TitleAbstractYear(sorted ascending)
urban landscape features influence the movement and distribution of the australian container-inhabiting mosquito vectors aedes aegypti (diptera: culicidae) and aedes notoscriptus (diptera: culicidae).urban landscape features play an important role in the distribution and population spread of mosquito vectors. furthermore, current insecticide and novel rear-and-release strategies for urban mosquito management rarely consider the spatial structure of the landscape when applying control practices. here, we undertake a mark-recapture experiment to examine how urban features influence the movement and distribution of australian container-inhabiting aedes vectors. we pay attention to the role of s ...201931693154
comparison of two dna extraction methods from larvae, pupae, and adults of aedes aegypti.mosquitoes are the most important arthropods from the point of view of public health, due to the fact that they can transmit a large number of pathogens which can cause diseases to humans and animals. aedes aegypti (l.) is one of the most important vector species in the world, since it can transmit numerous pathogens such as dengue, zika, and chikungunya. therefore, studies involving the molecular aspects of this and other mosquitoes species are currently increasing. in this report, we describe ...201931692696
soil presence reduces the control effectiveness of a slow-release formulation of pyriproxyfen on aedes aegypti (diptera: culicidae) assess the influence of soil on the effectiveness of two new slow-release formulations (floating and non-floating) of pyriproxyfen coextruded with low-density polyethylene.201931691403
aedes vector-host olfactory interactions in sylvatic and domestic dengue transmission environments.interactions between aedes (stegomyia) species and non-human primate (nhp) and human hosts govern the transmission of the pathogens, dengue, zika, yellow fever and chikungunya viruses. little is known about aedes mosquito olfactory interactions with these hosts in the domestic and sylvatic cycles where these viruses circulate. here, we explore how the different host-derived skin odours influence aedes mosquito responses in these two environments. in field assays, we show that the cyclic ketone c ...201931690238
a popular indian clove-based mosquito repellent is less effective against culex quinquefasciatus and aedes aegypti than deet.insect repellents are widely used as the first line of defense against mosquito bites and transmission of disease-causing agents. however, the cost of daily applications of even the most affordable and the gold standard of insect repellents, deet, is still high for low-income populations where repellents are needed the most. an indian clove-based homemade recipe has been presented as a panacea. we analyzed this homemade repellent and confirmed by behavioral measurements and odorant receptor resp ...201931689339
an alternative model to explain the vectorial capacity using as example aedes aegypti case in dengue transmission.vectorial capacity (vc), as a concept that describes the potential of a vector to transmit a pathogen, has had historical problems related to lacks in dimensional significance and high error propagation from parameters that take part in the model to output. hence, values estimated with those equations are not sufficiently reliable to consider in control strategies or vector population study. in this paper, we propose a new vc model consistent at dimensional level, i.e., the definition and the eq ...201931687486
effect of larval nutritional regimes on morphometry and vectorial capacity of aedes aegypti for dengue transmission.nutritional level in larval diet of mosquito vectors influence on life history traits and vectorial capacity (vc). therefore, the present study was carried out to assess the effect of larval diet concentration on vector bionomic and vc of aedes aegypti in sri lanka.201931687387
insecticidal activities of citrus aurantifolia essential oil against aedes aegypti (diptera: culicidae).in the recent time, global attention for the control of vectors has shifted from chemical insecticides to botanicals. in the present investigation, authors attempted to evaluate the efficacy of peel and leaf essential oil (eo) of citrus aurantifolia against aedes aegypti.201931687359
bacteria-mediated modification of insecticide toxicity in the yellow fever mosquito, aedes aegypti.the incidence of mosquito-borne disease poses a significant threat to human and animal health throughout the world, with effective chemical control interventions limited by widespread insecticide resistance. recent evidence suggests that gut bacteria of mosquitoes, known to be essential in nutritional homeostasis and pathogen defense, may also play a significant role in facilitating insecticide resistance. this study investigated the extent to which bacteria contribute to the general esterase an ...201931685200
insecticidal and repellent properties of novel trifluoromethylphenyl amides iii.the adulticidal, larvicidal, and repellent activity of 18 trifluoromethylphenyl amides (tfmpas) was determined against aedes aegypti mosquitoes. the compounds studied are the third generation designed from active structures of the previous two generations. n-(3,5-bis(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)-2-chloroacetamide (8f) and n-(3,5-bis(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)-2,2,3,3,3-pentafluoropropanamide (8h) were most active against 1st stage ae. aegypti larvae with lc50 values of 125 and 2.53 μm; for comparative p ...201931685196
