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evaluation of antimicrobial activity of the stem bark of cylicodiscus gabunensis (mimosaceae).ethyl acetate (ea) extract of the stem bark of cylicodiscus gabunensis (cg) was analysed phytochemically and evaluated for its antimicrobial activity against 17 pathogenic species isolated from patient: escherichia coli, klebsiella pneumoniae, shigella dysenteriae, shigella flexneri, morganella morganii, proteus vulgaris, proteus mirabilis, salmonella typhi, citrobacter freundii, enterobacter cloacae, enterobacter agglomerans, staphylococcus aureus, streptococcus feacalis, pseudomonas aeruginosa ...200620162076
the therapeutic alliance--a proteus in disguise.the therapeutic alliance is a vital component of not only the psychoanalytic relation but of all therapeutic encounters between psychotherapist and patient. despite the universal application and realization of the alliance concept in therapeutic endeavors, it is often ignored as an operative concept in the therapeutic theoretical armamentarium or is formulated in alternative terms. it also comes into play implicitly, even when the concept is formally dismissed as irrelevant. this discussion addr ...200622122095
intra-pericardial rupture of bacterial hepatic abscess: an unusual cause of 'cardiac' chest pain.we report a rare case of bacterial pericarditis secondary to rupture of liver abscess into the pericardium. the patient presented with cardiac-sounding chest pain and with normal ecg, cxr and troponin-i assay. the initial echocardiogram showed minimal pericardial fluid but, when he later developed overt clinical signs of cardiac tamponade, a ct scan of chest and abdomen revealed a pronounced pericardial effusion. it also revealed an abscess located in the left lobe of liver and this had apparent ...200621611623
[epidemiology and etiology of urinary tract infections in the community. antimicrobial susceptibility of the main pathogens and clinical significance of resistance].urinary tract infections (uti) are a frequent problem in primary care. they occur mainly in women without underlying diseases and with no functional or structural anomalies of the urinary tract; consequently most cases are considered uncomplicated uti. etiology is influenced by factors such as age, diabetes, spinal cord injury, urinary catheterization, and other factors. escherichia coli causes 80-85% of acute episodes of uncomplicated cystitis. staphylococcus saprophyticus, proteus mirabilis, s ...200516854352
[evaluation of the antimicrobial potential of immune sera].the inhibiting activity of blood sera obtained from 20 volunteers immunized with the multi-component vaccine "pyopol", 25 nonimmune donors and 7 lots of human antistaphylococcal immunoglobulin with respect to staphylococcus aureus, escherichia coli, proteus vulgaris and pseudomonas aeruginosa has been studied in the liquid nutrient medium with the use an automated microbiological analyzer. the sera of donors immunized with the vaccine "pyopol" have been found to possess high antimicrobial activi ...200516438372
misdiagnosis of neurofibromatosis type 1 as proteus syndrome. 200516462730
acute uncomplicated lower urinary tract infections in general practice: clinical and microbiological cure rates after three- versus five-day treatment with trimethoprim.epidemiological studies indicate that acute uncomplicated urinary tract infections (uti) in women can be successfully treated with short treatment regimens. however, the findings from the literature do not match experiences in daily practice.200516392777
capillary activity of surgical sutures and suture-dependent bacterial transport: a qualitative study.to evaluate the multitude of new synthetic absorbable sutures (both monofilament and multifilament) in comparison with older materials with regard to capillarity and bacterial transport.200516433602
proteus syndrome with giant myelolipoma in the pelvis.proteus syndrome is a very rare and complex disorder with malformations and overgrowth of multiple tissues. this disorder was designated proteus syndrome by wiedemann et al. to denote its variable clinical expression. our patient presented with macrodactyly, cerebriform appearance and a huge abdominal mass. a biopsy under laparotomy was performed, and histopathological examination revealed myelolipoma. tumor resection was performed. to our knowledge, no case of proteus syndrome presenting a myel ...200516351661
pharmacodynamic modeling of imipenem-cilastatin, meropenem, and piperacillin-tazobactam for empiric therapy of skin and soft tissue infections: a report from the optama program.the bactericidal exposures necessary for positive clinical outcomes among skin and soft tissue infections are largely dependent on interpatient pharmacokinetic variability and pathogen drug susceptibility. by simulating the probability of achieving target bactericidal exposures, the pharmacodynamics of three beta-lactam agents were compared against a range of pathogens implicated commonly in complicated skin and soft tissue infections.200516433606
antimicrobial activity of flavonoids from pelargonium radula (cav.) l'hérit.flavonoids from pelargonium radula (cav.) l'hérit were purified by column chromatography. two fractions were obtained: f1 (main flavonoid isoquercitrin) and f2 (main flavonoid rutin). in vitro antimicrobial activity of f1 and f2 were tested against eleven species of bacteria and eleven species of fungi. both fractions demonstrated strong inhibitory activity against staphylococcus aureus, proteus rettgeri, candida tropicalis and microsporum gypseum. staphylococcus sp. (coagulase-negative) and can ...200516375833
mechanical transmission of pathogenic organisms: the role of cockroaches.cockroaches (diploptera punctata) are basically tropical insects and will do their best to find a home that is both warm and moist. their involvement in the transmission of tropical diseases is poorly investigated in africa.200516457381
aerobic heterotrophic bacterial diversity in sediments of rajakkamangalam estuary, south west coast of india.the abundance of aerobic heterotrophic bacterial population in the sediment sample of six experimental stations (s1 to s6) at rajakkamangalam estuary was studied for a period of one year from march, 1998 to february, 1999. the important bacterial genera encountered were pseudomonas, bacillus, vibrio, escherichia, micrococcus, enterobacter, salmonella, aeromonas, shigella, klebsiella, proteus, alkaligenes, staphylococcus, citrobacter and flavobacterium. the bacterial population based on numerical ...200516459565
