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[is prophyilaxis necessary after urodynamic tests? our experience.]urodynamic studies should be performed only on patients with sterile urine. the use of prophylaxis after urodynamic investigation is debated (positive urinoculture in 9 to 15% of cases). the units of urodynamics at the urological clinic of the university of genoa and of the galliera hospital of genoa assessed the prevalence of bacteriuria on a sample of 336 patients (314 females and 22 males), average age 62.3, between january and december 2006. all patients with sterile urine before examination ...200921086306
high levels of multidrug resistance in clinical isolates of gram-negative pathogens from nigeria.in nigeria, quinolones and β-lactam antibiotics are widely used to treat bacterial infections. this study aimed to identify the prevalence of resistance to these drugs and to determine the mechanisms of resistance to these agents. in total, 134 non-duplicate, gram-negative enteric isolates of 13 species from different hospitals were investigated for susceptibility to a panel of antibiotics, carriage of plasmid-mediated quinolone and β-lactam resistance genes, production of extended-spectrum β-la ...201021074376
salmonella genomic islands and antibiotic resistance in salmonella enterica.antibiotic resistance in several salmonella enterica serovars that cause gastrointestinal disease in humans is due to a set of related genomic islands carrying a class 1 integron, which carries the resistance genes. salmonella genomic island 1 (sgi1), the first island of this type, was found in s. enterica serovar typhimurium dt104 isolates, which are resistant to ampicillin, chloramphenicol, florfenicol, streptomycin, spectinomycin, sulfonamides and tetracycline. several salmonella serovars and ...201021073312
electron transfer from proteus vulgaris to a covalently assembled, single walled carbon nanotube electrode functionalised with osmium bipyridine complex: application to a whole cell biosensor.we report the fabrication and use of electrodes constructed from single walled carbon nanotubes (swcnts) chemically assembled on a carbon surface and functionalised with an osmium(ii) bipyridine complex (osbpy). the ability of the electrodes to transduce biologically generated currents from proteus vulgaris has been established. our investigations show that there are two contributions to the current: one from electroactive species secreted into solution and another from cell redox sites. the mod ...201021067910
d-amino acid oxidase of proteus morganii. 194621066781
[the strains of proteus x isolated from cultures of rickettsia in the intestines of pediculi vestimenti and from the brain of the guinea pig contaminated by otto's passage virus]. 194521066751
isolation and characterization of two antigenic fractions of proteus ox-19. 194621066631
comparison of bacterial diversity in wheat bran and in the gut of larvae and newly emerged adult of musca domestica (diptera: muscidae) by use of ethidium monoazide reveals bacterial colonization.the objective of the current study is to investigate the bacterial colonization within the gut of the house fly, musca domestica l. (diptera: muscidae), at the larval stage and the bacterial community of the gut of the house fly at the newly emerged adult stage. after using ethidium monoazide to inhibit recovery of nucleic acids from dead bacteria, three polymerase chain reaction (pcr)-amplified 16s rdna libraries from wheat bran, larvae, and newly emerged adults was constructed, analyzed, and c ...201021061987
[antibacterial antibodies in human immunoglobulins and sera: past and present].to measure levels of several types of antibacterial antibodies in preparations of normal human immunoglobulin as well as in samples of donor sera obtained in 1965 and 2009.201021061576
characterization of epitope specificity of proteus penneri 7 lipopolysaccharide core region.to extend the knowledge on the fragments of proteus penneri lipopolysaccharide core regions, which determine the cross-reactions with specific antibodies, serological studies were performed by use of p. penneri 7 core-specific antiserum and proteus sp. lipopolysaccharides. different reactivity of the tested antiserum with three groups of antigens suggested differences in their core regions' epitope specificity. comparing the results of the serological investigations with the previously determine ...201021060898
renal stone culture: is it relevant? 201021045482
16s rdna sequence analysis of culturable marine biofilm forming bacteria from a ship's hull.marine bacteria from the hull of a ship in the form of biofilms or microfouling were isolated, cultured, and identified by phylogenetic analysis using 16s rdna sequences. with an average length of 946 bp, all the 16 sequences were classified using the ribosomal database project (rdp) and were submitted to the national center for biotechnology information. phylogenetic analysis using 16s rdna sequences indicated that the 16 strains belonged to the firmicutes (ik-mb6 exiguobacterium aurantiacum, i ...201021038149
