TitleAbstractYear(sorted ascending)
antimicrobial activity of antituberculosis agents against anaerobic bacteria.anaerobic infections may coexist with tuberculosis, and can be mistaken for one another. the effect of therapy with antituberculosis chemotherapeutic agents against anaerobic bacteria (with the exception of rifampin) is unknown. we therefore examined the in vitro efficacy of certain commonly used antituberculosis agents (rifampin, isoniazid, and ethambutol) against 370 strains of anaerobic bacteria, including 86 isolates of bacteroides fragilis. rifampin at a concentration of 2 microgram/ml inhi ...1979436485
aerobic and anaerobic bacterial flora of the maternal cervix and newborn gastric fluid and conjunctiva: a prospective study.aerobic and anaerobic cultures were performed on cervical swabs from 35 mothers and their newborn infants' gastric aspirates and conjunctival sacs. four hundred seventy-nine isolates were obtained; 287 were aerobes and 192 were anaerobes. the cervical and gastric cultures overall yielded a similar flora, but this was not always the case when one compared mothers with their own newborn infants. the conjunctival cultures yielded about half of the number of bacteria per specimen that the gastric co ...1979440845
fecal bacteria in south african rural blacks and other population groups.quantitative studies were performed on fecal flora of three population groups consuming different diets. twenty rural black south africans and 22 japanese, representing groups at low risk for carcinoma of the colon, were compared with 41 north americans from a high-risk population. specimens taken immediately after defecation were mixed and processed under anaerobic conditions. after the initial incubation, roll tubes were shipped to the united states for final identification. bacterioides and b ...1979447500
[short-term oral chemoprophylaxis before intestine surgery. quantitative determination of bacteria and fungi in stool specimens (author's transl)].the methods of quantitative analysis of aerobe and anaerobe microbes and fungi stool specimens are described. the results of the studies in health people are compared to the results in patients undergoing surgical treatment of intestinal tract. a group of these patients received neomycin and bacitracin orally as short-time chemoprophylaxis to diminish possible woundinfection and/or sepsis. after oral medication germs as bifidobacterium, bacteroides and clostridium (not cl. perfringens) are reduc ...1979452770
bactericidal effect of cysteine exposed to atmospheric oxygen.peptostreptococcus anaerobius vpi 4330-1 was exposed to atmospheric oxygen in a dilution bland (0.2% gelatin, salts, resazurin) solution. the organisms were rapidly killed when the solution contained cysteine. the organisms were effectively protected by catalase and horseradish peroxidase as well as by the metal ion-chelating agents 8-hydroxyquinoline and 2,2'-bipyridine. superoxide dismutase increased the rate of killing of the organisms, whereas singlet oxygen quenchers and scavengers of hydro ...1979453819
isolation and characterisation of bacteria from abscesses in the subcutis of cats.thirty-six closed abcesses in the subcutis of cats were examined. of 168 bacterial strains isolated, 121(72%) were anaerobes and 47 (28%) were facultative anaerobes. twenty-six abscesses contained mixtures of facultative anaerobes and anaerobes, six contained anaerobes only and four contained facultative anaerobes only. bacteriodes was the genus most commonly isolated (28.6% of all isolates) followed by fusobacterium (19.0%) and pasteurella (multocida) (13.1%). peptostreptococcus anaerobius was ...1979458840
[first steps in the bacterial colonization of the digestive tract of neonates (author's transl)].meconium samples obtained from 14 children aged 18 to 51 h were subjected to a quantitative differential analysis. the meconium of one of the children (47 h old) was sterile; in those of the 11 infants aged less than 47 h the dominant flora was composed of either enterobacteria, mainly escherichia coli sensitive to usual antibiotics, or of streptococci. the genus acinetobacter constituted the dominant flora in one case only. staphylococcus, corynebacterium, clostridium (c. perfringens), bacteroi ...1979475219
description of strains of peptostreptococcus anaerobius isolated from subcutaneous abscesses in cats.strains of peptostreptococcus, streptococcus and of a gram-positive coccus, which was initially isolated as an anaerobe but grew subsequently as a facultative organism, were isolated from subcutaneous abscesses in cats. the cat strains of peptostreptococcus gave metabolic fermentation products in combinations described for p. anaerobius. the streptococcus strains conformed to the group s. intermedius. the facultative organism described had the metabolic products of p. anaerobius but the distinct ...1979479840
[bacteriological diagnosis of anaerobic infections (author's transl)].a review on anaerobic bacteria with special reference to their role in human disease and an outline for clinical laboratory practice (collection of the specimens, culture media, isolation, identification, antibiotic sensitivity tests) is presented.1979485599
aerobic and anaerobic bacterial flora in semen from fertile and infertile groups of men.semen samples were collected by masturbation under asceptic conditions from men who had sired children within the past 6 mo (group a) and asymptomatic men attending an infertility clinic who had not sired children and whose wives were asymptomatic for infertility (group b). these 109 semen samples were analyzed and cultured for isolation of aerobic and anerobic organisms. overall, 68% of the specimens had positive bacterial cultures: 54% of the samples from group a were positive and 73% from gro ...1979485650
