisms. an understanding of ongoing resistance mechanisms is critical to determining the activities of vector control programs. in order to identify the biochemical and molecular mech ...201930552882
proteins, transcripts, and genetic architecture of seminal fluid and sperm in the mosquito aedes aegypti.the yellow fever mosquito, aedes aegypti,, transmits several viruses causative of serious diseases, including dengue, zika, and chikungunya. some proposed efforts to control this vector involve manipulating reproduction to suppress wild populations or to replace them with disease-resistant mosquitoes. the design of such strategies requires an intimate knowledge of reproductive processes, yet our basic understanding of reproductive genetics in this vector remains largely incomplete. to accelerate ...201930552291
distinctive regulatory properties of pyruvate kinase 1 from aedes aegypti mosquitoes.female aedes aegypti mosquitoes are vectors of arboviruses that cause diseases of public health significance. the discovery of new metabolic targets is crucial for improving mosquito control strategies. we recently demonstrated that glucose oxidation supports ammonia detoxification in a. aegypti. pyruvate kinase (pk, ec catalyzes the last step of the glycolytic pathway. in most organisms, one or more allosteric effectors control pk activity. however, the kinetic properties and structur ...201930578824
production of tetravalent dengue virus envelope protein domain iii based antigens in lettuce chloroplasts and immunologic analysis for future oral vaccine development.dengue fever is a mosquito (aedes aegypti) -transmitted viral disease that is endemic in more than 125 countries around the world. there are four serotypes of the dengue virus (denv 1-4) and a safe and effective dengue vaccine must provide protection against all four serotypes. to date, the first vaccine, dengvaxia (cyd-tdv), is available after many decades' efforts, but only has moderate efficacy. more effective and affordable vaccines are hence required. plants offer promising vaccine producti ...201930578710
a gut commensal bacterium promotes mosquito permissiveness to arboviruses.mosquitoes are hematophagous vectors that can acquire human viruses in their intestinal tract. here, we define a mosquito gut commensal bacterium that promotes permissiveness to arboviruses. antibiotic depletion of gut bacteria impaired arboviral infection of a lab-adapted aedes aegypti mosquito strain. reconstitution of individual cultivable gut bacteria in antibiotic-treated mosquitoes identified serratia marcescens as a commensal bacterium critical for efficient arboviral acquisition. s. marc ...201930595552
a simple model to predict the potential abundance of aedes aegypti mosquitoes one month in advance.the mosquito aedes (stegomyia) aegypti (l.) is the primary vector of dengue, chikungunya, and zika viruses in the united states. surveillance for adult ae. aegypti is limited, hindering understanding of the mosquito's seasonal patterns and predictions of areas at elevated risk for autochthonous virus transmission. we developed a simple, intuitive empirical model that uses readily available temperature and humidity variables to predict environmental suitability for low, medium, or high potential ...201930594264
fine-scale spatial and temporal dynamics of kdr haplotypes in aedes aegypti from resistance to insecticides increases in disease vectors, it has become exceedingly important to monitor populations for susceptibility. most studies of field populations of aedes aegypti have largely characterized resistance patterns at the spatial scale of the city or country, which may not be completely informative given that insecticide application occurs at the scale of the house or city block. phenotypic resistance to pyrethroids dominates in ae. aegypti, and it has been partially explai ...201930626410
density-dependent enhanced replication of a densovirus in wolbachia-infected aedes cells is associated with production of pirnas and higher virus-derived sirnas.the endosymbiotic bacterium wolbachia pipientis has been shown to restrict a range of rna viruses in drosophila melanogaster and transinfected dengue mosquito, aedes aegypti. here, we show that wolbachia infection enhances replication of aedes albopictus densovirus (aaldnv-1), a single stranded dna virus, in aedes cell lines in a density-dependent manner. analysis of previously produced small rnas of aag2 cells showed that wolbachia-infected cells produced greater absolute abundance of virus-der ...201930583288
the aedes aegypti imd pathway is a critical component of the mosquito antifungal immune response.successful infection of the insect body by entomopathogenic fungi is the result of complex molecular interactions between the host and the invading pathogenic fungi. the mosquito antifungal response is multifaceted and is regulated in part by the toll and jak-stat pathways. here, we assessed the role of the imd pathway in the mosquito ae. aegypti antifungal immune response when challenged with one of two entomopathogenic fungi, beauveria bassiana and isaria javanica. imd pathway components of th ...201930582948