emergence of klebsiella pneumoniae carbapenemase-producing proteus mirabilis in hangzhou, china.carbapenems are used to treat severe infections caused by multi-drug-resistant organisms, however, the emergence of carbapenem-resistant bacterial isolates is becoming an increasing therapeutic challenge. since the first klebsiella (k.) pneumoniae carbapenemase (kpc)-producing k. pneumoniae was reported in 2001, kpc-producing isolates have been found increasingly, specially in enterobacteriaceae. the aim of this study was to characterize the mechanisms of a carbapenem-resistant proteus (p.) mira ...201021034629
occurrence of gram-negative bacteria in hens' eggs depending on their source and storage conditions.the aim of this study was to analyse the qualitative composition of gram-negative microbes, mainly of the family enterobacteriaceae, including pathogenic bacteria such as salmonella, in the albumens and yolks and on the shells of hens' eggs, depending on their source and on the temperature and duration of their storage. a total of 375 table eggs were studied, from a large-scale poultry farm, a small-scale poultry farm and a supermarket. each group was divided into 5 subgroups according to the te ...201021033566
incidence of postoperative eye infections in a private eye hospital in lagos, nigeria.there is a dearth of information on postoperative eye infections in nigeria and most hospitals do not have an infection control program in place.201021033323
an illustrative case of neurofibromatosis type 1 and nf1 microdeletion.we report on a patient with nf1 microdeletion and clinical manifestations that fulfill the diagnostic criteria for neurofibromatosis type 1 but also presenting features reminiscent of proteus syndrome.201021031083
antibacterial effects of the essential oils of commonly consumed medicinal herbs using an in vitro model.the chemical composition and antibacterial activity of essential oils from 10 commonly consumed herbs: citrus aurantium, c. limon, lavandula angustifolia, matricaria chamomilla, mentha piperita, m. spicata, ocimum basilicum, origanum vulgare, thymus vulgaris and salvia officinalis have been determined. the antibacterial activity of these oils and their main components; i.e. camphor, carvacrol, 1,8-cineole, linalool, linalyl acetate, limonene, menthol, a-pinene, b-pinene, and thymol were assayed ...201021030907
implication of proteus mirabilis in an outbreak of gastroenteritis. 194621027291
[not available]. 194521021725
the treatment of bacillus proteus infections with nu-445. 194621020389
[not available]. 194621019234
weil-felix and typhus complement-fixation tests in relapsing fever, with special reference to b. proteus ox-k agglutination. 194621018821
[not available]. 194521015244
[not available]. 194621014087
the use of polysaccharide of bacillus proteus oxk in the diagnosis of scrub typhus. 194621013741
the reactions in triple-sugar iron agar produced by paracolon and proteus bacilli. 194521012661
[not available]. 194321011735
[not available]. 194321011734
effect of penicillin on bacillus proteus. 194521007350
the nutrition of proteus morganii: sulphur requirements. 194521005568
on the eyes and reactions to light of proteus anguinus. 194521004249
studies of the serology of typhus fever; complement-fixing antigens of rickettsia prowazeki and their relationship to proteus 0x19. 194621003054
[not available]. 194520999529
the effect of streptomycin on proteus infections of the chick embryo. 194620994870
further notes on the characteristics of proteus ammoniae. 194620992376
agglutination titres with bacillus proteus (oxk) in human sera. 194620991509
proteus vulgaris septicaemia treated with penicillin. 194620988615
the genus proteus. 194620987077
reproductive processes in proteus cultures. 194620987025
[the incidence of extended spectrum beta-lactamases in proteus mirabilis strains isolated in 2007-2009].proteus sp. rods are opportunistic human pathogens, isolated mainly from urinary tract infections. they are naturally susceptible to most antimicrobials. however, acquisition of genes for extended spectrum beta-lactamases on plasmids and irrational antimicrobial treatment increase amount of multidrug resistant strains and lead to their selection. the aim of this study was to evaluate production of esbls by double disc synergy test and antimicrobial susceptibility of p mirabilis strains by disc d ...201020976952
endovascular treatment of disseminated complex aortic vascular malformations in a patient with proteus syndrome. 201020971228