capacity of anaerobic bacteria from necrotic dental pulps to induce purulent infections.combinations of bacteria isolated from the root canals of teeth with necrotic pulps and periapical bone destruction were tested for their capacity to induce abscess formation and transmissible infections when inoculated subcutaneously into guinea pigs. transmissible infections could be induced with combinations obtained from teeth with purulent apical inflammation, but not with combinations from symptomless teeth with chronic apical inflammation. all combinations which gave transmissible infecti ...1979489126
anaerobic bacteria in late infections following orthopedic surgery.twelve patients with late anaerobic infection following hip or knee arthroplasty or tibia osteosynthesis are presented. peptococci (peptococcus asaccharolyticus, p. magnus, p. prevotii) and peptostreptococci (peptostreptococcus micros, p. anaerobius, p. parvulus) were present in nine of the cases. anaerobic gram-positive or -negative rods were found in three cases (propionibacterium acnes, actinomyces israelii, and bacteroides fragilis). antibodies against the isolated bacteria were detected in ...1979492071
recovery of anaerobic bacteria from pediatric patients. a one-year experience.during 1975, 115 speciments from the soft tissues, body fluids, and purulent sites in 105 pediatric ward and nursery patients were submitted to the clinical laboratory for anaerobic study, and 75% of the cultures were positive. in most instance specimens were collected in anaerobic transport tubes containing peptone yeast extract and glucose. in the laboratory, samples were processed by the anaerobic holding jar method. nineteen different anaerobic organisms were isolated; the average number of ...1979495592
osteomyelitis of the mandibular condyle secondary to dental extractions.although osteomyelitis of the mandibular condyle secondary to dental extraction is scarcely mentioned in the medical and dental literature, we have seen three cases within a two-year period. the first two patients were examined for an eroded condyle three months and 18 months following the extractions. the third patient, who was treated one month after extraction for acute osteomyelitis of the condyle, has done well. all three patients required operations and administration of long-term antibiot ...1979503487
obligate anaerobes in clinical veterinary practice.clinical specimens obtained from domestic animals were examined to determine the relative prevalence of obligate anaerobic bacteria and the species represented. of 3,167 samples cultured anaerobically as well as aerobically, 2,234 were bacteriologically positive. of these positive samples, 583 (26%) contained species of obligate anaerobic bacteria in a total of 641 isolates. most positive samples contained anaerobes admixed with aerobic species, although 6% of such samples yielded pure cultures ...1979511987
medium for selective isolation of fusobacterium nucleatum from human periodontal pockets.a selective medium, cve agar, was developed for the isolation of fusobacterium nucleatum from subgingival plaque of periodontally diseased patients. the medium contained 1.0% trypticase (bbl microbiology systems), 0.5% yeast extract, 0.5% nacl, 0.2% glucose, 0.02% l-tryptophan, 1.5% agar, and 5% defibrinated whole sheep blood. erythromycin and crystal violet were added as the selective inhibitory agents at concentrations of 4 and 5 micrograms/ml, respectively. the medium permitted almost total r ...1979521483
differentiation of peptococcus and peptostreptococcus by gas-liquid chromatography of cellular fatty acids and metabolic products.gas-liquid chromatographic (glc) profiles of cellular fatty acids and metabolic products were useful in identifying strains of peptococcus saccharolyticus, peptococcus asaccharolyticus, peptostreptococcus anaerobius, peptostreptococcus micros, and streptococcus intermedius. the glc results supported the recent taxonomic decision to transfer aerotolerant peptostreptococcus species to the genus streptococcus. because inconsistencies in the results prevented our differentiating peptococcus prevotii ...1979528680
anaerobic isolates in chronic suppurative otitis media. 1979538681
subdural interhemispheric empyema in a 7-year-old boy.subdural interhemispheric empyema was diagnosed by angiography and computerized tomography (ct) in a 7-year-old boy suffering from acute left hemiparesis. after neurosurgical intervention his condition improved. peptostreptococcus intermedius was cultured from the empyema. one year after hospitalisation the boy is in good condition. the importance of the ct-scanning for diagnosis and management of brain abscess or empyema is stressed.1979541221
comparison of three methods of susceptibility testing of bacteroidaceae, peptococcaceae and other anaerobes to doxycycline.the in vitro activity of doxycycline against 147 strains of gram-positive and gram-negative anaerobes was determined by broth dilution, agar dilution and agar diffusion tests. the strains were isolated from clinical specimens in 1977. saccharolytic bacteroides strains (39 b. fragilis, 6 b. thetaiotaomicron, 4 b. vulgatus) showed broth dilution mics of less than or equal to 0.0625-4.0 microgram/ml after 5 h incubation and mics of less than or equal to 16 microgram/ml after 15 h incubation at 37 d ...1979543353
[infections by anaerobic sporeless bacteria]. 1979551585
post-tonsillectomy anaerobic septicemia. 1979286176
long-term effects of tetracycline on the subgingival microflora. 1979287678
anaerobic and aerobic bacteriology of acute conjunctivitis.aerobic and anaerobic cultures and clinical data were obtained from 131 patients presenting with acute conjunctivitis. similar cultures were obtained from 60 noninflamed individuals. anaerobes were isolated from 66 patients, 51 times in mixed culture with aerobes and 15 times (11.5%) as the only isolates. aerobes only were recovered in 54 patients. the organisms found to be statistically significantly more commonly recovered from eyes with conjunctivitis were staphylococcus aureus, hemophilus in ...1979313179
