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[susceptibilities of clinical bacterial isolates to antimicrobial agents, 1989. a study mainly focused on imipenem. the research group for testing imipenem susceptibilities of clinical isolates].we investigated susceptibilities of clinical bacterial isolates to imipenem (ipm) and other antimicrobial agents at hospital laboratories throughout japan from september to december of 1989. the susceptibility testing was carried out according to the 1-dilution or 3-dilution disc technique in which susceptibilities are classified into 4 grades: (+++), (++), (+) and (-). ipm showed markedly high in vitro activities against streptococcus pneumoniae, neisseria gonorrhoeae, moraxella catarrhalis, es ...19911798067
in vitro activity evaluations of cefdinir (fk482, ci-983, and pd134393). a novel orally administered cephalosporin.cefdinir, a so-called third-generation oral cephalosporin was tested in vitro against over 700 pathogens from patients with bacteremia. cefdinir was very active against the enterobacteriaceae with a 50% minimum inhibitory concentration (mic50) value range of less than or equal to 0.03-8 micrograms/ml. the enteric species having the highest mic90s (greater than or equal to 16 micrograms/ml) were citrobacter freundii, and the enterobacters, morganella morganii, proteus vulgaris, and serratia marce ...19911797457
in vitro activity of a new cephalosporin me-1206 compared with other agents.the in vitro activity of me-1206, a new aminothiazolyl cephalosporin that can be orally absorbed when converted to an ester, was compared with that of other beta-lactams. me-1206 inhibited 50% of the enterobacteriaceae at 2 micrograms/ml, similar to cefotaxime, ceftazidime, and cefixime. it did not inhibit, mic greater than or equal to 32 micrograms/ml, enterobacter species or citrobacter freundii resistant to cefotaxime and ceftazidime, and it was less active than cefotaxime and ceftazidime aga ...19911797456
selection and characterization of cefepime-resistant gram-negative bacteria.the nctc type strains and four clinical isolates of enterobacter cloacae, citrobacter freundii, serratia marcescens, morganella morganii, providencia stuartii and pseudomonas aeruginosa were exposed, in agar, to cefepime at 3, 5, and 10 x mic and a breakpoint concentration of 16 mg/l. mutants were selected at a frequency of approximately 10(-8) that had decreased susceptibility to cefepime and cefpirome, and species-dependent resistance to other beta-lactams. any putative mutant with a greater t ...19911778870
beta-lactamase expression and outer membrane protein changes in cefpirome-resistant and ceftazidime-resistant gram-negative bacteria.twenty-five strains of enterobacteriaceae (five each of enterobacter cloacae, citrobacter freundii, serratia marcescens, morganella morganii, and providencia stuartii) and five strains of pseudomonas aeruginosa were exposed to various concentrations of cefpirome or ceftazidime in agar. mutants with a greater than four-fold increase in the mic were examined for changes in beta-lactamase expression and outer membrane protein (omp) profile. both agents selected mutants with decreased susceptibility ...19911778852
a new plate medium for rapid presumptive identification and differentiation of enterobacteriaceae.a new selective differential agar medium for rapid presumptive identification of enterobacteriaceae from water and food samples is described (emx id agar). by a combination of fluorogenic and chromogenic substrates, the medium detects the presence of beta-d-glucuronidase, beta-d-galactosidase, beta-d-xylosidase, tryptophane deaminase and h2s; additionally, cytochrome-oxidase and indole production can be demonstrated. this medium provides an inexpensive means for simple and rapid presumptive iden ...19911777382
evaluation of brl 42715, a beta-lactamase-inhibiting penem.brl 42715 is a new penem which inhibits a wide range of plasmid as well as chromosomally mediated bacterial beta-lactamases. we used a total of 902 recent clinical isolates, consisting of 455 enterobacteriaceae, 247 staphylococci and 200 other gram-negative bacteria to evaluate its ability for potentiation of amoxycillin. mics for all the 104 strains of methicillin-susceptible staphylococcus aureus were reduced from 8-greater than 32.0 to less than or equal to 0.06 micrograms/ml in the presence ...19911760938
