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the in-vivo antibacterial activity of ceftazidime (gr 20263)--a comparison with other new beta-lactam antibiotics and gentamicin.ceftazidime was compared with cefotaxime, ceftizoxime, cefmenoxime, cefotiam, cefoperazone, moxalactam, piperacillin, carbenicillin, mezlocillin, cefsulodin and the aminoglycoside antibiotic gentamicin in a series of mouse protection tests. ceftazidime, together with the other cephalosporin antibiotics and moxalactam were equally effective against infections caused by staphylococcus aureus with ed50 values ranging from 3.5 to 25 mg/kg. gentamicin was the most active antibiotic with ed50 values o ...198119802994
antibacterial activity of ceftazidime (gr 20263) against routine hospital isolates and highly resistant strains of enterobacteriaceae and pseudomonas aeruginosa.ceftazidime was found to be highly active against routine hospital isolates of strains of enterobacteriaceae such as escherichia coli, klebsiella aerogenes, enterobacter cloacae and proteus mirabilis, with the mean mics varying between 0.11 and 0.75 mg/l. it had marked activity against pseudomonas aeruginosa with a mean mic of 1.8 mg/l which was comparable to tobramycin (11 mg/l) and superior to other aminoglycosides, penicillins and cefotaxime. although ceftazidime was considerably more active ...198119802975
in-vitro comparison of ceftazidime and nine other antimicrobial agents against hospital strains of gram-negative bacteria.the agar dilution in-vitro susceptibility of 370 isolates of aerobic gram-negative bacteria isolated at ben taub general hospital in houston, texas were determined for five new and five currently available agents. ceftazidime, moxalactam, cefotaxime, ceftizoxime and cefoperazone, all of which are new beta-lactam compounds, were compared with two penicillins, piperacillin, ticarcillin, and three aminoglycosides, gentamicin, tobramycin and amikacin. ceftazidime inhibited 100% of pseudomonas strain ...198119802969
the in-vitro activity of ceftazidime compared with that of other cephalosporins.the in-vitro activity of ceftazidime was compared with the activities of cefoperazone, cefotaxime, cefsulodin, cefuroxime, cephalothin and cefatriaxon against 331 clinical bacterial isolates. against escherichia coli, salmonella, enterobacter, proteus mirabilis and indole-positive proteus ceftazidime, with mic90 of < or = 0.25 mg/l, was more active than cephalothin, cefoperazone and cefuroxime but less active than cefotaxime and ceftriaxone klebsiella pneumoniae, serratia, acinetobacter and citr ...198119802968
ceftazidime: in-vitro antibacterial activity and susceptibility to beta-lactamases compared with that of cefotaxime, moxalactam and other beta-lactam antibiotics.the in-vitro antibacterial activity of ceftazidime was assessed against recent clinical isolates of common bacteria and also against reference strains that produced known beta-lactamases. the compound was active, though less so than cephaloridine against staphylococci and streptococci with mics mostly 0.12-2 mg/l for streptococci and 8 mg/l for staphylococci, but enterococci (mics > or =64 mg/l) and methicillin-resistant staphylococci (mics 16-32 mg/l) were resistant. penicillin-resistant pneumo ...198119802967
the susceptibility of nosocomial pathogens to ceftazidime.the activities in vitro of ceftazidime and of cefuroxime have been compared against 201 strains of bacteria which had been isolated either from outbreaks of nosocomial infection or were typical of strains causing such outbreaks. ceftazidime was found to be about 1000 times more active against pseudomonas spp. and proteus vulgaris, and between 10 and 100 times more active against klebsiella pneumoniae, enterobacter spp., citrobacter freundii, serratia marcescens, proteus rettgeri, proteus morgani ...198119802966
[lumbar panniculitis with subcutaneous abscess revealing pyonephrosis].a clinical picture of hypodermitis in the lumbar region may reveal an abscess arising from infection due to pyonephrosis. we report a case below.200919801259
justification for the use of ocimum gratissimum l in herbal medicine and its interaction with disc antibiotics.the ethanolic extract of the leaves of ocimium gratisimum l. (lamiaceae), used in traditional medicine for the treatment of several ailments such as urinary tract, wound, skin and gastrointestinal infections, was evaluated for its antibacterial properties against four clinical bacteria isolates namely: escherichia coli, proteus mirabilis, staphylococcus aureus and pseudomonas aeruginosa and the antifungal properties using a clinical isolate of candida albicans. a typed bacterium of escherichia c ...200919785729
antimicrobial activities of the volatile oils of ocimum bacilicum l. and ocimum gratissimum l. (lamiaceae) against some aerobic dental isolates.essential or volatile oils of plants have been variously reported to have many medicinal applications. their probable uses against oral microbes have received little attention. oral swabs obtained from eighteen dental patients at the university of benin teaching hospital, benin city, nigeria, led to the isolation of twenty nine bacteria. using standard methods, the microorganisms were identified as streptococcus viridians (16; representing 55.17%), staphylococcus albus (9; 31.04%), klebisiella p ...200919783520
molecular analysis of intestinal microbiota of rainbow trout (oncorhynchus mykiss).the aim of this study was to evaluate different molecular tools based on the 16s rrna gene, internal transcribed spacer, and the rpob gene to examine the bacterial populations present in juvenile rainbow trout intestines. dna was extracted from both pooled intestinal samples and bacterial strains. genes were pcr-amplified and analysed using both temporal temperature gradient gel electrophoresis (ttge) and restriction fragment length polymorphism methods. because of the high cultivability of the ...201019780831
bacteriology of external ocular infections in aba, south eastern nigeria.bacteria are microbial agents that frequently cause infections of the eye and possible loss of vision.200919780761
