PMID(sorted ascending)
perinatal campylobacter fetus ss jejuni enteritis.a 2-day-old breast-fed male infant developed mucoid and blood diarrhoea, and campylobacter fetus ss jejuni was isolated from the stools but not from the blood. the probable source of transmission was his mother in whom symptoms of campylobacter jejuni-associated illness began one day earlier. both showed igm, igg and iga antibody responses to autologous and reciprocal strains of campylobacter jejuni as studied by elisa.19817234412
acute cholecystitis and campylobacter fetus. 19817235429
antimicrobial susceptibility of campylobacter jejuni and campylobacter fetus subsp. fetus to eight cephalosporins with special reference to species differentiation.agar dilution antimicrobial susceptibility testing showed that campylobacter jejuni was significantly more resistant than campylobacter fetus subsp. fetus (intestinalis) to cephalosporin c, cephaloridine, cephalothin, cefazolin, and cefamandole. no species differences in susceptibility were noted with cephalexin, cefotaxime, and cefoxitin. rapid species differentiation on the basis of an antibiogram could be achieved with the disk diffusion method. c jejuni failed to produce a zone of inhibition ...19807235681
long-term infections with campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni.seventy-three apparently healthy, rural south african schoolchildren 6 to 8 or 13 to 16 years of age were examined five times over a 16-month period for fecal pathogens. nine were positive for campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni. the organism was isolated intermittently from six children for at least 9 months and from three children for more than 1 year. five of the long-term infections occurred among the 46 children aged 6 to 8 years (10.9%) versus one long-term infection among the 27 children ag ...19817240397
campylobacter enterocolitis.we report four patients with bloody diarrhea and colitis from campylobacter fetus subspecies jejuni. two patients had dogs with campylobacter fetus in their stools. all patients responded rapidly and completely to erythromycin therapy. campylobacter fetus subspecies jejuni is now a relatively common cause of enterocolitis, more common than salmonella or shigella. when the organism causes short-lived water diarrhea, a definitive diagnosis is not necessary. in a patient with bloody diarrhea and ac ...19817240691
arthritis associated with campylobacter jejuni enteritis.among 342 patients with infection due to campylobacter fetus ss. jejuni, 8 cases (2.3%) of arthritis were found. three patients had monoarthritis and 5 oligoor polyarthritis. the arthritis began 4 days - 4 weeks after the onset of diarrhoea; this interval and the synovial fluid findings suggest that the arthritis was reactive. the histocompatibility antigen hla-b 27 was identified in 5 of the 7 patients tested.19817244582
campylobacter infections in pregnancy. case report and literature review.campylobacter fetus is a major cause of venereally transmitted abortion and sterility in ungulates, and a recently recognized, common enteric pathogen in man. the role of the organism as a cause of human fetal wastage has not been delineated. we present a case of bacteremic campylobacter infection in a pregnant woman, and review the published cases of campylobacteriosis in pregnancy and the perinatal period. systemic maternal infection may present either as prolonged febrile illness or fulminant ...19817246658
antimicrobial susceptibility of campylobacter jejuni with special reference to resistance patterns of canadian isolates.agar dilution antimicrobial susceptibility testing of camphylobacter jejuni showed that erythromycin, clindamycin, nitrofurantoin, and gentamicin were the most active compounds, inhibiting 90% of the isolates at a concentration of 1 microgram/ml or less. the frequency of high-level erythromycin resistance was 1%. erythromycin-resistant isolates showed cross-resistance to clindamycin. all strains were inhibited by chloramphenicol at less than or equal to 8 micrograms/ml. about 20% of the isolates ...19817247381
the hamster as a reservoir of campylobacter fetus subspecies jejuni. 19817252269
diarrhea due to campylobacter fetus subspecies jejuni. a clinical review of 63 cases.campylobacter fetus subspecies jejuni was isolated fom the feces of 63 (3.2%) of the 1,953 patients who had stools cultured at the mayo clinic in 1979. in contrast, salmonella and shigella combined were isolated from 31 (1.6%) patients. two patients had double infections with salmonella species and c. fetus subsp jejuni. three patients had no diarrhea at the time of stool culture. one patient, who had chronic lymphocytic leukemia, had both blood and stool cultures positive for c. fetus subsp jej ...19817253703
isolation of campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni from the gallbladder of normal slaughter pigs, using an enrichment procedure. 19817258027
reiter's syndrome in association with enteritis due to campylobacter fetus ssp. 18-year-old girl with reiter's syndrome after febrile diarrhoea was found to be infected with campylobacter fetus spp. jejuni. excretion of campylobacter into stools was stopped by erythromycin therapy, but active polyarthritis lasted for 6 months. the patient was positive for hla b27.19817259333
relative frequency of clostridium difficile in patients with diarrheal disease.we have studied 161 patients with diarrheal disease to determine the frequency with which clostridium difficile occurs in such patients. c. difficile or its toxin or both were detected in stools from 19 patients (11.9%), 17 of whom had previously received antimicrobial agents. enteric pathogens other than c. difficile were recovered less frequently, with salmonella sp., giardia lamblia, and campylobacter fetus being recovered from 4.1, 2.5, and 1.3%, respectively, of the patients studied. these ...19817263852
