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aztreonam susceptibility testing. a retrospective analysis.aztreonam is a structurally and immunologically unique beta-lactam antibiotic with activity exclusively against aerobic gram-negative micro-organisms. between 1983 and 1988, its antimicrobial spectrum was evaluated against more than 5,800 fresh clinical isolates at a 300-bed community teaching hospital. only 1.1 percent of enterobacteriaceae isolates were resistant to aztreonam over the five-year study period, an incidence similar to that observed with aminoglycoside antibiotics. aztreonam was f ...19902180295
confirmation of morganella distinction from proteus and providencia among enterobacteriaceae on the basis of cellular and lipopolysaccharide fatty acid composition. 19902191036
laboratory criteria in the diagnostics of intestinal infections of staphylococcal etiology in children.faecal samples were investigated from 948 children hospitalized with the diagnose of acute intestinal infection. the authors studied the isolation and properties of a broad spectrum of microorganisms from children's faeces: salmonella, shigella, e. coli, s. aureus, rotaviruses, klebsiella, morganella, proteus. as a result, laboratory criteria were formulated of diagnosing in children intestinal infection of staphylococcal etiology.19902191037
molecular characterization of cytotoxins produced by haemophilus, actinobacillus, pasteurella.the leukotoxin of pasteurella haemolytica has been implicated as one of the major virulence factors contributing to the pathogenesis of bovine pneumonic pasteurellosis. to gain a better understanding of the various biochemical, antigenic and toxigenic properties of the toxin, the genetic determinant (lkt) which encodes the leukotoxin has been cloned from p haemolytica serotype 1. results from the molecular characterization of this determinant showed that four genes are required to synthesize and ...19902193701
characterization of enterobacteria by esterase specific-activity profiles.the spectrum of specific activities and the electrophoretic mobilities of esterases produced by 550 strains of enterobacteriaceae belonging to 36 species and subclassified into six groups (group 1, escherichia coli, shigella and escherichia hermanii; group 2, genus salmonella and genus citrobacter; group 3, genus klebsiella and genus enterobacter; group 4, genus serratia and serratia fonticola; group 5, genus proteus, genus providencia and genus morganella; and group 6, genus yersinia) were anal ...19902202780
in vitro activity of temafloxacin hydrochloride (ta-167 or a-62254), a new fluorinated 4-quinolone.the in vitro antibacterial activity of temafloxacin hydrochloride (ta-167 or a-62254) was evaluated against a wide variety of clinical isolates and compared with those of other fluoroquinolones. the potency (mic90) of the compound against gram-positive aerobic bacteria was higher or comparable to those of ciprofloxacin, ofloxacin, and norfloxacin. against most gram-negative enteric bacteria and pseudomonas species, temafloxacin was less active than ciprofloxacin, but was generally as active as o ...19902209168
infection with bacterial enteropathogens in swedish travellers to south-east asia--a prospective study.infection with potential bacterial enteropathogens was studied prospectively in 94 swedish travellers. three faecal samples were collected, regardless of diarrhoeal symptoms, after each of three 1-week stays in singapore, hong kong and japan. the specimens were analyzed for salmonella, shigella, yersinia, campylobacter and different enterotoxin-producing bacteria. a potential enteropathogen was identified in 30% (28/94) of the participants, i.e. in 26% of the healthy and in 39% of the travellers ...19902209737
use of urea filter paper disc to detect urease activity in enterobacteriaceae by multipoint replication techniques.a new method of detecting urease activity in enterobacteriaceae was developed. an 8.5 cm filter paper disc impregnated with 20% urea and 0.5% bromocresol purple was placed on the surface of a glucose fermentation plate after inoculation with a multipoint replicator and overnight incubation. this method was compared with the commercially prepared mast urea agar (multipoint) and fuscoe's urea plate medium. a total of 240 routine isolates of enterobacteriaceae were tested for urease activity using ...19902212071
numerical analysis of electrophoretic protein patterns of morganella morganii strains from faeces, wound, urine and other clinical sources.sixty-five strains of morganella morganii (mainly of human origin) were characterized by one-dimensional sds-page of cellular proteins. the strains came from various countries; 13 were from stools (including one from a toucan), 13 from wounds, 11 from urine, five from blood (including one from a snake), five from the respiratory tract (four sputum, one lung), 12 from miscellaneous sources and six from unknown sources. the protein patterns, which contained 45 to 50 discrete bands, were highly rep ...19902246146
functional similarity between the haemolysins of escherichia coli and morganella morganii.haemolysin produced by a clinical isolate of morganella morganii was examined for antigenic relatedness to the haemolysin of escherichia coli and for similarities in mode of action. the m. morganii haemolysin migrated in sds-page as a single protein band with a slightly higher molecular weight than that of e. coli haemolysin. several murine monoclonal antibodies against e. coli haemolysin cross-reacted with the m. morganii haemolysin in western blots. diminished haemolysis in the presence of osm ...19902250286
[bacterial flora of the oral cavity, fangs and venom of bothrops jararaca: possible source of infection at the site of bite].culture of fang, fang sheath and venom of fifteen healthy freshly captured bothrops jararaca were analyzed. the bacteria most frequently encountered were group d streptococci (12 snakes), enterobacter sp. (6), providencia rettgeri (6), providencia sp. (4), escherichia coli (4), morganella morganii (3) and clostridium sp. (5). the bacteria observed are similar to those found in the abscesses from bothrops bitten patients. since these snake mouth bacteria may be inoculated during the snake bite, b ...19902259834
[basic and clinical studies on norfloxacin in the pediatric field].pharmacokinetic , bacteriological and clinical studies on norfloxacin (nflx), a quinolone-carboxylic acid antibacterial agent, were conducted in the pediatric field. 1. serum concentrations and urinary excretion of nflx after single dose of 2.2 approximately 5.6 mg/kg (mean 4.4 +/- 1.2 mg/kg) were determined in 13 children with ages between 6 and 11 years. the mean peak serum concentration of the drug was 0.37 +/- 0.20 micrograms/ml at 2 hours after administration. the mean half-life of the drug ...19902262968
[fournier's disease: a report of 9 cases].nine cases of fournier's gangrene diagnosed between 1982 and 1989 are reported. all were males with a mean age of 76 (47-82 years). seven had a history of alcoholism and one had non insulin-dependent diabetes. six patients also had an anal fistula which may have been the starting point of the infection. the causal agents were two anaerobes (clostridium perfringens and bacteroides fragilis) two gram-negatives (morganella morgagni and pseudomonas aeruginosa) and one, an unidentified gram-positive. ...19902278737