comparative study of pharmacokinetics and serum bactericidal activity of ceftizoxime and cefotaxime.single 2-g intravenous doses of ceftizoxime (czx) and cefotaxime (ctx) were given over 30 min to 10 adult volunteers in a crossover manner on two separate occasions. concentrations of czx, ctx, and the primary metabolite of ctx, desacetylcefotaxime (dctx), in serum, suction-induced-blister fluid, and urine were determined by high-pressure liquid chromatography. pharmacokinetic parameters were estimated by using an extended least-squares modeling program (mkmodel). czx exhibited a half-life in se ...19911759827
in vitro activity of the novel cephalosporin gr69153.the in vitro activity of gr69153 was compared to that of ceftazidime, ceftriaxone, imipenem and gentamicin against a total of 702 recent clinical isolates. mics were determined by a standard agar dilution procedure and two inocula (10(4) and 10(8) cfu) were used throughout. gr69153 inhibited 90% of isolates of escherichia coli, klebsiella pneumonia and proteus mirabilis at less than or equal to 0.25 mg/l and 90% of isolates of pseudomonas aeruginosa at less than or equal to 1 mg/l. citrobacter f ...19911748126
the current and future impact of antimicrobial resistance among nosocomial bacterial pathogens.the selection of drug-resistant microorganisms has generally been associated with the widespread use of antimicrobial agents. the emergence of these antimicrobial resistance has an undesirable impact that often severely limits the use of these drugs that could have otherwise been identified as "drugs of first choice." among the most serious drug-resistance problems, the chromosomally mediated type -i beta-lactamase mechanism has become more common among the infecting gram-negative bacteria. type ...19921737440
microbiological evaluation of cefpodoxime proxetil.cefpodoxime, the active de-esterified molecule of the orally absorbable cephalosporin cefpodoxime proxetil, inhibits streptococci, neisseria spp., and most enterobacteriaceae, with mic50 and/or mic90 values of less than or equal to 2 mg/l; with regard to the latter family of bacteria, the mic50 and/or mic90 values of cefpodoxime are consistently greater than or equal to 4 mg/l for only enterobacter cloacae, citrobacter freundii, serratia marcescens, and morganella morganii. the mic50 of cedpodox ...19911726210
evolution of the ferric enterobactin receptor in gram-negative bacteria.using sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis of iron-deficient and replete cell envelopes, 59fe-siderophore uptake studies, and western immunoblots and cytofluorimetric analyses with monoclonal antibodies (mabs), we surveyed a panel of gram-negative bacteria to identify outer membrane proteins that are structurally related to the escherichia coli k-12 ferric enterobactin receptor, fepa. antibodies within the panel identified fepa epitopes that are conserved among the majority ...19911717434
new o antigens of morganella morganii and the relationships between haemolysin production. o antigens and morganocin types of strains.a collection of 142 strains of morganella morganii, principally from unrelated patients' faeces was examined to determine the relationship, if any, between haemolysin production, o antigen and morganocin production/sensitivity type. only 55 (38.7%) were agglutinable with the existing 44 o antisera. however, when o antisera were raised to some of the non-typable strains 11 new o antigens were found and 126 (88.7%) of the strains were typable. the number of o antigenic groups in m. morganii is now ...19901711754
properties of a rat monoclonal antibody reactive with both the mannan of candida species and the o-antigen 6,7 polysaccharide of serogroup c1 salmonellae.monoclonal antibody masc1-mr9 of isotype immunoglobulin m was generated in lou/c rats by immunization with heat-killed salmonella thompson (serogroup c1, o-antigen 6,7 lipopolysaccharide) bacteria which had been further enriched for o-antigen by coating with homologous lipopolysaccharide. eight monoclonal antibodies were selected by screening against the lipopolysaccharide of s. thompson. in a subsequent test against candida mannan, only one antibody, masc1-mr9, was reactive. immunofluorescence ...19911702760
