TitleAbstractYear(sorted ascending)
susceptibility testing of campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni, using broth microdilution panels.twenty-five isolates of campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni were tested by broth microdilution panels (sensititre; gibco diagnostics, chagrin falls, ohio) and the minimal inhibitory concentrations (mics) were compared with the corresponding mics obtained by the standard agar dilution technique. microdilution panels designed for testing gram-positive organisms were used so that erythromycin, the antibiotic of choice for this organism, could be included. the correlation with agar dilution was relati ...19827041814
a selective medium for isolating campylobacter jejuni/coli.skirrow's medium is effective for isolating campylobacters from human faeces but is less suitable for animal and environmental specimens owing to the presence of contaminating species. after determining the sensitivity of 104 strains of campylobacters to several antimicrobial agents, used singly and in various combinations, a selective medium incorporating polymixin, rifampicin, trimethoprim and actidione, was developed. the medium, called preston medium, was shown to be more selective than skir ...19827042765
primary isolation of campylobacter fetus subspecies jejuni.primary isolation of campylobacter fetus ss. jejuni following selective filtration can be achieved equally well on a columbia agar supplemented with sheep blood (5%), horse blood (5-10%), or heat-treated horse blood (chocolate agar). larger, but not more, colonies were formed at 42c. however, the higher temperature inhibits c. fetus ss. intestinalis. reduced oxygen tension (5%) was advantageous for cultures on media supplemented with sheep blood. all other media tested did equally well as long a ...19827044123
prevalence of campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni in healthy populations in southern india.campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni was isolated from the feces of 14.8% of a random sample of the healthy population of rural southern india. the rate of isolation was highest in preschool children. this finding emphasizes the need to identify markers of pathogenicity in strains of c. fetus subsp. jejuni, which so far are identified only by cultural characteristics. the pathogenic role of this organism in patients with diarrhoea in tropical developing countries can be understood when such markers ...19827047550
comparison of rectal swabs and stool cultures in detecting campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni.rectal swabs and stool specimens were compared for the detection of campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni in marmosets. rectal swabs were superior to stool specimens for detection of campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni (p = 0.016). preliminary human data are also presented.19827047561
effect of erythromycin on the fecal excretion of campylobacter fetus subspecies jejuni. 19827054315
campylobacter gastroenteritis.campylobacter fetus ss. jejuni has recently been recognized as a very common cause of gastroenteritis. symptoms of campylobacter gastroenteritis include fever, diarrhea, abdominal pain, myalgia and headache. bloody diarrhea occurs in about 50 percent of patients. this organism is now being isolated more frequently than salmonella or shigella in cases of diarrhea. acute colitis mimicking crohn's disease or ulcerative colitis on proctoscopic examination and on barium enema x-ray has been described ...19827055019
campylobacter enteritis associated with contaminated water.approximately 3000 people in bennington, vermont, 19% of the population, had a diarrheal illness during the first and second weeks of june 1978. persons affected reported abdominal cramps (86%), diarrhea (82%), malaise (73%), and headache (47%). the mean duration of illness was 4.6 days. the illness was associated with drinking unboiled water from the town water system. investigation showed that the entire water system was probably contaminated and the source of contamination was the main unfilt ...19827059090
susceptibility of shigella species to erythromycin.two of the most common causes of inflammatory enteritis are campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni and shigella species. no single antimicrobial agent is recommended for treatment of both diseases. erythromycin is used to treat c. fetus subsp. jejuni infections but has not been studied in shigellosis. for this reason, we determined the susceptibility of 22 strains of shigella to erythromycin and found that shigella species are susceptible to concentrations of erythromycin which are obtainable in stoo ...19827073270
the heat-sensitivity of campylobacter jejuni in is now established that milk can be a vehicle for the spread of enteritis due to campylobacter jejuni. by determining the lethal effect of heat on six isolates it has been shown that c. jejuni is unlikely to survive pasteurization.19827086118
[isolation of campylobacter fetus, subsp, jejuni in animals, particularly in dogs and cats]. 19827089517
campylobacter enteritis in determine the relative importance of campylobacter jejuni as a cause of diarrheal illness in patients coming to three hospitals in denver, we cultured stool specimens from 2,670 patients over a two-year period. c jejuni was identified in the feces of 124 patients (4.6 percent), salmonella from 90 (3.4 percent) and shigella from 77 (2.9 percent). most campylobacter isolates were obtained in the summer months and from patients 10 to 29 years old. the illness usually lasted less than two weeks; ...19827090379