the clinical spectrum of campylobacter fetus infections: report of five cases and review of the literature.five cases of extra-intestinal campylobacter fetus infections are described and an additional 242 cases are reviewed from the literature. a variety of clinical syndromes are encountered including endocarditis; thrombophlebitis; meningitis; pneumonia and pleuritis; and infectious arthritis. thirty-eight per cent of patients presented with bacteremia enteritis. campylobacter fetus demonstrates a preference for endovascular surfaces. the majority of patients are male and have an underlying illness. ...19807267960
persistent excretion of campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni. 19817272877
[gastrointestinal infections caused by campylobacter fetus]. 19817274796
campylobacter fetus subsp jejuni: its possible significance in enteric disease of calves and lambs.fecal samples from 127 diarrheic and 3 healthy beef calves, representing 25 herds with enteric disease, were cultured for campylobacter, using filtration and a selective medium. campylobacter fetus subsp jejuni (cfj) was isolated from 51 (40%) of the diarrheic calves representing 14 (56%) herds and from the 3 clinically healthy calves (1 each in 3 of these 14 herds). campylobacter fetus subsp intestinalis was not isolated from the calves. fecal samples from 36 diarrheic and 20 healthy lambs repr ...19817283242
intestinal colonization of neonatal animals by campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni.neonatal mice (2.3 to 2.8 g) were inoculated intragastrically with different human isolates of campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni. at weekly intervals thereafter, mice were sacrificed and dilution plate counts were performed on segments of the gastrointestinal tract. mice were uniformly colonized by some strains for 2 weeks, whereas other strains were being cleared at that time. one strain (bo216) persisted in some mice for 3 weeks. the greatest number of organisms (10(7)) was recovered from the ...19817287188
evaluation of media for isolation of campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni from fecal specimens.isolation rates of campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni from human fecal specimens were equivalent after broth enrichment (thioglycolate medium containing antibiotics) and direct inoculation on two brucella blood agar media containing ferrous sulfate, sodium metabisulfite, and sodium pyruvate, identical concentrations of vancomycin and trimethoprim, and different concentrations of polymyxin b and cephalothin. studies with clinical isolates of c. fetus subsp. jejuni demonstrated temperature-dependen ...19817287894
campylobacter gastroenteritis in neonates.campylobacter fetus enteritis is thought to be an unusual infection in the newborn. we describe eight term neonates with gastroenteritis caused by c fetus subspecies jejuni who were seen during a two-year period. symptoms of bloody diarrhea (7/8) and irritability (6/8) began between 2 and 11 days of age. none of the infants was seriously ill; only one infant was febrile. none of the seven infants who had blood cultures drawn had bacteremia with c fetus, and none of the infants had complications. ...19817293989
transmissible plasmids from campylobacter jejuni.tetracycline resistance in clinical isolates of campylobacter jejuni was shown to be plasmid mediated. intra- and interspecies transfers to c. fetus subsp. fetus were demonstrated. the frequency of transfer was increased by approximately 100-fold on a solid surface by using a plate- or filter-mating procedure, as compared with a liquid-mating method. results of experiments in which cell-free filtrates were used to replace the donor strain in mating experiments tend to rule out bacteriophage-medi ...19817294767
experimental campylobacter diarrhea in animal model for campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni enteritis was developed in 3-day-old chickens. diarrhea was induced in 88% (22 of 25) of chickens inoculated with 9 x 10(7) bacteria given orally. the mean incubation time was 45 h (range, 24 to 72 h). considerable weight loss was observed in the experimental group compared with the control group. ninety bacteria was the minimal infective dose capable of inducing diarrhea in 90% of the chickens. overall mortality was 32% (8 of 25). light micr ...19817298187
susceptibility of campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni, isolated from patients in jakarta, indonesia to ten antimicrobial agents. 19817298551
campylobacter colitis: a common infectious form of acute colitis.a case of acute ulcerating colitis due to campylobacter fetus is presented. the radiographic and endoscopic findings are indistinguishable from those of idiopathic acute ulcerative colitis. the clinical and bacteriological data relating to campylobacter are discussed.19817308695
isolation of campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni from bangladeshi determine the prevalence of infection with campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni in bangladesh, culture surveys were conducted among three populations. in dacca, campylobacter was isolated from 5.2% of 97 individuals with clinical dysentery and from 12.3% of 204 patients with only diarrhea. this difference may have resulted from a greater representation of young children in the second group. campylobacter was isolated from 17.7% of the 141 healthy village children aged 1 to 5.5 years and from 38. ...19807309841
effect of moisture content of the medium on colony morphology of campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni.reduction in the moisture content of the medium produced a profound effect on the colony morphology of campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni. fresh medium produced flat, grayfish, spreading colonies with an irregular shape and variety appearance. plates that were incubated at 30 degrees c for 48 h produced round, convex, butyrous colonies with an entire edge. plates incubated at 30 degrees c for 24 h before inoculation produced colonies of an intermediate nature; they were round and raised, but not ...19817309853
