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salmonella enteritidis: ampc plasmid-mediated inducible beta-lactamase (dha-1) with an ampr gene from morganella morganii.dha-1, a plasmid-mediated cephalosporinase from a single clinical salmonella enteritidis isolate, conferred resistance to oxyimino-cephalosporins (cefotaxime and ceftazidime) and cephamycins (cefoxitin and moxalactam), and this resistance was transferable to escherichia coli hb101. an antagonism was observed between cefoxitin and aztreonam by the diffusion method. transformation of the transconjugant e. coli strain with plasmid pnh5 carrying the ampd gene (whose product decreases the level of ex ...19989736562
bacterial isolates from california sea lions (zalophus californianus), harbor seals (phoca vitulina), and northern elephant seals (mirounga angustirostris) admitted to a rehabilitation center along the central california coast, 1994-1995.in 2 yr of bacteriologic culturing of 297 california sea lions (zalophus californianus), 154 harbor seals (phoca vitulina), and 89 northern elephant seals (mirounga angustirostris) stranded alive along the california coast, the most frequent isolates from inflammatory lesions in live animals were escherichia coli, streptococcus viridans, listeria ivanovii, beta-hemolytic streptococcus spp., and enterococcus spp. this is the first report of l. ivanovii isolation from a marine mammal. the common i ...19989732032
[pharmacokinetic, bacteriological and clinical evaluation of tazobactam/piperacillin in pediatrics].pharmacokinetic, bacteriological and clinical studies were performed in pediatrics on tazobactam/piperacillin (taz/pipc), a combined drug of a new beta-lactamase inhibitor tazobactam and piperacillin at a ratio of 1:4. 1. serum levels and urinary excretions of taz, pipc and desethyl piperacillin (det-pipc), a metabolite of pipc, after one shot intravenous administration of 50 mg/kg of taz/pipc to two children (6-7 years old) were investigated. the serum taz level at 0.08 hour was 50.8-51.0 micro ...19989693967
molecular characterization of a tem-21 beta-lactamase in a clinical isolate of morganella morganii.a clinical isolate of morganella morganii, with reduced susceptibility to expanded-spectrum cephalosporins and aztreonam, was found to produce an extended-spectrum beta-lactamase with a pi of 6.4. the nucleotide sequence of the encoding gene was that of the gene encoding tem-21. this is the first molecular characterization of an extended-spectrum beta-lactamase in m. morganii.19989687421
important and emerging beta-lactamase-mediated resistances in hospital-based pathogens: the amp c enzymes.resistance to third-generation cephalosporins mediated by beta-lactamases is an increasing problem for clinical therapeutics. a wide range of enterobacteriaceae produce these ampc enzymes (bush-jacoby-medeiros group 1), including enterobacter spp., citrobacter freundii, morganella morganii, providencia spp., and serratia marcescens. resistance via this mechanism has been shown to be statistically correlated with the use of some third-generation cephalosporins, and the infections caused by these ...19989635237
imipenem resistance in aerobic gram-negative bacteria.a prospective study was undertaken to observe the emergence of resistance to imipenem, if any, among aerobic gram-negative bacteria. a total of 736 isolates were tested during 1994-95 and less than 1% of them were resistant to imipenem, whereas the next year ('95-'96) the rate increased to 11 of the 903 isolates tested. the resistant isolates during '94-'95 were all stenotrophomonas maltophilia whereas the spectrum of resistant bacterial species increased in '95-'96 to include pseudomonas aerugi ...19989603633
interactions of beta-lactamases with sanfetrinem (gv 104326) compared to those with imipenem and with oral beta-lactams.sanfetrinem is a trinem beta-lactam which can be administered orally as a hexatil ester. we examined whether its beta-lactamase interactions resembled those of the available carbapenems, i.e., stable to ampc and extended-spectrum beta-lactamases but labile to class b and functional group 2f enzymes. the comparator drugs were imipenem, oral cephalosporins, and amoxicillin. mics were determined for beta-lactamase expression variants, and hydrolysis was examined directly with representative enzymes ...19989593145
identification and natural antibiotic susceptibility of morganella morganii.our data should elucidate whether or not natural antibiotic susceptibility can be used as an aid for subspecies or biovar discrimination of morganella morganii (ii). furthermore, our goal was to create a database of the natural susceptibility of m. morganii (iii) and we were interested in the relative frequency of the recently described subspecific taxa (i). on the basis of trehalose fermentation (tre), ornithine decarboxylase (odc), and lysine decarboxylase (ldc) activities, we determined the b ...19989572021
unusual case of postoperative infection caused by morganella morganii.morganella morganii is a facultative gram-negative anaerobe present in the human gastrointestinal system as normal flora. clinically, the organism is important when it manifests as an opportunistic pathogenic infection elsewhere in the body. this paper reviews an unusual case in which m. morganii is the pathogen responsible for a devastating postoperative infection in a diabetic patient. currently, there are no known reported cases in the literature of m. morganii as an etiologic pathogen for a ...19989571462
bacterial acid phosphatase gene fusions useful as targets for cloning-dependent insertional inactivation.the morganella morganii phoc gene, encoding a class a acid phosphatase, was used to generate gene fusions with modified amino-terminal moieties of the escherichia coli lacz gene carrying a multiple-cloning site flanked by phage-specific promoters and recognition sites for universal sequencing primers. the corresponding hybrid proteins retained a phoc-like enzymatic activity which is easily detectable by a plate histochemical assay, rendering similar gene fusions potentially useful as targets for ...19989548775
case of chorioamnionitis in an immunocompetent woman caused by morganella morganii.morganella morganii is an opportunistic organism that leads to serious morbidity. it is an enteric organism commonly associated with immunocompromise and chronic urinary catheterization. we present a case of a healthy gravid individual who presented with chorioamnionitis and neonatal seizures associated with m. morganii. this organism, which causes severe morbidity, is fortunately rare in obstetrics and gynecology.19989502663
changing trends in frequency and antimicrobial resistance of urinary pathogens in outpatient clinics and a hospital in southern israel, 1991-1995.in order to monitor changes in the frequency and antimicrobial resistance of urinary pathogens over several years, urinary cultures received from outpatient clinics and from a hospital during a period of one month each in 1991 and 1995 were analyzed at a clinical microbiology laboratory. in 1991 and 1995, 1366 and 1534 significant monomicrobic cultures respectively were reviewed. the frequency of escherichia coli dropped significantly in the outpatient clinics from 70.5% to 61.2% (p < 0.0001). t ...19979447906
