Publications

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hafnia alvei strains possessing the alpha antigen of stamp and stone. 196113696727
antigenic relationship between hafnia and shigella flexneri. 196113780027
studies on the hafnia group of enterobacteriaceae. 196114496196
phase transformation at high temperatures in hafnia and zirconia.phase transformation curves for hfo(2) and zro(2) have been made. transformation hysteresis is discussed. the transformation of monoclinic to tetragonal as temperature increases occurs over the range 1000 degrees to 1200 degrees c in zro(2), and 1500 degrees to 1600 degrees c in hfo(2). with decreasing temperature the transition back to monoclinic occurs from 970 degrees to 750 degrees c in zro(2) and 1550 degrees to 1450 degrees c in hfo(2). these transformations have been visually observed in ...196317802175
[research on a severe hafnia epizootic in young laboratory rats]. 196314076976
studies on the hafnia isolated from normal human. 196314099091
studies on the hafnia isolated from normal human. 196314112336
[hafnia]. 196414156599
additional new antigens of hafnia group. 196414301054
[taxonomic position of hafnia in the family enterobacteriaceae]. 19655852423
adansonian analysis and deoxyribonucleic acid base composition of serratia marcescens.colwell, r. r. (georgetown university, washington, d.c.), and m. mandel. adansonian analysis and deoxyribonucleic acid base composition of serratia marcescens. j. bacteriol. 89:454-461. 1965.-a total of 33 strains of serratia marcescens were subjected to adansonian analysis for which more than 200 coded features for each of the organisms were included. in addition, the base composition [expressed as moles per cent guanine + cytosine (g + c)] of the deoxyribonucleic acid (dna) prepared from each ...196514255714
use of the deoxyribonuclease test as an aid in the differentiation of paracolobactrum (hafnia) from serratia. 19665903113
[the provisional genus hafnia and its systemic classification within the tribe enterobacteriaceae]. 19664224560
on the antigenic relationships of certain citrobacter and hafnia cultures. 19665953824
hafnia: an unusual cause of postoperative gram-negative bacteriae. 19676018152
simplified differentiation from the aerobacter and paracolobactrum (hafnia) groups. 19675342710
[a new modification of the hafnia circle]. 19676021366
soda-lime consumption in the hafnia respiratory circuit. 19676056543
diagnostic value of a hafnia-specific bacteriophage. 19685674062
[on various strains of hafnia isolated from food]. 19685756724
on the taxonomy of the genus hafnia. 19684874471
further use of deoxyribonuclease in a screening test for serratia.the deoxyribonuclease (dnase) test is useful in classifying serratia bacilli and in differentiating it from the hafnia group, e. cloacae, and e. liquefaciens. it is recommended as a differential test in enteric bacteriology because of its specificity, the convenience of its use, and the rapidity with which it can be performed.19684880362
taxonomic investigations on expressed and cryptic phospho-beta-glucosidases in enterobacteriaceae.in the enterobacteriaceae, beta-glucosides are catabolized by a complex system formed of three permeases, with partly overlapping substrate specificities, and two hydrolytic enzymes, phospho-beta-glucosidase a and b, which hydrolyze only phosphorylated beta-glucosides. some enterobacteriaceae such as klebsiella-aerobacter (enterobacter) possess the complete system; others possess only parts of it or may have a cryptic phospho-beta-glucosidase activity without permease activity. a screening test ...19694897109
persistent septicemia due to hafnia alvei. report of a case. 19695770669
[the biochemical properties of bacterial of the genus hafnia]. 19705503341
hafnia septicemia. 19715552027
[characteristics of acute gastro-intestinal diseases caused by bacteria of the genus hafnia]. 19725069112
[identification of hafnia bacteria]. 19724124730
relation of beta-lactamase activity and cellular location to resistance of enterobacter to penicillins and cephalosporins.the enterobacter species e. aerogenes, e. cloacae, and e. hafnia were examined for resistance to penicillin and cephalosporin derivatives. all were resistant to benzyl penicillin, ampicillin, 6 [d(-)alpha-amino-p-hydroxyphenylacetamido] penicillanic acid, cephaloridine, cephalothin, and cephalexin. a significant number were sensitive to carbenicillin and 6 [d(-)alpha-carboxy-3-thienylacetamido] penicillanic acid. no differences among the three species were noted. the beta-lactamase activity was ...19724218941
[a provisional diagnostic scheme for differentiating hafnia bacteria according to their o-antigens]. 19744454845
[enzyme characteristics of bacteria of the genera citrobacter and hafnia and their identification during laboratory diagnosis of intestinal infections]. 19744454846
[nationwide fire inspection following the hafnia catastrophe shows: a large number of nursing homes are purely firetraps]. 19751040338
chronic polymicrobial bacteremia.a 13-year-old girl had chronic polymicrobial bacteremia with enterobacter hafnia and enterobacter agglomerans in the absence of any demonstrable underlying illness, use of immunosuppressive drugs, or discovery of portal of entry of the bacteria. she was treated successfully with a prolonged course of carbenicillin and aminoglycoside antibiotics which were tolerated well. the only side effect of the therapy was a transient episode of vestibular dysfunction which was reversible following cessation ...19751078798