in vitro activity of hre 664, a penem antibiotic.hre 664, a new penem antibiotic, inhibited 90% of escherichia coli, klebsiella, citrobacter diversus, proteus mirabilis, proteus vulgaris, salmonella, shigella, providencia, aeromonas, and morganella at less than or equal to 2 micrograms/ml but was considerably less active than cefotaxime, ceftazidime, and imipenem. it did not inhibit pseudomonas aeruginosa (mic greater than 128 micrograms/ml). hre 664 inhibited enterobacter spp., citrobacter freundii, and serratia marcescens at 1-8 micrograms/m ...19902279381
the role of microorganisms in psoriasis.the microflora of 297 psoriasis patients was extensively examined. throat, urine, and skin surfaces from scalp, ears, chest, face, axillary, submammary, umbilical, upper back, inguinal crease, gluteal-fold, perirectal, vaginal, pubis, penis, scrotal, leg, hands, feet, finger, and toenail areas were cultured for aerobic bacteria, yeast, and dermatophytes. antibody levels to streptococcal enzymes were performed (streptolysin-o, dnase-b, hyaluronidase, streptozyme). giemsa smears and koh preparatio ...19902285571
[susceptibilities of clinical bacterial isolates to antimicrobial agents. a study mainly focused on imipenem. reported by the research group for testing imipenem susceptibility on clinical isolates].this study was conducted to investigate susceptibilities of clinical bacterial isolates to imipenem (ipm) and other antibacterial agents at 64 hospital laboratories throughout japan from september to december of 1988. in this study, identification and susceptibility testing were carried out at each laboratory and the tests were performed according to the disk dilution method recommended by nccls in which susceptibilities are classified into "s", "ms", "i" and "r". ipm showed markedly high in vit ...19902287060
[clinical and diagnostic aspects of infective nephrobronchial fistulae].after reviewing all of our hospital admittances, this paper presents two cases of nephrobronchial fistula (nbf) occurring in two patients, one with renal abscess-like granulomatous pathology and one with xantogranulomatous pyelonephritis (xgp). after commenting on these cases and including iconography, among which a fistulography, very rare in this type of cases, should be emphasized, the coincidence of the three microorganisms (and the presence of morganella morganii) in lung cultures, and kidn ...19902288248
in vitro activity against clinically important gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria of sulbactam, alone and in combination with ampicillin, cefotaxime, mezlocillin, and piperacillin.the in vitro effects of the single agents, and the synergistic/antagonistic action of three different combinations of ampicillin (amp, cas 69-53-4), cefotaxime (ctx, cas 63527-52-6), mezlocillin (mez, cas 51481-65-3), and piperacillin (pip, cas 61477-96-1) with the beta-lactamase inhibitor sulbactam (sul, cas 68373-14-8) were determined against 675 gram-positive and gram-negative, both aerobic and anaerobic bacteria. all the combinations of sulbactam and the antibiotics (1: 1, 1:2 and 1:4) exhib ...19902291754
in-vitro activity of cefpodoxime against 1834 isolates from domiciliary infections at 20 uk centres.a total of 1834 non-copy, general practice or outpatient isolates were collected by 20 hospital laboratories within the british isles, and identified and tested for susceptibility to nine antimicrobial agents available by oral administration at one centre. against enterobacteriaceae cefpodoxime was the most active beta-lactam agent tested, the mic90s being: for escherichia coli 1.0 mg/l, for proteus mirabilis 1.0 mg/l, for citrobacter spp. 2.0 mg/l, and for enterobacter spp., serratia spp., morg ...19902292533
evolution of aromatic amino acid biosynthesis and application to the fine-tuned phylogenetic positioning of enteric bacteria.a comprehensive phylogenetic tree for virtually the entire assemblage of enteric bacteria is presented. character states of aromatic amino acid biosynthesis are used as criteria, and the results are compared with partial trees based upon sequencing of 16s rrna, 5s rrna, and tryptophan leader peptide. three major clusters are apparent. enterocluster 1 possesses a gene fusion (trpg-trpd) encoding anthranilate synthase: anthranilate 5-phosphoribosylpyrophosphate phosphoribosyltransferase of tryptop ...19902298692
purification and n-terminal analysis of urease from helicobacter pylori.urease of helicobacter pylori (formerly campylobacter pylori) is believed to represent a critical virulence determinant for this species. ammonia generated by hydrolysis of urea may protect the acid-sensitive bacterium as it colonizes human gastric mucosa. an h. pylori strain, cultured from a gastric biopsy of a patient with complaints of abdominal pain and a history of peptic ulcer disease, was isolated on selective medium and cultured in mueller-hinton broth supplemented with 4% fetal calf ser ...19902318539
diverse potential of beta-lactamase inhibitors to induce class i enzymes.the ability of various beta-lactamase inhibitors to induce class i beta-lactamases was assessed. clavulanate was the most active compound, inducing morganella morganii, aeromonas caviae, and enterobacter aerogenes over a broad concentration range and citrobacter freundii, pseudomonas aeruginosa, and serratia marcescens at high concentrations. disk approximation tests paralleled these results, with clavulanate, but not sulbactam or tazobactam, antagonizing the activity of several beta-lactams aga ...19902327752
the in-vitro activity of ceftibuten against 475 clinical isolates of gram-negative bacilli, compared with cefuroxime and cefadroxil.the in-vitro activity of ceftibuten was compared with cefuroxime and cefadroxil against 475 clinically-significant, epidemiologically-distinct isolates of gram-negative bacilli: 170 from blood, 212 from urine and 93 from a supplementary collection of multiply-resistant strains known to have resistance plasmids, to have caused sporadic or epidemic nosocomial infection, or both. ceftibuten mics ranged from 0.003 to greater than 32 mg/l, with a modal mic of 0.01 mg/l: 95% of all isolates had ceftib ...19902329100
morganella morganii urease: purification, characterization, and isolation of gene sequences.morganella morganii, a very common cause of catheter-associated bacteriuria, was previously classified with the genus proteus on the basis of urease production. m. morganii constitutively synthesizes a urease distinct from that of other uropathogens. the enzyme, purified 175-fold by passage through deae-sepharose, phenyl-sepharose, mono-q, and superose 6 chromatography resins, was found to have a native molecular size of 590 kilodaltons and was composed of three distinct subunits with apparent m ...19902345135
direct introduction of a formamido group into the 7 alpha (6 alpha)-position of cephalosporins (penicillins).a novel direct introduction of a formamido group into the 7 alpha (6 alpha)-position of cephalosporins (penicillins) was achieved by treatment of 7 beta (6 beta)-[(3,5-di-tert-butyl-4-oxo-2,5-cyclohexadien-1- ylidene)methylimino]cephem (penam) esters with n,n-bis(trimethylsilyl)formamide, followed by deblocking with girard reagent t to give the corresponding 7 alpha (6 alpha)-formamido-7 beta (6 beta)-amino derivatives. three 7 alpha-formamidocephalosporins were prepared by the conventional n-ac ...19902387776