nitrate-reducing bacteria in diversion colitis: a clue to inflammation?a pathogenic role of nitric oxide has been suggested in acute and chronic intestinal inflammation. we took the opportunity offered by studies in patients with excluded colon, which represents a model of chronic intestinal inflammation with no exogenous nitrite or nitrate supply, to evaluate the quantity and the quality of nitrate reducers in diversion colitis. thirty patients (17 men, 13 women, mean age 45 years) having an excluded colon for various reasons were sampled by rectal swabs and compa ...19979440640
[monotherapy with meropenem in febrile granulocytopenic patients].infection remains the major cause of morbidity and mortality for cancer patients who become granulocytopenic. combinations of beta-lactams plus aminoglycosides have been the standard empiric therapy for febrile granulocytopenic patients, especially those with profound long-lasting granulocytopenia. the advent of new broad-spectrum cephalosporins and carbapenems has favoured the possibility of empiric monotherapy. meropenem is a parenteral carbapenem antibiotic stable to renal dehydropeptidase-i ...19979410073
3-methylaspartate ammonia-lyase as a marker enzyme of the mesaconate pathway for (s)-glutamate fermentation in enterobacteriaceae.the enzyme 3-methylaspartase (3-methylaspartate ammonia-lyase, ec 4. 3.1.2) was found in the cells of enteric bacteria, especially in the genera citrobacter and morganella, that were grown under anoxic and oxygen-limited conditions. the enzymes were purified to homogeneity from the cell-free extracts of 18 active strains and had similar enzymological properties such as action on columns, specific activity, molecular weight, subunit structure, and n-terminal amino acid sequence similarity. the pr ...19979385136
relapsing henoch-schönlein purpura associated with a tubo-ovarian abscess due to morganella morganii.henoch-schönlein purpura is the most common vasculitis in children. it is frequently preceded by either viral or bacterial infections of the upper respiratory tract. we present a 15-year-old female who developed recurrent episodes of henoch-schönlein purpura. eventual investigation of the patient's abdominal pain, initially attributed to vasculitis involving the gastrointestinal tract, revealed a left tubo-ovarian abscess caused by morganella morganii. salpingo-oophorectomy resulted in complete ...19979382169
evaluation of bbl chromagar orientation medium for detection and presumptive identification of urinary tract pathogens.the microbiological performance of bbl chromagar orientation medium and cps id2 agar was compared to that of columbia agar with 5% sheep blood and macconkey agar without crystal violet for the enumeration and presumptive identification of bacteria responsible for urinary tract infections. of a total of 658 clinical urine specimens, 118 specimens yielded no growth, 402 specimens yielded growth with cell counts of > or = 10(5) cfu/ml, and 138 specimens yielded growth with cell counts of < 10(5) cf ...19979350731
plasmid-encoded fosfomycin resistance in bacteria isolated from the urinary tract in a multicentre survey.sixty out of 219 fosfomycin-resistant bacteria selected from more than 7400 urinary pathogens in an epidemiological multicentre survey performed in italy were screened for plasmid genes fosa and fosb conferring fosfomycin resistance. only five strains, three enterobacteria and two staphylococci, carried plasmids harbouring, respectively, fosa and fosb genes. fosfomycin resistance in the other isolates was caused by an alteration of the chromosomally encoded glpt transport system. one strain, mor ...19979338493
occurrence and detection of extended-spectrum beta-lactamases in members of the family enterobacteriaceae at a veterans medical center: seek and you may find.a total of 907 consecutive isolates of members of the family enterobacteriaceae recovered during a 20-week period were tested for production of extended-spectrum beta-lactamases (esbls) by the double-disk (dd) potentiation method. of 84 dd-positive isolates, 83 (9.2%) produced esbls based on isoelectric focusing. shv-derived esbls and several tem-derived esbls were present in nine species, including the first isolate of citrobacter koserii and morganella morganii known to harbor an shv-derived e ...19979316913
morganella morganii: a newly reported, rare cause of neonatal sepsis.this case report reviews the clinical course of an 11-day-old boy who developed late-onset neonatal sepsis secondary to a rare neonatal pathogen, morganella morganii. this gram-negative enteric bacterium, within the enterobacteriaceae family, has most commonly been a nosocomial pathogen in debilitated, postsurgical patients. like many other enterobacteriaceae, m. morganii has an inducible beta-lactamase and is resistant to multiple antibiotics. when caring for neonates with culture-proven m. mor ...19979223696
in-vitro activity of trovafloxacin against sensitive and resistant aerobic bacteria using the standard microdilution broth method and etest.a comparison of mics of trovafloxacin (cp-99,219) determined by the standard microdilution broth method versus the etest was performed for multiple strains of gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria. a comparison was also made of the in-vitro activity of trovafloxacin versus ciprofloxacin and ofloxacin. the mic50 and mic90 were determined by both methods for each species tested. the etest resulted in mics one to two dilutions higher than the microdilution broth method. trovafloxacin was the mos ...19979222068
susceptibility pattern of uropathogenic gram negative bacilli to antimicrobial chemotherapeutic agents in a national hospital in dar es salaam.in a period of two months, 232 consecutive urinary tract pathogens were isolated from hospitalised and non-hospitalised patients. among the isolates, 200 (86.2%) were gram negative bacilli, including e. coli 109 (54.5%), klebsiella species, 44 (22.5%), enterobacter species 19 (9.5%), proteus species 18 (9%), morganella morganii 9 (4.5%) and salmonella typhimurium, one (0.5%). antimicrobial susceptibility testing to amoxycillin/clavulanic acid, nitrofurantoin, gentamicin and cefuroxime was perfor ...19979185413
[validation of tkt medium for detection of streptococcus agalactiae in bulk milk samples].a selective medium for quantitative determination of streptococcus agalactiae in bulk milk samples was tested. among the medium bases, edwards medium (ew) supplemented with 6 to 9% (v/v) of carefully washed sheep erythrocytes was proved to be best (tab. v). the production of sphingomyelinasis c (bhe, tab. ii) or d (corex, tab. i) as a supplement supporting the formation of specific hemolytic zones in the medium, was tested in four strains of staphylococcus aureus and seven strains of corynebacte ...19979182394
antibacterial activity of bms-180680, a new catechol-containing monobactam.the in vitro activities of a new catechol-containing monobactam, bms-180680 (sq 84,100), were compared to those of aztreonam, ceftazidime, imipenem, piperacillin-tazobactam, ciprofloxacin, amikacin, and trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole. bms-180680 was often the most active compound against many species of the family enterobacteriaceae, with mics at which 90% of the isolates were inhibited (mic90s) of < or = 0.5 microg/ml for escherichia coli, klebsiella spp., citrobacter diversus, enterobacter aero ...19979145861
