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core region in proteus mirabilis lipopolysaccharide.four r mutants of p. mirabilis were isolated. the composition of their degraded polysaccharides (ps) obtained from the respective lipopolysaccharides (lps) as well as the composition and properties of the ps-fractions separated by column chromatography were examined. the results were compared with those obtained with ps of the wild type. one of the mutants could be classified as an ra-type mutant, presenting a complete lps core. this polysaccharide core contains: galacturonic acid, glucosamine, ...1977342599
[treatment of patients with chronic colitis with specific microbial hyposensitization]. 1977342817
temperature sensitive r plasmids isolated from proteus strains.out of 32 r plasmids isolated from proteus strains, 17 were found to be temperature sensitive with respect to inheritance in e. coli cells. they were fi- and classified into incompatibility group t or v. cells carrying t group rms273 plasmid were temperature sensitive with respect to growth and conjugal transfer in both e. coli and proteus. the v group yor-10 plasmid was stable in proteus even at 42 c. however, the loss frequency of yor-10 plasmid in e. coli reached 100% after 4 hr of incubation ...1977342875
[proteus vulgaris blood test in mucoviscidosis]. 1977343059
[occult reflux (author's transl)].level diagnosis repeatedly performed in patients without roentgenologically demonstrable reflux demonstrated bladder bacteriuria in 80% of the cases. the remaining 20% had supravesical bacteriuria. we called this occult reflux, if reinfection was demonstrated. contamination of the upper tract by occult reflux can, but must not induce pyelonephritis. bilateral antireflux surgery frequently eliminates occult reflux of bacteria, so this seems a debatable method of treatment.1978343343
[change in the quantity of coliform and proteus bacteria during the ripening of raw, nonperishable meat products].studied were the changes in the amount of coliform and proteus bacteria in the production of raw-dried and raw-smoked unperishable meat products, employing model testing procedures of experimentally contaminated meat products with escherichia coli and bacterium proteus, through following up the changes in the counts of coliform and proteus bacteria in batches of regular production, and by the investigation of raw meat samples of varying moisture content. the studies were carried out at eight ent ...1977343357
[bacteriocinogenic properties of proteus].as revealed, bacteriocinogenia was widespread in bacteria of the proteus genus (85 +/- 3.87%). proteus cultures isolated from various sources failed to differ by the number of bacteriocinogenic cultures and by bacteriocinogenic activity. bacteriocinogenic cultures were mostly revealed among the proteius mirabilis strains.1978343455
[persistence and reversion of stable l forms of proteus mirabilis in white mice]. 1977343510
[experimental pyelonephritis from proteus mirabilis l forms in rats]. 1977343511
antibacterial prophylaxis in patients after prostatectomy.seventy-five patients with prostatic adenoma and sterile urine cultures were treated prophylactically after operation, with one of four antibacterial drugs (nitrofurantoin, mandelamine, biseptol, chlorocid). administration of nitrofurantoin and mandelamine in the postoperative period was found to be advantageous. in patients receiving these drugs, incidence of urinary tract infections was reduced by one half compared with a control group of untreated patients.1977344254
bacterial infections in the newborns.in the care of 5178 live newborns from october 1971 to october 1974, 252 (4.7%) cases of bacterial infections were diagnosed. of this number, 131 were full-term and 121 premature newborns. the three most frequent types of infections were gastroenteritis (103 cases = 40.8%), urinary tract infections (77 cases = 30.5%), and septicaemia (51 cases = 20.2%). the three organisms most frequently found were e. coli, proteus and enterobacter. the prevalence of gram-negative over gram-posivite germs was v ...1978344281
pretreatment with colistin and proteus sensitivity to other agents.the effects of pretreatment with colistin (polymyxin e) on the sensitivity of proteus mirabilis, p. vulgaris and p. morganii strains to tris and sodium deoxycholate (doc) have been studied. pretreatment of two p. mirabilis strains (nctc 60 and 4199) with low concentrations (0.25 approximately 1 microgram/ml) of colistin rendered them sensitive to lysis by tris (0.05m) or doc (250 approximately 1,000 microgram/ml) although doc induced lysis of control (non-colistin-treated) suspensions also. in c ...1978344297
characterization and clinical identification of enterobacteriaceae by dna hybridization. 1978345354