hlyb-dependent secretion of hemolysin by uropathogenic escherichia coli requires conserved sequences flanking the chromosomal hly determinant.the synthesis and secretion of hemolysin (hlya) by escherichia coli are governed by four contiguous genes (hlycabd) that are closely conserved on plasmids and, among human pathogenic strains, on the chromosome. we have previously shown that in plasmid phly152 the coexpressed synthesis and export functions are uncoupled by intraoperon transcription termination, which is in turn alleviated by antitermination dictated in cis by a region upstream of the hly operon. in this study we describe an analo ...19901689714
[the etiological structure of acute intestinal infections].the share of various etiologic forms of acute intestinal infections, diagnosed by bacteriologic methods, is presented. the share of gastroenterocolitis induced by opportunistic microflora makes up 35.6%, that of dysentery 25.6%, salmonellosis 18.5%; mixed infection (dysentery + salmonellosis) is diagnosed in 7% of cases with acute intestinal infections. the principal representative of opportunistic microflora isolated from patients with acute intestinal infections is the klebsiella genus (40.6%) ...19901692367
protein profile typing--a new method of typing morganella morganii strains.a new, simple and stable method for typing morganella morganii strains is described. the 150 strains examined, principally from faeces, contained haemolytic and non-haemolytic representatives of diverse o serogroup, bacteriocin type and biotype. among the biotypes were some trehalose-fermenting, tetracycline-resistant strains and some non-motile, tetracycline-sensitive, glycerol fermenters. after analysis of cell lysates by sodium dodecyl sulphate-discontinuous polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis ...19901701835
new o antigens of morganella morganii and the relationships between haemolysin production. o antigens and morganocin types of strains.a collection of 142 strains of morganella morganii, principally from unrelated patients' faeces was examined to determine the relationship, if any, between haemolysin production, o antigen and morganocin production/sensitivity type. only 55 (38.7%) were agglutinable with the existing 44 o antisera. however, when o antisera were raised to some of the non-typable strains 11 new o antigens were found and 126 (88.7%) of the strains were typable. the number of o antigenic groups in m. morganii is now ...19901711754
[evaluation of sen-sir, a new microsystem for the identification and determination of bacterial sensitivity].the use of semiautomatic methods for identification and study of bacterial sensitivity to antimicrobials is increasingly widespread in clinical microbiology. in the present study, the evaluation of a new micromethod (sen-sir, bbl) for the identification and determination of bacterial sensitivity is reported. 115 clinical isolates of enterobacteria, 10 strains of acinetobacter calcoaceticus and 57 gram positive cocci, previously identified as belonging to the geni staphylococcus and streptococcus ...19892490681
[urease activity of bacteria in urine].urea splitting bacteria are related to the formation of struvite or apatite. we investigated the urease activity of bacteria by two methods; the direct measurement of urease activity of viable bacteria and sonicated bacteria from amounts of ammonia by the indophenol method, and the measurement of urease activity by alkalization of infected urine. proteus mirabilis and pseudomonas aeruginosa had moderate activity of urease, and morganella morganii and staphylococcus epidermidis had the most power ...19892500012
[investigations on the etiology of sepsis by using an experimental mouse model with leukocytopenia. 2. the role of the reticuloendothelial system in the etiology of bacteremia].it has been recognized by clinical data that most of sepsis occurring in the immunocompromised host are endogenous infection. in recent years, we have investigated the mechanism of these bacteremia and sepsis by experimental studies using neutropenic mice treated with cyclophosphamide. and we evidenced that most pathogens causing bacteremia originated in the intestinal flora of the host. it has been shown that bacteria causing bacteremia were divided into two main groups, causing systemic bacter ...19892507683
comparative in vitro activity of sm7338, a new carbapenem antimicrobial agent.the comparative in vitro activity of sm7338 was tested against 670 routine clinical isolates and 130 cefoperazone-resistant isolates of bacteria by agar dilution methods. sm7338 was at least as active as imipenem against gram-negative organisms but was slightly less active against gram-positive organisms. sm7338 was particularly active against members of the family enterobacteriaceae, with mics for 90% of strains of less than or equal to 0.125 micrograms/ml for all species tested. differences in ...19892508543
the postantibiotic effect of meropenem and imipenem on selected bacteria.controlled experiments were conducted to determine the in-vitro postantibiotic effect (pae) of meropenem and imipenem on ten selected bacteria representative of medically important species: staphylococcus aureus (2). pseudomonas aeruginosa (4), escherichia coli (1), serratia marcescens (1), morganella morganii (1), and providencia stuartii (1). the pae was determined by comparing serial colony counts of cultures recovering from exposure to drug concentrations at 4 x mic for 1.5 h with the counts ...19892509416
in-vitro activity of meropenem imipenem, the penem hre 664 and ceftazidine against clinical isolates from west germany.the antibacterial activity in vitro of meropenem was compared with another carbapenem, imipenem, the penem hre 664, and ceftazidime. mics were not influenced by ph nor by inoculum size below 5 x 10(5) cfu/ml: higher inocula caused a modest increase in mic. cation supplementation of mueller-hinton broth was without effect. meropenem was more active than imipenem and the other comparative agents against the majority of gram-negative species (in particular proteus, providencia, morganella, haemophi ...19892509418
in vitro and in vivo efficacy of ytr-830h and piperacillin combinations versus beta-lactamase-producing bacteria.ytr-830h, a beta-lactamase inhibitor, is a non-amino penicillanic sulfone. in vitro synergistic activity with piperacillin was determined for 226 beta-lactamase producing clinical cultures. combination of piperacillin: ytr in ratios of 2:1, 4:1, and 8:1 were highly effective vs escherichia coli, proteus, providencia, morganella, staphylococcus, and bacteroides. minimum inhibitory concentrations (mics) of piperacillin were reduced from the resistant to susceptible range. the higher ratios were le ...19892552030
