TitleAbstractYear(sorted ascending)
[clinical bacteriological studies on cefotiam and cefsulodin in the field of otorhinolaryngology].clinical bacteriological studies on cefotiam and cefsulodin in the field of otorhinolaryngology were carried out and the following results were obtained. 1) aerobic and anaerobic gram-positive bacteria were dominantly isolated from the clinical materials sent to the center from the clinical institutes. 2) it was considered that streptococcus pneumoniae, haemophilus influenzae and beta-streptococcus played an important role in the primary infections in the field of otorhinolaryngology. staphyloco ...19826290705
polyclonal b-cell activating capacities of gram-positive bacteria frequently isolated from periodontally diseased sites. 19826219204
[bacteriological and clinical evaluation of piperacillin in the field of obstetrics and gynecology].in vitro activity of piperacillin (pipc) against 150 recent clinical isolates from obstetric and gynecologic infections was performed in comparison with sulbenicillin (sbpc), cefmetazole (cmz), cefotiam (ctm) and cefsulodin (cfs). at 6.25 micrograms/ml pipc inhibited 93% of s. epidermidis, 86% of s. faecalis, 67% of e. coli and 80% of klebsiella. at 0.2 microgram/ml pipc inhibited 100% of peptococcus, 73% of peptostreptococcus and 100% of b. melaninogenicus group. at 3.13 micrograms/ml pipc inhi ...19826223149
a note on fermentation reactions of anaerobic bacteria on a solid medium. 19826749787
antibody reactive with peptostreptococcus micros in the sera of patients with periodontal disease.subgingival plaque samples were cultured for the isolation of peptostreptococcus micros from individuals with and without chronic periodontitis. humoral antibody from each person reacted with p. micros in an indirect fluorescent-antibody test, but not all of the sera reacted in a passive hemolysis test. no correlations were observed between the presence of antibody reactive with p. micros and the isolation of p. micros or the gingival health of the individual.19826749898
vaginal organisms in prepubertal children with and without vulvovaginitis. a vaginoscopic a prospective clinical and microbiological study covering 67 prepubertal children the vaginal flora of 31 asymptomatic children was compared to 36 children suffering from abnormal vaginal discharge and/or vulvovaginitis. vaginoscopy was employed to obtain bacteriological specimens without contamination. swabs were inoculated into prereduced transportmedia (port a cul, bbl) and cultured aerobically and anaerobically. the most prevalent aerobic organisms were staphylococcus epidermidis. enteroc ...19826751240
the use of an anaerobic incubator for the isolation of anaerobes from clinical anaerobic incubator was compared with a standard jar system for the isolation of anaerobes from clinical material. seventy specimens were selected as likely to yield anaerobes: 342 different anaerobes were isolated in the incubator and 347 in anaebrobic jars. these included bacteroides spp (43%), peptococcus spp (26%), peptostreptococcus spp (13%), veillonella spp (7%), fusobacterium spp (7%), clostridium spp (2%) and miscellaneous gram-positive nonsporing bacilli (2%). differences in isolati ...19826752210
[evaluation of clinical efficacy of a cephem antibiotic, cefmetazole, in inflammatory infections of the upper respiratory tract].we had reported the fundamental study on the utility of a new cephem antibiotic, cefmetazole (cmz). on the basis of the results we administered cmz to patients to investigate its clinical utility in this study. 1. cmz was administered to 53 patients including 4 infants. they consisted of 30 cases of acute tonsillitis, 10 of peritonsillar abscess, 10 of laryngitis or pharyngitis, and 3 of sinusitis. 2. one of 2 g cmz was administered to an adult patient except for l case and 0.5 g to an infant pa ...19826752466
isolation of anaerobic organisms from kidney in serious renal infections.we have studied 45 patients who underwent nephrectomy owing to unilateral renal sepsis for anaerobic and aerobic bacterial growth in the urine and kidney. anaerobic organisms were recovered from 11 patients: 10 had positive kidney cultures, and only 1 had positive kidney and urine cultures. there was a distinct relationship between anaerobic infection of the kidney and urinary tract obstruction; 44 per cent of the obstructed kidneys yielded anaerobic organisms versus only 11 per cent of the unob ...19826755857
bacteriologic and serologic investigation in diffuse sclerosing osteomyelitis (dso) of the attempt was made to clarify the obscure origin of diffuse sclerosing osteomyelitis (dso) of the mandible. bacteriologic investigations of specimens from diseased mandibles were performed with special attention to anaerobic culture technique. propionibacterium acnes and peptostreptococcus intermedius were in some patients found to be of etiologic importance. sampling techniques and associated problems are discussed. an examination was made for antibodies in the patients' sera against antigens ...19826757825
achromopeptidase for lysis of anaerobic gram-positive cocci.achromopeptidase, which has potent bacteriolytic activity for most of the gram-positive aerobic bacteria, was for the first time used for the lysis of anaerobic cocci. most of the lysozyme-resistant gram-positive anaerobic cocci were lysed with this new enzyme. peptococcus magnus was the only organism tested resistant to achromopeptidase. p. saccharolyticus was quite unusual because it was very sensitive to both achromopeptidase and lysozyme.19826759529
antibiotic resistance in anaerobic bacteria: molecular biology and clinical aspects.the patterns of antibiotic susceptibility among anaerobes isolated in the united states during the past 14 years were reviewed. resistance to the tetracyclines, the penicillins, clindamycin, and other antibiotics has emerged among strains of bacteroides, clostridium, and anaerobic cocci. genetic transfer of antibiotic resistance has been documented in anaerobic environments. inter- and intrageneric transfer by conjugation and transformation has been described. plasmids have been identified in an ...19826760336
the fermentation of lactulose by colonic bacteria.sixty-four strains of intestinal bacteria were cultured under anaerobic conditions in lactulose-containing media to assess their ability to ferment lactulose. some organisms were unable to metabolize the disaccharide, while others, e.g. clostridia and lactobacilli, metabolized lactulose extensively. quantitative analyses of the fermentation products indicated that the major non-gaseous metabolites were acetic, lactic and butyric acids. hydrogen and carbon dioxide were the only gases detected. fe ...19826804597