green synthesis of silver-nanoparticles from annona reticulata leaves aqueous extract and its mosquito larvicidal and anti-microbial activity on human pathogens.silver nanoparticles play a important role in controlling mosquito population as well as multi drug resistant pathogens without causing much harm to humans. in the present study was focused on green synthesis of silver nanoparticles against dengue causing vector (aedes aegypti) and pathogens affecting humans. the synthesized silver nanoparticle was confirmed using uv- absorption spectrum range obtained at 416 nm, xrd, ftir and hr-tem analysis were used to determine the silver nanoparticle morpho ...201930581768
lippia gracilis essential oil in β-cyclodextrin inclusion complexes: an environmentally safe formulation to control aedes aegypti of the most efficient ways to prevent arboviruses, such as dengue fever, yellow fever, chikungunya and zika, is by controlling their vector, the aedes aegypti. because this vector is becoming resistant to most larvicides used, the development of new larvicides should be considered. β-cyclodextrin (β-cd) complexes have been investigated as an interesting way of enabling the use of essential oils in water as larvicides. this study comprised the development of lippia gracilis essential oil (lge ...201929998608
pan-american league of associations for rheumatology-central american, caribbean and andean rheumatology association consensus-conference endorsements and recommendations on the diagnosis and treatment of chikungunya-related inflammatory arthropathies in latin america.although mortality rates related with chikungunya (chik) outbreaks in latin america's (la's) dengue-endemic rural and new urban regions are low, dealing with symptoms and sequelae can both produce a significant burden of disease and diminish quality of life-from many months to years-after the acute phase of the infection, with a significant impact on public and individual health.the aim of this work was to establish pan-american league of associations for rheumatology-central american, caribbean ...201930028809
characterization of tolypocladium cylindrosporum (hypocreales, ophiocordycipitaceae) isolates from brazil and their efficacy against aedes aegypti (diptera, culicidae).to survey and to characterize entomopathogenic fungi as natural enemies of mosquitoes in central brazil.201930160316
vaccination and immunization strategies to design aedes aegypti salivary protein based subunit vaccine tackling flavivirus infection.flavivirus causes arthropod-borne severe diseases that sometimes lead to the death. the flavivirus species including dengue virus, zika virus and yellow fever virus are transmitted by the bite of aedes mosquitoes. all these viral species target the people living in their respective endemic zone causing a high mortality rate. recent studies show that immune factors present in the ae. aegypti saliva is the hidden culprit promoting blood meal collection, suppressing host immune molecules and promot ...201930219509
vertebrate hosts of aedes aegypti, aedes albopictus, and culex quinquefasciatus (diptera: culicidae) as potential vectors of zika virus in florida.zika virus (zikv), once considered an obscure pathogen, spread rapidly from 2014 to 2016 to become an internationally notifiable condition of major public health concern. the relative importance of various culex and aedes species mosquitoes (diptera: culicidae) in zikv transmission is a topic of debate. quantifying host use is important in determining the vectorial capacity of a mosquito species for transmitting zikv in nature. in the united states, few data are available on host use of aedes ae ...201930165498
a comparison of mosquito densities, weather and infection rates of aedes aegypti during the first epidemics of chikungunya (2014) and zika (2016) in areas with and without vector control in puerto puerto rico, the first records of the transmission of chikungunya (chikv) and zika (zikv) viruses were confirmed in may 2014 and december 2015, respectively. transmission of chikv peaked in september 2014, whereas that of zikv peaked in august 2016. the emergence of these mosquito-transmitted arboviruses in the context of a lack of human population immunity allowed observations of whether the outbreaks were associated with aedes aegypti (diptera: culicidae) densities and weather. mosquito den ...201930225842
hypometabolic strategy and glucose metabolism maintenance of aedes aegypti egg desiccation.the mosquito aedes aegypti is vector of several viruses including yellow fever virus, dengue virus chikungunya virus and zika virus. one of the major problems involving these diseases transmission is that a. aegypti embryos are resistant to desiccation at the end of embryogenesis, surviving and remaining viable for several months inside the egg. therefore, a fine metabolism control is essential to support these organisms throughout this period of resistance. the carbohydrate metabolism has been ...201930266630