the occurrence of campylobacter jejuni in fresh food and survival under different conditions.campylobacter jejuni was an almost regular finding in chickens and in minced meat from pigs and cattle sold in ordinary food stores. the bacteria survived on the food at 4 degrees c for one week and frozen at -20 degrees c for three months. none of the strains tested survived heat treatment at 60 degrees c for longer than 15 min. c. jejuni is apparently a frequent guest in most kitchens. correct food handling and heat treatment to at least 60 degrees c for 15 min should be enough to prevent infe ...19817310124
campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni: experience in a large chicago medical center.from january 1979 through december 1979, 2069 stool specimens received by our laboratory for enteric culturing were additionally examined for the presence of campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni. the study population included inpatients, outpatients and hospital food handlers. patients were included regardless of symptoms. enteric pathogens were identified as follows: salmonella, 27 isolates; campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni, 26 isolates; and shigella, 11 isolates. twenty-five of 26 patients with ...19817315864
occurrence of campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni and yersinia enterocolitica in domestic animals and in some foods of animal origin in finland.fecal samples of some domestic animals were investigated for occurrence of c. fetus subsp. jejuni and y. enterocolitica. the findings in this survey suggest, that the contamination rate in domestic animals for both bacteria is low. raw milk, pasteurized milk or ground meat samples were not positive for c. fetus subsp. jejuni. four per cent of the raw milk samples were positive for y. enterocolitica. each of the y. enterocolitica strains belonged to nilehn's biotype 1 and they were noninvasive.19817329785
immunity in the female bovine reproductive tract based on the response to "campylobacter fetus". 19817331952
nature of immunity in the male bovine reproductive tract based upon responses to campylobacter fetus and trichomonas fetus. 19817331953
clinical and serological studies in patients with campylobacter fetus ssp. jejuni infection: i. clinical findings.stool samples from 775 patients with diarrhoea referred to a hospital over an 18-month period were cultured for campylobacter fetus ssp. jejuni, and in 55 patients (7.1%), infections were identified. in addition, one asymptomatic patient had a positive stool sample and serological evidence of a current infection. the patients were aged between 11 and 76 years, the majority being in the age group 15 to 39 years. the symptoms included diarrhoea (in almost 100%), fever (in 80%) and abdominal tender ...19817333678
clinical and serological studies in patients with campylobacter fetus ssp. jejuni infection: ii. serological findings.the serological responses of 53 patients with campylobacter fetus ssp. jejuni enteritis were determined with formalinized, boiled and autoclaved antigen suspensions of four reference strains and the autologous isolate. agglutinin titres of 400 or greater were found against both formalinized and boiled reference antigens in 64% of the patients. using boiled reference antigens five seropositive patients were found who had not been detected with the formalinized reference antigens, and vice versa. ...19817333679
[campylobacter-enteritis in children (author's transl)].during 1980 out of 3,680 stool specimens of children aged up to 6 years with diarrhea routinely screened for enteropathogenic bacteria, 72 cases of campylobacter fetus ssp. jejuni infection were found. they were more common during the summer months, in children aged less than 4 years, and in boys rather than in girls (2, 9:1). the most common symptoms were watery, mucus, and haemorrhagic diarrhea, fever, vomiting and abdominal pain. all strains exhibited nearly identical sensitivity patterns for ...19817335094
[campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni as a surface contaminant of fresh and chilled pig carcasses (author's transl)].an investigation was carried out into the occurrence of campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni on the surfaces of fresh and chilled pig carcasses. swabs were taken of the water in the scald-tank, from cut surfaces, and from cut surfaces of carcasses that had been stored at 5 degrees c for 4 days. a total of 310 swabs was investigated, of which 10 were from the scald-tank, 100 from livers, 100 from cut surfaces, and 100 from cut surfaces of carcasses stored at refrigeration temperature. a specific enr ...19817335483
[the occurrence of campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni and salmonella bacteria in some wild birds (author's transl)].an investigation was carried out into the occurrence of campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni and salmonella species in some wild birds. a total of 129 birds was examined, consisting of 71 pigeons, 54 seagulls, three crows and one raven. campylobacter bacteria were isolated from 32 birds (24.8%), of which three were pigeons, 27 seagulls and two were crows. of the 27 campylobacter strains isolated from seagulls, four had the biochemical characteristics of the nartc biotype described by skirrow and be ...19817335487
a re-examination of the role of campylobacter fetus subspecies coli in enteric disease of the pig.campylobacter fetus subspecies coli was isolated from the small intestines of 17 piglets less than six weeks of age submitted for diagnosis. sixteen of these animals had enteritis and in five of them no other probable bacterial cause of the enteric lesions was identified. changes including congestion of the small intestinal mucosa, reduction in the height of the villi, thickening of the terminal ileum and histological evidence for inflammatory change in the small intestine were seen at post mort ...19817336550
