PMID(sorted ascending)
assessments of influences of a prolific gut fungus (zancudomyces culisetae) on larval and adult mosquito (aedes aegypti) - associated mosquitoes inherit a bacterial community from larvae via transstadial transmission, an understudied process that may influence host-microbe interactions. microbes contribute to important host life history traits, and analyzing transmitted microbial communities, the interrelationship between larval and adult-associated microbiota, and factors influencing host-microbe relationships are targets for research. during its larval stage, the yellow fever mosquito (aedes aegypti) hosts the trichomy ...201931757825
glycolytic profile shift and antioxidant triggering in symbiont-free and h2o2-resistant strigomonas culicis.during their life cycle, trypanosomatids are exposed to stress conditions and adapt their energy and antioxidant metabolism to colonize their hosts. strigomonas culicis is a monoxenous protist found in invertebrates with an endosymbiotic bacterium that completes essential biosynthetic pathways for the trypanosomatid. our research group previously generated a wild-type h2o2-resistant (wtr) strain that showed improved mitochondrial metabolism and antioxidant defenses, which led to higher rates of ...202031760093
co2 per se activates carbon dioxide receptors.carbon dioxide has been used in traps for more than six decades to monitor mosquito populations and help make informed vector management decisions. co2 is sensed by gustatory receptors (grs) housed in neurons in the maxillary palps. co2-sensitive grs have been identified from the vinegar fly and mosquitoes, but it remains to be resolved whether these receptors respond to co2 or bicarbonate. as opposed to the vinegar fly, mosquitoes have three gr subunits, but it is assumed that subunits gr1 and ...201931760135
establishment of wolbachia strain walbb in malaysian populations of aedes aegypti for dengue control.dengue has enormous health impacts globally. a novel approach to decrease dengue incidence involves the introduction of wolbachia endosymbionts that block dengue virus transmission into populations of the primary vector mosquito, aedes aegypti. the wmel wolbachia strain has previously been trialed in open releases of ae. aegypti; however, the walbb strain has been shown to maintain higher density than wmel at high larval rearing temperatures. releases of ae. aegypti mosquitoes carrying walbb wer ...201931761702
semi-field assessment of spinosad in combination with altosid briquet and dudim dt tablets against aedes aegypti mosquito larvae reared in pond water.this study aims at evaluating the larvicidal efficacy of slow-release formulations of bacterial insecticide spinosad blended with two insect growth regulators (igrs), altosid xr-briquets and dudim dt tablets against mosquito larvae of aedes aegypti. this insect is the cause of dengue arthropod-borne viral disease. treatment based on vector control using chemicals poses risks to human and environment, while the strategy based on the use of natural products poses lower risks. the results of the pr ...201931762652
corrigendum: supersensitive odorant receptor underscores pleiotropic roles of indoles in mosquito ecology.[this corrects the article doi: 10.3389/fncel.2018.00533.].201931762737
measuring the host-seeking ability of aedes aegypti destined for field seeking is an essential process in mosquito reproduction. field releases of modified mosquitoes for population replacement rely on successful host seeking by female mosquitoes, but host-seeking ability is rarely tested in a realistic context. we tested the host-seeking ability of female aedes aegypti mosquitoes using a semi-field system. females with different wolbachia infection types (wmel-, walbb-infected, and uninfected) or from different origins (laboratory and field) were released at ...202031769394
the enemy of my enemy: multiple interacting selection pressures lead to unexpected anti-predator responses.despite being a major selective force, predation can induce puzzling variability in anti-predator responses-from lack of predator aversion to lifelong predator-induced fear. this variability is hypothesised to result from variation in the trade-offs associated with avoiding predators. but critical information on fitness outcomes of these trade-offs associated with anti-predator behaviours is lacking. we tested this trade-off hypothesis in aedes aegypti, by examining oviposition site selection de ...201931773313
the expanding pattern of aedes aegypti in southern yunnan, china: insights from microsatellite and mitochondrial dna markers.aedes aegypti, the vector of dengue fever, was first reported in yunnan in 2002. now, this species is found in nine counties in border areas of south-west yunnan. related dengue fever outbreaks have been reported since 2013. the population genetics of ae. aegypti in these areas were studied to explain the expansion history of this species.201931775906
reversal of resistance to the larvicide temephos in an aedes aegypti (diptera: culicidae) laboratory strain from cuba.the objective of this investigation was to know whether the organophosphate temephos resistance developed in larvae from a laboratory strain of aedes aegypti (linnaeus, 1762) from cuba could be reversed. the resistant laboratory strain of ae. aegypti, named san-f6, was left without temephos selection pressure for 12 generations. the level of temephos resistance was determined using who bioassays and mechanisms of metabolic resistance were determined based on enzyme activity levels detected by bi ...201931788689