protein profile typing--a new method of typing morganella morganii strains.a new, simple and stable method for typing morganella morganii strains is described. the 150 strains examined, principally from faeces, contained haemolytic and non-haemolytic representatives of diverse o serogroup, bacteriocin type and biotype. among the biotypes were some trehalose-fermenting, tetracycline-resistant strains and some non-motile, tetracycline-sensitive, glycerol fermenters. after analysis of cell lysates by sodium dodecyl sulphate-discontinuous polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis ...19901701835
[the etiological structure of acute intestinal infections].the share of various etiologic forms of acute intestinal infections, diagnosed by bacteriologic methods, is presented. the share of gastroenterocolitis induced by opportunistic microflora makes up 35.6%, that of dysentery 25.6%, salmonellosis 18.5%; mixed infection (dysentery + salmonellosis) is diagnosed in 7% of cases with acute intestinal infections. the principal representative of opportunistic microflora isolated from patients with acute intestinal infections is the klebsiella genus (40.6%) ...19901692367
hlyb-dependent secretion of hemolysin by uropathogenic escherichia coli requires conserved sequences flanking the chromosomal hly determinant.the synthesis and secretion of hemolysin (hlya) by escherichia coli are governed by four contiguous genes (hlycabd) that are closely conserved on plasmids and, among human pathogenic strains, on the chromosome. we have previously shown that in plasmid phly152 the coexpressed synthesis and export functions are uncoupled by intraoperon transcription termination, which is in turn alleviated by antitermination dictated in cis by a region upstream of the hly operon. in this study we describe an analo ...19901689714
antimicrobial activities of piperacillin alone and in combination with tazobactam against beta-lactamase-producing bacteria.tazobactam (ytr 830), a new beta-lactamase inhibitor, was evaluated for its effect in combination with piperacillin, a broad spectrum, but beta-lactamase sensitive, penicillin, against 14 common bacteria. a total of 1,086 clinical isolates from different clinical specimens were tested for beta-lactamase production by the rapid chromogenic cephalosporin method. their susceptibilities to piperacillin alone and in combination with tazobactam in a ratio of 8:1 by the agar dilution method were evalua ...19911685175
[urinary tract infection in an ambulatory population: epidemiological analysis of the etiology and antibiotic resistance of isolated gram-negative strains].15,892 urinocultures belonging to out-patients admitted to chieti ulss 04, from january '85 to december '89 were studied. among the examined samples, the positive urinocultures were 4255 (26.8%) with a prevalence in the female sex (78.6%). during the year e. coli was the most frequently identified organism (55.8%) without significant changes. 25.7% was the isolation percentage of morganella-proteus-providencia (mpp). in order to plan a right antibiotic-therapy the resistance of isolates to 19 ch ...19911670056
in vitro activity and stability against novel beta-lactamases of investigational beta-lactams (cefepime, cefpirome, flomoxef, sce2787 and piperacillin plus tazobactam) in comparison with established compounds (cefotaxime, latamoxef and piperacillin).the therapeutic perspectives of flomoxef, sce 2787, cefpirome, cefepime, latamoxef, cefotaxime and of piperacillin plus tazobactam were comparatively evaluated by their in vitro activity against 1119 clinical isolates of 83 bacterial species. escherichia coli, klebsiella spp. enterobacter sakazakii, proteus spp. and shigella spp. were about equally susceptible to the cephalosporins (mic90: 0.06 to 0.5 mg/l), while the mic90 for piperacillin plus tazobactam was between 2 and 16 mg/l. enterobacter ...19911664418
in-vitro evaluation of ampicillin/brobactam and comparison with other beta-lactam antibiotics.the ability of brobactam to inhibit beta-lactamases and the in vitro activity of ampicillin combined with brobactam was compared with another beta-lactamase inhibitor, clavulanic acid, and other beta-lactam antibiotics. both inhibitors showed good and similar activity against staphylococcal penicillinase and most broad-spectrum beta-lactamases found in the enterobacteriaceae, whether plasmid or chromosomally mediated. both inhibitors were less active against chromosomally mediated cephalosporina ...19911646779
