TitleAbstractYear(sorted ascending)
a human strain of campylobacter fetus subsp. intestinalis grown at 42 degrees c. 19807400364
campylobacter fetus subspecies jejuni bacteremia. 19807403927
antigens of campylobacter fetus subsp fetus eliciting vaccinal immunity in heifers.these studies were designed to identify the antigens of campylobacter fetus subsp fetus that elicit vaccinal immunity. heifers were vaccinated subcutaneously twice (42 days between vaccinations) with bacterins containing k, o, and h antigens (group a), o and h antigens (group b), or o antigen (group c) of the challenge strain. five heifers were not vaccinated and served as controls (group d). two weeks after heifers were given the second vaccination, the immunity of all heifers was challenge exp ...19807406293
serology of campylobacter fetus ss. jejuni )"related" campylobacters). demonstration of strain-specific and interstrain-related antigens by immunoelectrophoresis and co-agglutination.rabbit antisera against two strains of campylobacter fetus ss. fetus (serotype a), two strains of c. fetus ss. intestinalis (serotypes a and b respectively), and eight stains of c. fetus ss. jejuni were used in serological studies of these strains with the use of co-agglutination (coa), line-rocket immunoelectrophoresis (l-rie) and rocket-line immunoelectrophoresis (r-lie). whole bacterial cells, either heated at 56 degrees c. boiled or atuoclaved, were used in coa tests. unheated sonicates were ...19807415842
bacteriostatic and bactericidal activities of 24 antimicrobial agents against campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni.the bacteriostatic and bactericidal activities of 24 antimicrobial agents were tested with the dynatech mic 2000 system against 86 strains of campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni from human sources. the penicillins (penicillin g, ampicillin, amoxycillin, carbenicillin) had poor activity. ampicillin and amoxycillin were equally active. cefotaxime revealed a rather good activity. erythromycin, gentamicin, tobramycin, amikacin, and furazolidone were the most active compounds. two strains (2.3%) were r ...19807416738
campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni as a cause of gastroenteritis in jakarta, indonesia.campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni was isolated from the feces of 15 out of 144 (10%) children (0 to 9 years old) and 4 out of 251 (2%) adults with gastroenteritis and was found together with another enteric pathogen in 2 of the children and in all 4 adults. it was isolated from 2 out of 7 (28%) children and 3 out of 160 (2%) adults with suspected typhoid fever. the bacterium was recovered from 3 out of 4 orphanage children with diarrhea and from 1 without symptoms and was isolated from only 1 ch ...19807419706
[campylobacter fetus subspecies jejuni in chickens (author's transl)].a bacteriological examination of 239 chickens coming from 89 commerical flocks yielded a high incidence of campylobacter fetus subspecies jejuni isolations. from 30.1% of the birds or 41.6% of the flocks this micro-organism was isolated from 28.6% of the jejunal contents and 11.2% of the bile samples respectively. in contrast this agent could not be isolated from the skin or peritoneal cavity of 750 carcasses of broilers (13 flocks) before of after freezing in. no correlation could be found betw ...19807423469
an outbreak of acute enteritis due to campylobacter fetus subspecies jejuni at a nursery school of outbreak of acute enteritis due to campylobacter fetus subspecies jejuni involving a total of 35 out of 74 children occurred at a nursery school of tokyo in january 1979 and lasted for 7 days. it was the first case of a community outbreak of the disease to be recognized in japan. the major symptoms observed in the patients consisted of diarrhea (88%), fever (82%), abdominal pain (39%), and vomiting (6.1%). the rate of isolation of the organism from the patients was 39%. sera of four patients ...19807432196
campylobacter spp in enteric lesions in cattle.campylobacters were isolated from the intestinal mucosa of 16 of 47 cattle examined post mortem. of the 17 isolates seven were identified as campylobacter fetus subsp jejuni, eight as cf subsp intestinalis, one as c fecalis and one remained unidentified. cf subsp jejuni and cf subsp intestinalis were both recovered from one case. gross changes were not always seen at the sites from which campylobacters were isolated but microscopic changes were seen in all cases. the changes seen are described a ...19807434541
campylobacter fetus subspecies jejuni: a common cause of diarrhea in sweden.stool samples from approximately 2,550 patients with gastrointestinal infections were cultured for bacterial pathogens between january 1978 and september 1979, and 277 campylobacter (10.9%), 183 salmonella, 89 shigella, and 17 yersinia infections were identified. campylobacter was found in all age groups, with the majority in the age group of 20-34 years. most cases of campylobacter diarrhea were isolated during summer or late fall. after five weeks, 90% of the patients had no campylobacter in t ...19807441005
hypocomplementemia and campylobacter fetus infection.a middle-aged alcoholic man had low c3 levels during two consecutive episodes of bacteremia with campylobacter fetus, with a return of c3 levels to normal during the interbacteremic period. total complement levels remained below normal throughout the patient's illness, whereas c4 and c3 activator values were in the normal or supranormal range. a rise and fall in hemagglutinating antibody titers, documenting an immune response, coupled with reasonable antimicrobial therapy were not sufficient to ...19807444533