entomological surveillance to assess potential outbreak of aedes-borne arboviruses and insecticide resistance status of aedes aegypti from cape coast, ghana.this study was conducted in cape coast, a major tourist destination in ghana to assess the risk of an outbreak of aedes-borne arboviruses based on entomological indicators and determine their susceptibility to pyrethroid insecticides. a larval survey was conducted in 414 houses between april and july 2017. larvae collected were reared to adult for who susceptibility bioassay against four pyrethroid insecticides (deltamethrin 0.05%, permethrin 0.75%, cyfluthrin 0.15%, etofenprox 0.5%) and three d ...201931682813
three dimensional secondary ion mass spectrometry imaging (3d-sims) of aedes aegypti ovarian follicles.the mobilization of nutrient reserves into the ovaries of aedes aegypti mosquitoes after sugar-feeding plays a vital role in the female's reproductive maturation. in the present work, three-dimensional secondary ion mass spectrometry imaging (3d-sims) was used to generate ultrahigh spatial resolution (~1 μm) chemical maps and study the composition and spatial distribution of lipids at the single ovarian follicle level (~100 μm in size). 3d-mass spectrometry imaging (3d-msi) allowed the identific ...201931680712
mosquitocidal activity of the pale brittle stem mushroom, psathyrella candolleana (agaricomycetes), against three vector mosquitoes.the aim of the present study was to screen for mosquito larvicidal activity of methanol extract of a wild mushroom psathyrella candolleana against culex quinquefasciatus, aedes aegypti, and anopheles stephensi. larvae and eggs were exposed to four different concentrations (62.5, 125, 250, and 500 ppm) and mortality was assessed 24 and 120 h after treatment. the lc50 and lc90 values of the extract were calculated. methanol crude extract of p. candolleana showed good larvicidal activity against th ...201931679306
blockade of dengue virus transmission from viremic blood to aedes aegypti mosquitoes using human monoclonal antibodies.dengue is the most prevalent arboviral disease of humans. virus neutralizing antibodies are likely to be critical for clinical immunity after vaccination or natural infection. a number of human monoclonal antibodies (mabs) have previously been characterized as able to neutralize the infectivity of dengue virus (denv) for mammalian cells in cell-culture systems.201931675360
potential inhibitors of the enzyme acetylcholinesterase and juvenile hormone with insecticidal activity: study of the binding mode via docking and molecular dynamics simulations.models validation in qsar, pharmacophore, docking and others can ensure the accuracy and reliability of future predictions in design and selection of molecules with biological activity. in this study, pyriproxyfen was used as a pivot/template to search the database of the maybridge database for potential inhibitors of the enzymes acetylcholinesterase and juvenile hormone as well. the initial virtual screening based on the 3d shape resulted in 2000 molecules with tanimoto index ranging from 0.58 ...201931674282
green synthesis of silver nanoparticles using solanum mammosum l. (solanaceae) fruit extract and their larvicidal activity against aedes aegypti l. (diptera: culicidae).the family of mosquitoes (diptera: culicidae) contains several species of major public health relevance due to their role as vectors of human disease. one of these species, aedes aegypti, is responsible for the transmission of some of the most important vector-borne viruses affecting humankind, including dengue fever, chikungunya and zika. traditionally, control of ae. aegypti and other arthropod species has relied on the use of a relatively small diversity of chemical insecticides. however, wid ...201931671165
design of a repellent against aedes aegypti (diptera: culicidae) using in silico simulations with aaegobp1 irritation has been reported to be the main adverse effect of excessive use of n,n-diethyl-m-toluamide (deet) and ethyl 3-acetyl(butyl)amino (ir3535) commercial repellents. therefore, there is an interest in alternatives of natural origin such as essential oils (eos) and major compounds, which have repellent effects but have no contraindications. the main purpose of the present study was to identify the repellent effect of selected terpenes on aedes aegypti linnaeus, 1762 (diptera: culicida ...201931670811
establishment of wmel wolbachia in aedes aegypti mosquitoes and reduction of local dengue transmission in cairns and surrounding locations in northern queensland, australia.background: the wmel strain of wolbachia has been successfully introduced into aedes aegypti mosquitoes and subsequently shown in laboratory studies to reduce transmission of a range of viruses including dengue, zika, chikungunya, yellow fever, and mayaro viruses that cause human disease. here we report the entomological and epidemiological outcomes of staged deployment of wolbachia across nearly all significant dengue transmission risk areas in australia. methods: the  wmel strain of  wolbachia ...201931667465