bactericidal and opsonic activities of normal sheep serum against gram-negative bacteria.the bactericidal and opsonic activities of normal sheep serum against 9 smooth and 4 rough strains of gram-negative bacteria were measured. three smooth strains-escherichia coli 3662, salmonella typhimurium, and salmonella gallinarum-were resistant to the bactericidal action of normal sheep serum with or without complement. six smooth strains-e coli o78:k80(b), salmonella arizonae, proteus inconstans, klebsiella pneumoniae, salmonella stanley, and salmonella abortus-equi-were moderately sensitiv ...19751098532
effects of chemotherapeutics on bacterial ecology in the water of ponds and the intestinal tracts of cultured fish, ayu (plecoglossus altivelis).drug-resistant gram-negative bacilli conferred with r factors were isolated with high frequencies from the intestinal tracts of ayu (plecoglossus altivelis) cultured in ponds, in which chemotherapeutics had often been used, and with relatively low frequencies from ayu which received no administration of chemotherapeutics. drug-resistant bacteria were also isolated at low frequencies from the intestinal tracts of wild ayu in rivers, as well as from the water of ayu-culturing ponds and some of the ...19751160204
[frequency of detecting bacteria of the genera citrobacter and hafnia in different contingents of examined adults].a study of the incidence of bacteria of the citrobacter and hafnia genus in adults permitted to establish a greater occurrence of the mentioned microbes in the patients with various acute intestinal diseases in comparison with the healthy ones. bacteria of the citrobacter and hafnia genus were revealed in the patients with acute intestinal diseases of obscure etiology, which often were diagnosed as gastroenteritis, enteritis, etc. bacteria of the citrobacter and hafnia genus were revealed in the ...19751236718
[identification of conditionally pathogenic enterobacteria in laboratory practice in the diagnosis of acute intestinal diseases].identification of 361 cultures isolated from patients suffering from various acute intestinal diseasesand from persons who had sustained them, as well as from contacts and persons examined prophylactically with the use of various biochemical tests showed that ty their taxonomic properties the cultures were referred to conditionally-pathogenic representatives of enterobacteriaceae of the corresponding genera:citrobacter, hafnia, klebsiella, proteus, providencia. serological typing of the strains ...19761007731
the hafnia a circuit: a valveless non-polluting anaesthetic system. 1976998159
[taxonomic importance of fermentation balances of enterobacteriaceae (author's transl)].fermentation balances have been studied on 66 strains from 9 taxa of enterobacteriaceae. in addition, 6 strains of aeromonas have been investigated. among these fermentation balances, 7 types could be distinguished. it was shown, that the taxa of enterobacteriaceae differed with respect to the balance types involved. this is true especially for vp-positive taxa. for example, hafnia, the klebsiella-enterobacter-serratia group, enterobacter cloacae and erwinia are to some extend characterized by d ...1976998036
[on the growth of various enterobacteriaceae, pseudomonas aeruginosa and alkaligenes spec. in distilled water, de-ionized water, tap water, and mineral salt solution (author's transl)].the behaviour of 12 strains of gram-negative bacteria was analysed in media having a low content of nutrients. sterile tap water, de-ionized water, aqua bidestillata and mineral salt solution were used. it was found that serratia marcescens, pseudomonas aeruginosa, enterobacter, klebsiella and citrobacter are those with the most frequently observed growth. in the mineral salt solution survived also providencia, e. coli, erwinia, hafnia, and alkaligenes and reached max. colony numbers of some 100 ...1976828367
[development of a differentiation scheme for hafnia using the h antigen].the authors suggest a differentiation scheme for hafnia bacteria by the h-antigen, including 36 varieties of the flagellar antigen. a collection of h-test-strains which can be used in elaboration of technology of preparation of hafnia h-sera was determined.1976795242
[biochemical characteristics of strains from the citrobacter and hafnia genera and their laboratory identification].a study of biochemical properties of 176 strains of coprocultures isolated from the patients and persons who sustained various acute enteric diseases, and also from contacts and persons examined for prophylaxis showed that they corresponded to the taxonomic definition of the citrobacter and hafnia genus. in connection with the similarity by biochemical properties between bacteria of citrobacter and salmonella genus and bacteria of hafnia and shigella genus it is of expedience in their identifica ...1976961244
[enterobacteria erroneously identified as salmonella in human faeces (author's transl)].to differentiate citrobacter freundii, enterobacter hafniae, proteus mirabilis and alteromonas putrefaciens from salmonella strains isolated in faeces, the author recommends the use of "hajna-kligler" medium, "nitrate-motility-mannitol" medium, "urease-indole-trytophane desaminase" medium and glycerol peptonated water. the lysis of salmonella and e. hafniae strains by specific phages (felix and callow o: 1 salmonella phage; guinee and valkenburg hafnia phage) is emphasized.1977335345