proliferative colitis in ferrets.during a 4-month period, 31 of 156 ferrets (mustela putorius) in a biomedical research program developed protracted diarrhea. clinical signs were green mucohemorrhagic fecal material, partially prolapsed rectum, anorexia, body weight loss, and dehydration. nine of the affected animals were necropsied. on gross examination, the descending colon was grossly thick and histologically characterized by marked proliferation of the mucosa, relatively few goblet cells, mixed inflammatory cell infiltrate, ...19827091850
[campylobacter fetus ssp. jejuni - another cause of childhood diarrheal disease]. 19827094109
serotyping of campylobacter jejuni by slide agglutination based on heat-labile antigenic factors.a serotyping scheme for campylobacter jejuni was developed based on slide agglutination of live bacteria with whole cell antisera absorbed with homologous heated and heterologous unheated cross-reactive antigens. among 815 isolates from human and nonhuman sources, 21 serogroups were recognized. of the 615 isolates from human cases of gastroenteritis, 529 (86%) were typable; 455 strains agglutinated in 20 single antisera, whereas 74 isolates agglutinated in various pairs of antisera, allowing sub ...19827096555
epidemiological aspects of campylobacter jejuni epidemiological study on campylobacter jejuni enterocolitis was performed in an urban swedish community. the study included 55 patients gathered during a six-month period. forty-one of the 55 patients (75%) were infected outside sweden. campylobacter enterocolitis was rare among children within the country. patients infected in sweden had eaten chicken significantly more often than a corresponding control group. seven out of nine chicken consuming campylobacter patients also had prepared the ...19827097000
campylobacter-associated enterocolitis in childhood. report of a fatal case.the full clinical range of campylobacter fetus enterocolitis has become apparent only recently. this case study describes the clinical and pathologic findings in a chronically ill child who developed signs of inflammatory bowel disease. following a negative bacteriologic culture, crohn's disease was diagnosed by roentgenographic criteria. a trial of immunosuppressive therapy failed, and a repeat of microbiologic examination identified a heavy growth of campylobacter fetus ss. jejuni. various com ...19827102598
contamination of red-meat carcasses by campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni.campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni was commonly present in the feces of unweaned calves (2 to 3 weeks old) and from two of four groups of sheep. one new season lamb (12 to 16 weeks old) carried the organism, but the bacteria were not isolated from cattle. with unweaned calves, the fractions of animals infected and carcasses contaminated were similar. contamination of carcasses usually involved low densities of c. fetus subsp. jejuni (ca. 1 to 10/cm2), which were isolated from flank but not rump a ...19827103481
recovery of campylobacter jejuni and campylobacter coli from inoculated foods by selective enrichment.a direct enrichment procedure was developed to selectively recover small numbers of campylobacter jejuni, c. coli, and nalidixic acid-resistant thermophilic campylobacter from foods. the procedure includes an enrichment medium composed of brucella broth, 7% lysed horse blood, 0.3% sodium succinate, 0.01% cysteine hydrochloride, vancomycin (15 micrograms/ml), trimethoprim (5 micrograms/ml), polymyxin b (20 iu/ml), and cycloheximide (50 micrograms/ml) that is inoculated with 10 or 25 g of food and ...19827103488
[campylobacteriosis in humans caused by subspecies intestinalis and fetus. six new diseases (author's transl)].the subspecies intestinalis and fetus of campylobacter fetus are opportunistic pathogens in humans. so far, some 200 types of disease due to these pathogens have been reported from all over the world, and six new diseases are briefly described in this paper. the most frequent disease is sepsis, followed by meningitis. while ticarcillin, erythromycin, clindamycin and tetracycline are the antibiotics which show activity against these species, a large degree of resistance is seen against cephalothi ...19827107019
30 years of campylobacters: biochemical characteristics and a biotyping proposal for campylobacter jejuni.several biochemical test systems were studied for their potential usefulness for the examination of strains of campylobacter species. most (81%) of the c. jejuni strains hydrolyzed sodium hippurate, but strains of c. fetus, c. sputorum, and c. fecalis did not. some (46%) of the c. jejuni strains and all of the c. sputorum subsp. sputorum, c. sputorum subsp. bubulus, and c. fecalis strains hydrolyzed dna, but the c. fetus and c. sputorum subsp. mucosalis strains did not. strains of all species of ...19827107840
[enteritis caused by campylobacter fetus in navarre].c. fetus ss jejuni was demonstrated in stool samples from 17 patients, among 605 studied, using the selective media of skirrow. 13 of them were children, 11 two years' old or younger, and 4 were adult patients. the frequency of isolation of c. fetus ss jejuni in stool cultures has been greater than the isolation of y. enterocolitica serotype 3, s. sonnei and e. coli, and has been only superated by the isolation of microorganisms belonging to the generus salmonella.19827111952
