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an immunopathologic study of the bovine prepuce.the prepuces of 83 bulls with macroscopically normal reproductive tracts were obtained at slaughter and microbiological, immunological, and histologic studies were done and the findings were correlated. some bulls had been vaccinated on several occasions against campylobacter fetus. mean concentrations of intrapreputial immunoglobulins (ig) in 27 bulls were igg1 - 1.8 +/- 5.2; iga - 0.16 +/- 0.15; and igm - 0.24 +/- 0.24 mg/ml. high concentrations of igg2 in some bulls precluded precise estimati ...19836836875
production of enteritis in calves by the oral inoculation of pure cultures of campylobacter fetus subspecies intestinalis.pure cultures of an isolate of campylobacter fetus subspecies intestinalis obtained from the congested small intestinal mucosa of a two-week-old calf were used to infect three milk-fed calves and three ruminating calves in two separate controlled experiments. inoculated animals all developed clinical signs which included fever (to 40 degrees c) and diarrhoea with excess clear mucus containing occasional spots of blood. c fetus subspecies intestinalis was isolated from the faeces of all infected ...19836836883
isolation of plasmids encoding tetracycline resistance from campylobacter jejuni strains isolated from simians.fifteen isolates of tetracycline-resistant campylobacter jejuni were recovered from stool samples of cynomologous monkeys (macaca fascicularis) housed at the university of washington primate research center, seattle. resistance was associated with carriage of a 38-megadalton plasmid which was transmissible to other strains of c. jejuni but not to escherichia coli. seven isolates also contained a 2.6-megadalton plasmid which was phenotypically cryptic.19836838189
isolation of campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni from the common puffin (fratercula arctica) in norway. 19836842738
legitimacy of the names of subspecies of campylobacter fetus proposed by véron and chatelain, 1980.since the publication of the 8th edition of bergey's manual of determinative bacteriology, there has been considerable confusion concerning the names of 2 subspecies and the types of the subspecies of campylobacter fetus (smith and taylor, 1919) sebald and véron, 1980. despite the documentation of the names c. fetus subsp. fetus (smith and taylor) véron and chatelain and c. fetus subsp. venerealis (florent) véron and chatelain, which appear in the "approved lists of bacterial names", the influen ...19836847035
mycotic aneurysm of the abdominal aorta: successful management of campylobacter fetus aortitis. 19836851545
selective enrichment broth medium for isolation of campylobacter jejuni.a new selective campylobacter enrichment broth for the isolation of campylobacter jejuni has been tested with fecal specimens of human, poultry, and bovine origin. we compared the isolation rate with that from the simultaneous direct plating of a duplicate specimen. of the 380 duplicate specimens examined comparatively, we obtained a 46.3% increase in isolation of c. jejuni by using the new campylobacter enrichment broth medium.19836863504
acute hepatitis associated with campylobacter colitis.a patient with proven campylobacter fetus ss. jejuni acute colitis developed hepatocellular dysfunction, which paralleled the course of the colitis. liver biopsy showed nonspecific reactive hepatitis. other causes of acute hepatocellular damage were excluded. the patient made a complete recovery.19836863882
campylobacter enteritis in normal and immunodeficient children.campylobacter fetus subspecies jejuni (cbj) has been recently recognized as a common pathogen in bacterial gastroenteritis in children. during a period of 16 months, 51 cases of c fetus subspecies jejuni gastroenteritis were diagnosed. five of the children in whom the cases were diagnosed were previously known to be immunodeficient: two had x-linked agammaglobulinemia, one had agammaglobulinemia, one had combined immunodeficiency, and one had transient hypogammaglobulinemia. average duration of ...19836869333
ferret as a potential reservoir for human campylobacteriosis.a survey was conducted to determine the frequency of campylobacter fetus subsp jejuni in feces of ferrets purchased for use in biomedical research. over a 12-month period, 168 ferrets from 2 commercial breeders were examined by bacteriologic cultural procedures for campylobacter spp; 61% were culturally positive for c fetus subsp jejuni. in a therapeutic trial with 16 ferrets shedding c fetus subsp jejuni in feces, erythromycin given orally failed to eliminate intestinal carriage of the organism ...19836870007
susceptibility of clinical isolates of campylobacter jejuni to sixteen antimicrobial agents.the activities of 16 antimicrobial agents against 103 clinical isolates of campylobacter jejuni were tested. all the strains were susceptible to kanamycin and gentamicin. chloramphenicol, nalidixic acid, and clindamycin were active against most of the strains. more than one-third of the strains were resistant to the tetracyclines and 12.5% were resistant to erythromycin.19836870228
serum antibodies in campylobacter enteritis.a solid-phase enzyme immunoassay method for the measurement of total and class-specific serum antibodies to campylobacter jejuni was developed. the test was found to be both sensitive and specific. immunoglobulin m, g, and a antibodies were detected in about 90% of sera collected from patients recovering from campylobacter enteritis, with the pattern of appearance and decline of these antibodies conforming to that usually seen in an acute infection. a poor antibody response was noted in patients ...19836885981