bactericidal activity in filtrated supernatant of streptococcus sanguinis against multidrug-resistant pseudomonas aeruginosa.in the past decade, multidrug-resistant pseudomonas aeruginosa (mdrp) infection has become a serious clinical problem, due to the limitation of drug choices to fight against the bacteria. here we explored the bactericidal activity in the filtrated supernatant of streptococcus (s.) sanguinis against pseudomonas (p.) aeruginosa. s. sanguinis is one of the alpha-hemolytic streptococci that commonly reside in the human oral cavity. a strain of s. sanguinis, isolated from the sputum of a pulmonary-di ...200919776523
proteus syndrome: a case report.proteus syndrome is a rare, sporadically occurring hamartomatous disorder with complex multisystem involvement and wide clinical variability. clinical characteristics include craniofacial abnormalities; asymmetrical overgrowth of the trunk, limbs, and digits; lipomas; and vascular malformations. cystic lung disease is noted in approximately 10 per cent of patients. these cystic malformations may lead to cystic pulmonary emphysema, which may cause significant morbidity for the patient. we describ ...200919774961
characterization and flocculation mechanism of high efficiency microbial flocculant tj-f1 from proteus mirabilis.the characterization and the flocculation mechanism of microbial flocculant tj-f1 with high flocculating activity, produced by proteus mirabilis from a mixed activated sludge, was investigated. mainly consisting of protein and acid polysaccharide, tj-f1 owns a molecular weight of 1.2 x 10(5)da, which brings strong van der waals forces and ample binding-sites. it contains carboxyl, hydroxyl, amino groups and hydrogen bonds preferred for the flocculation process. the key parameters influencing the ...201019773148
tryptophan inhibits proteus vulgaris tnac leader peptide elongation, activating tna operon expression.expression of the tna operon of escherichia coli and of proteus vulgaris is induced by l-tryptophan. in e. coli, tryptophan action is dependent on the presence of several critical residues (underlined) in the newly synthesized tnac leader peptide, wfnidxxl/ixxxxp. these residues are conserved in tnac of p. vulgaris and of other bacterial species. tnac of p. vulgaris has one additional feature, distinguishing it from tnac of e. coli; it contains two c-terminal lysine residues following the conser ...200919767424
invasive bacteria isolates from children with severe infections in a nigerian hospital.little information is available about the aetiology and epidemiology of serious bacterial infections in nigeria. this study determined bacterial isolates from blood and cerebrospinal fluid (csf) of children presenting in the emergency room of a teaching hospital in nigeria.200919762955
the role of tyrosine kinases in water-electrolyte transport in amoeba a. proteus. 200919760870
isolation of salmonella and shigella from fish harvested from the winam gulf of lake victoria, kenya.human infections caused by pathogens transmitted from fish are quite common. the aim of this study was to isolate enteric pathogenic bacteria from fish that might be transmitted to humans after the handling or consumption of such fish.200919755738
effective strategies for prevention and control of gram-negative infections.infections caused by gram-negative bacteria such as pseudomonas, klebsiella, proteus and acinetobacter have been a major problem in healthcare settings for many years. overlooked in government targets and unknown to patients, these infections present considerable challenges for effective infection prevention and control. key strategies for prevention and control focus on contact precautions, the management of invasive devices and maintaining a clean, dry environment to prevent the build-up of en ...200919753872
health assessment of a spiny-tailed lizard (uromastyx spp.) population in abu dhabi, united arab emirates.a study was conducted to determine the health status of the free-living spiny-tailed lizard (uromastyx spp.) population at wrsan, al ajban, abu dhabi, united arab emirates. a total of 90 spiny-tailed lizards, 61 males and 29 females, were examined from june to august 2006. mean body weights were 1,564.4 g and 809.4 g for males and females, respectively. mean body lengths were 62.1 cm and 49.4 cm for males and females, respectively. fourteen lizards were found with abnormalities including abscess ...200919746858
antibiotic resistance in pathogens causing community-acquired urinary tract infections in india: a multicenter study.empiric treatment of community-acquired urinary tract infections (ca-uti) is determined by the antibiotic sensitivity patterns of uropathogens in a population. this study was conducted to determine patterns of resistance amongst ca-uropathogens in india, to help establish local guidelines on treatment of ca-uti.200819745502
extended-spectrum beta-lactamases among enterobacteriaceae isolated in a public hospital in brazil.extended-spectrum beta-lactamases (esbl) in enterobacteria are recognized worldwide as a great hospital problem. in this study, 127 esbl-producing enterobacteriaceae isolated in one year from inpatients and outpatients at a public teaching hospital at são paulo, brazil, were submitted to analysis by pcr with specific primers for bla shv, bla tem and bla ctx-m genes. from the 127 isolates, 96 (75.6%) klebsiella pneumoniae, 12 (9.3%) escherichia coli, 8 (6.2%) morganella morganii, 3 (2.3%) proteus ...200919739000
in vitro activity of nemonoxacin, a novel nonfluorinated quinolone, against 2,440 clinical isolates.the in vitro activity of nemonoxacin (tg-873870), a novel nonfluorinated quinolone, was tested against 2,440 clinical isolates. nemonoxacin was at least fourfold more active than levofloxacin and moxifloxacin against most gram-positive cocci tested (shown by the following mic(90)/range [microg/ml] values; community-associated methicillin [meticillin]-resistant staphylococcus aureus, 0.5/0.015 to 2; staphylococcus epidermidis, 0.5/0.015 to 4 for methicillin-susceptible staphylococci and 2/0.12 to ...200919738018
sudden death and the forensic evaluation of neurocutaneous syndromes.on occasion the forensic evaluation of individuals who have died suddenly and unexpectedly may reveal intracranial vascular abnormalities such as capillary, venous- and arteriovenous malformations. such vascular abnormalities may form part of a heterogeneous group of disorders called neurocutaneous syndromes and involve the skin, nervous system and other organ systems. these unusual conditions include sturge-weber, osler-weber-rendu, klippel-trenaunay, von hippel-lindau, proteus and wyburn-mason ...200919733322