comparative in vitro activities of piperacillin-tazobactam and ticarcillin-clavulanate.the in vitro activities of ticarcillin, piperacillin, clavulanic acid, tazobactam, ticarcillin-clavulanate, and piperacillin-tazobactam against 819 bacterial isolates were compared. the two beta-lactamase inhibitors, clavulanic acid and tazobactam, had little useful antibacterial activity but enhanced the activities of the penicillins against beta-lactamase-producing strains of haemophilus influenzae, branhamella catarrhalis, and methicillin-susceptible staphylococcus aureus; all strains were su ...19892552904
comparative in vitro and in vivo activities of piperacillin combined with the beta-lactamase inhibitors tazobactam, clavulanic acid, and sulbactam.tazobactam (ytr-830h), a novel beta-lactamase inhibitor, was compared with clavulanic acid and sulbactam for enhancement of the activity of piperacillin against beta-lactamase-producing, piperacillin-resistant clinical isolates. piperacillin mics were determined in media containing a fixed concentration of 2 or 4 micrograms of the inhibitors per ml. the higher concentration was generally more effective. tazobactam was superior to sulbactam in enhancing the spectrum and potency of piperacillin. a ...19892558615
studies to optimize the in vitro testing of piperacillin combined with tazobactam (ytr 830).the combination of piperacillin and the beta-lactamase inhibitor tazobactam (formerly ytr 830) was studied to determine optimal disk concentrations and dilution testing conditions. in addition, the potency of the combination was compared to that of piperacillin alone. the spectrum of piperacillin was greatly expanded by the addition to tazobactam principally against beta-lactamase producing strains of haemophilus influenzae, escherichia coli, morganella morganii, proteus vulgaris, providencia st ...19892560422
type 3 fimbriae among enterobacteria and the ability of spermidine to inhibit mr/k hemagglutination.the distribution of the gene cluster encoding type 3 fimbriae among various isolates of the family enterobacteriaceae was investigated by using 112 clinical and nonclinical isolates. closely related dna sequences were detected in all klebsiella strains, in most enterobacter isolates, in a smaller number of escherichia coli and salmonella spp., and in a single isolate each of yersinia enterocolitica and serratia liquefaciens but not in isolates of morganella or providencia species or serratia mar ...19892562835
ciprofloxacin in patients with bacteremic infections. the spanish group for the study of ciprofloxacin.the efficacy and safety of ciprofloxacin in the treatment of 68 episodes of bacteremia were studied. patients were treated intravenously (30 cases), orally (13 cases), or with sequential intravenous/oral therapy (25 cases). intravenous doses ranged from 200 to 400 mg per day and oral doses ranged from 1,000 to 1,500 mg per day. according to the criteria of mccabe and jackson, 39 cases had nonfatal and 29 had ultimately fatal underlying diseases. the clinical condition of patients at the start of ...19892589366
comparative in vitro activity and beta-lactamase stability of fk482, a new oral cephalosporin.fk482 is an oral aminothiazolyl hydroxyimino cephalosporin with a c-3 vinyl group. its activity was compared with those of cephalexin, cefuroxime, cefixime, and amoxicillin-clavulanate. fk482 inhibited 90% of staphylococcus aureus isolates at 1 micrograms/ml and 90% of streptococcus pyogenes, streptococcus agalactiae, and streptococcus pneumoniae isolates at less than or equal to 0.012 micrograms/ml, superior to cephalexin and cefuroxime and similar to cefixime. it did not inhibit oxacillin-resi ...19892589845
clavulanate and beta-lactamase induction.concern has been expressed that clavulanate can antagonize ticarcillin against enterobacteria and pseudomonads that have inducible expression of chromosomal 'class i' beta-lactamases. it is suggested that clavulanate-induced enzyme inactivates ticarcillin, which itself is a feeble inducer. we confirmed that this mechanism applied, showing that antagonism was abolished in beta-lactamase-basal mutants of inducible strains. antagonism has been reported in double disc tests with strains of pseudomon ...19892606817
[determination of the mic of cefotetan against freshly isolated gram-negative bacilli].antimicrobial activities (mics) of cefotetan (ctt) against 575 strains of 16 spp. of gram-negative bacilli isolated in 1988 were determined to investigate distribution of mics in comparison with those of cefmetazole (cmz), cefoxitin (cfx), latamoxef (lmox) and cefazolin (cez). the change in frequencies of incidence of cephem-resistant strains in the latter half of the 1980 was also investigated. distribution of mic of ctt varied with test strains. no or very few mics were at or higher than 12.5 ...19892621779
antimicrobial activity of dactimicin in vitro compared with that of dibekacin, netilmicin, sisomicin and micronomicin.antimicrobial activity of dactimicin, a pseudo-disaccharide aminoglycoside antibiotic, was compared with those of dibekacin, netilmicin, sisomicin and micronomicin using clinical isolates of four gram-positive and sixteen gram-negative bacteria. dactimicin was more active than the reference amino-glycosides against serratia marcescens, especially gentamicin-resistant serratia sp., proteus vulgaris, p. rettgeri and klebsiella oxytoca, but less active against pseudomonas aeruginosa and p. mirabili ...19892632214
urinary tract infections in children.from january 1981 to december 1987, 346 children with urinary tract infections, proved by urine culture, were admitted to the department of pediatrics, mackay memorial hospital. the ratio of male to female was 3.0 in children below 2 years, and 0.8 in children above 2 years, of age. the urine specimens were collected from suprapubic punctures in 281 cases (81.2%). fever was the most common clinical manifestation. in children below two years old, other common symptoms and signs were body weight l ...19892637602
[bacteriologic study of abscesses caused by bites of snakes of the genus bothrops].the bacterial flora of 99 cases of abscesses following bothrops snakebite were analysed. they corresponded to 61.1% of all snakebite abscesses observed in 1030 patients attending the hospital de doenças tropicais de goiánia in goiás, brazil, from january 1984 to april 1988. an exsudate sample of each abscess was examined by gram stain, culture and susceptibility tests. the gram negative bacillis, morganella morganii, escherichia coli and providencia sp were the most frequent bacterias isolated. ...19892640511
isolation and analysis of the c-terminal signal directing export of escherichia coli hemolysin protein across both bacterial membranes.we have studied the c-terminal signal which directs the complete export of the 1024-amino-acid hemolysin protein (hlya) of escherichia coli across both bacterial membranes into the surrounding medium. isolation and sequencing of homologous hlya genes from the related bacteria proteus vulgaris and morganella morganii revealed high primary sequence divergence in the three hlya c-termini and highlighted within the extreme terminal 53 amino acids the conservation of three contiguous sequences, a pot ...19892656259