leucine dissimilation to isovaleric and isocaproic acids by cell suspensions of amino acid fermenting anaerobes: the stickland reaction revisited.freshly compared cell suspensions of clostridia (clostridium bifermentans, c. botulinum proteolytic type a, c. difficile, c. sordellii, and c. sporogenes) and peptostreptococcus anaerobius converted leucine to isovaleric (iv) and isocaproic (ic) acids in the absence of other amino acids. the optimal ph for conversion was between 8 and 9 at 37 degrees c. the stoichiometry of reaction was compatible with that expected for the stickland reaction, as the ratio of iv to ic was 1:2, the amount of co2 ...19826805929
anaerobic bacteria in uterine infection following first trimester abortion.samples of uterine fluid and cervical mucus for bacterial culture were obtained from 23 patients with endometritis following first trimester abortion. uterine samples were obtained via a sheathed system which minimizes contamination by the cervical flora. a mean of 3.4 isolates were identified in cervical samples as compared to 1.8 in uterine samples. anaerobic bacteria were found in 57% of the uterine samples and dominated in both uterine and cervical samples. peptostreptococcus species dominat ...19826890898
heparin degradation by eubacterium and peptostreptococcus species from bovine endometritis. 19826890997
n-formimidoyl thienamycin (mk0787): in vitro activity against anaerobic bacteria.the in vitro activity of n-formimidoyl thienamycin (mk0787) was tested against 239 anaerobic bacteria clinical isolates: 70 of bacteroides fragilis, 18 of b. distasonis, 16 of b. thetaiotaomicron, 10 of b. vulgatus, 24 of bacteroides spp., 22 of b. melaninogenicus (all three subspecies), 26 of fusobacterium spp., 10 of peptococcus spp., 15 of peptostreptococcus spp., 15 of clostridium perfringens, and 13 of clostridium spp. ninety-five percent of the isolates were inhibited by less than or equal ...19826952818
characterization of nadp-dependent 7 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenases from peptostreptococcus productus and eubacterium aerofaciens.peptostreptococcus productus strain b-52 (a human fecal isolate) and eubacterium aerofaciens atcc 25986 were found to contain nadp-dependent 7 beta-hydroxysteriod dehydrogenase activity. the enzyme was synthesized constitutively by both organisms, and the enzyme yields were suppressed by the addition of 0.5 mm 7 beta-hydroxy bile acid to the growth medium. purification of the enzyme by chromatography resulted in preparations with 3.5 (p. productus b-52, on sephadex g-200) and 1.8 (e. aerofaciens ...19826954878
circulating antibodies after experimental chronic infection in the root canal of teeth in monkeys.root canals of 49 teeth with necrotic pulp tissue in five monkeys were infected with streptococcus faecalis ss liquefaciens, actinomyces bovis, fusobacterium nucleatum, peptostreptococcus anaerobius, and bacteroides oralis in various combinations. after 6 months the root canals and the periapical tissues were subjected to radiographic, bacteriologic, and histologic examinations. signs of periapical inflammation were radiographically registered in 41 teeth, most frequently in teeth inoculated wit ...19826960463
[evaluation of humoral response to selected bacterial antigens in dental focal infections]. 19826964085
[assessment of the leukocyte migration inhibition test in response to selected bacterial antigens from dental focal infections]. 19826964137
[clinico-microbiologic bases for the use of new cephalosporins]. 19826979006
[studies on in vitro susceptibility of various anaerobic bacteria and antimicrobial resistance of anaerobes (author's transl)]. 19826979640
identification of attached bacteria in the nasopharynx of the child.bacteria attached to epithelial cells in mucus and cell scrapings obtained from the nasopharynx in children undergoing adenoidectomy appear rather monomorphic under the microscope, and for this reason it is not possible to identify different species. to overcome this difficulty, a micromanipulation method has been devised which allows the isolation of single squamous epithelial cells seen to carry bacteria. the cells are transferred to culture media for bacteriological analysis. ciliated epithel ...19826980192
microorganisms isolated from peritonsillar abscess and indicated chemotherapy.a bacteriologic study was made of 30 patients with peritonsillar abscesses with the use of both aerobic and anaerobic culture procedures. the abscess was punctured and the pus was aspirated by a syringe with an 18-gauge needle. aerobes and anaerobes were detected in a frequency rate of approximately 1:2. peptostreptococcus (30.2%), group a streptococci (27.9%), peptococcus (16.3%), and fusobacterium (9.3%) were preponderant pathogens. anaerobic organisms were isolated in 75% of 30 cases. aside f ...19826982036
evidence that the greening ligand in native butyryl-coa dehydrogenase is a coa persulfide.yellow butyryl-coa dehydrogenase and general acyl-coa dehydrogenase are "greened" by a mixture of coenzyme a plus elemental sulfur. the resultant stable complex contains an identical ligand with that present in native green butyryl-coa dehydrogenase and has the same broad absorption band centered at 710 nm. evidence is presented that the greening ligand is a coa persulfide, possibly a mimic of the substrate carbanion thought to be generated early in the normal catalytic cycle. variation in the p ...19827068637
intracranial complications of sinusitis in children. a sequela of periapical abscess.the cases of two children with periapical abscess in the upper incisors, sinusitis, and intracranial abscess are described. the ethmoid and maxillary sinuses were involved in both patients. subdural empyema occurred in both, and one of the children had also cerebritis and brain abscess. anaerobic bacteria were isolated from the infected subdural empyemas. peptostreptococcus intermedius and microaerophilic streptococci were recovered in one patient and fusobacterium sp in the other. surgical drai ...19827073175