coumestan glycosides from the stem bark of cylicodiscus gabunensis.two new coumestan glycosides, coumestoside c (1) and coumestoside d (2), were isolated from the stem bark of cylicodiscus gabunensis harms. their structures were established by spectroscopic means and chemical transformations as 9-o-alpha-l-rhamnopyranosyl-3-hydroxy-4-(5'-hydroxy-3'-methylbut-2'e-enyl) coumestan (1) and 9-o-beta-d-galactopyranosyl-3-o- prenyl-4-hydroxycoumestan. coumestoside c exhibited antimicrobial activity against proteus vulgaris.200919731596
proteomic analysis of a matrix stone: a case report.matrix stones are radiolucent bodies that present as soft muco-proteinaceous material within the renal collecting system. following wide-angle x-ray diffraction (xrd) and scanning electron microscopy (sem), we homogenized a surgically removed matrix stone, extracted and purified protein, and analyzed samples using tandem mass spectrometry for proteomic composition. resulting spectra were searched using proteinpilot 2.0, and identified proteins were reported with >95% confidence. primary xrd mine ...200919730843
complex combined vascular malformations and vascular malformation syndromes affecting the extremities in children.complex combined vascular malformations affecting extremities are an interesting group of vascular malformations because, in addition to the vascular channel anomalies present, they can be associated with other tissue changes and sometimes altered limb growth. at present, magnetic resonance imaging is the gold standard imaging tool to evaluate such complex conditions in children because of its inherent tissue specificity and vascular capabilities that enables characterization of tissues and the ...200919724993
[the autoagglutination factor of plague pathogen--cross-reacting antigen].an antigen similar to the autoagglutination factor (af) of plague pathogen in immunochemical specificity was sought in 22 bacterial species. for this, an immunoglobulin anti-af diagnosticum that is the sheep erythrocytes sensitized with rabbit immune serum to the af preparation isolated from the plasmid-free variant of the yersinia pestis strain ev76. the bacteriological study applying a passive hemagglutination assay revealed af-like antigens not only in all study strains (n = 30) of y. pestis, ...200919718822
monozygotic twins discordant for vascular malformations and dysregulated growth.there is a large group of disorders characterized by non-cranial vascular malformations and a dysregulated growth, of which the prototype may be klippel-trenaunay syndrome (kts). the aetiology of kts and vascular malformations-dysregulated growth (vm-dg) syndromes resembling kts is obscure, but polygenic paradominant inheritance involving mutations or polymorphisms in two or more genes simultaneously, of which one (or more) are involved in (lymph)angiogenesis and the other(s) in growth regulatio ...201019716450
effects of the administration of cholera toxin as a mucosal adjuvant on the immune and protective response induced by proteus mirabilis mrpa fimbrial protein in the urinary tract.proteus mirabilis is commonly associated with complicated uti and expresses several virulence factors, including mr/p fimbriae. in the present study mice were immunised nasally with mrpa, the structural subunit of mr/p, with or without ct as a mucosal adjuvant. the animals were then challenged with p. mirabilis and induction of specific serum and urine igg and iga, ifn-gamma production and bacterial kidney and bladder colonization were assessed. mrpa-immunised mice exhibited significant inductio ...200919714860
a novel isoquinoline alkaloid, dd-carboxypeptidase inhibitor, with antibacterial activity isolated from streptomyces sp. 8812. part i: taxonomy, fermentation, isolation and biological activities.a novel isoquinoline alkaloid of molecular formula c10h9no4, labeled js-1, was isolated from the culture broth of streptomyces sp. 8812. it was purified by acetone protein precipitation from the culture supernatant, followed by anion exchange and c18 rp hplc columns. js-1 is an inhibitor of exocellular dd-carboxypeptidases/transpeptidases (dd-peptidases) 64-575 ii from saccharopolyspora erythraea 64-575 ii, and r39 from actinomadura r39. js-1 exhibits activity against gram-negative bacteria, suc ...200919713994
human complement activation by smooth and rough proteus mirabilis lipopolysaccharides.proteus mirabilis bacilli play an important role in human urinary tract infections, bacteremia, and rheumatoid arthritis. the authors previously studied human complement c3 conversion by smooth-form p. mirabilis o10, o23, o30, and o43 lipopolysaccharides (lpss) and showed that smooth proteus lpss fragmented c3 in a dose- and time-dependent manner. in the present study, one smooth p. mirabilis s1959 and its two polysaccharide-truncated lpss isolated from an r mutant strain were used to study the ...200919707721
macrocephaly-capillary malformation: a report of three cases and review of the literature.macrocephaly-cutis marmorata telangiectatica congenita (m-cmtc) is a rare syndrome that was first delineated as distinct from cutis marmorata telangiectatica congenita (cmtc) in 1997. since that time, there have been over 75 cases reported in the literature, though few are in the dermatology literature. the syndrome is characterized by macrocephaly, neonatal hypotonia, developmental delay, segmental overgrowth, syndactyly, asymmetry, connective tissue defects, and vascular stains. we report thre ...200919706101
comparison study of membrane filtration direct count and an automated coliform and escherichia coli detection system for on-site water quality testing.this study compared an automated escherichia coli and coliform detection system with the membrane filtration direct count technique for water testing. the automated instrument performed equal to or better than the membrane filtration test in analyzing e. coli-spiked samples and blind samples with interference from proteus vulgaris or aeromonas hydrophila.200919703500
