TitleAbstractYear(sorted ascending)
septicaemia and meningitis with campylobacter fetus subspecies intestinalis.two cases of infection with campylobacter fetus subspecies intestinalis are reported. in a 46-year-old farmer the development of septicaemic campylobacteriosis with acute gastroenterocolitis was favoured by malnutrition due to chronic alcoholism. after treatment with erythromycin the patient recovered completely. the second patient, a 40-year-old worker with meningitis, recovered after combined streptomycin-erytro-mycin therapy. in both patients antibodies against homologous and reference strain ...1976947847
immunisation against bovine vibriosis due to campylobacter fetus subsp. fetus biotype intermedius.a vaccine prepared from campylobacter fetus subsp. fetus biotype venerealis gave only partial protection to heifers and bulls against genital infection with c. fetus subsp. fetus biotype intermedius. heifers and bulls were fully immunised against c. fetus subsp. venerealis biotype intermedius by administration of a vaccine prepared from homologous organisms.1976985256
nature of antibodies to campylobacter fetus in preputial secretions from a vaccinated bull. 1976990892
a simple technique for mass cultivation of campylobacter fetus.studies using 86 media for maximum growth of campylobacter fetus for antigen production showed that a diphasic medium (solid base with liquid overlay) was most suitable. the solid base was double strength cystine heart agar. the liquid overlay was thioglycollate medium of brewer (135-c) without agar. this medium yielded maximum growth of c. fetus in six days with good motility, less clumping and less filament formation than all other media tried.19761000394
vibrio fetus endocarditis in a patient with systemic lupus erythematosus.vibrio fetus endocarditis occurred in a patient with systemic lupus erythematosus receiving azathoprin and prednisone. blood cultures required 14 days to become positive. the fastidious growth requirement of this organism is reviewed because lack of appreciation of these may result in failure to make the diagnosis. this is the first reported case of vibrio fetus endocarditis occurring in the setting of a connective tissue disorder and immunosuppressive therapy.19761015513
cystine aminopeptidase activity (oxytocinase) in pregnant guinea pigs: normal and infected with campylobacter fetus.the cystine aminopeptidase (cap) activity was determined in plasma from guinea pigs at various stages of gestation and in pregnant guinea pigs infected with campylobacter fetus subspecies intestinalis. the cap activity decreased with length of gestation, which is in contrast to the changes in activity in persons. infected guinea pigs near the time of abortion can be distinguished from normal guinea pigs on the basis of plasma cap activity, if the plasma samples are taken 1 to 2 days before abort ...19761259230
ovine campylobacterosis: preliminary studies of the efficacy of the in vitro serum bactericidal test as an assay for the potency of campylobacter (vibrio) fetus subsp intestinalis in vitro serum bactericidal test was developed to assess the efficacy of campylobacter fetus bacterins. four experimental monovalent bacterins (either serotype c or a-2) and 2 commercial bivalent bacterins (a "suspect" and an "efficacious" bacterin) with aluminum hydroxide adjuvant were administered to sheep and rabbits from which antiserums were then prepared. the different vaccines were evaluated by comparing the in vitro bactericidal activity of the sheep and rabbit antiserums. results of ...19761267237
major outer membrane protein of campylobacter fetus: physical and immunological characterization.the outer membrane proteins of campylobacter fetus have been isolated by extraction of cell envelopes both in triton x-100 and ethylenediaminetetraacetate (edta) and in sodium dodecyl sulfate (sds). each method yielded a major protein component, which migrated identically in sds-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (sds-page) and proved comparable in electrophoretic and molecular weight characteristics to the analagous protein from escherichia coli. in addition, the surface of sds-extracted c. fet ...1976819374
