[aquatic myxobacteria (sporocytophaga cauliformis) and the order "myxobacterales" (author's transl)].the indicator function of aquatic myxobacteria for the purpose of evaluating drinking water quality as well as their occurrence in sewage effluent make it desirable to describe these hitherto little known organisms in more detail. to this end, a comparative investigation of anaerobic myxobacteria of the genus sphaerocytophaga, two typical representatives of the order myxobacterales (myxococcus fulvus, sporocytophage cauliformis), and a strain ov vitrepscilla (vitroescilla proteolytica) was under ...1979120650
properties of cytophaga johnsonae strains causing spoilage of fresh produce at food markets.two strains of gliding, orange-pigmented bacteria, isolated from fresh bell pepper and watermelon, respectively, showing soft-rot lesions, were identified as cytophaga johnsonae. they differed from seven type strains of c. johnsonae deposited at the american type culture collection (atcc) in some properties, such as the ability to utilize glucose, xylose, trehalose, rhamnose, and sucrose. spherical bodies resembling microcysts of sporocytophaga sp. in addition to short rods and long filaments we ...19863789718
[metabolism of glucose by a miroorganism of the soil, sporocytophaga myxococcoides: study of a hexokinase]. 19744218983
[degradation of cellulose by a soil microorganism: sporocytophaga myxococcoïdes. characterization of an exoglucanase]. 19744219159
electronmicroscopie observations on the degradation of cellulose fibres by cellvibrio fulvus and sporocytophaga myxococcoides. 19724558950
fine structure of sporocytophaga myxococcoides. 19674878540
[on the surface of myxobacteria. i. chemistry and morphology of the cell walls of cytophaga hutchinsonii and sporocytophaga myxococcoides]. 19675603104
[a coprophilic species of water myxobacteria of the genus sporocytophaga]. 19675615068
[on the surface structure of myxobacteria. ii. anionic heteropolysaccharides as components of the slime layer of cytophaga hutchinsonii and sporocytophaga myxococcoides]. 19685709357
[on the ecology of water myxobacteria (sporocytophaga cauliformis) in lake constance]. 19655858956
[water myxobacteria (sporocytophaga cauliformis) and their antibiotically effective agent]. 19655872335
polyamine distribution profiles in the eighteen genera phylogenetically located within the flavobacterium-flexibacter-cytophaga complex.cellular polyamines of eighteen genera belonging to the flavobacterium-flexibacter-cytophaga complex were analysed by ion exchange liquid chromatography. homospermidine was the major polyamine in the genera bergeyella, riemerella, ornithobacterium, weeksella, capnocytophaga, polaribacter and psychroflexus belonging to the family flavobacteriaceae. in the family spirosomaceae, runella, spirosoma and flectobacillus species contained spermidine whereas cyclobacterium species contained homospermidin ...200111491527
[studies on sporocytophaga myxococcoides, stanier 1940]. 195313081079
enzymes involved in the utilization of carbohydrates by two strains of myxobacteria. 195413189439
[research on the enzyme system of sporocytophaga myxococcoides]. 196314020276
[research on the enzymatic equipment of sporocytophaga myxococcoides]. 196314048709
effect of water extracts of carob pods, tannic acid, and their derivatives on the morphology and growth of microorganisms.the effect of aqueous extracts of carob (ceratonia siliqua) pods, gallotannic acid, gallic acid, and catechol on several microorganisms was studied. carob pod extract and tannic acid showed a strong antimicrobial activity toward some cellulolytic bacteria. on the basis of tannin content, to which antimicrobial effect was related, carob pod extracts inhibited cellvibrio fulvus and clostridium cellulosolvens at 15 mug/ml, sporocytophaga myxococcoides at 45 mug/ml, and bacillus subtilis at 75 mug/m ...196414170956
[biology and incidence of aerobic water moeyxobacteriales (sporocytophaga cauliformis) in the lake of constance]. 196414245112
[isolation and purification of aerobic cellulolytic soil bacteria. ii. isolation and description of a new arthrobacter species associated with sporocytophaga myxococcoides]. 196114492583
the life cycle of sporocytophaga. 195114873897
adaptation of sporocytophaga myxococcoides to sugars. 194918149938
[morphologic changes in the life cycle of cytophaga hutchinsonii].to study the morphological changes of cytophaga hutchinsonii cell during its life circle.200919388259
[on the problem of the systematization of bacteria from the genus cytophaga and sporocytophaga]. 196213887936