bacteria isolated from 25 hydatid cysts in sheep, cattle and goats.bacteria were isolated from 12 of 25 hydatid cysts collected from the lungs and livers of cattle, sheep and goats slaughtered in the province of messina, sicily, italy. citrobacter freundii was isolated from seven of the cysts, aeromonas hydrophila from three, staphylococcus species from two, salmonella species from two and escherichia coli and proteus vulgaris from one.200919700784
identification of a modular pathogenicity island that is widespread among urease-producing uropathogens and shares features with a diverse group of mobile elements.pathogenicity islands (pais) are a specific group of genomic islands that contribute to genomic variability and virulence of bacterial pathogens. using a strain-specific comparative genomic hybridization array, we report the identification of a 94-kb pai, designated icepm1, that is common to proteus mirabilis, providencia stuartii, and morganella morganii. these organisms are highly prevalent etiologic agents of catheter-associated urinary tract infections (cauti), the most common hospital acqui ...200919687197
[a very extensive necrotizing fasciitis].necrotizing fasciitis is a severe skin infection. fluidized bed may be indicated to improve healing. we report a 36-year-old woman case, who developed an important skin emphysema on a fluidized bed that may have worsen the situation.200919682835
[evaluation of apoptosis expression in granulation tissue in chronic otitis media].there is a growing evidence that molecular and cellular mechanisms may play a role in pathogenesis in chronic otitis media.200919681486
significance of cytomorphological and microbiological examination of bile collected by endoscopic cannulation of the papilla of vater.bile analysis yields important information such as "biliary microlithiasis" and biliary tract colonization by microorganisms like salmonella typhi or paratyphi, escherichia coli, etc., which may progresses to cholelithiasis and have been found to have a role in the development of gallbladder cancer in india.200919679953
isolation and characterization of new metschnikowia pulcherrima strains as producers of the antimicrobial pigment pulcherrimin.metschnikowia pulcherrima is a highly effective biocontrol yeast due to its pigment pulcherrimin that accumulates in the cells and in the growth medium. three different strains of m. pulcherrima were isolated from local grapes. the yeast isolates were characterized on the basis of their biochemical, physiological and its1-5.8 s rdna-its2 region. based on the obtained results, the m. pulcherrima isolates were identified as new strains of m. pulcherrima. strong antagonistic activities of the m. pu ...200919678547
predictors of primary breast abscesses and recurrence.we investigated the patients and microbiological risk factors that predispose to the development of primary breast abscesses and subsequent recurrence.200919669231
frequency and antimicrobial susceptibility of gram-negative bacteria isolated from 2 hospitals in makkah, saudi arabia.to estimate the prevalence and antibiotic susceptibility of the gram-negative bacteria isolated from 2 hospitals in makkah.200919668881
pten hamartoma tumor syndrome: an overview.pten hamartoma tumor syndrome (phts) encompasses four major clinically distinct syndromes associated with germline mutations in the tumor suppressor pten. these allelic disorders, cowden syndrome, bannayan-riley-ruvalcaba syndrome, proteus syndrome, and proteus-like syndrome are associated with unregulated cellular proliferation leading to the formation of hamartomas. thus far, an increased risk of malignancy has only been documented in cowden syndrome; however, current recommendations advise th ...200919668082
research of urinary tract infections in family medicine physicians' offices--empiric antimicrobial therapy of urinary tract infections--croatian experience.in the period between october 1st and november 30th, 2006, we investigated a total of 3188 episodes of uti (802 among males; 2386 among females) recorded in 108 family medicine offices in 20 cities in croatia. the most common utis in women were acute uncomplicated cystitis (62%), complicated utis - cystitis and pyelonephritis (14%), urethritis (9%), acute uncomplicated pyelonephritis (6%), recurrent cystitis (5%), asymptomatic bacteriuria (3%) and recurrent pyelonephritis. the most common utis i ...200919662789
gram-negative bacteria associated with brewery yeasts: reclassification of obesumbacterium proteus biogroup 2 as shimwellia pseudoproteus gen. nov., sp. nov., and transfer of escherichia blattae to shimwellia blattae comb. nov.phylogenetic analyses of type and reference strains of obesumbacterium proteus biogroups 1 and 2 plus a novel isolate of biogroup 2 were carried out based on 16s rrna gene sequences and partial sequences of four protein-coding genes (fusa, leus, pyrg and rpob). both approaches revealed that o. proteus biogroup 1 strains were closely related to hafnia alvei. biogroup 2 strains, however, formed a distinct monophyletic clade of generic status that included escherichia blattae. phenotypic tests were ...201019661513
phenotypic characterization of human pathogenic bacteria in fish from the coastal waters of south west cameroon: public health implications.increasing economic and recreational opportunities, attractive scenery and a perception of a better quality of life are luring people to the coast. unfortunately, these activities together with the commensurate increase in population in the area inevitably result in pollution of coastal waters with excessive microorganisms and other pollutants. microbial pollutants not only contaminate the coastal water but also aquatic food sources, thus posing a health risk to consumers. fish is a major source ...200919658320
n-(1-carboxyethyl)alanine (alanopine), a new non-sugar component of lipopolysaccharides of providencia and proteus.o-polysaccharides were released by mild acid degradation of lipopolysaccharides of providencia alcalifaciens o35 and proteus vulgaris o76 and were studied by 1d and 2d (1)h and (13)c nmr spectroscopies, including hmbc and noesy (roesy) experiments. both polysaccharides were found to contain n-(1-carboxyethyl)alanine (alanopine) that is n-linked to 4-amino-4,6-dideoxyglucose. analysis of published data [vinogradov, e.; perry, m. b. eur. j. biochem.2000, 267, 2439-2446] shows that alanopine is pre ...200919651402