antibody-mediated immobilization of campylobacter fetus: inhibition by a somatic antigen.immobilization tests were conducted on a wild-type strain of campylobacter fetus subsp. intestinalis and on a mutant lacking an antiphagocytic cell surface component. highly effective immobilization of the mutant, both as single cells and clumps of cells, was produced with an antiserum containing antibodies specific for the flagellar hook and filament and for the o antigen. damage to flagellar hooks after reaction with this antiserum was observed only with cells of the mutant. single-cell immob ...1976819375
spontaneous peritonitis of cirrhosis due to campylobacter unusual case of spontaneous peritonitis of cirrhosis associated with campylobacter fetus is reported. this microaerophilic gram-negative bacillus has been increasingly associated with human disease recently, particularly in patients with cirrhosis. the infection is characteristically relapsing in nature and requires protracted antimicrobial therapy.1976780182
[isolation of campylobacter fetus in two herds of sheep in sweden (author's transl)].in two herds of sheep with numerous abortions campylobacter fetus subspecies intestinalis was isolated from fetuses, fetal membranes, and faecal specimens. in herd a, with good hygiene, 12 ewes out of 250 aborted. in herd b, with poor hygiene, 54 out of 171 ewes aborted and 14 of them died; for a further 9 ewes the lambs died postnatally. the clinical course in both herds shows that proper supervision and possibilities of prompt isolation of aborting ewes can substantially reduce the spread of i ...1976790309
campylobacter fetus associated with pulmonary abscess and unusual case of community-acquired necrotizing aspiration pneumonia with pulmonary abscess and empyema associated with campylobacter fetus (formerly vibrio fetus) in mixed culture is reported. this microaerophilic gram-negative curved bacillus has been increasingly associated with human disease. unlike most pathogens associated with community-acquired aspiration pneumonia, this organism is usually resistant to penicillin. infection associated with this organism is characteristically relapsing ...1977830489
nature of campylobacter fetus agglutinins in vaginal mucus from experimentally infected heifers. 1977837209
septicemia due to campylobacter fetus in a newborn infant with gastroenteritis. 1977842576
campylobacter fetus septicemia with concurrent salpingitis.campylobacter fetus was isolated from the blood of a nonpregnant young woman who had a clinical diagnosis of salpingitis. a description of the isolate of c. fetus is given. an increasing awareness of human infections and capability of growing this microaerophilic organism should contribute to our understanding of the incidence and virulence of this bacterium.1977886009
campylobacter fetus septicemia and hepatitis in a child with agammaglobulinemia. 1977894415
an abattoir survey of bull genitalia.this paper describes a survey of 504 bull genitalia collected after slaughter at 3 western australian abattoirs over 18 months. details of the gross pathology, histopathology, and microbiology of the genitalia, and physical dimensions of the testicles are presented. the major breeds represented were hereford (30%), shorthorn (16%), friesian (14.3%), and aberdeen angus (13.9%). the mean age of 263 bulls (52.6%) was 4.4 years. the mean length and breadth of 469 paired testicles was 10.8 cm and 6.9 ...1977901333
the effect of the nitroimidazole drug dimetridazole on microaerophilic campylobacters.dimetridazole, a nitroimidazole drug reported to act only on obligately anaerobic micro-organisms, is widely used for the prevention and treatment of swine dysentery. forty-four strains of the microaerophilic bacterium campylobacter coli isolated from either healthy or diseased pigs, and a strain of campylobacter fetus, were all sensitive to dimetridazole. the sensitivities (minimal inhibitory concentration less than 10 microng per ml) were similar to those of anaerobic bacteria. dimetridazole i ...1977558335
isolation of campylobacter fetus from recent cases of human vibriosis.campylobacter fetus was isolated from five recent cases of human vibriosis, of which two were adults and three were children. one adult presented with pericarditis and the other with recurrent pyrexia. campylobacter fetus subsp. intestinalis which resembled cattle strains serologically, was isolated under co2 or anaerobic conditions from blood cultures of these patients. two of the three children had kwashiorkor and the third was only 8 days old. isolates identified as campylobacter fetus subsp. ...1977270524