p mirabilis and cem. 1978345595
[transfer of multi-drug resistance in vivo by salmonellae and shigella in white mice].the oral infection accomplished by 0.3 cm3 x 10(10) microbial bodies of salmonella heidelberg and shigella sonnei in albino mice the pathogens were found to localize in the intestines. the salmonellae were detected up to the 10th day, and the shigellae--up to the 14th day. both shigella and salmonella transferred multi-drug resistance to some enterobacteria--e. coli and proteus as well as to salmonella typhimurium when the latter was also present in the intestinal tract; of these some 10--40 per ...1977345607
[experience with a new culture medium for salmonella diagnosis (author's transl)].a new medium for the cultivation of salmonella is presented which enables an immediate distinction of proteus bacteria and citrobacter. the time needed for diagnosis is reduced, expenditure on staff and material will be reduced. the "positive" salmonella yield from faeces specimens is increased as compared to leifson agar and ss agar.1978345692
homologous and cross-reacting antibodies in the sera of gnotobiotic rats. 1978346185
experimental pyelonephritis induced by l-forms of proteus mirabilis in rats.pyelonephritis was produced in 75 white rats by applying a 24-hour ligature on the ureter and by intravenous injection of a suspension of 5x10(9) cells of a stable proteus mirabilis l-form. pyelonephritis was proved microscopically in 44% of the animals. the revertants of the introduced l-form play an etiological role in the development of the infection. the stability of the pathohistological findings makes this model suitable for the purpose of experimental chemotherapy.1978346363
hematogenous bacteroides fragilis and proteus mirabilis infection in a dog with lymphocytic lymphoma of the spleen. 1978346544
replication of plasmid dna in proteus mirabilis in limiting concentrations of thymine.replicating forms of the r plasmid prr12 and the colicin e1 plasmid rsf2124 were isolated from proteus mirabilis after growth in medium containing a limiting concentration of thymine. both plasmids were replicated as partially supercoiled intermediates, which have densities between the values of covalently closed circular and nicked circular plasmid dna in ethidium bromide-cesium chloride gradients. in addition, both plasmids had replication intermediates, which have densities lower than that of ...1978346564
head-space gas liquid chromatography for rapid detection of escherichia coli and proteus mirabilis in urine.measuring ethanol formed from arabinose by escherichia coli and dimethyl disulphide formed from methionine by proteus mirabilis is a rapid way of detecting these organisms in the urine. ethanol and dimethyl disulphide are detected by head-space gas-liquid chromatography. since sedimented organisms and not whole urine are used the method is not subject to interference from compounds within the urine. when it was tested on 122 samples of urine, 94 from patients with suspected urinary infection and ...1978346614
[in vitro activity of cefoxitin compared with the activity of other antibiotics and trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (author's transl)].the new developed antibiotic cefoxitin has been tested in vitro on its effectiveness against bacteria isolated from human material. pseudomonas aeruginosa and streptococci of the serological group d were not tested, because these microorganisms are not sensitive against this antibiotic. besides cefoxitin other antibiotics (cephalothin, cephalexin, ampicillin, carbenicillin, tetracycline, gentamicin, penicillin g, oxacillin) and trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole were also tested. as to the results ce ...1978347234
[effect of bacteria in mycoplasmosis in calves caused by m. bovirhinis]. 1978347692
outbreak of multiply drug-resistant proteus mirabilis originating in a surgical intensive care unit: in vitro susceptibility pattern.a multiply drug-resistant strain of proteus mirabilis was isolated from 14 patients on a surgical service. antimicrobial susceptibility studies demonstrated that the organism was highly resistant to numerous antibiotics, including gentamicin, tobramycin, and sisomicin. the organism was susceptible in vitro to amikacin but had low-level resistance to netilmicin. in vitro susceptibility studies with combinations of cephalothin with netilmicin and trimethoprim with sulfamethoxazole showed these dru ...1978348093
chemiluminescent detection of bacteria: experimental and theoretical limits.the limit of sensitivity of the chemiluminescent assay for detection of bacteria by hemeprotein catalysis of luminol oxidation was determined, both experimentally and theoretically, to be no lower than 10(5) to 10(6) viable bacterial per ml.1978348109