depression, cortisol, and suppressed cell-mediated immunity in metastatic breast cancer.cancer treatment is known to have significant immuno-suppressive/dysregulatory effects. psychological distress and depression, which often accompany cancer diagnosis and treatment, can also suppress or dysregulate endocrine and immune function. cell-mediated immunity (cmi) is critical for protection against a host of pathogens to which cancer patients may be particularly susceptible. cmi is also important for defense against some tumors. this study explored relationships among depressive symptom ...200919643176
a novel antimicrobial peptide from crotalaria pallida seeds with activity against human and phytopathogens.an actual severe problem in agriculture consists of an expressive increase of economical losses caused by fungi and resistant bacteria toward antibiotics. in order to find a solution to this problem, several studies have been concentrating on the screening of novel plant defense peptides with antimicrobial activities. these peptides are commonly characterized by having low molecular masses and cationic charges. the present work reports the purification and characterization of a novel plant pepti ...200919641962
paracin 1.7, a bacteriocin produced by lactobacillus paracasei hd1.7 isolated from chinese cabbage sauerkraut, a traditional chinese fermented vegetable food.to purify and characterize bacteriocin produced by l. paracasei hd1.7.200919637568
syndromes with focal overgrowth in infancy: diagnostic approach and surgical treatment.abstract syndromes with focal overgrowth are sporadic diseases and comprise proteus syndrome and congenital lipomatous overgrowth, vascular malformations, and epidermal naevi (clove) syndrome, and isolated hemihyperplasia. we describe 3 children classified according to standard criteria with dysregulated growth of various tissues that was excised, together with excess toes, and tumours. correct classification facilitates diagnosis and operations. interdisciplinary treatment and follow-up are rec ...201019634071
synthesis and antibacterial activities of new metronidazole and imidazole derivatives.new imidazole ring derivatives comprising 1,3-oxazoline, schiff's bases, thiadiazole, oxadiazole and 1,2,4-triazole moieties are reported. 3-aminobiimidazol-4-one compounds 7a-c were synthesized by the reaction of compounds 6a-c with hydrazine hydrate. biimidazole esters 9a-c were converted into biimidazole hydrazide esters 10a-c. compounds 7a-c and 10a-c were converted into a variety of derivatives.200919633614
orbital cellulitis and endogenous endophthalmitis secondary to proteus mirabilis cholecystitis.we report the first case of orbital cellulitis and endogenous endophthalmitis secondary to proteus mirabilis bacteremia that resulted from a calculus cholecystitis. despite resolution of the gallbladder infection with antimicrobial therapy, the patient required evisceration of the affected eye. the pathogenesis of hematogenous endophthalmitis due to gram-negative bacilli is discussed.200919631098
980-nm laser diode and treatment of subcutaneous mass in proteus-like syndrome. 201019627404
prolonged bacteraemia caused by vim-1 metallo-beta-lactamase-producing proteus mirabilis: first report from italy.persistent bacteraemia arising from a case of post-operative mediastinitis as a result of a proteus mirabilis isolate, possessing two class 1 integrons carrying bla(vim-1) and aada2 gene cassettes located on chromosomal and plasmidic dna, respectively, is reported. despite the in vitro susceptibility to carbapenems, meropenem therapy failed, whereas the patient responded to treatment with cefepime plus amikacin. to our knowledge, this is the first report of metallo-beta-lactamase production in a ...201019624511
[rapid detection of salmonella in food by using fluorescently labeled phage o-i].to develop a rapid detection method for salmonella in food by using specific salmonella-phage o-i.200919623962
[etiology of acute enteric infection in children with arid zone and effect of probiotics].to study etiologic structure of acute enteric infections (aei) with isolation of hemolytic and enteropathogenic escherichia and to assess the efficacy of probiotic therapy during infections caused by e. coli.200919623719
[isolation and study of perspective probiotic strain of spore-forming bacteria from bacillus genus].to study physiologic, biochemical as well as antagonistic characteristics of isolated strain of bacillus pumilus in comparison with known spore-forming bacteria from b. subtilis species.200919623717
pattern of aerobic bacteria with antimicrobial susceptibility causing community acquired urinary tract infection.since antibiotic resistance among uropathogens have gradually been rising, so it is important to have knowledge about the pattern and antimicrobial susceptibility to choose the correct treatment regimen. a cross sectional study was carried out in the department of microbiology, mymensingh medical college between july 2007 to june 2008 to determine the prevalence, relationship between pyuria and urine culture and antibiotic resistance pattern among the bacterial isolates of community acquired uti ...200919623138
a multinational survey of risk factors for infection with extended-spectrum beta-lactamase-producing enterobacteriaceae in nonhospitalized patients.infections caused by extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (esbl)-producing enterobacteriaceae are increasing in frequency and are associated with high mortality rates. circulation of ctx-m-type esbls in the community is of particular concern, because it may confound standard infection-control measures.200919622043
[multicenter study on the monitoring of in vitro susceptibility to tigeeyeline in santiago, chile].the objective of this multicenter study was to determine tigecycline susceptibility rates, measured by agar diffusion, in nine hospitals in santiago and to compare these rates with other antimicrobials. each center studied 20 strains per month. all intermediate and fully resistant strains as well as 10% of susceptibile strains were also studied by the broth microdilution method. overall, 2301 strains were studied displaying the following susceptibility rates for tigecycline: 100% for streptococc ...200919621154