discovery of new morganocin types of morganella morganii in strains of diverse serotype and the apparent independence of bacteriocin type from serotype of strains.a collection of 45 serologically distinct strains of morganella morganii from several european countries was typed by morganocin production (p) and sensitivity (s). this permitted their differentiation into 33 morganocin p/s types; 15 new types of morganocin and one new morganocin sensitivity type were found and are defined. morganocin production and sensitivity characteristics appeared to be unrelated to the o and h antigens of the strain. the finest strain recognition in m. morganii might be a ...19892659799
comparison of the in vitro and in vivo antibacterial activities of cefepime (bmy-28142) with ceftazidime, cefuzonam, cefotaxime and cefmenoxime.cefepime (bmy-28142), a new semisynthetic cephalosporin, was evaluated for in vitro and in vivo antibacterial activities in comparison with ceftazidime, cefuzonam, cefotaxime and cefmenoxime. cefepime showed a well-balanced, broad spectrum of activity against a number of clinical isolates collected in japan. the activity of cefepime against gram-positive bacteria was several times greater than that of ceftazidime, nearly comparable to cefotaxime and cefmenoxime, and slightly weaker than cefuzona ...19892663406
[susceptibilities of clinical isolates to antibacterial agents. a study mainly focused on ofloxacin (the second report). reported by the research group for testing ofloxacin susceptibility on clinical isolates].susceptibilities of various clinical isolates to ofloxacin (oflx) and other antibacterial drugs were examined at 128 hospital laboratories in 36 prefectures throughout japan between april, 1986 and march, 1987. the results were totalized with an emphasis mainly on oflx and were compared with data obtained in the previous year. in this study, identification and susceptibility tests of the isolates were carried out at each hospital laboratory and the tests were performed according to the 1-dilutio ...19892664255
[evaluation of a new semi-automatic method of identifying enterobacteriaceae, m.i.s.-enterobacteriaceae].m.i.s.-enterobacteriaceae is a new kit for identifying enterobacteriaceae using a microplate consisting of 21 biochemical characters with automated reading and interpretation. the validity of this method was studied by the identification of 350 strains of enterobacteria belonging to 44 species and comparison with the classical method of identification in test-tubes. results showed a diagnosis accuracy of 96 p. cent at the species level and 97.7 p. cent at the genus level. diagnosis accuracy reac ...19892665580
[properties of bacteriocins of morganella morganii].some properties of morganella morganii bacteriocins were determined. for this purpose two strains (115 and 137) which after mitomycin c induction produced bacteriocins in high titer were chosen. the influence of several physical and chemical factors such as: heating and storage at various temperatures, a freezing and thawing, an influence of buffered fluid of different ph, and digestion by trypsin, papain and lysozyme were investigated. range of bacteriocin activity against various microorganism ...19892668659
proteeae species bacteriuria accompanying proteeae species groin skin carriage in geriatric outpatients.there have been numerous reports of proteeae species urinary tract infections among elderly individuals. to explore a possible urinary carrier source of proteeae species in this population, the frequency of aerobic gram-negative bacillus (agnb) bacteriuria at the greater than or equal to 10(2)/ml level was determined in 67 ambulatory elderly outpatients classified as to proteeae group (morganella, proteus, providencia) groin carriage by a set of two skin cultures obtained at least 1 week apart. ...19892674195
in-vitro activity of fce 22101 and other beta-lactam antibiotics against enterobacteriaceae resistant to third generation cephalosporins.the in-vitro activity of fce 22101 was compared with those of imipenem, aztreonam, cefotaxime, ceftriaxone and latamoxef against 225 enterobacteriaceae (209 clinical isolates and 16 derivatives of escherichia coli k12) chosen for their resistance (mic greater than or equal to 8 mg/l) to third-generation cephalosporins. the beta-lactamases produced by the strains of enterobacter cloacae, klebsiella pneumoniae and esch. coli were identified. the mean mics of fce 22101 were 2-8 mg/l for ent. cloaca ...19892676939
in-vitro activity of meropenem against clinical isolates in a multicentre study in italy.a multicentre in-vitro study was undertaken to evaluate the susceptibility of bacterial pathogens isolated in different italian hospitals to meropenem. a total of 1399 aerobic and 452 anaerobic strains was analysed. comparative agents were imipenem, cefotaxime, ceftazidime, ceftriaxone, piperacillin, ciprofloxacin, gentamicin, amikacin, plus vancomycin when appropriate. the mic ranges (mg/l) of meropenem were: 0.015-2 for klebsiella spp., proteus spp., morganella morganii and providencia spp.; l ...19892681128
pyridoxal 5'-phosphate dependent histidine decarboxylase: overproduction, purification, biosynthesis of soluble site-directed mutant proteins, and replacement of conserved residues.the hdc gene coding for the pyridoxal 5'-phosphate dependent histidine decarboxylase from morganella morganii has been expressed in escherichia coli under control of the lac promoter. the enzyme accumulates to 7-8% of total cell protein and is purified to homogeneity by passage through three columns. fourteen site-directed mutant enzymes were constructed to explore the roles of residues of interest, especially those in the sequence ser229-x230-his231-n epsilon-(phosphopyridoxylidene)lys232, sinc ...19892684275
anti-k1 of the iga class associated with morganella morganii infection.an anti-k1 alloantibody developed in a patient infected with morganella morganii. the serologic behavior and response to dithiothreitol initially suggested that the alloantibody was an igm. however, flow cytometry and the separation of immunoglobulin classes by serum chromatography revealed that the anti-k1 was constituted solely of iga. these data suggest that bacteria-induced red cell antibodies might be of the iga class.19892749877
in vitro activity and beta-lactamase stability of a new carbapenem, sm-7338.sm-7338, a new carbapenem, inhibited most members of the family enterobacteriaceae at mics of 0.015 to 0.25 microgram/ml, including klebsiella oxytoca, citrobacter freundii, enterobacter cloacae, and proteus vulgaris isolates resistant to cefotaxime, ceftazidime, piperacillin, and gentamicin. it was two- to eightfold more active than imipenem, but it inhibited pseudomonas aeruginosa at 1 to 8 micrograms/ml, which was comparable to the activity of imipenem. haemophilus, neisseria, and branhamella ...19892789493
[the ratios and kinds of clinical bacteria isolated in taiwan's large-size hospitals].the prevalence of clinical bacteria, as isolated from linko chang-gung memorial hospital (2,300 beds) in the period january 1985 to december 1986 and from taipei veterans general hospital (2,300 beds) during the period january 1986 to december 1986, was analyzed with the following findings: (i) the isolation ratio of anaerobic and aerobic or facultative bactria during the period of investigation were 7.8% (5,513/70,799) and 92.2% (65,286/70,799), respectively. (ii) of the total aerobic or facult ...19892791722