bovine superoxide dismutase and copper ions potentiate the bactericidal effect of autoxidizing cysteine.when cysteine is oxidized by oxygen, hydrogen peroxide is formed, and hydrogen peroxide is very toxic to peptostreptococcus anaerobius vpi 4330-1. native and inactivated superoxide dismutase increased the rate of oxidation of cysteine and thereby potentiated the toxic effect of cysteine. a similar increase in the rate of oxidation of cysteine and in the toxicity of cysteine was obtained with cu2+.1979573589
bacteriology and therapy of lung abscess in children.the bacteriology and clinical findings of ten pediatric patients with lung abscess are presented. bacteriologic data were based on percutaneous transtracheal aspiration obtained before initiation of antimicrobial therapy. anaerobic bacteria were present in all ten patients; in nine they were mixed with aerobic bacteria. the most frequent isolates were peptostreptococcus (8), peptococcus (5), bacteroides melaninogenicus (6), and bacteroides fragilis (3). the aerobic isolates most frequently recov ...1979758385
bacteriology of chronic otitis media.tympanocentesis was performed in 50 patients with chronic otitis media; pus was cultured aerobically and anaerobically. only aerobes were isolated from 21 patients (42%), three patients had only anaerobes (peptococcus sp), and 25 patients (50%) had both aerobes and anaerobes. only one specimen had no growth. there were 68 aerobic isolates. pseudomonas aeruginosa was recovered in 36 patients (72%); other aerobes commonly recovered included proteus sp and staphylococcus aureus. there were 48 anaer ...1979759663
do anaerobes cause urinary tract infection? 19806101823
neutrophil chemotaxis induced by anaerobic bacteria isolated from necrotic dental pulps.anaerobic bacteria belonging to the species bacteroides melaninogenicus, bacteroides asaccharolyticus, fusobacterium nucleatum, peptostreptococcus anaerobius and eubacterium alactolyticum, isolated from necrotic dental pulps, were tested for their capacity to induce neutrophil leukocyte chemotaxis. generation of chemotactic factors in serum by whole bacterial cells and chemotaxis induced by bacterial extracts were studied in vitro by the boyden technique. subcutaneously implanted wound chambers ...19806103573
in vitro inhibition of neisseria gonorrhoeae growth by strict anaerobes.thirty two anaerobic bacterial strains were screened for their in vitro inhibitory activity toward 21 neisseria gonorrhoeae strains, including two penicillin-resistant strains. from this screening, six anaerobic bacteria belonging to the genera bacteroides, peptostreptococcus, and eubacterium were selected for their large antigonococcal spectrum of activity. the inhibitory activity of these six strains appears to be specific to the gonococcus as a variety of anaerobes and aerobes were not genera ...19806105130
continuous fluorescence assay, partial purification and properties of flavokinase from megasphaera elsdenii. 19806246392
antigenic relationships and rapid identification of peptostreptococcus species.antisera against whole cells of each peptostreptococcus species (p. anaerobius, p. micros, p. parvulus, and p. productus) were produced in rabbits. when these antisera were reacted against sonically disrupted cells and culture supernatant fluids in ouchterlony tests, lines of identity were obtained among the antigens from all the species and uninoculated culture medium. when the antisera were subsequently absorbed with the dehydrated culture medium used to grow the peptostreptococci, all cross-r ...19806769956
kinetic parameters of lactate dehydrogenases of some rumen bacterial species, the anaerobic ciliate isotricha prostoma and mixed rumen microorganisms.a number of kinetic parameters of the lactate dehydrogenases of three rumen bacterial species (peptostreptococcus productus, propionibacterium acnes and actinomyces viscosus), the rumen ciliate isotricha prostoma and mixed rumen microorganisms (mrm) with respect to nadh, pyruvate, fructose-1,6-diphosphate (fdp) as well as the effects of several nucleotide phosphates were studied. partially purified ldh of peptostr. productus had the same kinetic parameters as in crude cell free extracts. values ...19806778389
pediatric infectious cervical lymphadenitis.infectious cervical lymphadenitis is a frequently encountered problem in the pediatric population. the recent experience with infectious cervical lymphadenitis at the children's hospital of philadelphia was reviewed. the most common etiologic agent was staphylococcus aureus. beta-hemolytic streptococcus and mycobacterium were found in 15% and 6% of cases respectively. other agents included pneumococcus, cat scratch, toxoplasma gondii, actinomycosis, and mixed bacteroides and peptostreptococcus. ...19806821410
[a bacteriological study of peritonsillar abscess and its chemotherapy (author's transl)]. 19806942141
[saprophytic and opportunistic non spore-forming anaerobic microflora of the vagina (author's transl)].a microbiological survey has been carried out on 179 healthy, child-bearing aged, non-pregnant women, with the aim to evaluate the incidence of anaerobic non-spore forming bacteria in the normal vaginal flora. this group of bacteria has been isolated in 50.3% of women, with a clear prevalence of "anaerobic streptococci " and bacteroides, followed by fusobacterium and veillonella. no propionibacterium, eubacterium or bifidobacterium have been isolated. according to many authors the non-spore form ...19807018415