blastogenic transformation by lipopolysaccharide of blood leukocytes from immunized but not normal cattle.escherichia coli lipopolysaccharide produced blastogenic transformation in whole-blood leukocytes from heifers that had been infected and immunized with campylobacter fetus, but not in cells from control animals. this suggests that lipopolysaccharide dose not function as a b-cell mitogen in cattle and that its stimulation of cells from immunized animals occurred through another mechanism.1977330414
the isolation and nature of campylobacters (microaerophilic vibrios) from laboratory and wild rodents.faeces voided by eight species of laboratory or feral rodents were cultured for campylobacters by means of selective methods. campylobacters were isolated from bank voles and from rats, but not from rabbits, laboratory mice, hamsters, guinea-pigs, field mice or field voles. in routine biochemical tests isolates from bank voles resembled a type of campylobacter fetus that causes infectious infertility in cattle; isolates from rats resembled campylobacter coli associated with swine dysentery. elec ...1977330861
campylobacter fetus (vibrio fetus) infection in dairy herds in south-west scotland.infertility and abortion caused by campylobacter fetus is described in a series of 12 herds in south west scotland during the period may 1974 to december 1976. herd studies show that 44 bulls were involved and that there were 34 bull and 18 cow movements for breeding purposes. the need to include c fetus infection in the differential diagnosis of herd infertility is emphasised.1977595301
[occurrence and pathogenicity of glycine-positive strains of campylobacter (vibrio) fetus serotype 0 1]. 1977595981
a dual vaccine for the immunisation of cattle against vibriosis.single subcutaneous injections of a mineral oil adjuvant vaccine containing 20 mg dry weight of campylobacter fetus subsp fetus biotype venerealis cells and 20 mg dry weight of c. fetus subsp fetus biotype intermedius cells per 5 mil dose protected 2- and 3-year-old heifers and 3- and 4-year-old cows against genital infection with either organism.1977612316
comparison of three sampling methods for the diagnosis of genital vibriosis in the bull.three different methods of collecting preputial material for bacteriological examination were compared using 3 bulls infected with campylobacter fetus subsp. fetus. the first method utilised a specially designed instrument to scrape the preputial and penile mucosa, int he second method plastic pipettes were used to aspirate material and the third method involved washing the preputial cavity with sterile peptone water. bacteriological examination of the samples showed conclusively that scraping w ...1977612318
pregnant guinea pig model for testing efficacy of campylobacter fetus vaccines. 1978629433
improved media for growth and aerotolerance of campylobacter fetus.the microaerophilic nature of campylobacter fetus has complicated its recovery from human and animal sources. in this study, modifications of brucella agar and broth were tested for enhancement of growth and aerotolerance of 64 strains of c. fetus, representing each subspecies. brucella agar supplemented with 0.025% each feso4 7h2o, sodium metabisulfite, and sodium pyruvate, supported growth of 98, 77, and 63% of the strains at 6% o2, 17% o2, and 21% o2, respectively. unsupplemented brucella aga ...1978670386
the serological response of sheep to a trivalent campylobacter (vibrio) fetus var intestinalis vaccine. 1978676003
isolation of campylobacter fetus from bulls. 1978687292
gram-negative endocarditis caused by campylobacter fetus.campylobacter fetus is a rare cause of endocarditis that is difficult to diagnose because of the fastidiousness of the organism. the source of infection is unknown and it may involve a normal or previously damaged aortic valve. the onset is insidious, and if there is a prior history of recent onset of fever, thrombophlebitis, and diarrhea, infection caused by this organism should be considered. echocardiography may be useful. the organism is sensitive to a variety of antibiotics, including the c ...1978705408
campylobacteriosis in man: pathogenic mechanisms and review of 91 bloodstream infections.five patients with campylobacter fetus(previously called "vibrio fetus") bacteremia are presented with enteric symptoms in four patients, a self-limited course in three, and with possible nosocomial infection in one patient who had disseminated malignancy. the clinical syndromes of 91 bacteremic patients with campylobacteriosis and c. fetus taxonomy and pathogenicity are reviewed. studies of potential pathogenic mechanisms in enteric infections failed to reveal the production of either heat-stab ...1978707518