interactions of meropenem with class i chromosomal beta-lactamases.most newer penicillins and cephalosporins are labile to the class i beta-lactamases that are inducible in pseudomonas aeruginosa. enterobacter spp., citrobacter spp., serratia spp. and indole-positive proteeae, but fail to induce enzyme synthesis below the mic. they remain active against the inducible strains but not against mutants (termed 'stably depressed') that manufacture beta-lactamase copiously without induction. such mutants are segregated at high frequency and may be selected during the ...19892808208
antibacterial activity of tigemonam dicholate (sq 30836) and interaction with beta-lactamases of gram-negative bacteria.sq 30836 is an orally absorbed salt of tigemonam, a new monobactam similar to aztreonam in structure and microbiologic properties. when assayed against 400 clinical isolates, tigemonam's activity was similar to that of aztreonam and carumonam. it was highly effective against enterobacteriaceae but showed poor activity against gram-positive organisms. it inhibited 90% of escherichia coli, klebsiella, shigella, yersinia, proteus, providencia, and morganella strains at 0.5 micrograms/ml or less, an ...19892809698
in vitro activity of tigemonam against urinary tract pathogens.tigemonam's in vitro activity was compared with that of aztreonam, cefotaxime, gentamicin, and norfloxacin. thirty-two strains of pseudomonas and 960 strains of enterobacteriaceae were studied using the agar dilution method (including escherichia coli, klebsiella pneumoniae, klebsiella oxytoca, enterobacter sp., serratia marcescens, proteus mirabilis, proteus vulgaris, morganella morganii, and salmonella enterica). tigemonam displayed good activity against enterobacteriaceae. minimum inhibitory ...19892809699
in vitro studies of tigemonam: a comparison of the minimum inhibitory and minimum bactericidal concentrations (mic vs mbc).the in vitro activity of tigemonam, a new oral monobactam, was studied with special attention to minimum inhibitory concentrations (mics) and minimum bactericidal concentrations (mbcs). against 250 clinical isolates, it inhibited 100% of escherichia sp., klebsiella sp., serratia sp., citrobacter sp., providencia sp., proteus sp., morganella sp., aeromonas sp., yersinia sp., shigella sp., and haemophilus sp. at 0.5 mg/l or less. with 1 mg/l, 75% of enterobacter sp. were inhibited; however, three ...19892809701
[pharmacokinetic and clinical studies of cefteram pivoxil granule in the pediatric field].cefteram pivoxil (cftm-pi), the pivaloyloxymethyl ester of cefteram (cftm) in which aminothiazol was also introduced into the 7 position of cephem nucleus, is a new oral cephem antibiotic. cftm-pi was absorbed through the intestines and hydrolyzed to cftm by esterases in the intestinal wall and existed in the body fluids as cftm. a tablet form of this drug has been released in japan and now a granular form for pediatric patients has been developed. we have determined mics of 5 drugs (cftm, cepha ...19892810762
in vitro evaluation of brl 42715, a novel beta-lactamase inhibitor.the penem brl 42715, c6-(n1-methyl-1,2,3-triazolylmethylene)penem, is a potent inhibitor of a broad range of bacterial beta-lactamases, including the plasmid-mediated tem, shv, oxa, and staphylococcal enzymes, as well as the chromosomally mediated enzymes of bacteroides, enterobacter, citrobacter, serratia, morganella, escherichia, klebsiella, and proteus species. the concentration of brl 42715 needed to reduce the initial rate of hydrolysis of most beta-lactamase enzymes by 50% was less than 0. ...19892817854
ytr-830h: its origin, the present and the future. 198916312317
in vitro evaluation of new beta-lactamase inhibitor: ytr830h and derivatives. 198916312318
[the hemolytic properties of strains of morganella morganii]. 19882967119
further differentiation of enterobacteriaceae by means of siderophore-pattern analysis.by means of a combination of 5 siderophore bioassays using several indicator strains, genera, species and subspecies of enterobacteriaceae can be further differentiated. enterobactin, aerobactin and other siderophores produced can be detected. each strain shows specific pattern which we called siderophore-pattern. it is easy to separate morganella, proteus, providencia, yersinia strains from the genera salmonella, shigella, escherichia coli, enterobacter, citrobacter, klebsiella, serratia. enter ...19882970195
[susceptibilities of clinical isolates to antibacterial agents. focusing mainly on ofloxacin (first report). reported by the research group for testing ofloxacin susceptibility of clinical isolates].susceptibility tests were carried out on a variety of clinically isolated pathogens using the susceptibility disc method at 197 hospitals in japan between may, 1985 through march, 1986. these tests were organized by the research group for testing ofloxacin susceptibility on clinical isolates, and the results were statistically analyzed. this paper describes a comparison of susceptibilities of clinical isolates including staphylococcus aureus, staphylococcus epidermidis, enterococcus faecalis, st ...19883163383
in vitro activity of lomefloxacin (sc-47111; ny-198), a difluoroquinolone 3-carboxylic acid, compared with those of other quinolones.lomefloxacin (sc-47111; ny-198) is a new difluoroquinolone agent. it inhibited 90% of escherichia coli, klebsiella spp., enterobacter spp., citrobacter spp., proteus mirabilis, morganella morganii, proteus vulgaris, serratia marcescens, salmonella spp., shigella spp., aeromonas spp., yersinia spp., haemophilus influenzae, and neisseria gonorrhoeae at less than or equal to 2 micrograms/ml. lomefloxacin inhibited 90% of pseudomonas aeruginosa at 4 micrograms/ml. lomefloxacin was equal in activity ...19883164987
properties and participation of "free" endotoxin in the toxic activity of morganella morganii."free" and "bound" morganella morganii endotoxin was characterized by chemical (determination of proteins, saccharides and 3-deoxy-2-octulosonic acid) and immunochemical (double-diffusion test, immunoelectrophoresis, tandem crossed immunoelectrophoresis) methods. chemical analysis showed that "free" endotoxin contains more protein and phosphorus and less saccharides than bound endotoxin. immunochemical tests revealed differences in the structure of polysaccharide portions of both endotoxins, and ...19883181832
isotope effect studies of the pyridoxal 5'-phosphate dependent histidine decarboxylase from morganella morganii.the pyridoxal 5'-phosphate dependent histidine decarboxylase from morganella morganii shows a nitrogen isotope effect k14/k15 = 0.9770 +/- 0.0021, a carbon isotope effect k12/k13 = 1.0308 +/- 0.0006, and a carbon isotope effect for l-[alpha-2h]histidine of 1.0333 +/- 0.0001 at ph 6.3, 37 degrees c. these results indicate that the overall decarboxylation rate is limited jointly by the rate of schiff base interchange and by the rate of decarboxylation. although the observed isotope effects are qui ...19883191100