determination of the antimicrobial properties of oligo-2-hydroxy-1-naphthaldehyde.oligo-2-hydroxy-1-naphthaldehyde (ohna) was synthesized by oxidative polycondensation using h2o2 (35%, aqueous solution), air o2 and naocl (34%, aqueous solution) by kaya and senol and the products were characterized by spectral techniques. antimicrobial activities of the first and second fractions of ohna were tested against corynobacterium xerosis ccm 2824, proteus vulgaris atcc 6897, staphylococcus epidermidis nrrl b-4877, s. aureus atcc 6538, enterobacter aerogenes atcc 13048, salmonella thy ...200516355978
detection and identification of intestinal pathogenic bacteria by hybridization to oligonucleotide microarrays.to detect the common intestinal pathogenic bacteria quickly and accurately.200516437687
in vitro activities of tigecycline, ertapenem, isepamicin, and other antimicrobial agents against clinically isolated organisms in taiwan.this study evaluated the in vitro activities of tigecycline, ertapenem, isepamicin, and other comparators against 861 bacterial isolates recovered from patients treated in three major teaching hospitals in 2003. mics to antimicrobial agents were determined by the agar dilution method. high rates of oxacillin resistance (58%) in staphylococcus aureus (60 isolates), and vancomycin resistance (21%) and quinupristin-dalfopristin non-susceptibility (39%) in enterococcus faecium (34 isolates) were fou ...200516359192
ctx-m-1 extended-spectrum beta-lactamase-producing proteus mirabilis in greece.to examine the dissemination of ctx-m-type extended-spectrum beta-lactamases (esbls) in clinical isolates of proteus mirabilis, 91 nonrepetitive esbl-producing p. mirabilis were collected from infected patients in a tertiary greek hospital during september, 2001, to may, 2004. a bla (ctx-m) gene was amplified in one isolate (strain a328), but bla (ctx-m) was not detected in any of the remaining esbl producers. sequencing results showed that p. mirabilis a328 produced a ctx-m-1 enzyme while pcr m ...200516359194
neurocutaneous syndromes and epilepsy-issues in diagnosis and management.epilepsy may be seen as a feature of many of the neurocutaneous syndromes. the challenge lies within the diagnosis of the specific disorder and ultimately control of the epilepsy. tuberous sclerosis is the most common of the disorders with a frequency of 4.9/100,000. an autosomal-dominant condition, diagnostic features may be unclear under 2 years of age. population studies suggest a prevalence of epilepsy of 78%, the majority presenting under the age of 12 months, with a high association betwee ...200516359466
proteus syndrome.proteus syndrome is a variable and complex disorder characterized by multifocal overgrowths affecting any tissue or structure of the body. we present a girl aged 3 years and 8 months with an epidermal nevus, port-wine stain, macrodactyly with gigantism of the feet, lymphohemagiomas and multiple lipomas.200516394465
serological classification and epitope specificity of proteus penneri s29 lipopolysaccharide.gram-negative bacteria of genus proteus are common human intestinal and urinary tract pathogens. in the genus proteus there are four clinically important named species: p. mirabilis, p. vulgaris, p. penneri, and p. hauseri, and three unnamed proteus genomospecies: 4, 5, and 6. the clinical significance of p. penneri, described in 1982 as a new species, is poorly documented. the aim of this work is serological characterization and classification of a ceftriaxone-susceptible p. penneri s29 strain ...200516407787
erythromycin synergism with essential and trace elements.in order to establish the role of various essential and trace element complexation on the antibacterial activity of various macrolide antibiotics, the synergistic or antagonistic behavior of erythromycin metal complexes have been studied and compared with the parent drug. metal complexes of erythromycin with magnesium, calcium, chromium, manganese, iron, cobalt, nickel, copper, zinc and cadmium have been investigated for their antibacterial activity and compared with erythromycin by observing th ...200516431396
assessment of antibacterial activity of some topical otological solutions.otological solutions have long been used in the treatment of the bacterial and fungal infections of the ear. we investigated antibacterial activity of some otic solutions against the most common bacteria isolated from discharging ears.200516340276
[effect of the proteolytic enzymes of bacillus licheniformis and the lysoamidase of lysobacter sp. xl1 on proteus vulgaris and proteus mirabilis].preparations of culture liquid of three bacullus licheniformis strains (s, 103, and 60.4) and the enzymatic preparation lysoamidase from culture liquid of lysobacter sp. strain xl1 actively lysed preliminarily autoclaved cells of gram-negative bacteria proteus vulgaris and p. mirabilis. living proteus cells treated with these enzymatic preparations were lysed during their subsequent autoclaving. inoculation of enzyme-treated proteus cells, taken either separately or in combination with one anoth ...200516240656
unilateral proteus syndrome.proteus syndrome is a complex developmental abnormality. it is characterized by both hypertrophic and hypoplastic changes. deformities have been occasionally found to be localized in one half of the body in head or digit but presence of all signs in one half of the body in a wide spread manner is not reported in the literature. we report the case for its unusual presentation of unilateral localization of signs.200516394389
hsp60 expression during carcinogenesis: a molecular "proteus" of carcinogenesis? 200516333979
comparative antimicrobial potency of meropenem tested against gram-negative bacilli: report from the mystic surveillance program in the united states (2004).the meropenem yearly susceptibility test information collection (mystic) program is a longitudinal resistance surveillance network of more than 100 medical centers worldwide monitoring the susceptibility of bacterial pathogens to carbapenems and other broad-spectrum agents. in 2004 (year six), the antimicrobial activity of 12 broad-spectrum agents was assessed against 2,799 gram-negative bacterial isolates submitted from 15 united states (usa) medical centers using clinical and laboratory standa ...200516323433
case analysis of purple urine-bag syndrome at a long-term care service in a community hospital.purple urine-bag syndrome (pubs) is a rare phenomenon in which the contents of urine bags turn purple or blue following patient catheterization. the condition often causes care givers tremendous distress. we investigated the prevalence and possible causes of pubs for a group of elderly patients.200516323555