structure and gene cluster of the o-antigen of escherichia coli o109; chemical and genetic evidences of the presence of l-rhan3n derivatives in the o-antigens of e. coli o109 and o119.o-antigen representing the o-polysaccharide chain of the lipopolysaccharide is the most variable constituent on the cell surface of gram-negative bacteria and a player in their pathogenicity. the o-polysaccharide of escherichia coli o109 was studied by sugar analysis and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy and found to contain a rarely occurring monosaccharide, 2,3-diacetamido-2,3,6-trideoxy-l-mannose (l-rhanac3nac). the following structure of the tetrasaccharide repeating unit of the o-poly ...201020964722
survival of phosphate-solubilizing bacteria against dna damaging agents.phosphate-solubilizing bacteria (psbs) were isolated from different plant rhizosphere soils of various agroecological regions of india. these isolates showed synthesis of pyrroloquinoline quinone (pqq), production of gluconic acid, and release of phosphorus from insoluble tricalcium phosphate. the bacterial isolates synthesizing pqq also showed higher tolerance to ultraviolet c radiation and mitomycin c as compared to escherichia coli but were less tolerant than deinococcus radiodurans. unlike e ...201020962905
three enzymatic steps required for the galactosamine incorporation into core lipopolysaccharide.the core lipopolysaccharides (lps) of proteus mirabilis as well as those of klebsiella pneumoniae and serratia marcescens are characterized by the presence of a hexosamine-galacturonic acid disaccharide (αhexn-(1,4)-αgala) attached by an α1,3 linkage to l-glycero-d-manno-heptopyranose ii (l-glycero-α-d-manno-heptosepyranose ii). in k. pneumoniae, s. marcescens, and some p. mirabilis strains, hexn is d-glucosamine, whereas in other p. mirabilis strains, it corresponds to d-galactosamine. previous ...201020959463
antimicrobial susceptibility of intra-abdominal gram-negative bacilli from europe: smart europe 2008.as part of the worldwide study for monitoring antimicrobial resistance trends (smart), a total of 3,030 clinical isolates of gram-negative bacilli from intra-abdominal infections were collected from 43 hospital centres from 13 european countries during 2008. of 51 species, the most commonly isolated species were escherichia coli (49.3%), followed by klebsiella pneumoniae (10.5%) and pseudomonas aeruginosa (8.6%). respectively, 17.9%, 11.6%, 5.5% and 4.5% of k. pneumoniae, e. coli, proteus mirabi ...201020953653
proteus syndrome.proteus syndrome is a hamartomatous disorder characterised by focal overgrowths that can involve any structure of the body. an eleven-year-old girl with proteus syndrome has been described with clitoromegaly.199520952932
antimicrobial activity of doripenem and other carbapenems against gram-negative pathogens from korea.a total of 950 gram-negative bacterial isolates from patients with bacteremia and urinary tract infections were collected from tertiary-care hospitals in korea. in vitro antimicrobial susceptibility testing was performed using broth microdilution test according to clinical and laboratory standards institute protocol. in general, carbapenems such as doripenem, imipenem, and meropenem were very active against enterobacteriaceae, moraxella catarrhalis, pseudomonas aeruginosa, and acinetobacter sp. ...201020950191
[time course of microbial colonization of different voice prostheses].for the vocal rehabilitation of laryngectomized patients, voice prostheses are actually one of the best known methods. caused by the surface colonisation with bacteria and fungi the life time of the prostheses is limited to 3-4 months.201020949410
microbial keratitis in the elderly: a 32-year review.to describe the demographic characteristics, associated factors and causative agents of infectious keratitis in the elderly in a tertiary referral center in são paulo, brazil.201020944931
proteus syndrome.a 2½-year-old male child born of a nonconsanguineous marriage with high parental age presented with macrodactyly, dysmorphic features, large disfiguring lipomas, small fibromas, a linear verrucous epidermal naevus and lymphangioma circumscriptum. x-ray of hand revealed macrodystrophia lipomatosa progressiva. a lipoma and lymphangioma circumscriptum were confirmed by histopathology. the cosmetically disfiguring lipomas were excised. this is the first case report from india with the characteristic ...199720944260
[the bacteriological profile of bacteriuria in residents of a long-term geriatric facility].little is known on the bacteriological profile of consecutive urine samples in elderly patients institutionalized in nursing homes.201020941920
synergy of nitric oxide and silver sulfadiazine against gram-negative, gram-positive, and antibiotic-resistant pathogens.the synergistic activity between nitric oxide (no) released from diazeniumdiolate-modified proline (proli/no) and silver(i) sulfadiazine (agsd) was evaluated against escherichia coli, enterococcus faecalis, proteus mirabilis, pseudomonas aeruginosa, staphylococcus aureus and staphylococcus epidermidis using a modified broth microdilution technique and a checkerboard-type assay. the combination of no and agsd was defined as synergistic when the fractional bactericidal concentration (fbc) was calc ...201020939612