association of reactive arthropathy and morganella morganii cross reacting with yersinia enterocolitica.two patients exhibited reactive arthropathy in association with chronic diarrhoea and abdominal pain. rising titres of agglutinating antibody to yersinia enterocolitica o3 were observed in association with arthropathy. morganella morganii was isolated from faeces of one patient in heavy growth. in both patients, absorption of the sera with morganella antigen abolished yersinia reactivity. morganella titres were more than 8 times the yersinia titres and were unaffected by absorption with yersinia ...19883194711
[evaluation on the capability of indole pyruvic acid production by members of proteeae on different brands of sulfide-indole-motility].members of proteeae were vertically inoculated into different brands of sulfide-indole-motility (sim) medium for evaluating the capability of ipa production. a total of 328 clinical strains of tribe proteeae was used as tested organisms, including 186 proteus mirabilis strains, 62 morganella morganii strains, 31 proteus vulgaris strains, 27 providencia rettgeri strains, 14 providencia stuartii and 8 providencia alcalifaciens strains. seven different brands of sim medium used in this study are ky ...19883197461
in vitro activities of a-56619 (difloxacin) and a-56620, two aryl fluoroquinolones.the in vitro activities of a56619 (difloxacin) and a-56620, two newer quinolones, have been compared with the activities of ciprofloxacin, ofloxacin, ceftazidime and netilmicin. a total of 782 clinical, bacterial isolates were employed. minimal inhibitory concentrations (mics) were determined under standard conditions with all isolates and, for 100 isolates against difloxacin and a-56620, with variation of agar ph and bacterial inoculum size. on a weight-for-weight basis, ciprofloxacin and a-566 ...19883208547
[antibacterial activities of monobactams against fresh clinical isolates].antibacterial activities of monobactam antibiotics (carumonam (crmn) and aztreonam (azt] against gram-negative bacilli isolated from inpatients in the latter half of 1987 were investigated using penicillin (pc: piperacillin (pipc], cephems (ceps: ceftazidime (caz), cefotaxime (ctx), latamoxef (lmox), cefsulodin (cfs], carbapenem (imipenem (ipm] and pyridonecarboxylic acids (norfloxacin (nflx) and ofloxacin (oflx] as reference antibiotics. a total of 400 strains of 13 species, i.e. escherichia co ...19883210297
[antibacterial activity of gentamicin against clinical isolates in pediatrics].antibacterial activity of gentamicin (gm), along with activities of other aminoglycosides and beta-lactams, was studied against clinical isolates collected from pediatric patients during a period of may 1986-april 1987. 1. gm-resistance was noted in 22% of staphylococcus aureus, 6% of proteus vulgaris, 8% of morganella morganii, 40% of providencia spp., 6% of enterobacter spp., 14% of serratia marcescens, and 14% of pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates. no gm-resistance was observed with isolates of ...19883216475
[bacteriocinogenic properties of morganella morganii]. 19883216764
[the in vitro activity of ofloxacin, pefloxacin and ciprofloxacin against various gram negative bacteria isolated from urinary tract infections].in this study the in vitro activity of ofloxacin, pefloxacin and ciprofloxacin against various gram negative bacteria isolated from urinary tract infections was examined. of 80 isolates (24 e. coli, 10 enterobacter, 10 klebsiella, 23 proteus, 10 pseudomonas, 2 morganella and 1 serratia) 49 were from inpatients, and 31 were from outpatients. ciprofloxacin was the most potent compound and no resistant strain was found against ciprofloxacin, while 1 enterobacter strain and 1 pseudomonas strain were ...19883252111
in vitro activity of an oral iminomethoxy aminothiazolyl cephalosporin, r-3746.the in vitro activity of r-3746, an iminomethoxy aminothiazolyl cephalosporin with a ch2och3 moiety at position 3, was compared with those of other antibiotics. r-3746 inhibited the majority of hemolytic streptococci (groups a, b, c, f, and g) and streptococcus pneumoniae at less than 0.06 micrograms/ml, which was comparable to the activity of amoxicillin, 2- to 8-fold more active than cefixime, and 16- to 64-fold more active than cefaclor and cephalexin. ninety percent of beta-lactamase-produci ...19883260766
activity of temocillin and other penicillins against beta-lactamase-inducible and -stably derepressed enterobacteria.mics of temocillin, carbenicillin, ticarcillin, mezlocillin, piperacillin and ampicillin were determined for mutant series of enterobacter cloacae, citrobacter freundii, proteus vulgaris, morganella morganii and serratia marcescens with inducible, stably derepressed or basal expression of chromosomal class i beta-lactamases. ampicillin was inactive (mic greater than 256 mg/l) both against beta-lactamase-inducible organisms (except c. freundii) and their stably derepressed mutants, whereas basal ...19883263354
production and properties of haemolysins from clinical isolates of the proteeae.a collection of 198 clinical isolates of strains belonging to the tribe proteeae was examined for haemolytic activity on blood agar and in brain heart infusion broth. the strains were of diverse bacteriocin and o-antigenic types and from a wide variety of sources. they included representatives of all species of morganella, proteus and providencia. approximately half of the m. morgani strains were haemolytic on blood agar. this activity was not associated with any particular bacteriocin type. the ...19883275780
a survey of iga protease production among clinical isolates of proteeae.a collection of 100 strains of proteeae, in which all species within the tribe were represented, was examined for iga protease production. the strains were isolated from various clinical specimens from sick and healthy persons in several countries. iga protease-producing strains were not found amongst species of providencia and morganella but were common in proteus spp. all the strains of p. mirabilis and p. penneri and many of the strains of p. vulgaris examined produced an edta-sensitive prote ...19883275781
rapidec ur, a 2-h miniaturized system for pinpointing uropathogens.a miniaturized 2-h system (rapidec ur; api system, la balme-les-grottes, montalieu-vercieu, france) that uses nine enzymatic tests for the diagnosis of most uropathogens was challenged with 330 strains. with few exceptions (citrobacter, enterobacter, and providencia spp., morganella morganii, and staphylococci other than staphylococcus saprophyticus), there were distinct patterns that allowed at least a preliminary species diagnosis.19883277991
tigemonam, an oral monobactam.tigemonam is an orally administered monobactam. at less than or equal to 1 microgram/ml it inhibited the majority of strains of escherichia coli, klebsiella spp., enterobacter aerogenes, citrobacter diversus, proteus spp., providencia spp., aeromonas hydrophila, salmonella spp., shigella spp., serratia marcescens, and yersinia enterocolitica. at less than or equal to 0.25 microgram/ml it inhibited haemophilus spp., neisseria spp., and branhamella catarrhalis. it did not inhibit pseudomonas spp. ...19883279906