streptococcus pneumoniae and three species of anaerobic bacteria in experimental otitis media in guniea pigs.three species of anaerobic bacteria commonly isolated in upper respiratory tract infections in humans were studied in an animal model of otitis media. the ability of propionibacterium acnes to induce acute otitis media was comparable with that of streptococcus pneumoniae, the classic middle ear pathogen. the response to peptostreptococcus micros was weak and irregular, and no effects of bacteroides asaccharolyticus were observed despite the use of high doses (10(8) colony-forming unite per ear). ...19827086197
factors determining the occurrence of serum agglutinins to eubacterium and peptostreptococcus species in patients with crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis.recently, the demonstration of serum agglutinins to eubacterium and peptostreptococcus strains has been found to be useful as a diagnostic test for crohn's disease. therefore, conditions determining the occurrence of these antibodies were studied in patients with crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis. localization of crohn's disease in the colon, the presence of fistulae and serum levels of immunoglobulins were found to be contributory determinants for the occurrence of the agglutinins.19827095311
anaerobic bacterial populations on normal and diseased human biopsy tissue obtained at colonoscopy.human epithelium was cultured to characterize differences in microbial populations between regions of normal colon and between polyps, inflammatory bowel disease, and cancer and their respective adjacent normal mucosa. twenty-one patients (12 polyps, 5 inflammatory bowel disease, 4 cancer) underwent colonoscopy with anaerobic culture of mucosal biopsies from normal and diseased ascending, transverse, descending, and sigmoid colon. no differences for total number of organisms and recovery of spec ...19827103479
etiologic factors in acute suppurative thyroiditis. 19827108286
complete amino acid sequence of the 4fe-4s, thermostable ferredoxin from clostridium thermoaceticum.the complete amino acid sequence of the 4fe-4s ferredoxin from the thermophilic bacterium clostridium thermoaceticum has been determined. the protein is extremely thermostable and is the only known clostridial ferredoxin to contain a single [4fe-4s] cluster. the sequence totals 63 residues and includes the first tryptophan (trp-26) reported for a clostridial ferredoxin, and other amino acids not commonly found in clostridial or clostridial-like ferredoxins: methionine (met-1), histidine (his-33) ...19827115670
analysis of short-chain acids from anaerobic bacteria by high-performance liquid chromatography.a standard mixture of 25 short-chain fatty acids was resolved by high-performance liquid chromatography, using an aminex hpx-87 column. the acids produced in culture media by anaerobic bacteria were analyzed by high-performance liquid chromatography after extraction with ether and reextraction into a small volume of 0.1 n naoh. the presence of fumaric acid in culture extracts of peptostreptococcus anaerobius was confirmed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry analysis of the trapped eluent fra ...19827119103
evaluation of a metronidazole disk test for the presumptive identification of anaerobes.a total of 632 bacterial strains recovered under anaerobic conditions from clinical specimens were tested from their susceptibility to metronidazole by a disk diffusion test using 5 micrograms metronidazole disks. three-hundred-fifty-five of the 632 bacterial strains exhibited susceptibility the metronidazole, and each was determined to be an obligate anaerobe. the remaining 277 isolates showed resistance to the 5 micrograms disk. of these resistant strains, 257 were determined to be facultative ...19827124785
a bacteriological and/or immunological study of anaerobic streptococcal infection in chronic tonsillitis, paratonsillitis and periodontitis patients.anaerobic streptococci were isolated from 100% of tonsil tissue samples obtained from 36 chronic tonsillitis patients. the strains displayed antigenic and other differences. sera of chronic tonsillitis, paratonsillitis and periodontitis patients exhibited significantly more often, and in significantly higher titres, antibodies to the anaerobic streptococci isolated from tonsils than did sera of normal persons.19827142691
direct quantitative determination of acidic end products in clinical specimens for presumptive diagnosis of anaerobic infections.acidic metabolic products determined directly in clinical specimens of 51 anaerobic and 12 aerobic infections by quantitative gas-liquid chromatography (glc) were correlated with the bacteriologic findings. the presence of appreciable amounts of succinic acid, more than 1 microm per ml, propionic and isovaleric acid, at concentrations not exceeding 3 microm per ml, was strong evidence for bacteroides fragilis infections. when isobutyric acid was also detected, a b. melaninogenicus infection coul ...19827149527
endometrial bacteriology in patients with endometrial cancer before and after primary intracavitary irradiation using ir-192 and an afterloading a prospective clinical and bacteriological study the endocervical and endometrial flora of 38 patients with biopsy proven cancer of the endometrium was studied before and after intrauterine irradiation with 10 gy (ir-192, afterloading device, buchler, braunschweig). bacteriological swabs were taken transcervically. anaerobic transport media were used and cultures were done aerobically and anaerobically. the mean number of aerobic organisms per patient increased from 2.13 to 2.49 (not signific ...19827149781
isolation and characterisation of bacteria from pyothorax (empyaemia) in cats. 19827164339
biotransformation of 1-nitropyrene in intestinal anaerobic bacteria.mutagenic nitroaromatic compounds have recently been found in photocopies, urban atmosphere, automobile exhaust and wastewater. 1-nitropyrene (1-np) is readily formed when pyrene, ubiquitous in the environment, is exposed to nitrogen dioxide in the urban atmosphere or in automobile exhaust, and is highly mutagenic, inducing 449 his+ revertants/plate/nmol from salmonella typhimurium strain ta98 in the absence of s9 fraction in the salmonella-microsome test. it is possible to swallow sputum or som ...19827167066