investigations on cellulose decomposition by myxobacteria from the genus sporocytophaga. 196113887934
the morphology of a species of the bacterial genus cytophaga winog. in culture. 195713472515
decomposition of xylan by sporocytophaga myxococcoides. 195613321979
phylogenetic position of chitinophaga pinensis in the flexibacter-bacteroides-cytophaga phylum.comparison of the 16s rrna gene sequence determined for chitinophaga pinensis showed that this species is most closely related to flexibacter filiformis in the flexibacter-bacteroides-cytophaga phylum. these two chitinolytic bacteria, which are characterized by transformation into spherical bodies on ageing, belong to a strongly supported lineage that also includes cytophaga arvensicola, flavobacterium ferrugineum and flexibacter sancti. the lineage is distinct from the microcyst-forming species ...199910319467
flavobacterium hibernum sp. nov., a lactose-utilizing bacterium from a freshwater antarctic lake.four freshwater antarctic lakes were examined for the presence of beta-galactosidase-producing bacteria using mineral medium enrichments and lactose. enrichments from only one of the lakes produced growth and two strains were isolated that were very similar in phenotype and fatty acid profile, and shared considerable homology in their dna (dna-dna hybridization = 93 +/- 7%). the strains were psychrotrophic with theoretical tmax, tmin and topt of 30-31, -7 degrees and 26 degrees c, respectively. ...19989828443
development of techniques to genetically manipulate members of the genera cytophaga, flavobacterium, flexibacter, and sporocytophaga.the bacteroides-cytophaga-flavobacterium branch of the eubacterial phylogenetic tree contains a diverse group of bacterial species. techniques for the genetic manipulation of bacteroides spp. are well developed (a. a. salyers, n. b. shoemaker, and e. p. guthrie, crit. rev. microbiol. 14:49-71, 1987). recently we developed techniques to genetically manipulate the gliding bacterium cytophaga johnsonae (m. j. mcbride and m. j. kempf, j. bacteriol. 178:583-590, 1996). we now demonstrate that some of ...19968702294
identification and evolution of the cellulolytic microflora present during composting of cattle manure: on the role of actinomycetes sp.population changes in cellulolytic microflora were studied during composting of cattle manure. six bacterial and nine actinomycetes species were isolated. among the isolates, two actinomycetes, micromonospora chalcae and pseudonocardia thermophila, were cellulolytic strains which were numerically dominant and might therefore play a notable role in the degradation of cellulose in cattle manure. fungi were practically absent during the process, but two cellulose-degrading bacterial species, sporoc ...19846508072
unusual sulfonolipids are characteristic of the cytophaga-flexibacter group.capnocytophaga spp. contain a group of unusual sulfonolipids, called capnoids (w. godchaux iii and e. r. leadbetter, j. bacteriol. 144:592-602, 1980). one of these lipids, capnine, is 2-amino-3-hydroxy-15-methylhexadecane-1-sulfonic acid; the others are, apparently, n-acylated versions of capnine. the lipids were found, in amounts ranging from 2.5 to 16 mumol of capnoid sulfur per g of cells (wet weight), in two cytophaga spp. and also in several closely related organisms: several capnocytophaga ...19836298180
chemistry and ultrastructure of surface layers in primitive myxobacteria: cytophaga hutchinsonii and sporocytophaga myxococcoides. 19676048423
effect of herbicides on cellulose decomposition by sporocytophaga myxococcoides.the effects of 14 herbicides on cellulose decomposition by sporocytophaga myxococcoides were studied by growing the organism in two different liquid cellulose-mineral salts media in the presence of the test agent and then quantitatively determining the residual cellulose. in the first medium, containing acid-hydrolyzed cellulose, anthrone reagent was used to determine residual carbohydrate. in the second medium, gooch pyrex fritted-glass crucibles were used to determine the amount of residual wh ...19676029831
a bacteriophage for myxococcus xanthus: isolation, characterization and relation of infectivity to host morphogenesis.burchard, robert p. (university of minnesota, minneapolis), and m. dworkin. a bacteriophage for myxococcus xanthus: isolation, characterization and relation of infectivity to host morphogenesis. j. bacteriol. 91:1305-1313. 1966.-a bacteriophage (mx-1) infecting myxococcus xanthus fb(t) has been isolated from cow dung. the bacteriophage particle is approximately 175 mmu long. a tail about 100 mmu in length is encased in a contractile sheath and terminates in a tail plate. the head is polyhedral w ...19665948779