isolation of campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni from faeces of norwegian poultry. 19827113862
some characteristics of campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni isolated from pigs, birds and man. 19827113871
susceptibility pattern of campylobacter jejuni from human and animal origins to different antimicrobial agents.the in vitro antimicrobial activities of different antimicrobial agents on campylobacter jejuni from human and animal origins were compared by using a dynatech mic 2000 system. in general, the minimal inhibitory concentration distributions for the human strains were very comparable with those of the animal strains. the animal strains had a bimodal distribution for ampicillin, clindamycin, and tetracycline.19827114842
serotyping of campylobacter jejuni isolated from sporadic cases and outbreaks in british columbia.campylobacter jejuni from sporadic cases and outbreaks of gastroenteritis were serotyped on the basis of heat-extracted soluble thermostable antigens identified with the use of the passive hemagglutination technique. a total of 168 isolates were separated into 45 different types. the largest proportion of the isolates fell into three serotypes, each with 11 to 12.5% of the total number. three less frequently occurring serotypes each included approximately 5%, and the remaining 50% of the isolate ...19827119100
isolation of campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni from human fecal specimens by incubation at 35 and 42 degrees c.campylobacter strains were isolated from human stool specimens that were cultured on modified skirrow agar and incubated at 35 and 42 degrees c. incubation at 42 degrees c resulted in more isolates, increased colony numbers, and earlier isolation than was found at 35 degrees c.19827119106
[campylobacter enteritis in 0-5-year-old children in the eindhoven area - and epidemiological study].in the region eindhoven 36 children with campylobacter-enteritis were examined from i january 1980 to 31 december 1980. symptoms were studied and stools were cultured over a four-month period. abdominal pain and/or diarrhea occurred in more than 90% of patients and were not infrequently of longer duration. bloody stools were found in 58% of patients and disappeared relatively early during the time of illness, as well as fever and vomiting. after one month campylobacter could only be cultured in ...19827123534
serology of campylobacter fetus ss. jejuni. 2 serotyping of live bacteria by slide, latex and co-agglutination tests.antisera against 12 campylobacter strains (8 c. fetus ss. jejuni, 2 ss fetus and 2 ss. intestinalis) were obtained from rabbits immunized with formalin treated bacteria. cross testing of live boiled and autoclaved organisms of these strains were performed with direct slide and tube agglutinations, and with agglutinations of latex particles and protein a-containing staphylococci coated with antibodies. confirmed by absorption experiments both heat labile and heat stable antigens were demonstrated ...19827124403
survival and growth of campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni on meat and in cooked foods.twelve strains of campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni isolated from humans and animals grew at temperatures ranging from 34 to 45 degrees c and ph minima between 5.7 and 5.9. only one strain grew at ph 5.8 with lactic acid present at a concentration similar to that in meat. all strains had decimal reduction times of less than 1 min at 60 degrees c. further examination of a typical strain showed that it grew at 37 degrees c on high-ph meat but not at 37 degrees c on normal-ph meat. bacterial number ...19827125649
the occurrence of campylobacter jejuni in dog faeces from a public faeces collected from a public park were cultured on selective media for campylobacter spp. campylobacter jejuni was isolated from 12 (4.6%) of 260 specimens. in contrast salmonella spp. were found in only three (1.2%). six of the 12 isolates were nalidixic acid-resistant thermophilic campylobacters (nartc), whereas during the same period of study none were found among human isolates. most of the campylobacter positive faeces were found during june and july. dog faeces deposited in public pl ...19827130699
pneumonia associated with enteritis due to campylobacter fetus ssp jejuni. 19827137884
the duration of protection against infection with campylobacter fetus subsp. venerealis in immunised bulls. 19827138441
campylobacter fetus subsp jejuni. a cause of diarrhea in a patient with a continent ileostomy. 19827140489
acute infective colitis caused by endemic pathogens in western europe: endoscopic a 4-year period 45 patients were admitted to our gastroenterological u nit with acute infective colitis. the endemic pathogens responsible for the colitis were yersinia enterocolitica (46%), campylobacter fetus jejuni (20%), common salmonellae (13%), less virulent strains of shigella (9%), entamoeba hystolytica (7%) and cytomegalovirus (4%). these microorganisms caused very severe disease in 18% of the patients, who were mostly predisposed. while salmonella- and amoebic colitis always mimicke ...19827140655