amikacin therapy of gram-negative bacteremia and meningitis. treatment in diseases due to multiple resistant bacilli.the therapeutic efficacy of amikacin was evaluated in patients with serious hospital-acquired infections caused by gram-negative bacilli susceptible to amikacin, but usually resistant to kanamycin, gentamicin, and tobramycin. the infections for which amikacin was given were gram-negative bacteremia in 15 patients and gram-negative meningitis in two patients. therapy with amikacin resulted in a cure in 13 patients, improvement in 1, and failure in 3. continuous intravenous infusion of amikacin yi ...1978348135
the role of lysine in the serological specificity of some proteus mirabilis lipopolysaccharides. 1978348273
comparative clinicopathological and bacteriological studies in schistosomiasis mansoni.fifty male egyptian inpatients with active colonic mansoniasis were studied clinicopathologically, endoscopically, radiologically and bacteriologically. this was done to find out the pattern of colonic and urinary enterobacteria and serum antisalmonella agglutinins in various stages of mansoniasis. cases are divided into three groups (a, b and c) according to the stage of their hepato-splenomegally. their clinical presentations were dysentery, rectal bleeding, abdominal distension, anaemia, endo ...1978348448
interaction between penicillin and the dd-carboxypeptidase of the unstable l-form of proteus mirabilis strain 19.binding of penicillin to the dd-carboxypeptidase of the unstable spheroplast l-form of proteus mirabilis results in the rapid formation of a modified enzyme-inhibitor complex which in turn undergoes rapid decay into reactivated enzyme and an antibiotically inactive penicillin degradation product. major antibiotic metabolites recovered from such interactions were benzylpenicilloic acid and phenoxymethylpenicilloic acid from benzylpenicillin and phenoxymethylpenicillin, respectively, suggesting a ...1978348468
cerulenin-induced changes in the lipopolysaccharide content and phospholipid composition of proteus mirabilis.inhibition of proteus mirabilis growth by cerulenin, a specific inhibitor of fatty acid biosynthesis, was reversed by exogenously supplied fatty acid mixtures containing oleic acid and palmitic or pentadecanoic acids. the growth rate of the cells treated with cerulenin in the presence of the fatty acid mixtures was slower, however, than that of untreated cells, and their lipopolysaccharide content was decreased by 30-50%, resulting in an increased sensitivity of the organisms to rifamycin and va ...1978348472
bacteriology of diarrhoea in egyptian children. 1977348549
chloramphenicol for oral treatment of canine urinary tract infections.chloramphenicol was administered orally for 7 to 14 days to 83 dogs with urinary tract infections. the daily dosage of 99 mg/kg (45 mg/lb) was divided into 3 equal parts and administered at 8-hour intervals. response to treatment (negative urine culture after treatment) varied from 84% (11 to 13) for infections caused by staphylococcus aureus to 51% (24 of 47) for those caused by escherichia coli; 82% (14 of 17) of the infections caused by streptococcus spp and 63% (7 of 11) of those caused by p ...1978348660
an in vitro model of the urinary bladder. 1978348666
the effect of antibiotics and acetohydroxamic acid on bacterial hydrolysis of urea. 1978348668
l-arabinose-ornithine-irgasan medium for differentiating serratia species.a semisolid medium (designated serratia differentiation medium) containing l-arabinose, ornithine, and selective inhibitor was used to differentiate three clinically encountered serratia species. the inhibitor, irgasan dp-300, was incorporated to eliminate false-positive reactions from most remaining enterobacteriaceae. the suspected serratia colony was inoculated as a stab into the medium. serratia marcescens was indicated by a change in color from olive to purple following 18 h of incubation, ...1978348720
cefamandole and cefazolin in the therapy of complicated urinary tract infections.the clinical efficacy and tolerance of cefamandole, a new cephalosporin antibiotic effective against indole-positive strains of proteus, and cefazolin were studied after intramuscular administration of 500 mg of either of the two cephalosporins every 8 hr for seven days in a prospective, randomized study of 65 elderly male patients with complicated urinary tarct infections. both antibiotics were effective in eradicating the infections, and there was no significant difference between the two grou ...1978349091