production of diarrhoea and dysentery in experimental calves by feeding pure cultures of campylobacter fetus subspecies jejuni.pure cultures of campylobacter fetus subspecies jejuni of bovine origin were used to inoculate three ruminating calves in each of two experiments and three milk-fed calves in another. inoculated animals all developed clinical signs which included fewer (to 41 degrees c), diarrhoea and sporadic dysentery within one to three days of inoculation. diarrhoeic faeces were dark, mucoid, of uniform consistency and were passed for six to 15 days. the eight control animals did not develop this syndrome. c ...19807445343
'1001' campylobacters: cultural characteristics of intestinal campylobacters from man and animals.the cultural characteristics of 1220 campylobacter strains from a variety of sources are described. forty-two were identified as campylobacter fetus ssp. fetus (véron & chatelain, 1973), 1120 as members of the c. jejuni/c. coli group, and 58 did not conform to any known description. sixteen of the latter strains had the basic characteristics of c. fetus but were atypical in certain other respects. the other 42 strains had the thermophilic characteristics of the jejuni/coli group, but were resist ...19807462593
[campylobacter fetus intestinalis: 1st isolation associated with ovine epizootic abortion in mexico]. 19807209173
isolation of campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni from migratory waterfowl.since the sources from which humans acquire campylobacter enteritis are only partially known, we studied the frequency of carriage of campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni in migratory waterfowl. cecal contents of various species of wild ducks were cultured on selective media that contained antibiotics to inhibit normal flora. thirty-five percent of the 445 ducks cultured harbored c. fetus subsp. jejuni. migratory waterfowl are yet another reservoir for this enteric pathogen and may be of public hea ...19807217334
enriched brucella medium for storage and transport of cultures of campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni.a semisolid brucella medium with 10% sheep blood was used for storage and transport of campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni and subsp. intestinalis and kept isolated alive about 3 weeks or longer at 25 degrees c or when sent through the regular mail.19807217338
[prevalence of campylobacter fetus ssp. jejuni in danish dogs (author's transl)].rectal swabs from dogs were examined for campylobacter fetus ssp. jejuni. the rate of positive findings from dogs with diarrhoea was 17.2% compared with 11.1% from the group of control dogs (without diarrhoea). thus dogs may, under danish conditions, be reservoir for campylobacter. most of the isolations were made on bloodagar after filtration of the samples through 0.6 mu filters. the selectivity of two media developed for examination of human faecal samples was either too low or too high for t ...19817220268
pancreas affection in association with enteritis due to campylobacter fetus ssp. jejuni.a woman with pancreas affection during diarrhoea due to campylobacter fetus ssp. jejuni is presented. the patient recovered within 8 days without specific treatment. in addition, 5 other cases with pancreas affection associated with campylobacter infection are cited.19817223520
perinatal campylobacter fetus ss jejuni enteritis.a 2-day-old breast-fed male infant developed mucoid and blood diarrhoea, and campylobacter fetus ss jejuni was isolated from the stools but not from the blood. the probable source of transmission was his mother in whom symptoms of campylobacter jejuni-associated illness began one day earlier. both showed igm, igg and iga antibody responses to autologous and reciprocal strains of campylobacter jejuni as studied by elisa.19817234412
acute cholecystitis and campylobacter fetus. 19817235429
campylobacter fetus ssp jejuni: isolation from patients with gastroenteritis.within a seven-month period, campylobacter fetus ssp jejuni was isolated in east tennessee from 18 patients with gastroenteritis; 83% of these patients had bloody diarrhea. absence of other enteric organisms such as salmonella, shigella, and yersinia implicated c fetus ssp jejuni as the causative agent. a fourfold increase in titer by tube agglutination from four of eight patients studied supported the pathogenicity of this organism. treatment with erythromycin alleviated gastroenteritis symptom ...19817466431
laboratory-acquired campylobacter enteritis.a case of gastroenteritis occurred in a laboratory worker 2 1/2 days after exposure in the laboratory to a culture of campylobacter fetus ss jejuni. spontaneous recovery was complete after 1 1/2 weeks.19817455753
campylobacter enteritis in order to establish a reasonable protocol for a diagnostic laboratory we conducted a survey during which we confined the routine culture of stool samples for campylobacter fetus to two groups--all infants under 2 years of age, and older children and adults with obviously diarrhoeic stools. camp. fetus was isolated from 100 of 2323 stool specimens (4,3%). this is within the 3 - 8% isolation rates previously reported from surveys in which all specimens were cultured. camp. fetus isolates represe ...19817455853
effect of moisture content of the medium on colony morphology of campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni.reduction in the moisture content of the medium produced a profound effect on the colony morphology of campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni. fresh medium produced flat, grayfish, spreading colonies with an irregular shape and variety appearance. plates that were incubated at 30 degrees c for 48 h produced round, convex, butyrous colonies with an entire edge. plates incubated at 30 degrees c for 24 h before inoculation produced colonies of an intermediate nature; they were round and raised, but not ...19817309853
the occurrence of campylobacter jejuni in fresh food and survival under different conditions.campylobacter jejuni was an almost regular finding in chickens and in minced meat from pigs and cattle sold in ordinary food stores. the bacteria survived on the food at 4 degrees c for one week and frozen at -20 degrees c for three months. none of the strains tested survived heat treatment at 60 degrees c for longer than 15 min. c. jejuni is apparently a frequent guest in most kitchens. correct food handling and heat treatment to at least 60 degrees c for 15 min should be enough to prevent infe ...19817310124
campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni: experience in a large chicago medical center.from january 1979 through december 1979, 2069 stool specimens received by our laboratory for enteric culturing were additionally examined for the presence of campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni. the study population included inpatients, outpatients and hospital food handlers. patients were included regardless of symptoms. enteric pathogens were identified as follows: salmonella, 27 isolates; campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni, 26 isolates; and shigella, 11 isolates. twenty-five of 26 patients with ...19817315864
occurrence of campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni and yersinia enterocolitica in domestic animals and in some foods of animal origin in finland.fecal samples of some domestic animals were investigated for occurrence of c. fetus subsp. jejuni and y. enterocolitica. the findings in this survey suggest, that the contamination rate in domestic animals for both bacteria is low. raw milk, pasteurized milk or ground meat samples were not positive for c. fetus subsp. jejuni. four per cent of the raw milk samples were positive for y. enterocolitica. each of the y. enterocolitica strains belonged to nilehn's biotype 1 and they were noninvasive.19817329785
immunity in the female bovine reproductive tract based on the response to "campylobacter fetus". 19817331952
nature of immunity in the male bovine reproductive tract based upon responses to campylobacter fetus and trichomonas fetus. 19817331953
clinical and serological studies in patients with campylobacter fetus ssp. jejuni infection: i. clinical findings.stool samples from 775 patients with diarrhoea referred to a hospital over an 18-month period were cultured for campylobacter fetus ssp. jejuni, and in 55 patients (7.1%), infections were identified. in addition, one asymptomatic patient had a positive stool sample and serological evidence of a current infection. the patients were aged between 11 and 76 years, the majority being in the age group 15 to 39 years. the symptoms included diarrhoea (in almost 100%), fever (in 80%) and abdominal tender ...19817333678
clinical and serological studies in patients with campylobacter fetus ssp. jejuni infection: ii. serological findings.the serological responses of 53 patients with campylobacter fetus ssp. jejuni enteritis were determined with formalinized, boiled and autoclaved antigen suspensions of four reference strains and the autologous isolate. agglutinin titres of 400 or greater were found against both formalinized and boiled reference antigens in 64% of the patients. using boiled reference antigens five seropositive patients were found who had not been detected with the formalinized reference antigens, and vice versa. ...19817333679
[campylobacter-enteritis in children (author's transl)].during 1980 out of 3,680 stool specimens of children aged up to 6 years with diarrhea routinely screened for enteropathogenic bacteria, 72 cases of campylobacter fetus ssp. jejuni infection were found. they were more common during the summer months, in children aged less than 4 years, and in boys rather than in girls (2, 9:1). the most common symptoms were watery, mucus, and haemorrhagic diarrhea, fever, vomiting and abdominal pain. all strains exhibited nearly identical sensitivity patterns for ...19817335094
[campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni as a surface contaminant of fresh and chilled pig carcasses (author's transl)].an investigation was carried out into the occurrence of campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni on the surfaces of fresh and chilled pig carcasses. swabs were taken of the water in the scald-tank, from cut surfaces, and from cut surfaces of carcasses that had been stored at 5 degrees c for 4 days. a total of 310 swabs was investigated, of which 10 were from the scald-tank, 100 from livers, 100 from cut surfaces, and 100 from cut surfaces of carcasses stored at refrigeration temperature. a specific enr ...19817335483
[the occurrence of campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni and salmonella bacteria in some wild birds (author's transl)].an investigation was carried out into the occurrence of campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni and salmonella species in some wild birds. a total of 129 birds was examined, consisting of 71 pigeons, 54 seagulls, three crows and one raven. campylobacter bacteria were isolated from 32 birds (24.8%), of which three were pigeons, 27 seagulls and two were crows. of the 27 campylobacter strains isolated from seagulls, four had the biochemical characteristics of the nartc biotype described by skirrow and be ...19817335487
a re-examination of the role of campylobacter fetus subspecies coli in enteric disease of the pig.campylobacter fetus subspecies coli was isolated from the small intestines of 17 piglets less than six weeks of age submitted for diagnosis. sixteen of these animals had enteritis and in five of them no other probable bacterial cause of the enteric lesions was identified. changes including congestion of the small intestinal mucosa, reduction in the height of the villi, thickening of the terminal ileum and histological evidence for inflammatory change in the small intestine were seen at post mort ...19817336550
campylobacter fetus subspecies intestinalis in syria. 19817340087
tritrichomonas foetus agglutination tests upon samples collected from cattle: cross-reactions associated with vaccination against campylobacter fetus subsp venerealis. 19817340796