prevalence of pathogenic role of morganella-proteus providencia-group of bacteria in human faeces.speculation in literature that organisms of the morganella-proteus-providencia (mpp) group can cause diarrhoea led to the present studies which investigated their occurrence and pathogenic role in human faeces. faecal specimens were collected from a total of 307 subjects, 80 of which were from diarrhoea cases and 277 from healthy controls. ninety-two species of the mpp (24/80 diarrhoea and 68/277 control) were isolated from 30% of all subjects. none of the species of the mpp group was significan ...19969110049
bactericidal activity of cefodizime on enterobacteriaceae in an in-vitro model simulating plasma pharmacokinetics in humans.an in-vitro dialysis model was employed to assess the feasibility of once-daily dosing of cefodizime in the treatment of infections caused by various enterobacteriaceae: escherichia coli, klebsiella pneumoniae, morganella morganii, serratia marcescens, providencia stuartii and enterobacter cloacae. this model simulated the concentrations of cefodizime detected in human blood after an intravenous (i.v.) bolus injection of 1 g or 2 g of the antibiotic. validation of the model was undertaken to con ...19979069535
cloning and sequencing of the gene encoding the ampc beta-lactamase of morganella morganii.the chromosomal beta-lactamase gene of a clinical isolate of morganella morganii was cloned in escherichia coli and sequenced. the beta-lactamase had a pi of 7.4 and conferred a typical ampc susceptibility pattern. the insert obtained was found to encode a protein of 379 amino acids. its deduced amino acid sequence revealed it to be a class c beta-lactamase: 39-56% identity with chromosomal ampc beta-lactamases of serratia marcescens, yersinia enterocolitica, citrobacter freundii, enterobacter c ...19979066104
morganella morganii postoperative endophthalmitis. 19979059257
[fluoroquinolone and aminoglycoside resistance in chromosomal cephalosporinase-overproducing gram-negative bacilli strains with inducible beta-lactamase].the increasing prevalence of stable derepressed mutants over-producers of type i chromosomal cephalosporinase in inducible enterobacteriaceae and pseudomonas aeruginosa challenges the adequacy of third generation cephalosporins in the empirical treatment of certain nosocomial infections. we sought to determine the frequency of stable over-producers of type i enzyme and their associated resistance to fluoroquinolones and aminoglycosides.19969044634
the in-vitro activity of faropenem, a novel oral penem.the in-vitro activity of faropenem, a novel oral penem, was studied in comparison with other beta-lactam antimicrobials against 711 recent clinical isolates including gram-negative, gram-positive and anaerobic bacteria. mic data showed that faropenem was active against most members of the enterobacteriaceae (mics < or = 4 mg/l), with reduced activity against serratia spp. (mic90 = 32 mg/l). in common with its comparators, faropenem had weak activity against pseudomonas aeruginosa and stenotropho ...19979044026
[antimicrobial activities of cefetamet against clinical isolates from urinary tract infection].in order to evaluate antimicrobial activity of cefetamet (cemt), minimum inhibitory concentrations (mics) of cemt and control drugs were determined against gram-negative rods mainly from complicated urinary tract infections examined in our laboratory from april to september of 1994. the results are summarized as follows; 1. the obtained strains were citrobacter diversus 20, citrobacter freundii 30, enterobacter aerogenes 20, enterobacter cloacae 30, serratia marcescens 30, proteus mirabilis 30, ...19969032594
upper urinary tract stones & ureaplasma urealyticum.extensive culture of stones and of pre-operative and renal pelvic urine for isolation of bacteria and ureaplasma urealyticum were performed in 70 patients of nephrolithiasis. stones were subjected to biochemical analysis and scanning electron microscopy. micro-organisms were isolated from 33 (47%) of 70 renal stones. of the 38 species of micro-organisms isolated, 14 were urea-splitting (u. urealyticum 2; klebsiella pneumoniae 8; morganella morganii 1; acinetobacter spp 3) and 24 were nonurea spl ...19979029830
[cytolysins and homologous proteins produced by gram-negative bacteria. ii. hemolysins of aeromonas, serratia, proteus and morganella and proteins from gram-negative bacteria related to cytolysins].this article presents the genetic determination, synthesis and activation of hemolysins produced by mentioned above bacteria, as well as the possible role of these toxins in the pathogenicity. all these cytolysins are related to rtx proteins presented to the previous paper. the short information about cytotoxic proteins from other gram-negative bacteria (p. aeruginosa, k. pneumoniae, vibrionaceae, g. vaginalis) and homologous proteins from e. chrysanthemi and r. leguminosarum biovar viciae are a ...19969019745
the most frequent aminoglycoside resistance mechanisms--changes with time and geographic area: a reflection of aminoglycoside usage patterns? aminoglycoside resistance study groups.the aminoglycoside resistance mechanisms revealed by two surveys in europe and other countries have been compared to those revealed in earlier studies. mechanisms have become more complex in all bacterial groups. in providencia, serratia, pseudomonas, acinetobacter, and staphylococcus species isolates, genus-specific mechanisms were very common, and it was not possible to see differences between different geographic areas. in other enterobacteriaceae, the increasing complexity of mechanisms was ...19978994779
scope of urinary pathogens isolated in the public health bacteriology laboratory, harare: antibiotic susceptibility patterns of isolates and incidence of haemolytic bacteria.to determine the scope of urinary pathogens isolated in the public health bacteriology laboratory, their antibiotic susceptibility patterns and the incidence of haemolytic bacteria in harare.19968990570
[antimicrobial activity of cefodizime against clinical isolates].in order to evaluate antimicrobial activity of cefodizime (cdzm), minimum inhibitory concentrations (mics) of cdzm and control drugs were determined against clinical isolates collected from nation-wide medical institutions and in our laboratory from september to december of 1992 and from september to december of 1995. the results are summarized as follows: 1. bacterial species with no or few strains resistant to cdzm included streptococcus pyogenes, haemophilus influenzae, citrobacter koseri, pr ...19968986558
a bifunctional urease enhances survival of pathogenic yersinia enterocolitica and morganella morganii at low ph.to infect a susceptible host, the gastrointestinal pathogen yersinia enterocolitica must survive passage through the acid environment of the stomach. in this study, we showed that y. enterocolitica serotype o8 survives buffered acidic conditions as low as ph 1.5 for long periods of time provided urea is available. acid tolerance required an unusual cytoplasmically located urease that was activated 780-fold by low-ph conditions. acid tolerance of helicobacter species has also been attributed to u ...19968932305