evaluation of aib and peg-polymer insect kinin analogs on mosquito and tick gpcrs identifies potent new pest management tools with potentially enhanced biostability and bioavailability.insect kinins modulate aspects of diuresis, digestion, development, and sugar taste perception in tarsi and labellar sensilla in mosquitoes. they are, however, subject to rapid biological degradation by endogenous invertebrate peptidases. a series of α-aminoisobutyric (aib) acid-containing insect kinin analogs incorporating sequences native to the aedes aegypti mosquito aedeskinins were evaluated on two recombinant kinin invertebrate receptors stably expressed in cell lines, discovering a number ...201930107140
adaptation to temperate climates: evidence of photoperiod-induced embryonic dormancy in aedes aegypti in south america.dormancy is a developmental arrest in arthropods, in response to unfavorable conditions in temporally varying environments. in aedes aegypti, the supposed inability of eggs to inhibit hatching has been used to explain the restriction of this species to tropical and subtropical regions. however, the geographic range of ae. aegypti is constantly expanding towards temperate regions. thus, the aim of the present study was to assess the ability of ae. aegypti individuals from a temperate region (buen ...202031125550
assessment of hymenoptera and non-hymenoptera insect bite and sting allergy among patients of tropical region of west bengal, india.west bengal, india, is inhabited by abundance and variety of insects that triggers sensitization in some humans to inhalant allergens and/or insect stings/venoms. lack of research on this topic prevented accurate diagnosis and proper follow-up treatments to patients suffering from insect-induced allergies. the aim of our study was to identify the allergy-causing insects and evaluate resulting sensitization among a study population in west bengal, india. the skin prick test (spt) evaluated sensit ...202031228205
conservation of the voltage-sensitive sodium channel protein within the insecta.the voltage-sensitive sodium channel (vssc) is essential for the generation and propagation of action potentials. vssc kinetics can be modified by producing different splice variants. the functionality of vssc depends on features such as the voltage sensors, the selectivity filter and the inactivation loop. mutations in vssc conferring resistance to pyrethroid insecticides are known as knockdown resistance (kdr). we analysed the conservation of vssc in both a broad scope and a narrow scope by th ...202031206812
towards the optimization of botanical insecticides research: aedes aegypti larvicidal natural products in french guiana.natural products have proven to be an immeasurable source of bioactive compounds. the exceptional biodiversity encountered in amazonia, alongside a rich entomofauna and frequent interactions with various herbivores is the crucible of a promising chemodiversity. this prompted us to search for novel botanical insecticides in french guiana. as this french overseas department faces severe issues linked to insects, notably the strong incidence of vector-borne infectious diseases, we decided to focus ...202031539525
control of the 2018-2019 dengue fever outbreak in oman: a country previously without local december 2018, routine surveillance identified an autochthonous outbreak of dengue fever in muscat governorate, oman, a region previously free of dengue fever.202031639520
molecular detection of dengue virus in mosquitoes as an early indicator to aid in the prevention of human infection in endemic areas.human cases of dengue virus based on the national dengue control plan were compared with the molecular detection of the dengue virus in trapped mosquitoes, verifying the prediction and efficacy potentials of vector control between the two methodologies in a city with three endemic frontiers. molecular detection of dengue virus in trapped mosquitoes was significantly higher than in human cases (p = 0.0435). thus, molecular detection could be used as an early indicator to help prevent more human c ...202031697613
phytochemical analysis of rhazya stricta extract and its use in fabrication of silver nanoparticles effective against mosquito vectors and microbial pathogens.worldwide, billions of people are at risk from viruses, parasites and bacteria transmitted by mosquitoes, ticks, fleas and other vectors. over exploitation of chemical pesticides to overcome the mosquito borne diseases led to detrimental effects on environment and human health. the present research aims to explore bio-fabrication of metal silver nanomaterials using rhazya stricta extract against deadly mosquito vectors and microbial pathogens. the phytochemical profile of the r. stricta extracts ...202031655455
insecticidal and mosquito repellent efficacy of the essential oils from stem bark and wood of hazomalania voyronii.the use of hazomalania voyronii, popularly known as hazomalana, to repel mosquitoes and resist against insect attacks is handed down from generation to generation in madagascar. in the present study, we investigated the ability of the essential oils (eos) obtained from the stem wood, fresh and dry bark of h. voyronii to keep important mosquito vectors (aedes aegypti and culex quinquefasciatus) away, as well as their toxicity on three insect species of agricultural and public health importance (c ...202031654797