campylobacter enteritis mimicking acute abdominal emergency.among 81 hospitalized patients with enteritis due to campylobacter fetus ssp. jejuni, abdominal pain was found to be an outstanding symptom, being observed in half the patients on admission. in 16 patients pain was the main reason for admission and in 5 prompted laparotomy. in 4 cases appendicitis was suspected, but in only 2 was slight inflammation seen; in 1 of these, however, the inflammation could not be verified by microscopic examination. one patient was operated on because of intestinal o ...19817344386
campylobacter fetus ss. jejuni, a newly recognized enteric pathogen: morphology and intestinal colonization.campylobacter fetus ss. jejuni has recently been recognized as a frequent enteric pathogen of man. although long known as a significant pathogen of domestic animals, little is known regarding mechanisms of colonization and pathogenesis. in an effort to study the colonization and morphology of this organism, we used scanning electron microscopy to examine ilea and colons from mice in which a human isolate of c. fetus ss. jejuni had been inoculated. when inoculated into the ileum of the mice, a tr ...19817347416
persistent excretion of campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni. 19817272877
[gastrointestinal infections caused by campylobacter fetus]. 19817274796
campylobacter fetus subsp jejuni: its possible significance in enteric disease of calves and lambs.fecal samples from 127 diarrheic and 3 healthy beef calves, representing 25 herds with enteric disease, were cultured for campylobacter, using filtration and a selective medium. campylobacter fetus subsp jejuni (cfj) was isolated from 51 (40%) of the diarrheic calves representing 14 (56%) herds and from the 3 clinically healthy calves (1 each in 3 of these 14 herds). campylobacter fetus subsp intestinalis was not isolated from the calves. fecal samples from 36 diarrheic and 20 healthy lambs repr ...19817283242
intestinal colonization of neonatal animals by campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni.neonatal mice (2.3 to 2.8 g) were inoculated intragastrically with different human isolates of campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni. at weekly intervals thereafter, mice were sacrificed and dilution plate counts were performed on segments of the gastrointestinal tract. mice were uniformly colonized by some strains for 2 weeks, whereas other strains were being cleared at that time. one strain (bo216) persisted in some mice for 3 weeks. the greatest number of organisms (10(7)) was recovered from the ...19817287188
evaluation of media for isolation of campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni from fecal specimens.isolation rates of campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni from human fecal specimens were equivalent after broth enrichment (thioglycolate medium containing antibiotics) and direct inoculation on two brucella blood agar media containing ferrous sulfate, sodium metabisulfite, and sodium pyruvate, identical concentrations of vancomycin and trimethoprim, and different concentrations of polymyxin b and cephalothin. studies with clinical isolates of c. fetus subsp. jejuni demonstrated temperature-dependen ...19817287894
campylobacter gastroenteritis in neonates.campylobacter fetus enteritis is thought to be an unusual infection in the newborn. we describe eight term neonates with gastroenteritis caused by c fetus subspecies jejuni who were seen during a two-year period. symptoms of bloody diarrhea (7/8) and irritability (6/8) began between 2 and 11 days of age. none of the infants was seriously ill; only one infant was febrile. none of the seven infants who had blood cultures drawn had bacteremia with c fetus, and none of the infants had complications. ...19817293989
transmissible plasmids from campylobacter jejuni.tetracycline resistance in clinical isolates of campylobacter jejuni was shown to be plasmid mediated. intra- and interspecies transfers to c. fetus subsp. fetus were demonstrated. the frequency of transfer was increased by approximately 100-fold on a solid surface by using a plate- or filter-mating procedure, as compared with a liquid-mating method. results of experiments in which cell-free filtrates were used to replace the donor strain in mating experiments tend to rule out bacteriophage-medi ...19817294767
experimental campylobacter diarrhea in animal model for campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni enteritis was developed in 3-day-old chickens. diarrhea was induced in 88% (22 of 25) of chickens inoculated with 9 x 10(7) bacteria given orally. the mean incubation time was 45 h (range, 24 to 72 h). considerable weight loss was observed in the experimental group compared with the control group. ninety bacteria was the minimal infective dose capable of inducing diarrhea in 90% of the chickens. overall mortality was 32% (8 of 25). light micr ...19817298187
susceptibility of campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni, isolated from patients in jakarta, indonesia to ten antimicrobial agents. 19817298551
campylobacter colitis: a common infectious form of acute colitis.a case of acute ulcerating colitis due to campylobacter fetus is presented. the radiographic and endoscopic findings are indistinguishable from those of idiopathic acute ulcerative colitis. the clinical and bacteriological data relating to campylobacter are discussed.19817308695
long-term infections with campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni.seventy-three apparently healthy, rural south african schoolchildren 6 to 8 or 13 to 16 years of age were examined five times over a 16-month period for fecal pathogens. nine were positive for campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni. the organism was isolated intermittently from six children for at least 9 months and from three children for more than 1 year. five of the long-term infections occurred among the 46 children aged 6 to 8 years (10.9%) versus one long-term infection among the 27 children ag ...19817240397