a simple method to detect bacteriolytic enzymes produced by enterobacteriaceae.the production of bacteriolytic enzymes by enterobacteriaceae in various growth conditions was investigated. peptone-based media containing killed gram-negative cells facilitated detection of bacteriolytic enzyme production in the highest number of species. these belonged to the genera serratia, proteus, morganella and providencia. in contrast, escherichia coli, shigella, salmonella, klebsiella, enterobacter and citrobacter species did not produce bacteriolytic activities in any of the condition ...19968893522
a study of nosocomial diarrhea in calcutta.nosocomial infection is a major problem in hospitalized patients, particularly those who are debilitated. these infections may manifest as diarrhea. the spectrum of infections agents causing nosocomial diarrhea in our country is not known.19968840619
pyomyositis caused by morganella morganii in a patient with aids. 19968838200
[evaluation of the usefulness of tests for production of beta-d-glucuronidase and propylene glycol utilization for the differentiation of enterobacteriaceae rods].the aim of the study was to inquire about the diagnostic usefulness of determining the activity of glucuronidase and utilisation of propylene glycol in enterobacteriaceae rods. the study included 1511 strains: 411- e. coli, 278 - klebsiella, 231 - salmonella, 159 - yersinia, 97 - citrobacter, 75 - shigella and 260 strains representing 6 other kinds of enteric rods. determination was performed in a liquid medium containing in 1 ml 25 mcg mug and 100 mcg onpg. propylene glycol (pg) utilisation was ...19958833927
[antimicrobial activities of tosufloxacin against recently obtained clinical isolates].to evaluate antimicrobial activities of tosufloxacin (tflx), minimum inhibitory concentrations (mics) of tflx and other drugs were determined against clinical isolates that were obtained in our laboratory from february of 1993 to january of 1994 (period i), and from february of 1995 to january of 1996 (period ii). the results are summarized as follows: 1. compared to mic90's reported by others for tflx in the 1980's, those obtained by us against beta-streptococci, streptococcus pneumoniae, pepto ...19968828073
[putaminal abscess occurring at the site of hemorrhage: a case report].brain abscesses following stroke have been reported only rarely. we presented a case of putaminal abscess following putaminal hemorrhage. the patient was admitted to our hospital because of acute onset of left hemiplegia. the size of the hematoma was medium and the patient was conservatively treated. in about two months after the ictus, he became intermittently febrile and laboratory examinations suggested the presence of general infections including meningitis. meanwhile, ct and mri revealed cl ...19968827738
[in vitro and in vivo antibacterial activities of sulopenem, a new penem antibiotic].the in vitro and in vivo antibacterial activities of sulopenem, a new penem, were evaluated in comparison with imipenem (ipm), meropenem (mepm), ceftazidime (caz) and flomoxef (fmox). sulopenem had broad and potent antibacterial spectra against gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria, including enterococcus faecalis, proteus vulgaris, morganella morganii, enterobacter spp. and citrobacter freundii. sulopenem showed concentration-dependent bactericidal activities against staphylococcus aureus, e ...19968786626
[in vitro antibacterial activity of a new parenteral penem, sulopenem].eighty percent minimum inhibitory concentrations (mic80) of sulopenem against clinically isolated 12 to 80 strains of each of different bacteria were as follows: methicillin-susceptible staphylococcus aureus (mssa): 0.20 micrograms/ml, methicillin-resistant s. aureus (mrsa): 50 micrograms/ml, coagulase-negative staphylococci: 3.13 micrograms/ml, streptococcus pyogenes: < or = 0.013 microgram/ml, streptococcus pneumoniae: < or = 0.013 microgram/ml, beta-streptococci: 0.05 microgram/ml, enterococc ...19968786624
prevalence, antimicrobial properties and beta-lactamase production of haemolytic enterobacteria in patients with diarrhoea and urinary tract infections in legos, nigeria.to determine the prevalence, antimicrobial properties and beta-lactamase production of haemolytic enterobacteria in patients with diarrhoea and urinary tract infections in lagos, nigeria.19968771935
a comparative study of the bbl crystal enteric/nonfermenter identification system and the biomerieux api20e and api20ne identification systems after overnight incubation.the bbl crystal enteric/nonfermenter (crystal, becton dickinson microbiology systems) is a new multi-test identification system for gram negative rods requiring no oil overlay or addition of reagents. one hundred and three selected gram negative rod isolates from routine clinical specimens were tested in parallel using the appropriate api20e or api20ne (biomerieux) reading after overnight incubation. the isolates included in the study, and the number tested, were as follows: acinetobacter sp, 8; ...19958771156
inhibitory effect of spices on in vitro histamine production and histidine decarboxylase activity of morganella morganii and on the biogenic amine formation in mackerel stored at 30 degrees c.the inhibitory effects of clove, cinnamon, cardamom, turmeric and pepper on the histamine production and histidine decarboxylase activity of morganella morganii (a potent histamine-producing bacteria in fish) was examined at 30 degrees c using hplc. cinnamon and clove exhibited a significant (p < 0.01) inhibitory effect, whereas turmeric and cardamom had a moderate effect. these spices were applied to whole mackerel at a level of 3% and their inhibitory effect on biogenic amine formation at 30 d ...19968765991
identification and characterization of phon-sf, a gene on the large plasmid of shigella flexneri 2a encoding a nonspecific phosphatase.a gene encoding a nonspecific phosphatase, named phon-sf, was identified on the large virulence plasmid (pmysh6000) of shigella flexneri 2a ysh6000. the phosphatase activity in ysh6000 was observed under high-phosphate conditions. however, it was found that low-phosphate conditions induced a slightly higher level of activity. the nucleotide sequence of the phon-sf region cloned from pmysh6000 possessing the phon-sf gene encoded 249 amino acids with a typical signal sequence at the n terminus. th ...19968755883
biochemical investigations of biogroups and subspecies of morganella morganii.we determined the subspecies and biogroup designations for 73 strains of morganella morganii principally recovered from routine clinical specimens. on the basis of trehalose fermentation, 90% of all strains were identified as m. morganii subsp. morganii (trehalose negative), while the remaining 10% were designated m. morganii subsp. sibonii (trehalose positive). using three tests (ornithine decarboxylase [odc] and lysine decarboxylase [ldc] activities and susceptibility to tetracycline), we dete ...19968748284