use of quorum sensing antagonists to deter the formation of crystalline proteus mirabilis biofilms.proteus mirabilis biofilms are a major cause of urinary catheter blockage. antibiotic-impregnated catheters used to prevent catheter blockage have achieved limited success. research has examined the efficacy of quorum sensing inhibitors against pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilms, but there are few reports of the effects of these compounds against crystalline p. mirabilis biofilms. this study examined the effect of two quorum sensing antagonists, p-nitrophenyl glycerol (pnpg) and tannic acid, agains ...200919619987
antimicrobial therapy for water-associated wound infections in a disaster setting: gram-negative bacilli in an aquatic environment and lessons from banda aceh.as members of the japan disaster relief (jdr) team in banda aceh, three of the authors treated 1,891 patients following the tsunami of 2004. of the 367 cases with traumatic injuries, 216 cases required antimicrobial therapy. the medical services were continued by the japan self-defense (jsd) medical team until mid-march 2005. of the 216 cases initially treated by jdr, 54 required prolonged antimicrobial therapy for persistent symptoms despite repeated debridement. the aim of this study is to rec ...200919618353
excision of a large abdominal wall lipoma improved bowel passage in a proteus syndrome patient.proteus syndrome is an extremely rare congenital disorder that produces multifocal overgrowth of tissue. this report presents a surgical case of a large lipoma in the abdominal wall of a patient with proteus syndrome. she was diagnosed with proteus syndrome based on certain diagnostic criteria. the neoplasm increased in size gradually, producing hemihypertrophy of her left lower extremity and trunk, and spread to her retroperitoneum and her left abdominal wall. she experienced gradually progress ...200919598310
[early use of vacuum sealing drainage to repair the wound of the injured in wenchuan earthquake].to investigate the method of using vacuum sealing drainage (vsd) technique to repair the wound of the injured in wenchuan earthquake and its therapeutic effect.200919594008
prevalence of ctx-m beta-lactamases in philadelphia, pennsylvania.ctx-m beta-lactamases were thought to be rare in the united states, but a recent study in texas showed that up to 70% of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (esbl)-containing members of the enterobacteriaceae family were ctx-m positive (j. s. lewis, m. herrera, b. wickes, j. e. patterson, and j. h. jorgensen, antimicrob. agents chemother. 51:4015-4021, 2007). we used pcr to detect ctx-m in all 291 extended-spectrum cephalosporin-resistant gram-negative bacteria isolated in our laboratory during 200 ...200919587301
endophthalmitis caused by proteus species: antibiotic sensitivities and visual acuity outcomes.the purpose of this study was to report the clinical presentation, causative organisms, antibiotic sensitivities, management, and visual acuity outcomes in patients with endophthalmitis caused by proteus species at a university teaching hospital over a 24-year period.200919584659
selected bacterial recovery in trinidadian children with chronic tonsillar disease.pharyngotonsillitis in children is widely treated with antibiotics.200819582348
serological characterization of the core region of lipopolysaccharides of rough proteus sp. strains.both smooth and rough proteus sp. strains can be found. the latter are characterized by their lack of an o-polysaccharide chain in the lipopolysaccharide (lps) molecule, which makes them suitable for obtaining anti-core sera. using this kind of material enables identifying fragments of the proteus lps core region that might be involved in cross-reactions. to date only a few similar epitopes have been established for the genus proteus.200919578814
foot or hand malformations related to deep venous system anomalies of the lower limb in klippel-trénaunay syndrome.klippel-trénaunay syndrome (kts) is a capillary-lymphatic-venous malformation associated with soft tissue and skeletal hypertrophy of one or more limbs. deep venous system (dvs) anomalies are reported to be present in 8% to 18% of patients with kts; approximately 25% of patients with kts have hand or foot malformations.200919577333
encephalocraniocutaneous lipomatosis.encephalocraniocutaneous lipomatosis (eccl) is a sporadically occurring neurocutaneous disorder of unknown aetiology. it has repeatedly been discussed as a localised form of proteus syndrome. in 2006, the first large series of patients was reported, and diagnostic criteria were proposed.200919574261
pediatric chest wall and breast deformities.pediatric chest wall and breast deformities present as a wide spectrum of anomalies, and often occur coincidentally. chest wall abnormalities fall into two categories, congenital (which are largely hypoplastic) and deformational (including both chest wall malignancies and postoperative abnormalities). breast abnormalities can be categorized into three groups, including hypoplastic, hyperplastic, and deformational anomalies. hypoplastic breast anomalies require reconstruction with augmentation te ...200919568138
antibiotic susceptibility profiles of uncommon bacterial species causing severe infections in italy.this study presents the results of the italian "severe infections project" involving bacteria that can be considered rare causes of disease. we isolated 30 uncommon human pathogens from a total of 60 strains (1.2% of all the isolates). the most frequent sources of uncommon human pathogens were primary bloodstream infections (48.3%) and pneumonia (20%). species such as comamonas testosteroni, enterococcus hirae, kluyvera ascorbata, kluyvera cryocrescens, leclercia adecarboxylata and ochrobactrum ...200919567344