reliability of a bioluminescence atp assay for detection of bacteria.the reliability of bioluminescence assays which employ the luciferin-luciferase atp-dependent reaction to evaluate bacterial counts was studied, both in vitro and on urine specimens. bioluminescence and cultural results for the most common urinary tract pathogens were analyzed. furthermore, the influence of the culture medium, of the assaying method, and of the phase of growth on bioluminescence readings was studied. results show that proteus, providencia, and morganella strains are not correctl ...19921629329
a rare case of chorioamnionitis by morganella morganii complicated by septicemia and adult respiratory distress syndrome.morganella morganii, a gram-negative bacterium, usually infects older patients with urinary catheters, but does not commonly affect pregnant women. in this report we present a case of chorioamnionitis caused by morganella morganii. the case was complicated by a life-threatening adult respiratory distress syndrome.19921618364
purification of recombinant helicobacter pylori urease apoenzyme encoded by urea and ureb.helicobacter pylori, a gram-negative, microaerophilic, spiral-shaped bacterium, is an etiologic agent of human gastritis and peptic ulceration and is highly restricted to the gastric mucosa of humans. urease, synthesized at up to 6% of the soluble cell protein, hydrolyzes urea, thereby releasing ammonia, which may neutralize acid, allowing survival of the bacterium and initial colonization of the gastric mucosa. the urease protein is encoded by two subunit genes, urea and ureb; however, accessor ...19921612735
in vitro activity of cefquinome, a new cephalosporin, compared with other cephalosporin antibiotics.the in vitro activity of cefquinome, a new aminothiazolyl cephalosporin with a c-3 bicyclic pyridinium group, was compared with ceftazidime, cefpirome, and cefepime. cefquinome inhibited members of the enterobacteriaceae at less than or equal to 0.5 microgram/ml for escherichia coli, klebsiella pneumoniae, k. oxytoca, citrobacter diversus, salmonella shigella, proteus mirabilis, morganella, and providencia. although most citrobacter freundii and enterobacter cloacae were inhibited by less than 2 ...19921611848
in vitro activity of cefodizime.cefodizime is a bactericidal cephem with the typical broad spectrum activity of an aminothiazolyl cephalosporin, including both gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria: its mic90 is 0.125 mg/l for streptococcus pneumoniae, streptococcus pyogenes and other streptococci; and 0.05 mg/l for haemophilus spp., neisseria meningitidis, neisseria gonorrhoeae and moraxella catarrhalis; while beta-lactamase positive strains of m. catarrhalis require 1 mg/l. less than 1 mg/l is needed for escherichia coli, ...19921526673
[antimicrobial activities of ceftriaxone against clinically isolated strains].antibiotic activities (mics) of ceftriaxone (ctrx) against 1,210 strains of bacteria including 28 spp. isolated in 1987 and 1990 were compared with those of other cephems. 1. when compared to data on clinically isolated strains reported in the early 1980s, strains of the following species isolated in 1990 showed extremely elevated mic90s of ctrx: staphylococcus spp., streptococcus pneumoniae, escherichia coli, citrobacter spp., enterobacter spp., serratia spp., proteus vulgaris, morganella morga ...19921522669
in vitro activity and beta-lactamase stability of ljc 10,627.the in vitro activity of ljc 10,627, a new carbapenem, was compared with those of imipenem, cefotaxime, ceftazidime, and gentamicin. ljc 10,627 inhibited 90% of escherichia coli, klebsiella pneumoniae, klebsiella oxytoca, enterobacter aerogenes, enterobacter agglomerans, enterobacter cloacae, hafnia alvei, citrobacter freundii, citrobacter diversus, proteus mirabilis, morganella morganii, proteus rettgeri, serratia marcescens, pseudomonas cepacia, salmonellae, shigellae, aeromonas, and yersiniae ...19921510436
[synergistic action of cefodizime with other antimicrobial agents on clinically isolated microorganisms. ii. synergistic action with sisomicin].cefodizime (cdzm) possesses a broad antimicrobial spectrum and a relatively long half life in the blood. in addition, it shows excellent therapeutic efficacies in the treatment of infections in leukopenic animal models, hence it is expected that cdzm may have good efficacies against various infections in immunocompromised hosts. in the meantime, sisomicin (siso) not only has strong antibacterial activities against gram-negative rods (gnr), but has relatively low nephrotoxicity and ototoxicity. t ...19921495193