campylobacter enterocolitis.we report four patients with bloody diarrhea and colitis from campylobacter fetus subspecies jejuni. two patients had dogs with campylobacter fetus in their stools. all patients responded rapidly and completely to erythromycin therapy. campylobacter fetus subspecies jejuni is now a relatively common cause of enterocolitis, more common than salmonella or shigella. when the organism causes short-lived water diarrhea, a definitive diagnosis is not necessary. in a patient with bloody diarrhea and ac ...19817240691
arthritis associated with campylobacter jejuni enteritis.among 342 patients with infection due to campylobacter fetus ss. jejuni, 8 cases (2.3%) of arthritis were found. three patients had monoarthritis and 5 oligoor polyarthritis. the arthritis began 4 days - 4 weeks after the onset of diarrhoea; this interval and the synovial fluid findings suggest that the arthritis was reactive. the histocompatibility antigen hla-b 27 was identified in 5 of the 7 patients tested.19817244582
campylobacter infections in pregnancy. case report and literature review.campylobacter fetus is a major cause of venereally transmitted abortion and sterility in ungulates, and a recently recognized, common enteric pathogen in man. the role of the organism as a cause of human fetal wastage has not been delineated. we present a case of bacteremic campylobacter infection in a pregnant woman, and review the published cases of campylobacteriosis in pregnancy and the perinatal period. systemic maternal infection may present either as prolonged febrile illness or fulminant ...19817246658
antimicrobial susceptibility of campylobacter jejuni with special reference to resistance patterns of canadian isolates.agar dilution antimicrobial susceptibility testing of camphylobacter jejuni showed that erythromycin, clindamycin, nitrofurantoin, and gentamicin were the most active compounds, inhibiting 90% of the isolates at a concentration of 1 microgram/ml or less. the frequency of high-level erythromycin resistance was 1%. erythromycin-resistant isolates showed cross-resistance to clindamycin. all strains were inhibited by chloramphenicol at less than or equal to 8 micrograms/ml. about 20% of the isolates ...19817247381
the hamster as a reservoir of campylobacter fetus subspecies jejuni. 19817252269
diarrhea due to campylobacter fetus subspecies jejuni. a clinical review of 63 cases.campylobacter fetus subspecies jejuni was isolated fom the feces of 63 (3.2%) of the 1,953 patients who had stools cultured at the mayo clinic in 1979. in contrast, salmonella and shigella combined were isolated from 31 (1.6%) patients. two patients had double infections with salmonella species and c. fetus subsp jejuni. three patients had no diarrhea at the time of stool culture. one patient, who had chronic lymphocytic leukemia, had both blood and stool cultures positive for c. fetus subsp jej ...19817253703
isolation of campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni from the gallbladder of normal slaughter pigs, using an enrichment procedure. 19817258027
reiter's syndrome in association with enteritis due to campylobacter fetus ssp. 18-year-old girl with reiter's syndrome after febrile diarrhoea was found to be infected with campylobacter fetus spp. jejuni. excretion of campylobacter into stools was stopped by erythromycin therapy, but active polyarthritis lasted for 6 months. the patient was positive for hla b27.19817259333
relative frequency of clostridium difficile in patients with diarrheal disease.we have studied 161 patients with diarrheal disease to determine the frequency with which clostridium difficile occurs in such patients. c. difficile or its toxin or both were detected in stools from 19 patients (11.9%), 17 of whom had previously received antimicrobial agents. enteric pathogens other than c. difficile were recovered less frequently, with salmonella sp., giardia lamblia, and campylobacter fetus being recovered from 4.1, 2.5, and 1.3%, respectively, of the patients studied. these ...19817263852
[campylobacter fetus intestinalis septicemia]. 19817208200
campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni in a turkey processing plant.cecal cultures taken over a 1-year period from 600 turkeys at a poultry processing plant were all positive for campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni. swabs of the cloaca and fresh feces were likewise all positive. of 33 freshly dressed turkey carcases, 94% were positive before chilling in tanks of chlorinated ice and water; 34% of 83 carcasses were still positive after overnight soaking in the tanks. increasing the chlorine content from 50 to 340 ppm (50 to 340 micrograms/ml) did not cause a decreas ...19817204547
comparison of selective media for primary isolation of campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni.three selective media, skirrow, butzler, and a modification of butzler medium, were compared for the primary isolation of campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni. this organism was isolated from 87 of 347 specimens (72 from 240 dogs rectal swabs and 15 from 107 cats rectal swabs). the positive rate for dogs (30%) was twice as high as that for cats (14%). skirrow and butzler media were comparable in their isolation of c. fetus subsp. jejuni. a significantly higher rate of positive results was obtained ...19817204549
[campylobacter neonatal enteritis (author's transl)].authors communicate four cases of bloody diarrhea in neonates, with campylobacter fetus jejuni in the stools. in one case, the same bacteria was isolated from the mother and, in another case, existed possibility of a cross-infection. the mildness of the evolution is marked, specially in those cases in which maternal feeding was continued. some diagnostic and epidemiological aspects, concerning the neonatal period, are commented.19816975051