effect of interval between booster vaccination and time of breeding on protection against campylobacteriosis (vibriosis) in cattle.thirteen heifers (group a) given a booster vaccination with campylobacter fetus 4 1/2 months before breeding to bulls infected with the homologous strain had a pregnancy rate of 54%, compared with a pregnancy rate of 92% for 12 heifers (group b) given a booster vaccination 10 days before the 63-day breeding period began. none of 7 nonvaccinated heifers became pregnant, and all remained infected for at least 136 days. all three groups of heifers were bred by the same infected bulls. nine of the h ...1978711587
evaluation of a transport medium for campylobacter (vibrio) fetus.a quantitative assessment was performed on a serum enrichment medium for campylobacter (vibrio) fetus, to test its effectiveness as a transport medium. abundant yields of c fetus were obtained with an inoculum size of 10(4), even after keeping the medium in air at 22 to 23 c for 4 days prior to incubation at 37 c under microaerophilic conditions. the organism could be isolated from the medium kept in air at 22 to 23 c for at least 2 days, with an inoculum as small as 100 organisms. it was conclu ...1978711588
elimination of genital vibriosis in female cattle by systemic immunization with killed cells or cell-free extracts of campylobacter fetus. 1978712110
susceptibility of campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni to twenty-nine antimicrobial agents.the activity of 29 antimicrobial agents was tested against 95 strains of campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni isolated from human stools. furazolidone and gentamycin were the most active agents. the tetracyclines, erythromycin, and chloramphenicol were very active against most of the strains, but with each antibiotic a few resistant strains were found. the penicillins were relatively inactive, and the cephalosporins tested were only active against occasional strains.1978718153
microcapsule of campylobacter fetus: chemical and physical characterization.the antiphagocytic antigen (antigen [a]) comprising the microcapsule of a strain of campylobacter fetus subsp. intestinalis has been purified from culture supernatants by ammonium sulfate fractionation and free-flow electrophoresis. antigen [a] is a glycoprotein containing about 4% carbohydrate consisting of hexose, pentose, and methylpentose. the composition of the protein was typical of bacterial extramural structural proteins in its low content of basic, aromatic, and sulfur-containing amino ...1978730387
isolation of campylobacter fetus subspecies jejuni. 1978732739
campylobacter infections. first reports from red cross war memorial children's hospital, cape town.we report 10 cases of campylobacter fetus infection, isolated during a 7-month period, which were all sensitive to erythromycin. the aetiology and epidemiology are discussed.1978734547
infection of humans with campylobacter fetus. 1978737615
[campylobacter fetus subspecies jejuni as the causal agent of diarrhea]. 1978347315
infection of humans with campylobacter fetus. 1978348290
susceptibility of the bank vole clethrionomys glariolus to infection with campylobacter fetus. 1978352476
central nervous system infection by vibrio a 50-year-old cook, partial motor seizures and signs of dominant hemisphere dysfunction developed after a brief nonspecific febrile illness. pleocytosis was seen in the cerebrospinal fluid and findings on cerebral angiography and isotope brain scan suggested a subdural collection. surgical exploration showed only thickening and inflammation of the dura. cultures of this tissue and of the patient's blood were positive for vibrio fetus, an organism common in sheep and cattle, but seen rarely in ...1978567769
campylobacter enteritis associated with canine infection.campylobacter fetus ss. jejuni has recently been recognised as a human enteric pathogen. five cases of campylobacter enteritis are described. all five patients had abdominal pain and diarrhoea. two of the five patients had bloody diarrhoea and relapses. all the patients had been in contact with young dogs which had had diarrhoea. campylobacter fetus ss. jejuni was isolated from these dogs or from their litter-mates. canine infection with campylobacter fetus ss. jejuni may be an important source ...197882001