[value of media containing chromogenic substrates for the identification and the listing of urinary bacteria].performance in terms of enumeration, growth and identification with a new culture medium (cps id2, biomérieux) was evaluated using 405 urine samples and 244 collection strains. the cps id2 medium contains chromogenic substrates enabling the detection of 4 bacterial enzymes which leads to the identification of colonies: escherichia coli, proteus mirabilis, proteus-morganella-providencia and enterococci. no discrepancies in the enumeration were observed with the collected strains and urine samples ...19958746095
distribution of diaminopropane and acetylspermidine in enterobacteriaceae.polyamines of 97 strains (60 species) belonging to 18 genera of the family enterobacteriaceae were determined by high performance liquid chromatographic analysis. in addition to putrescine and cadavarine, diaminopropane was widely distributed in enterobacteriaceae and almost ubiquitously within enterobacter, pantoea, erwinia, leminorella, proteus, leclercia, morganella, klebsiella, hafnia, rahnella, serratia, and tatumella species and sporadically within citrobacter, escherichia, moellerella, pr ...19968742354
regulation of the escherichia coli s10 ribosomal protein operon by heterologous l4 ribosomal proteins.we have cloned the l4 ribosomal protein genes from morganella morganii and haemophilus influenza. the sequences of these genes were compared with published sequences for escherichia coli, yersinia pseudotuberculosis, and bacillus stearothermophilus. all five of these l4 genes were expressed in e. coli and shown to function as repressors of both transcription and translation of the e. coli s10 operon. possible implications for regulation of r-protein synthesis in species other e. coli are discuss ...19958722027
piperacillin/tazobactam in the treatment of hospitalized patients with urinary tract infections: an open non-comparative and multicentered trial.the aim of this multicentered, prospective and open study was to determine the clinical and bacteriological efficacy and safety of piperacillin/tazobactam (4g/500 mg iv tid) in the treatment of 79 adult patients with complicated urinary tract infections (uti) requiring hospitalization. forty-seven women and 32 men (mean age 54.2 years, and range 21-91) from 4 argentinean and 6 mexican hospitals were enrolled. sixty-one clinically and bacteriologically evaluable patients were treated for a mean o ...19968708743
isolation and characterisation of dog uropathogenic proteus mirabilis strains.proteus mirabilis strains isolated from the urine of dogs with urinary tract infections, were characterised with respect to the production of haemolysin and fimbriae. in contrast to healthy dogs, p. mirabilis was also isolated in high numbers from the faeces of dogs suffering from recurrent urinary tract infections. production of fimbriae was demonstrated by electron microscopy and the presence of genes for two different types of major fimbrial subunits (mr/p-like or uca-like) was demonstrated b ...19968701578
belgian multicentre study on the in vitro activity of cefepime against gram-negative bacilli.the in vitro activity of cefepime has been compared with that of cefotaxime, ceftazidime, aztreonam, and piperacillin against 1826 enterobacteriaceae including 537 inducible enterobacteriaceae (enterobacter spp., serratia spp., citrobacter spp,. morganella morganii) and 572 non-fermenters, including 401 pseudomonas aeruginosa and 111 acinebacter spp. isolated from hospitalized patients in 28 belgian hospitals. overall, cefepime was found substantially more active than the third-generation cephal ...19968669160
incidence of histamine-forming bacteria and histamine content in scombroid fish species from retail markets in the barcelona area.incidence and diversity of histidine decarboxylating bacteria were determined in samples of tunafish, bonito and mackerel purchased at different retail markets. histamine-forming bacteria occurred in a low proportion and always accounted for less than 0.1% of the total bacterial load in the fish samples studied. similarly, histamine content in fish samples also was low ( < 25 ppm) and all of them met current histamine standards established by the european union. histamine was found in 83.3% of t ...19968652349
morganella morganii pericarditis after resolvent splenectomy for immune pancytopenia following allogeneic bone marrow transplantation for acute lymphoblastic leukemia. 19958645811
[clinical and laboratory significance of inducible beta-lactamases].many species of bacteria have inducible expression of beta-lactamase and the enzyme production in these bacteria is normally held at a low level by a repressor mechanism, but in the presence of a beta-lactamase inducer this repression is lifted and enzyme production is greatly increased. inducible synthesis of beta-lactamase was first described for the gram-positive organism bacillus licheniformis. after that inducible expression of beta-lactamase was discovered in gram-negative bacteria like en ...19958643019
the changing nature of aminoglycoside resistance mechanisms and the role of isepamicin--a new broad-spectrum aminoglycoside. the aminoglycoside resistance study groups.aminoglycoside resistance mechanisms from recent studies were compared with those found in earlier studies in the usa and europe for three pathogen groups. among citrobacter-enterobacter-klebsiella, four single mechanisms (aac(3)-ii, aac(3)-i, ant(2")-i and aac(6')-i were found in all studies, but the most recent studies showed a significant increase in combinations of aac(6')-i with the other common mechanisms. since aac(6')-i confers resistance to tobramycin, netilmicin and amikacin, combinati ...19958622109
the most frequently occurring aminoglycoside resistance mechanisms--combined results of surveys in eight regions of the world. the aminoglycoside resistance study groups.aminoglycoside-resistant isolates from different patients were collected in 149 hospitals in eight regions of the world. aminoglycoside resistance mechanisms were determined in 11,079 of these isolates by the correlation of resistance phenotypes to 12 aminoglycosides and dna hybridisation with up to 19 resistance genes. a very large diversity of different resistance mechanisms was found. for example, in escherichia-morganella-proteus-salmonella-shigella, at total of 53 different mechanisms was f ...19958622108
turkey rhinotracheitis virus isolated from broiler chicken with swollen head syndrome in japan.turkey rhinotracheitis (trt) virus was first isolated from a commercial broiler chicken with swollen head syndrome (shs) in japan. at the same time, newcastle disease virus (ndv), infectious bronchitis virus (ibv), avian reovirus (arv), escherichia coli (e.coli), morganella morganii, and proteus mirabilis were also isolated from the same broiler chicken. the presence of antibodies to trt virus was confirmed in the sera of 34-day-old chickens of the flock with shs, however the antibodies to trt v ...19958593307
ferric rhizoferrin uptake into morganella morganii: characterization of genes involved in the uptake of a polyhydroxycarboxylate siderophore.iron uptake in morganella morganii, mediated by the fungal siderophore rhizoferrin, was studied. a mud1 insertion mutant devoid of growth on ferric rhizoferrin was complemented by a chromosomal dna fragment of m. morganii that encoded an outer membrane protein and a periplasmic protein named ruma and rumb (for rhizoferrin uptake into morganella spp.), respectively. ruma and rumb have the same transcription polarity and are probably cotranscribed from an iron-regulated promoter upstream of ruma. ...19968550472