erythromycin. new indications and toxicities.although erythromycin was introduced into clinical medicine more than 28 years ago, the indications for its use continue to expand. this antibiotic has emerged as appropriate therapy for legionnaires' disease, chronic bacterial prostatitis caused by escherichia coli, klebsiella pneumoniae, and proteus species, enteritis and colitis produced by campylobacter fetus, and soft tissue and pleuropulmonary anaerobic infections in which bacteroides fragilis plays no role. in combination with an aminogly ...19817194477
evaluation of transport and storage techniques for isolation of campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni from turkey cecal specimens.immediate culturing of fecal specimens is not always possible, and appropriate methods for transport and storage of campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni specimens have not been fully evaluated. using nine techniques, we studied the survival of c. fetus subsp. jejuni in cecal specimens from infected turkeys. the organisms survived in specimens held without transport medium for 3 to 15 days (median, 9 days) at 4 degrees c, and 2 to 9 days (median, 4 days) at 25 degrees c. only 20% of specimens frozen ...19817016895
experimental infection of rhesus monkeys with a human strain of campylobacter jejuni.young rhesus monkeys (macaca mulatta) were infected orally with a human strain of campylobacter jejuni. the disease induced was mild, with inappetence and diarrhoea of short duration, but prolonged intermittent excretion of the bacteria in the faeces occurred. bacteraemia was generally present for 2--3 days and later the organisms localized in the liver and gall bladder. recovered animals, when challenged with the same strain, showed no clinical symptoms, no bacteraemia, and excreted the organis ...19817016990
enteropathogenic bacteria in frozen chicken.eighty-two samples of frozen chicken from retail stores were examined for the presence of campylobacter, yersinia enterocolitica, and salmonellae. aerobic plate counts and numbers of coliform bacteria at 37 degrees c were determined. campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni was found in 22% of the samples, y. enterocolitica was found in 24.5% and salmonella typhimurium was found in one sample (1.2%). the isolated strains of y. enterocolitica belonged to serotypes 4, 5b, 6, and 8. aerobic plate counts a ...19817020597
campylobacter fetus subsp jejuni bacteremia in diffuse lymphoma. 19817022038
the etiology of anorectal infections in homosexual men.the infectious etiology of symptomatic anorectal disease was studied in 52 homosexual men who did not have gonococci on initial gram stain of anorectal exudate. herpes simplex virus (hsv) was isolated from the anal canal or rectum in 15 of the 52 (29 percent) men and characteristically caused severe anorectal pain and focal ulcerations visible on sigmoidoscopy. despite negative initial gram stains, seven men (14 percent) had anorectal gonococcal infection. six (12 percent) had syphilis, includin ...19817025620
isolation of campylobacter fetus from blood cultures.campylobacter fetus subsp. fetus, previously known as campylobacter fetus subsp. intestinalis, was isolated from two blood cultures taken from a 45-year-old man admitted with gastrointestinal symptoms and a history of lymphocytic lymphoma. campylobacters are not common blood culture isolated but can be a cause of bacteraemia and septicaemia especially in the compromised host. the isolation and identification of campylobacter fetus subsp. fetus by standard blood culture techniques is described an ...19817029231
[endocarditis caused by campylobacter fetus. description of a new case]. 19817036252
seroepidemiological studies with campylobacter fetus.324 sera from unselected male and 581 sera from female patients as well as 268 sera from prostitutes were studied for antibodies against campylobacter fetus using the complement fixation test. antigen was campylobacter fetus subspecies intestinalis. 3.9% of the sera showed low but relevant antibody titers. statistically significant differences don't exist between the three population investigated. serological cross reactions could not be observed using salmonella typhimurium, shigella flexneri, ...19817036594
prepartum changes of plasma concentrations of prostaglandin f and 13,14-dihydro-15-ketoprostaglandin metabolites in pregnant animals exposed to sarcocystis cruzi or campylobacter fetus.pregnant cows at 4- to 5-months' of gestation were exposed to sarcocystis cruzi or campylobacter fetus. plasma prostaglandin f (pgf) and 13,14-dihydro-15-ketoprostaglandin metabolite (pgm) concentrations were determined at intervals from before exposure until abortion or parturition. the plasma pgf concentration of pregnant infected cattle remained at 0.02 +/- 0.04 ng/ml until 24 to 48 hours before abortion or parturition when it increased 5-fold to 0.11 +/- 0.12 ng/ml. the plasma pgm concentrat ...19816784618
acute ulceration of ileal stoma due to campylobacter fetus subspecies jejuni. 19816786499
milk-borne campylobacter infection.the common factor in 13 recent outbreaks of campylobacter jejuni enteritis was the consumption of unpasteurised or incompletely pasteurised milk. c jejuni is a common commensal in the alimentary tract of milking cows, but it is not clear how the milk becomes contaminated with the organism. pasteurisation will readily eliminate the organism from milk. in england and wales 3% of milk retailed is still unpasteurised, and in the light of these findings it is suggested that only pasteurised milk shou ...19816786504
infective dose of campylobacter jejuni in milk. 19816786571
campylobacter enteritis associated with the consumption of free school milk.a large outbreak of campylobacter enteritis associated with the consumption of free school milk is described. the outbreak had an abrupt onset, and lasted for about 3 weeks; it involved mainly school children in the 2-4 and 5-7 year old age groups. during this period it was established from epidemiological and microbiological data that some 2500 children were infected. the source of the epidemic was almost certainly contaminated milk, although bacteriological proof could not be obtained. biotypi ...19816895230