a simple method of monitoring carbon dioxide output in anaesthetized patients.the mean co2 output during anaesthesia in paralyzed patients can be monitored by continuous capnographic analysis of the total exhaled gases, the latter being mechanically integrated by pumice canisters. the gas is evacuated from the hafnia a circuit via an ejector flowmeter. the results are not influenced by the flow rates employed.1977143865
[isolation of bacteria of the germs hafnia from chickens and poultry maids and their virulence]. 1977865327
serologic relationship of fimbriae among enterobacteriaceae.the existence of serological relationship of fimbriae among serotypes of the same genus and among genera of enterobacteriaceae was determined by agglutination and absorption procedures. it was found that fimbriae of different serotypes of the same genus and among the genera a) escherichia, shigella and klebsiella, and b) salmonella, arizona and citrobacter were more or less antigentically related. no relationship was found among fimbriae of the edwardsiella, enterobacter, hafnia, serratia, prote ...1977880000
[study of the role of conditionally pathogenic enterobacteria in acute intestinal diseases].conditionally pathogenic enterobacteria were isolated in 34.2% of the patients with acute intestinal diseases (1559 cases examined in all). such representatives of enterobacteria as klebsiella, hafnia, citrobacter of 4, 8, and 22 serological groups. proteus mirabilis of 6, 10, 13, 26, and 28 serological groups, and proteus morganii mostly played the etiological role. in some of the patients conditionally pathogenic microbes only aggravated the main disease, taking part in the development of dysb ...1977335739
the 600 gram co2 absorption canister: an experimental study.model investigations were performed on a canister containing 600 g of sodasorb indicator soda lime in a transparent lime compartment used in the hafnia circle. the co2 input was 300 ml per min. carbon dioxide will be efficiently eliminated from the gas mixture conveyed to the patient connection in this system for at least 4 h, irrespective of the rate of fresh gas flow. there was proportionality between the fresh gas inflow and the duration of effective co2 elimination. the relative efficacy of ...1977910616
flow requirements in the hafnia modifications of the mapleson circuits during spontaneous respiration.the mapleson a, b, c and d circuits can be changed into non-polluting circuits by employing continuous gas evacuation directly from the circuit, via an ejector flowmeter (jørgensen 1974); mapleson a and c circuits with this modification have been described previously as the hafnia a and c circuits (christensen 1976, thomsen & jørgensen 1976). if evacuation from a closed reservoir is employed, total removal of the expired and surplus gases from the operating theatre is obtained (jørgensen & thoms ...1978636803
[study of the hafnia isolated from honey]. 1978654096
[resistance to antibiotics of conditionally pathogenic enterobacteria of the genera, citrobacter and hafnia].antibiotic sensitivity of 363 strains of citrobacter and 124 strains of hafnia isolated from patients with acute intestine infections and healthy persons was studied. it was found that 44.6 per cent of the citrobacter isolates and 36.3 per cent of the hafnia isolates were resistant to one or more antibiotics. different sensitivity of the bacteria of these 2 genera of the conditionally pathogenic enterobacteria to definite antibiotics was shown. the resistant strains of citrobacter to negramon, m ...1978655688
enterobacter hafnia meningitis. 1978722430
[characteristics of the enterobacteria strains isolated from the urine in urinary tract infections].study of biochemical properties of 421 strains of enterobacteria permitted to refer them to the following taxonomic groups of which e. coli constituted 83,4 +/- 3.6%, enterobactercloacae--97 +/- 3.0%, klebsiella 4.0 +/- 2.0%. enterobacter aerogenes, enterobacter hafnia, citrobacter, proteus rettgeri, proteus vulgaris were revealed in individual cases (0.2-1.0%). as a result of serological typing there were revealed 105 serological types of escherichia differing by 55 o-antigen variants, 26 h-ant ...1978747014
[transmission of plasmid rldrd19 from e. coli to hafnia].investigations carried out demonstrated a possibility of transmission of plasmid rldrd19 from e. coli to hafnia. the incidence of the plasmid transmission varied from 10(-7) to 10(-9) and depended on the properfies of hafnia strains. tra-operon of plasmid rldrd19 in the hafnia 614 strain functioned with the same efficacy as in e. coli. plasmid rldrd19 in hafnia was unstable and was eliminated from the cells in case of storage at low temperatures. as shown, plasmid rldrd19 was under strict replic ...1978354287
differentiation of selected enterobacteriaceae by pyrolysis-gas-liquid chromatography.pyrolysis-gas-liquid chromatography was used to differentiate selected species of enterobacteriaceae. individual cultures of salmonella typhi, hafnia alvei, and proteus vulgaris, and 12 strains of yersinia enterocolitica were grown in nutrient broth. after harvest and lyophilization, the bacterial samples were pyrolyzed at 900 degrees c, and their volatile fractions were separated on a 50-m capillary column coated with carbowax 20m. the resulting pyrolysis elution patterns (pyrograms) of the fou ...1979393169