differential activity of a lectin from solieria filiformis against human pathogenic bacteria.a lectin isolated from the red alga solieria filiformis was evaluated for its effect on the growth of 8 gram-negative and 3 gram-positive bacteria cultivated in liquid medium (three independent experiments/bacterium). the lectin (500 microg/ml) stimulated the growth of the gram-positive species bacillus cereus and inhibited the growth of the gram-negative species serratia marcescens, salmonella typhi, klebsiella pneumoniae, enterobacter aerogenes, proteus sp, and pseudomonas aeruginosa at 1000 m ...200516302091
phylogeny of the enterobacteriaceae based on genes encoding elongation factor tu and f-atpase beta-subunit.the phylogeny of enterobacterial species commonly found in clinical samples was analysed by comparing partial sequences of their elongation factor tu gene (tuf) and of their f-atpase beta-subunit gene (atpd). an 884 bp fragment for tuf and an 884 or 871 bp fragment for atpd were sequenced for 96 strains representing 78 species from 31 enterobacterial genera. the atpd sequence analysis exhibited an indel specific to pantoea and tatumella species, showing, for the first time, a tight phylogenetic ...200516166704
extended spectrum beta-lactamase-producing klebsiella pneumoniae chronic ambulatory peritoneal dialysis peritonitis treated successfully with polymyxin b.peritonitis is not an infrequent complication of inpatients with chronic ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (capd). capd peritonitis may be related to the catheter or secondary to perforation of an intra-abdominal viscus. the most common organisms usually associated with capd peritonitis are staphylococcus aureus and staphylococcus epidermidis (coagulase-negative staphylococci). rarely, aerobic gram-negative bacilli have been the causative agents of capd peritonitis. the treatment of capd peritoniti ...200516157192
[dercum's disease: a case report].a case of dercum's disease in a 51-year-old obese woman with a history of brain vasculitis, and painful subcutaneous multiple lipomas is described. this disease, included in the category of rare diseases by the world health organization, first described in 1892 by francis xavier dercum, is characterized by its prevalence among women, its familiarity, by the presence of multiple painful subcutaneous lipomas and its association with obesity, hypercholesterolemia and asthenia. the disease has to be ...200516250185
microbiology of dacryocystitis among adults population in southern australia.retrospective study on microbiology of dacryocystitis cases in adults was carried out at the royal victorian eye and ear hospital (rveeh). sixty-four consecutive cases seen between march 2000 and june 2003 were included. seventy-nine organisms were isolated from the sixty-six samples (1.2/specimen). aerobic or facultative bacteria were recovered in 76 (96.2), fungi from two specimens (2.5%). and anaerobic bacteria from only one specimen (1.3%). staphylococcus aureus (27), was most common followe ...200516295714
n,n-dichlorotaurine: chemical and bactericidal properties.the biogenous antimicrobial agent n-chlorotaurine (nct) converts by disproportionation to n,n-dichlorotaurine (ndct) at a rate proportional to acidity. this occurs at appreciable amounts already in weakly acidic biological systems. to understand the consequences of ndct formation, a thorough investigation of this undescribed compound was mandatory, which needed its synthesis. differently from nct, this was possible in the aqueous system using trichloroisocyanuric acid. while the free acid, cl(2) ...200516211659
increase of faecal bifidobacteria due to dietary oligosaccharides induces a reduction of clinically relevant pathogen germs in the faeces of formula-fed preterm infants.in a previous study on formula-fed preterm infants, we were able to demonstrate that dietary oligosaccharides (a mixture of 90% galacto-oligosaccharides and 10% fructo-oligosaccharides in a concentration of 1 g/dl) stimulate the growth of faecal bifidobacteria. in the present explorative analysis of this study, we focus on the effect of the dominance of bifidobacteria on the presence of clinically relevant pathogens (staphylococcus aureus, staphylococcus epidermidis, staphylococcus haemolyticus, ...200516214763
[prevalence and risk factors for bacteriuria in patients with cirrhosis].bacterial infections occur frequently in patients with cirrhosis and may worsen the disease outcome. we investigated the prevalence of bacteriuria in 500 consecutive patients with cirrhosis, in different child-pugh stages (41.4% a; 40.8% b; 17% c) and analysed the associated risk factors. most of the cirrhosis cases were virus related; alcohol abuse was recorded in 6.2% of the patients. bacteriuria was detected in 139 (27.8%) cases: 32.4% were more than 100,000 cfu/ml; 7.9% between 100,000 and 1 ...200516220030
plasma and urinary adrenomedullin levels in children with acute pyelonephritis.adrenomedullin (am), a novel peptide recently isolated from pheochromocytoma, eliciting vasorelaxing activity, is the strongest among all known peptides. am has been detected in the adrenal medulla, cardiac tissue, lung and kidney. immunohistochemical studies have demonstrated the localization of am in glomeruli, tubules and collecting cells of the kidney. clinically, plasma and urinary am levels are altered in patients with different renal disease. the present study aims to determine plasma and ...200516221100
in-vitro antibacterial and cytotoxic activity of cobalt (ii), copper (ii), nickel (ii) and zinc (ii) complexes of the antibiotic drug cephalothin (keflin).keflin (kefl) interacts with co(ii), cu(ii), ni(ii) and zn(ii) metal ions leading to complexes of the type m(kefl)2cl2 and m(kefl)cl2, which have been characterized by physicochemical and spectroscopic methods. magnetic moment, ir, electronic spectral and elemental analyses data suggest that keflin behaves tridentately forming octahedral or trigonal bipyramidal complexes with the metal ions mentioned above. the new compounds have been screened in-vitro for antibacterial and cytotoxic activity ag ...200516335054
paraparesis caused by an angiolipomatous hamartoma in an adolescent with proteus syndrome and scoliosis.this 16-year-old boy with proteus syndrome suffered acute spinal cord compression secondary to hemorrhage into an extradural paraspinal angiolipomatous hamartoma. a magnetic resonance (mr) imaging study performed 12 years earlier had revealed the presence of this tumor at the apex of a mild thoracic scoliosis, which had been stable during the intervening decade. spinal cord neurological deficit in proteus syndrome is rare. it can arise either from vertebral abnormalities and kyphoscoliotic defor ...200516238085