[studies on the cellulolytic activity of sporocytophaga myxococcoides]. 19655851824
[polysaccharidases of sporocytophaga myxococcoides beta mannanase, cellulase and xylanase]. 19705507734
[the decomposition of condensed phosphate from detergents by sporocytophaga cauliformis and pseudomonas fluorescens]. 19705468748
[bacteria of the flexibacter/sporocytophaga group and violet-pigmented bacteria as indicators for hygienically doubtful drinking water].bacteria of the flexibacter/sporocytophaga group indicate, that drinking water is deficiently protected by the soil covering or may be infiltrated by surface waters. in south bavaria those germs could be demonstrated in 1225 of 3743 samples from central water supplies and in 951 of 1714 samples from decentralized water supplies. f/sp-bacteria could be isolated to a much greater extend from samples which were likewise polluted with escherichia coli, coliforms and colony counts in excess. over the ...19892510750
phospholipid composition of gliding bacteria: oral isolates of capnocytophaga compared with sporocytophaga.the distribution of acetone-soluble (neutral glycolipid) and acetone-insoluble (phospholipid isoprenoids) lipids in oral isolates of gram-negative gliding bacteria of the genus capnocytophaga was compared with those in a non-host-related gliding bacterium, sporocytophaga myxococcoides. the acetone-soluble material accounted for 34 to 55% of the extracted lipids; the remainder was acetone-insoluble material. the major phospholipid was phosphatidylethanolamine (67%), with lesser amounts of lysopho ...1979500209
fatty acid composition of gliding bacteria: oral isolates of capnocytophaga compared with sporocytophaga.the extractable and bound lipids and cellular fatty acids of the gram-negative gliding bacteria, capnocytophaga sputigena, c. gingivalis, and c. ochracea were compared to the non-host-related gliding bacterium sporocytophaga myxococcoides. the extractable lipids represented between 17 and 28% of the cell dry weight, whereas only 2 to 4% of the lipids were in the bound fraction. the methyl esters of the cellular fatty acids were mainly ac15:0, which accounted for 69 to 73% of the total extractabl ...1979500207
sensitivity of cellulolytic bacteria to antibiotics.the sensitivity of eight cellulolytic bacterial strains to eight antibiotics was tested. the results showed that, in general, the strains belonging to cytophaga, cellvibrio, and cellfalcicula are more sensitive to antibiotics than those strains that belong to sporocytophaga and cellulomonas. the inhibitory activity of the tested antibiotics, though differing with different strains, showed the following categories: tetracycline, erythromycin, and chloromycetin were most active, kanamycin, strepto ...1977414477
the history, biology, and taxonomy of the cytophaga group.the first section of this review covers the important characteristics of the genera cytophaga and sporocytophaga. the topics discussed include vegetative cell structure, the spreading habit, and degradation of macromolecules. a historical account of these two genera follows, together with a discussion on the definition of, and species differentiation with the genus cytophaga, and on the taxonomy of sporocytophaga. the third section deals with the relationships of the cytophagas with the flavobac ...1977413616
cellulases from sporocytophaga myxococcoides. purification and properties.two extracellular cellulases active on carboxymethylcellulose have been isolated from the culture supernatant of sporocytophaga myxococcoides by a series of gel-filtration and ion-exchange chromatography steps. cellulase ii, being present in highest amount, had a molecular weight determined by gel electrophoresis of 52000, pi 4.75 and a relatively broad ph optimum (5.5--7.5). cellulase i had a molecular weight of 46000. pi was 7.5 and the ph optimum 6.5--7.5. both cellulases had a very low carbo ...1975240723
[study on the process of degrading filter paper cellulose by sporocytophaga sp. jl-01].sporocytophaga is a kind of bacteria that can glide on the solid medium surface. it can decompose the cotton and filter paper after 6 days cultured. the sporocytophaga can only produce a low extracellular carboxymethylcellulase activity and no other cellulase activities. in this work, the process about degradation of filter paper fibre by a strain of sporocytophaga was studied using scan electronmicroscopy. the morphological changes that sporocytophaga sp. ji-01 grew on filter paper were observe ...200316276901
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