[diagnosis of vibriosis in bulls at breeding stations through lavages of the artificial vagina].the objective of the study was to test the suitability of lavages of artificial vaginas which are used for collecting ejaculate for diagnosing the campylobacter fetus subsp. fetus germs. according to the results of the investigation this method may be considered equal to the method of lavages of the prepuce. however, it is important to point out the advantages: it eliminates the danger of an accident, it enables quality lavage in the laboratory. to caputure the campylobacter fetus the filtration ...197896573
influence of seminal additives and packaging systems on fertility of frozen bovine spermatozoa.the following recommendations and conclusions are based upon results of fertility and laboratory studies, and general trends from field investigations. fertility results due to the addition of enzymes have been variable and contradictory. flushing of ampules with dry, gaseous nitrogen prior to filling has become a routine practice in processing semen to be frozen. for control of vibrio fetus and leptospira pomona, 2,000 micrograms of streptomycin and 1,000 u polymyxin b sulfate should be added p ...1978162535
susceptibility of campylobacter fetus to twenty-two antimicrobial vitro susceptibility of 11 recent clinical isolates of campylobacter fetus to 22 antimicrobial agents was determined by an agar dilution technique. unlike most obligate anaerobic gram-negative bacilli, c. fetus isolates tested were relatively resistant to penicillin and cephalosporins, but exquisitely susceptible to tetracyclines and aminoglycosides. all strains were also inhibited at concentrations achievable in serum by clindamycin, chloramphenicol, metronidazole, carbenicillin, ticarcillin ...1978263884
passive transmission of campylobacter fetus by immunised bulls.two groups of 24 heifers were mated with 3 immunised and 3 susceptible bulls respectively. six heifers in each group were infected artificially with campylobacter fetus sub-sp. fetus biotype venerealis. among susceptible heifers mated with immunised bulls, 13/18 became pregnant and 5/18 yielded evidence of infection with c. fetus. among susceptible heifers mated with susceptible bulls, 7/18 became pregnant and 10/18 yielded evidence of infection. c. fetus was isolated on one occasion from an imm ...1978582385
bovine venereal campylobacteriosis (vibriosis) in north east scotland.since january 1978 four outbreaks of bovine venereal campylobacteriosis, associated with campylobacter fetus subspp fetus, have been investigated. the herds demonstrated a variety of presenting signs, and the outbreaks were confirmed by vaginal mucus agglutination tests and isolation of c fetus subspp fetus. a greater recovery of c fetus was achieved by reducing the oxygen tension in the atmosphere used for incubation to a greater extent than usual. bradford's brucella agar was found to be a sui ...1979583185
studies of the microaerophilic nature of campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni. ii. role of exogenous superoxide anions and hydrogen peroxide.the addition of bovine superoxide dismutase to brucella broth or brucellar agar greatly echanced the oxygen tolerance of campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni strain h840 (atcc 29428). catalase also enhanced oxygen tolerance, but to a lesser extent. these enzymes must act externally to the bacteria. all of the diverse compounds which enhance oxygen tolerance of c. fetus, including nor-epinephrine and a combination of ferrous sulfate, sodium metabisulfite, and sodium pyruvate, share the ability to qu ...1979218715
etiology of infantile enteritis in south africa.infantile enteritis constitutes a major health problem in developing countries. several investigations into the etiology of this condition among various south african populations have been undertaken during the past few years. recent studies of black urban infants have revealed that salmonellae, shigellae, enterotoxigenic enterobacteriaceae, and rotaviruses play a relatively minor role in infantile enteritis. on the other hand, all studies, including a number performed several years ago, have de ...1979221438
campylobacter fetus infection in human subjects: association with raw milk.within a three week period, four cases of campylobacter fetus infection were identified in a hospital in los angeles county. three of the four patients had drunk large quantities of an identical brand of commercially available certified raw milk. campylobacter fetus subspecies jejuni was isolated from the blood of these three patients. the fourth patient, who did not drink raw milk, had campylobacter fetus subspecies intestinalis isolated from his blood. a telephone survey comparing cases and co ...1979571676