structures of the o-polysaccharides and classification of proteus genomospecies 4, 5 and 6 into respective proteus serogroups.an acidic branched o-polysaccharide was isolated by mild acid degradation of the lipopolysaccharide (lps) of proteus genomospecies 4 and studied by sugar and methylation analyses along with 1h and 13c nmr spectroscopy, including 2d cosy, tocsy, roesy and h-detected 1h, 13c hsqc experiments. the following structure of the pentasaccharide repeating unit of the o-polysaccharide was established, which is unique among proteus polysaccharide structures: [structure: see text] where qui3nac stands for 3 ...200516262693
regional variation in the prevalence of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase-producing clinical isolates in the asia-pacific region (sentry 1998-2002).we examined the prevalence of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (esbl)-producing strains of klebsiella pneumoniae, klebsiella oxytoca, escherichia coli, proteus mirabilis, citrobacter koseri, and salmonella spp. that were isolated as part of the sentry asia-pacific surveillance program between 1998 and 2002. during the study period, a total of 6,388 strains were gathered from 17 medical centers in 7 countries and examined for esbl production and hyperproduction of k. oxytoca chromosomal k1 beta-l ...200516165001
the ability of proteus mirabilis to sense surfaces and regulate virulence gene expression involves flil, a flagellar basal body protein.proteus mirabilis is a urinary tract pathogen that differentiates from a short swimmer cell to an elongated, highly flagellated swarmer cell. swarmer cell differentiation parallels an increased expression of several virulence factors, suggesting that both processes are controlled by the same signal. the molecular nature of this signal is not known but is hypothesized to involve the inhibition of flagellar rotation. in this study, data are presented supporting the idea that conditions inhibiting ...200516166542
characterization and biological activities of two copper(ii) complexes with diethylenetriamine and 2,2'-bipyridine or 1,10-phenanthroline as ligands.two new mixed ligand copper(ii) complexes with diethylenetriamine, 2,2'-bipyridine and 1,10-phenanthroline have been synthesized. the crystal and molecular structures of [cu(dien)(phen)](clo(4))(2) and [cu(dien)(bipy)](bf(4))(2) (dien=diethylenetriamine, phen=1,10-phenanthroline, bipy=2,2'-bipyridine) were determined by x-ray crystallography from single crystal data. these two complexes have similar structures. the epr spectral data also suggest that these complexes have distorted square pyramid ...200516257723
the incorporation of glucosamine into enterobacterial core lipopolysaccharide: two enzymatic steps are required.the core lipopolysaccharide (lps) of klebsiella pneumoniae is characterized by the presence of disaccharide alphaglcn-(1,4)-alphagala attached by an alpha1,3 linkage to l-glycero-d-manno-heptopyranose ii (ld-heppii). previously it has been shown that the wabh enzyme catalyzes the incorporation of glcnac from udp-glcnac to outer core lps. the presence of glcnac instead of glcn and the lack of udp-glcn in bacteria indicate that an additional enzymatic step is required. in this work we identified a ...200516131489
bacterial flora of the low male genital tract in patients consulting for infertility.the physiological aerobic bacterial flora of the low male genital tract was determined. this prospective study was performed on 600 semen specimens collected from 543 asymptomatic males consulting for infertility. semen cultures were sterile in 28.8%, with a polymicrobial flora and/or absence or low titres of ureaplasma urealyticum in 49.3%, and with one or two aerobic and facultative bacteria > or =1 x 10(3) cfu ml(-1) and/or u. urealyticum with titres > or =10(4) ccu ml(-1) (colour changing un ...200516266393
outcome of bacterial culture from mastoid granulations: is it relevant in chronic ear disease?to detect the presence of bacteria in mastoid granulations and compare its prevalence in both types of chronic suppurative otitis media (csom). to find out if stage of disease activity, age, duration of disease, and aditus patency relate to obtaining positive cultures.200516259653
identification and antimicrobial susceptibility of micro-organisms recovered from cutaneous lesions of human american tegumentary leishmaniasis in minas gerais, brazil.an evaluation of the microbiota present in cutaneous ulcers from 31 patients with a clinical and parasitological diagnosis of american tegumentary leishmaniasis (atl) was carried out by the standard filter paper disc technique, including antimicrobial susceptibility of the bacterial isolates. microbial examination indicated that 21 patients (67.7%) were contaminated with one to four bacteria and some of them also with yeast. a total of 142 micro-organisms were isolated. staphylococcus aureus was ...200516192439
antimicrobial activity of some medicinal plants from india.the results of a preliminary antimicrobial screening of the methanol extracts of zingiber officinale, asteracantha longifolia, citrus acida, salacia microsperma and tinospora cordifolia are reported.200516229969
relationships between antimicrobial use and antimicrobial resistance in gram-negative bacteria causing nosocomial infections from 1991-2003 at a university hospital in taiwan.this study was conducted to evaluate the relationship between antimicrobial resistance and antimicrobial use in a university hospital in taiwan. disk susceptibility data of escherichia coli, klebsiella pneumoniae, enterobacter cloacae, serratia marcescens, proteus spp., pseudomonas aeruginosa, acinetobacter spp., stenotrophomonas maltophilia and other non-fermentative gram-negative bacilli causing nosocomial infections were evaluated. data on annual patient-days and annual consumption (defined d ...200516280243
lunatusin, a trypsin-stable antimicrobial peptide from lima beans (phaseolus lunatus l.).an anti-fungal peptide designated as lunatusin, with a molecular mass around 7kda, was purified from the seeds of chinese lima bean (phaseolus lunatus l.). the peptide was isolated using a simple protocol consisting of affinity chromatography on affi-gel blue gel and gel filtration on superdex 75. lunatusin exerted an anti-fungal activity toward fungal species such as fusarium oxysporum, mycosphaerella arachidicola and botrytis cinerea, and an antibacterial action on, bacillus megaterium, bacill ...200516269344