serological studies in two outbreaks of campylobacter jejuni infection.two outbreaks of campylobacter enteritis in residential student populations are described. in the first outbreak, 34 of 240 students in one hall of residence became ill over the course of 4 or 5 days. a single serotype of c. jejuni was isolated from sample of faeces. sera collected demonstrated that the students had little pre-existing antibody and antibody responses were demonstrated in those who were infected. about 30% of students with serological evidence for infection with c. jejuni did not ...19816895231
campylobacter fetus jejuni enteritis; in new york city. 19816938818
bovine campylobacteriosis: a review.campylobacteriosis (vibriosis) is a venereal disease of cattle caused by the organism campylobacter fetus subspecies fetus previously known as vibrio fetus subspecies venerealis. characteristically the disease causes infertility in the female with an increased number of services necessary for conception. abortions late in gestation are also occasionally seen. most cases or outbreaks occur after the recent introduction of an infected bull or cow into a susceptible breeding herd. often the disease ...19817039808
isolation of campylobacter fetus subsp jejuni from zoo animals.over a 1-year period, 619 fecal specimens from animals at the denver zoo were cultured for campylobacter fetus subsp jejuni. the organism was isolated from 35 animals, including 12 primates, 2 felids, a red panda, 13 hooved animals, 6 birds, and 1 reptile. of 44 cultured fecal specimens from diarrheal animals, 31.8% were positive for campylobacter, whereas only 5.6% of 575 specimens from animals without diarrhea were positive (p less than 0.001). among 25 isolates tested, 12 serotypes were repre ...19816799468
bactericidal activity of antibiotics against campylobacter fetus subspecies intestinalis. 19816262415
travelers' diarrhea in panamanian tourists in determine whether residents of developing countries are unlikely to acquire travelers' diarrhea, 64 panamanians of widely divergent socioeconomic strata were studied during a 15-day tour through mexico. twenty-three (36%) tourists experienced 27 episodes of travelers' diarrhea that were caused by seven different pathogens. the most commonly identified etiologic agents were rotavirus (26%), norwalk virus (15%), and campylobacter fetus (11%), whereas enterotoxigenic escherichia coli was not fre ...19816273474
plasma alpha-fetoprotein concentrations in pregnant cows exposed to sarcocystis cruzi, campylobacter fetus, or aspergillus fumigatus.bovine alpha-fetoprotein (afp) was determined in maternal plasma, using radioimmunoassay in an attempt to detect and monitor fetal distress in pregnant cows. plasma from pregnant cows in the 4th to 5th month of the gestation which had been exposed to sarcocystis cruzi, campylobacter fetus, or aspergillus fumigatus was used. plasma afp concentrations were determined at intervals from before the cows were exposed until they had aborted or calved. the plasma afp concentration of the exposed pregnan ...19816176152
in vitro susceptibility of campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni to n-formimidoyl thienamycin, rosaramicin, cefoperazone, and other antimicrobial agents.the activities of 11 antimicrobial agents against 36 strains of campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni were studied by a broth microdilution method. all strains were susceptible to 7 of the 11 antimicrobial agents. of the newer agents tested n-formimidoyl thienamycin (mk0787) and rosaramicin had very good activity, whereas cefotaxime, moxalactam, and cefoperazone had poorer activity.19816459767
growth of non-campylobacter, oxidase-positive bacteria on selective campylobacter agar.a total of 67 oxidase-positive, gram-negative bacteria were tested for growth on selective campylobacter agar (blaser formulation, bbl microbiology systems, cockeysville, md.) at 42 degrees c under microaerophilic conditions. although the growth of most of these bacteria was prevented, all strains of achromobacter xylosoxidans, pseudomonas aeruginosa, pseudomonas putrefaciens, pseudomonas alcaligenes, and pseudomonas pseudoalcaligenes grew as well as campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni.19826179961
campylobacteriosis--a "new" disease in laboratory animals.campylobacter fetus ss jejuni is now recognized as a leading cause of diarrhea in humans. with the development of proper culture techniques, c jejuni has been isolated from humans with diarrhea as frequently as salmonella or shigella species. laboratory animal models are being developed to study the pathogenesis of campylobacter-induced diarrhea; also, identification of c jejuni is occurring more frequently in a variety of laboratory animals, whether asymptomatic carriers or those with clinical ...19826186839
[enterocolitis caused by campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni--epidemiology and hygiene with special reference to federal legislation and public health measures]. 19826213894
the relative importance of rotavirus and other pathogens in the etiology of gastroenteritis in trinidadian children.over a 2-year period, 300 infants less than 3 years old with gastroenteritis admitted to hospitals in trinidad were investigated for the presence of certain microorganisms in the feces, along with an equal number of age- and sex-matched controls. rotavirus was detected in 23% of cases and 1% of controls; salmonella in 7% of cases and in 1% of controls; shigella in 4% of cases and in no controls and two serotypes of enteropathogenic e. coli in 7% of cases and in 2% of controls. campylobacter fetu ...19826277207