pathogenicity of campylobacter jejuni isolates from animals and humans.fourteen isolates of campylobacter jejuni of different serotypes and one campylobacter coli isolate, from various human and animal sources, were tested for potential pathogenic mechanisms. enterotoxin production was not detected in the infant mouse test or by calf and piglet ligated intestinal loop studies. isolates were not invasive by the sereny test. all isolates associated with and penetrated hela cells, although both actions occurred generally in a minor way under the conditions of our stud ...19827141696
antibiotic control of campylobacter fetus by three extenders of bovine semen.campylobacter fetus were added to raw semen in two factorial experiments that evaluated seminal extender, initial antibiotic treatment of raw semen, and inclusion of antibiotics in the extender. extenders were conventional egg yolk citrate, complete egg yolk tes-tris, and complete egg yolk tris. raw semen was treated with 2000 micrograms streptomycin sulfate and 1000 units of polymyxin b sulfate per milliliter. antibiotic-treated extender contained 500 units of polymyxin b sulfate, 1000 microgra ...19827142533
campylobacter fetus subspecies jejuni isolated from syrian hamsters with proliferative ileitis.two groups of syrian hamsters received 3 weeks apart from a commercial supplier became ill and were found to have proliferative ileitis (transmissible ileal hyperplasia). seventy-five of 200 hamsters from one group and 60 of 200 from another group were evaluated by bacteriological and histopathological techniques. campylobacter fetus subspecies jejuni was isolated from all hamsters showing clinical signs of proliferative ileitis. the organism was recovered from fecal swabs and the ileum. many as ...19827144126
[etiological significance of campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni and parvovirus in acute enteritis in the dog]. 19827148215
intestinal colonization and competitive exclusion of campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni in young chicks.colonization of campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni was investigated in monoxenic and holoxenic chicks. in monoxenic chicks, major colonization was found in the crop and ceca, with populations in the ceca consistently reaching 10(9) colony-forming-units/ml of cecal contents over the 28-day test period. bacteremia was found in most chicks, but no significant gross pathological lesions were detected. in holoxenic chicks, major colonization occurred only in the ceca, and no evidence of bacteremia was ...19827150145
outer membrane characteristics of campylobacter jejuni.outer membranes were isolated from type strains and wild-type isolates of campylobacter jejuni and campylobacter coli by sodium lauryl sarcosinate extraction, and the polypeptide complement and lipopolysaccharide (lps) content were analyzed by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. the protein profiles exhibited by membranes from both species were quite similar, but could be distinguished from the type strain of the genus, c. fetus subsp. fetus cip5396. the sodium dodecyl sul ...19827152677
campylobacter jejuni peritonitis complicating continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis.we report the occurrence of campylobacter jejuni peritonitis complicating c. jejuni enteritis in a patient treated with continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis. cure followed oral administration of erythromycin and intraperitoneal therapy with gentamicin.19827153322
trimethoprim activity in media selective for campylobacter jejuni.the activity of trimethoprim (tmp) in two selective media used for isolation of campylobacter jejuni was evaluated. the two selective media, campy-bap and skirrow medium, contain tmp in addition to other antimicrobial agents. the minimal inhibitory concentrations of tmp in blood agar base (basal agar for skirrow medium) or brucella agar (basal agar for campy-bap) for three sensitive control organisms were compared with those in mueller-hinton agar, which contains low levels of thymidine. tmp was ...19827153334
[gastroenteritis caused by campylobacter fetus jejuni]. 19827154734
[campylobacter fetus subspecie jejuni in infants with acute diarrheal syndrome]. 19827156432
isolation of campylobacter fetus subspecies jejuni from hamsters with proliferative ileitis. 19827162131
[campylobacter fetus ssp. jejuni as a frequent cause of diarrhea in humans]. 19827164351
short-term preservation medium for campylobacter fetus subspecies jejuni. 19827166363
[intestinal infection caused by campylobacter fetus (jejuni)]. 19827170145
intestinal occurrence of campylobacter fetus subspecies jejuni and clostridium difficile in children in sweden.stool samples were cultured from 356 children in different states of health and in different age groups between birth and six years of age in order to investigate the occurrence of campylobacter jejuni and clostridium difficile. campylobacter jejuni was isolated from two of 56 children with diarrhoea but was not isolated from any of 300 healthy children or children recently treated with antibiotics. campylobacter jejuni does not seem to be a common cause of diarrhoea in children in sweden and is ...19827173168
antibody response of guinea-pigs and cattle to a campylobacter fetus oil emulsion vaccine. 19827177598