arterial carbon dioxide tensions during anaesthesia with manual ventilation. a descriptive study of the effects of various non-polluting circuits.in 660 supine, intubated and anaesthetized, healthy patients scheduled for various elective surgical procedures, the distribution of arterial carbon dioxide tension (paco2) was investigated during manual non-monitored ventilation. the study comprised six equal groups: group 1: ventilation with a circle circuit absorber system; group 2: ventilation with the hafnia a circuit using a total fresh gas flow (fgf) of 100 ml . kg-1 . min-1; groups 3-6: ventilation with a hafnia d circuit with fresh gas ...197939415
[microfloral study of bull seminal fluid stored at low temperatures].hundred twenty three samples of bull semen fluid frozen at 196 degrees c including 83 plastic ampules, 20 granules and 20 plastic straws obtained from the containers of the insemination stations of 10 farms from the sofia district were investigated. two hundred twelve strains were isolated and identified as: escherichia coli--25 strains, hafnia--16 strains, citrobacter, enterobacter and proteus mirabilis--9 strains of each. the remaining gram-negative genera and species were more rarely encounte ...1979545852
[diagnostic value of the acid production from galacturonate to differentiate strains of "salmonella" sub-genus i and monophasic sub-genus iii from the other "salmonella" strains belonging to sub-genera ii, diphasic iii, iv, "citrobacter" and "hafnia alvei" (author's transl)].two methods were compared: (1) the ability to use sodium glacturonate as source of carbon and energy in defined medium; (2) the ability to produce acid by fermentation of this substrate in peptone water with phenol red. results of growth on, acid formation from, galacturonate are identical. salmonella strains of sub-genus i and monophasic serotypes of sub-genus iii do not use galacturonate. salmonella of sub-genera ii and iv as well as diphasic serotypes of sub-genus iii use galacturonate. glact ...1979533071
comparison of anti-pollution modifications of mapleson a and d anaesthetic systems.hafnia a and hafnia d anaesthetic systems are non-polluting modifications of the mapleson a and d systems. the excess gas is vented in the hafnia systems directly and continuously via a calibrated ejector flowmeter. sixteen adult patients anaesthetized for abdominal surgery were ventilated and either hafnia a or d systems at six different fresh gas flows. no difference between the hafnia a and d systems could be demonstrated in the values of arterial carbon dioxide tension measured with the same ...1979159068
evaluation of the four-hour micro-id technique for direct identification of oxidase-negative, gram-negative rods from blood cultures.a 4-h micro-id technique for direct identification of oxidase-negative gram-negative rods from positive blood cultures was compared to subculture and species identification of single colonies by api 20e and micro-id, using standardized inocula. a total of 127 patients (220 positive cultures) were studied. isolates included 96 escherichia coli, 46 klebsiella pneumoniae, 7 klebsiella oxytoca, 8 enterobacter aerogenes, 17 enterobacter cloacae, 19 serratia marcescens, 2 serratia liquefaciens, 8 prot ...19806999020
[interest of gamma-glutamyltransferase in "enterobacteriaceae" (author's transl)].gamma-glutamyltransferase (gammagt) could be detected in 86,6% of 3,027 strains of enterobacteriaceae, by the use of gamma-l-glutamin-p-nitranilide acid for substrate. the following species produced gamma gt: citrobacter freundii, levinea malonatica, l. amalonatica, klebsiella pneumoniae, k. oxytoca, k. ozaenae, enterobacter aerogenes, e. cloacae, e. agglomerans, e. gergoviae, k. ozaenae, enterobacter aerogenes, e. cloacae, e. agglomerans, e. gergoviae, hafnia alvei, erwinia carotovora, serratia ...19806104464
calculation of the fresh gas flow requirements of the hafnia a and d anaesthetic circuits.semi-closed anaesthetic circuits are converted into the corresponding hafnia circuits by replacing the expiratory valve by a side tube connected to an ejector flowmeter. theoretical analysis of the hafnia a and d circuits revealed by the fresh gas flow requirements are dependent on the inspiration/expiration time ratio. using a ratio of 1/1.2 and a sine-wave respiratory waveform, the minimal fresh gas requirements were calculated as 2.1 (hafnia a) and 2.5 (hafnia d) times the respiratory minute ...19807376802
enterobacteria differentiated by gas-liquid chromatography of metabolites.the short chain acids of 47 strains within the family enterobacteriaceae grown on prereduced, anaerobically sterilized peptone yeast-extract glucose broth (pras py g) under standardized conditions were determined by gas-liquid chromatography (glc). the bacteria could be subdivided into six groups on the basis of their metabolites. acetate, lactate, succinate and ethanol were detected from all strains and constituted a set of basic fermentation products, p, mirabilis, in addition, produced propan ...19817198354