combined effect of the entomopathogenic fungus metarhizium robertsii and avermectins on the survival and immune response of aedes aegypti larvae.combination of insect pathogenic fungi and microbial metabolites is a prospective method for mosquito control. the effect of the entomopathogenic fungus metarhizium robertsii j.f. bischoff, s.a. rehner & humber and avermectins on the survival and physiological parameters of aedes aegypti (linnaeus, 1762) larvae (dopamine concentration, glutathione s-transferase (gst), nonspecific esterases (est), acid proteases, lysozyme-like, phenoloxidase (po) activities) was studied. it is shown that the comb ...201931667017
patterns of genetic divergence among populations of aedes aegypti l. (diptera: culicidae) in the southeastern usa.the yellow fever mosquito, aedes aegypti is a public health concern in the usa, especially in the wake of emergent diseases such as zika and chikungunya. aedes aegypti populations dwindled after the invasion of aedes albopictus in the 1980s and many populations were extirpated. however, in some areas ae. aegypti persisted in small populations and there are reports of recent resurgences of ae. aegypti in florida, louisiana, nevada and california. we assessed the population genetic structure of ae ...201931666113
gene expression profile of aedes aegypti females in courtship and mating.aedes aegypti is the most synanthropic and anthropophilic mosquito of culicidae. this species always cohabits with humans and is extremely opportunistic. vector dispersal is directly related to the ability of the females on successfully finding a mate in a generally patchy urban scenario. in the present work, we investigate transcriptional changes in ae. aegypti females during the courtship process and after mating. we observe a substantial alteration in gene expression triggered just upon conta ...201931664152
synergistic action of the transcription factors krüppel homolog 1 and hairy in juvenile hormone/methoprene-tolerant-mediated gene-repression in the mosquito aedes aegypti.arthropod-specific juvenile hormones control numerous essential functions in development and reproduction. in the dengue-fever mosquito aedes aegypti, in addition to its role in immature stages, juvenile hormone iii (jh) governs post-eclosion (pe) development in adult females, a phase required for competence acquisition for blood feeding and subsequent egg maturation. during pe, jh through its receptor methoprene-tolerant (met) regulate the expression of many genes, causing either activation or ...201931661489
combined sterile insect technique and incompatible insect technique: the first proof-of-concept to suppress aedes aegypti vector populations in semi-rural settings in thailand.important arboviral diseases, such as dengue, chikungunya, and zika virus infections, are transmitted mainly by the aedes aegypti vector. so far, controlling this vector species with current tools and strategies has not demonstrated sustainable and significant impacts. our main objective was to evaluate whether open field release of sterile males, produced from combining the sterile insect technique using radiation with the insect incompatible technique through wolbachia-induced incompatibility ...201931658265
congenital dengue in a saudi neonate: a case report.dengue fever is a mosquito-borne viral illness with 100 million new cases occurring worldwide. the vectors involved are mainly aedes aegypti and aedes albopictus. dengue infection is associated with maternal as well as fetal morbidities, like stillbirth, preterm birth, and low birth weight.201931658068
dengue fever - an update review and implications for nigeria, and similar the last five decades, dengue has emerged as one of the most important infectious diseases, following a 30-fold increase in global incidence throughout tropical and sub-tropical regions of the world. the actual numbers of dengue cases are under-reported and many cases are misclassified.201931656483
[coinfection of dengue and chikungunya viruses. narrative review].dengue and chikungunya viruses are transmitted by the female aedes aegypti and aedes albopictus, which are widely distributed in tropical and subtropical areas, facilitating coinfection.201931095186
analysis of cluster-randomized test-negative designs: cluster-level methods.intervention trials of vector control methods often require community level randomization with appropriate inferential methods. for many interventions, the possibility of confounding due to the effects of health-care seeking behavior on disease ascertainment remains a concern. the test-negative design, a variant of the case-control method, was introduced to mitigate this issue in the assessment of the efficacy of influenza vaccination (measured at an individual level) on influenza infection. her ...201929447357
zika virus disease.the zika virus is an arbovirus belonging to the virus family flaviviridae. the virus was isolated in 1947 from a rhesus monkey in the zika forest of uganda. the virus causes sporadic mild human infections in africa and later in asia. however, by 2007 a major shift in its infection pattern was noticed and thousands of human infections were reported in the state of yap and federated states of micronesia. in the last 3 years, major outbreaks have continued to occur and the virus has spread to sever ...201930787745