crispr/cas9-mediated gene deletion of the ompa gene in symbiotic cedecea neteri impairs biofilm formation and reduces gut colonization of aedes aegypti mosquitoes.symbiotic bacteria are pervasive in mosquitoes and their presence can influence many host phenotypes that affect vectoral capacity. while it is evident that environmental and host genetic factors contribute in shaping the microbiome of mosquitoes, we have a poor understanding regarding how bacterial genetics affects colonization of the mosquito gut. the crispr/cas9 gene editing system is a powerful tool to alter bacterial genomes facilitating investigations into host-microbe interactions but has ...201931790395
intra-host growth kinetics of dengue virus in the mosquito aedes aegypti.dengue virus (denv) transmission by mosquitoes is a time-dependent process that begins with the consumption of an infectious blood-meal. denv infection then proceeds stepwise through the mosquito from the midgut to the carcass, and ultimately to the salivary glands, where it is secreted into saliva and then transmitted anew on a subsequent bite. we examined viral kinetics in tissues of the aedes aegypti mosquito over a finely graded time course, and as per previous studies, found that initial vi ...201931790509
evolution of the innate and adaptive immune response in women with acute zika virus infection.zika virus (zikv) is a flavivirus that is closely related to other human pathogens, such as dengue virus (denv)1. primary transmission usually involves aedes aegypti, which has expanded its distribution range considerably2, although rarer infection routes, including mother-to-fetus transmission, sexual contact and blood transfusion, have also been observed3-7. primary zikv infection is usually asymptomatic or mild in adults, with quickly resolved blood viraemia, but zikv might persist for months ...202031792427
cdte-gsh as luminescent biomarker for labeling the larvicidal action of wsmol lectin in aedes aegypti larvae.mosquito-borne arboviruses compromise human health worldwide. due to resistance to chemical insecticides, natural compounds have been studied to combat mosquitoes. previous works have demonstrated a larvicidal activity of the water-soluble moringa oleifera lectin (wsmol) against aedes aegypti, suggesting a mechanism of action based on the interaction between lectin and chitin present in the larvae's peritrophic matrix. in this work, it was investigated the wsmol activity against aedes aegypti la ...201931796242
drug repurposing of bromodomain inhibitors as potential novel therapeutic leads for lymphatic filariasis guided by multispecies better understand the transcriptomic interplay of organisms associated with lymphatic filariasis, we conducted multispecies transcriptome sequencing (rna-seq) on the filarial nematode brugia malayi, its wolbachia endosymbiont wbm, and its laboratory vector aedes aegypti across the entire b. malayi life cycle. in wbm, transcription of the noncoding 6s rna suggests that it may be a regulator of bacterial cell growth, as its transcript levels correlate with bacterial replication rates. for a. ae ...201931796568
investigating male aedes aegypti (diptera: culicidae) attraction to different oviposition containers using various configurations of the sound gravid aedes trap.aedes aegypti (linnaeus), the primary vectors of the arboviruses dengue virus and zika virus, continue to expand their global distributions. in efforts to better control such species, several mosquito control programs are investigating the efficacy of rearing and releasing millions of altered male aedes throughout landscapes to reduce populations and disease transmission risk. unfortunately, little is known about ae. aegypti, especially male, dispersal behaviors within urban habitats. we deploye ...201931799614
[river boats as a means of expansion of aedes aegypti towards border zones of the peruvian amazon].to assess the entomological risk of aedes aegypti in boats traversing border river routes in loreto.201931800930
diterpenes and their derivatives as promising agents against dengue virus and dengue vectors: a literature-based review.dengue, a mosquito-borne viral disease, causes about 100 million cases of infection annually. it is a major public concern, and if left untreated or improperly diagnosed, may cause serious health problems or even death. historically, dengue has not considered priorities for pharmaceutical companies made the available treatment options. therefore, medicinal scientists are revealing new insights and enabling novel interventions and approaches to dengue prevention and control. diterpenes, a class o ...201931802573
finding the sweet spot: what levels of larval mortality lead to compensation or overcompensation in adult production?extrinsic mortality impinging on negatively density-dependent populations can result in no change in the number of survivors (compensation) or an increase (overcompensation) by releasing the population from density-dependent effects on survivorship. the relationship between the level of extrinsic mortality (i.e., percentage of mortality) and the level and likelihood of overcompensation is theoretically important, but rarely investigated. we tested the hypothesis that overcompensation occurs belo ...201931803516