activity of a new cephalosporin antibiotic, ro 13-9904 against dense populations of selected enterobacteria.ro 13-9904 is a new cephalosporin antibiotic with a wide spectrum of activity similar to that of cefotaxime and some other newer beta-lactam compounds. in the present study, the response to ro 13-9904 of 13 strains of enterobacteria, selected on the basis of differential patterns of susceptibility to beta-lactam agents, was investigated. the new cephalosporin displayed high intrinsic activity against most of the enterobacteria tested, but a group of klebsiella and hafnia alvei strains was identi ...19817247361
in-vitro activity of the novel oxa-beta-lactam antibiotic moxalactam (ly 127935) against dense populations of selected gram-negative bacilli.the activity of moxalactam, a new beta-lactam antibiotic with a novel molecular structure, was examined against dense populations of a variety of gram-negative bacilli. the lytic activity of moxalactam against ampicillin-sensitive strains was similar to ampicillin, but the activity was maintained against ampicillin-resistant strains, including pseudomonas aeruginosa, irrespective of whether the ampicillin resistance was 'intrinsic' (non-enzymic) or due to beta-lactamase. of the 18 strains tested ...19816265424
[antigenic relations between enteropathogenic escherichia o151:k, citrobacter and hafnia].the strains isolated from acute dysentery patients and convalescents and identified as e. coli o151:k--were studied. diagnostic errors due to inexact genus determination were revealed, and the isolated strains were found to belong to citrobacter and hafnia. the main biochemical differences allowing to differentiate e. coli o151:k--from these two genera were established. the study also showed the necessity of some tests, such as the tests for citrate assimilation in simmons' medium and sodium mal ...19817023147
studies on virulence of shigella flexneri. protective effect of outer membrane proteins.groups of mice were immunized intraperitoneally with proteins isolated from outer membrane of virulent strain of shigella flexneri 3a and its avirulent variant. all the animals were found to survive challenge with ld100 of virulent sh. flexneri 3a. similar protective effect against challenge with sh. flexneri 3a gave also immunization of mice with outer membrane proteins isolated from sh. flexneri of other serotypes (2a, 4a, 6, and x) and from escherichia coli, hafnia alvei and shigella sonnei.19817025793
a case with severe diarrhoea and strongyloides stercoralis infection.a case with severe diarrhoea and strongyloides stercoralis infection is described. further examination showed that the patient also had abnormal colonization of the duodenum with hafnia alvei and that this disappeared when the strongyloides infection was treated with mebendazole. symptoms such as abdominal pain, diarrhoea, "skin rash" and malabsorption in association with blood eosinophilia should arouse suspicion of strongyloidiasis.19817234512
aerobic bacterial oral flora of garter snakes: development of normal flora and pathogenic potential for snakes and humans.garter snakes that are used for scientific laboratory studies or kept as exotic pets often become ill and die early in captivity. they may also act as reservoirs of potential human pathogens or transmit infection to man. a total of 126 strains of aerobic and facultative bacteria, most potential human and snake pathogens, were isolated from 82 garter snake oropharyngeal cultures. coagulase-negative staphylococcus species were the most common species isolated. acinetobacter calcoaceticus var. anit ...19817240404
control of carbon dioxide in modified mapleson a and d (hafnia) anaesthetic systems. an experimental model.the effects of varying ventilations (ve) and fresh gas flows (fgf) on end-expiratory co2 (feco2) levels were investigated in an experimental model lung, employing the hafnia modification of the mapleson a and d anaesthetic systems during co2-absorption and co2-wash-out (rebreathing). identical results were found in both systems: feco2 was constant and independent of fgf with co2-absorption and constant ve, whereas rebreathing resulted in increasing feco2 levels as fgf was decreased. as control o ...19816797219
rhodanese activity: a simple and reliable taxonomic tool for gram-negative bacteria.the thiosulphate: cyanide sulphurtransferase (rhodanese) test of vandenbergh, bawdon and berk (1979) has been simplified and 2469 strains from a wide variety of sources representing different biochemical, serological or phage-pattern entities were tested. the percentages of rhondanese-producing strains were: escherichia coli 98%, shigella flexneri serovars 1-5%, x and y 0%, other shigellae 73-100%, yersinia spp. 0%, salmonella subgenera i-iv 0%, citrobacter freundi 16%, klebsiella 37%, enterobac ...19826958873
[review [new antibiotics series i]: cefuroxime (author's transl)].cefuroxime (cxm) is a new injectable cephalosporin stable against beta-lactamases. the results of preclinical and clinical studies so far carried out in japan on cefuroxime are summarized in this paper. 1. cxm is stable to various kinds of beta-lactamases except the one produced by p. vulgaris gn 76 (richmond type ic). reflecting this action, cxm has been shown to have antibacterial activity, not only against organisms which respond to conventional cephalosporins, but also against citrobacter, e ...19827045446