larval exposure to bacteria modulates arbovirus infection and immune gene expression in adult aedes we have investigated whether bacterial challenges to larval stages of aedes aegypti can influence the adults' immune and vector competence for dengue and zika viruses. we show that larval exposure to live bacillus thuringiensis berliner and enterobacter ludwigii can result in the modulation of virus infection at the adult stage in the absence of bacterial carry-over between the two developmental stages. we observed a significant reduction in virus infection intensity in the mosquitoes expos ...202031726064
glycolytic profile shift and antioxidant triggering in symbiont-free and h2o2-resistant strigomonas culicis.during their life cycle, trypanosomatids are exposed to stress conditions and adapt their energy and antioxidant metabolism to colonize their hosts. strigomonas culicis is a monoxenous protist found in invertebrates with an endosymbiotic bacterium that completes essential biosynthetic pathways for the trypanosomatid. our research group previously generated a wild-type h2o2-resistant (wtr) strain that showed improved mitochondrial metabolism and antioxidant defenses, which led to higher rates of ...202031760093
measuring the host-seeking ability of aedes aegypti destined for field seeking is an essential process in mosquito reproduction. field releases of modified mosquitoes for population replacement rely on successful host seeking by female mosquitoes, but host-seeking ability is rarely tested in a realistic context. we tested the host-seeking ability of female aedes aegypti mosquitoes using a semi-field system. females with different wolbachia infection types (wmel-, walbb-infected, and uninfected) or from different origins (laboratory and field) were released at ...202031769394
evolution of the innate and adaptive immune response in women with acute zika virus infection.zika virus (zikv) is a flavivirus that is closely related to other human pathogens, such as dengue virus (denv)1. primary transmission usually involves aedes aegypti, which has expanded its distribution range considerably2, although rarer infection routes, including mother-to-fetus transmission, sexual contact and blood transfusion, have also been observed3-7. primary zikv infection is usually asymptomatic or mild in adults, with quickly resolved blood viraemia, but zikv might persist for months ...202031792427
mosquito iridescent virus: new records from nature and infections using strelkovimermis spiculatus (mermithidae) as a vector under laboratory conditions.iridoviridae is a dna virus family that affects both vertebrates and invertebrates. immature aquatic stages of many dipteran species infected with iridovirus have been found in different places worldwide. the most represented genera of the culicidae family are aedes and psorophora. to date, sixteen species of aedes naturally infected with iridoviruses have been reported. moreover, there are four records for the genus psorophora, one for culiseta, and two for culex. in this paper, we report two n ...202031903519
aedes aegypti insecticide resistance underlies the success (and failure) of wolbachia population replacement.mosquitoes that carry wolbachia endosymbionts may help control the spread of arboviral diseases, such as dengue, zika and chikungunya. wolbachia frequencies systematically increase only when the frequency-dependent advantage due to cytoplasmic incompatibility exceeds frequency-independent costs, which may be intrinsic to the wolbachia and/or can be associated with the genetic background into which wolbachia are introduced. costs depend on field conditions such as the environmental pesticide load ...202031919396
sequencing of zikv genomes directly from ae. aegypti and cx. quinquefasciatus mosquitoes collected during the 2015-16 epidemics in recife.zika virus (zikv) is a negative sense rna virus from the flaviviridae family, which was relatively unknown until the first human epidemic in micronesia, in 2007. since its spread to french polynesia and the americas. recife, the capital of pernambuco state and epicenter of the zika epidemic in brazil, experienced a large number of microcephaly cases and other congenital abnormalities associated to the zikv infection from, 2015 to 16. evidences suggest that both aedes aegypti and culex quinquefas ...202031918041
development, larvicide activity, and toxicity in nontarget species of the croton linearis jacq essential oil this study, the essential oil (eo) from leaves of croton linearis jacq was extracted and characterized by gc/ms. the eo hydrophilic-lipophilic balance required (rhlb) for nanoemulsion (ne) development was determined by the griffin' method. for evaluating the larvicidal effect against aedes aegypti, the preparation process of ne was optimized, using a central composite design. it was also evaluated the possible toxic effect of ne in nontarget species. the leaves of c. linearis contain 1.50% of ...202031916152