the consequences of brugia malayi infection on the flight and energy resources of aedes aegypti mosquitoes.evidence from experimental infection studies has shown that infected mosquitoes exhibit altered host-seeking behaviours, with suppression and activation of behaviours dependent on the parasite's development stage. the mechanisms are poorly characterised; however, infections can impact mosquito energy reserves, thereby influencing key life-history traits and behaviours. in addition, filarial infection is likely detrimental to flight due to damage caused by developing worms. this study aimed to ev ...201931804546
malaria and dengue mosquito vectors from lao pdr show a lack of the rdl mutant allele responsible for cyclodiene insecticide resistance.the gamma-aminobutyric acid (gaba) receptor, rdl, plays important roles in neuronal signaling and is the target of highly effective insecticides. a mutation in rdl, commonly a296s, underlies resistance to several insecticides such as cyclodienes. even though the use of cyclodienes has been banned, the occurrence of mutations substituting a296 is notably high in mosquitoes from several countries. here, we report a survey investigating the prevalence of the rdl mutant allele in mosquitoes from lao ...201931807752
assessment of aedes aegypti (diptera: culicidae) males flight ability for sit application: effect of device design, duration of test, and male age.the sterile insect technique (sit) is a pest control method where large numbers of sterile males are released to induce sterility in wild populations. since a successful sit application depends on the released sterile males being competitive with wild males, standard quality control tests are a necessary component of any sit program. flight ability (ability to fly out from a device) is a reliable indicator of insect quality. based on previous studies, we developed four new tubular devices constr ...201931808821
cryo-electron microscopy reveals that sperm modification coincides with female fertility in the mosquito aedes aegypti.manipulating mosquito reproduction is a promising approach to reducing mosquito populations and the burden of diseases they carry. a thorough understanding of reproductive processes is necessary to develop such strategies, but little is known about how sperm are processed and prepared for fertilization within female mosquitoes. by employing cryo-electron microscopy for the first time to study sperm of the mosquito aedes aegypti, we reveal that sperm shed their entire outer coat, the glycocalyx, ...201931811199
glopid-r report on chikungunya, o'nyong-nyong and mayaro virus, part 5: entomological aspects.the glopid-r (global research collaboration for infectious disease preparedness) chikungunya (chikv), o'nyong-nyong (onnv) and mayaro virus (mayv) working group has been established to investigate natural history, epidemiology and clinical aspects of infection by these viruses. here, we present a report dedicated to entomological aspects of chikv, onnv and mayv. recent global expansion of chikungunya virus has been possible because chikv established a transmission cycle in urban settings using a ...201931812638
geographical distribution of aedes aegypti aegypti and aedes aegypti formosus (diptera: culicidae) in kenya and environmental factors related to their relative abundance.the mosquito aedes aegypti (l.) is the primary vector of various infectious viruses and is typified by a polymorphic color and abundance of white scales on the body. it has been conventionally separated into two subspecies, ae. aeg. formosus (walker) (aaf) and ae. aeg. aegypti (l.) (aaa), with aaf considered a 'sylvan' form and aaa a 'domestic' form. because the two subspecies show different susceptibilities to dengue viruses it is important to understand their distribution. in this study, we co ...201931815285
genetic diversity of laboratory strains and implications for research: the case of aedes aegypti.the yellow fever mosquito (aedes aegypti), is the primary vector of dengue, zika, and chikungunya fever, among other arboviral diseases. it is also a popular laboratory model in vector biology due to its ease of rearing and manipulation in the lab. established laboratory strains have been used worldwide in thousands of studies for decades. laboratory evolution of reference strains and contamination among strains are potential severe problems that could dramatically change experimental outcomes a ...201931815934
dengue virus reduces agpat1 expression to alter phospholipids and enhance infection in aedes aegypti.more than half of the world population is at risk of dengue virus (denv) infection because of the global distribution of its mosquito vectors. denv is an envelope virus that relies on host lipid membranes for its life-cycle. here, we characterized how denv hijacks the mosquito lipidome to identify targets for novel transmission-blocking interventions. to describe metabolic changes throughout the mosquito denv cycle, we deployed a liquid chromatography-high resolution mass spectrometry (lc-hrms) ...201931815960
annona muricata: an alternate mosquito control agent with special reference to inhibition of detoxifying enzymes in aedes aegypti.this study was aimed to investigate an effectual level of annona muricata (soursop) extracts on mosquito vectors namely, aedes aegypti, anopheles stephensi and culex quinquefasciatus. the toxicity study on non-target organism and other important biochemical marker enzymes to find and illustrate the exact mechanism of specific enzymes responsible for detoxifying allelochemicals. among the various soursop seed kernel extracts tested for larvicidal activity, the 0.9% saline extract exhibited maximu ...202031816498