[antimicrobial activities of ceftazidime on fresh clinical isolates].antimicrobial activity of ceftazidime (caz) was compared with those of other cephem antibiotics against clinically isolated strains sent to us by medical institutions throughout japan in 1989 and 1991. those strains separated and identified from samples collected from patients with various infections were also examined, and the following results were obtained. 1. the results suggested that, compared with reports of studies conducted with clinical isolates in early 1980's, mic90 of caz in 1991 we ...19921494227
survey of the prevalence of beta-lactamases amongst 1000 gram-negative bacilli isolated consecutively at the royal london hospital.beta-lactamase expression was examined in 1000 consecutive gram-negative bacilli isolated from urine, wound swab, sputum or blood specimens received at the microbiology laboratory of the royal london hospital. this survey, performed between january and april, 1991, followed a similar study undertaken in early 1982. the distribution of species was similar in the two surveys, except that the proportion of pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates had increased from 11% in 1982 to 17.5% in the present study. ...19921490917
in vitro activity of ru 29246, the active compound of the cephalosporin prodrug ester hr 916.the in vitro activity of ru 29246 was compared with those of other agents against 536 recent clinical isolates. the mics of ru 29246 for 90% of members of the family enterobacteriaceae tested (mic90s) were less than 2 micrograms/ml except those for morganella spp. (16 micrograms/ml) and proteus spp. (8 micrograms/ml). ru 29246 was active against staphylococcus aureus (mic90, < or = 8 micrograms/ml) and against staphylococcus saprophyticus and coagulase-negative staphylococci (mic90s, < or = 2 mi ...19921489178
[basic and clinical study of meropenem in pediatric field].meropenem (mepm), a novel parenteral carbapenem antibiotic, was examined in a cooperative study involving 12 pediatric and 1 neonatologic facilities. the results are summarized as follows. 1. antibacterial activity antibacterial activity of mepm against stock organisms including 31 strains of streptococcus agalactiae, 14 of listeria monocytogenes, 4 of bordetella pertussis and 3 of neisseria meningitidis ranged from 0.025 to 0.10 micrograms/ml in mic90's, which were equal or lower than those of ...19921479687
analysis of polar lipids from some representative enterobacteria, plesiomonas and acinetobacter by fast atom bombardment-mass spectrometry.fast atom bombardment-mass spectrometry (fab-ms) was used to analyse lipid extracts of bacteria to assess its usefulness for analysing anionic phospholipids of potential chemotaxonomic value. the following micro-organisms were tested: acinetobacter calcoaceticus, acinetobacter sp., citrobacter freundii, enterobacter cloacae (2 strains), escherichia coli (3 strains), hafnia alvei, klebsiella oxytoca, klebsiella pneumoniae, morganella morganii, plesiomonas shigelloides, proteus mirabilis (3 strain ...19921447059
[antibacterial activities of sisomicin against fresh clinical isolates].to investigate antibacterial activities of sisomicin (siso), mics of siso as well as other aminoglycosides (ags) were determined against many clinical isolates which were obtained in 1991. results are summarized below: 1. no siso-resistant strains were observed among isolates of escherichia coli, citrobacter diversus, klebsiella pneumoniae, klebsiella oxytoca, enterobacter aerogenes, proteus mirabilis and morganella morganii. 2. in comparison with the results of our previous study against isolat ...19921433905
cefdinir (fk482), an orally administered cephalosporin in vitro activity comparison against recent clinical isolates from five medical centers and determination of mic quality control guidelines.cefdinir, a new oral cephalosporin, was compared to cefaclor, cefadroxil, cefixime, and cefuroxime against greater than 5000 recent aerobic clinical isolates. this multicenter study revealed broad-spectrum cefdinir activity against all enterobacteriaceae (mic50s, 0.06-2 micrograms/ml) except enterobacter cloacae, morganella morganii, proteus vulgaris, and serratia marcescens (mic50s, greater than or equal to 4 micrograms/ml). oxacillin-susceptible staphylococci (mic90s, 0.5-2 micrograms/ml), bet ...19921424507