[the effect of tinidazole on the anaerobic bacterial flora in patients undergoing gynecological surgery].the various effects have been examined against the anaerobes by administering tinidazole when the operations of gynecology and obstetrics and the following results were obtained. 1. the serum concentrations after the single administration of 1,000 mg of tdz showed 56.6 micrograms/ml of the peak value (3 hours) and 27.7 micrograms/ml of 24 hours value, and the antibacterial potency was maintained for a long duration. the concentration in the vaginal secretions was 21.8 micrograms/tampon within 24 ...19827176070
response of mice to transtracheal pulmonary inoculation of anaerobic bacteria.the transtracheal inoculation of a mixture of anaerobic bacteria, with or without hydrochloric acid, into the lungs of mice caused nonlethal pneumonia and abscesses in a minority of challenged animals. all animals cleared organisms and recovered by 30 days. secondary infection with escherichia coli was common but did not affect the response to challenge with the anaerobes.19827176528
gardnerella vaginalis and anaerobic bacteria in genital a study of gardnerella vaginalis and anaerobic bacteria in non-specific vaginitis (nsv) and other genital disease 89 patients attending a genital medicine clinic had vaginal samples examined for conventional pathogens and for quantitative analysis of g vaginalis and aerobic and anaerobic bacterial flora. the overall incidence of g vaginalis was 20%; g vaginalis (mean concentration 7.0 log10/g of secretion) occurred predominantly in patients with nsv (57%) but also in sexual contacts of non-sp ...19836600955
effect of glucose concentration in the growth medium upon neutral and acidic fermentation end-products of clostridium bifermentans, clostridium sporogenes and peptostreptococcus anaerobius.clostridium bifermentans, c. sporogenes and peptostreptococcus anaerobius were grown in fastidious anaerobe broth with glucose concentrations from 0-1.5% (w/v). gas chromatographic (glc) analysis of fermentation end-products revealed that a change in glucose concentration markedly affected fermentation patterns of each microorganism. increased glucose concentration resulted in stimulation of ethanol production by all strains, and of butanol and butyric acid by c. sporogenes. with c. bifermentans ...19836822993
anaerobic pyogenic sacroiliitis. 19836844970
perineal crohn's disease complicated by pyogenic liver abscess during metronidazole therapy.a patient with ileal and perineal crohn's disease developed a pyogenic liver abscess caused by streptococcus milleri. the perineal process had been treated with high-dose metronidazole for the preceding 6 mo, and culture of a perianal abscess 2 mo before admission revealed heavy growth of streptococcus milleri (which was misidentified as an anaerobic peptostreptococcus). this case illustrates the difficulty in correctly identifying streptococcus milleri, the most frequent isolate from pyogenic l ...19836852451
anaerobic bacteria associated with osteomyelitis in domestic animals.specimens of bony tissue or adjacent soft tissue from 19 animals with osteomyelitis were cultured aerobically and anaerobically. fourteen specimens (74%) yielded anaerobic bacteria in pure culture or mixed with aerobic or facultative anaerobic bacteria. the most predominant genus encountered was an obligate anaerobe, bacteroides. the most frequently isolated bacteroides species was bacteroides asaccharolyticus, which was isolated 5 times. the most frequently isolated anaerobe was peptostreptococ ...19836853311
effect of eight growth media upon fermentation profiles of ten anaerobic bacteria.a study was made of the influence of eight growth media upon the fermentation end-product patterns obtained with ten species of anaerobes. acidic and neutral end-products of fermentation were analysed by gas chromatography and the results were examined statistically by computer. differences in end-product profile were at least as great between different media used to grow a single anaerobic species, as between different anaerobes grown in a single type of medium. when individual fermentation end ...19836853401
aspiration and lung abscess in cystic fibrosis.large abscess cavities are not commonly encountered in patients with cystic fibrosis (cf). one such patient is reported in whom an abscess developed secondary to aspiration of sand and salt water. material obtained at bronchoscopy revealed anaerobes as well as the aerobic organisms previously cultured from her sputum. rapid improvement occurred after institution of antibiotic therapy specifically directed against the anaerobic organisms.19836859663
[nonclostridial anaerobic soft tissue infections].fourteen cases of nonclostridial anaerobic infections of soft tissues caused by peptococci, peptostreptococci, bacteroids or their combinations with e. coli, proteus, and staphylococcus aureus were studied. they are characterized by a rapid spread of serous-suppurative inflammation and the causative agents in loose fibrous connective tissue of subcutaneous adipose tissue (cellutitis), surface fascia (fasciitis), or skeletal muscles (myositis). dissolution of intercellular structures of the conne ...19836860161
ct in the diagnosis and follow-up of multiple abscesses in the liver.computed tomography (ct) in the diagnosis of liver abscesses is discussed. the accuracy of ct scan in differentiating hepatic masses is reviewed. two ct control scans were performed during the follow-up period.19836872821
[serodiagnosis of crohn's disease].three serological tests, recommended as being of diagnostic value for crohn's disease, were evaluated in 39 patients with crohn's disease and--as controls--in 27 patients with ulcerative colitis, 45 healthy persons and 65 patients with inflammatory diseases other than crohn's disease or ulcerative colitis. the tests were the determination of (1) serum antibodies to pseudomonas-like organisms (plo) by means of indirect immunofluorescence; (2) agglutinating serum antibodies to 4 strains of anaerob ...19836872878
an international study of agglutinins to eubacterium, peptostreptococcus and coprococcus species in crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis and control subjects.the world-wide occurrence of agglutinating antibodies to four coccoid anaerobes belonging to eubacterium, peptostreptococcus and coprococcus spp. was investigated in 937 coded sera from patients suffering from crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis, various other diseases and from healthy controls. positive results were found in 59% of patients with crohn's disease, 29% of patients with ulcerative colitis, and 8% of both diseased and healthy control subjects. patients with crohn's disease of the co ...19836628839