[useful and superfluous measures in the treatment of infant diarrhea].in acute diarrhea of infancy we distinguish between infectious and noninfectious causes. in the latter we know some autosomal recessive disorders, e.g. the glucose-galactose-malabsorption, the lactase deficiency as well as the sucrase-isomaltase deficiency. in addition the most frequent acquired disorders like the cow's milk protein intolerance and celiac disease contribute also to the group of noninfectious causes of diarrhea. here the most effective therapy consists of the elimination of the t ...19827178037
[microbiological studies of beef tartar].two hundred lots of 'filet américain' (a mixture of minced meat, acid sauce, condiments, salt, etc., meant to be eaten raw) were sampled from retailers and examined for several types of micro-organism; 185 lots had been prepared by the retailer, fifteen on an 'industrial' scale. pork had been used in seventy-three lots (including fourteen 'industrial' lots); beef was present in all lots, horse meat in none of them. on the whole, the bacterial state of the meats in which pork had been used was fo ...19827179231
survival of campylobacter jejuni inoculated into ground beef.ground beef was inoculated with mixed cultures of campylobacter jejuni, and the samples were subjected to various cooking and cold-storage temperatures. when samples were heated in an oven at either 190 or 218 degrees c, approximately 10(7) cells of c. jejuni per g were inactivated (less than 30 cells per g) in less than 10 min after the ground beef reached an internal temperature of 70 degrees c. when the samples were held at -15 degrees c over 14 days of storage, the numbers of c. jejuni decli ...19827181502
hippurate hydrolysis by and triphenyltetrazolium tolerance of campylobacter fetus.a rapid test of hippurate hydrolysis and a test of tolerance to triphenyltetrazolium chloride (ttc) were studied in 315 strains of campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni to determine their usefulness for biotyping this organism and for distinguishing it from c. fetus subsp. intestinalis. of the 315 strains tested, 84% hydrolyzed hippurate and 97% were resistant to ttc. ability to hydrolyze hippurate was seen in 99% of 155 human isolates, 75% of 60 avian isolates, 100% of 41 cattle and dog isolates, 8 ...19827186902
a clinical and aetiological study of adult patients hospitalised for acute diarrhoeal disease.sixty adult patients with diarrhoea discharged from the infectious disease unit, auckland hospital in the 15 months from 1 january 1980 were reviewed. thirty had diarrhoea due to enteric organisms (campylobacter fetus 8, shigella 6, salmonella typhi 4, salmonella typhimurium 4, clostridium difficile causing pseudomembranous colitis 3). other diagnoses included ulcerative colitis and a colonic carcinoma. eighteen had no specific diagnosis. combinations of admission fever, faecal leucocytes and le ...19826952128
prevalence and survival of campylobacter jejuni in unpasteurized milk.campylobacter jejuni was isolated from 1 to 108 (0.9%) milk samples obtained from the bulk tanks of nine grade a dairy farms and from 50 of 78 (64%) cows producing grade a milk. survival of eight campylobacter strains in unpasteurized milk (4 degrees c) varied greatly: the most tolerant strain showed a less than 2-log10 decrease in viable cells after 14 days, and the most sensitive strain showed a greater than 6-log10 decrease after 7 days. one strain was still recoverable 21 days after the inoc ...19826897503
evaluation of a commercially available campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni antigen in the serologic diagnosis of campylobacter enteritis. 19826927227
comparison of agglutination, complement fixation and immunofluorescence tests in campylobacter jejuni infections.good antibody responses usually follow infection with campylobacter jejuni. a comparison of agglutination, complement fixation and immunofluorescence tests was done on 55 sera from 40 sporadic patients with diarrhoeal disease and positive cultures for c. jejuni. results showed 82% positive with immunofluorescence, 62% by complement fixation but only 38% by agglutination, using two reference strains cop and mel as antigens. overall 90% of the 40 patients were positive by one or more serological t ...19827037946
campylobacter jejuni: incidence in processed broilers and biotype distribution in human and broiler isolates.campylobacter jejuni was isolated from 18 of 40 processed broiler carcasses and 134 of 327 cloacal swabs obtained at four processing plants in sydney, australia. three of four flocks examined carried c. jejuni. eighty-two percent of chicken and 98% of human isolates from the area were of identical biotypes.19827201780
transport media for campylobacter fetus venerealis. 198216030854
biphasic culture system for rapid campylobacter cultivation.we developed a biphasic culture system consisting of 4 ml of brucella agar (ba) and 6 ml of brucella broth (bb) in 25-cm2 tissue culture flasks, which were incubated in air (bb/baa) or in a gas mixture of 5% o2, 10% co2, and 85% n2 (bb/bag). these media were also used with a supplement consisting of ferrous sulfate, sodium metabisulfite, and sodium pyruvate and incubated as above (fb/faa and fb/fag, respectively). highly satisfactory growth of campylobacter jejuni 301 was obtained with all mediu ...19836401980