microorganisms associated with abscesses of sheep and goats in the south of iran.a total of 86 abscesses (45 and 41) abscesses of sheep and goats, respectively) were examined for their causal agents; 44 of these abscesses were located subcutaneously, and the remaining 42 were in lungs, livers, intestines, and udders. a total of 23 different types of microorganisms were isolated from 78 abscesses; bacteria were not detected in the remaining eight abscesses. microorganisms isolated were: species of the genera corynebacterium, staphylococcus, and streptococcus and pasteurella, ...19806996545
introduction of anaerobic methodology into a clinical microbiological laboratory.for the successful introduction of anaerobic methodology into a clinical microbiological laboratory, several factors are very important. these include: 1) laboratory; 2) establishment of skilful technicians and adequate equipment; and 3) communication with clinicians who believe in anaerobes as infectious agents and are interested in working with the microbiologist. the beneficial effects of these factors on a laboratory's efficiency in providing an anaerobic service are demonstrated by the foll ...19807005099
puerperal sepsis in port moresby, papua new guinea.because puerperal sepsis is the second most common cause of maternal death in papua new guinea some aspects of its aetiology and prevention have been investigated. 91% of 125 women with puerperal fever were found to have post-partum uterine infection. the anaerobes bacteroides and peptostreptococcus singly or together, were the commonest causes, while streptococcus pyogenes was the predominant aerobic species. antibiotic sensitivity patterns were established, and chloramphenicol was found to be ...19807008426
the assay on a defined medium of the effects of beta-2-thienylalanine on the growth of anaerobic bacterial isolates from phenylketonuric patients.faecal samples were taken from three diet-managed phenylketonuric children to determine effects of beta-2-thienylalanine (beta-2-t) on indigenous bacteria. from sample swabs, 127 anaerobes were identified and tested for beta-2-t inhibition on a phenylalanine (phe)-free medium, anaerobe inhibition test (ait) agar. of the isolates, 77.9% grew sufficiently to assay reactions on at least 25% of ait plates. using phe-containing columbia agar, 86.5% of the strains could be assayed. none of 28 bacteroi ...19807189815
a possible role of eubacterium and peptostreptococcus species in the aetiology of crohn's disease.the faecal flora of patients with crohn's disease has been found to contain higher numbers of anaerobic gram-negative rods and gram-positive coccoid rods than the flora of healthy subjects. in a considerable percentage of sera from patients with crohn's disease, agglutinating antibodies were found against four strains of the coccoid rods, in contrast to sera from patients with ulcerative colitis, other diseases and healthy subjects. in the present study, coccoid strains c18, me46 and me47 were f ...19807235691
determination of fmn and fad by fluorescence titration with apoflavodoxin. 19807374468
isolation, synthesis, and properties of 8-hydroxyflavins. 19807374472
bacterial studies of peritoneal cavity and postoperative surgical wound drainage following perforated appendix in children.this study reports bacterial specimens obtained from 112 children presenting with a ruptured appendix. additional samples were studied from 11 of these patients who developed a postoperative surgical draining wound. bacterial growth occurred in 100 peritoneal fluid specimens. anaerobic bacteria alone were present in 14 specimens, aerobes alone in 12, and mixed aerobic an anerobic flora in 74 specimens. there were 144 aerobic isolates (1.4 per specimen). the predominant isolates were: e. coli (57 ...19807406576
aerobic and anaerobic bacteriology of cervical adenitis in children.needle aspirates from 53 inflamed cervical lymph glands were studies for aerobic and anaerobic bacteria and mycobacteria. bacterial growth was achieved in 45 patients (85%). sixty-six bacterial isolates were recovered, averaging 1.5 isolates per specimen (0.8 aerobes and 0.7 anaerobes), with as many as 4 isolates in some specimens. aerobic organisms alone were recovered in 27 aspirates (60%) of the 45 culture-positive aspirates, anaerobic bacteria alone in 8 (18%), and mixed aerobic and anaerobi ...19807408372
['sterile' brain abscesses (author's transl)].in 16 cases of brain abscess (1970 to 1976) 10 could be identified to be bacteriologically sterile. however in 5 cases of "sterile" cerebral abscesses, where swabs were taken under anaerobic conditions, it was possible to isolate anaerobic bacteria in every case. it is concluded that in reality thse so-called "sterile" brain abscesses were also contaminated with anaerobes.19807415618
agglutinins to bacteria in crohn's disease.sera from patients with crohn's disease were tested for antibodies against organisms which are thought to cause inflammatory bowel disease in animals, or have been implicated in human crohn's disease. control sera were collected from healthy individuals and patients with ulcerative colitis. sera from crohn's disease and controls failed to agglutinate clostridium colinum or campylobacter sputorum subsp. mucosalis and two strains of mycobacterium paratuberculosis (m26 and m27). most of the sera ag ...19807429299
bactericidal effect of hydrogen peroxide is prevented by the lactoperoxidase-thiocyanate system under anaerobic conditions.streptococcus sanguis and peptostreptococcus anaerobius were exposed to various combinations of the components of the lactoperoxidase-thiocyanate-hydrogen peroxide system. the bactericidal effect of hydrogen peroxide was prevented under anaerobic conditions by lactoperoxidase together with thiocyanate, but not by lactoperoxidase or thiocyanate alone. thiocyanate was effective already at a molar ratio to hydrogen peroxide of 1:100.19807429633