a history of von recklinghausen's nf1.while the study of genetic diseases is a rather recent development in science, von recklinghausen's neurofibromatosis (nf1) has a rich pictorial history, seemingly dating back to the thirteenth century. in 1768, akenside published a scientifically-based description of nf1, recognizing that the monsters of scholars, such as parè and aldrovandi, in fact suffered from a disorder of the nerves. the neuromas of nf1 were first detailed by smith in 1849, but frederick von recklinghausen is credited wit ...201020938857
domoic acid--a new toxin in the croatian adriatic shellfish toxin profile.this is the first study that presents concentrations of domoic acid detected in the whole shellfish tissue from breeding and harvesting areas along the croatian coast of the adriatic sea during the period 2006 to 2008. shellfish sample analyses after sax cleaning procedures, using a uv-dad-hplc system, showed the presence of domoic acid in four species. the most prevalent of those species were the blue mussel (mytilus galloprovincialis), followed by european flat oyster (ostrea edulis), mediterr ...201020938398
swab and aspiration specimen collection methods and antibiogram in chronic suppurative otitis media at jos university teaching hospital: which is superior?chronic suppurative otitis media is a very common otologic problem in our environment. appropriate methods for obtaining sample specimens for specific bacteria isolation has generated a lot of controversy. the simplest method available in our environment is the traditional swab method which, however, has been condemned on the basis of introducing contaminants. the objectives of this study were to compare the bacterial yield and the antibiogram of two specimen collection methods: the traditional ...201020935423
understanding interactive characteristics of bioelectricity generation and reductive decolorization using proteus hauseri.this first-attempt study quantitatively explored interactive characteristics of bioelectricity generation and dye decolorization in air-cathode single-chamber microbial fuel cells (mfcs) using indigenous proteus hauseri zmd44. after approx. 15 cycles (30 days) acclimatization in dye-bearing cultures, p. hauseri could express its stable capability of simultaneous bioelectricity generation and color removal (sbp&cr) in mfcs. evidently, appropriate acclimation strategy for formation of the electroc ...201020932743
a mutational analysis and molecular dynamics simulation of quinolone resistance proteins qnra1 and qnrc from proteus mirabilis.the first report on the transferable, plasmid-mediated quinolone-resistance determinant qnra1 was in 1998. since then, qnr alleles have been discovered worldwide in clinical strains of gram-negative bacilli. qnr proteins confer quinolone resistance, and belong to the pentapeptide repeat protein (prp) family. several prp crystal structures have been solved, but little is known about the functional significance of their structural arrangement.201020932305
essential oil constituents of illicium griffithii and its antimicrobial activity.the essential oil of the fruit of illicium griffithii hook f. et thoms. was extracted using clevenger's apparatus. forty-one compounds were characterized by gas chromatography-mass spectroscopy (gc-ms). 4-methyl-6-(2-propenyl)-1,3-benzodioxole was characterized as the major constituent, followed by linalool amongst the volatile constituents. the essential oil was found to be effective against aspergillus niger, penicillium spp. and saccharomyces cerevisiae and possessed considerable activity aga ...201020931081
chitosan-based polyherbal toothpaste: as novel oral hygiene product.the objective of the present work was to develop chitosan-based polyherbal toothpaste and evaluate its plaque-reducing potential and efficacy in reduction of dental pathogens.201020930349
tigecycline activity: low resistance rates but problematic disc breakpoints revealed by a multicentre sentinel survey in the uk.a multicentre surveillance of tigecycline activity against relevant pathogens in the uk.201020930043
extended-spectrum β-lactamases in gram negative bacteria.extended-spectrum β-lactamases (esbls) are a group of plasmid-mediated, diverse, complex and rapidly evolving enzymes that are posing a major therapeutic challenge today in the treatment of hospitalized and community-based patients. infections due to esbl producers range from uncomplicated urinary tract infections to life-threatening sepsis. derived from the older tem is derived from temoniera, a patient from whom the strain was first isolated in greece. β-lactamases, these enzymes share the abi ...201020927289