in vitro activity of e-4868, a new fluoroquinolone with a 7-azetidin ring, compared with ciprofloxacin, ofloxacin and fleroxacin.e-4868, (-)-7[3-(r)-amino-2-(s)-methyl-1-azetidinyl]-1-(2,4- difluorophenyl)-1,4-dihydro-6-fluoro-4-oxo-3-quinolinecarboxylic acid, is a new fluoroquinolone with a 7-azetidin ring substituent. the in vitro activity against clinical isolates was compared with that of ciprofloxacin, ofloxacin and fleroxacin. in general, activity of e-4868 against aerobic and facultative anaerobic gram-negative bacilli was equal to or slightly less active than ciprofloxacin with the exception of morganella morganii ...19958529525
[antimicrobial susceptibility patterns of the proteeae in japan, 1989].we discussed the antimicrobial susceptibilities of proteeae isolated in japan, 1989. eight hundred six clinical isolates were collected from 47 hospitals. these were comprised of 431 strains of proteus mirabilis, 155 proteus vulgaris, 154 morganella morganii, 44 providencia rettgeri and 22 providencia stuartii. antibiotics tested in this study were 2 penicillins, 5 cephems, 1 carbapenem and 2 aminoglycosides. the mic's were determined using the standard method of the japan society of chemotherap ...19938515560
comparative antibacterial activity of the aminothiazolyl cephalosporin ru 29,246.a total of 1,007 clinical isolates from a tertiary care center were tested against ru 29,246, ampicillin, cephalothin, cefoxitin, ceftazidime, augmentin, oxacillin, piperacillin, gentamicin, amikacin and vancomycin. bacteria tested consisted of 479 strains of enterobacteriaceae, 64 pseudomonads, 18 xanthomonas, 42 other gram-negative bacilli, 56 enterococci and 348 isolates of staphylococci. ru 29,246 showed excellent in vitro activity inhibiting > 90% of escherichia coli, klebsiella pneumoniae, ...19938508687
the activity of cefpirome and ten other antibacterial agents against 2858 clinical isolates collected from 20 centres.two thousand eight hundred and fifty-eight aerobic clinical isolates of enterobacteriaceae, pseudomonas species, staphylococci, streptococci and haemophilus species were collected in 19 geographically separated centres in the uk and one in ireland. the identity of each isolate was confirmed at southmead hospital and the mic of cefpirome, cefotaxime, ceftazidime, cefuroxime, cephradine, amoxycillin, piperacillin, imipenem, gentamicin, ciprofloxacin and trimethoprim was determined by an agar dilut ...19938486569
alpha-keto acids are novel siderophores in the genera proteus, providencia, and morganella and are produced by amino acid deaminases.growth promotion and iron transport studies revealed that certain alpha-keto acids generated by amino acid deaminases, by enterobacteria of the proteus-providencia-morganella group (of the tribe proteeae), show significant siderophore activity. their iron-binding properties were confirmed by the chrome azurol s assay and uv spectra. these compounds form ligand-to-metal charge transfer bands in the range of 400 to 500 nm. additional absorption bands of the enolized ligands at 500 to 700 nm are re ...19938478334
determinants of the activity of beta-lactamase inhibitor combinations.inhibitor combinations provide one strategy to overcome beta-lactamase-mediated resistance. their success depends, obviously, on the inhibitor being able to bind and inactivate the beta-lactamase molecules. clavulanate, sulbactam and tazobactam are irreversible inactivators of many beta-lactamases, forming covalent complexes which resist hydrolysis. 'suicide' kinetics are seen with some, but not all, enzymes. all three compounds inactivate staphylococcal penicillinase, the chromosomal beta-lacta ...19938449836
t lymphocyte responses to antigens of gram-negative bacteria in pyelonephritis.we showed previously that large numbers of t lymphocytes accumulate within a few days in the kidneys of rats with ascending pyelonephritis induced with escherichia coli or pseudomonas aeruginosa. cd4+ t cells propagated from the lesions exhibited mhc-restricted proliferative responses to formalin-fixed bacteria of the species used to induce infection. in the present study we investigated further the nature of the antigens responsible for the t cell proliferation and studied the ability of differ ...19938403542
resistance to third-generation cephalosporins in barbados.resistance to third-generation, or extended-spectrum, cephalosporins caused by induction of class i beta-lactamases has been reported rarely from developing countries. seven isolates of cephalosporin-resistant gram-negative rods were recovered recently from urine, burns and ulcers in the queen elizabeth hospital, barbados. the isolates were identified as acinetobacter calcoaceticus (2), citrobacter freundii (1), enterobacter cloacae (1), morganella morganii (1), providencia stuartii (1) and prot ...19938367967
analysis of intestinal flora of a patient with congenital absence of the portal vein.a 14-year-old female patient, admitted for a closer examination of liver tumour (hepatocellular adenoma), was diagnosed as having a congenital absence of the portal vein. the blood ammonia level (approximately 120 micrograms dl-1) in the superior mesenteric vein was markedly low compared to the normal value of 300-350 micrograms dl-1 in the portal vein. the decreased ammonia concentration and urease activity of the patient's faeces were demonstrated. the dominant intestinal flora in the faeces o ...19938364525
[a nationwide survey of antimicrobial susceptibilities of clinical isolates to antibiotics in japan (1988-1990)].this study was conducted to investigate susceptibilities of clinical isolates to antibacterial agents at 149 hospitals throughout japan from september to december in both 1989 and 1990. in this study, identifications and susceptibility testings were carried out at each hospital laboratory. the susceptibility testings were performed according to the disk diffusion method recommended by nccls. staphylococcus aureus and coagulase-negative staphylococci showed high or moderate resistance rates to be ...19938360981
comparative in vitro activity of biapenem, a new carbapenem antibiotic.biapenem is a new carbapenem antibiotic with high stability to human renal dehydropeptidase i. its in vitro activity was compared with that of imipenem, meropenem, ceftazidime, ceftriaxone, piperacillin and gentamicin against a total of 650 recent clinical isolates. mics were determined by a standard agar dilution procedure and all isolates were tested at two inocula (10(4) and 10(6) cfu). biapenem inhibited 90% of isolates of escherichia coli, klebsiella spp., proteus mirabilis, proteus vulgari ...19938354306
extent of peptidoglycan o acetylation in the tribe proteeae.the degree of peptidoglycan o acetylation in 18 strains of the different genera of the tribe proteeae (proteus, providencia, and morganella) has been determined by high-performance liquid chromatography-based organic acid analysis of mild-base-released acetic acid and quantitation of peptidoglycan concentrations by simultaneous amino sugar-amino acid analysis using high-performance anion-exchange chromatography with pulsed amperometric detection. the n,o-diacetylmuramyl content of all isolated a ...19938331084