comparison of two methods for same-day identification of enterobacteriaceae.two commercial methods, api 20e (as modified for same-day enterobacterial identification) and micro-id, were evaluated for ability to provide useful same-day information of 368 clinically isolated enterobacteriaceae. organisms included escherichia coli (54), shigella (7), edwardsiella tarda (1), salmonella enteritidis (10), citrobacter (30), klebsiella (55), enterobacter (68), hafnia alvei (2), serratia (33), proteus (64), morganella morganii (24), providencia (18), and yersinia enterocolitica ( ...19827051807
[antibiotic sensitivity of opportunistic bacteria isolated from patients].sensitivity of 147 enterobacteria strains isolated from feces of various patients was determined with the method of serial dilutions on solid nutrient media. 8 antibiotics were tested. by genera (species) the microorganisms were arranged in the following order: e. coli (65 strains), citrobacter (33 strains), e. cloacae (15 strains), serratia liquefaciens (9 strains), hafnia (6 strains), klebsiella (4 strains), pectobacterium (3 strains), non-identified organisms (13 strains). the majority of the ...19827137975
[heterogeneity of the fatty acid composition of bacteria in the genera klebsiella, enterobacter, hafnia and serratia].the analysis of the chromatograms of methyl esters of fatty acids in bacterial strains of the tribe klebsielleae showed the heterogeneity of the fatty acid composition of bacteria belonging to the genera klebsiella, enterobacter, hafnia and serratia. the bacteria of this tribe could be subdivided into 5 provisory groups in accordance with the composition and profile of their fatty acids. group i comprised k. pneumoniae k1, k. ozaenae and k. rhinoscleromatis strains forming a separate group chara ...19827158162
[genetic transfer of pap38, pap39, and pap41 plasmids into e. coli, erwinia, and hafnia strains].genetic transfer factors pap38, pap39 and pap41 can be transferred to e. coli, both typed and untypecd, as well as to erwinia and hafnia strains, with different frequency (10(-2) to 10(-8)). the transconjugates thus obtained possess donor activity and can transfer the factors they have received to recipient e. coli strains. after transfer these factors are stably maintained in a new host for at least 10 days. under the action of ethidium bromide or elevated temperature the elimination of the tra ...19826295035
comparison of three methods for identification of enterobacteriaceae.this study compares the ability of three commercial overnight methods, api 20e, minitek and enteric-tek, to accurately and completely identify 368 clinically isolated enterobacteriaceae without supplemental tests. organisms included escherichia coli (54 strains), shigella spp. (7), edwardsiella tarda (1), salmonella enteritidis (10), citrobacter spp. (30), klebsiella spp. (55), enterobacter spp. (68), hafnia alvei (2), serratia spp. (33), proteus spp. (64), morganella morganii (24), providencia ...19826756905
[in vitro bacteriostatic activity of cefmenoxime (sce 1365), cefotaxime and moxalactam].the in vitro activity of cefmenoxime (sce 1365), a new cephalosporin derivate was compared with two other "third generation" cephalosporins: cefotaxime and moxalactam. cefmenoxime as cefotaxime and moxalactam were very active against 305 cephalosporinase-producing and cephalosporinase-non-producing enterobacteriaceae. cefmenoxime was the most active against serratia marcescens, citrobacter freundii, morganella morganii, salmonella, shigella and yersinia enterocolitica with a mean mic at least tw ...19836312395
evaluation of the updated ms-2 bacterial identification system in comparison with the api 20e system.the recently updated ms-2 bacterial identification system software (abbott laboratories, diagnostic division, irving, tex.) was compared with the original ms-2 bacterial identification software and the api 20e, using 968 strains of enterobacteriaceae. the updated ms-2 software correctly identified 94.4% of the isolates tested. api 20e and the original ms-2 software correctly identified 91 and 85.3% of the strains, respectively. ms-2 responses were considered to be equivocal (needing additional t ...19836350342
retardation of wool growth in merino sheep caused by bacteria.a condition evidenced by retarded growth of wool with alteration of the yolk into a yellow, sticky, wax-like substance was investigated. the condition was associated with hyperaemia and cellular infiltration into the dermis in the affected areas. three bacterial species, viz. enterobacter aerogenes, e. agglomerans and hafnia alvei, which could grow on the water-extractable component of wool-yolk, were incriminated as the cause of the condition.19836676689
[influence of hemolytic plasmids on the development of the "killing" effect in various species of enterobacteria].experiments on isogenic strains of different enterobacterial species, both carrying hemolytic plasmids and free from them, have demonstrated that their "killing" effect on mice is linked with the yield of hemolysin and does not depend on the origin of hly plasmids or the chemotype of bacteria. plasmid p ie 567 coding the synthesis of alpha-hemolysin has been shown to be capable of expression in enterobacter aerogenes, hafnia alvei and salmonella typhimurium strains, but e. aerogenes 3/43, h. alv ...19836356727