bacteriology of dental abscesses of endodontic origin.aspirates have been cultured from 10 dental abscesses of endodontic origin, all of which had penetrated beyond the bony alveolus to produce fluctuant swelling. sampling was by syringe aspiration. strict anaerobic techniques, including the use of an anaerobic chamber, were used for serial dilution and plating. randomly selected colonies (100) from each culture were purified, characterized, and identified. seventy percent of the bacterial isolates were either strict anaerobes or microaerophilic. o ...19836630460
tubo-ovarian abscess: contemporary approach to management.two hundred and thirty-two patients with tubo-ovarian abscesses (toas) were evaluated. ruptured toas were documented in seven (3%) of the patients. one hundred and seventy-five patients with toas were treated with antibiotics alone; for 15 of these patients, toas were confirmed by laparoscopy. the remaining 57 patients required surgical intervention: drainage (five patients), unilateral salpingo-oophorectomy (19) and total abdominal hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy (33). a unilat ...19836635426
death of an african elephant from probable toxemia attributed to chronic pulpitis.a 31-year-old captive male african elephant (loxodonta africana) of 5,000-kg body weight died suddenly in ventral recumbency. lesions seen at necropsy were bilateral purulent pulpitis and periodontitis of both tusks, serous atrophy of coronary groove fat, grammocephalus cholangitis, myocardial and skeletal lipofuscinosis, and scattered segmental necrosis in the pectoral muscles. nonhemolytic streptococci, corynebacterium sp, peptostreptococcus anaerobius, fusobacterium nucleatum, and bacteroides ...19836643242
[experimental and clinical evaluation of cefroxadine in the field of obstetrics and gynecology].cefroxadine (cxd) was studied in the field of obstetrics and gynecology and the following results were obtained. mic values of cxd against 55 clinical isolates were investigated, from 6.25 to 12.5 micrograms/ml for 8 strains of e. coli, 6.25 micrograms/ml for 3 strains of k. pneumoniae and from 0.39 to 3.13 micrograms/ml for 9 strains of anaerobes such as peptostreptococcus and peptococcus in 10(6) cells/ml. transfer of cxd into intrapelvic organ such as uterus, uterine tube and ovary after the ...19836655868
[clinical study of cefroxadine in the field of obstetrics and gynecology].clinical study of cefroxadine (cxd), an orally active cephalosporin, for the treatment of infections in the field of obstetrics and gynecology was carried out and the following results were obtained. fifteen strains were isolated in present study. these isolates were mainly e. coli and anaerobes (peptococcus sp., peptostreptococcus sp.). the distribution of susceptibilities to cxd of e. coli was between 6.25 approximately 12.5 micrograms/ml and that of anaerobes was between 0.39 approximately 1. ...19836655870
the effect of lincomycin-neomycin treatment on experimental anaerobic bacterial bovine mastitis.three healthy lactating quarters of a friesland cow were each experimentally infected with a pure culture of a strain of either bacteroides fragilis, eubacterium lentum or a peptostreptococcus sp. respectively. the onset and progression to clinical mastitis was monitored 12 hourly by examination for clinical signs of inflammation, bacterial culture, somatic cell counts and with a strip cup. all infected quarters developed clinical mastitis within 24 hours. the 2 quarters infected with b. fragili ...19836668573
selected bacterial antibodies in crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis.agglutinins to four strains of anaerobic gram-positive coccoid rods (species of eubacterium, peptostreptococcus and coprococcus) were found in significantly higher frequency in crohn's disease (cd) than in ulcerative colitis (uc) and in other diseased control subjects and were virtually absent in apparently healthy subjects. when the posterior probability of having cd was calculated on the basis of these agglutination reactions, 64% of patients with cd and 34% of patients with uc but only 10% of ...19836673050
[clinical evaluation of tinidazole on anaerobic infections in the field of obstetrics and gynecology].the bacteriological and clinical effect of tinidazole (tdz) was evaluated in 16 cases of intrauterine, intrapelvic and vulvar infection caused by anaerobic organisms and the following results were obtained. anaerobes were detected in 16 cases, including 1 case with anaerobes alone and 15 cases with mixed anaerobes and aerobes. eight different species and 24 strains were detected. a single species was isolated from 9 cases, 2 species from 6 cases and 3 species from 1 case. the main species detect ...19836674545
in vitro activity of u-57930e against anaerobic bacteria and its comparison with clindamycin, ampicillin, carbenicillin and tetracycline.the in vitro activity of u-57930e, a pipecolic acid amide of clindamycin, was compared with those of clindamycin, ampicillin, carbenicillin and tetracycline against 321 anaerobic clinical isolates. the mic (micrograms/ml) of u-57930e that inhibited 95% bacteroides fragilis, peptococcus prevotii, b. melaninogenicus and p. asaccharolyticus was 0.0625; 0.03125 for peptostreptococcus anaerobius, b. vulgatus, propionibacterium and peptococcus species. clindamycin, on the other hand, gave mic values o ...19836678915
[bacterial flora isolated from the cervical secretions of patients with acute gonorrhea and their sensitivities to spectinomycin and ampicillin].subsequent to studies of clinical effects of spectinomycin (spcm) and ampicillin (abpc) given in combination on acute gonorrhea in female patients, sensitivity of n. gonorrhoeae to each of these antibiotics was determined. furthermore, cervical discharge of female patients was searched for other organisms. combined antimicrobial action of spcm and abpc were also examined. aerobic and anaerobic organisms were obtained from cervical discharge of 20 cases of acute gonorrhea. the predominant aerobe ...19836228677
cefoperazone therapy for obstetric and gynecologic infections.the safety and clinical efficacy of cefoperazone therapy for obstetric and gynecologic infections have been evaluated in clinical trials involving 107 women hospitalized at nine medical centers. the indications for cefoperazone therapy have included post-partum and postoperative uterine infections, pelvic inflammatory disease, postoperative pelvic infections, and miscellaneous pelvic infections. a variety of aerobic and anaerobic bacteria, including members of the genera staphylococcus, streptoc ...19836221385