[report of three cases of purple urine bag syndrome which occurred with a combination of both e. coli and m. morganii].purple urine bag syndrome is a rare phenomenon in which bags turns purple or blue following catheterization. this phenomenon was reported to occur by providencia stuartii in the presence of indicanuria. we reported herein three females above 75 years of age having a similar phenomenon. all were bedridden chronically and constipated. in these cases, no growth of p. stuartii was found on repeated urine culture, but escherichia coli and morganella morganii were concomitantly isolated during the blu ...19938320467
identification and typing of proteus penneri and proteus vulgaris biogroups 2 and 3, from clinical sources, by computerized analysis of electrophoretic protein patterns.seventy-six strains of the proteus vulgaris complex (pr. penneri and pr. vulgaris biogroups 2 and 3) were characterized by one-dimensional sds-page of cellular proteins. the protein patterns were highly reproducible. the strains came from various countries and were mainly of human origin: urine (28), respiratory tract (13), wounds (8), faeces (7), blood (3), miscellaneous sources (6) and unknown sources (11). the patterns of these strains, together with those of the type strains of seven morgane ...19938300450
[the antimicrobial activity of cefteram against recently clinically detected and isolated strains].in order to examine antibiotic activities of cefteram (cftm), its minimum inhibitory concentrations (mic's) and those of other cephem drugs were determined against clinically isolated strains received from july 1990 to june 1991 and from july 1992 to february 1993 from medical facilities throughout the country and against clinically isolated strains detected in our laboratory in samples from patients with various infectious diseases. the obtained results are summarized below. 1. no cftm-resistan ...19938254900
[antimicrobial activity of cefodizime against fresh clinical isolates].in order evaluate antimicrobial activities of cefodizime (cdzm), minimum inhibitory concentrations (mic's) of cdzm and other control drugs were determined against various clinical isolates, that were sent to our center from nation-wide medical institutions or were isolated and identified in our laboratory from various specimens of infected patients. the followings are a summary of the results: 1. bacterial species with no or few strains resistant to cephems including cdzm included streptococcus ...19938254888
interpretive accuracy of the disk diffusion method for testing newer orally administered cephalosporins against morganella morganii.eight newer orally administered cephems (cefdinir, cefetamet, cefixime, cefpodoxime, cefprozil, ceftibuten, cefuroxime, and loracarbef) were tested against 100 clinical strains of morganella morganii to determine the extent of serious interpretive very major (false-susceptible) errors when current criteria for the disk diffusion test are applied. agar dilution mics and disk diffusion tests were performed as recommended by the national committee for clinical laboratory standards (villanova, pa.) ...19938253998
study of enterobacteriaceae throughout the manufacturing and ripening of hard goats' cheese.the evolution of the counts and the species of enterobacteriaceae as well as some physico-chemical parameters (ph, aw and nacl and moisture contents) during manufacturing and ripening of a hard spanish goats' cheese of the armada-sobado variety were studied. enterobacteriaceae (mean log counts 4.45 g-1 in milk) increased 0.71-2.18 log units in curd and afterwards decreased until they disappeared after 2-4 weeks of ripening. this premature disappearance seems to be due to the decrease in aw value ...19938244902
[susceptibility in vitro to certain quinolines of gram-negative bacteria and gram-positive cocci causing urinary tract infections].susceptibility to norfloxacin, ofloxacin, pipemidic acid and nalidixic acid of 848 bacterial strains isolated from urine of patients treated in 1989-1992 in wrocław hospitals was investigated. the study, performed by the disc diffusion methods, concerned 568 enterobacteriaceae strains, 147 gram-negative non-fermenting bacteria and 133 strains of staphylococci. highest percentage (90-100%) of susceptibility to all used antimicrobial agents was detected among escherichia, proteus, morganella and c ...19938231429
multicentre survey of the comparative in-vitro activity of piperacillin/tazobactam against bacteria from hospitalized patients in the british isles.twenty-nine british and irish hospitals each collected up to 300 bacterial isolates from in-patients. the organisms were identified by an appropriate api system or, for staphylococci, by their gram and coagulase reactions. disc susceptibility tests were performed. isolates that gave zones < or = 25 mm to piperacillin/tazobactam (75 micrograms + 10 micrograms) discs were sent to a central laboratory for re-examination and determination of mic, together with a sample of the more susceptible organi ...19938226427
compositional analysis of peptidoglycan by high-performance anion-exchange chromatography.a high-performance anion-exchange chromatography method with pulsed-amperometric detection has been developed for the simultaneous analysis of both amino acids and amino sugars and applied to the compositional analysis of peptidoglycan hydrolysates. chromatography of the acid hydrolysis products was performed on a carbopac pa-1 anion-exchange column, with pulsed-amperometric detection. complete resolution of the two amino sugars (glucosamine and muramic acid) and eight of the nine amino acids (a ...19938214575
penetration of topically applied ciprofloxacin, norfloxacin, and ofloxacin into the aqueous humor.to determine the intraocular penetration of topically applied fluoroquinolone antibiotics into aqueous humor.19948190478
[susceptibility of proteus, morganella and providencia strains isolated from patients with urinary tract infections on bactericidal activity of normal human serum].usefulness of the test determining bactericidal activity of normal human serum was investigated with 50 strains of proteus, morganella and providencia isolated from patients with urinary tract infections (uti) and with 50 strains isolated from feces. it was found that strains from uti were more frequently resistant to the action of normal human serum (50% resistant) in comparison with strains isolated from feces (30% resistant). strains of proteus belonging to four species were differing greatly ...19938189801
pore-formation by escherichia coli hemolysin (hlya) and other members of the rtx toxins family.escherichia coli hemolysin (hlya) is a major cause of e. coli virulence. it lyses erythrocytes by a colloid osmotic shock due to the formation of hydrophilic pores in the cell wall. the size of these channels can be estimated using osmotic protectant of increasing dimensions. to show that the formation of pores does not depend critically on the osmotic swelling we prepared resealed human erythrocyte ghosts loaded with a fluorescent marker. when attacked by hlya the internal marker was released, ...19948160187