in vitro activity and susceptibility to hydrolysis of s-1006.the in vitro activity of s-1006, the active component of a new orally absorbed cephalosporin, s-1108, inhibited 90% of staphylococcus aureus isolates at less than or equal to 2 micrograms/ml, 90% of group a, b, c, f, and g streptococci and streptococcus pneumoniae isolates at less than or equal to 0.12 microgram/ml, and all haemophilus influenzae isolates at less than or equal to 0.06 microgram/ml. although 50% of the members of the family enterobacteriaceae were inhibited by less than or equal ...19921416835
comparative in vitro activity and beta-lactamase stability of ru29246, the active metabolite of hr916b.hr 916b is a new orally absorbed cephalosporin. in tests its active metabolite, ru29246, inhibited streptococcus pyogenes, streptococcus agalactiae and streptococcus pneumoniae at less than or equal to 0.12 micrograms/ml, which is similar to the antibacterial activity of cefuroxime, and was more active than cefaclor. it was also more active (mic 2 micrograms/ml) than cefixime, cefuroxime, cefaclor and cefotaxime against staphylococci. ru29246 inhibited escherichia coli, klebsiella pneumoniae, ci ...19921396779
recognition of morganella subspecies, with proposal of morganella morganii subsp. morganii subsp. nov. and morganella morganii subsp. sibonii subsp. nov.the genus name morganella was established within the family enterobacteriaceae in 1978. morganella morganii is the only species described thus far within this genus, and the name m. morganii has been accepted by usage in the scientific community for strains previously known as proteus morganii. m. morganii isolates differ in their abilities to ferment trehalose and exhibit variable lysine and ornithine decarboxylase patterns, emphasizing the phenotypic heterogeneity within this species. previous ...19921390112
production and purification of l-phenylalanine oxidase from morganella morganii.an enzyme fraction, acting predominantly on l-phenylalanine has been purified and characterized from morganella morganii. the total envelope was prepared by disrupting the cells with a french press followed by high speed centrifugation. after solubilization of the particulate fraction with 0.1% triton x-100 and then centrifugation, the resulting supernatant was layered onto a deae-cellulose column. active fractions eluted were applied to a phenyl-sepharose cl-4b column as the final purification ...19911368081
[occurrence of p.fimbrii in strains from selected genera of enterobacteriaceae].this study was aimed at recognition of frequency of occurrence of p fimbriae in strains of escherichia coli isolated from samples of feces of children with symptoms of diarrhoea and at search of these adhesions in strains representing other than escherichia genera of enterobacteriaceae strains. one hundred forty laboratory strains were investigated. they belonged to genus citrobacter, enterobacter, hafnia, klebsiella, morganella, proteus, providencia, salmonella, shigella, and yersinia. also wer ...19921363960
epidemiological role of arthropods detectable in health facilities.a total of 161 arthropod specimens were collected from 55 sites in a health care facility during july and september 1990. of the 116 bacterial isolates obtained from their body surfaces 6% were from parasites (mosquitoes), 59% from eusynanthropic arthropods (tenebrionid beetles, flies, german cockroaches, wasps), 16% from hemisynanthropic arthropods (ants, spiders) and 19% from occasionally encountered insects (non-biting midges, moths, beetles). most (88%) of the isolated bacteria were gram-neg ...19921350604
horizontal transfer of a phosphatase gene as evidence for mosaic structure of the salmonella genome.the genomes of escherichia coli and salmonella typhimurium are similar with respect to base composition, chromosome size, and the order, orientation and spacing of genes, but differ with respect to some 29 'loops', regions unique to one species. to evaluate the genetic basis for the structure and organization of the enteric bacterial genomes, we examined the gene encoding a non-specific acid phosphatase (phon) which maps to a loop at 96 min on the s.typhimurium chromosome. we detected atypical b ...19921339343