campylobacter fetus subspecies intestinalis in syria. 19817340087
tritrichomonas foetus agglutination tests upon samples collected from cattle: cross-reactions associated with vaccination against campylobacter fetus subsp venerealis. 19817340796
campylobacter enteritis mimicking acute abdominal emergency.among 81 hospitalized patients with enteritis due to campylobacter fetus ssp. jejuni, abdominal pain was found to be an outstanding symptom, being observed in half the patients on admission. in 16 patients pain was the main reason for admission and in 5 prompted laparotomy. in 4 cases appendicitis was suspected, but in only 2 was slight inflammation seen; in 1 of these, however, the inflammation could not be verified by microscopic examination. one patient was operated on because of intestinal o ...19817344386
campylobacter fetus ss. jejuni, a newly recognized enteric pathogen: morphology and intestinal colonization.campylobacter fetus ss. jejuni has recently been recognized as a frequent enteric pathogen of man. although long known as a significant pathogen of domestic animals, little is known regarding mechanisms of colonization and pathogenesis. in an effort to study the colonization and morphology of this organism, we used scanning electron microscopy to examine ilea and colons from mice in which a human isolate of c. fetus ss. jejuni had been inoculated. when inoculated into the ileum of the mice, a tr ...19817347416
[campylobacter fetus jejuni: incidence in diarrhea and antimicrobial sensitivity]. 19807348345
acute colitis caused by campylobacter fetus ss. jejuni.campylobacter fetus ss. jejuni has been recently recognized as a common human enteric pathogen; however, the pathology and pathophysiology of the enteritis caused by this agent are still largely obscure. we report 4 patients who presented with acute abdominal pain and bloody diarrhea and who had c. fetus ss. jejuni isolated from fecal cultures. each patient showed a fourfold rise in serum igg titer to the organism isolated. in all 4 patients colonic involvement was noted on sigmoidoscopic examin ...19807351284
[the presence of campylobacter fetus subspecies jejuni in normal slaughtered pigs (author's transl)].as part of epidemiological studies the intestinal contents of 300 normal slaughtered pigs were examined for the presence of c. fetus jejuni. samples were collected from six different slaughter houses. from 182 of these samples (60.7 per cent) c. fetus spp. jejuni was isolated using the method as described by lauwers (8). isolates were confirmed by the results of the following tests: oxidase, catalase, motility, growth at 25 degrees c, production of h2s, reduction of nitrate, growth in 3.5 per ce ...19807352330
hippurate hydrolysis by campylobacter additional method for differentiating between campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni and c. fetus subsp. intestinalis is reported. strains of c. fetus subsp. jejuni (18/20) were shown to hydrolyze hippurate in the 2-h rapid test, whereas strains of c. fetus subsp. intestinalis did not.19807372805
reservoirs for human campylobacteriosis.the epidemiology of human enteric infection due to campylobacter fetus subspecies jejuni is not well understood. to determine whether an endogenous human reservoir is present, the rate of isolation of c. fetus subspecies jejuni from several populations of diarrheal and asymptomatic adults and children were compared. c. fetus subspecies jejuni was recovered from 4.1% of patients with diarrhea and 66.7% of household contacts of the index patients who themselves had diarrhea. carriage of organisms ...19807373089
mucosal invasion in campylobacter enteritis.campylobacter fetus subspecies jejuni has recently been recognized as a significant cause of enteritis in humans. the organism has been previously postulated to cause illness by direct invasion of the mucosa of the gastrointestinal tract, but this has not been documented. reported is a case of campylobacter enteritis in which mucosal ulceration and crypt sbscesses were seen on rectal biopsy, suggesting that the pathogenesis of campylobacter fetus enteritis involves direct mucosal invasion.19807377140
campylobacter colitis presentin as inflammatory bowel disease with segmental colonic ulcerations.campylobacter fetus subspecies have recently been recognized as an important cause of diarrheal illness in humans. we report a case of culture positive c. fetus colitis with colonoscopic findings of segmental mucosal edema, loss of normal vascular pattern with ulceration, and patchy involvement of mucosa. these colonoscopic findings were similar to those seen in granulomatous colitis. however, these findings may be difficult to distinguish from a number of other colonic mucosal diseases such as ...19807380209
cellular fatty acid composition of campylobacter fetus.the cellular fatty acid composition of 29 human and animal isolates of campylobacter fetus was determined with gas-liquid chromatography. all strains contained small amounts of 3-hydroxytetradecanoic acid, suggesting the presence of lipid a. each of 13 different blood or stool isolates of c. fetus subsp. jejuni obtained from humans or fowl contained a 19-carbon cyclopropane acid which was not present in c. fetus subsp. fetus (6 strains from cattle) or c. fetus subsp. intestinalis (10 strains fro ...19807381008
broiler chickens as potential source of campylobacter infections in humans.of 46 broiler chickens from a live poultry market in new york city, 38 (83%) harbored campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni in their rectal flora. the observed mean number of c. fetus per g of feces was 4.4 x 10(6). the organisms survived in the feces for at least 96 h at 4 degrees c whether stored in the gut or transferred to a vial. the best survival medium for pure cultures of c. fetus subsp.jejuni was heart infusion broth supplemented with sterile blood and kept in a microaerophilic atmosphere.19807381018