campylobacter jejuni as a bacterial cause of diarrhoea in ile-ife, nigeria.a total of 495 diarrhoea and non-diarrhoea patients whose ages ranged between 5 and 39 years were examined for the presence of campylobacter jejuni, salmonella and shigella species. about 12% of the specimens from diarrhoea patients were positive for campylobacter jejuni compared with 6% and 10% for salmonella and shigella species. in contrast 2%, 0% and 1% of the samples from non-diarrhoea patients were positive for campylobacter jejuni, salmonella and shigella species respectively. most (62%) ...19836886413
survival of campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni in biological milieus.to provide new information on the epidemiology and pathophysiology of human infection with campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni, we studied its survival in several milieus. standard inocula of organisms were placed in hydrochloric acid, human bile and urine, bovine milk, or stream water and kept at 4, 25, or 37 degrees c; viable organisms were then counted. stools from humans infected with campylobacter were similarly tested. survival in acid was ph and time dependent, with 7-log kill within 5 min ...19806892819
campylobacter enteritis associated with the consumption of free school milk.a large outbreak of campylobacter enteritis associated with the consumption of free school milk is described. the outbreak had an abrupt onset, and lasted for about 3 weeks; it involved mainly school children in the 2-4 and 5-7 year old age groups. during this period it was established from epidemiological and microbiological data that some 2500 children were infected. the source of the epidemic was almost certainly contaminated milk, although bacteriological proof could not be obtained. biotypi ...19816895230
serological studies in two outbreaks of campylobacter jejuni infection.two outbreaks of campylobacter enteritis in residential student populations are described. in the first outbreak, 34 of 240 students in one hall of residence became ill over the course of 4 or 5 days. a single serotype of c. jejuni was isolated from sample of faeces. sera collected demonstrated that the students had little pre-existing antibody and antibody responses were demonstrated in those who were infected. about 30% of students with serological evidence for infection with c. jejuni did not ...19816895231
prevalence and survival of campylobacter jejuni in unpasteurized milk.campylobacter jejuni was isolated from 1 to 108 (0.9%) milk samples obtained from the bulk tanks of nine grade a dairy farms and from 50 of 78 (64%) cows producing grade a milk. survival of eight campylobacter strains in unpasteurized milk (4 degrees c) varied greatly: the most tolerant strain showed a less than 2-log10 decrease in viable cells after 14 days, and the most sensitive strain showed a greater than 6-log10 decrease after 7 days. one strain was still recoverable 21 days after the inoc ...19826897503
evaluation of a commercially available campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni antigen in the serologic diagnosis of campylobacter enteritis. 19826927227
campylobacter fetus jejuni enteritis; in new york city. 19816938818
a clinical and aetiological study of adult patients hospitalised for acute diarrhoeal disease.sixty adult patients with diarrhoea discharged from the infectious disease unit, auckland hospital in the 15 months from 1 january 1980 were reviewed. thirty had diarrhoea due to enteric organisms (campylobacter fetus 8, shigella 6, salmonella typhi 4, salmonella typhimurium 4, clostridium difficile causing pseudomembranous colitis 3). other diagnoses included ulcerative colitis and a colonic carcinoma. eighteen had no specific diagnosis. combinations of admission fever, faecal leucocytes and le ...19826952128
campylobacter fetus ss. jejuni: a cause of massive lower gastrointestinal hemorrhage.a patient is described with campylobacter enteritis complicated by massive lower gastrointestinal bleeding from multiple mucosal ulcers in the terminal ileum and at the ileocecal valve. repeated stool cultures and antibiotic therapy may be indicated in certain patients to diminish the morbidity arising from what may seem to be mild disease. in patients who suffer bleeding complications, arteriography before surgery is necessary to demonstrate an otherwise grossly indefinable source of bleeding.19806967840
[campylobacter neonatal enteritis (author's transl)].authors communicate four cases of bloody diarrhea in neonates, with campylobacter fetus jejuni in the stools. in one case, the same bacteria was isolated from the mother and, in another case, existed possibility of a cross-infection. the mildness of the evolution is marked, specially in those cases in which maternal feeding was continued. some diagnostic and epidemiological aspects, concerning the neonatal period, are commented.19816975051
incidence of campylobacter enteritis in the midwestern united states.the incidence of campylobacter enteritis was assessed in an 800-bed medical center in the midwestern united states. stool specimens from 203 patients were cultured on a modified skirrow's selective media and incubated for 48 hours at 42 c in a microaerophilic atmosphere. campylobacter fetus ssp. jejuni was isolated from 10 patients for an incidence rate of 4.9 percent. all patients were symptomatic. the results suggest that clinical laboratories must establish methods to culture and identify thi ...19806986769