efficacy and safety of cefamandole plus either gentamicin or tobramycin in therapy of severe gram-negative bacterial infections.thirty-one patients with severe gram-negative bacterial infections were treated successfully with a combination of cefamandole nafate plus gentamicin or tobramycin. the patients were divided into two treatment groups: group 1 received low-dose therapy (80--100 mg of cefamandole nafate/kg per 24 hr plus 3 mg of either gentamicin or tobramycin/kg per 24 hr), and group 2 patients, who had suspected bacteremia, received high-dose therapy (170 mg of cefamandole nafate/kg per 24 hr plus 5 mg of either ...1978349093
antibacterial activity of cefamandole in vitro.cefamandole, a new cephalosporin derivative, was found to have a broad spectrum of antimicrobial activity against a cross-section of both gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria isolated clinically. gram-positive cocci, except for streptococcus faecalis, were extremely susceptible to cefamandole; penicillin g-resistant staphylococcus aureus also was highly susceptible. minimal bactericidal concentrations for gram-positive cocci approximated the minimal inhibitory concentrations. strains of haem ...1978349095
differences between cephalothin and newer parenterally absorbed cephalosporins in vitro: a justification for separate disks.the activities of cefamandole and cefoxitin in vitro were compared with that of cephalothin against staphylococci and gram-negative bacilli. cephalothin was the most active agent against staphylococci. cefamandole exhibited the greatest activity against the enterobacteriaceae, with the exceptions of serratia marcescens and indole-positive proteeae, against which cefoxitin was the most active antibiotic. the activity of newer cephalosporins that are resistant to the beta-lactamases of gram-negati ...1978349096
a comparative study of the activity of cefamandole and other cephalosporins and analysis of the beta-lactamase stability and synergy of cefamandole with aminoglycosides.the antibacterial activity of cefamandole against 445 clinical isolates was investigated and compared with the activity of other known cephalosporins (cephalothin, cephaloridine, cephalexin, and cefazolin) and of two penicillins (ampicillin and carbenicillin). cefamandole was the most active antibiotic against isolates of citrobacter, enterobacter, and shigella, and its activity against staphylococcus aureus, bacteroides, and some members of the enterobacteriaceae was comparable to that of the o ...1978349097
management and microbiology of cutaneous abscesses.cutaneous abscesses in the perineal region contain primarily anaerobes commonly found in stool. non-perineal abscesses contain mixed microflora indigenous to the skin. bacteroides fragilis, the only anaerobe resistant to penicillin, is found predominantly in the perineal area. staphylococcus aureus, although the most common aerobe found, is seen less frequently than expected and is almost always resistant to penicillin. escherichia coli and neisseria gonorrhoeae are rarely found. incision and dr ...1978349218
[sensitivity of clinical proteus strains to antibiotics and their combinations].in 1976 isolation of proteus from wounds of patients with various purulent processes amounted to 14.5 per cent. serotypes 0-10, 0-3 and h-3 predominated among the isolates. sensitivity of 35 clinical strains of proteus to 10 antibiotics, furagin and nevigramone was studied by the method of serial dilutions in liquid media. all the isolates were highly resistant to the antibiotics except gentamicin, furagin and nevigramone, the mic of which for most of the strains was 3.12, 1.6-3.12 and 6.25-12.5 ...1978350143
[use of the banana diet in the therapy of infantile dyspepsias and microbiological control of its effect. iii. effect of dried bananas on the experimental association of e. coli and proteus]. 1978350439
[banana diet in the therapy of infantile dyspepsias]. 1978350440
serological and immunological properties of isolated enterobacterial common antigen. 1978350583
structure, function, and regulation of escherichia coli rrna in proteus mirabilis.escherichia coli rrna genes have been introduced into proteus mirabilis on an f-prime factor (f'14). a portion of the ribosomes in the resulting merodiploid consist of e. coli rrna and p. mirabilis ribosomal proteins. these ribosomes are structurally similar to normal p. mirabilis or e. coli ribosomes and exhibit many or all of the functional properties of normal ribosomes. the accumulation of e. coli rrna in the merodiploid is regulated in a way similar to the the regulation of p. mirabilis rr ...1978350828
lipoprotein from proteus mirabilis.the biosynthesis of a proteus mirabilis outer membrane protein of molecular weight of approximately 7,000 was found to be relatively resistant to puromycin and rifampin, as is the case for the escherichia coli liporotein. furthermore, the existence of the lipoprotein in p. mirabilis was indicated by a comparison of the amino acid compositions of the purified free and bound forms of this protein with those of the e. coli free and bound lipoproteins.1978350832