purple urine bag syndrome in a hemodialysis patient.purple urine bag syndrome (pubs) is an uncommon disorder, in which the plastic disposable urinary catheter bag turns purple or blue following hours or days of urinary catheterization. the purple discoloration results from indirubin dissolved in the plastic mixing with indigo in the urine. bacteria possessing indoxyl sulfatase degrade indoxyl sulfate into indirubin and indigo. indoxyl sulfate is derived from the metabolism of tryptophan. pubs usually occurs in chronic catheterized elderly women w ...200516157987
gram-negative bacterial resistance to cephalosporins in community-acquired infections in turkey.cephalosporins are widely used and trustworthy antibiotics in daily medical practice. although antibacterial resistance has been reported in hospital wards, there are less data for community-acquired infections. in this study we investigated the cephalosporin susceptibility profiles of community-acquired gram-negative bacteria isolates in sivas kizilay medical center (turkey) between march 2002 and march 2003. in our study, 949 escherichia coli, 165 proteus spp., 97 enterobacter spp., 24 klebsie ...200515828445
analysis of antibiotic susceptibility and resistance of leg ulcer bacterial flora in patients hospitalized at dermatology department, poznań university hospital.effective treatment of frequently infected, poorly healing wounds such as leg ulcers due to chronic venous insufficiency poses a major clinical problem. antibiotic resistance in dermatology patients, especially those with non-healing leg ulcers, is a widespread phenomenon. various antibiotics, mainly broad-spectrum agents, are frequently and sometimes inappropriately prescribed, which often leads to the selection of antibiotic-resistant bacteria strains. the aim of this study was to analyze anti ...200516146620
extended spectrum beta-lactamases among gram-negative bacteria of nosocomial origin from an intensive care unit of a tertiary health facility in tanzania.resistance to third generation cephalosporins due to acquisition and expression of extended spectrum beta-lactamase (esbl) enzymes among gram-negative bacteria is on the increase. presence of esbl producing organisms has been reported to significantly affect the course and outcome of an infection. therefore infections due to esbl isolates continue to pose a challenge to infection management worldwide. the aim of this study was to determine the existence and to describe phenotypic and genotypic c ...200516225701
[the effect of selective bowel decontamination and mechanical bowel preparation on bacterial translocation due to intraabdominal hypertension].the objective of our study is to evaluate the preventive effects of selective digestive decontamination (sdd) and mechanical bowel preparation in rats with experimentally induced bacterial translocation.200516100664
predictive modelling of growth and measurement of enzymatic synthesis and activity by a cocktail of selected enterobacteriaceae and aeromonas hydrophila.the possibility was examined of developing a predictive model that would predict food spoilage by combining microbial growth (increase in cellular number) with extracellular enzymatic activity of a cocktail of five strains of enterobacteriaceae: escherichia coli, enterobacter agglomerans, klebsiella oxytoca, klebsiella pneumoniae and proteus vulgaris and one aeromonas hydrophila strain. estimations of growth and enzyme activity were made within a three-dimensional matrix of conditions: temperatu ...200516154655
antibiotic resistance in outpatient urinary isolates: final results from the north american urinary tract infection collaborative alliance (nautica).the goal of the north american urinary tract infection collaborative alliance (nautica) study was to determine antibiotic susceptibility to commonly used agents for urinary tract infections against outpatient urinary isolates obtained in various geographic regions in the usa and canada. forty-one medical centres (30 from the usa and 11 from canada) participated, with each centre submitting up to 50 consecutive outpatient midstream urine isolates. isolates were identified to species level by the ...200516243229
hemihyperplasia with ehlers-danlos syndrome like skin changes.hemihyperplasia is a condition characterized by asymmetric overgrowth of one or more body parts. it may be an isolated finding or may be associated with various syndromes like beckwith-weidemann syndrome, klippel-trenaunay-weber syndrome, proteus syndrome etc. pigmentary skin lesions and capillary malformations are commonly seen in cases of hemihyperplasia. we report a case of hemihyperplasia with associated skin hyperextensibility, varicose veins, skin fragility, easy bruising and papery scars, ...200516155424
anti-bacterial activity of euphorbia fusiformis--a rare medicinal herb.euphorbia fusiformis buch.-ham. ex. d.don (euphorbiaceae) is a rare medicinal herb. aqueous and organic solvent extracts of the leaves and rootstocks were investigated for anti-bacterial properties by using disc diffusion and well-in agar methods, against pathogenic strains of gram positive (bacillus subtilis and staphylococcus aureus) and gram negative bacteria (escherichia coli, klebsiella pneumoniae, proteus vulgaris, pseudomonas aeruginosa, salmonella typhii a and salmonella typhii b). the d ...200516159702
surveillance of extended-spectrum beta-lactamases from clinical samples and faecal carriers in barcelona, spain.the aim of the present study was to characterize and compare the extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (esbl)-producing organisms isolated from clinical samples and faecal carriers in 2001 and 2002.200516244084
[surveillance of susceptibility of clinical isolates to cefmetazole between 2000 and 2003].for the post-marketing surveillance of cefmetazole (cmz, cefmetazon), mics of injectable beta-lactam antibacterials including cmz against clinical isolates from 15 medical institutions all over japan are measured yearly and the incidence rates of resistance in various species are also evaluated. in the first surveillance from june 2000 to march 2001, 574 isolates of 13 species were tested, 548 isolates of the same 13 species were tested in the second surveillance from april 2001 to march 2002, a ...200516161756
genotyping of urinary and fecal proteus mirabilis isolates from individuals with long-term urinary catheters. 200516167137
granulomatous inflammation of salt glands in ducklings (anas platyrhynchos) associated with intralesional gram-negative bacteria.the "nasal glands" occur in many bird species and are powerful sodium ion-excretory organs. in ducks, they are located in supraorbital bony recesses. granulomatous inflammation of these glands occurs with an incidence of approximately 1% in ducklings (anas platyrhynchos), and is not associated with specific clinical symptoms. we investigated nine glands of eight animals with granulomas by gross pathology and histopathology, and compared results of bacteriology with 20 non-lesioned nasal glands. ...200516191707