effect of temperature, humidity and exposure to oxygen on the survival of anaerobic bacteria.the relative effect of humidity, temperature and exposure to oxygen on the survival of 11 strains of bacteriodes spp., fusobacterium necrophorum, eubacterium lentum, clostridium ramosum, peptococcus asaccharolyticus and peptostreptococcus anaerobius was evaluated. suspensions of the test strains were applied to membrane filters either in empty sterile petri dishes or on plates of non-nutrient agar to provide dry or moist conditions. the filters were stored aerobically or anaerobically in an atmo ...19807431377
[pleuro-pulmonary infections with anaerobic germs (author's transl)].the author presents his experience with the study of 42 patients with pleuro-pulmonary infection with anaerobic germs. he underlines the value of research tending to improve the conditions of sampling and culturing to ensure a bacteriological diagnosis and the setting of a suitable therapy.19807433351
anaerobic and aerobic bacteriology of decubitus ulcers in children.forty-two children with decubitus ulcers were studied using aerobic and anaerobic techniques. anaerobic bacteria were isolated in 21 (50%) of the patients, five times as the only isolates and 16 times mixed with aerobes. aerobes only were present in 20 (48%) of the patients. there were a total of 83 isolates, 46 aerobes and 37 anaerobes, with an average of two species per specimen (1.1 aerobes and 0.9 anaerobes). the predominant anaerobic isolates were gram-positive cocci (17), bacteroides fragi ...19807436139
[bacteriological examinations of liquid drawn from the pouch of douglas (author's transl)].the article reports on bacteriological examinations of 510 samples of liquid drawn from the pouch of douglas (excavatio rectouterina) during pelviscopy in patients not displaying any signs of inflammation. bacterial populations were found in 270 samples (= 52.9%). the results are subdivided according to aerobic and anaerobic types of pathogens and their incidence.19807450495
[endocarditis due to the anaerobe peptostreptococcus]. 19807450583
[pathology caused by anaerobic bacteria in pediatrics. our cases]. 19807453681
production of p-hydroxyhydrocinnamic acid from tyrosine by peptostreptococcus anaerobius.peptostreptococcus anaerobius was found to metabolize tyrosine to p-hydroxyhydrocinnamic acid [3-(p-hydroxyphenyl)propionic acid]. this acid was detected in spent growth media by gas-liquid chromatography, and its identity was confirmed by mass spectrometry.19807229012
production of deoxyribonuclease, ribonuclease, coagulase, and hemolysins by anaerobic gram-positive cocci.clinical isolates of peptococcus and peptostreptococcus species and streptococcus intermedius strains were obtained from local hospitals. after confirmed identification, each isolate was tested for the in vitro production of deoxyribonuclease, ribonuclease, coagulase, and hemolysins. of the 60 strains studied, 18 had enzymatic activity. the variability of enzyme production suggests that such assays are not suitable as an aid to identification of these organisms.19817229018
studies of anaerobic bacteria in chronic otitis the 760 cases of chronic otitis media studied from 1970 to 1976, the detection ratio of anaerobic bacteria and the relation between the nature of anaerobic bacteria and the conditions of focus were investigated. in 8.2% of 760 cases 9 kinds and 81 strains of anaerobic bacteria was detected. most of the anaerobic bacteria were peptococcus sp. or bacteroides sp. and in general non-sporogenic anaerobic bacteria accounted for 97.5%. anaerobes were frequently detected in cases where the middle ea ...19817231031
characterization of the cecal bacteria of normal hundred ninety-two isolates from cecal contents of three normal weaned pigs were obtained by means of anaerobic roll tube methods and were characterized. seventy-eight percent of the isolates were gram-negative. the most numerous species isolated from each of the pigs was bacteroides ruminicola. this species accounted for 35% of the isolates that were characterized, and selenomonas ruminantium accounted for 21% of the isolates. other gram-negative bacteria isolated from all three pigs were b ...19817235711
agglutination of eubacterium and peptostreptococcus species as a diagnostic test for crohn's disease.the anaerobic fecal flora of patients with crohn's disease has been found to differ from the flora of healthy subjects by higher numbers of anaerobic gram-negative rods and gram-positive coccoid rods. agglutinating antibodies against strains of coccoid rods, belonging to species of eubacterium and peptostreptococcus were detected in much higher percentages of sera from patients with crohn's disease than in those from patients with ulcerative colitis, and healthy subjects. on the basis of the res ...19817250896
antibodies to eubacterium and peptostreptococcus species and the estimated probability of crohn's disease.anaerobic coccoid rods belonging to species of eubacterium and peptostreptococcus agglutinate more frequently with sera from patients with crohn's disease than with sera from patients suffering from other diseases and from healthy subjects. results of agglutination test with four strains of coccoid anaerobes were used to estimate the probability that a patient suffers from crohn's disease. the data on healthy subjects and patients with crohn's disease were subjected to logistic discriminant anal ...19817252136
[infectious peptostreptococcus endocarditis after heart catheterization]. 19817266360