a study of the oxygen and carbon dioxide requirements of thermophilic campylobacters.the oxygen and carbon dioxide requirements of different biotypes of thermophilic campylobacters were investigated by means of (a) quantitative studies, and (b) total growth studies. oxygen tolerance of the five test organisms differed markedly and varied with the carbon dioxide concentration. at most carbon dioxide concentrations tested, campylobacter jejuni strains nctc 11168 and nctc 11392 tolerated 21% oxygen (growth reduced), c coli nctc 11353 tolerated 15% oxygen (growth reduced), and c jej ...19836408142
comparison of selective media for isolation of campylobacter jejuni/coli.a comparison of skirrow's, butzler's, blaser's, campy-bap and preston media for campylobacter spp was made using human, animal and environmental specimens. butzler's medium gave the lowest isolation rate and preston medium, which was the most selective, the highest isolation rate. enrichment culture using preston enrichment broth gave a higher isolation rate than direct plating onto preston medium.19836822680
inflammatory abdominal aortic aneurysm infected by campylobacter fetus. 19836823082
campylobacter enteritis in 188 hospitalized patients.the clinical picture and epidemiologic characteristics of infection due to campylobacter fetus subspecies jejuni were studied in 188 patients hospitalized in finland during a three-year period. all but two patients had diarrhea; 90% had abdominal pain, fever, and fatigue; half had vomiting and headache; one third experienced electrolyte disturbances; and one fifth of the patients had other complications, most commonly pancreatitis (6%) and arthritis (5%). all age groups were affected, most usual ...19836824388
relapsing septicemia caused by campylobacter fetus subsp. fetus. 19836825036
prevalence of campylobacter jejuni in two california chicken processing plants.two federally inspected california chicken processing plants participated in campylobacter jejuni prevalence studies. twelve sampling sites were included in each of four groups. groups were based on bird age, scald water temperature, and plant sampled. scald water temperatures of 60 degrees c (140 degrees f) did not contribute to a lower prevalence of c. jejuni in edible parts, as did temperatures of 53 degrees c (127 degrees f) and 49 degrees c (120 degrees f). the feather picker and chilling t ...19836830212
house flies (musca domestica) as possible vectors of campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni.a total of 161 strains of campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni were isolated from house flies (musca domestica). the carrier rates detected were 50.7% in flies captured on a chicken farm and 43.2% in flies from a piggery. the relative prevalences of campylobacter coli, c. jejuni, and nalidixic acid-resistant thermophilic campylobacters were 90.1, 6.2, and 3.7%, respectively. the results indicate that flies may play a linking role in the epidemiology of campylobacter infection in humans by transmitt ...19836830213
experimental campylobacter jejuni infection of adult mice.ha-icr adult mice were studied to develop an animal model for campylobacter jejuni enteritis in humans. fecal and ileal cultures made by selective and nonselective methods showed that c. jejuni and related organisms are not bowel commensals. intragastric feeding of 10(8) cfu of three different strains of c. jejuni produced infection in 100% of the animals, and infection rates were dose dependent. pretreatment with antibiotics or opiates was not necessary to induce infection. fresh isolates and s ...19836832823
culture supernatants of campylobacter jejuni induce a secretory response in jejunal segments of adult rats.culture supernatants of four campylobacter jejuni strains induced a net sodium secretory flux (plasma-lumen) and an impaired glucose transport in perfused jejunal segments of adult rats in vivo.19836832835
the association of malabsorption syndrome with a campylobacter fetus infection. 19836833780
[campylobacter fetus bacteremia].five cases of campylobacter fetus bacteremia are reported. this germ, found in blood cultures, induces high fever and is accompanied by either gastroenteritis with colitis or thrombophlebitis. other, but much rarer septic sites are the meninges and endocardium. patients already debilitated by chronic disease are more susceptible to bacteremia with campylobacter fetus, which worsens the prognosis of the infection. although non-debilitated patients can contract this infection, the prognosis here i ...19836836251
an immunopathologic study of the bovine prepuce.the prepuces of 83 bulls with macroscopically normal reproductive tracts were obtained at slaughter and microbiological, immunological, and histologic studies were done and the findings were correlated. some bulls had been vaccinated on several occasions against campylobacter fetus. mean concentrations of intrapreputial immunoglobulins (ig) in 27 bulls were igg1 - 1.8 +/- 5.2; iga - 0.16 +/- 0.15; and igm - 0.24 +/- 0.24 mg/ml. high concentrations of igg2 in some bulls precluded precise estimati ...19836836875
production of enteritis in calves by the oral inoculation of pure cultures of campylobacter fetus subspecies intestinalis.pure cultures of an isolate of campylobacter fetus subspecies intestinalis obtained from the congested small intestinal mucosa of a two-week-old calf were used to infect three milk-fed calves and three ruminating calves in two separate controlled experiments. inoculated animals all developed clinical signs which included fever (to 40 degrees c) and diarrhoea with excess clear mucus containing occasional spots of blood. c fetus subspecies intestinalis was isolated from the faeces of all infected ...19836836883