[infection with campylobacter fetus subspecies jejuni; review of the literature and discussion of the epidemilogic aspects]. 19806997763
evaluation of transport and storage techniques for isolation of campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni from turkey cecal specimens.immediate culturing of fecal specimens is not always possible, and appropriate methods for transport and storage of campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni specimens have not been fully evaluated. using nine techniques, we studied the survival of c. fetus subsp. jejuni in cecal specimens from infected turkeys. the organisms survived in specimens held without transport medium for 3 to 15 days (median, 9 days) at 4 degrees c, and 2 to 9 days (median, 4 days) at 25 degrees c. only 20% of specimens frozen ...19817016895
experimental infection of rhesus monkeys with a human strain of campylobacter jejuni.young rhesus monkeys (macaca mulatta) were infected orally with a human strain of campylobacter jejuni. the disease induced was mild, with inappetence and diarrhoea of short duration, but prolonged intermittent excretion of the bacteria in the faeces occurred. bacteraemia was generally present for 2--3 days and later the organisms localized in the liver and gall bladder. recovered animals, when challenged with the same strain, showed no clinical symptoms, no bacteraemia, and excreted the organis ...19817016990
enteropathogenic bacteria in frozen chicken.eighty-two samples of frozen chicken from retail stores were examined for the presence of campylobacter, yersinia enterocolitica, and salmonellae. aerobic plate counts and numbers of coliform bacteria at 37 degrees c were determined. campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni was found in 22% of the samples, y. enterocolitica was found in 24.5% and salmonella typhimurium was found in one sample (1.2%). the isolated strains of y. enterocolitica belonged to serotypes 4, 5b, 6, and 8. aerobic plate counts a ...19817020597
campylobacter fetus subsp jejuni bacteremia in diffuse lymphoma. 19817022038
the etiology of anorectal infections in homosexual men.the infectious etiology of symptomatic anorectal disease was studied in 52 homosexual men who did not have gonococci on initial gram stain of anorectal exudate. herpes simplex virus (hsv) was isolated from the anal canal or rectum in 15 of the 52 (29 percent) men and characteristically caused severe anorectal pain and focal ulcerations visible on sigmoidoscopy. despite negative initial gram stains, seven men (14 percent) had anorectal gonococcal infection. six (12 percent) had syphilis, includin ...19817025620
isolation of campylobacter fetus from blood cultures.campylobacter fetus subsp. fetus, previously known as campylobacter fetus subsp. intestinalis, was isolated from two blood cultures taken from a 45-year-old man admitted with gastrointestinal symptoms and a history of lymphocytic lymphoma. campylobacters are not common blood culture isolated but can be a cause of bacteraemia and septicaemia especially in the compromised host. the isolation and identification of campylobacter fetus subsp. fetus by standard blood culture techniques is described an ...19817029231
[endocarditis caused by campylobacter fetus. description of a new case]. 19817036252
seroepidemiological studies with campylobacter fetus.324 sera from unselected male and 581 sera from female patients as well as 268 sera from prostitutes were studied for antibodies against campylobacter fetus using the complement fixation test. antigen was campylobacter fetus subspecies intestinalis. 3.9% of the sera showed low but relevant antibody titers. statistically significant differences don't exist between the three population investigated. serological cross reactions could not be observed using salmonella typhimurium, shigella flexneri, ...19817036594
comparison of agglutination, complement fixation and immunofluorescence tests in campylobacter jejuni infections.good antibody responses usually follow infection with campylobacter jejuni. a comparison of agglutination, complement fixation and immunofluorescence tests was done on 55 sera from 40 sporadic patients with diarrhoeal disease and positive cultures for c. jejuni. results showed 82% positive with immunofluorescence, 62% by complement fixation but only 38% by agglutination, using two reference strains cop and mel as antigens. overall 90% of the 40 patients were positive by one or more serological t ...19827037946
bovine campylobacteriosis: a review.campylobacteriosis (vibriosis) is a venereal disease of cattle caused by the organism campylobacter fetus subspecies fetus previously known as vibrio fetus subspecies venerealis. characteristically the disease causes infertility in the female with an increased number of services necessary for conception. abortions late in gestation are also occasionally seen. most cases or outbreaks occur after the recent introduction of an infected bull or cow into a susceptible breeding herd. often the disease ...19817039808
susceptibility testing of campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni, using broth microdilution panels.twenty-five isolates of campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni were tested by broth microdilution panels (sensititre; gibco diagnostics, chagrin falls, ohio) and the minimal inhibitory concentrations (mics) were compared with the corresponding mics obtained by the standard agar dilution technique. microdilution panels designed for testing gram-positive organisms were used so that erythromycin, the antibiotic of choice for this organism, could be included. the correlation with agar dilution was relati ...19827041814