susceptibility of recent clinical isolates to temafloxacin (a-63004) and other antimicrobial agents.in vitro susceptibility of 1008 strains of recent clinical isolates was determined against the new aryl fluoroquinolone temafloxacin (t-167, a-63004) ciprofloxacin, norfloxacin, ampicillin, piperacillin, cephalothin, cefoxitin, ceftazidime, gentamicin, amikacin, oxacillin and vancomycin. the minimum inhibitory concentrations (mics) of temafloxacin in micrograms/ml required for > or = 90% isolates were 0.13-0.5 for enterobacter, 0.03-0.25 for escherichia coli, 0.12-0.5 for klebsiella, 0.5-1.0 for ...19921338041
modified macconkey medium which allows simple and reliable identification of providencia stuartii.this work describes a modified macconkey medium (mcp medium) enabling the simple identification of providencia stuartii, an emerging nosocomial pathogen. a total of 813 strains, belonging to the families enterobacteriaceae and pseudomonadaceae, were tested on mcp medium; all p. stuartii strains were phosphatase positive, as were 97.5% of morganella morganii strains, in contrast with all other tested organisms. a simple discriminating test, such as the ornithine or citrate test, allowed identific ...19921323575
detection of ciprofloxacin resistance in gram-negative bacteria due to alterations in gyra.two plasmids containing the cloned escherichia coli wild-type gyra gene were used to transform ciprofloxacin-resistant gram-negative clinical isolates to screen for dna gyrase a-mediated quinolone resistance. the results show that the technique is simple and applicable to a wide range of gram-negative species including e. coli, enterobacter cloacae, klebsiella aerogenes, morganella morganii, proteus mirabilis, pseudomonas aeruginosa, campylobacter jejuni and neisseria gonorrhoeae. the use of an ...19921310671
[the antigenic relationships of morganella].interspecies relationships in the genus morganella have been studied in the agglutination and adsorption tests. new data on the antigenic relationships of o groups o43 and o49 and more precise data on the antigenic relationships of o groups o1 to o42 have been obtained. for the first time the relationships of antigens 40 and 42 with 4, 35 and 31, 38 and 39, 9 and 45, 1a, d and 49; 45 and 47, 24 and 45; 5, 23, 26 with 47; 1, 19, 46 with 41, 48 have been described and the complete identity of o an ...19921281595
new serotypes of morganella morganii.on the basis of 8 new o and 11 new h antigens determined in 22 strains, the morganella morganii antigenic schema was supplemented with 8 serogroups (o35-o42) and 13 serotypes. four strains belonged to o groups described earlier and 2 strains contained new o antigens in combination with known o antigens. known h antigens were present in one strain as a single factor and in one strain as combination of two factors. new h antigens were demonstrated in 5 serotypes in combination with known h antigen ...19751155231
[in vitro examination on antibacterial activities of broad-spectrum antibiotics against gram-negative clinical isolates (author's transl)].in vitro studies were undertaken on clinically isolated strains of various bacteria to examine the antibacterial activity of ampicillin (ab-pc), carbenicillin (cb-pc), sulbenicillin (sb-pc) cephalothin (cet), cefazolin (cez) and gentamicin (gm). fifty three % of escherichia coli strains 53.3% of citrobacter sp., 80% of proteus mirabilis, 42.9% of morganella and 80% of bacteroides sp. were susceptible (mic being not higher than 12.5 mug/ml) to ab-pc. the eight other species were not so susceptibl ...19751104913
[microbiological characteristics of bacteria of the genera proteus and morganella isolated from ill and healthy children]. 19751094728
[bacteria of the genus morganella]. 1976782106
o antigen grouping of morganella morganii (proteus morganii) by slide agglutination.antisera were prepared against morganella morganii (proteus morganii) type strains from the scheme described by rauss et al. (acta microbiol. acad. sci. hung. 22:315--321, 1975) and raus and vörös (acta microbiol. acad. sci. hung. 6:233--248, 1959; acta microbiol. acad. sci. hung. 14:195--198, 1967). the specificities of the somatic (o) antigens were studied using the passive hemagglutination and slide agglutination techniques. previously unreported interstrain relations were observed, and o gro ...1979500798
antigenic relationship between morganella morganii and yersinia enterocolitica.two new o antigens have been described for the morganella morganii antigenic schema. o antigens of the strains representing the new serotypes (o43 :h2 and o44 : h19, 37) are related to yersinia enterocolitica o9 and o17, respectively.197659520
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