aerobic and anaerobic bacteria in tonsils of children with recurrent tonsillitis.tonsils were obtained from 50 children suffering from recurrent tonsillitis. patients' ages ranged from 2.5 to 17 years (mean 6 years); 29 were males and 21 females. the tonsils were sectioned in half after heat searing of the surface and the core material was cultured for aerobic and anaerobic microorganisms. mixed aerobic and anaerobic flora was obtained in all patients, yielding an average of 7.8 isolates (4.1 anaerobes and 3.7 aerobes) per specimen. there were 207 anaerobes isolated. the pre ...19817271131
adrenal abscess in a neonate due to gas-informing organisms: a diagnostic dilemma.a case of adrenal abscess due to bacteroides and peptostreptococcus in a 16-day-old infant is presented. the clinical manifestations consisted of a huge abdominal swelling associated with fever and lethargy. this is the first case report of an adrenal abscess due to gas-forming organisms, a finding which makes the preoperative diagnosis more difficult. surgical drainage, subtotal excision of the abscess wall under cover of antibiotics and preservation of the ipsilateral kidney were followed by s ...19817282048
[complication following the vaginal use of potassium permanganate for an abortion].complications after abortifacient use of potassium permanganate in a 22-year old woman are described. approximately 1 month prior to admission, the patient placed in the vagina a bag with potassium permanganate for 12 hours. gynecological examination showed stenosis of the vagina, enlargement of the uterus, and adhesions in the cervix and vagina. the patient underwent surgical separation of the vagina, daily irrigations of the vagina, and postoperative administration of ampilillin. microbiol ...19817304855
case report: livedo reticularis in endocarditis.the peripheral manifestations of bacterial endocarditis are manifold and provide diagnostic clues as to the onset, etiology and potential complications of the disease. petechiae, splinter hemorrhages, and osler's nodes are among the more common cutaneous signs of endocarditis thought to be secondary to an allergic vasculitis or, as in the case of osler's nodes, peripheral emboli. an asymmetric livedo reticularis rash was the initial presentation in a patient we recently treated with peptostrepto ...19817315865
extensive botryomycosis in a patient with diabetes and chronic active hepatitis.extensive botryomycosis was diagnosed in a patient with diabetes mellitus with chronic active hepatitis. peptostreptococcus organisms and staphylococcus aureus grew from the sulfur granule cultures. the patient's neutrophils showed notable inhibition of chemotaxis toward endotoxin-activated normal serum. the patient's serum also had an inhibitor to neutrophil chemotaxis, this inhibiting substance was probably antistreptolysin o. results of other tests of neutrophil function and skin tests to eva ...19817316536
[the absorption, excretion and influence on bowel flora of oral paromomycin sulfate (author's transl)].the absorption, excretion and influence on bowel flora of oral paromomycin sulfate (aminosidine, prm) were studied in ten normal volunteers taking a normal diet, and the following results were obtained. 1. serum levels of prm were observed 0.46 micrograms/ml at a half hour, 1.14 micrograms/ml at 1 hour, 1.48 micrograms/ml at 2 hours, 0.70 micrograms/ml at 4 hours, 0.29 micrograms at 6 hours and were almost faded out at 12 hours after 4 grams of oral administration. 2. during 0 approximately 2 ho ...19817321186
fatal aspiration pneumonia in an african elephant. 19817328011
on the formation of 3-phenylpropionate and the different stereo-chemical course of the reduction of cinnamate by clostridium sporogenes and peptostreptococcus anaerobius. 19817202724
animal model for anaerobic lung abscess.there are no satisfactory animal models for the study of anaerobic lung abscess. aspiration of food, gastric mucin, or hydrochloric acid, or any combination of these, along with oropharyngeal bacteria, is commonly believed to cause aspiration pneumonia and lung abscess. in the animal model described, none of the adjuvants was effective in producing anaerobic lung abscesses. anaerobic bacteria derived from dental scrapings of a healthy adult (peptococcus morbillorum, fusobacterium nucleatum, euba ...19817216463
management of an anaerobic infection in a prosthetic knee with long-term antibiotics alone: a case report.a 74-year-old woman had a spherocentric arthroplasty performed on her left knee. after four postoperative weeks, she developed and swelling in the joint. an anaerobic streptococcus was isolated from a joint aspirate. the patient was treated solely with knee immobilization and intravenous penicillin g for five weeks. joint aspirates at the end of treatment and six months posttreatment were sterile. however, after ten posttreatment months, the peptostreptococcal infection recurred. sterile joint a ...19817226607
premature labor. ii. bacterial sources of phospholipase.human term labor is thought to be initiated by amniotic and chorionic phospholipase a2, an enzyme that liberates arachidonic acid esters from the phospholipids of these membranes, leading to the synthesis of prostaglandins by the placental membranes. the striking association of premature labor with intrauterine infection or contamination, urinary tract infection, and early neonatal sepsis led us to study the microorganisms present in these infections for phospholipase a2 activity. activity was f ...19817017516
anaerobic bacteria in pediatric respiratory infection: progress in diagnosis and treatment. 19817017948
microbial flora of the lower genital tract of women in labour in zaria, nigeria.nine genera of microbes isolated from the lower genital tract of 187 women in labour in zaria have been identified. the work was undertaken to establish the nature of microorganisms in the lower genital tract of women in labour as a basis for further study. the isolates in order of prevalence were: candida albicans (20.9%), klebsiella sp (15.0%), escherichia coli (9.1%), streptococcus faecalis (6.4%), haemolytic streptococci (other than streptococcus pyogenes (2.7%), streptococcus viridans (2.1% ...19817007447