epidemiology of antimicrobial resistance among gram-negative organisms recovered from patients in a multistate network of long-term care facilities.we identified 1,805 gram-negative organisms in cultures of urine samples obtained over a 10-month period from residents of 63 long-term care facilities. the prevalence of fluoroquinolone resistance in escherichia coli was 51% (446 of 874 isolates), whereas the prevalences of ceftazidime and imipenem resistance in klebsiella species were 26% and 6% (84 and 19 of 323 isolates), respectively. the prevalence of resistance varied significantly by facility type, size, and geographic location.200919566445
epidemiological and bacteriological profile of burn patients at nepal medical college teaching hospital.this study was conducted to know the epidemiological and bacteriological profile of burn patients at nepal medical college teaching hospital. the charts of 50 burn patients admitted in department of surgery were reviewed retrospectively. all the epidemiological characteristics, mode of injury, time taken to reach hospital and involved body surface areas were noted. the charts were also reviewed for bacterial isolates from burn wounds and its sensitivity pattern for various antibiotics. data was ...200819558060
crystalline bacterial biofilm formation on urinary catheters by urease-producing urinary tract pathogens: a simple method of control.the problem of catheter encrustation stems from infection by urease-producing bacteria. these organisms generate ammonia from urea, elevate the ph of urine and cause crystals of calcium and magnesium phosphates to form in the urine and the biofilm that develops on the catheter. in this study, a laboratory model was used to compare the ability of 12 urease-positive species of urinary tract pathogens to encrust and block catheters. proteus mirabilis, proteus vulgaris and providencia rettgeri were ...200919556373
evaluation of antibacterial activity, phenol and flavonoid contents of thespesia populnea flower extracts.flavonoids which were reported as having many pharmacological activities, antimicrobial, antioxidant, cytotoxic, chemoprevention activities and they possess strong antiproliferative effects related to inhibition of cell cycle progression and apoptosis induction. on the basis of this thespesia populnea (l.) sol. ex correa (family-malvaceae) was selected and it is having the major composition of flavonoids and the antibacterial activity of methanolic extract of thespesia populnea flowers was inves ...200919553175
harmonically matched grating-based full-field quantitative high-resolution phase microscope for observing dynamics of transparent biological samples.we have developed a full-field high resolution quantitative phase imaging technique for observing dynamics of transparent biological samples. by using a harmonically matched diffraction grating pair (600 and 1200 lines/mm), we were able to obtain non-trivial phase difference (other than 0 degrees or 180 degrees) between the output ports of the gratings. improving upon our previous design, our current system mitigates astigmatism artifacts and is capable of high resolution imaging. this system al ...200719551112
investigating nanoscale cellular dynamics with cross-sectional spectral domain phase microscopy.we report on cross-sectional imaging of dynamic biological specimens using a spectral domain phase microscopy (sdpm) system capable of operating at a line rate of 19 khz. this system combines the time-sensitive capabilities of sdpm with the multi-point acquisition features of related phase-sensitive techniques. the presented phase portraits and b-scan phase images of spontaneously beating embryonic cardiomyocytes and cytoplasmic flow in a. proteus offer insight into the nature and timing of the ...200719547138
emergence of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase per-1 in proteus vulgaris and providencia stuartii isolates from algiers, algeria. 200919546365
synthesis, antibacterial and antifungal activities of novel 1,2,4-triazolium derivatives.a series of novel 1,2,4-triazolium derivatives was synthesized starting from commercially available 1h-1,2,4-triazole, 2,4-dichlorobenzyl chloride, or 2,4-difluorobenzyl bromide. their antibacterial and antifungal activities were evaluated against staphylococcus aureus atcc 29213, escherichia coli atcc 25922, bacillus proteus, bacillus subtilis, pseudomonas aeruginosa, candida albicans atcc 76615, and aspergillus fumigatus. all structures of the new compounds were confirmed by nmr, ir, and ms sp ...200919544478
high prevalence of bla(ctx-m-1)-group extended-spectrum beta-lactamase genes in enterobacteriaceae isolates from emilia-romagna, italy. 200919541784
impact of infection on the secretory capacity of the male accessory glands.studies that compare the impact of different infectious entities of the male reproductive tract (mrt) on the male accessory gland function are controversial.200919538765
[microbiological sepsis screening in surgical icu patients with the "lightcycler" septifast test--a pilot study].an adequate approach to surgically induced sepsis needs an early and targeted antibiotic therapy in addition to focus sanitation. the pcr-based lightcycler septifast test can detect 90 % of the sepsis-associated microoganisms (e. g., gram-positive, gram-negative bacteria, fungi) within only a few hours.200919536720
proteolytic bacteria in the lower digestive tract of poultry may affect avian influenza virus pathogenicity.proteolytic cleavage of hemagglutinin is required for cell entry by receptor-mediated endocytosis and plays a key role in pathogenicity of the influenza virus. despite several studies describing relationships between bacterial proteases and influenza a viral activation in mammals, very little is known about the role of the normal bacterial flora of birds on hemagglutinin activation. we examined the indigenous intestinal microflora of 100 mixed-sex, 27-d-old ross chickens from a commercial poultr ...200919531708
asymptomatic bacteriuria during pregnancy.the present study was aimed to test the association between asymptomatic bacteriuria during pregnancy, among patients in whom antibiotic treatment was recommended, and perinatal outcome. our study was also designed to characterize common bacteria and risk factors associated with asymptomatic bacteriuria during pregnancy.200919530000