meningitis caused by campylobacter fetus ssp jejuni. 19807388445
pathogenicity of campylobacter fetus subsp. venerealis in causing infertility in cattle. 19807388595
a case of campylobacter fetus septicemia in maine. 19807391695
campylobacteriosis in jamaican cattle.infertility is a widespread problem among cattle herds in jamaica and an intergovernmental project was initiated to investigate the problem. one aspect of the project included diagnosis of campylobacteriosis (vibriosis), which was suspected in some herds but had not been confirmed in the laboratory. tests were undertaken in late 1978 using improved techniques for handling and transporting specimens to the laboratory. campylobacter fetus subspecies fetus was isolated from five of six herds tested ...19807395025
a human strain of campylobacter fetus subsp. intestinalis grown at 42 degrees c. 19807400351
a human strain of campylobacter fetus subsp. intestinalis grown at 42 degrees c. 19807400364
campylobacter fetus subspecies jejuni bacteremia. 19807403927
antigens of campylobacter fetus subsp fetus eliciting vaccinal immunity in heifers.these studies were designed to identify the antigens of campylobacter fetus subsp fetus that elicit vaccinal immunity. heifers were vaccinated subcutaneously twice (42 days between vaccinations) with bacterins containing k, o, and h antigens (group a), o and h antigens (group b), or o antigen (group c) of the challenge strain. five heifers were not vaccinated and served as controls (group d). two weeks after heifers were given the second vaccination, the immunity of all heifers was challenge exp ...19807406293
serology of campylobacter fetus ss. jejuni )"related" campylobacters). demonstration of strain-specific and interstrain-related antigens by immunoelectrophoresis and co-agglutination.rabbit antisera against two strains of campylobacter fetus ss. fetus (serotype a), two strains of c. fetus ss. intestinalis (serotypes a and b respectively), and eight stains of c. fetus ss. jejuni were used in serological studies of these strains with the use of co-agglutination (coa), line-rocket immunoelectrophoresis (l-rie) and rocket-line immunoelectrophoresis (r-lie). whole bacterial cells, either heated at 56 degrees c. boiled or atuoclaved, were used in coa tests. unheated sonicates were ...19807415842
bacteriostatic and bactericidal activities of 24 antimicrobial agents against campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni.the bacteriostatic and bactericidal activities of 24 antimicrobial agents were tested with the dynatech mic 2000 system against 86 strains of campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni from human sources. the penicillins (penicillin g, ampicillin, amoxycillin, carbenicillin) had poor activity. ampicillin and amoxycillin were equally active. cefotaxime revealed a rather good activity. erythromycin, gentamicin, tobramycin, amikacin, and furazolidone were the most active compounds. two strains (2.3%) were r ...19807416738
campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni as a cause of gastroenteritis in jakarta, indonesia.campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni was isolated from the feces of 15 out of 144 (10%) children (0 to 9 years old) and 4 out of 251 (2%) adults with gastroenteritis and was found together with another enteric pathogen in 2 of the children and in all 4 adults. it was isolated from 2 out of 7 (28%) children and 3 out of 160 (2%) adults with suspected typhoid fever. the bacterium was recovered from 3 out of 4 orphanage children with diarrhea and from 1 without symptoms and was isolated from only 1 ch ...19807419706
[campylobacter fetus subspecies jejuni in chickens (author's transl)].a bacteriological examination of 239 chickens coming from 89 commerical flocks yielded a high incidence of campylobacter fetus subspecies jejuni isolations. from 30.1% of the birds or 41.6% of the flocks this micro-organism was isolated from 28.6% of the jejunal contents and 11.2% of the bile samples respectively. in contrast this agent could not be isolated from the skin or peritoneal cavity of 750 carcasses of broilers (13 flocks) before of after freezing in. no correlation could be found betw ...19807423469
an outbreak of acute enteritis due to campylobacter fetus subspecies jejuni at a nursery school of outbreak of acute enteritis due to campylobacter fetus subspecies jejuni involving a total of 35 out of 74 children occurred at a nursery school of tokyo in january 1979 and lasted for 7 days. it was the first case of a community outbreak of the disease to be recognized in japan. the major symptoms observed in the patients consisted of diarrhea (88%), fever (82%), abdominal pain (39%), and vomiting (6.1%). the rate of isolation of the organism from the patients was 39%. sera of four patients ...19807432196
campylobacter spp in enteric lesions in cattle.campylobacters were isolated from the intestinal mucosa of 16 of 47 cattle examined post mortem. of the 17 isolates seven were identified as campylobacter fetus subsp jejuni, eight as cf subsp intestinalis, one as c fecalis and one remained unidentified. cf subsp jejuni and cf subsp intestinalis were both recovered from one case. gross changes were not always seen at the sites from which campylobacters were isolated but microscopic changes were seen in all cases. the changes seen are described a ...19807434541
campylobacter fetus subspecies jejuni: a common cause of diarrhea in sweden.stool samples from approximately 2,550 patients with gastrointestinal infections were cultured for bacterial pathogens between january 1978 and september 1979, and 277 campylobacter (10.9%), 183 salmonella, 89 shigella, and 17 yersinia infections were identified. campylobacter was found in all age groups, with the majority in the age group of 20-34 years. most cases of campylobacter diarrhea were isolated during summer or late fall. after five weeks, 90% of the patients had no campylobacter in t ...19807441005