novel chalcones and 1,3,5-triphenyl-2-pyrazoline derivatives as antibacterial agents.novel sixteen chalcones and thirteen 1,3,5-triphenyl-2-pyrazolines were synthesized and characterized using ft-ir, hr-mass, nmr (¹h-nmr, ¹³c-nmr, 135 dept, ¹h-¹h cosy and ¹h and ¹³c cosy) and xrd. these compounds were evaluated for their antibacterial activity against six micro-organisms, namely bacillus subtilis ncim 2718, staphylococcus aureus ncim 5021, salmonella typhi ncim 2501, enterobacter aerogenes ncim 5139, pseudomonas aeruginosa ncim 5029, and proteus vulgaris ncim 2813 by twofold dil ...201020925692
proteobactin and a yersiniabactin-related siderophore mediate iron acquisition in proteus mirabilis.proteus mirabilis causes complicated urinary tract infections (utis). while the urinary tract is an iron-limiting environment, iron acquisition remains poorly characterized for this uropathogen. microarray analysis of p. mirabilis hi4320 cultured under iron limitation identified 45 significantly upregulated genes (p ≤ 0.05) that represent 21 putative iron-regulated systems. two gene clusters, pmi0229-0239 and pmi2596-2605, encode putative siderophore systems. pmi0229-0239 encodes a non-ribosomal ...201020923418
antimicrobial activities of single aroma compounds.commercially available aroma samples were evaluated for their olfactory quality by professional perfumers and tested for their antimicrobial activity. agar diffusion and agar-dilution were used as test methods and a set of two gram-positive (staphylococcus aureus and enterococcus faecalis) and four gram-negative bacterial strains (escherichia coli, pseudomonas aeruginosa, proteus vulgaris g, klebsiella pneumoniae and salmonella abony) and a yeast, candida albicans, were the test microorganisms. ...201020922992
typhus-like fevers of unknown ætiology, with special reference to the malay states.typhus exanthematicus, rocky mountain fever, and the tsutsugamushi disease have been classified in the "typhus group" by megaw, as louse-typhus, tick-typhus, and mite-typhus. he has added a fourth-class, comprising typhus-like fevers, with unknown vectors. it is the diseases of this class with which this paper is concerned.endemic typhus (brill's disease) is very closely related to typhus fever; the weil-felix reaction is positive, typhus-like vascular lesions are present, and there is cross-imm ...193020911935
brain abscesses during proteus vulgaris bacteremia.proteus vulgaris is only rarely the cause of multiple septic metastases. we describe multiple brain abscesses due to p. vulgaris in an immunocompetent patient successfully treated by antibiotic therapy and colonectomy.201020890628
[etiology and sensitivity of uropathogens identified in uncomplicated lower urinary tract infections in women (aresc study): implications on empiric therapy].to determine the etiology and susceptibility of uropathogens identified in women with uncomplicated lower urinary tract infections (uti).201120889171
detection and pfge analysis of esbl-producing isolates of proteus species isolated from patients at tehran hospitals.the production of extended-spectrum β-lactamases (esbls), in particular tem and ctx-m type, by the strains of proteus spp. is a contributing factor to the emergence of bacterial drug resistance. the aim of this study was to screen and determine of esbls genes among strains of proteus spp. at tehran hospitals.201020885345
resistance phenotype-genotype correlation and molecular epidemiology of citrobacter, enterobacter, proteus, providencia, salmonella and serratia that carry extended-spectrum β-lactamases with or without plasmid-mediated ampc β-lactamase genes in thailand.extended-spectrum β-lactamases (esbls) and plasmid-mediated ampc β-lactamases (pampcs) have been increasingly reported among less commonly encountered genera of enterobacteriaceae. however, little is known regarding the genetic characteristics of resistance genes and epidemiology of these genera. lack of accurate esbl and pampc detection may adversely affect therapeutic outcomes. this study investigated resistance phenotype-genotype correlation and molecular epidemiology among six genera of ente ...201020880563
isolation and characterization of bacteria from the gut of bombyx mori that degrade cellulose, xylan, pectin and starch and their impact on digestion.bombyx mori l. (lepidoptera: bombycidae) have been domesticated and widely used for silk production. it feeds on mulberry leaves. mulberry leaves are mainly composed of pectin, xylan, cellulose and starch. some of the digestive enzymes that degrade these carbohydrates might be produced by gut bacteria. eleven isolates were obtained from the digestive tract of b. mori, including the gram positive bacillus circulans and gram negative proteus vulgaris, klebsiella pneumoniae, escherichia coli, citro ...201020874394