purification and characterization of nadp-dependent 7 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase from peptostreptococcus productus strain nadp-dependent 7 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase was purified 11.5-fold over the activity in crude cell extracts prepared from peptostreptococcus productus strain b-52, by using sephadex g-200 and deae-cellulose column chromatography. 7 beta-dehydrogenation was the sole transformation of bile acids catalyzed by the partially purified enzyme. the enzyme preparation (spec. act. 2.781 iu per mg protein) had an optimum ph of 9.8. lineweaver-burk plots showed a michaelis constant (km) value of 0 ...19836572075
phase variation of hyaluronidase-producing peptostreptococci associated with periodontal disease.peptostreptococci isolated from diseased periodontal pockets produced large amounts of extracellular hyaluronidase throughout their growth cycle. phase variants, obtained by re-streaking aged colonies of the wild types, had different colonial morphology and shorter generation times. these variants produced less hyaluronidase, and enzyme production occurred only during the early stationary phase.19836575993
cecal microflora of turkeys fed low or high fiber diets: enumeration, identification, and determination of cellulolytic activity.examination of cecal contents or bacterial cultures thereof from turkeys fed either a high fiber (hf) or low fiber (lf) ration indicated that direct microscopic counts of microbes were significantly higher in hf-fed than in lf-fed birds. there was no significant difference in mean colony counts between the two groups of turkeys. in both lf and hf-fed birds, 77% of the microbes were gram-positive rods, 14% gram-negative rods, and 9% gram-positive cocci. the predominant microorganism was eubacteri ...19836306633
inactivation of the polyanionic detergent sodium polyanetholsulfonate by hemoglobin.sodium polyanetholsulfonate (sps) has been added to blood culture media for many years. its incorporation results in a higher yield of positive blood cultures due to its inactivation of antimicrobial cationic compounds. the most active of these cations include complement components, aminoglycoside-aminocyclitol antibiotics, and receptors on polymorphonuclear leukocytes. there have been reports from studies conducted outside patient blood culture bottles that sps itself may possess antibacterial ...19836315765
[clinical experience with cefotiam in otorhinolaryngologic infections].clinical studies of cefotiam (ctm), a new cephalosporin derivative, in otorhinolaryngological field were performed, and the results were summarized as follows. ctm was intravenously injected to 31 cases of otorhinolaryngological infections in daily dose of 1--4 g. clinical efficacy was 33.3% in acute otitis media and chronic otitis media (acute exacerbation) (6 cases), 90% in acute tonsillitis (including peritonsillitis, peritonsillar abscess) (20 cases), 50% in acute pharyngitis (2 cases), 100% ...19836325742
[cefotiam passage into the maxillary sinus tissues].clinical study was made on cefotiam (ctm) and the following results were obtained. tissue concentrations of ctm were determined 1 hour after intravenous injection (ctm 1 g) in chronic sinusitis and maxillary cyst. concentrations of ctm were 16.53 micrograms/g, 13.26 micrograms/g in mucosa of the maxillary sinus, maxillary cyst, respectively. antibacterial activity of ctm was measured on escherichia coli, staphylococcus epidermidis, aerococcus, acidaminococcus fermentans, peptostreptococcus anaer ...19836325743
frequency of occurrence and antimicrobial susceptibility of bacterial isolates from the intestinal and female genital the selection of empiric therapy for infections of the female genital tract and intraabdominal infections in humans, the requisite information includes (1) the frequency of isolation of bacterial species dominant in the normal gastrointestinal and female genital tracts and in intraabdominal and female genital tract infections and (2) the in vitro susceptibilities of the dominant species to drugs that may be used against them (e.g., penicillin g, cefoperazone, cefoxitin, chloramphenicol, clind ...19836342102
[use of cephalosporins as antibiotic prophylaxis in cesarean section].cefoxitin, a second-generation cephalosporin, was compared with cefazolin, a first-generation cephalosporin, and a placebo in a prospective, double-blind study of antibiotic prophylaxis in women undergoing nonelective cesarean section. in the groups that received cefazolin or the placebo there eas no statistically significant change in colonization of the cervix by aerobic bacteria by the fourth day after the operation, but there was a statistically significant increase in colonization by anaero ...19836344970
the survival of anaerobic bacteria at 4 degrees c and 22 degrees c on swabs in three transport systems. statistical evaluation by application of a variance component model.the survival of anaerobic bacteria on swabs in three transport systems at 4 degrees c and 22 degrees c was evaluated. the transport systems were a charcoal-impregnated cotton swab in modified stuart's transport medium (ms), a plain cotton swab in a dry aerobic tube (da) and a plain cotton swab in an aerobic agar tube (aa). the test strains were bacteroides fragilis, b. melaninogenicus ss. intermedius, fusobacterium necrophorum, peptostreptococcus anaerobius, eubacterium lentum and clostridium ra ...19836346789
the recovery of anaerobic bacteria from swabs in three transport systems. statistical evaluation by application of a variance component model.the recovery of six anaerobic species from swabs in three transport systems was quantitatively evaluated. the test strains were bacteroides fragilis, b. melaninogenicus ss. intermedius, fusobacterium necrophorum, peptostreptococcus anaerobius, eubacterium lentum, and clostridium ramosum. the transport systems were a charcoal-impregnated cotton swab in modified stuart's transport medium (ms), or a plain cotton swab in either a dry aerobic tube (da) or an aerobic agar tube (aa). swabs were charged ...19836346790