overview of dengue and zika virus similarity, what can we learn from the saudi experience with dengue fever?there is high public health alert in the kingdom of saudi arabia concerning zika virus infection. so far, there is no reported outbreak. so are we at risk of this disease? reviewing the literature of recent outbreaks of other infectious diseases in saudi arabia may clarify the situation. it is evident that there is some similarity between zika and dengue regarding vector (aedes aegypti) which is available in the kingdom of saudi arabia. furthermore, they have similar transmission process and the ...201929623022
susceptibility and vectorial capacity of american aedes albopictus and aedes aegypti (diptera: culicidae) to american zika virus strains.the rapid expansion of zika virus (zikv), following the recent outbreaks of chikungunya virus, overwhelmed the public health infrastructure in many countries and alarmed many in the scientific community. aedes aegypti (l.) (diptera: culicidae) and aedes albopictus (skuse) (diptera: culicidae) have previously been incriminated as the vectors of these pathogens in addition to dengue virus. in our study, we challenged low generation ae. aegypti (chiapas, mexico) and ae. albopictus (north carolina, ...201930102327
characterization of tolypocladium cylindrosporum (hypocreales, ophiocordycipitaceae) isolates from brazil and their efficacy against aedes aegypti (diptera, culicidae).to survey and to characterize entomopathogenic fungi as natural enemies of mosquitoes in central brazil.201930160316
vaccination and immunization strategies to design aedes aegypti salivary protein based subunit vaccine tackling flavivirus infection.flavivirus causes arthropod-borne severe diseases that sometimes lead to the death. the flavivirus species including dengue virus, zika virus and yellow fever virus are transmitted by the bite of aedes mosquitoes. all these viral species target the people living in their respective endemic zone causing a high mortality rate. recent studies show that immune factors present in the ae. aegypti saliva is the hidden culprit promoting blood meal collection, suppressing host immune molecules and promot ...201930219509
encapsulation of piper aduncum and piper hispidinervum essential oils in gelatin nanoparticles: a possible sustainable control tool of aedes aegypti, tetranychus urticae and cerataphis lataniae.the encapsulated essential oils (eos) of piper aduncum l. and piper hispidinervum c. dc. in gelatin nanoparticles were evaluated against aedes aegypti linn., tetranychus urticae koch and cerataphis lataniae boisd.201929971785
human blood as the only source of aedes aegypti in churches from merida, yucatan, mexico. 201929916450
efficacy of lysinibacillus sphaericus against mixed-cultures of field-collected and laboratory larvae of aedes aegypti and culex quinquefasciatus.lysinibacillus sphaericus (bacillales: planococcaceae) is a spore-forming bacillus used for the biological control of mosquitoes (diptera: culicidae) due to its larvicidal activity determined by various toxins and s-layer protein produced either during sporulation or by the vegetative cell. aedes aegypti and culex quinquefasciatus are the vectors of arboviruses that cause tropical diseases representing a current public health problem. both species may coexist in the same larval development sites ...201929784071
lippia gracilis essential oil in β-cyclodextrin inclusion complexes: an environmentally safe formulation to control aedes aegypti of the most efficient ways to prevent arboviruses, such as dengue fever, yellow fever, chikungunya and zika, is by controlling their vector, the aedes aegypti. because this vector is becoming resistant to most larvicides used, the development of new larvicides should be considered. β-cyclodextrin (β-cd) complexes have been investigated as an interesting way of enabling the use of essential oils in water as larvicides. this study comprised the development of lippia gracilis essential oil (lge ...201929998608
pan-american league of associations for rheumatology-central american, caribbean and andean rheumatology association consensus-conference endorsements and recommendations on the diagnosis and treatment of chikungunya-related inflammatory arthropathies in latin america.although mortality rates related with chikungunya (chik) outbreaks in latin america's (la's) dengue-endemic rural and new urban regions are low, dealing with symptoms and sequelae can both produce a significant burden of disease and diminish quality of life-from many months to years-after the acute phase of the infection, with a significant impact on public and individual health.the aim of this work was to establish pan-american league of associations for rheumatology-central american, caribbean ...201930028809
vertebrate hosts of aedes aegypti, aedes albopictus, and culex quinquefasciatus (diptera: culicidae) as potential vectors of zika virus in florida.zika virus (zikv), once considered an obscure pathogen, spread rapidly from 2014 to 2016 to become an internationally notifiable condition of major public health concern. the relative importance of various culex and aedes species mosquitoes (diptera: culicidae) in zikv transmission is a topic of debate. quantifying host use is important in determining the vectorial capacity of a mosquito species for transmitting zikv in nature. in the united states, few data are available on host use of aedes ae ...201930165498