light insensitive silver(i) cyanoximates as antimicrobial agents for indwelling medical devices.ten silver(i) cyanoximates of agl composition (l = nc-c(no)-r, where r is electron withdrawing groups: -cn, -c(o)nr(2), -c(o)r' (alkyl), -c(o)oet, 2-heteroaryl fragments such as 2-pyridyl, 2-benzimidazolyl, 2-benzoxazolyl, 2-benzthiazolyl) were synthesized and characterized using spectroscopic methods and x-ray analysis. crystal structures of four complexes were determined and revealed the formation of two-dimensional (2d) coordination polymers of different complexity in which anions exhibit bri ...201020873734
clinical and molecular epidemiology of extended-spectrum β-lactamase-producing escherichia coli and klebsiella pneumoniae in a long-term study from japan.the detection rates of extended-spectrum β-lactamase (esbl)-producing bacteria in japan are very low (∼5%) compared with those obtained worldwide. further, the current trend of these bacteria in japan is not known, and few studies with longitudinal observations have been reported. to obtain epidemiologic data on esbl-producing bacteria, their genotypic features, and their antibiotic resistance patterns in japan, we analyzed bacterial isolates from hospitalized patients at our institution over th ...201120859753
prevalence of bacteria and parasites in white ibis in egypt.a field survey was conducted to evaluate the prevalence of bacterial infections among free-living white ibis (nipponia nippon) in which 92 bacterial isolates were recovered from 193 different internal organs of 55 apparently healthy ibis. escherichia coli and salmonella spp. were isolated at rates of 43.6% and 14.5%, respectively. the other bacterial pathogens isolated were shigella spp. (34.5%), enterobacter spp. (21.8%) citrobacter spp. (18.1%), klebsiella pneumonia (16.3), staphylococcus aure ...201020857378
prevalence and resistance patterns of extended-spectrum and ampc β-lactamase in escherichia coli, klebsiella pneumoniae, proteus mirabilis, and salmonella serovar stanley in a korean tertiary hospital.a total of 100 clinical isolates of escherichia coli (n = 35), klebsiella pneumoniae (n = 63), proteus mirabilis (n = 1), and salmonella serovar stanley (n = 1), showing resistance to cefoxitin, or returning positive in extended-spectrum β-lactamase (esbl) by clinical and laboratory standards institute (clsi) esbl confirmatory method, were studied. the isolates were examined by the boronic acid (ba) disk test, polymerase chain reaction, and pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (pfge) to investigate ...201020854475
risk factors for hospital-acquired urinary tract infection: a case-control study.the objective is to assess risk factors and microbiological aspects of hospital-acquired urinary tract infection (hauti) on six wards of a general regional hospital in serbia. a case-control study was nested within prospective cohort hautis study conducted from january 1 to december 31, 2007. three controls were identified for each patient with hauti, being chronologically the next three patients surveyed who did not develop hauti. the patients and controls were matched by sex and age (±5 years) ...201120848199
high frequency of beta-lactam susceptibility in ctx-m-type extended-spectrum-beta-lactamase-producing klebsiella pneumoniae, escherichia coli and proteus mirabilis according to the new clsi recommendations. 201020846935
how a routine checking of escherichia coli in retailed food of animal origin can protect consumers against exposition to campylobacter spp. and listeria monocytogenes?according to the literature that has been published over the last two decades campylobacter spp i listeria monocitogens can be identified as causes of numerous diseases derived by consuming food of animal origin. the purpose of this paper was to find out how established national microbiological criteria of the republic of serbia on food safety in retailed food of animal origin could contribute to consumer's protection against exposition to foodborne pathogens such as campylobacter spp. and liste ...201020845664
recurrent urinary tract infections in women: diagnosis and management.recurrent urinary tract infections, presenting as dysuria or irritative voiding symptoms, are most commonly caused by reinfection with the original bacterial isolate in young, otherwise healthy women with no anatomic or functional abnormalities of the urinary tract. frequency of sexual intercourse is the strongest predictor of recurrent urinary tract infections in patients presenting with recurrent dysuria. in those who have comorbid conditions or other predisposing factors, recurrent complicate ...201020842992
antibiotic susceptibility pattern in urinary isolates of gram negative bacilli with special reference to ampc β-lactamase in a tertiary care hospital.resistance to higher antimicrobial agent is commonly seen in gram negative bacilli. this issue is a challenging problem to the medical practitioners in addition to it is financial impact on the health care system.201020842250