chemosensation: hate mosquitoes? peel beetroots!finding the right lure for trapping pest insects is difficult. the typical smell of rain and humid soil, geosmin, now turns out to be a strong attractant for the yellow fever mosquito aedes aegypti.202031910367
geographic shifts in the bioclimatic suitability for aedes aegypti under climate change scenarios in colombia.the dengue, chikungunya and zika viruses are arboviruses predominantly transmitted to humans through the bite of the female mosquito aedes aegypti. currently, the vector represents a potential epidemiological risk in several latin american and pacific countries. however, little is known about the geographical distribution and bioclimatic suitability of this mosquito in the projected climate change scenarios in colombia. using a species distribution model of maximum entropy (maxent) based on pres ...202031909268
surveillance for zika in mexico: naturally infected mosquitoes in urban and semi-urban areas.zika cases have been reported in 29 out of the 32 states of mexico. information regarding which mosquito species might be driving zika virus transmission/maintenance in nature must be regularly updated. from january 2017 to november 2018, mosquitoes were collected indoors and outdoors using the cdc backpack aspirator in urban and semi-urban areas with evidence of mosquito-borne disease transmission. 3873 mosquito pools were tested for zika infection using the cdc trioplex real-time rt-pcr. for e ...202031902313
annona muricata: an alternate mosquito control agent with special reference to inhibition of detoxifying enzymes in aedes aegypti.this study was aimed to investigate an effectual level of annona muricata (soursop) extracts on mosquito vectors namely, aedes aegypti, anopheles stephensi and culex quinquefasciatus. the toxicity study on non-target organism and other important biochemical marker enzymes to find and illustrate the exact mechanism of specific enzymes responsible for detoxifying allelochemicals. among the various soursop seed kernel extracts tested for larvicidal activity, the 0.9% saline extract exhibited maximu ...202031816498
geosmin attracts aedes aegypti mosquitoes to oviposition sites.geosmin is one of the most recognizable and common microbial smells on the planet. some insects, like mosquitoes, require microbial-rich environments for their progeny, whereas for other insects such microbes may prove dangerous. in the vinegar fly drosophila melanogaster, geosmin is decoded in a remarkably precise fashion and induces aversion, presumably signaling the presence of harmful microbes [1]. we have here investigated the effect of geosmin on the behavior of the yellow fever mosquito a ...202031839454
the olfactory basis of orchid pollination by mosquitoes.mosquitoes are important vectors of disease and require sources of carbohydrates for reproduction and survival. unlike host-related behaviors of mosquitoes, comparatively less is understood about the mechanisms involved in nectar-feeding decisions, or how this sensory information is processed in the mosquito brain. here we show that aedes spp. mosquitoes, including aedes aegypti, are effective pollinators of the platanthera obtusata orchid, and demonstrate this mutualism is mediated by the orchi ...202031871198
discovery of 1,2,4-oxadiazole derivatives as a novel class of noncompetitive inhibitors of 3-hydroxykynurenine transaminase (hkt) from aedes aegypti.the mosquito aedes aegypti is the vector of arboviruses such as zika, chikungunya, dengue and yellow fever. these infectious diseases have a major impact on public health. the unavailability of effective vaccines or drugs to prevent or treat most of these diseases makes vector control the main form of prevention. one strategy to promote mosquito population control is the use of synthetic insecticides to inhibit key enzymes in the metabolic pathway of these insects, particularly during larval sta ...202031864777
cytotoxic and larvicidal activities of stemona alkaloids from the aerial parts and roots of stemona curtisii hook.f.a new stemona alkaloid glycoside derivative, 6-hydroxy-5,6-seco-stemocurtisinoside (4), was isolated from the ethanolic extract of the aerial parts of stemona curtisii hook.f., together with stemocurtisine (1), (11z)-1',2'-didehydrostemofoline (2) and 6-hydroxy-5,6-seco-stemocurtisine (3). whereas, stemocurtisine (1), stemocurtisinol (5) and oxyprotostemonine (6) were isolated from the roots. their structures were elucidated using 1d and 2d nmr spectroscopy as well as ms experiments. the extract ...202031899956
excito-repellency activity of andrographis paniculata (lamiales: acanthaceae) against colonized mosquitoes.excito-repellency activity of plant extracts have been increasingly studied as mosquito repellents. in this study, the crude extract of andrographis paniculata was evaluated for its noncontact repellency, contact excitation (irritancy + repellency), and knockdown/toxicity response against five colonized mosquitoes; aedes aegypti (l.), aedes albopictus (skuse), anopheles dirus peyton & harrison, anopheles epiroticus linton & harbach, and culex quinquefasciatus say (diptera: culicidae) using an ex ...202031550361