a comparison of mosquito densities, weather and infection rates of aedes aegypti during the first epidemics of chikungunya (2014) and zika (2016) in areas with and without vector control in puerto puerto rico, the first records of the transmission of chikungunya (chikv) and zika (zikv) viruses were confirmed in may 2014 and december 2015, respectively. transmission of chikv peaked in september 2014, whereas that of zikv peaked in august 2016. the emergence of these mosquito-transmitted arboviruses in the context of a lack of human population immunity allowed observations of whether the outbreaks were associated with aedes aegypti (diptera: culicidae) densities and weather. mosquito den ...201930225842
the intrinsically disordered c-terminal f domain of the ecdysteroid receptor from aedes aegypti exhibits metal ion-binding ability.the dominant vector of dengue and zika diseases is a female aedes aegypti mosquito. its reproduction is controlled by the formation of an active heterodimer complex of the 20-hydroxyecdysone receptor (ecr) and ultraspiracle protein (usp). although ecr exhibits a structural and functional organization typical of nuclear receptors (nrs), the ecr c-terminus has an additional f domain (aafecr) that is rarely present in the nrs superfamily. the presence of f domains is evolutionarily not well conserv ...201930243841
evaluation of aib and peg-polymer insect kinin analogs on mosquito and tick gpcrs identifies potent new pest management tools with potentially enhanced biostability and bioavailability.insect kinins modulate aspects of diuresis, digestion, development, and sugar taste perception in tarsi and labellar sensilla in mosquitoes. they are, however, subject to rapid biological degradation by endogenous invertebrate peptidases. a series of α-aminoisobutyric (aib) acid-containing insect kinin analogs incorporating sequences native to the aedes aegypti mosquito aedeskinins were evaluated on two recombinant kinin invertebrate receptors stably expressed in cell lines, discovering a number ...201930107140
phytochemical analysis of rhazya stricta extract and its use in fabrication of silver nanoparticles effective against mosquito vectors and microbial pathogens.worldwide, billions of people are at risk from viruses, parasites and bacteria transmitted by mosquitoes, ticks, fleas and other vectors. over exploitation of chemical pesticides to overcome the mosquito borne diseases led to detrimental effects on environment and human health. the present research aims to explore bio-fabrication of metal silver nanomaterials using rhazya stricta extract against deadly mosquito vectors and microbial pathogens. the phytochemical profile of the r. stricta extracts ...202031655455
insecticidal and mosquito repellent efficacy of the essential oils from stem bark and wood of hazomalania voyronii.the use of hazomalania voyronii, popularly known as hazomalana, to repel mosquitoes and resist against insect attacks is handed down from generation to generation in madagascar. in the present study, we investigated the ability of the essential oils (eos) obtained from the stem wood, fresh and dry bark of h. voyronii to keep important mosquito vectors (aedes aegypti and culex quinquefasciatus) away, as well as their toxicity on three insect species of agricultural and public health importance (c ...202031654797
molecular detection of dengue virus in mosquitoes as an early indicator to aid in the prevention of human infection in endemic areas.human cases of dengue virus based on the national dengue control plan were compared with the molecular detection of the dengue virus in trapped mosquitoes, verifying the prediction and efficacy potentials of vector control between the two methodologies in a city with three endemic frontiers. molecular detection of dengue virus in trapped mosquitoes was significantly higher than in human cases (p = 0.0435). thus, molecular detection could be used as an early indicator to help prevent more human c ...202031697613
the role of lulopat amino acid/proton symporters in midgut alkalinization in the sandfly lutzomyia longipalpis (diptera - psychodidae).in lutzomyia longipalpis females, which are the main vectors of leishmania infantum in the americas, hematophagy is crucial for ovary development. the control of ph in the midgut during blood digestion is important to the functioning of the digestive enzymes, which release amino acids in the luminal compartment that are then transported through the enterocytes to the hemolymph for delivery to the ovary and other organs. in the present work, we investigated transport systems known as lulopats tha ...202031715141
glycolytic profile shift and antioxidant triggering in symbiont-free and h2o2-resistant strigomonas culicis.during their life cycle, trypanosomatids are exposed to stress conditions and adapt their energy and antioxidant metabolism to colonize their hosts. strigomonas culicis is a monoxenous protist found in invertebrates with an endosymbiotic bacterium that completes essential biosynthetic pathways for the trypanosomatid. our research group previously generated a wild-type h2o2-resistant (wtr) strain that showed improved mitochondrial metabolism and antioxidant defenses, which led to higher rates of ...202031760093
larval exposure to bacteria modulates arbovirus infection and immune gene expression in adult aedes we have investigated whether bacterial challenges to larval stages of aedes aegypti can influence the adults' immune and vector competence for dengue and zika viruses. we show that larval exposure to live bacillus thuringiensis berliner and enterobacter ludwigii can result in the modulation of virus infection at the adult stage in the absence of bacterial carry-over between the two developmental stages. we observed a significant reduction in virus infection intensity in the mosquitoes expos ...202031726064