a selective medium for isolating campylobacter jejuni/coli.skirrow's medium is effective for isolating campylobacters from human faeces but is less suitable for animal and environmental specimens owing to the presence of contaminating species. after determining the sensitivity of 104 strains of campylobacters to several antimicrobial agents, used singly and in various combinations, a selective medium incorporating polymixin, rifampicin, trimethoprim and actidione, was developed. the medium, called preston medium, was shown to be more selective than skir ...19827042765
primary isolation of campylobacter fetus subspecies jejuni.primary isolation of campylobacter fetus ss. jejuni following selective filtration can be achieved equally well on a columbia agar supplemented with sheep blood (5%), horse blood (5-10%), or heat-treated horse blood (chocolate agar). larger, but not more, colonies were formed at 42c. however, the higher temperature inhibits c. fetus ss. intestinalis. reduced oxygen tension (5%) was advantageous for cultures on media supplemented with sheep blood. all other media tested did equally well as long a ...19827044123
prevalence of campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni in healthy populations in southern india.campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni was isolated from the feces of 14.8% of a random sample of the healthy population of rural southern india. the rate of isolation was highest in preschool children. this finding emphasizes the need to identify markers of pathogenicity in strains of c. fetus subsp. jejuni, which so far are identified only by cultural characteristics. the pathogenic role of this organism in patients with diarrhoea in tropical developing countries can be understood when such markers ...19827047550
comparison of rectal swabs and stool cultures in detecting campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni.rectal swabs and stool specimens were compared for the detection of campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni in marmosets. rectal swabs were superior to stool specimens for detection of campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni (p = 0.016). preliminary human data are also presented.19827047561
effect of erythromycin on the fecal excretion of campylobacter fetus subspecies jejuni. 19827054315
campylobacter gastroenteritis.campylobacter fetus ss. jejuni has recently been recognized as a very common cause of gastroenteritis. symptoms of campylobacter gastroenteritis include fever, diarrhea, abdominal pain, myalgia and headache. bloody diarrhea occurs in about 50 percent of patients. this organism is now being isolated more frequently than salmonella or shigella in cases of diarrhea. acute colitis mimicking crohn's disease or ulcerative colitis on proctoscopic examination and on barium enema x-ray has been described ...19827055019
campylobacter enteritis associated with contaminated water.approximately 3000 people in bennington, vermont, 19% of the population, had a diarrheal illness during the first and second weeks of june 1978. persons affected reported abdominal cramps (86%), diarrhea (82%), malaise (73%), and headache (47%). the mean duration of illness was 4.6 days. the illness was associated with drinking unboiled water from the town water system. investigation showed that the entire water system was probably contaminated and the source of contamination was the main unfilt ...19827059090
susceptibility of shigella species to erythromycin.two of the most common causes of inflammatory enteritis are campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni and shigella species. no single antimicrobial agent is recommended for treatment of both diseases. erythromycin is used to treat c. fetus subsp. jejuni infections but has not been studied in shigellosis. for this reason, we determined the susceptibility of 22 strains of shigella to erythromycin and found that shigella species are susceptible to concentrations of erythromycin which are obtainable in stoo ...19827073270
the heat-sensitivity of campylobacter jejuni in milk.it is now established that milk can be a vehicle for the spread of enteritis due to campylobacter jejuni. by determining the lethal effect of heat on six isolates it has been shown that c. jejuni is unlikely to survive pasteurization.19827086118
[isolation of campylobacter fetus, subsp, jejuni in animals, particularly in dogs and cats]. 19827089517
campylobacter enteritis in denver.to determine the relative importance of campylobacter jejuni as a cause of diarrheal illness in patients coming to three hospitals in denver, we cultured stool specimens from 2,670 patients over a two-year period. c jejuni was identified in the feces of 124 patients (4.6 percent), salmonella from 90 (3.4 percent) and shigella from 77 (2.9 percent). most campylobacter isolates were obtained in the summer months and from patients 10 to 29 years old. the illness usually lasted less than two weeks; ...19827090379
proliferative colitis in ferrets.during a 4-month period, 31 of 156 ferrets (mustela putorius) in a biomedical research program developed protracted diarrhea. clinical signs were green mucohemorrhagic fecal material, partially prolapsed rectum, anorexia, body weight loss, and dehydration. nine of the affected animals were necropsied. on gross examination, the descending colon was grossly thick and histologically characterized by marked proliferation of the mucosa, relatively few goblet cells, mixed inflammatory cell infiltrate, ...19827091850