multiple origins and incursions of the atlantic barnacle chthamalus proteus in the pacific.chthamalus proteus, a barnacle native to the caribbean and western atlantic, was introduced to the pacific within the last few decades. using direct sequencing of mitochondrial dna (coi), we characterized genetic variation in native and introduced populations and searched for genetic matches between regions to determine if there were multiple geographical sources and introduction points for this barnacle. in the native range, we found great genetic differences among populations (max. f(st) = 0.6 ...200516202091
[necrotizing fasciitis of the perineum secondary to a surgical treatment of bartholin's gland abscess].necrotizing fasciitis of the perineum is a rare but of fast evolution, and potentially fatal infectious disease process. it is characterized by progressive inflammation and extensive necrosis of subcutaneous tissue involving the fascia and other adjacent tissues. this infection may be idiopathic or secondary to local trauma or pelvic surgery. its mortality rate is 20%. we report a case of necrotzing fasciitis of the perineum in a 34-year-old woman following incision and drainage of bartholin's g ...200516243570
influence of human ascitic fluid on the in vitro antibacterial activity of moxifloxacin.we investigated the in vitro influence of haf on the antibacterial activity of moxifloxacin against escherichia coli atcc 10798, escherichia coli k-12, proteus rettgeri (sanelli), staphylococcus aureus atcc 25923, staphylococcus aureus nctc 1808 and staphylococcus epidermidis atcc 12228. human ascitic fluid was obtained from 6 cirrhotic patients by paracentesis. the interaction effect was evaluated by the checkerboard technique. our results indicate the ability of human ascitic fluid to reduce m ...200516167519
bacteriology of surgical wound infections in a tertiary care hospital in turkey.to determine the spectrum of the pathogens cultured from surgical wound infections and assess their antimicrobial drug resistances.200516167704
resolving deep phylogenetic relationships in salamanders: analyses of mitochondrial and nuclear genomic data.phylogenetic relationships among salamander families illustrate analytical challenges inherent to inferring phylogenies in which terminal branches are temporally very long relative to internal branches. we present new mitochondrial dna sequences, approximately 2,100 base pairs from the genes encoding nd1, nd2, coi, and the intervening trna genes for 34 species representing all 10 salamander families, to examine these relationships. parsimony analysis of these mtdna sequences supports monophyly o ...200516243763
bacterial infections--the cause of preterm delivery.within diagnostic procedures protocols in preterm delivery, the objective of the study was to examine bacterial causes of preterm deliveries in relation to term deliveries. the study included 106 patients delivered before term (24 to 37 weeks of gestation) and 126 patients with term delivery after 37 to 42 weeks of gestation. bacterial analysis included hospital material: cervix smear in patients before the delivery and protective and functional fetal elements.200515864934
childhood parapneumonic pleural effusion in enugu.to review the epidemiological pattern and clinical features, management and outcome of childhood parapneumonic pleural effusion in enugu.200515827593
structure of the o-polysaccharide of proteus mirabilis oc (ccug 10702) from a new proposed proteus serogroup o75.a neutral o-polysaccharide was obtained by mild acid degradation of the lipopolysaccharide of proteus mirabilis oc (ccug 10702) and studied by sugar and methylation analyses and (1)h and (13)c nmr spectroscopy. the following structure of the tetrasaccharide repeating unit of the polysaccharide was established: [structure: see text]. based on the unique structure of the o-polysaccharide and serological data, we propose classifying p. mirabilis oc (ccug 10702) into a new separate proteus serogroup ...200515979596
vulgarinin, a broad-spectrum antifungal peptide from haricot beans (phaseolus vulgaris).from the seeds of haricot beans (phaseolus vulgaris), an antifungal peptide with a molecular mass around 7 kda was purified by using a simple protocol consisting of affinity chromatography on affi-gel blue gel and gel filtration on superdex 75. this peptide named vulgarinin manifested an antifungal activity toward fungal species such as fusarium oxysporum, mycosphaerella arachidicola, physalospora piricola and botrytis cinerea, and an antibacterial action on mycobacterium phlei, bacillus megater ...200515896669
peptides selected for binding to a virulent strain of haemophilus influenzae by phage display are bactericidal.nontypeable haemophilus influenzae (nthi) is an obligate parasite of the oropharynx of humans, in whom it commonly causes mucosal infections such as otitis media, sinusitis, and bronchitis. we used a subtractive phage display approach to affinity select for peptides binding to the cell surface of a novel invasive nthi strain r2866 (also called int1). over half of the selected phage peptides tested were bactericidal toward r2866 in a dose-dependent manner. five of the clones encoded the same pept ...200515980377
synthesis of schiff bases of 2-amino-5-aryl-1,3,4-oxadiazoles and their evaluation for antimicrobial activities.twenty schiff bases of 2-amino-5-aryl-1,3,4-oxadiazoles have been synthesized with different aromatic aldehydes. the structures of the compounds were confirmed by nitrogen analysis, ir and 13c-nmr spectral data. the antibacterial properties of the compounds were investigated against proteus mirabilis (mtcc-425), pseudomonas aeruginosa (mtcc-424), bacillus subtilis (mtcc-619) and staphylococcus aureus (mtcc-96) using the broth dilution method. the most active compounds were 4c (64 microg/ml), 4f ...200515942874
proteus mirabilis bloodstream infections: risk factors and treatment outcome related to the expression of extended-spectrum beta-lactamases.bloodstream infection (bsi) due to proteus mirabilis strains is a relatively uncommon clinical entity, and its significance has received little attention. this study was initiated to evaluate risk factors and treatment outcome of bsi episodes due to p. mirabilis producing extended-spectrum beta-lactamases (esbls). twenty-five bsi episodes caused by p. mirabilis occurred at our hospital (ospedale di circolo e fondazione macchi, varese, italy) over a 7.5-year period. phenotypic and molecular metho ...200515980325