production of histolytic enzymes by a combination of oral bacteria with known pathogenicity.eight oral bacterial strains, isolated from an infected root canal, have been investigated for their capacity to produce histolytic enzymes. the determination was performed using methods espoused by two different principles. eleven out of 12 enzymes examined were demonstrated in the "eight-strain collection". in no single bacterial strain were all enzymes revealed. it was suggested that the pathogenicity of the bacterial strains, singly or in combination, was not solely dependent on the producti ...19836352755
on the occurrence of enoate reductase and 2-oxo-carboxylate reductase in clostridia and some observations on the amino acid fermentation by peptostreptococcus anaerobius.enoate reductase present in clostridium kluyveri and clostridium spec. la 1 could be detected in three strains of c. tyrobutyricum and ten clostridia belonging to the groups of proteolytic and saccharolytic or proteolytic species, respectively. in c. pasteurianum, c. butyricum and c. propionicum enoate reductase could not be found even after growth on (e)-2-butenoate. a 2-oxo-carboxylate reductase was present in rather low activities in the non-proteolytic clostridia which produce enoate reducta ...19836354130
continuous opacity monitoring of the growth of bacteria under strict anaerobic conditions.a newly designed instrument is described which generates continuous records of the opacities of six bacterial cultures growing under strict anaerobic conditions. additions (for example, of antibacterial agents) or withdrawal of culture (for example, for viable counting) can be made at any time without breach of anaerobiosis. use of the instrument is illustrated by growth curves obtained from small inocula of two strict anaerobes, bacteroides asaccharolyticus and peptostreptococcus anaerobius and ...19836355193
the frequency and some characteristics of anaerobic bacteria isolated from various forms of bovine mastitis.the prevalence of strictly anaerobic bacteria in the secretions from untreated cases of mastitis in lactating dairy cows was investigated. the study involved 147 friesland cows in 12 highveld herds. all herds yielded cows with anaerobic udder infections. no anaerobic bacteria were recovered from cows with normal quarters or those with latent aerobic infections. only anaerobes were present in 10% of so-called 'aseptic' mastitis cases. a variety of anaerobic organisms was isolated concurrently wit ...19836355474
effects of atmosphere of incubation on recovery of bacteria and yeasts from blood cultures in tryptic soy broth.a comparison was made of the results of blood cultures between 1974 and 1981 in unvented and transiently vented bottles of tryptic soy broth under vacuum with co2. a total of 14,646 isolates were available for statistical analysis. significantly more isolates of staphylococcus epidermidis, staphylococcus aureus, bacillus, escherichia, pseudomonas, klebsiella, serratia, acinetobacter, alcaligenes, neisseria, and candida were recovered from the vented bottle. significantly more isolates of coryneb ...19836370565
[bacteriological and clinical studies in twenty patients with thoracic empyema--significance of anaerobic bacteria]. 19836408199
susceptibility of brain to aerobic, anaerobic, and fungal organisms.the utility of an experimental animal model is dependent on its ability to simulate the actual clinical situation. with a stereotaxic injection procedure, the susceptibility of rat brain to the spectrum of organisms commonly associated with human brain abscess was determined. two strains of escherichia coli were more infective than pseudomonas aeruginosa, staphylococcus aureus, and streptococcus pyogenes. even between the e. coli strains it was possible to document significant differences in deg ...19836409808
cefamandole therapy in hand infections.hand lacerations, especially when inadequately treated, may result in infections caused by aerobic or anaerobic bacteria. anaerobic infections most commonly result from human bite injuries in which there is contact between hand and mouth. the search continues for an ideal antibiotic to employ when anaerobic organisms are suspected. in this study cefamandole, a new cephalosporin antibiotic, was employed whenever anaerobic hand infections were suspected following trauma. in each patient quantitati ...19836415153
[anaerobic sepsis]. 19836141318
[viability of anaerobic streptococci (peptostreptococci) stored in different ways]. 19836196542
gas-producing brain abscess due to peptostreptococcus. 19846204240
[in vitro activity and clinical evaluation of ceftriaxone in the field of obstetrics and gynecology].in vitro activity of ceftriaxone (ctrx) was examined by agar plates dilution method against 398 strains isolated from the infections in the field of obstetrics and gynecology. mic90 of ctrx against staphylococcus (107 strains), e. coli (54 strains), k. pneumoniae (27 strains), peptococcus and peptostreptococcus (106 strains) and bacteroides (104 strains) was more than 100 micrograms/ml, less than 0.20 micrograms/ml, less than 0.20 micrograms/ml, 6.25 micrograms/ml and 50 micrograms/ml, respectiv ...19846098728
antimicrobial susceptibility of anaerobic bacteria in sweden in 1983.this review is concerned with anaerobic bacteria and antimicrobial susceptibility. data on the susceptibility to different antimicrobials of anaerobic isolates in sweden during 1983 is presented. among the different bacterial groups, clostridium perfringens, propionibacteria, anaerobic cocci and curved rods were found to be susceptible to beta-lactam antibiotics, clindamycin and chloramphenicol. c. difficile was susceptible to benzylpenicillin and imipenem, but resistant to cefoxitin. most c. di ...19846100139
[bacterial flora of the urogenital tract in men with non-gonorrheal urethritis]. 19846144143
clinical and microbiological characterization of patients with nonspecific vaginosis associated with motile, curved anaerobic rods.the vaginal secretions of 20 normal control subjects and 21 patients with motile, curved anaerobic rods were cultured for aerobic and anaerobic bacteria, chlamydia trachomatis, herpes simplex virus, and trichomonas vaginalis. extensive histories and physical examinations of the patients and microscopic appearance and gas-liquid chromatography patterns of vaginal secretions were compared between the two groups. the patients who had motile rods in their vaginal secretions more frequently presented ...19846144713