[campylobacter fetus ssp. jejuni - another cause of childhood diarrheal disease]. 19827094109
serotyping of campylobacter jejuni by slide agglutination based on heat-labile antigenic factors.a serotyping scheme for campylobacter jejuni was developed based on slide agglutination of live bacteria with whole cell antisera absorbed with homologous heated and heterologous unheated cross-reactive antigens. among 815 isolates from human and nonhuman sources, 21 serogroups were recognized. of the 615 isolates from human cases of gastroenteritis, 529 (86%) were typable; 455 strains agglutinated in 20 single antisera, whereas 74 isolates agglutinated in various pairs of antisera, allowing sub ...19827096555
epidemiological aspects of campylobacter jejuni enteritis.an epidemiological study on campylobacter jejuni enterocolitis was performed in an urban swedish community. the study included 55 patients gathered during a six-month period. forty-one of the 55 patients (75%) were infected outside sweden. campylobacter enterocolitis was rare among children within the country. patients infected in sweden had eaten chicken significantly more often than a corresponding control group. seven out of nine chicken consuming campylobacter patients also had prepared the ...19827097000
campylobacter-associated enterocolitis in childhood. report of a fatal case.the full clinical range of campylobacter fetus enterocolitis has become apparent only recently. this case study describes the clinical and pathologic findings in a chronically ill child who developed signs of inflammatory bowel disease. following a negative bacteriologic culture, crohn's disease was diagnosed by roentgenographic criteria. a trial of immunosuppressive therapy failed, and a repeat of microbiologic examination identified a heavy growth of campylobacter fetus ss. jejuni. various com ...19827102598
contamination of red-meat carcasses by campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni.campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni was commonly present in the feces of unweaned calves (2 to 3 weeks old) and from two of four groups of sheep. one new season lamb (12 to 16 weeks old) carried the organism, but the bacteria were not isolated from cattle. with unweaned calves, the fractions of animals infected and carcasses contaminated were similar. contamination of carcasses usually involved low densities of c. fetus subsp. jejuni (ca. 1 to 10/cm2), which were isolated from flank but not rump a ...19827103481
recovery of campylobacter jejuni and campylobacter coli from inoculated foods by selective enrichment.a direct enrichment procedure was developed to selectively recover small numbers of campylobacter jejuni, c. coli, and nalidixic acid-resistant thermophilic campylobacter from foods. the procedure includes an enrichment medium composed of brucella broth, 7% lysed horse blood, 0.3% sodium succinate, 0.01% cysteine hydrochloride, vancomycin (15 micrograms/ml), trimethoprim (5 micrograms/ml), polymyxin b (20 iu/ml), and cycloheximide (50 micrograms/ml) that is inoculated with 10 or 25 g of food and ...19827103488
[campylobacteriosis in humans caused by subspecies intestinalis and fetus. six new diseases (author's transl)].the subspecies intestinalis and fetus of campylobacter fetus are opportunistic pathogens in humans. so far, some 200 types of disease due to these pathogens have been reported from all over the world, and six new diseases are briefly described in this paper. the most frequent disease is sepsis, followed by meningitis. while ticarcillin, erythromycin, clindamycin and tetracycline are the antibiotics which show activity against these species, a large degree of resistance is seen against cephalothi ...19827107019
30 years of campylobacters: biochemical characteristics and a biotyping proposal for campylobacter jejuni.several biochemical test systems were studied for their potential usefulness for the examination of strains of campylobacter species. most (81%) of the c. jejuni strains hydrolyzed sodium hippurate, but strains of c. fetus, c. sputorum, and c. fecalis did not. some (46%) of the c. jejuni strains and all of the c. sputorum subsp. sputorum, c. sputorum subsp. bubulus, and c. fecalis strains hydrolyzed dna, but the c. fetus and c. sputorum subsp. mucosalis strains did not. strains of all species of ...19827107840
[enteritis caused by campylobacter fetus in navarre].c. fetus ss jejuni was demonstrated in stool samples from 17 patients, among 605 studied, using the selective media of skirrow. 13 of them were children, 11 two years' old or younger, and 4 were adult patients. the frequency of isolation of c. fetus ss jejuni in stool cultures has been greater than the isolation of y. enterocolitica serotype 3, s. sonnei and e. coli, and has been only superated by the isolation of microorganisms belonging to the generus salmonella.19827111952
isolation of campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni from faeces of norwegian poultry. 19827113862
some characteristics of campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni isolated from pigs, birds and man. 19827113871
susceptibility pattern of campylobacter jejuni from human and animal origins to different antimicrobial agents.the in vitro antimicrobial activities of different antimicrobial agents on campylobacter jejuni from human and animal origins were compared by using a dynatech mic 2000 system. in general, the minimal inhibitory concentration distributions for the human strains were very comparable with those of the animal strains. the animal strains had a bimodal distribution for ampicillin, clindamycin, and tetracycline.19827114842