measuring the host-seeking ability of aedes aegypti destined for field seeking is an essential process in mosquito reproduction. field releases of modified mosquitoes for population replacement rely on successful host seeking by female mosquitoes, but host-seeking ability is rarely tested in a realistic context. we tested the host-seeking ability of female aedes aegypti mosquitoes using a semi-field system. females with different wolbachia infection types (wmel-, walbb-infected, and uninfected) or from different origins (laboratory and field) were released at ...202031769394
discovery of 1,2,4-oxadiazole derivatives as a novel class of noncompetitive inhibitors of 3-hydroxykynurenine transaminase (hkt) from aedes aegypti.the mosquito aedes aegypti is the vector of arboviruses such as zika, chikungunya, dengue and yellow fever. these infectious diseases have a major impact on public health. the unavailability of effective vaccines or drugs to prevent or treat most of these diseases makes vector control the main form of prevention. one strategy to promote mosquito population control is the use of synthetic insecticides to inhibit key enzymes in the metabolic pathway of these insects, particularly during larval sta ...202031864777
evolution of the innate and adaptive immune response in women with acute zika virus infection.zika virus (zikv) is a flavivirus that is closely related to other human pathogens, such as dengue virus (denv)1. primary transmission usually involves aedes aegypti, which has expanded its distribution range considerably2, although rarer infection routes, including mother-to-fetus transmission, sexual contact and blood transfusion, have also been observed3-7. primary zikv infection is usually asymptomatic or mild in adults, with quickly resolved blood viraemia, but zikv might persist for months ...202031792427
aedes aegypti insecticide resistance underlies the success (and failure) of wolbachia population replacement.mosquitoes that carry wolbachia endosymbionts may help control the spread of arboviral diseases, such as dengue, zika and chikungunya. wolbachia frequencies systematically increase only when the frequency-dependent advantage due to cytoplasmic incompatibility exceeds frequency-independent costs, which may be intrinsic to the wolbachia and/or can be associated with the genetic background into which wolbachia are introduced. costs depend on field conditions such as the environmental pesticide load ...202031919396
sequencing of zikv genomes directly from ae. aegypti and cx. quinquefasciatus mosquitoes collected during the 2015-16 epidemics in recife.zika virus (zikv) is a negative sense rna virus from the flaviviridae family, which was relatively unknown until the first human epidemic in micronesia, in 2007. since its spread to french polynesia and the americas. recife, the capital of pernambuco state and epicenter of the zika epidemic in brazil, experienced a large number of microcephaly cases and other congenital abnormalities associated to the zikv infection from, 2015 to 16. evidences suggest that both aedes aegypti and culex quinquefas ...202031918041
development, larvicide activity, and toxicity in nontarget species of the croton linearis jacq essential oil this study, the essential oil (eo) from leaves of croton linearis jacq was extracted and characterized by gc/ms. the eo hydrophilic-lipophilic balance required (rhlb) for nanoemulsion (ne) development was determined by the griffin' method. for evaluating the larvicidal effect against aedes aegypti, the preparation process of ne was optimized, using a central composite design. it was also evaluated the possible toxic effect of ne in nontarget species. the leaves of c. linearis contain 1.50% of ...202031916152
chemosensation: hate mosquitoes? peel beetroots!finding the right lure for trapping pest insects is difficult. the typical smell of rain and humid soil, geosmin, now turns out to be a strong attractant for the yellow fever mosquito aedes aegypti.202031910367
geographic shifts in the bioclimatic suitability for aedes aegypti under climate change scenarios in colombia.the dengue, chikungunya and zika viruses are arboviruses predominantly transmitted to humans through the bite of the female mosquito aedes aegypti. currently, the vector represents a potential epidemiological risk in several latin american and pacific countries. however, little is known about the geographical distribution and bioclimatic suitability of this mosquito in the projected climate change scenarios in colombia. using a species distribution model of maximum entropy (maxent) based on pres ...202031909268
surveillance for zika in mexico: naturally infected mosquitoes in urban and semi-urban areas.zika cases have been reported in 29 out of the 32 states of mexico. information regarding which mosquito species might be driving zika virus transmission/maintenance in nature must be regularly updated. from january 2017 to november 2018, mosquitoes were collected indoors and outdoors using the cdc backpack aspirator in urban and semi-urban areas with evidence of mosquito-borne disease transmission. 3873 mosquito pools were tested for zika infection using the cdc trioplex real-time rt-pcr. for e ...202031902313