a kinetic study of the oxidative deamination of l-glutamate by peptostreptococcus asaccharolyticus glutamate dehydrogenase using a variety of coenzymes.the nad+-specific glutamate dehydrogenase from peptostreptococcus asaccharolyticus follows michaelis-menten kinetics in contrast to the enzyme from several other sources, and thus gives linear double-reciprocal plots of initial-rate data. the initial-rate parameters have been determined for this bacterial dehyrogenase in the direction of oxidative deamination. the use of alternative coenzymes leads to some conclusions about the order of substrate addition. an investigation of the ph dependence o ...19846148240
peptostreptococcus productus strain that grows rapidly with co as the energy source.anaerobic bacteria were enriched with a sewage digestor sludge inoculum and a mineral medium supplemented with b-vitamins and 0.05% yeast extract and with a 50% co-30% n2-20% co2 (2 atm [202 kpa]) gas phase. microscopic observation revealed an abundance of gram-positive cocci, 1.0 by 1.4 micron, which occurred in pairs or chains. the coccus, strain u-1, was isolated by using roll tubes with co as the energy source. based on morphology, sugars fermented, fermentation products from glucose (h2, ac ...19846430231
[a case of septic pulmonary emboli due to peptostreptococcus associated with liver abscess]. 19846434659
diffuse sclerosing osteomyelitis of the mandible.the medical care of patients with diffuse sclerosing osteomyelitis (dso) of the mandible has been unsatisfactory. the main reasons for this have been insufficient knowledge of the disease and its natural history, difficulties in establishing the correct diagnosis, and the unknown etiology. the clinical features and natural history of the disease were studied by means of repeated radiographic and scintigraphic recordings. the biopsy technique was improved by using a slowly rotating coarse trepan ...19846437998
surgical management of piriform sinus fistula.four cases of acute cervical abscess resulting from infection through the left piriform sinus fistula are described. the fistula seems to be related to the cause of infection in many of previously reported cases of acute suppurative thyroiditis or "recurrent lateral cervical fistula." complete removal of the fistula is essential to a permanent cure, and the guide of a fogarty catheter through the fistula is useful at operation for patients with repeated infection.19846465693
anaerobic bacteria isolated from foot infections in diabetic patients: in vitro susceptibility to nine antibiotics.twenty-nine isolates of anaerobic bacteria from foot infections in diabetic patients were tested, using the agar dilution method, for in vitro susceptibility to nine antimicrobial agents. imipenem and metronidazole showed excellent activity; clindamycin and chloramphenicol were next in terms of efficacy. cefoxitin and moxalactam demonstrated good activity, although three isolates of the bacteroides fragilis group were resistant to moxalactam. penicillin g, cefotaxime, and cefoperazone showed poo ...19846467279
production of menaquinones by intestinal anaerobes.ninety intestinal organisms (71 isolates from fecal samples of neutropenic patients with cancer or from various sites in patients with intraabdominal infections and 19 control strains) were examined by reverse-phase thin-layer chromatography for their ability to produce menaquinones in vitro. menaquinones were found in all of 24 organisms of the bacteroides fragilis group. two other bacteroides species, bacteroides disiens and bacteroides bivius, also produced menaquinones. a single isolate of b ...19846470528
anaerobic ureolytic bacteria from caecal content and soft faeces of rabbit.forty strains of ureolytic bacteria were isolated from the caecal content and soft faeces of seven rabbits by the anaerobic roll tube method and were characterized. the isolates were identified with clostridium coccoides, cl. innocuum, peptostreptococcus productus, p. micros, peptococcus magnus, fusobacterium russii and fusobacterium sp. urease activity of representative strains of the various species was also determined. the study indicated that strongly-ureolytic anaerobic bacteria are present ...19846490567
peptostreptococcal empyema in akinetic mutism.peptostreptococcal empyema occurred in a 54-year-old man who had suffered from diabetes mellitus and had been in akinetic mutism. ultrasonic tomogram was useful to detect the space of empyema and to identify the decrease in volume of the empyema space with treatment.19846492491
microorganisms isolated from infected aural fistulas.aural fistula is a congenital deformity of the external ear relatively common in orientals and rare in caucasians. suppuration tends to occur, and chemotherapy rather than surgical drainage should be attempted. however, the lack of information concerning infected aural fistulas has made appropriate chemotherapy difficult. microorganisms isolated from 13 cases of infected aural fistulas were studied from january 1981 to december 1982. six species and 22 strains were isolated; nonsporeforming facu ...19846492970
induction in rats of serum agglutinins to eubacterium, peptostreptococcus and coprococcus species by the faecal flora from patients with crohn's disease and healthy subjects.sera from patients with crohn's disease more often than those from other subjects contain agglutinins against anaerobic coccoid rods, identified as peptostreptococcus productus, eubacterium contortum (two strains) and coprococcus comes. the presence of antigens of the four coccoid rods in faeces of patients with crohn's disease and healthy subjects was investigated by inoculation of rats with faecal suspensions. antigens of the coccoid rods were detected in faeces from both patients with crohn's ...19846501880
characterization of peptostreptococcus asaccharolyticus glutamate dehydrogenase purified by dye-ligand chromatography.glutamate dehydrogenase (l-glutamate:nad+ oxidoreductase (deaminating); ec has been purified from peptostreptococcus asaccharolyticus in a single step using dye-ligand chromatography. the enzyme (gdh) was present in high yields and was stabilized in crude extracts. a subunit molecular weight of 49000 +/- 500 was determined by sds polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and six bands were obtained after cross-linking the subunits with dimethyl suberimidate. this bacterial gdh was predominantl ...19846502134
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