serotyping of campylobacter jejuni isolated from sporadic cases and outbreaks in british columbia.campylobacter jejuni from sporadic cases and outbreaks of gastroenteritis were serotyped on the basis of heat-extracted soluble thermostable antigens identified with the use of the passive hemagglutination technique. a total of 168 isolates were separated into 45 different types. the largest proportion of the isolates fell into three serotypes, each with 11 to 12.5% of the total number. three less frequently occurring serotypes each included approximately 5%, and the remaining 50% of the isolate ...19827119100
isolation of campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni from human fecal specimens by incubation at 35 and 42 degrees c.campylobacter strains were isolated from human stool specimens that were cultured on modified skirrow agar and incubated at 35 and 42 degrees c. incubation at 42 degrees c resulted in more isolates, increased colony numbers, and earlier isolation than was found at 35 degrees c.19827119106
[campylobacter enteritis in 0-5-year-old children in the eindhoven area - and epidemiological study].in the region eindhoven 36 children with campylobacter-enteritis were examined from i january 1980 to 31 december 1980. symptoms were studied and stools were cultured over a four-month period. abdominal pain and/or diarrhea occurred in more than 90% of patients and were not infrequently of longer duration. bloody stools were found in 58% of patients and disappeared relatively early during the time of illness, as well as fever and vomiting. after one month campylobacter could only be cultured in ...19827123534
serology of campylobacter fetus ss. jejuni. 2 serotyping of live bacteria by slide, latex and co-agglutination tests.antisera against 12 campylobacter strains (8 c. fetus ss. jejuni, 2 ss fetus and 2 ss. intestinalis) were obtained from rabbits immunized with formalin treated bacteria. cross testing of live boiled and autoclaved organisms of these strains were performed with direct slide and tube agglutinations, and with agglutinations of latex particles and protein a-containing staphylococci coated with antibodies. confirmed by absorption experiments both heat labile and heat stable antigens were demonstrated ...19827124403
survival and growth of campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni on meat and in cooked foods.twelve strains of campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni isolated from humans and animals grew at temperatures ranging from 34 to 45 degrees c and ph minima between 5.7 and 5.9. only one strain grew at ph 5.8 with lactic acid present at a concentration similar to that in meat. all strains had decimal reduction times of less than 1 min at 60 degrees c. further examination of a typical strain showed that it grew at 37 degrees c on high-ph meat but not at 37 degrees c on normal-ph meat. bacterial number ...19827125649
the occurrence of campylobacter jejuni in dog faeces from a public park.dog faeces collected from a public park were cultured on selective media for campylobacter spp. campylobacter jejuni was isolated from 12 (4.6%) of 260 specimens. in contrast salmonella spp. were found in only three (1.2%). six of the 12 isolates were nalidixic acid-resistant thermophilic campylobacters (nartc), whereas during the same period of study none were found among human isolates. most of the campylobacter positive faeces were found during june and july. dog faeces deposited in public pl ...19827130699
pneumonia associated with enteritis due to campylobacter fetus ssp jejuni. 19827137884
the duration of protection against infection with campylobacter fetus subsp. venerealis in immunised bulls. 19827138441
campylobacter fetus subsp jejuni. a cause of diarrhea in a patient with a continent ileostomy. 19827140489
acute infective colitis caused by endemic pathogens in western europe: endoscopic features.in a 4-year period 45 patients were admitted to our gastroenterological u nit with acute infective colitis. the endemic pathogens responsible for the colitis were yersinia enterocolitica (46%), campylobacter fetus jejuni (20%), common salmonellae (13%), less virulent strains of shigella (9%), entamoeba hystolytica (7%) and cytomegalovirus (4%). these microorganisms caused very severe disease in 18% of the patients, who were mostly predisposed. while salmonella- and amoebic colitis always mimicke ...19827140655
pathogenicity of campylobacter jejuni isolates from animals and humans.fourteen isolates of campylobacter jejuni of different serotypes and one campylobacter coli isolate, from various human and animal sources, were tested for potential pathogenic mechanisms. enterotoxin production was not detected in the infant mouse test or by calf and piglet ligated intestinal loop studies. isolates were not invasive by the sereny test. all isolates associated with and penetrated hela cells, although both actions occurred generally in a minor way under the conditions of our stud ...19827141696
antibiotic control of campylobacter fetus by three extenders of bovine semen.campylobacter fetus were added to raw semen in two factorial experiments that evaluated seminal extender, initial antibiotic treatment of raw semen, and inclusion of antibiotics in the extender. extenders were conventional egg yolk citrate, complete egg yolk tes-tris, and complete egg yolk tris. raw semen was treated with 2000 micrograms streptomycin sulfate and 1000 units of polymyxin b sulfate per milliliter. antibiotic-treated extender contained 500 units of polymyxin b sulfate, 1000 microgra ...19827142533