natural infection of aedes aegypti by chikungunya and dengue type 2 virus in a transition area of north-northeast brazil.dengue fever, chikungunya, and zika are diseases caused by viruses transmitted by aedes aegypti and aedes albopictus. in brazil, the number of human infections is high, but few studies are performed in mosquito vectors. this study aimed to investigate the presence of zika, dengue and chikungunya viruses in ae. aegypti and ae. albopictus from the municipalities of alto alegre, caxias, codó, and são mateus do maranhão, located in the state of maranhão, northeast brazil. the mosquitoes were collect ...201931817553
successive blood meals enhance virus dissemination within mosquitoes and increase transmission potential.the recent zika virus (zikv) and chikungunya virus epidemics highlight the explosive nature of arthropod-borne viruses (arboviruses) transmitted by aedes spp. mosquitoes1,2. vector competence and the extrinsic incubation period (eip) are two key entomological parameters used to assess the public health risk posed by arboviruses3. these are typically measured empirically by offering mosquitoes an infectious blood meal and temporally sampling mosquitoes to determine the infection and transmission ...201931819213
zika virus: a possible emerging threat for bangladesh!zika virus, a member of flaviviridae is the etiology of zika or zika fever or zika virus (zikv) disease characterized by mild symptoms similar to very mild form of dengue or chikungunya. the virus transmits through aedes mosquitoes, particularly by aedes aegypti. the most dangerous effect of zikv infection is the ability of the virus to cause microcephaly and congenital malformation to the newborn baby if the mother is infected. the neurological disorders including guillain-barré syndrome might ...201931819889
social capital is associated with lower mosquito vector indices: secondary analysis from a cluster randomised controlled trial of community mobilisation for dengue prevention in mexico.control of the aedes aegypti mosquito is central to reducing the risk of dengue, zika, chikungunya, and yellow fever. randomised controlled trials, including the camino verde trial in mexico and nicaragua, demonstrate the convincing impact of community mobilisation interventions on vector indices. these interventions might work through building social capital but little is known about the relationship between social capital and vector indices.201931823786
effects of larval diets and temperature regimes on life history traits, energy reserves and temperature tolerance of male aedes aegypti (diptera: culicidae): optimizing rearing techniques for the sterile insect programmes.producing high quality sterile males is vital in aedes aegypti rear-and-release birth control strategies. larval diets, rearing temperatures, and their interactions determine the accumulation rates of essential nutrients in larvae, but these factors have been understudied in relation to mass-rearing techniques for producing eminent males.201931823817
distribution of insecticide resistance and mechanisms involved in the arbovirus vector aedes aegypti in laos and implication for vector control.the yellow fever mosquito aedes aegypti is the major vector of dengue, yellow fever, zika, and chikungunya viruses. worldwide vector control is largely based on insecticide treatments but, unfortunately, vector control programs are facing operational challenges due to mosquitoes becoming resistant to commonly used insecticides. in southeast asia, resistance of ae. aegypti to chemical insecticides has been documented in several countries but no data regarding insecticide resistance has been repor ...201931830027
genome sequences of chikungunya virus isolates from an outbreak in southwest bangkok in outbreak of chikungunya virus (chikv) infection occurred in southwest bangkok during the 2018 rainy season. the envelope glycoprotein e1 gene sequence of the infecting strain belonged to an east/central/south african lineage with alanine at residue 226. mutations in the predicted e1 (k211e) and e2 (v264a) proteins of chikv were identified in chikv-infected patients and in an aedes aegypti mosquito. analysis of the complete genome sequences showed marked differences from the strains causing pr ...201931834526
function of aedes aegypti galectin-6 in modulation of cry11aa toxicity.galectins are a family of β-galactoside binding proteins, and insect galectins play a role in immune responses and may also affect cry toxin activity. in this study, we aimed to further understand the function and molecular mechanism of aedes aegypti galectin-6 in modulation of cry11aa toxicity. a. aegypti galectin-6 was cloned, and the recombinant galectin-6 was expressed and purified. bioassays indicated that galectin-6 could reduce the toxicity of cry11aa, protecting a. aegypti larvae. to det ...202031836060
development of aedes aegypti (diptera: culicidae) mosquito larvae in high ammonia sewage in septic tanks causes alterations in ammonia excretion, ammonia transporter expression, and osmoregulation.larvae of the disease vector mosquito, aedes aegypti (l.) readily develop in ammonia rich sewage in the british virgin islands. to understand how the larvae survive in ammonia levels that are lethal to most animals, an examination of ammonia excretory physiology in larvae collected from septic-water and freshwater was carried out. a. aegypti larvae were found to be remarkably plastic in dealing with high external ammonia through the modulation of nh4+ excretion at the anal papillae, measured usi ...201931836747