emergence of antibiotic-resistant bacteria in the intestinal flora of farm inhabitants. 1978351088
effect of firm agar on the swarming of proteus and clostridium species and on the colonies of clinically important bacteria. 1978351181
trimethoprim therapy for urinary tract infection. long-term prophylaxis in a uremic patient. 1978351217
anti-m in children with acute bacterial infections.four children, 7 to 24 months old, were found to have anti-m at the time of admission to the hospital for severe acute bacterial infections. all were m-n+. two patients had meningitis, one had septic arthritis, and the fourth had a third-degree burn of the left hand. in follow-up studies the anti-m of patients no3 and no4 were no longer detectable after 12 and 11 months respectively. in all patients no demonstrable antibody was in either maternal or cord sera at time of birth. the clinical data ...1978351884
transferable antibiotic resistance in enterobacteriaceae isolated from urinary tract infections in general practice.138 different coliform isolates from patients with uti in 2 general practices in stockport, england, showed an incidence of drug resistance of 36%: 47% of these strains transferred resistance to e. coli k12. multiple resistance, i.e. resistance to more than 2 drugs occurred in more than a quarter of resistant isolates and sulphonamide resistance was most common. more than twice as many strains in this series (1973--74) were sulphonamide resistant compared with a previous survey (1968--70). mic v ...1978352037
[study of the immunological activity of blood in various rickettsial and viral infections].the content of various types of antibodies were studied in the blood serum of laboratory animals in experimental tick-borne rickettsiosis of northern asia. this was done by a simultaneous staging of indirect hemagglutination, indirect hemolysis, compliment fixation under cold conditions, and agglutination with proteus antigen ox19 tests. immune horse sera to the influenza virus were also studied with the aid of several serological tests. the data obtained pointed to the significant differences i ...1978352050
[the gastrointestinal flora in the vietnamese pot-belly pig]. 1978352298
[the quantitative composition of the gastrointestinal flora in piglets during the first weeks of life. 1. the development of the gastrointestinal flora in naturally reared piglets].studies were conducted into the quantitative composition of the gastro-intestinal flora of 30 naturally raised piglets in four age groups. the gastro-intestinal tract was found to be "flooded" by escherichia coli, clostridium perfringens, micrococci, streptococci, proteus, and lactobacteria over the first hours after birth. development of the intestinal flora was complete at the age of four days. the groups of germs recordable from naturally and artificially raised piglets were, basically, the s ...1978352300
interaction of lipopolysaccharide with detergents and its possible role in the detergent resistance of the outer membrane of gram-negative bacteria.in the presence of mgcl2, amounts of detergents which disrupted phospholipid vesicles caused lipopolysaccharide i from proteus mirabilis to aggregate and form vesicular, membrane-like structures. vesicle formation with p. mirabilis lipopolysaccharide ii containing longer o-polysaccharide chains was extremely poor. lipopolysaccharides of salmonella minnesota r mutants (chemotypes ra, rc and re) displayed a growing tendency for vesicle formation with increasing deficiency of the r core polysacchar ...1978352397
proteus mirabilis brain abscess in a neonate.occasionally a brain abscess has been observed in a neonate. this report presents a unique case of a septic infant who developed a proteus mirabilis brain abscess shortly after birth, which persisted undetected until 21/2 months of age.1978352771
comparison of micro-id, api 20e, and conventional media systems in identification of enterobacteriaceae.the micro-id, a new identification kit for enterobacteriaceae, consists of 15 biochemical tests, with substrates and reagents impregnated in filter paper disks. a 0.2-ml amount of an organism suspension equal to a 0.5 mcfarland standard is pipetted into each of the compartments. after 4 h of incubation and addition of potassium-hydroxide (koh) to the voges-proskauer test, the color reactions are read according to the recommendations of the manufacturer. a five-digit octal code number is derived ...1978353065