isolation of plasmids encoding tetracycline resistance from campylobacter jejuni strains isolated from simians.fifteen isolates of tetracycline-resistant campylobacter jejuni were recovered from stool samples of cynomologous monkeys (macaca fascicularis) housed at the university of washington primate research center, seattle. resistance was associated with carriage of a 38-megadalton plasmid which was transmissible to other strains of c. jejuni but not to escherichia coli. seven isolates also contained a 2.6-megadalton plasmid which was phenotypically cryptic.19836838189
isolation of campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni from the common puffin (fratercula arctica) in norway. 19836842738
legitimacy of the names of subspecies of campylobacter fetus proposed by véron and chatelain, 1980.since the publication of the 8th edition of bergey's manual of determinative bacteriology, there has been considerable confusion concerning the names of 2 subspecies and the types of the subspecies of campylobacter fetus (smith and taylor, 1919) sebald and véron, 1980. despite the documentation of the names c. fetus subsp. fetus (smith and taylor) véron and chatelain and c. fetus subsp. venerealis (florent) véron and chatelain, which appear in the "approved lists of bacterial names", the influen ...19836847035
mycotic aneurysm of the abdominal aorta: successful management of campylobacter fetus aortitis. 19836851545
selective enrichment broth medium for isolation of campylobacter jejuni.a new selective campylobacter enrichment broth for the isolation of campylobacter jejuni has been tested with fecal specimens of human, poultry, and bovine origin. we compared the isolation rate with that from the simultaneous direct plating of a duplicate specimen. of the 380 duplicate specimens examined comparatively, we obtained a 46.3% increase in isolation of c. jejuni by using the new campylobacter enrichment broth medium.19836863504
acute hepatitis associated with campylobacter colitis.a patient with proven campylobacter fetus ss. jejuni acute colitis developed hepatocellular dysfunction, which paralleled the course of the colitis. liver biopsy showed nonspecific reactive hepatitis. other causes of acute hepatocellular damage were excluded. the patient made a complete recovery.19836863882
campylobacter enteritis in normal and immunodeficient children.campylobacter fetus subspecies jejuni (cbj) has been recently recognized as a common pathogen in bacterial gastroenteritis in children. during a period of 16 months, 51 cases of c fetus subspecies jejuni gastroenteritis were diagnosed. five of the children in whom the cases were diagnosed were previously known to be immunodeficient: two had x-linked agammaglobulinemia, one had agammaglobulinemia, one had combined immunodeficiency, and one had transient hypogammaglobulinemia. average duration of ...19836869333
ferret as a potential reservoir for human campylobacteriosis.a survey was conducted to determine the frequency of campylobacter fetus subsp jejuni in feces of ferrets purchased for use in biomedical research. over a 12-month period, 168 ferrets from 2 commercial breeders were examined by bacteriologic cultural procedures for campylobacter spp; 61% were culturally positive for c fetus subsp jejuni. in a therapeutic trial with 16 ferrets shedding c fetus subsp jejuni in feces, erythromycin given orally failed to eliminate intestinal carriage of the organism ...19836870007
susceptibility of clinical isolates of campylobacter jejuni to sixteen antimicrobial agents.the activities of 16 antimicrobial agents against 103 clinical isolates of campylobacter jejuni were tested. all the strains were susceptible to kanamycin and gentamicin. chloramphenicol, nalidixic acid, and clindamycin were active against most of the strains. more than one-third of the strains were resistant to the tetracyclines and 12.5% were resistant to erythromycin.19836870228
serum antibodies in campylobacter enteritis.a solid-phase enzyme immunoassay method for the measurement of total and class-specific serum antibodies to campylobacter jejuni was developed. the test was found to be both sensitive and specific. immunoglobulin m, g, and a antibodies were detected in about 90% of sera collected from patients recovering from campylobacter enteritis, with the pattern of appearance and decline of these antibodies conforming to that usually seen in an acute infection. a poor antibody response was noted in patients ...19836885981
campylobacter jejuni as a bacterial cause of diarrhoea in ile-ife, nigeria.a total of 495 diarrhoea and non-diarrhoea patients whose ages ranged between 5 and 39 years were examined for the presence of campylobacter jejuni, salmonella and shigella species. about 12% of the specimens from diarrhoea patients were positive for campylobacter jejuni compared with 6% and 10% for salmonella and shigella species. in contrast 2%, 0% and 1% of the samples from non-diarrhoea patients were positive for campylobacter jejuni, salmonella and shigella species respectively. most (62%) ...19836886413
the microbial evaluation of acute cellulitis.twenty consecutive patients with acute cellulitis were studied by retrospective chart review. patients with suffusion and edema, with or without vesicles, were included. patients with breaks in the skin, with focal suppurations or with concurrent antimicrobial therapy were excluded. in nineteen of the twenty patients, aspirates (95 percent) failed to grow organisms. pasteurella multocida was grown from subcutaneous aspirate and blood cultures of a single patient; he was immunocompromised by wald ...19836602690