geosmin attracts aedes aegypti mosquitoes to oviposition sites.geosmin is one of the most recognizable and common microbial smells on the planet. some insects, like mosquitoes, require microbial-rich environments for their progeny, whereas for other insects such microbes may prove dangerous. in the vinegar fly drosophila melanogaster, geosmin is decoded in a remarkably precise fashion and induces aversion, presumably signaling the presence of harmful microbes [1]. we have here investigated the effect of geosmin on the behavior of the yellow fever mosquito a ...202031839454
could land cover influence aedes aegypti mosquito populations?aedes aegypti is mainly found in urban environments, where human activity guarantees the permanent availability of potential larval habitats. the present study aimed to test for a possible association between ae. aegypti infestation and land cover classes. from 23 february to 22 may 2015, immature mosquitoes (except eggs) were sampled in artificial containers identified in dwellings in córdoba city, argentina. the proportion of each land cover class was determined by spot-5 (satellites pour 1'ob ...201931840284
nano-emulsification enhances the larvicidal potential of the essential oil of siparuna guianensis (laurales: siparunaceae) against aedes (stegomyia) aegypti (diptera: culicidae).siparuna guianensis (laurales: siparunaceae) has a terpene-rich essential oil with great potential for larvicides. the poor water miscibility of their compounds makes nano-emulsions of great interest for novel bioactive systems, including for control of aedes aegypti (diptera: culicidae). this species is adapted to urban environments with important role in the epidemiology of some arboviruses such as dengue, chikungunya fever, zika, and urban yellow fever. the aim of the present study was to eva ...201931840745
author correction: cartography of odor chemicals in the dengue vector mosquito (aedes aegypti l., diptera/culicidae).an amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via a link at the top of the paper.201931844083
antidengue potential of leaf extracts of pavetta tomentosa and tarenna asiatica (rubiaceae) against dengue virus and its vector aedes aegypti (diptera: culicidae).the aim of the present study was to screen the anti-dengue potential of crude leaf extracts of two plants from pavetta tomentosa and tarenna asiatica. for larvicidal assay, the acetone extract of both plants showed maximum effects, with the least lc50 and lc90 values (p. tomentosa (5.968 and 7.493 μg/ml) and t. asiatica (1.288 and 1.992 μg/ml)) and the same extract of both plants exhibited better pupicidal potency. the adulticidal activity of both plants (0-60 min interval periods) recorded best ...201931844692
effect of wolbachia walbb on a positive-sense rna negev-like virus: a novel virus persistently infecting aedes albopictus mosquitoes and cells.the aedes aegypti mosquito is the primary vector of several medically important arboviruses. the endosymbiotic bacterium, wolbachia pipientis, has emerged as a means of blocking transmission of arboviruses such as dengue and zika viruses. one wolbachia strain that has shown potential in field trials is walbb, a naturally occurring wolbachia strain of the asian tiger mosquito aedes albopictus. when transinfected into ae. aegypti, walbb exhibits strong virus inhibition. in addition to modulating a ...201931846415
mechanisms of transport of h+, na+ and k+, across the distal gastric caecum of larval aedes aegypti.measured changes in ion fluxes, transepithelial potential (tep) and basolateral membrane potential (vb) in response to ion transporter inhibitors were used to assess the mechanisms of transport of h+, na+ and k+, across the distal gastric caecum of larval aedes aegypti, a vector of yellow fever. preparations were stimulated with 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-ht, 10-6 m) in order to maintain stable rates of h+, na+, and k+ transport across the distal caecum. transepithelial potential (tep), basolateral ...201931846613
deducing the role of virus genome-derived piwi-associated rnas in the mosquito-arbovirus arms race.the p-element-induced wimpy testis (piwi)-associated rna (pirna) pathway is known for its role in the protection of genome integrity in the germline of drosophila melanogaster by silencing transposable elements. the pirnas that target transposons originate from pirna clusters in transposon-rich regions of the drosophila genome and are processed by three piwi family proteins. in aedes aegypti and aedes albopictus mosquitoes, which are two of the most important vectors of arthropod-borne viruses ( ...201931850054
dengue fever in lebanon: first confirmed case since 1945 and review from the region.lebanon yearly witnesses a high flux of expatriates and workers from dengue virus (denv) endemic regions. multiple cases of dengue fever have been documented at the american university of beirut medical center (aubmc) in travellers to endemic regions. given the presence of the aedes aegypti mosquito in lebanon, introduction of denv to the country is highly likely. we report a case of denv infection in lebanon diagnosed in april 2012 in a patient with no prior travel history. the patient presente ...201831851640
insecticide resistance in culex quinquefasciatus say, 1823 in brazil: a review.culex quinquefasciatus is a successful invasive species broadly distributed in subtropical regions, including brazil. it is an extremely annoying mosquito due to its nocturnal biting behavior, in high-density populations and it is a potential bridge between sylvatic arbovirus from birds to man in urban territories. herein, we present a review concerning the methods of chemical control employed against cx. quinquefasciatus in brazil since the 1950's and insecticide resistance data registered in t ...201931852489