hypocomplementemia and campylobacter fetus infection.a middle-aged alcoholic man had low c3 levels during two consecutive episodes of bacteremia with campylobacter fetus, with a return of c3 levels to normal during the interbacteremic period. total complement levels remained below normal throughout the patient's illness, whereas c4 and c3 activator values were in the normal or supranormal range. a rise and fall in hemagglutinating antibody titers, documenting an immune response, coupled with reasonable antimicrobial therapy were not sufficient to ...19807444533
production of diarrhoea and dysentery in experimental calves by feeding pure cultures of campylobacter fetus subspecies jejuni.pure cultures of campylobacter fetus subspecies jejuni of bovine origin were used to inoculate three ruminating calves in each of two experiments and three milk-fed calves in another. inoculated animals all developed clinical signs which included fewer (to 41 degrees c), diarrhoea and sporadic dysentery within one to three days of inoculation. diarrhoeic faeces were dark, mucoid, of uniform consistency and were passed for six to 15 days. the eight control animals did not develop this syndrome. c ...19807445343
laboratory-acquired campylobacter enteritis.a case of gastroenteritis occurred in a laboratory worker 2 1/2 days after exposure in the laboratory to a culture of campylobacter fetus ss jejuni. spontaneous recovery was complete after 1 1/2 weeks.19817455753
campylobacter enteritis in order to establish a reasonable protocol for a diagnostic laboratory we conducted a survey during which we confined the routine culture of stool samples for campylobacter fetus to two groups--all infants under 2 years of age, and older children and adults with obviously diarrhoeic stools. camp. fetus was isolated from 100 of 2323 stool specimens (4,3%). this is within the 3 - 8% isolation rates previously reported from surveys in which all specimens were cultured. camp. fetus isolates represe ...19817455853
'1001' campylobacters: cultural characteristics of intestinal campylobacters from man and animals.the cultural characteristics of 1220 campylobacter strains from a variety of sources are described. forty-two were identified as campylobacter fetus ssp. fetus (véron & chatelain, 1973), 1120 as members of the c. jejuni/c. coli group, and 58 did not conform to any known description. sixteen of the latter strains had the basic characteristics of c. fetus but were atypical in certain other respects. the other 42 strains had the thermophilic characteristics of the jejuni/coli group, but were resist ...19807462593
campylobacter fetus ssp jejuni: isolation from patients with gastroenteritis.within a seven-month period, campylobacter fetus ssp jejuni was isolated in east tennessee from 18 patients with gastroenteritis; 83% of these patients had bloody diarrhea. absence of other enteric organisms such as salmonella, shigella, and yersinia implicated c fetus ssp jejuni as the causative agent. a fourfold increase in titer by tube agglutination from four of eight patients studied supported the pathogenicity of this organism. treatment with erythromycin alleviated gastroenteritis symptom ...19817466431
serum antibody response to the superficial and released components of helicobacter pylori.superficial and released components were extracted from six selected helicobacter pylori strains. the protein and antigenic profiles of these extracts were representative of the profiles found most frequently among the clinical strains and included major peptidic fractions at 19, 23.5, 57, 68, 76, 118, and 132 kda and major antigens at 68, 57, and 23.5 kda. immuno-cross-reactions were seen with a hyperimmune rabbit serum to campylobacter fetus but not with sera to campylobacter jejuni or salmone ...19947496968
identification of campylobacter fetus by pcr-dna probe method.a pcr method for rapid identification of campylobacter fetus subsp. fetus was evaluated. a fragment of the gene coding for 16s rrna was amplified from crude cell lysates of 18 c. fetus strains and 30 strains representing other campylobacter species and subspecies. the amplicons were probed by dot blot hybridization with a digoxigenin-labeled c. fetus-specific oligonucleotide probe. the probe reacted only with c. fetus subsp. fetus and c. fetus subsp. venerealis and may be useful for rapid identi ...19957542273
promising new carbapenem antibiotics for treatment of neonatal meningitis due to campylobacter fetus. 19957561257
genome map of campylobacter fetus subsp. fetus atcc 27374.a physical map of the chromosome of campylobacter fetus subsp. fetus was constructed by using pulsed-field gel electrophoresis of restriction fragments generated by sali, smai and noti. digestion of the type strain atcc 27374 with these restriction endonucleases resulted in generating 4-14 fragments. the order of the fragments was deduced from hybridization of these restriction fragments to southern blots of pulsed-field gel electrophoresis gels generated by the other two enzymes. the estimated ...19957590179
in vivo pefloxacin-resistant campylobacter fetus responsible for gastro-intestinal infection and bacteremia associated with arthritis of the hip.the authors report a case of campylobacter fetus subsp. fetus gastro-intestinal infection and bacteremia with poly-arthritis, mainly of the hip, in a french patient simultaneously suffering from cirrhosis of the liver. the outcome was eventually favorable, however only after a trial of ineffective pefloxacin-gentamicin therapy. the authors suggest: (i) gentamicin should not be given alone in c. fetus subsp. fetus infections, and (ii) pefloxacin should not be given if antibiotic sensitivities dat ...19957618366