detection of fluorescent powders and their effect on survival and recapture of aedes aegypti (diptera: culicidae).the use of insect markers, such as fluorescent powders, is a useful tool for studying ecological and epidemiological questions. evaluating their effect on vectors of human disease agents, such as the invasive mosquito vector aedes aegypti (linnaeus), is crucial for their practical and reliable use, especially in parameters linked to the risk of disease transmission such as adult survival, dispersal, and host-seeking. seven fluorescent powders (hercules radiant, dayglo (dg), risk reactor (rr), an ...202031587060
function of aedes aegypti galectin-6 in modulation of cry11aa toxicity.galectins are a family of β-galactoside binding proteins, and insect galectins play a role in immune responses and may also affect cry toxin activity. in this study, we aimed to further understand the function and molecular mechanism of aedes aegypti galectin-6 in modulation of cry11aa toxicity. a. aegypti galectin-6 was cloned, and the recombinant galectin-6 was expressed and purified. bioassays indicated that galectin-6 could reduce the toxicity of cry11aa, protecting a. aegypti larvae. to det ...202031836060
the role of lulopat amino acid/proton symporters in midgut alkalinization in the sandfly lutzomyia longipalpis (diptera - psychodidae).in lutzomyia longipalpis females, which are the main vectors of leishmania infantum in the americas, hematophagy is crucial for ovary development. the control of ph in the midgut during blood digestion is important to the functioning of the digestive enzymes, which release amino acids in the luminal compartment that are then transported through the enterocytes to the hemolymph for delivery to the ovary and other organs. in the present work, we investigated transport systems known as lulopats tha ...202031715141
the global expansion of dengue: how aedes aegypti mosquitoes enabled the first pandemic arbovirus.dengue is an emerging viral disease principally transmitted by the aedes (stegomyia) aegypti mosquito. it is one of the fastest-growing global infectious diseases, with 100-400 million new infections a year, and is now entrenched in a growing number of tropical megacities. behind this rapid rise is the simple adaptation of ae. aegypti to a new entomological niche carved out by human habitation. this review describes the expansion of dengue and explores how key changes in the ecology of ae. aegyp ...202031594415
chikungunya virus: role of vectors in emergence from enzootic cycles.chikungunya virus (chikv), a re-emerging mosquito-borne arbovirus, has caused millions of cases of severe, often chronic arthralgia during recent outbreaks. in africa, circulation in sylvatic, enzootic cycles involves several species of arboreal mosquito vectors that transmit among diverse nonhuman primates and possibly other amplifying hosts. most disease occurs when chikv emerges into a human-amplified cycle involving aedes aegypti and sometimes aedes albopictus transmission and extensive spre ...202031594410
reduced effectiveness of repellents in a pyrethroid-resistant strain of aedes aegypti (diptera: culicidae) and its correlation with olfactory sensitivity.the mosquito, aedes aegypti (diptera: culicidae), is a vector of dengue fever, zika, chikungunya, and yellow fever viruses, and in many areas possesses significant levels of resistance to pyrethroids. behavioral performance was assessed in 15, 30, and 60 min exposures in a high throughput vapor phase spatial repellency assay to three contact repellent standards: n,n-diethyl-3-methylbenzamide (deet), ethyl 3-[acetyl(butyl)amino] propanoate (ir3535), and 2-undecanone, as well as pyrethrum extract, ...202031338960
distribution and frequency of the kdr mutation v410l in natural populations of aedes aegypti (l.) (diptera: culicidae) from eastern and southern mexico.aedes aegypti (l.) is the primary vector of the viruses that cause dengue, zika, and chikungunya, for which effective vaccines and drugs are still lacking. current strategies for suppressing arbovirus outbreaks based on insecticide use pose a challenge because of the rapid increase in resistance. the widespread and excessive use of pyrethroid-based insecticides has created a large selection pressure for a kdr-type resistance, caused by mutations in the para gene of the voltage-gated sodium chann ...202031504686
mapping aedes aegypti (diptera: culicidae) and aedes albopictus vector mosquito distribution in brownsville, tx.aedes mosquitoes are vectors of several emerging diseases and are spreading worldwide. we investigated the spatiotemporal dynamics of aedes aegypti (linnaeus) and aedes albopictus (skuse) mosquito trap captures in brownsville, tx, using high-resolution land cover, socioeconomic, and meteorological data. we modeled mosquito trap counts using a bayesian hierarchical mixed-effects model with spatially correlated residuals. the models indicated an inverse relationship between temperature and mosquit ...202031400202
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