coding of stable 4s rna molecules by the resistance factor r1.with the aid of dna-rna hybridization experiments it was shown that an e. coli strain harbouring the resistance factor r1 contains small, stable rna species which are capable of annealing with the dna of this r-factor. at a higher hybridization temperature rna molecules form the isogenic, sensitive strain could also hybridize to the r1-dna. these rna-species were again detected if the rna was extracted from p. mirabilis carrying this plasmid. the fact that sulfur-labelled rna also hybridized to ...1978353512
[selected chapters from clinical bacteriology. vi. enteric bacteria]. 1978353784
xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis masquerading as occult malignancy.xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis (xgp) can present with weight loss, anemia, leukemoid reaction, and generalized debility; there may be no signs or symptoms referable to the urinary tract. confusion between xgp and renal adenocarcinoma is well recognized, but other malignancies can also be simulated. case histories of patients with proved xgp whose clinical presentations suggested occult malignancies are recorded. proteus urinary tract infection, calculi, and a nonvisualizing kidney on intrave ...1978354158
[bacterial plasmids]. 1978354238
[various aspects of secondary pyelonephritis in urinary calculi]. 1978354267
[microbiological examinations in the intensive surgical care unit of the general calixto garcia teaching hospital].microbiological examinations carried out in the intensive surgical-care unit of the "calixto garcía" teaching hospital between october, 1974 and february, 1976 are exposed. nineteen examinations were carried out in the unit and results were as follows: 53,1% of the personnel had pathogenic germs (43,8%, coagulase-positive staphylococci; 6,3%, beta-hemolytic streptococci; and 6,3%, klebsiella). acceptable results were obtained in the unit air but it was not the case in laboratory and nursery sect ...1977354643
cystitis. 1978354720
amplification of the cytotoxin action of glucocorticoid in cultured l5178y lymphoblasts. 1978354783
serotyping in epidemiological tracing of nosocomially acquired proteus mirabilis in a geriatric ward.samples taken from patients, staff, and hospital milieu at intervals of two weeks for 41 weeks were analysed for nosocomial spread of proteus mirabilis. eighty-eight per cent of 3,519 colonies were serotyped into 21 0 groups. by o grouping and h typing, nosocomial spread of p. mirabilis could be demonstrated in several cases between patients in the same room. no spread between rooms was found. the acquisition of p. mirabilis between patients probably occurred as the result of cross-infection due ...1978355144
differentiation of serratia marcescens and serratia liquefaciens by tests for lipase and phospholipase production.the production of lipase and phospolipase by certain members of the enterobacteriaceae was examined by thin-layer chromatography of resting-cell suspensions incubated with triolein or lecithin. most strains of serratia marcescens produced both enzymes while most strains of serratia liquefaciens exhibited strong lipase but only a minor phospholipase activity. enterobacter spp. (25 strains), klebsiella pneumoniae (20 strains), escherichia coli (15 strains), citrobacter freundii (7 strains) and pro ...1978355631
studies of introital colonization in women with recurrent urinary infections. x. adhesive properties of escherichia coli and proteus mirabilis: lack of correlation with urinary pathogenicity.the ability of a bacterial strain to adhere to the vaginal mucosa and the mucosa of the urinary conduits seems to be important in the pathogenesis of urinary infection. bacterial adherence to vaginal epithelial cells was measured in vitro for 37 strains of escherichia coli and 18 strains of proteus mirabilis isolated from the anus, bladder and renal pelvis. no correlation could be demonstrated between the adhesive properties of a bacterial strain and its clinical pathogenicity, suggesting that h ...1978355660
experimental gram-negative bacterial sepsis: reevaluation of the ability of rough mutant antisera to protect mice. 1978356058
[acute gastrointestinal tract disorders caused by proteus]. 1978356422
alternate pathway activation of complement in a proteus mirabilis ulceration of the cornea.a 63-year-old patient had an extensive infiltration, ulceration, and eventual perforation of the cornea caused by proteus mirabilis. histopathological examination of corneal tissue that was obtained at keratoplasty disclosed that the stroma was ulcerated with a diffuse infiltration of polymorphonuclear leukocytes. immunopathological examination of the cornea revealed prominent and diffuse staining for properdin and c3 complement. there was an absence of staining for igg, iga, igm, ige, and c4 co ...1978356830
relationship between the effect of carbenicillin on the phagocytosis and killing of proteus mirabilis by polymorphonuclear leukocytes and therapeutic efficacy. 1978357365