bacteriologic study of paronychia in children. 19816972709
[experimental study of the pathogenicity of anaerobic streptococci (peptostreptococci)]. 19816977248
the faecal flora of patients with crohn's disease.the faecal flora of patients with crohn's disease was compared with that of healthy subjects. in patients with terminal ileitis, numbers of anaerobic gram-negative and coccoid rods (species of eubacterium and peptostreptococcus) were higher than in the controls whereas anaerobic gram-positive rods and cocci and aerobes occurred in normal numbers. the composition of the flora was neither influenced by duration of the disease nor by ileocaecal resection. in healthy subjects and patients, a chemica ...19817019315
serum agglutinins to eubacterium and peptostreptococcus species in crohn's and other diseases.sera from patients suffering from crohn's and other diseases and from healthy subjects were tested for agglutinins to anaerobic, gram-positive coccoid rods belonging to species of eubacterium and peptostreptococcus. four strains labelled eubacterium contortum (two strains), eubacterium rectale and peptostreptococcus productus were agglutinated by a higher percentage of sera from patients with crohn's disease than from healthy subjects and from patients with liver and intestinal diseases (includi ...19817019318
colonic bacteria: a source of gamma-aminobutyric acid in blood. 19817019921
[endometrial bacteriology in puerperal infections (author's transl)].from the third to the sixth day postpartum transcervical endometrial swabs were taken from 51 women with the clinical signs of endometritis, like fever over 38 degree c, uterine tenderness and purulent lochia using prereduced anaerobic transport-media. the specimens were cultured aerobically and anaerobically. 27 women had an endometritis following vaginal delivery, 24 following caesarian section. following vaginal delivery aerobic bacteria were isolated in 85.2% of the cases and anaerobic bacte ...19817032100
n-formimidoyl-thienamycin activity against anaerobes: effect of the inoculum, ph and culture media. 19816945303
bacteriologic evaluation of the efficacy of mechanical root canal instrumentation in endodontic therapy.the presence of bacteria in 17 single-rooted teeth, with periapical lesions, was studied throughout a whole period of treatment. the root canals were irrigated with physiologic saline solution during instrumentation. no antibacterial solutions or dressings were used. bacteria were found in all initial specimens from the teeth (median number of bacterial cells 4 x 10(5), range 10(2) - 10(7)) and the number of strains in the specimens ranged from 1 to 10.88% of the strains were anaerobic. the most ...19816947391
[comparative study of the flora of the pocket and gingival sulcus]. 19816949889
[study on anaerobic gram-positive cocci in human dental plaque (author's transl)]. 19816950002
serum antibodies to anaerobic coccoid rods in patients with crohn's disease or ulcerative colitis, and in medical and nursing staff. 19816779893
bacterial interference between clostridium difficile and normal fecal flora.clostridium difficile has been shown to be the cause of virtually all cases of pseudomembranous colitis related to the administration of antimicrobial agents. it is possible that some antimicrobial agents alter the normal bacterial flora of the gastrointestinal tract so as to permit colonization and/or proliferation by c. difficile. the inhibitory activity of representative fecal bacteria from 23 anaerobic and aerobic genera against c. difficile was examined using two in vitro procedures. strain ...19816785366
thermodynamic and electron paramagnetic resonance characterization of flavin in succinate dehydrogenase.thermodynamic parameters of succinate dehydrogenase flavin were determined potentiometrically from the analysis of free radical signal levels as a function of the oxidation-reduction potential. midpoint redox potentials of consecutive 1-electron transfer steps are -127 and -31 mv at ph 7.0. this corresponds to a stability constant of intermediate stability, 2.5 x 10(-2), which suggests flavin itself may be a converter from n = 2 to n = 1 electron transfer steps. the pk values of the free radical ...19816263883
hydrolytic enzymes of anaerobic bacteria isolated from human infections.thirty-three strains of anaerobic bacteria isolated from human clinical specimens were examined for the presence of heparinase, hyaluronidase, chondroitin sulfatase, gelatinase, collagenase, fibrinolysin, lecithinase, and lipase activities. pronounced heparinase activity was limited to species of the genus bacteroides. a number of species of the genera bacteroides and clostridium produced hyaluronidase and chondroitin sulfatase. gelatinase, collagenase, and fibrinolysin activities were encounter ...19816268657
[influence of cefotiam (sce-963, ctm) on bowel flora (author's transl)].the influence on bowel flora of ctm was studied in 5 children who were taking normal diet. 1) in the cases following no diarrhea, administration of ctm caused no significant changes in bowel flora. in the cases following diarrhea, administration of ctm caused a fall in coliform, bep group, lactobacillus and peptostreptococcus. however, after the administration was discontinued, the reduced bowel flora was returned to the normal range within a few days. 2) no overgrowth of bowel flora by pseudomo ...19816270414