the in vitro antimicrobial activity of fruit and leaf crude extracts of momordica charantia: a tanzania medicinal plant.to evaluate the antimicrobial activity of momordica charantia extracts on reference strains and microorganisms isolated from clinical specimens.200920842240
preliminary phytochemical screening and antimicrobial studies of lantana indica roxb.the aim of the present study was to investigate the antimicrobial and preliminary phytochemical properties of lantana indica roxb. the aqueous and organic solvent (ethyl acetate and methanol) extracts from the leaves of lantana indica (verbenaceae) were tested against staphylococcus aureus, bacillus subtilis, steptococcus pyrogens, escherichia coli, proteus vulgaris, klebsiella pneumoniae, pseudomonas aeruginosa, salmonella typhi, aspergillus niger and candida albicans by agar well diffusion met ...201020838528
antibacterial activity of some medicinal mangroves against antibiotic resistant pathogenic bacteria.the antibacterial activity of the leaves and bark of mangrove plants, avicennia marina, a. officinalis, bruguiera sexangula, exoecaria agallocha, lumnitzera racemosa, and rhizophora apiculata was evaluated against antibiotic resistant pathogenic bacteria, staphylococcus aureus and proteus sp. soxhlet extracts of petroleum ether, ethyl acetate, ethanol and water were prepared and evaluated the antibacterial activity using agar diffusion method. most of the plant extracts showed promising antibact ...201020838519
screening of the constituents, antimicrobial and antioxidant activity of endemic origanum hypericifolium o. schwartz & p.h. davis.the chemical compositions, total phenol content, antioxidant and antimicrobial activities with oxidant status of the essential oil from an endemic turkish species, origanum hypericifolium, were investigated. steam distillation (sd) was used to isolate the essential oils, and the chemical analyses were performed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (gc-ms). the antimicrobial activity was tested by agar disc diffusion method against morganella morganii (clinic isolate), micrococcus flavus (clin ...201020835958
enterobacteriaceae act in concert with the gut microbiota to induce spontaneous and maternally transmitted colitis.disruption of homeostasis between the host immune system and the intestinal microbiota leads to inflammatory bowel disease (ibd). whether ibd is instigated by individual species or disruptions of entire microbial communities remains controversial. we characterized the fecal microbial communities in the recently described t-bet(-/-) ×rag2(-/-) ulcerative colitis (truc) model driven by t-bet deficiency in the innate immune system. 16s rrna-based analysis of truc and rag2(-/-) mice revealed distinc ...201020833380
decolorization and biodegradation of reactive blue 13 by proteus mirabilis lag.the decolorization and biodegradation of reactive blue 13 (rb13), a sulphonated reactive azo dye, was achieved under static anoxic condition with a bacterial strain identified as proteus mirabilis lag, which was isolated from a municipal dump site soil near lagos, nigeria. this strain decolorized rb13 (100mg/l) within 5h. the formation of aromatic amine prior to mineralization was supported by fourier transform infrared spectrometry (ftir), which revealed the disappearance of certain peaks, part ...201020832936
bacterial contamination of ram semen, antibiotic sensitivities, and effects on sperm quality during storage at 15°c.this study was designed to determine the degree and type of bacterial contamination of ejaculated semen samples in fertile rams and its consequences on sperm quality during storage. in experiment 1, 68 ejaculates from 36 rams were divided into two aliquots, one of which was used for bacterial culture, while the other one was diluted, stored at 15°c and assessed for plasma membrane integrity and motility at 0, 24 and 48h after dilution. from the 68 ejaculates, 66 were positive for aerobic bacteri ...201020832206
structural basis of na(+)-independent and cooperative substrate/product antiport in cait.transport of solutes across biological membranes is performed by specialized secondary transport proteins in the lipid bilayer, and is essential for life. here we report the structures of the sodium-independent carnitine/butyrobetaine antiporter cait from proteus mirabilis (pmcait) at 2.3-a and from escherichia coli (eccait) at 3.5-a resolution. cait belongs to the family of betaine/carnitine/choline transporters (bcct), which are mostly na(+) or h(+) dependent, whereas eccait is na(+) and h(+) ...201020829798
template-based modeling of a psychrophilic lipase: conformational changes, novel structural features and its application in predicting the enantioselectivity of lipase catalyzed transesterification of secondary alcohols.in order to fully explore the structure-function relationship of a proteus lipase (lipk107) that was screened from the soil in our previous study, we have modeled the three-dimensional (3-d) structures of the enzyme in its active and inactive conformations on the basis of crystal structures of burkholderia glumae and pseudomonas aeruginosa lipases in the present study. both homology models suggested that lipk107 possessed a catalytic triad (ser79-asp232-h254), an oxyanion hole (leu13 and gln80) ...201020828637