mosquito iridescent virus: new records from nature and infections using strelkovimermis spiculatus (mermithidae) as a vector under laboratory conditions.iridoviridae is a dna virus family that affects both vertebrates and invertebrates. immature aquatic stages of many dipteran species infected with iridovirus have been found in different places worldwide. the most represented genera of the culicidae family are aedes and psorophora. to date, sixteen species of aedes naturally infected with iridoviruses have been reported. moreover, there are four records for the genus psorophora, one for culiseta, and two for culex. in this paper, we report two n ...202031903519
annona muricata: an alternate mosquito control agent with special reference to inhibition of detoxifying enzymes in aedes aegypti.this study was aimed to investigate an effectual level of annona muricata (soursop) extracts on mosquito vectors namely, aedes aegypti, anopheles stephensi and culex quinquefasciatus. the toxicity study on non-target organism and other important biochemical marker enzymes to find and illustrate the exact mechanism of specific enzymes responsible for detoxifying allelochemicals. among the various soursop seed kernel extracts tested for larvicidal activity, the 0.9% saline extract exhibited maximu ...202031816498
geosmin attracts aedes aegypti mosquitoes to oviposition sites.geosmin is one of the most recognizable and common microbial smells on the planet. some insects, like mosquitoes, require microbial-rich environments for their progeny, whereas for other insects such microbes may prove dangerous. in the vinegar fly drosophila melanogaster, geosmin is decoded in a remarkably precise fashion and induces aversion, presumably signaling the presence of harmful microbes [1]. we have here investigated the effect of geosmin on the behavior of the yellow fever mosquito a ...202031839454
the olfactory basis of orchid pollination by mosquitoes.mosquitoes are important vectors of disease and require sources of carbohydrates for reproduction and survival. unlike host-related behaviors of mosquitoes, comparatively less is understood about the mechanisms involved in nectar-feeding decisions, or how this sensory information is processed in the mosquito brain. here we show that aedes spp. mosquitoes, including aedes aegypti, are effective pollinators of the platanthera obtusata orchid, and demonstrate this mutualism is mediated by the orchi ...202031871198
cytotoxic and larvicidal activities of stemona alkaloids from the aerial parts and roots of stemona curtisii hook.f.a new stemona alkaloid glycoside derivative, 6-hydroxy-5,6-seco-stemocurtisinoside (4), was isolated from the ethanolic extract of the aerial parts of stemona curtisii hook.f., together with stemocurtisine (1), (11z)-1',2'-didehydrostemofoline (2) and 6-hydroxy-5,6-seco-stemocurtisine (3). whereas, stemocurtisine (1), stemocurtisinol (5) and oxyprotostemonine (6) were isolated from the roots. their structures were elucidated using 1d and 2d nmr spectroscopy as well as ms experiments. the extract ...202031899956
excito-repellency activity of andrographis paniculata (lamiales: acanthaceae) against colonized mosquitoes.excito-repellency activity of plant extracts have been increasingly studied as mosquito repellents. in this study, the crude extract of andrographis paniculata was evaluated for its noncontact repellency, contact excitation (irritancy + repellency), and knockdown/toxicity response against five colonized mosquitoes; aedes aegypti (l.), aedes albopictus (skuse), anopheles dirus peyton & harrison, anopheles epiroticus linton & harbach, and culex quinquefasciatus say (diptera: culicidae) using an ex ...202031550361
the global expansion of dengue: how aedes aegypti mosquitoes enabled the first pandemic arbovirus.dengue is an emerging viral disease principally transmitted by the aedes (stegomyia) aegypti mosquito. it is one of the fastest-growing global infectious diseases, with 100-400 million new infections a year, and is now entrenched in a growing number of tropical megacities. behind this rapid rise is the simple adaptation of ae. aegypti to a new entomological niche carved out by human habitation. this review describes the expansion of dengue and explores how key changes in the ecology of ae. aegyp ...202031594415
chikungunya virus: role of vectors in emergence from enzootic cycles.chikungunya virus (chikv), a re-emerging mosquito-borne arbovirus, has caused millions of cases of severe, often chronic arthralgia during recent outbreaks. in africa, circulation in sylvatic, enzootic cycles involves several species of arboreal mosquito vectors that transmit among diverse nonhuman primates and possibly other amplifying hosts. most disease occurs when chikv emerges into a human-amplified cycle involving aedes aegypti and sometimes aedes albopictus transmission and extensive spre ...202031594410
control of the 2018-2019 dengue fever outbreak in oman: a country previously without local december 2018, routine surveillance identified an autochthonous outbreak of dengue fever in muscat governorate, oman, a region previously free of dengue fever.202031639520