proteus: identifying signatures in protein termini.proteus (protein terminus) is a web-based tool for the identification of short linear signatures in protein termini. it is based on a position-based search method for revealing short signatures in termini of all proteins. the initial step in proteus development was to collect all signature groups (sigs) based on their relative positions at the termini. the initial set of sigs went through a sequential process of inspection and removal of sigs, which did not meet the attributed statistical thresh ...200515980469
clinical management and outcome of childhood lung abscess: a 16-year experience.in order to evaluate the clinical manifestations, management and outcome of childhood lung abscess, a retrospective chart review of 27 pediatric patients with international classification of diseases, ninth revision-clinical modification (icd-9 cm) code of 503.1 (lung abscess) from august 1987 to august 2003 was conducted. among the 27 patients (14 males and 13 females), 30% (8/27) were primary lung abscess and 70% (19/27) had underlying chronic diseases (secondary lung abscess). the predisposin ...200515986068
[long-term efficacy of trus-guided transperineal needle aspiration and irrigation on persistent hematospermia].to evaluate the long-term efficacy of transrectal ultrasonography (trus)-guided transperineal needle aspiration and irrigation for persistent hematospermia.200515999493
[xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis: presentation of an unusual case].xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis is a morphologically and clinically unique manifestation of chronic pyelonephritis with the formation of pus or granulomas. the most frequent predisposing factors for the development of xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis are urinary obstruction (e. g., stones, tumors, congenital anomalies and functional impairment) and infection of the collecting system.200516001341
in vitro and in vivo antibacterial activities of cs-023 (ro4908463), a novel parenteral carbapenem.cs-023 (ro4908463, formerly r-115685) is a novel 1beta-methylcarbapenem with 5-substituted pyrrolidin-3-ylthio groups, including an amidine moiety at the c-2 position. its antibacterial activity was tested against 1,214 clinical isolates of 32 species and was compared with those of imipenem, meropenem, ceftazidime, ceftriaxone, ampicillin, amikacin, and levofloxacin. cs-023 exhibited a broad spectrum of activity against gram-positive and -negative aerobes and anaerobes, including methicillin-res ...200516048932
characterization of amoeba proteus myosin vi immunoanalog.amoeba proteus, the highly motile free-living unicellular organism, has been widely used as a model to study cell motility. however, molecular mechanisms underlying its unique locomotion and intracellular actin-based-only trafficking remain poorly understood. a search for myosin motors responsible for vesicular transport in these giant cells resulted in detection of 130-kda protein interacting with several polyclonal antibodies against different tail regions of human and chicken myosin vi. this ...200515909304
a study on inhibitory effects of siğla tree (liquidambar orientalis mill. var. orientalis) storax against several bacteria.in this study, siğla (liquidambar orientalis mill.) storax (styrax) was investigated for antibacterial activity against aeromonas hydrophila, bacillus amyloliquefaciens, b. brevis, b. cereus, b. megaterium, b. subtilis, corynebacterium xerosis, enterobacter aerogenes, enterococcus faecalis, escherichia coli, e. coli o157:h7, klebsiella pneumoniae, listeria monocytogenes, micrococcus luteus, mycobacterium smegmatis, proteus vulgaris, pseudomonas aeruginosa, p. fluorescens, staphylococcus aureus a ...200516114094
[efficacy of probiotic bactisporin in therapy of intrahospital urinary infection].we studied efficacy of bactisporin (probiotic based on aerobic spore-forming culture bacillus subtilis, strain 3h) in combined treatment of intrahospital urinary infection (iui) in 36 patients with infravesical obstruction. these patients developed postoperative complications due to iui caused by antibiotic-resistant hospital flora. the control group consisted of 35 patients matched by age and disease given conventional postoperative etiotropic therapy. bacterial translocation enables bactispori ...200516158748
development and evaluation of 16s rdna microarray for detecting bacterial pathogens in cerebrospinal fluid.the rapid identification of bacteria in cerebrospinal fluid (csf) is very important for patient management and antimicrobial therapies. we developed a 16s dna microarray-based method that targets 16s rdna and can directly detect bacteria from csf without cultivation. universal primers and specific probes were designed from the 16s rdna sequence data retrieved directly from the genbank database. the specificity of the assay is obtained through a combination of microarray hybridization and enzymat ...200516118409
effects of lipopolysaccharides from gram-negative bacteria on the level of thiols in blood platelets.lipopolysaccharide (endotoxin, lps) activates blood platelets and stimulates generation of free radicals in these cells. the mechanism of platelet activation induced by lps is not known. the aim of the present study was to examine how glutathione (gsh) and other thiol-containing compounds are involved in the oxidative stress in blood platelets caused by lps. the hplc technique has been used on the analysis of non-protein thiols from human blood platelets treated with lipopolysaccharides of diffe ...200516049662
a strategy for the control of catheter blockage by crystalline proteus mirabilis biofilm using the antibacterial agent triclosan.catheter blockage by crystalline proteus mirabilis biofilm is a common complication in patients undergoing long-term indwelling bladder catheterisation. previously we have shown that inflating the retention balloons of all-silicone catheters with triclosan solutions prevents the encrustation process. the aim of the present work was to examine whether this strategy is effective in latex-based catheters.200516126323
gudair (ojd) vaccine self-inoculation: a case for early debridement. 200516053420
analysis of pten gene mutations in korean patients with cowden syndrome and polyposis syndrome.pten (phosphatase and tensin homologue deleted in chromosome 10) is a candidate tumor suppressor gene. mutations of this gene are responsible for pten hamartoma tumor syndromes, including cowden syndrome, bannayan-riley-ruvalcaba syndrome, proteus syndrome, and proteus -like syndromes. recently, pten mutations were identified in several human neoplasms. we analyzed the dna of various organs and lesions in korean patients with cowden syndrome, their family members, and patients with familial aden ...200516007494