campylobacter fetus subspecies jejuni isolated from syrian hamsters with proliferative ileitis.two groups of syrian hamsters received 3 weeks apart from a commercial supplier became ill and were found to have proliferative ileitis (transmissible ileal hyperplasia). seventy-five of 200 hamsters from one group and 60 of 200 from another group were evaluated by bacteriological and histopathological techniques. campylobacter fetus subspecies jejuni was isolated from all hamsters showing clinical signs of proliferative ileitis. the organism was recovered from fecal swabs and the ileum. many as ...19827144126
[etiological significance of campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni and parvovirus in acute enteritis in the dog]. 19827148215
intestinal colonization and competitive exclusion of campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni in young chicks.colonization of campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni was investigated in monoxenic and holoxenic chicks. in monoxenic chicks, major colonization was found in the crop and ceca, with populations in the ceca consistently reaching 10(9) colony-forming-units/ml of cecal contents over the 28-day test period. bacteremia was found in most chicks, but no significant gross pathological lesions were detected. in holoxenic chicks, major colonization occurred only in the ceca, and no evidence of bacteremia was ...19827150145
outer membrane characteristics of campylobacter jejuni.outer membranes were isolated from type strains and wild-type isolates of campylobacter jejuni and campylobacter coli by sodium lauryl sarcosinate extraction, and the polypeptide complement and lipopolysaccharide (lps) content were analyzed by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. the protein profiles exhibited by membranes from both species were quite similar, but could be distinguished from the type strain of the genus, c. fetus subsp. fetus cip5396. the sodium dodecyl sul ...19827152677
campylobacter jejuni peritonitis complicating continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis.we report the occurrence of campylobacter jejuni peritonitis complicating c. jejuni enteritis in a patient treated with continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis. cure followed oral administration of erythromycin and intraperitoneal therapy with gentamicin.19827153322
trimethoprim activity in media selective for campylobacter jejuni.the activity of trimethoprim (tmp) in two selective media used for isolation of campylobacter jejuni was evaluated. the two selective media, campy-bap and skirrow medium, contain tmp in addition to other antimicrobial agents. the minimal inhibitory concentrations of tmp in blood agar base (basal agar for skirrow medium) or brucella agar (basal agar for campy-bap) for three sensitive control organisms were compared with those in mueller-hinton agar, which contains low levels of thymidine. tmp was ...19827153334
[gastroenteritis caused by campylobacter fetus jejuni]. 19827154734
[campylobacter fetus subspecie jejuni in infants with acute diarrheal syndrome]. 19827156432
isolation of campylobacter fetus subspecies jejuni from hamsters with proliferative ileitis. 19827162131
[campylobacter fetus ssp. jejuni as a frequent cause of diarrhea in humans]. 19827164351
short-term preservation medium for campylobacter fetus subspecies jejuni. 19827166363
[intestinal infection caused by campylobacter fetus (jejuni)]. 19827170145
intestinal occurrence of campylobacter fetus subspecies jejuni and clostridium difficile in children in sweden.stool samples were cultured from 356 children in different states of health and in different age groups between birth and six years of age in order to investigate the occurrence of campylobacter jejuni and clostridium difficile. campylobacter jejuni was isolated from two of 56 children with diarrhoea but was not isolated from any of 300 healthy children or children recently treated with antibiotics. campylobacter jejuni does not seem to be a common cause of diarrhoea in children in sweden and is ...19827173168
antibody response of guinea-pigs and cattle to a campylobacter fetus oil emulsion vaccine. 19827177598
[useful and superfluous measures in the treatment of infant diarrhea].in acute diarrhea of infancy we distinguish between infectious and noninfectious causes. in the latter we know some autosomal recessive disorders, e.g. the glucose-galactose-malabsorption, the lactase deficiency as well as the sucrase-isomaltase deficiency. in addition the most frequent acquired disorders like the cow's milk protein intolerance and celiac disease contribute also to the group of noninfectious causes of diarrhea. here the most effective therapy consists of the elimination of the t ...19827178037
[microbiological studies of beef tartar].two hundred lots of 'filet américain' (a mixture of minced meat, acid sauce, condiments, salt, etc., meant to be eaten raw) were sampled from retailers and examined for several types of micro-organism; 185 lots had been prepared by the retailer, fifteen on an 'industrial' scale. pork had been used in seventy-three lots (including fourteen 'industrial' lots); beef was present in all lots, horse meat in none of them. on the whole, the bacterial state of the meats in which pork had been used was fo ...19827179231