[study of lincomycin concentrations in hepatocystic duct].penetration of lincomycin (lcm) in choledochal and cholecystic bile as well as in the gallbladder tissue and liver tissue was investigated together with bacteria detectable in the bile in order to evaluate basically usefulness of this antibiotic in the treatment of infections of the hepatocystic duct. intravenous drip infusion of lcm 1.5 g (in 500 ml of 5% glucose solution) over 1.5--2 hours resulted in mean drug concentrations of 33.9 and 10.1 micrograms/ml in serum at 2 and 4 hours post start ...19846502929
effect of chlorination on antibiotic resistance profiles of sewage-related bacteria.a total of 1,900 lactose-fermenting bacteria were isolated from raw sewage influent and chlorinated sewage effluent from a sewage treatment plant, as well as from chlorinated and neutralized dilute sewage, before and after a 24-h regrowth period in the laboratory. of these isolates, 84% were resistant to one or more antibiotics. chlorination of influent resulted in an increase in the proportion of bacteria resistant to ampicillin and cephalothin, the increase being most marked after regrowth occ ...19846476832
kinetic mechanism and location of rate-determining steps for aspartase from hafnia alvei.coupled spectrophotometric assays that monitor the formation of fumarate and ammonia in the direction of aspartate deamination and aspartate in the direction of fumarate amination were used to collect initial velocity data for the aspartase reaction. data are consistent with rapid equilibrium ordered addition of mg2+ prior to aspartate but completely random release of mg2+, nh4+, or fumarate. in addition to mg2+, mn2+ can also be used as a divalent metal with vmax 80% and a kaspartate 3.5-fold l ...19846509019
koserella trabulsii, a new genus and species of enterobacteriaceae formerly known as enteric group 45.the name koserella trabulsii is proposed for a group of enterobacteriaceae formerly called enteric group 45. this group consists of 12 strains that were originally identified as atypical hafnia alvei. k. trabulsii strains were negative for indole production, voges-proskauer, h2s production, urea hydrolysis, phenylalanine deaminase, and acid production from glycerol, lactose, sucrose, and d-sorbitol; they were positive for methyl red, citrate (simmons), lysine and ornithine decarboxylases, argini ...19853968202
bacterial reduction of fensulfothion and its hydrolysis product 4-methylsulfinyl phenol.oxygen-limited cultures of klebsiella pneumoniae reduced 4-methylsulfinyl phenol to 4-methylthiophenol. a study of the effect of 4-methylthiophenol on the growth of k. pneumoniae revealed that the specific growth rate was retarded by 40% in the presence of 200 micrograms of the phenol per ml. a soil bacterium, hafnia sp., was isolated that could reduce the organophosphorus insecticide fensulfothion to fensulfothion sulfide.19853156557
evaluation of the anti-inflammatory activity of biolysat hafnia(r), in vivo in man.synopsis 'biolysat hafnia(r)', an active principle, whose anti-inflammatory activity had been demonstrated in animals, also has anti-inflammatory properties in vivo in human volunteers as shown by the technique of migration chambers after suction blisters. evaluation de l'activité anti-inflammatoire du biolysat hafnia(r), en vivo chez l'homme.198519460021
imipenem coadministered with cilastatin compared with moxalactam: integration of serum pharmacokinetics and microbiologic activity following single-dose administration to normal volunteers.we administered 1 g of imipenem along with equal amounts of cilastatin (a dehydropeptidase i inhibitor) or 2 g of moxalactam intravenously over a period of 30 min to six volunteers in a crossover manner 1 week apart. the antibiotic concentrations and pharmacokinetics for each drug were determined and integrated with the microbiologic activity by measuring the duration of time that the free drug concentrations remained above the mics for 90% of 581 clinical isolates and by measuring serum bacteri ...19863459390
antimicrobial activity of imipenem against 1386 clinical isolates.1386 isolates from clinical specimens were tested against imipenem by disc agar diffusion. the bacteria used in this study consisted of escherichia coli, enterobacter aerogenes, e. agglomerans, e. cloacae, klebsiella pneumoniae, k. oxytoca, k. ozanae, proteus mirabilis, p. vulgaris, providencia stuartii, p. rettgeri, acinetobacter calcoaceticus, citrobacter diversus, c. freundii, morganella morganii, serratia liquefaciens, s. marcescens, hafnia alvei, aeromonas hydrophila, pseudomonas aeruginosa ...19863468319
ferric ammonium citrate decomposition--a taxonomic tool for gram-negative bacteria.the iron uptake test of szabó and vandra has been modified and used for the differentiation of gram-negative bacteria. nutrient agar containing 20 g per litre of ferric ammonium citrate was distributed into narrow tubes and solidified so as to form butts and slants. considering the localization of the rusty-brown coloration produced after seeding and incubation, 2367 strains were classified into four groups. (1) unchanged medium: escherichia coli, shigella spp., yersinia spp., hafnia alvei and m ...19863529797