hla-b27-negative arthritis related to campylobacter jejuni enteritis in three children and two adults.five out of 37 patients with proven campylobacter jejuni enteritis developed arthritis. two adult patients presented with classical reiter's syndrome. one of the three children had reactive arthritis, and clinical suspicion of septic arthritis could not be confirmed in two. the acute synovitis subsided usually without treatment in all patients within 3-7 days, while arthralgia persisted longer in 4 patients. hla-b27 was not present in the 5 patients with arthritis, but was found in 4 others. in ...19836605028
a case of a double infection with salmonella typhi and campylobacter fetus subspecies jejuni.a case of a double infection with salmonella typhi and campylobacter subspecies jejuni proven by isolation and serology is reported. the patient was effectively treated with erythromycin and chloramphenicol.19836612785
campylobacter-induced toxic megacolon.a case of a compromised host with myeloproliferative syndrome who presented with severe, relentless but nonbloody diarrhea, fever, severe colitis, and toxic megacolon is presented. blood cultures grew out campylobacter fetus ssp. fetus. specific treatment with erythromycin reversed the grave clinical picture to normal in a 5-day period.19836613968
[campylobacter fetus bacteremia]. 19836618327
identification and characterization of campylobacter jejuni outer membrane proteins.outer membrane proteins from isolates of campylobacter jejuni were examined by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. sarcosinate-insoluble membrane preparations were outer membrane enriched based on increased ketodeoxyoctonate concentrations, the presence of surface-exposed 125i-labeled proteins that were hydrophobic, and similarity to membrane vesicle (bleb) sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis profiles. most isolates contained a single major band with ...19836618667
extended scheme for serotyping campylobacter jejuni: results obtained in israel from 1980 to 1981.the serotyping scheme for campylobacter jejuni previously developed in the national center for campylobacter, jerusalem, was extended by the use of 20 new sera and modified by the absorption of the sera, when necessary, with homologous boiled cultures or heterologous live cultures. the extended scheme is based on slide agglutination of live suspensions and is performed in two stages: pretesting with four pooled sera and final testing with monovalent sera. so far, 34 serotypes have been recognize ...19836619282
electron microscopy of the coccoid form of campylobacter jejuni.confluent cultures of campylobacter jejuni incubated for 24 and 48 h each were examined by electron microscopy. although the 24-h-old cells exhibited typical curved morphology, the 48-h-old cells showed rounded morphology with a loss of cell integrity. this appeared to be an autolytic process that occurred very rapidly after the culture became mature. these results confirm previous evidence that the coccoid form of this organism is a degenerate state.19836619291
[occurrence of campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni in mice and guinea pigs from experimental animal establishments]. 19836624307
inhibitory and lethal activities of rosaramicin, erythromycin, and clindamycin against campylobacter fetus subsp jejuni and a comparative study of the inhibitory and lethal effects of rosaramicin, erythromycin, and clindamycin on strains of campylobacter fetus subsp jejuni and c intestinalis, c jejuni was more readily killed by rosaramicin and clindamycin than was c intestinalis. erythromycin exhibited an equally lethal effect against both subspecies. however, it was the least active of the macrolides tested against both c jejuni and c intestinalis.19836625312
[erythema nodosum and campylobacter fetus infection]. 19836625463
isolation of campylobacter jejuni from raw milk.campylobacter jejuni was isolated from raw milk by a method that can routinely detect less than or equal to 1 organism per ml. this procedure was used in a survey of 195 separate farms and showed a 1.5% incidence of c. jejuni in milk from bulk tanks.19836625570
enhanced isolation of campylobacter jejuni by cold enrichment in campy-thio broth.isolation of campylobacter jejuni from human feces by direct inoculation to campy-bap (scott laboratories, inc., fiskeville, r.i.) was compared with isolation after overnight enrichment at 4 degrees c in campy-thio broth followed by subculture to campy-bap. of 54 positive specimens, 19 were positive only after enrichment, and 5 were positive only on the direct plate. among 36 positive patients, 10 were detected by enrichment only and 2 by direct plating only. laboratories using campy-bap should ...19836630456
effect of ferrous sulfate, sodium metabisulfite, and sodium pyruvate on survival of campylobacter jejuni.a combination of ferrous sulfate, sodium metabisulfite and sodium pyruvate, incorporated in solid medium, maintained the characteristic morphology, motility, and viability of six isolates of campylobacter jejuni stored at room temperature and 4 degrees c for up to 20 and 30 days, respectively, under normal atmospheric conditions.19836630476
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