the first characterization of a cystatin and a cathepsin l-like peptidase from aedes aegypti and their possible role in denv infection by the modulation of apoptosis.recently, a salivary gland transcriptome study demonstrated that the transcripts of a putative cystatin gene (seqid aael013287; aacystatins) from aedes aegypti were increased in denv2-infected mosquitoes and that silencing of the aacystatin gene resulted in an increase in denv titres. in this work, aacystatin was biochemically characterized; the purified recombinant inhibitor was able to inhibit typical cysteine proteases with a ki in the nm range. pulldown assays using aag2 cell extracts identi ...201931857170
leptolegnia chapmanii como alternativa biológica para el control de aedes aegyptileptolegnia chapmanii is a facultative pathogen of many species of mosquitoes, among which species of the genus aedes, culex and anopheles stand out for their medical and sanitary importance. the potential of l. chapmanii as an alternative to control lies in its virulence, pathogenicity and specificity against the larval stages of mosquitoes, and because of its harmlessness to non-target species such as fish and amphibians, among others. the natural presence of l. chapmanii had been reported in ...201931860189
age- and sex-related abc transporter expression in pyrethroid-susceptible and -resistant aedes aegypti.resistance mechanisms to synthetic insecticides often include point mutations and increased expression of genes encoding detoxification enzymes. since pyrethroids are the main adulticides used against aedes aegypti, which vectors pathogens such as zika virus, understanding resistance to this insecticide class is of significant relevance. we focused on adenosine triphosphate (atp)-binding cassette (abc) transporters in the pyrethroid-resistant puerto rico (pr) strain of ae. aegypti. we investigat ...201931862982
discovery of 1,2,4-oxadiazole derivatives as a novel class of noncompetitive inhibitors of 3-hydroxykynurenine transaminase (hkt) from aedes aegypti.the mosquito aedes aegypti is the vector of arboviruses such as zika, chikungunya, dengue and yellow fever. these infectious diseases have a major impact on public health. the unavailability of effective vaccines or drugs to prevent or treat most of these diseases makes vector control the main form of prevention. one strategy to promote mosquito population control is the use of synthetic insecticides to inhibit key enzymes in the metabolic pathway of these insects, particularly during larval sta ...202031864777
a non-conformational qsar study for plant-derived larvicides against zika aedes aegypti l. vector.a set of 263 plant-derived compounds with larvicidal activity against aedes aegypti l. (diptera: culicidae) vector is collected from the literature, and is studied by means of a non-conformational quantitative structure-activity relationships (qsar) approach. the balanced subsets method (bsm) is employed to split the complete dataset into training, validation and test sets. from 26,775 freely available molecular descriptors, the most relevant structural features of compounds affecting the bioact ...201931865579
compatibility between leptolegnia chapmanii and diflubenzuron and neem oil for the control of aedes aegypti.leptolegnia chapmanii is pathogenic to mosquito larvae. the compatibility between l. chapmanii and two insect growth regulators (igr), diflubenzuron and neem oil, was evaluated. l. chapmanii was grown on culture media containing different concentrations of each igr. the mycelial growth was significantly reduced with the highest concentrations of igr (f6,98=268, p<0.05). however, the production of zoospores (f6,56=0.93, p>0.05) and the larval mortality of aedes aegypti (f6,56=0.95, p>0.05) were n ...201931866096
associations between household environmental factors and immature mosquito abundance in quetzaltenango, guatemala.aedes aegypti-borne diseases are becoming major public health problems in tropical and sub-tropical regions. while socioeconomic status has been associated with larval mosquito abundance, the drivers or possible factors mediating this association, such as environmental factors, are yet to be identified. we examined possible associations between proximity to houses and roads and immature mosquito abundance, and assessed whether these factors and mosquito prevention measures mediated any associati ...201931870343
the olfactory basis of orchid pollination by mosquitoes.mosquitoes are important vectors of disease and require sources of carbohydrates for reproduction and survival. unlike host-related behaviors of mosquitoes, comparatively less is understood about the mechanisms involved in nectar-feeding decisions, or how this sensory information is processed in the mosquito brain. here we show that aedes spp. mosquitoes, including aedes aegypti, are effective pollinators of the platanthera obtusata orchid, and demonstrate this mutualism is mediated by the orchi ...202031871198
clustering of zika viruses originating from different geographical regions using computational sequence this report we consider a data set, which consists of 310 zika virus genome sequences taken from different continents, africa, asia and south america. the sequences, which were compiled from genbank, were derived from the host cells of different mammalian species (simiiformes, aedes opok, aedes africanus, aedes luteocephalus, aedes dalzieli, aedes aegypti, and homo sapiens). for chemometrical treatment the sequences have been represented by sequence descriptors derived from their graphs or ne ...201931878862