ultrastructure of an unstable l-form strain p42l of proteus mirabilis. 1978357673
mobilization of the proteus mirabilis chromosome by r plasmid r772.the p-1 incompatibility group plasmid r772 can mobilize the chromosome of proteus mirabilis strain pm5006. the decreasing gradient of recombinant recovery frequencies found for markers which were increasingly distal to 0 min with plasmid d donors was not found with r772. instead, it produced recombinants for all markers at frequencies of about 5 x 10(-5) per donor. this is about 10-fold lower than the plasmid transfer frequency. recombinants were stable and recombination was only detected over s ...1978357678
occult chronic septic arthritis due to proteus mirabilis. 1978357766
[rifampicin in klebsiella pneumoniae septicemia]. 1978357959
urinary tract infections in girls: age at onset and urinary tract abnormalities. 1978358124
[importance of a new differential medium for the diagnosis of species of the genus proteus]. 1977358149
[meningitis caused by gram-negative bacteria: comments apropos of 14 cases]. 1978358330
urinary tract infections caused by proteus mirabilis in children. the antibody response to o and h antigens and tamm-horsfall protein and bacterial adherence to uro-epithelium.sera from seven girls with acute symptomatic pyelonephritis and nine children with acute symptomatic cystitis caused by proteus mirabilis were analysed for antibodies against the bacterial o and h1 antigens and the tamm-horsfall protein. an increase in antibody levels against o antigen and tamm-horsfall protein was noted only in patients with acute pyelonephritis indicating that antibody determinations can be useful in differentiating between upper and lower urinary tract infection caused by pro ...1978358736
analysis of amines and other bacterial products by head-space gas chromatography.a gas chromatographic (gc) head-space technique is presented, which is suitable for the analysis of volatile products in bacterial broth cultures. this is exemplified by studies on clostridium septicum, klebsiella pneumoniae and proteus mirabilis. the media were acidified or made alkaline and after heating, samples of the gas phase above the media were directly injected into the gas chromatograph. a gas chromatograph equipped with dual columns and flame ionization detectors was used, employing p ...1978358746
[antibiotic sensitivity of the h- and o-forms of bacteria in the genus proteus].proteus strains isolated from the gastro-intestinal tract of children not older than 1 year were characterized by resistance to oxytetracycline, chlortetracycline, benzylpenicillin and erythromycin. the strains were more sensitive to neomycin, monomycin and streptomycin. antibiotic sensitivity of pr. mirabilis and pr. vulgaris strains increased on transfer from h- to o-form. inverse dependence of the urease activity of the strains on their sensitivity to tetracyclines was noted.1978358911
[chemotherapy of experimental lactational mastitis in mice].more severe mastitis on infection with proteus was shown on a standardized model of experimental lactation mastitis of mice caused by staphylococcus, proteus and their mixture. significant differences in the morphological pictures of the staphylococcal and proteus mastitis were noted. a pronounced effect was observed with the use of kanamycin in combination with fuzidin in treatment of experimental mastitis of various etiology.1978358913
a comparison of the minimum inhibitory concentrations of sisomicin and of fourteen other antibiotics.the activities of sisomicin and of fourteen other antibiotics have been compared for their inhibitory activity on all the different strains of bacteria isolated from a 3,000 bed hospital. the antibiotic sensitivity tests were performed in liquid medium and expressed as minimum inhibitory concentrations. the tests were performed over a period of four months. the results are discussed.1978359385
[new aspects of the value of endotoxins in various gastrointestinal diseases].recent investigations of several authors on portal venous and systemic endotoxemia in healthy adults have shown that endotoxins absorbed from the intestinal mucosa are found in portal venous blood, cleared by the res of the liver and usually cannot be determined in peripheral blood. in patients with liver disease, however, there was often a reduced endotoxin clearance with spillover of endotoxin resulting in systemic endotoxemia. among the complications of systemic endotoxemia, hepatocytotoxicit ...1978359442
nature of the swarming phenomenon in proteus. 1978360961
inhibition of protein synthesis by three erythromycin-derivatives. 1978361037