etiological and clinical patterns of childhood urolithiasis in iraq.this study was conducted to evaluate the etiological and clinical characteristics of urolithiasis in iraqi children. from 1999 to 2004, 204 children with renal calculi were evaluated. the age range of the patients was 4 months to 14 years, 61.3% of the patients were under 5 years. male to female ratio was 2.8:1. the mean age at onset of symptoms was 3.2 years, and stone disease was diagnosed at a mean of 3.5 years. hematuria (44.6%) and pain (28.4%) were the main clinical presentation. of the 20 ...200516010596
proteus syndrome: an update.proteus syndrome is a complex disorder consisting variably of disproportionate, asymmetric overgrowth of body parts; cerebriform connective tissue nevi; epidermal nevi; vascular malformations of the capillary, venous, and lymphatic types; and dysregulated adipose tissue. serious complications may ensue, such as pulmonary embolism, cystic lung disease, and various neoplasms. somatic mosaicism, lethal in the nonmosaic state, is the best working hypothesis. although proteus syndrome data are consis ...200516010681
inhibitor-based methods for detection of plasmid-mediated ampc beta-lactamases in klebsiella spp., escherichia coli, and proteus mirabilis.non-beta-lactam inhibitor-based methods were evaluated for detecting plasmid-mediated ampc beta-lactamases in klebsiella spp., escherichia coli, and proteus mirabilis. using clsi methodology and disks containing cefotetan alone and in combination with 400 mug of boronic acid, 9 of 10 positive control strains and 54 of 55 ampc-pcr-positive clinical isolates were detected. importantly 71% and 40% of these clinical isolates were susceptible by routine testing to ceftriaxone and ceftazidime, respect ...200516081966
[prevalence of multidrug-resistant proteus spp. strains in clinical specimens and their susceptibility to antibiotics].proteus sp. are opportunistic microorganisms which cause urinary tract and wounds infections, bacteriaemia and sepsis. the aim of this study was analysis of prevalence of multidrug-resistant proteus sp. strains in clinical specimens and evaluation of their susceptibility to selected antibiotics. the study was carried out of 1499 proteus sp. strains were isolated in 2000-2003 from patients of departments and dispensaries of the university hospital cm in bydgoszcz umk in torun. the strains were id ...200516134389
in vitro and in vivo antibacterial activities of sm-216601, a new broad-spectrum parenteral carbapenem.sm-216601 is a novel parenteral 1beta-methylcarbapenem. in agar dilution susceptibility testing, the mic of sm-216601 for 90% of the methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus (mrsa) strains tested (mic(90)) was 2 microg/ml, which was comparable to those of vancomycin and linezolid. sm-216601 was also very potent against enterococcus faecium, including vancomycin-resistant strains (mic(90) = 8 microg/ml). sm-216601 exhibited potent activity against penicillin-resistant streptococcus pneumoniae, ...200516189097
[comparison of frequency and susceptibility to antimicrobials of bacterial strains of the family enterobacteriaceae isolated from patients hospitalised in intensive care units].the aim of the study was estimation of frequency and susceptibility to antimicrobial agents of gram-negative rods isolated from clinical specimens obtained from patients requiring intensive care, with emphasis on profile of the unit. the analysis comprised strains of gram-negative rods isolated from patients of two intensive care units (icus) of a tertiary care hospital (1200 beds). identification of cultured isolates was done using automated vitek and api systems (biomerieux, france). susceptib ...200516134390
[health accuracy of travnik cheese and quality standards of sanitary accuracy].the aim of work was to determine a health accuracy of sheep milk and the final product travnik cheese, as well as the quality standards of sanitary accuracy. the study was performed on 212 milk samples selected by random choice. the study involved observing the sanitary conditions of sheep milk and cheese production, as well as isolation and identification of causal agents of infective diseases in these products. the results showed the following agents isolated from milk and travnik cheese: esch ...200516134761
rheumatoid arthritis and proteus. 200516138503
[antibiotic resistance: from the results of onerba's networks to good antibiotic use]. 200516144065
in-vitro antibacterial, antifungal and cytotoxic activities of some coumarins and their metal complexes.a series of new antibacterial and antifungal coumarin-derived compounds and their transition metal complexes [cobalt (ii), copper (ii), nickel (ii) and zinc (ii)] have been synthesized, characterized and screened for their in vitro antibacterial activity against escherichia coli, klebsiella pneumoniae, proteus mirabilis, pseudomonas aeruginosa, salmonella typhi, shigella dysenteriae, bacillus cereus, corynebacterium diphtheriae, staphylococcus aureus and streptococcus pyogenes bacterial strains ...200516206827
[bacterial flora and mycosis of the vagina in women with symptoms of vaginal inflammation].to estimate the microbiological profile of vaginal flora in 30 women with gynecologic problems and 20 pregnant women complaining about pathological symptoms {pruritus, burning, vaginal discharge}.200516145858
[influence of dendrite cells, generated with the use of immunomodulators of microbial origin, on the proliferative and cytotoxic activity of lymphocytes].the influence of ripe dendrite cells (dc) on the proliferative activity of mononuclear leukocytes and the cytotoxic activity of lymphocytes of syngenic mice was studied. as inducers of dc ripening, the combination of antigenic components incorporated into the vaccine "lmmunovac bh-4", (klebsiella pneumoniae, proteus vulgaris, escherichia coli, staphylococcus aureus), as well as k. pneumoniae lps and tnf-alpha, were used. this study demonstrated that dc activated with these preparations enhanced ...200516438373
[brain abscesses in neonates: neurosonographic diagnosis and long-term follow-up].brain abscesses were neurosongraphically diagnosed in 3 out of 44 neonates who had confirmed purulent meningitis. in two cases, the cause was proteus mirabillis, whereas in one the cause could not be isolated. the ultrasound finding indicated abscess cavities localised in the frontal (in one case bilaterally) and temporal regions of the cns. neurosurgical interventions were carried out on all of the neonates who had abscesses (including the evacuation of purulent cavity contents, and later on a ...200516623257
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