effect of d-allethrin aerosol and coil to the mortality of mosquitoes.commercial insecticides were widely used by communities to control the mosquito population in their houses. d-allethrin is one of insecticide ingredients widely distributed in two different concentrations namely 0.15% of aerosol and 0.3% of coil formulations. we aimed to understand the mortality of indoor mosquitoes after being exposed to d-allethrin 0.15% (aerosol) and 0.3% (coil) formulations.201931879666
spatial risk distribution of dengue based on the ecological niche model of aedes aegypti (diptera: culicidae) in the central mexican highlands.dengue is the most important viral disease transmitted by mosquitoes, predominantly aedes (stegomyia) aegypti (l.) (diptera:culicidae). forty percent of the world's population is at risk of contracting the disease, and a large area of mexico presents suitable environmental conditions for the life cycle of ae. aegypti. in particular, the central mexican highlands have a high population density, increasing the risk of transmission and propagation of dengue. in the present study, the potential dist ...201931880769
diverse sensitivities of trpa1 from different mosquito species to thermal and chemical stimuli.temperature and odors profoundly affect the behavior of animals. transient receptor potential channel, subfamily a, member 1 (trpa1) functions as a polymodal nociceptor for sensing both vital environmental cues in insects. mosquitoes are recognized as disease vectors, and many efforts have been devoted to investigations of their host-seeking behaviors and repellents. however, the physiological characteristics of mosquito trpa1 have not been systematically studied. we identified multiple alternat ...201931882848
hold your breath - differential behavioral and sensory acuity of mosquitoes to acetone and carbon seeking in the yellow fever mosquito, aedes aegypti, and the african malaria mosquito, anopheles coluzzii, relies on specific and generic host-derived odorants. previous analyses indicate that the behavioral response of these species depends differentially on the presence of carbon dioxide (co2) and other constituents in human breath for activation and attraction. in this study, we use a flight tube assay and electrophysiological analysis to assess the role of acetone, a major component of ...201931887129
risk of dengue in central africa: vector competence studies with aedes aegypti and aedes albopictus (diptera: culicidae) populations and dengue 2 virus.dengue is the most important mosquito-borne diseases worldwide but was considered scarce in west-central africa. during the last decade, dengue outbreaks have increasingly been reported in urban foci in this region suggesting major epidemiological changes. however, in central africa where both vectors, aedes aegypti and aedes albopictus are well established, the role of each species in dengue transmission remains poorly investigated.201931887138
co-occurrence of kdr mutations v1016i and f1534c and its association with phenotypic resistance to pyrethroids in aedes aegypti (diptera: culicidae) populations from costa rica.aedes aegypti (linnaeus, 1762) is considered the most important mosquito vector species for several arboviruses (e.g., dengue, chikungunya, zika) in costa rica. the primary strategy for the control and prevention of aedes-borne diseases relies on insecticide-based vector control. however, the emergence of insecticide resistance in the mosquito populations presents a significant threat to these prevention actions. the characterization of the mechanisms driving the insecticide resistance in ae. ae ...201931891404
hyalodendrins a and b, new decalin-type tetramic acid larvicides from the endophytic fungus hyalodendriella sp. ponipodef12.two new decalin/tetramic acid hybrid metabolites, hyalodendrins a (1) and b (2) were isolated from plant endophytic fungus hyalodendriella sp. ponipodef12. the structures of the new compounds were elucidated by analysis of the spectroscopic data, including nmr, hrms and ecd, and by chemical conversion. compounds 1 and 2 were phomasetin analogues, and both showed potent larvicidal activity against the fourth-instar larvae of aedes aegypti with the median lethal dose (lc50) values of 10.31 and 5.9 ...201931892246
cytotoxic and larvicidal activities of stemona alkaloids from the aerial parts and roots of stemona curtisii hook.f.a new stemona alkaloid glycoside derivative, 6-hydroxy-5,6-seco-stemocurtisinoside (4), was isolated from the ethanolic extract of the aerial parts of stemona curtisii hook.f., together with stemocurtisine (1), (11z)-1',2'-didehydrostemofoline (2) and 6-hydroxy-5,6-seco-stemocurtisine (3). whereas, stemocurtisine (1), stemocurtisinol (5) and oxyprotostemonine (6) were isolated from the roots. their structures were elucidated using 1d and 2d nmr spectroscopy as well as ms experiments. the extract ...202031899956
nix is a male-determining factor in the asian tiger mosquito aedes albopictus.the initial signal that governs sex determination is highly variable among insects. a homolog of nix, the male-determining factor in aedes aegypti, was previously found in the asian tiger mosquito ae. albopictus. here we show that the ae. albopictus nix (aalnix) is more complex in gene structure and splice isoforms than its ae. aegypti homolog (aaenix). aalnix shows a similar transcription profile compared to aaenix. crispr/cas9-mediated knockouts of aalnix in vivo and in the ae. albopictus c6/3 ...201931901476