[in vitro antibacterial activity of isoxazolyl++ naphthoquinones. i].the in vitro antibacterial activity of 2-hydroxy-n-(3,4-dimethyl-5-isoxazolyl) 1,4 naphthoquinone-4-imine (i) and three of this derivatives against staphylococcus aureus, escherichia coli, pseudomonas aeruginosa, proteus mirabilis y morganella morganii was investigated. from the four naphthoquinone-imine studied, compound i exhibited activity against s. aureus. this effect was observed even in oxygen atmosphere with 5% co2 and in the presence of human albumin. the development of drug-resistant s ...19938140244
spontaneous bacterial empyema and peritonitis caused by morganella morganii. 19948113596
prediction of bacterial susceptibility to cefpodoxime by using the ceftriaxone minimum inhibitory concentration result.the cross-resistance or cross-susceptibility of cefpodoxime and ceftriaxone for 3700 strains of enterobacteriaceae, oxacillin-susceptible staphylococci, streptococcus spp., haemophilus influenzae, moraxella catarrhalis, and neisseria gonorrhoeae was evaluated. with the exception of tests with enterobacter spp. and morganella morganii, the ceftriaxone minimum inhibitory concentration (mic) result interpretive criteria predicted bacterial susceptibility (or resistance) to cefpodoxime with an accep ...19938112047
characterization and sequence of phoc, the principal phosphate-irrepressible acid phosphatase of morganella morganii.phosphatase activities were investigated in morganella morganii, which is one of the few enterobacterial species producing high-level phosphate-irrepressible acid phosphatase activity (hpap phenotype), and the gene encoding the major phosphate-irrepressible acid phosphatase was cloned, sequenced, and its product characterized. using p-nitrophenyl phosphate as substrate, morganella produced a major phosphate-irrepressible acid phosphatase (named phoc) which is associated with the hpap phenotype, ...19948081499
[antibacterial activity of aztreonam against clinical isolates].to evaluate the antibacterial activity of a monobactam antibiotic, aztreonam (azt), mics of azt and other antibiotics against clinical isolates collected at 36 participating institutions after january 1992 were determined using the agar plate dilution method (size of inoculum, 10(6) cfu/ml) according to the japan society of chemotherapy standard. the antibiotics that were tested along with azt included piperacillin (pipc), cefoperazone (cpz), and amikacin (amk). azt was found to be more active a ...19948051793
comparative in-vitro activity of biapenem against enterobacteria with beta-lactamase-mediated antibiotic resistance.the effects of enterobacterial beta-lactamases were studied for biapenem (l627), a new carbapenem. susceptibility tests were performed for isogenic mutant series of citrobacter freundii, enterobacter cloacae, morganella morganii, serratia marcescens and proteus vulgaris which varied only in chromosomal beta-lactamase expression. beta-lactamase-derepressed organisms in these series were as susceptible as beta-lactamase-inducible strains to biapenem; beta-lactamase-basal mutants were up to eight-f ...19948040111
human t helper cells reactive with somatic bacterial antigens belong to the th1 subset.the aim of this study was to characterize the cytokine secretion patterns of human t helper cells from healthy donors reactive with somatic antigens from various bacteria, the nematode anisakis and tetanus toxoid. from the peripheral blood of four healthy donors we have established 70 t cell lines reactive with antigens from yersinia, salmonella, morganella, klebsiella, serratia, escherichia, chlamydia, shigella, streptococcus, tetanus toxoid and anisakis, respectively. our results show that all ...19947997190
in vitro activity of cefpirome against beta-lactamase-inducible and stably derepressed enterobacteriaceae.most members of the enterobacteriaceae and pseudomonas aeruginosa possess an inducible chromosomal class i beta-lactamase. bacterial strains which produce high levels of beta-lactamase constitutively can be isolated from infections; these derepressed mutants are responsible for resistance to third-generation cephalosporins and ureidopenicillins. minimum inhibitory concentrations of cefpirome, a fourth-generation cephalosporin, and other beta-lactam antibiotics were determined for a series of mut ...19947956454
microbiological studies of abscesses complicating bothrops snakebite in humans: a prospective study.forty patients with abscesses at the site of bothrops bite were evaluated. ten brought the snake responsible for the bite, bothrops jararaca in all cases. on admission a sample was collected from each case for aerobic and anaerobic culture, and no abscesses drained spontaneously. none of the patients had received antibacterial therapy at this time. the bacteria most frequently isolated were morganella morganii (23 patients), providencia rettgeri (7) enterobacter sp. (4), escherichia coli (3), gr ...19947940580
[multicenter evaluation of oral antibiotics: resistance behavior in 5 swiss centers].the susceptibility of 2196 fresh clinical isolates to twelve different oral compounds was assessed in five swiss microbiology institutions during summer 1992. a standardized microdilution system including all other material necessary was employed to assess the antibacterial activity of penicillin g, ampicillin, ampicillin + sulbactam, amoxycillin + clavulanic acid, cefadroxil, cephalexin, cefaclor, cefuroxime, cefetamet, doxycycline, erythromycin and clindamycin. the aminopenicillins (including ...19947939052
[antibacterial activities of isepamicin against fresh clinical isolates of gram-negative bacilli].to investigate antibacterial activities of isepamicin (isp), mics of isp as well as other aminoglycosides (ags) were determined against many strains of gram-negative bacilli that were clinically isolated in 1993. 1. no isp-resistant strains were observed among isolates of escherichia coli, citrobacter diversus, klebsiella spp., enterobacter spp. or proteus mirabilis. 2. isp-resistant strains were observed among isolates of citrobacter freundii, serratia spp., proteus vulgaris, morganella morgani ...19947933534
evaluation of different antimicrobial agents used as selective supplements for isolation and recovery of yersinia enterocolitica.seventeen antimicrobial agents were evaluated separately or in combination for their efficiency as selective supplements in a broth medium against six different serotypes of yersinia enterocolitica and 20 selected strains of different gram-negative bacteria. irgasan (dp300, 5-chloro-2-(2,4- dichlorophenoxy) phenol) at a concentration of 4 micrograms ml-1 inhibited the growth of most gram-negative bacteria with the exceptions of aeromonas hydrophila, morganella morganii, pseudomonas aeruginosa an ...19947928783
comparison of the antibody responses to the 77 klebsiella capsular types in ankylosing spondylitis and various rheumatic diseases.the production of antibodies to klebsiella capsular polysaccharides was measured in sera from either hla-b27-positive (hla-b27+) or hla-b27-negative (hla-b27-) patients with classical ankylosing spondylitis (n = 54). these sera were compared with sera from patients with various rheumatic diseases (n = 82) and hla-b27+ or hla-b27- healthy individuals (n = 85). all sera were analyzed by means of an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay specific to each of the 77 klebsiella serotypes. the sera from hla ...19947927763
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