growth of peptococcus and peptostreptococcus: effect of variations of culture media on efficiency of recovery.reference strains and clinical isolates of peptococcus and peptostreptococcus spp. were evaluated for their growth response in supplemented thioglycolate-yeast extract media. supplements used included various combinations of hemin, menadione, sodium bicarbonate, and tween 80. parallel studies were done to compare the efficiency of recovery of viable cells grown in thioglycolate-based media and wilkins-chalgren broth and agar. in addition, the effects of age of the medium and medium storage on vi ...19816271059
[comparison of antibacterial activity of cefmenoxime with other cephalosporins against clinically isolated bacteria (author's transl)].we examined the antibacterial activity of mx in comparison with those of other ceps, using aerobic gram-positive cocci, aerobic gram-negative bacilli and anaerobic bacteria, 870 strains in total, all isolated from clinical specimens, in 1979 and 1980. against streptococcus, cmx showed superior antibacterial activity than those of cfx, cmz, cxm and ctm. against h. influenzae, cmx also showed superior antibacterial activity than those of cfx, cmx, cxm, ctm and cez. abpc-and pipc-resistant strains ...19816278174
[a fundamental and clinical study of ceftizoxime in the field of obstetrics and gynecology (author's transl)].a fundamental and clinical study of ceftizoxime (czx), a new cephalosporin antibiotic, has brought about the following results. 1. the antibacterial activity of czx against bacteriodes fragilis and b. thetaiotaomicron was superior to that of cez, but inferior to that of cfx. czx was the most active of the 3 drugs against b. distasonis, and was as active as cfx against b. vulgatus. the mics of czx against peptococcus, peptostreptococcus and anaerobic streptococcus were 1.56 microgram/ml or lower. ...19816278175
acute suppurative parotitis associated with anaerobic bacteremia.most episodes of acute suppurative parotitis are caused by staphylococcus aureus. reported here is a patient who had acute parotitis associated with anaerobic sepsis caused by bacteroides melaninogenicus and peptostreptococcus micros. acute parotitis should be included in the ever-widening spectrum of clinical infections caused by anaerobic bacteria.19816110333
lactobacilli do not cause frequency and dysuria syndrome.mid-stream specimens (msu) of urine were collected from 142 healthy women (pregnant and non-pregnant) and cultured for lactobacilli and other fastidious bacteria. the latter either require co2 or are obligate anaerobes. lactobacilli were present in counts of 10(4)/ml or more in 34.8% of the women, and in counts of 10(5)/ml or more in 20.2%. besides lactobacilli, which were the bacteria most frequently isolated, anaerobic gram-positive cocci (peptococci and peptostreptococci) were often found. th ...19816115160
aerobic and anaerobic bacteriology of peritonsillar abscess in children.aspiration of peritonsillar abscess (quinsy) was aseptically performed in 16 children. patients' median age was 10 years (range 6 to 17 years), and 12 were males. unilateral abscess was present in all but one child. all aspirates were cultured for aerobes and anaerobes and yielded bacterial growth in all patients. anaerobes were isolated in all patients; in 3 patients (19%), they were the only organism isolated, and in 13 (81%), they were mixed with aerobes. there were 91 anaerobic isolates (5.7 ...19816119870
metabolic inhibition of peptostreptococcus anaerobius decreases the bactericidal effect of hydrogen peroxide.peptostreptococcus anaerobius vpi 4330-1 was tested under various conditions for examination of the bactericidal effect of hydrogen peroxide. the cells were most rapidly killed by hydrogen peroxide when they were in the exponential-growth phase. cooling or starving the cells decreased the bactericidal effect of hydrogen peroxide. the ionophore nigericin and the metal ion chelating agent 2,2'-bipyridine stopped macromolecular syntheses and greatly decreased the bactericidal effect of hydrogen per ...19816173014
comparative in-vitro activity of ceftazidime (gr-20263) and other beta-lactamase stable cephalosporins against anaerobic bacteria.the in-vitro activity of ceftazidime was determined against 586 clinical isolates of anaerobic bacteria by an agar-dilution technique and compared with that of cefuroxime, moxalactam and cefoxitin. at 16 mg/l, only 60% of all isolates were inhibited by ceftazidime, compared to 79% by cefuroxime, 81% by moxalactam and 80% by cefoxitin. ceftazidime was relatively inactive against bacteroides fragilis group, lactobacillus and clostridium species other than cl. perfringens. peptococcus, peptostrepto ...198119802974
characterization of bacteria from a swine manure thirty bacteria isolated from a swine manure digester were predominately gram-positive anaerobes which were tentatively classified into the following genera: peptostreptococcus, eubacterium, bacteroides, lactobacillus, peptococcus, clostridium, and streptococcus plus two unidentified groups. the major fermentation products formed by these organisms included acetate, propionate, succinate, lactate, and ethanol, singly or in various combinations. acetate was the sole end product of sev ...198216345916
polyclonal b-cell activating capacities of gram-positive bacteria frequently isolated from periodontally diseased sites. 19826219204
[bacteriological and clinical evaluation of piperacillin in the field of obstetrics and gynecology].in vitro activity of piperacillin (pipc) against 150 recent clinical isolates from obstetric and gynecologic infections was performed in comparison with sulbenicillin (sbpc), cefmetazole (cmz), cefotiam (ctm) and cefsulodin (cfs). at 6.25 micrograms/ml pipc inhibited 93% of s. epidermidis, 86% of s. faecalis, 67% of e. coli and 80% of klebsiella. at 0.2 microgram/ml pipc inhibited 100% of peptococcus, 73% of peptostreptococcus and 100% of b. melaninogenicus group. at 3.13 micrograms/ml pipc inhi ...19826223149
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