in vitro activity of aztreonam against gram negative bacteria from clinical specimens and its comparison with other commonly used antibiotics.a total of 755 gram negative bacteria isolated from clinical specimens were tested against aztreonam by the disc agar diffusion test. the strains of bacteria used in this study consisted of escherichia coli (314), enterobacter aerogenes (30), e. agglomerans (7), e. cloacae, (39), citrobacter diversus (9), c. freundii (13), hafnia alvei (3), acinetobacter calcoaceticus (10), klebsiella oxytoca (6), k. ozaenae (5), k. pneumoniae (107), morganella morganii (3), moraxella sp. (10), pasteurella multo ...19863088346
[intergeneric antigenic relation of hafnia and shigella (s. flexneri and s. boydii) bacteria].the o-antigenic relationships between hafnia and shigellae (s. flexneri and s. boydii) have been studied. for the first time the presence of antigenic relationship between hafnia o19, o4, o9, o33, o5, o16, o12, o7, o29, o28, o10, o32, o24, o25, o18, o1, o13, o3, o22, o30, o37, o14, o11, o25, o23, o21, o28, o16, o24, o8, o26, o27 and s. flexneri la, lb, 2a, 2b, 4a, 4b, 6, 5a, 5b, as well as between hafnia o10, o21, o35, o36, o9, o28, o8, o30 and s. boydii 1, 3, 6, 14, 2, 5, 2, 12 have been reveal ...19862431565
inhibition of yersinia enterocolitica serotype o3 by natural microflora of pork.yersinia enterocolitica serotype o3 did not grow but did survive in inoculated raw ground pork kept at 6 and 25 degrees c. the antagonistic effect of microbial flora, especially hafnia alvei and environmental yersinia organisms, on the growth of y. enterocolitica serotype o3 in raw ground pork was evident. these results were supported by evidence of the inhibition of growth of y. enterocolitica serotype o3 by enterobacteriaceae, especially h. alvei and environmental yersinia organisms, in mixed ...19863729395
[a test for the identification of hafnia alvei bacteria by the color reaction with a complex of 5-nitro-8-hydroxyquinoline + iron ions]. 19862429042
[taxonomy and systematics of pathogenic microorganisms].the modern state of the problem of the systematics of microorganisms is analyzed and the data on the taxonomy of bacteria belonging to the family enterobacteriaceae are presented. the importance of studies on the taxonomy of microorganisms is emphasized. these studies play a vital role in the development of diagnostic preparations and techniques for the identification of infective agents, as well as in the realization of epidemiological surveillance. much attention is given to the works of sovie ...19862432744
o-nitrophenyl-beta-d-galactopyranoside-urease-indole broth, a new composite tube medium for salmonella screening.a new composite broth medium combining o-nitrophenyl-beta-d-galactopyranoside (onpg) and urease and indole tests in a single tube is described. high-level agreement with individual conventional tests was recorded in comparative studies with 2,412 cultures of members of the family enterobacteriaceae, i.e., 100% agreement with the exception of hafnia spp. (96.3% agreement) for the onpg test and citrobacter, enterobacter, and hafnia spp. (75, 86.4, and 98.2% agreement, respectively) for the urease ...19863639886
bacterial sources of putrescine and cadaverine in chill stored vacuum-packaged beef.of the meat strains of streptobacteria, leuconostocs, enterobacteriaceae and brochothrix thermosphacta tested, only hafnia alvei and serratia liquefaciens showed diamine-producing potential during growth in pure culture on beef stored in vacuum packs at 1 degree c. both organisms produced cadaverine at concentrations similar to those reported previously in naturally contaminated beef stored under the same conditions. putrescine concentrations produced by the two organisms, however, were an order ...19863771410
rapid catalase supplemental test for identification of members of the family enterobacteriaceae.a simple, rapid, semiquantitative slide catalase test useful for differentiating members of the family enterobacteriaceae is described. judging by the time required for appearance of oxygen bubbles in 3% hydrogen peroxide, the immediate catalase reactors were yersinia, serratia, proteus, morganella, providencia, cedecea, and hafnia spp. the delayed catalase reactors were escherichia, shigella, klebsiella, enterobacter, salmonella, citrobacter, edwardsiella, kluyvera, and tatumella spp. this info ...19873818934
two-hour miniaturized system for detection of enteropathogenic bacteria in stool cultures.a miniaturized 2-h system for detection of lactose-negative potentially enteropathogenic bacteria on the basis of nine enzymatic tests was evaluated. the system was challenged with 210 strains of lactose-negative and lactose-positive species grown on macconkey agar. specific and constant patterns were found for salmonella, shigella a-c, yersinia enterocolitica, aeromonas spp. and vibrio cholerae. shigella sonnei and hafnia alvei had an identical pattern, likewise plesiomonas shigelloides, haloph ...19873440458
a study of predominant aerobic microflora of black bears (ursus americanus) and grizzly bears (ursus arctos) in northwestern alberta.swab specimens were obtained from nasal, rectal, and preputial or vaginal areas of 37 grizzly and 17 black bears, captured during may to june of 1981 to 1983, to determine the types and frequency of predominant aerobic microflora. bacterial genera most frequently isolated from bears were escherichia, citrobacter, hafnia, proteus, staphylococcus, and streptococcus species, comprising about 65% of the isolates. erwinia, xanthomonas, agrobacterium, rhizobium, and gluconobacter/acetobacter were also ...19873447691
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