reduced effectiveness of repellents in a pyrethroid-resistant strain of aedes aegypti (diptera: culicidae) and its correlation with olfactory sensitivity.the mosquito, aedes aegypti (diptera: culicidae), is a vector of dengue fever, zika, chikungunya, and yellow fever viruses, and in many areas possesses significant levels of resistance to pyrethroids. behavioral performance was assessed in 15, 30, and 60 min exposures in a high throughput vapor phase spatial repellency assay to three contact repellent standards: n,n-diethyl-3-methylbenzamide (deet), ethyl 3-[acetyl(butyl)amino] propanoate (ir3535), and 2-undecanone, as well as pyrethrum extract, ...202031338960
distribution and frequency of the kdr mutation v410l in natural populations of aedes aegypti (l.) (diptera: culicidae) from eastern and southern mexico.aedes aegypti (l.) is the primary vector of the viruses that cause dengue, zika, and chikungunya, for which effective vaccines and drugs are still lacking. current strategies for suppressing arbovirus outbreaks based on insecticide use pose a challenge because of the rapid increase in resistance. the widespread and excessive use of pyrethroid-based insecticides has created a large selection pressure for a kdr-type resistance, caused by mutations in the para gene of the voltage-gated sodium chann ...202031504686
mapping aedes aegypti (diptera: culicidae) and aedes albopictus vector mosquito distribution in brownsville, tx.aedes mosquitoes are vectors of several emerging diseases and are spreading worldwide. we investigated the spatiotemporal dynamics of aedes aegypti (linnaeus) and aedes albopictus (skuse) mosquito trap captures in brownsville, tx, using high-resolution land cover, socioeconomic, and meteorological data. we modeled mosquito trap counts using a bayesian hierarchical mixed-effects model with spatially correlated residuals. the models indicated an inverse relationship between temperature and mosquit ...202031400202
adaptation to temperate climates: evidence of photoperiod-induced embryonic dormancy in aedes aegypti in south america.dormancy is a developmental arrest in arthropods, in response to unfavorable conditions in temporally varying environments. in aedes aegypti, the supposed inability of eggs to inhibit hatching has been used to explain the restriction of this species to tropical and subtropical regions. however, the geographic range of ae. aegypti is constantly expanding towards temperate regions. thus, the aim of the present study was to assess the ability of ae. aegypti individuals from a temperate region (buen ...202031125550
assessment of hymenoptera and non-hymenoptera insect bite and sting allergy among patients of tropical region of west bengal, india.west bengal, india, is inhabited by abundance and variety of insects that triggers sensitization in some humans to inhalant allergens and/or insect stings/venoms. lack of research on this topic prevented accurate diagnosis and proper follow-up treatments to patients suffering from insect-induced allergies. the aim of our study was to identify the allergy-causing insects and evaluate resulting sensitization among a study population in west bengal, india. the skin prick test (spt) evaluated sensit ...202031228205
conservation of the voltage-sensitive sodium channel protein within the insecta.the voltage-sensitive sodium channel (vssc) is essential for the generation and propagation of action potentials. vssc kinetics can be modified by producing different splice variants. the functionality of vssc depends on features such as the voltage sensors, the selectivity filter and the inactivation loop. mutations in vssc conferring resistance to pyrethroid insecticides are known as knockdown resistance (kdr). we analysed the conservation of vssc in both a broad scope and a narrow scope by th ...202031206812
detection of fluorescent powders and their effect on survival and recapture of aedes aegypti (diptera: culicidae).the use of insect markers, such as fluorescent powders, is a useful tool for studying ecological and epidemiological questions. evaluating their effect on vectors of human disease agents, such as the invasive mosquito vector aedes aegypti (linnaeus), is crucial for their practical and reliable use, especially in parameters linked to the risk of disease transmission such as adult survival, dispersal, and host-seeking. seven fluorescent powders (hercules radiant, dayglo (dg), risk reactor (rr), an ...202031587060
function of aedes aegypti galectin-6 in modulation of cry11aa toxicity.galectins are a family of β-galactoside binding proteins, and insect galectins play a role in immune responses and may also affect cry toxin activity. in this study, we aimed to further understand the function and molecular mechanism of aedes aegypti galectin-6 in modulation of cry11aa toxicity. a. aegypti galectin-6 was cloned, and the recombinant galectin-6 was expressed and purified. bioassays indicated that galectin-6 could reduce the toxicity of cry11aa, protecting a. aegypti larvae. to det ...202031836060
towards the optimization of botanical insecticides research: aedes aegypti larvicidal natural products in french guiana.natural products have proven to be an immeasurable source of bioactive compounds. the exceptional biodiversity encountered in amazonia, alongside a rich entomofauna and frequent interactions with various herbivores is the crucible of a promising chemodiversity. this prompted us to search for novel botanical insecticides in french guiana. as this french overseas department faces severe issues linked to insects, notably the strong incidence of vector-borne infectious diseases, we decided to focus ...202031539525
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