surveillance for zika in mexico: naturally infected mosquitoes in urban and semi-urban areas.zika cases have been reported in 29 out of the 32 states of mexico. information regarding which mosquito species might be driving zika virus transmission/maintenance in nature must be regularly updated. from january 2017 to november 2018, mosquitoes were collected indoors and outdoors using the cdc backpack aspirator in urban and semi-urban areas with evidence of mosquito-borne disease transmission. 3873 mosquito pools were tested for zika infection using the cdc trioplex real-time rt-pcr. for e ...202031902313
mosquito iridescent virus: new records from nature and infections using strelkovimermis spiculatus (mermithidae) as a vector under laboratory conditions.iridoviridae is a dna virus family that affects both vertebrates and invertebrates. immature aquatic stages of many dipteran species infected with iridovirus have been found in different places worldwide. the most represented genera of the culicidae family are aedes and psorophora. to date, sixteen species of aedes naturally infected with iridoviruses have been reported. moreover, there are four records for the genus psorophora, one for culiseta, and two for culex. in this paper, we report two n ...202031903519
geographic shifts in the bioclimatic suitability for aedes aegypti under climate change scenarios in colombia.the dengue, chikungunya and zika viruses are arboviruses predominantly transmitted to humans through the bite of the female mosquito aedes aegypti. currently, the vector represents a potential epidemiological risk in several latin american and pacific countries. however, little is known about the geographical distribution and bioclimatic suitability of this mosquito in the projected climate change scenarios in colombia. using a species distribution model of maximum entropy (maxent) based on pres ...202031909268
chemosensation: hate mosquitoes? peel beetroots!finding the right lure for trapping pest insects is difficult. the typical smell of rain and humid soil, geosmin, now turns out to be a strong attractant for the yellow fever mosquito aedes aegypti.202031910367
development, larvicide activity, and toxicity in nontarget species of the croton linearis jacq essential oil this study, the essential oil (eo) from leaves of croton linearis jacq was extracted and characterized by gc/ms. the eo hydrophilic-lipophilic balance required (rhlb) for nanoemulsion (ne) development was determined by the griffin' method. for evaluating the larvicidal effect against aedes aegypti, the preparation process of ne was optimized, using a central composite design. it was also evaluated the possible toxic effect of ne in nontarget species. the leaves of c. linearis contain 1.50% of ...202031916152
sequencing of zikv genomes directly from ae. aegypti and cx. quinquefasciatus mosquitoes collected during the 2015-16 epidemics in recife.zika virus (zikv) is a negative sense rna virus from the flaviviridae family, which was relatively unknown until the first human epidemic in micronesia, in 2007. since its spread to french polynesia and the americas. recife, the capital of pernambuco state and epicenter of the zika epidemic in brazil, experienced a large number of microcephaly cases and other congenital abnormalities associated to the zikv infection from, 2015 to 16. evidences suggest that both aedes aegypti and culex quinquefas ...202031918041
aedes aegypti insecticide resistance underlies the success (and failure) of wolbachia population replacement.mosquitoes that carry wolbachia endosymbionts may help control the spread of arboviral diseases, such as dengue, zika and chikungunya. wolbachia frequencies systematically increase only when the frequency-dependent advantage due to cytoplasmic incompatibility exceeds frequency-independent costs, which may be intrinsic to the wolbachia and/or can be associated with the genetic background into which wolbachia are introduced. costs depend on field conditions such as the environmental pesticide load ...202031919396
discriminating lethal concentrations for transfluthrin, a volatile pyrethroid compound for mosquito control in thailand.pyrethroids are commonly used to control malaria and dengue vectors in thailand. the lack of specific lethal discriminating concentrations (dcs) for specific mosquito species has possibly compromised more accurate assessments of physiological susceptibility to various chemicals over time. previous studies have established dcs of various residual pyrethroids against specific mosquitoes in thailand. however, dcs for transfluthrin (tft), a highly volatile pyrethroid compound, against mosquito vecto ...201931922934
bioefficacy of two nonpyrethroid insecticides for targeted indoor residual spraying against pyrethroid-resistant aedes aegypti.we evaluated the efficacy of bendiocarb (ficam w® 80%) and pirimiphos-methyl (actellic 300cs® 28.16%), applied to different surfaces potentially sprayable within houses during the application of a targeted indoor residual spraying (tirs) against a field pyrethroid-resistant strain of aedes aegypti. bioassays with cones were performed on cement (walls), wood (doors), and textile (cloth) surfaces within typical houses in the mexican city of merida (n = 10). optimal residual efficacy (>80% of mean ...201931922939
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