iatrogenic compressive lumbar myelopathy and radiculopathy in adult cattle following injection of an adjuvanted bacterin into loin muscle: histopathology and ultrastructure.compressive lumbar myelopathy is a recognized iatrogenic complication of injecting water-in-oil vaccines into paravertebral sites of laboratory animals and chickens. herein, we report the histologic and ultrastructural features of a similar complication in a herd of cattle. iatrogenic posterior paresis developed over 34 days in 56 of 610 cows (9.2%) following injection of a commercial bacterin 11-34 days earlier into m. longissimus lumborum. the bacterin was composed of inactivated escherichia c ...19957619907
analysis of strains of campylobacter fetus by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis.campylobacter fetus chromosomal dna from 21 strains was analyzed by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis. the fingerprint patterns generated with smai and sali were distinctive. using the profiles obtained by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis, we established the phylogenetic dendrogram of c. fetus to identify the genetic relationship of the strains.19957650215
a survey of campylobacter bacteremia in three danish counties, 1989 to 1994.over a 5-year period (april 1989 to march 1994) bacteremia caused by campylobacter species was diagnosed in 15 patients in a population of 1.3 million in three counties in jutland province, denmark. the incidence was 0.2/100,000/year and the ratio of blood to fecal isolates, was 0.008. campylobacter coli and campylobacter jejuni accounted for 6 cases each, campylobacter fetus for 2, and in 1 case the species diagnosis was uncertain. seven patients were males and 8 females; median age was 42 (ran ...19957660078
shift in s-layer protein expression responsible for antigenic variation in campylobacter fetus.campylobacter fetus strains possess regular paracrystalline surface layers (s-layers) composed of high-molecular-weight proteins and can change the size and crystalline structure of the predominant protein expressed. polyclonal antisera demonstrate antigenic cross-reactivity among these proteins but suggest differences in epitopes. monoclonal antibodies to the 97-kda s-layer protein of campylobacter fetus subsp. fetus strain 82-40lp showed three different reactivities. monoclonal antibody 1d1 re ...19937688715
protein shift and antigenic variation in the s-layer of campylobacter fetus subsp. venerealis during bovine infection accompanied by genomic rearrangement of sapa homologs.campylobacter fetus subsp. venerealis isolated from a case of human vaginosis was inoculated into the uterus of a c. fetus-negative heifer. isolates obtained weekly from the vaginal mucus exhibited variations in high-molecular-mass-protein profiles from that of the original inoculum, which had a dominant 110-kda s-layer protein. immunoblots of the weekly isolates with monoclonal antibody probes against the 110-kda s-layer protein and other c. fetus s-layer proteins demonstrated antigenic shifts. ...19957721688
interleukin-8 response of gastric epithelial cell lines to helicobacter pylori stimulation in vitro.gastric infection with helicobacter pylori activates a mucosal inflammatory response by mononuclear cells and neutrophils that includes expression of cytokines interleukin-1 beta (il-1 beta), il-6, tumor necrosis factor alpha, and il-8. in this study, we analyzed the il-8 response of human gastric cancer cell lines (kato iii, ags, and mkn28) to h. pylori infection in vitro. il-8 mrna expression was detected by reverse transcription-pcr amplification of rna extracted from epithelial cells after i ...19957729872
[campylobacter fetus subspecies fetus endoaortitis on a bentall tube prosthesis. apropos of a case].campylobacter fetus is a rare cause of endocarditis and endoaortitis: the authors believe this to be the second reported case of infection of an intracardiac prosthesis. the patient was a man who had already undergone replacement of the aortic valve and ascending aorta, and a gastrectomy, which were predisposing factors. the portal of entry was not found. the diagnosis was confirmed by positive blood cultures and transoesophageal echocardiography. the outcome was rapidly fatal despite antibiotic ...19947771897
segmental conservation of sapa sequences in type b campylobacter fetus cells.campylobacter fetus cells may exist as either of two defined serogroups (type a or b) based on their lipopolysaccharide (lps) composition. wild-type strains contain surface array proteins (s-layer proteins) that have partial antigenic cross-reactivity but bind exclusively to lps from homologous (type a or b) cells. type a cells possess 8 homologs of sapa, which encodes a 97-kda s-layer protein; the gene products of these homologs have a conserved n terminus of 184 amino acids. to further explore ...19957797493
good's syndrome with a block in the early stage of b cell differentiation and complicated by campylobacter fetus sepsis.a 63-year-old man was admitted for campylobacter fetus sepsis and immunodeficiency syndrome with thymoma (good's syndrome). serological examination demonstrated hypoimmunoglobulinemia. analysis of lymphocyte subsets in the peripheral blood and bone marrow showed marked decreases in the proportion of cells bearing b cell markers. however, there were no abnormalities of cellular immunity. this is a rare case of good's syndrome in japan in which the pathogenic mechanism involved a block in the earl ...19947803919
isolation of campylobacter fetus subspecies fetus from a gluteal abscess. 19947811889
[campylobacter fetus subsp. fetus in a patient with liver cirrhosis]. 19947821945
[campylobacter fetus, an infrequent microbe, as a cause of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis in cirrhosis].campylobacter fetus has been implicated in the etiology of sepsis and bacteriemias in immunosupressed subjects. in a few cases, it has also been reported to be responsible for spontaneous bacterial peritonitis in cirrhotic patients. we describe the clinical picture of a woman with terminal liver cirrhosis who had bacteriemia and spontaneous bacterial peritonitis caused by this agent. we argue about the history of cleansing enemas and their probable role in the development of the infection. we st ...19947848698