survival of campylobacter jejuni inoculated into ground beef.ground beef was inoculated with mixed cultures of campylobacter jejuni, and the samples were subjected to various cooking and cold-storage temperatures. when samples were heated in an oven at either 190 or 218 degrees c, approximately 10(7) cells of c. jejuni per g were inactivated (less than 30 cells per g) in less than 10 min after the ground beef reached an internal temperature of 70 degrees c. when the samples were held at -15 degrees c over 14 days of storage, the numbers of c. jejuni decli ...19827181502
hippurate hydrolysis by and triphenyltetrazolium tolerance of campylobacter fetus.a rapid test of hippurate hydrolysis and a test of tolerance to triphenyltetrazolium chloride (ttc) were studied in 315 strains of campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni to determine their usefulness for biotyping this organism and for distinguishing it from c. fetus subsp. intestinalis. of the 315 strains tested, 84% hydrolyzed hippurate and 97% were resistant to ttc. ability to hydrolyze hippurate was seen in 99% of 155 human isolates, 75% of 60 avian isolates, 100% of 41 cattle and dog isolates, 8 ...19827186902
erythromycin. new indications and toxicities.although erythromycin was introduced into clinical medicine more than 28 years ago, the indications for its use continue to expand. this antibiotic has emerged as appropriate therapy for legionnaires' disease, chronic bacterial prostatitis caused by escherichia coli, klebsiella pneumoniae, and proteus species, enteritis and colitis produced by campylobacter fetus, and soft tissue and pleuropulmonary anaerobic infections in which bacteroides fragilis plays no role. in combination with an aminogly ...19817194477
campylobacter jejuni: incidence in processed broilers and biotype distribution in human and broiler isolates.campylobacter jejuni was isolated from 18 of 40 processed broiler carcasses and 134 of 327 cloacal swabs obtained at four processing plants in sydney, australia. three of four flocks examined carried c. jejuni. eighty-two percent of chicken and 98% of human isolates from the area were of identical biotypes.19827201780
campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni in a turkey processing plant.cecal cultures taken over a 1-year period from 600 turkeys at a poultry processing plant were all positive for campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni. swabs of the cloaca and fresh feces were likewise all positive. of 33 freshly dressed turkey carcases, 94% were positive before chilling in tanks of chlorinated ice and water; 34% of 83 carcasses were still positive after overnight soaking in the tanks. increasing the chlorine content from 50 to 340 ppm (50 to 340 micrograms/ml) did not cause a decreas ...19817204547
comparison of selective media for primary isolation of campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni.three selective media, skirrow, butzler, and a modification of butzler medium, were compared for the primary isolation of campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni. this organism was isolated from 87 of 347 specimens (72 from 240 dogs rectal swabs and 15 from 107 cats rectal swabs). the positive rate for dogs (30%) was twice as high as that for cats (14%). skirrow and butzler media were comparable in their isolation of c. fetus subsp. jejuni. a significantly higher rate of positive results was obtained ...19817204549
campylobacter fetus subspecies jejuni in georgia. 19807205078
[campylobacter fetus intestinalis septicemia]. 19817208200
[campylobacter fetus intestinalis: 1st isolation associated with ovine epizootic abortion in mexico]. 19807209173
isolation of campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni from migratory waterfowl.since the sources from which humans acquire campylobacter enteritis are only partially known, we studied the frequency of carriage of campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni in migratory waterfowl. cecal contents of various species of wild ducks were cultured on selective media that contained antibiotics to inhibit normal flora. thirty-five percent of the 445 ducks cultured harbored c. fetus subsp. jejuni. migratory waterfowl are yet another reservoir for this enteric pathogen and may be of public hea ...19807217334
enriched brucella medium for storage and transport of cultures of campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni.a semisolid brucella medium with 10% sheep blood was used for storage and transport of campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni and subsp. intestinalis and kept isolated alive about 3 weeks or longer at 25 degrees c or when sent through the regular mail.19807217338
[prevalence of campylobacter fetus ssp. jejuni in danish dogs (author's transl)].rectal swabs from dogs were examined for campylobacter fetus ssp. jejuni. the rate of positive findings from dogs with diarrhoea was 17.2% compared with 11.1% from the group of control dogs (without diarrhoea). thus dogs may, under danish conditions, be reservoir for campylobacter. most of the isolations were made on bloodagar after filtration of the samples through 0.6 mu filters. the selectivity of two media developed for examination of human faecal samples was either too low or too high for t ...19817220268
pancreas affection in association with enteritis due to campylobacter fetus ssp. jejuni.a woman with pancreas affection during diarrhoea due to campylobacter fetus ssp. jejuni is presented. the patient recovered within 8 days without specific treatment. in addition, 5 other cases with pancreas affection associated with campylobacter infection are cited.19817223520
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