antibiotic resistance in children with recurrent or complicated urinary tract infection.urinary tract infection is certainly one of the most common childhood infections. emerging resistance to the antibiotics is not unusual. current hospitalization for children with urinary tract infection is reserved for severe or complicated cases. the aim of the present study was to determine the antibiotic resistance pattern among children with recurrent or complicated urinary tract infection.200919529052
synergistic interaction between silver nanoparticles and membrane-permeabilizing antimicrobial peptides.silver nanoparticles, as well as antimicrobial peptides (amps), can be used to fight infectious diseases. since amps are known to permeabilize bacterial membranes and might therefore help silver nanoparticles to access internal target sites, we investigated their combined activities and showed synergistic effects between polymyxin b and silver nanoparticles for gram-negative bacteria.200919528287
thermotolerance and multidrug resistance in bacteria isolated from equids and their environment.sixty-nine vaginal swabs and 138 rectal swabs collected from 195 equids were analysed for the presence of thermotolerant bacteria, that is, bacteria surviving at 60+/-0.1 degrees c for one hour. thermotolerant escherichia coli, enterobacter species, klebsiella pneumoniae, proteus species and pseudomonas species were isolated from 41, 16, nine, three and three of the 138 rectal swabs, respectively; seven of the e coli and two of the enterobacter species isolates survived pasteurisation at 63.8+/- ...200919525523
veb-6 extended-spectrum beta-lactamase-producing proteus mirabilis from sultanate of oman. 200919525094
prevalence of acquired ampc beta-lactamases in enterobacteriaceae lacking inducible chromosomal ampc genes at a spanish hospital from 1999 to 2007.in 2007, a significant increase in acquired ampc genes in enterobacteriaceae from 0.06% in 1999 to 1.3% was observed. proteus mirabilis showed the highest prevalence (0.95%) and cmy-2 was the most prevalent ampc enzyme (66.7%). other enzymes such as cmy-4, dha-1, acc-1, and three new enzymes called cmy-25, cmy-27 and cmy-40 were detected. seven out of the 117 isolates (6%) also produced an extended-spectrum beta-lactamase. as acquired ampc enzymes are likely to become a serious public health iss ...201019523051
[evaluation of effectiveness and tolerance of treatment with azithromycin 1.5% eye drops in bacterial conjunctivitis].azithromycin is a macrolide class antibiotic, recently adapted for topical use in ophthalmology. it is effective against the most frequent pathogens found in bacterial conjunctivitis, gram positive and gram negative bacteria. azithromycin has the specificity to have sustained high tissue levels: after repeated instillation, it has been shown to reach sustained concentrations above the mics of susceptible bacteria for 4 days in tears and for 7 days in conjunctiva.200919517846
are sinus-track cultures reliable for identifying the causative agent in chronic osteomyelitis?the infection of bone that contains bone marrow called osteomyelitis, and is caused by different microorganisms. in this study, we aimed to determine the diagnostic value and accuracy of cultures of material from a sinus track compared with those of cultures of bone specimens that have been controversial.200919513734
the aresc study: an international survey on the antimicrobial resistance of pathogens involved in uncomplicated urinary tract infections.the aresc (antimicrobial resistance epidemiological survey on cystitis) study is an international survey to investigate the prevalence and susceptibility of pathogens causing cystitis. female patients (n=4264) aged 18-65 years with symptoms of uncomplicated cystitis were consecutively enrolled in nine european countries as well as brazil during 2003-2006. pathogens were identified and their susceptibility to nine antimicrobials was determined. escherichia coli accounted for 76.7% of isolates. am ...200919505803
preparation, physicochemical characterization and biological evaluation of cefodizime metal ion complexes.cefodizime is a broad spectrum cephalosporin belonging to the third generation agents. in this study, attention has been paid to the preparation, physicochemical characterization and biological evaluation of new cu2+, zn2+, fe3+, co2+ and al3+ complexes of cefodizime.200919505365
[thoraco-brachial cystic lymphangioma and proteus syndrome: prenatal diagnosis and mr follow-up]. 200919503050
oral bacterial flora of the chinese cobra (naja atra) and bamboo pit viper (trimeresurus albolabris) in hong kong sar, china.to determine the oral bacterial flora associated with two common local venomous snakes in hong kong, namely the chinese cobra (naja atra) and the bamboo pit viper (trimeresurus albolabris).200919494373
structural and functional studies of truncated hemolysin a from proteus mirabilis.in this study we analyzed the structure and function of a truncated form of hemolysin a (hpma265) from proteus mirabilis using a series of functional and structural studies. hemolysin a belongs to the two-partner secretion pathway. the two-partner secretion pathway has been identified as the most common protein secretion pathway among gram-negative bacteria. currently, the mechanism of action for the two-partner hemolysin members is not fully understood. in this study, hemolysis experiments reve ...200919494116
dependence of swarming in escherichia coli k-12 on spermidine and the spermidine importer.in a previous work, it was observed that the swarming of polyamine-deficient proteus mirabilis (speb::sm) was severely inhibited on luria-bertani (lb) swarming plates (lbsw) (lb, 0.5% glucose, 0.5% agar), and it was clarified that extracellular putrescine was important as a signaling molecule for the induction of swarming in p. mirabilis. however, a polyamine-deficient strain (delta-speab delta-spec) of escherichia coli swarmed as well as the parental strain on lbsw plates. we report that the sw ...200919493013
an appraisal of current management of childhood urinary tract infections among private medical practitioners.private medical practitioners manage substantial number of children with urinary tract infection in nigeria. it is important to evaluate the management of urinary tract infection (uti), because of complications that may arise form improper treatment.200919485147
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