quantation by flow microfluorometry of total cellular dna in acanthamoeba.the dna content of five species of acanthamoeba was determined by flow microfluorometry. acanthamoeba castellanii (ac-30), acanthamoeba polyphaga (apg and p-23), acanthamoeba rhysodes, acanthamoeba culbertsoni (a-1), and acanthamoeba royreba were grown in a casitone based medium 24-48 hr. the trophozoites were harvested, and evaluated for dna-bound fluorescence. all species tested has dna values between 2.0-5.0 pg/cell. these results placed dna/cell values of acanthamoeba slightly lower than dna ...1978361883
influence of pili on the virulence of proteus mirabilis in experimental hematogenous pyelonephritis.the ability of heavily and lightly piliated proteus mirabilis to infect the renal parenchyma was compared in a model of hematogenous pyelonephritis. cortical abscesses occurred in 13 of 24 rats injected with lightly piliated p. mirabilis but in none of 24 rats challenged with heavily piliated organisms (p less than 0.001). lightly and heavily piliated organisms were cleared from the vasculature equally rapidly and were also delivered to the kidney in equal numbers. during the first 24 hr, howeve ...1978361900
initial urinary tract infection caused by proteus mirabilis in infancy and childhood. 1978361938
the significance of serum-sensitive bacilli in gram-negative bacteremia.clinical findings from 76 patients (median age 67 years) with gram-negative bacteremia were analysed and related to the sensitivity of the blood isolates to the bactericidal activity of normal human serum. 28 strains (37%) were resistant, an equal number intermediately sensitive and 20 markedly sensitive (26%). no correlation was found between serum sensitivity and origin of the bacteremia, presence of fever or blood granulocyte count. the frequency of shock in immunocompromised patients with se ...1978362514
fermentation, isolation, and biological activity of maduramycin: a new antibiotic from actinomadura rubra.in a continuing search for new antibiotics, the species actinomadura rubra (sveshnikova et al.) j. meyer et m. sveshnikova 1974 (strain imet 13001) was found to produce a red pigment with indicator properties, designated maduramycin. the pigment (c28h22o10; m.w. 518 m/e-; m.p. 305--310 degrees c (dec.); uvmax 225.307 nm) possesses a strong antimicrobial activity against gram-positive bacteria, including strains which produce inactivating enzymes for some commercial antibiotics. maduramycin forms ...1978362738
[identification of enterobacteriaceae species in clinical-microbiological laboratories]. 1978362750
bacteriuria in urinary schistosomiasis in egypt a prevalence survey.an epidemiologic survey to assess the prevalence of bacteriuria in urinary schistosomiasis was carried out in a region endemic for urinary schistosomiasis in egypt. twenty of 390 (5.1%) school boys aged 5--16 years were bacteriuric. this prevalence rate is more than 10 times greater than that found in comparable surveys in areas non-endemic for urinary schistosomiasis. in this endemic population bacteriuria was found in 6.5% of active egg excreters and 2.3% of non-egg excreters.1978362956
an overview of results of world-wide clinical trials with cefadroxil.céfadroxil, a new semisynthetic oral cephalosporin, is absorbed similarly by fasted and non-fasted subjects, produces sustained serum levels and is eliminated at a relatively slow rate. these pharmacokinetic properties permit less frequent and more convenient dosage scheduling than cephalexin and cephradine and consequently greater patient compliance. cefadroxil was evaluated for safety in 1051 patients and for efficacy in 1030 patients. overall it achieved a 91.8% rate of clinical success resul ...1978363481
a hydroxamic acid from aspergillus nidulans with antibiotic activity against proteus species.an iron-complexing antibiotic with a narrow spectrum of biological activity was produced by several strains of aspergillus nidulans when grown in a low-iron, chemically defined medium. its chemical and biological properties closely resembled those of desferritriacetylfusigen, a metabolite of several other aspergilli and penicillia.1978363670
[antibiotic policy and bacterial resistance]. 1978364322
diseases of the respiratory system in reptiles. 1978364816
[elimination of multiple drug resistance of intestinal bacteria in white mice in vivo with proflavine and rimactan].albino mice, infected with 0.4 cu. cm of 10(10) microbial cells (s. heidelberg), were treated with proflavin (0.4 cu. cm of a 0.3% solution) and rimactan rifamycin sv (0.4 cu. cm of a 0.4% solution). proflavin was given singly and four times, daily, in the course of four days, and rimactan was applied four times. given in a single dose proflavin was found to prolong twice as long the life span of albino mice infected with s. heidelberg. when injected four times it lowered considerably the mortal ...1978364820
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