evaluation of the ids rapid ss/u system for rapid identification of urinary microorganisms.the accuracy of a new rapid identification system for common urinary pathogens was compared with that of conventional methods and of miniaturized 18-24-hour identification panels. the rapid system, rapid ss/u (innovative diagnostic system inc., atlanta, ga) is a non-growth-dependent micro-method that identifies selected gram-negative bacilli, gram-positive cocci, and yeasts in two hours by detection of constitutive enzymes acting on chromogenic substrates. a total of 185 representative clinical ...19883285661
bacteremia and septic arthritis in a west african dwarf crocodile.an anorectic, adult west african dwarf crocodile was examined because of bilateral hind limb paresis. clinical findings included multiple skin wounds, osteomyelitis of the distal portions of the right radius and ulna, severe anemia, and serratia marcescens bacteremia. the crocodile died after a blood transfusion. at necropsy, hemorrhage in the subarachnoid space, suppurative polyarthritis, and gastric ulceration were found. serratia marcescens and morganella morganii were isolated from multiple ...19883292493
comparative in vitro activity of amoxycillin/clavulanate (augmentin), ceftazidime and ceftriaxone against hospital strains of gram-negative and -positive bacteria.the in vitro antibacterial activities of amoxycillin/clavulanate (augmentin), ceftazidime and ceftriaxone were compared against 330 gram-negative and gram-positive strains isolated from clinical specimens received at the king abdulaziz university hospital (kauh) in saudi arabia. the antibacterial susceptibility was determinated by stokes method and by the minimal inhibitory concentration (mic) using an agar dilution method. ceftazidime and ceftriaxone were the most active antibiotics, inhibiting ...19883293818
bacterial lysis of fibrin seal in vitro.we performed an in vitro study to determine whether certain bacteria may lyse a commercially available fibrin seal (beriplast, behringwerke, marburg, frg). fibrinogen solution was mixed with actively growing bacterial cultures, and thrombin was added. during 20 days of incubation at 37 degrees c complete lysis was observed with a number of different bacteria, however, at different rates. complete lysis within 1-5 days was observed for the following species (number of strains in parentheses): str ...19882456934
haemolytic activity of morganella morganii strains.haemolytic activity on solid and liquid media of 103 morganella morganii strains isolated from clinical sources was investigated. the ability to produce haemolysin was found in 42.7% of strains. all strains capable to produce haemolysin on blood agar media also revealed haemolytic activity in some liquid media. haemolysins were found in the supernatants and filtrates of the cultures in peptone water but not in brain heart infusion and trypticase soy broth. the maximal titer of haemolysin was obs ...19882462333
immunization with rough mutants of salmonella minnesota: protective activity of igm and igg antibody to the r595 (re chemotype) mutant.we evaluated the immunoglobulin class responsible for the protective activity in serum obtained from humans and rabbits after immunization with the r595 (re chemotype) mutant of salmonella minnesota. whole serum obtained before immunization and the igg and igm fractions failed to protect mice against lethal challenge with viable klebsiella pneumoniae or morganella morganii or with salmonella typhi lipopolysaccharide (lps). the protective activity of postimmunization serum resided solely in igm a ...19883042871
comparison of the haemolysin secretion protein hlyb from proteus vulgaris and escherichia coli; site-directed mutagenesis causing impairment of export function.the hlyb secretion genes of proteus vulgaris and escherichia coli showed 81% nucleotide homology and similar e. coli-atypical codon usage. the deduced protein sequences differed in 54 of 707 residues and shared a previously unreported sequence which corresponds to the atp-binding motif characteristic of protein kinases. the motif was also conserved in the hlyb of morganella morganii. of 4 oligonucleotide-directed substitutions introduced into the putative e. coli hlyb motif, 2 non-conservative c ...19883054490
chromosomal beta-lactamase expression and resistance to beta-lactam antibiotics in proteus vulgaris and morganella morganii.indole-positive members of the proteeae usually have inducible expression of chromosomal beta-lactamases. mutants with stably derepressed beta-lactamase expression occur in inducible populations at frequencies in the range of 10(-6) to 10(-8). the contribution of these beta-lactamases to drug resistance was examined in morganella morganii and proteus vulgaris. the m. morganii enzyme was a high-molecular-weight (49,000) class i cephalosporinase with low vmax rates for ampicillin, carbenicillin, a ...19883058021
[lysogeny in strains of proteus mirabilis and morganella morganii]. 19883060268
in vitro activity of desacetylcefotaxime and the interaction with its parent compound, cefotaxime.antibacterial activities of cefotaxime and its major metabolite, desacetylcefotaxime, against 178 strains (of 10 species) were assessed in terms of minimum inhibitory concentrations (mic50 and mic80), and were compared with those of cefoperazone and ceftazidime. the activity of desacetylcefotaxime was several times less than that of cefotaxime against almost all of the species tested. against staphylococcus aureus, morganella morganii, enterobacter cloacae and pseudomonas aeruginosa, the mic80 v ...19883135170
mechanism of inhibition of chromosomal beta-lactamases by third-generation cephalosporins.the kinetic interactions of the beta-lactamase from enterobacter cloacae 908 r with ceftriaxone, cefotaxime, and ceftazidime have been examined in detail. with all of these cephalosporins, there is an initial rapid reaction involving opening of the beta-lactam that then decreases to a slower steady-state rate (kss) of beta-lactam hydrolysis (at 37 degrees c: ceftriaxone, kss = 0.044 s-1; cefotaxime, kss = 0.033 s-1; ceftazidime, kss = 0.011 s-1). more than stoichiometric quantities of beta-lacta ...19883142012
in vitro activity of e-1040, a novel cephalosporin with potent activity against pseudomonas aeruginosa.the in vitro activity of e-1040 [(6r,7r)-3-[(4-carbamoyl-1-quinuclidinio)methyl]-7-[2-(5-amino-1,2 ,4- thiadiazol-3-yl)-(z)-2-methoxyiminoacetoamido]-8-oxo-5-thia- 1- azabicyclo(4,2,0)oct-2-ene-2-carboxylate], a novel cephalosporin, was compared with that of ceftazidime, cefpirome, cefepime, imipenem, and gentamicin. e-1040 inhibited 50% of members of the family enterobacteriaceae, pseudomonas aeruginosa, and haemophilus and neisseria species at less than or equal to 0.25 microgram/ml, and the m ...19883150915
a survey of clinical experience with ciprofloxacin, a new quinolone antimicrobial.ciprofloxacin is a new quinolone antimicrobial agent with activity against a broad spectrum of gram-negative and gram-positive organisms, including pseudomonas aeruginosa and methicillin-resistant strains of staphylococci. the efficacy and safety results of 80 clinical studies of the oral form of ciprofloxacin are reported. drug safety was assessed in 2236 courses in 2203 adult patients treated primarily in the united states. data from 1676 courses were suitable for analysis of drug efficacy. th ...19883360968
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