respiratory physiology and energy conservation efficiency of campylobacter jejuni.a study of the electron transport chain of the human intestinal pathogen campylobacter jejuni revealed a rich complement of b- and c-type cytochromes. two c-type cytochromes were partially purified: one, possibly an oxidase, bound carbon monoxide whereas the other, of high potential was unreactive with carbon monoxide. respiratory activities determined with membrane vesicles were 50- to 100-fold higher with formate and hydrogen than with succinate, lactate, malate, or nadh as substrates. evidenc ...19826277867
aerobic and anaerobic respiratory systems in campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni grown in atmospheres containing hydrogen.maximum growth of campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni, strain c-61, occurred when the cultures were incubated with shaking in atmospheres containing approximately 30% hydrogen, 5% oxygen, and 10% co2. suspensions of cells grown under these conditions consumed oxygen with formate as the substrate in the presence of 0.33 mm cyanide, which completely inhibited respiration with ascorbate-n,n,n',n'-tetramethyl-p-phenylenediamine and with lactate. spectroscopic evidence with intact cells suggested that ...19826288661
campylobacter jejuni survival in chicken meat as a function of temperature.recognition of campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni (referred to hereafter as c. jejuni) as an important human pathogen and its isolation from meat products indicate the need for knowledge of its survival characteristics in meats. thermal death times (d-values) for a single strain and a five-strain composite were determined in 1% peptone and autoclaved ground chicken meat at temperatures ranging from 49 to 57 degrees c. survival was determined for these strains in chicken meat at 4, 23, 37, and 43 ...19826812501
comparison of campypak ii with standard 5% oxygen and candle jars for growth of campylobacter jejuni from human determine optimal temperature and atmospheric conditions for isolating campylobacter jejuni from fecal specimens of humans, we studied six laboratory isolates and 19 fecal specimens that were known to contain c. jejuni. we compared incubations in 5% oxygen, the campypak ii (bbl microbiology systems, cockeysville, md.) with 6 plates per jar (cp-6) and 12 plates per jar (cp-12), and candle jars at 37 and 42 degrees c. at both temperatures, the colony sizes for the laboratory strains were larger ...19826749892
a most probable number method for estimating small numbers of campylobacters in water.a most probable number (mpn) method capable of estimating as few as ten campylobacters per 100 ml of water is described. the method gave results close to those obtained by the viable count method of miles, misra & irwin (1938) with graded suspensions of campylobacter jejuni. the method was used to test raw water samples: counts were obtained ranging from 10 to 230 campylobacters per 100 ml for 11 49 coastal and estuary water samples, and from 10 to 36 campylobacters per 100 ml for 7 of 44 river ...19826752269
[cultural demonstration of campylobacter fetus subspecies fetus in preputial rinsing samples from insemination and breeding bulls]. 19826758761
[recent studies on campylobacter fetus jejuni]. 19826764587
enrichment medium and control system for isolation of campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni from stools.enrichment culture with a semisolid medium increased by 6% the isolation rate of campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni. the semisolid enrichment medium was also used successfully as a transport medium for campylobacter isolates. a blood agar plate streaked with pseudomonas aeruginosa, clostridium perfringens, and a laboratory strain of campylobacter was a good control system for the microaerophilic atmosphere. good growth of all three organisms indicated satisfactory conditions for culturing campylo ...19826764764
evaluation of the campypak ii gas generator system for isolation of campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni.the campypak ii (bbl microbiology systems, cockeysville, md.) method for isolating campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni was evaluated with clinical specimens by comparison with an evacuation replacement procedure. of 757 specimens, 26 (3.4%) were positive for c. fetus subsp. jejuni. all 26 were recovered by both systems. no difference was found in the time necessary for isolation, except with one isolate that required 3 days for isolation with campypak ii and 2 days with the established procedure. ...19826764774
comparison of atmospheres of incubation for primary isolation of campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni from animal specimens: 5% oxygen versus candle atmosphere with reduced oxygen tension is required for the primary isolation of campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni. therefore, we compared use of the conventional atmosphere of 5% oxygen and 8% carbon dioxide with use of a candle jar (17% oxygen and 3% carbon dioxide) for primary isolation of c. fetus subsp. jejuni from 263 positive canine, cattle, and turkey fecal or cecal specimens. at an incubation temperature of 42 degrees c, the atmosphere with 5% oxygen resulted in more campylobacter col ...19826764778
dark-field microscopy of human feces for presumptive diagnosis of campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni determine the value of direct dark-field microscopy for diagnosing enteritis due to campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni, we examined 1,377 human fecal specimens for bacteria with typical campylobacter darting motility, leukocytes, and erythrocytes. eighty-four specimens (6.1%) grew c.fetus subsp. jejuni. of the 48 specimens showing campylobacter motility, 30 (62%) grew c. fetus subsp. jejuni. the sensitivity, specificity, and predictive value of observing campylobacter motility were 36%, 99%, a ...19826764779
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