localization of the sapa gene on a physical map of campylobacter fetus chromosomal dna.we constructed a physical map of campylobacter fetus tk(+) chromosomal dna digested by either smai, sali, or noti using pulsed-field gel electrophoresis and southern hybridization data. the genome size of c. fetus tk(+) is 2016kb, larger than that reported by the others. to locate the sapa gene, which encodes the surface array protein (sap), on the physical map, we performed southern hybridizations with probes based on the conserved region of the sapa gene. the results showed that more than seve ...19947872836
high-frequency s-layer protein variation in campylobacter fetus revealed by sapa mutagenesis.campylobacter fetus utilizes paracrystalline surface (s-) layer proteins that confer complement resistance and that undergo antigenic variation to facilitate persistent mucosal colonization in ungulates. c. fetus possesses multiple homologues of sapa, each of which encode full-length s-layer proteins. disruption of sapa by a gene targeting method (insertion of kanamycin (km) resistance) caused the loss of c. fetus cells bearing full-length s-layer proteins and their replacement by cells bearing ...19947885229
a lipopolysaccharide-binding domain of the campylobacter fetus s-layer protein resides within the conserved n terminus of a family of silent and divergent homologs.campylobacter fetus cells can produce multiple s-layer proteins ranging from 97 to 149 kda, with a single form predominating in cultured cells. we have cloned, sequenced, and expressed in escherichia coli a sapa homolog, sapa2, which encodes a full-length 1,109-amino-acid (112-kda) s-layer protein. comparison with the two previously cloned sapa homologs has demonstrated two regions of identity, approximately 70 bp before the open reading frame (orf) and proceeding 550 bp into the orf and immedia ...19957896695
campylobacter fetus diarrhea in a hutterite colony: epidemiological observations and typing of the causative organism.following a case of campylobacter fetus sepsis and meningitis in a 4-month-old female member of a hutterite colony, an epidemiological investigation revealed at least 18 cases of diarrhea in other members of the colony. c. fetus was isolated from 7 of 15 fecal samples submitted from affected persons. a case control study suggested that persons who worked in the abattoir were 2.03 times more likely to have had diarrhea, but none of the risk factors studied were significant. the epicurve of the ou ...19947910829
[campylobacter fetus subsp. fetus in a patient with liver cirrhosis].campylobacter fetus subsp. fetus infections are very rare in adults but can occur in immunocompromised elderly people and in patients with chronic disease. we describe the clinical case of a 52-year-old woman with alcoholic liver cirrhosis, where we isolated c.fetus subsp. fetus from blood culture.19947927478
persistence of campylobacter fetus bacteremia associated with absence of opsonizing antibodies.campylobacter fetus causes systemic infections in immunocompromised hosts. we describe a case in which c. fetus bacteremia apparently relapsed after 7 years in a patient with hypogammaglobulinemia and characterize the serum resistance of the patient's c. fetus strain and the inability of the patient's serum, with and without commercial intravenous immunoglobulin, to opsonize this and another c. fetus strain effectively. the probable presence of a sequestered site of infection in bone, the intrin ...19947929763
persistence of campylobacter fetus subspecies venerealis in experimentally infected heifers. 19947941265
antimicrobial susceptibility of campylobacter fetus subsp. fetus isolated from blood and synovial fluid.campylobacter fetus subsp. fetus is a rare human pathogen, but can cause serious extraintestinal infections. effective antimicrobial agent is required for the therapy, but we have very limited knowledge on the susceptibility of the organism. in this study, the susceptibility of 25 isolates of the organism to 14 antimicrobial agents was tested by an agar dilution method. antimicrobial agents with low mic ranges, in micrograms/ml, were: meropenem < or = 0.25, dirithromycin < or = 0.5, gentamicin < ...19947975740
prosthetic hip joint infection due to campylobacter fetus. 19947989567
campylobacter fetus endocarditis: two case reports and review.we report two cases of campylobacter fetus endocarditis. the first case involved a bicuspid native aortic valve in a 60-year-old woman, and the second involved a prosthetic aortic valve in a 76-year-old woman. no source of infection was identified in either case. despite antibiotic therapy, hemodynamic deterioration necessitated valve replacement; both patients recovered completely. c. fetus is an uncommon cause of human infection but may be responsible for severe illnesses such as endocarditis ...19948011832
studies on inactivation of pathogenic microorganisms in culture media and in bovine semen by photosensitive agents.the application of three photosensitive agents for disinfection of bovine semen was investigated. bovine microbial pathogens suspended in tissue culture medium and/or pbs and also added to bovine semen were exposed to the photosensitive agents followed by irradiation. hematoporphyrin, hematoporphyrin derivative and thiopyronine were effective against bovine herpes virus-1, bovine viral diarrhoea virus, mycoplasma bovigenitalium, mycoplasma canadense, and ureaplasma diversum in culture media. in ...19948017031
campylobacter fetus presenting as a septic pleural effusion: a case report.the authors describe a rare case of campylobacter fetus occurring in a patient who showed no overt evidence of immune incompetence. the patient presented with severe cellulitis of the legs, a chronic low grade fever, and a history of recent exposure to sick calves.19948051585
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