[epidemiology of urinary tract infection in children in marrakech].by its incidence, the polymorphism of its clinical presentation, its potential gravity, the difficulty of realization of urine culture in children, the frequency of the subjacent urologic abnormalities, the urinary tract infection (uti) is an important problem in paediatrics. this work relates to a retrospective study carrying 121 episodes of uti in 111 children taken care in paediatrics services of the teaching hospital mohammed vi in marrakech between march 2005 and march 2009. the age of our ...201020826328
prevalence of microorganisms of hygienic interest in an organized abattoir in mumbai, india.the magnitude of food-borne illnesses in india is unknown because of lack of surveillance networks. monitoring the prevalence of food-borne pathogens and indicators of contamination in primary production at abattoirs is imperative for creating a data bank and for effective control of such pathogens before they enter the food chain.201020818094
mucinous cystadenoma of ovary in a patient with juvenile polyposis due to 10q23 microdeletion: expansion of phenotype.juvenile polyposis syndrome (jps) is a hereditary condition characterized by development of gastrointestinal polyps, and caused by mutations in smad4 or bmpr1a genes. juvenile polyps can also be found in a related group of syndromes with multisystemic involvement including cowden disease, lhermitte-duclos disease, bannayan-riley-ruvalcaba syndrome, and proteus-like syndrome, all grouped as pten hamartoma tumor syndromes (phts). in all these conditions including jps, polyps manifest in older chil ...201020815035
synthesis and spectrum of the neoglycoside achn-490.achn-490 is a neoglycoside, or "next-generation" aminoglycoside (ag), that has been identified as a potentially useful agent to combat drug-resistant bacteria emerging in hospitals and health care facilities around the world. a focused medicinal chemistry campaign produced a collection of over 400 sisomicin analogs from which achn-490 was selected. we tested achn-490 against two panels of gram-negative and gram-positive pathogens, many of which harbored ag resistance mechanisms. unlike legacy ag ...201020805391
adhesion, invasion, and agglutination mediated by two trimeric autotransporters in the human uropathogen proteus mirabilis.fimbriae of the human uropathogen proteus mirabilis are the only characterized surface proteins that contribute to its virulence by mediating adhesion and invasion of the uroepithelia. pmi2122 (aipa) and pmi2575 (taap) are annotated in the genome of strain hi4320 as trimeric autotransporters with "adhesin-like" and "agglutinating adhesin-like" properties, respectively. the c-terminal 62 amino acids (aa) in aipa and 76 aa in taap are homologous to the translocator domains of yada from yersinia en ...201020805336
cajanol inhibits the growth of escherichia coli and staphylococcus aureus by acting on membrane and dna damage.in the present study, the mechanism of antibacterial activity of cajanol extracted from the roots of cajanus cajan (l.) millsp. towards escherichia coli (e. coli) and staphylococcus aureus (s. aureus) was investigated. the antibacterial activity of cajanol was evaluated towards six bacterial strains (staphylococcus epidermidis, staphylococcus aureus, bacillus subtilis, escherichia coli, proteus vulgaris, and pseudomonas aeruginosa) by the broth microdilution method. it showed strong antibacteria ...201120803417
[immunovac-vp4 vaccine used in complex allergen-specific immunotherapy of patients with hay fever].assessment of clinical and immunological effects of use of bacterial therapeutic polycomponent vaccine immunovac-vp4 for allergen-specific immunotherapy (asit) of hay fever.201020799399
suprathel-acetic acid matrix versus acticoat and aquacel as an antiseptic dressing: an in vitro study.the treatment of burn wounds is still a challenge regarding the management of antiseptic wound conditioning. especially, in the united states, silver-containing dressings, such as acticoat and aquacel are frequently used. because silver-containing dressings have well-known drawbacks such as an antimicrobial lack against pseudomonas aeruginosa, we sought to develop an alternative dressing method. in previous studies, we could demonstrate the excellent antiseptic properties of acetic acid against ...201020798627
purple urine bag syndrome. 201020798099
successful treatment of a case of proteus septicaemia. 196220789534
proteus vulgaris septicaemia treated with penicillin. 194620786773
gastro-enteritis associated with proteus vulgaris. 193720780637
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