campylobacter enteritis associated with unpasteurized milk.campylobacter fetus ss. jejuni has recently been recognized as a human enteric pathogen. laboratory isolation has been hindered by its fastidious nature. methods for recovery of this organism from stool culture and a specific serologic test are described. an outbreak is reported in which three members of the same family became simultaneously ill with fever, severe abdominal cramps and diarrhea. c. fetus ss. jejuni was recovered from stool specimens from all three. a fourfold increase in serum im ...1979573969
genital tropism and coital transmission of campylobacter fetus subspecies intestinalis. 1979581656
campylobacter fetus sepsis with mycotic aortic aneurysm.campylobacter fetus is a fastidious, curved, gram-negative bacillus that has been increasingly associated with human disease. to our knowledge, we are reporting the first documented case of c fetus sepsis associated with an aortic mycotic aneurysm. typical of previously reported cases of infections caused by this organism, this case involved a debilitated patient who was seen initially with a subacute febrile illness associated with bacteremia, but who died suddenly when the unsuspected aneurysm ...1979581840
campylobacter enteritis: clinical and epidemiologic features.campylobacter fetus subspecies (ssp.) jejuni has been recently recognized to cause diarrheal disease in man. to assess its importance as an enteric pathogen, we prospectively studied 514 patients with diarrhea. campylobacter fetus ssp. jejuni was isolated from the feces of 26 patients (5%) and seven of 11 of their symptomatic household contacts. this organism was isolated from the feces of only one of 18 asymptomatic household contacts and not at all from 157 other healthy persons. seventeen of ...1979380433
campylobacter fetus infections in children.there has been a gradual accumulation of reported campylobacter fetus human infections since the first description in 1947. the taxonomy of these fastidious and morphologically confusing organisms has been recently revised and, in the past few years, through the use of selective culture medium for stool isolation c fetus has been implicated as a frequent paghogen in children. there are three relatively distinct patterns of human c fetus infection. the first, most frequent, pattern of disease is ...1979390487
studies of the microaerophilic nature of campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni. i. physiological aspects of enhanced aerotolerance. 1979427650
detection of enteric campylobacteriosis in children.campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni was recovered as the sole bacterial pathogen from 31% of 0- to 8-month-old children with acute gastroenteritis and from 5% of asymptomatic children (p less than 0.05). in children 8 to 24 months old, the respective recovery rates were 38 and 40%. with the exception of one case of simultaneous bacteremia, the clinical course of the symptomatic infection was benign and rarely lasted more than a week. the isolates were sensitive to most commonly used antibiotics. s ...1979429543
the prevalence of campylobacter fetus in the gall bladder of sheep. 1979435214
comparative efficacy of ten commercial campylobacter fetus vaccines in the pregnant guinea pig: challenge with campylobacter fetus serotype a.efficacy of ten commercial campylobacter fetus vaccines was tested in pregnant guinea pigs and compared with that of an experimental vaccine prepared from the challenge-exposure strain. if the first lot of vaccine failed to protect 50% of the guinea pigs, one or two additional lots of that vaccine were purchased and retested. three vaccines for cattle, evaluated, as the most effective of those tested, protected 62%, 72%, and 89% of the guinea pigs from abortion; the experimental vaccine protecte ...1979475102
susceptibility of campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni to twenty antimicrobiol hundred recent clinical isolates of campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni were tested by an agar dilution technique for susceptibility to each of 20 antimicrobial agents. doxycycline and gentamicin were the most active of the drugs examined, inhibiting all strains at concentrations achievable in serum. although the median minimal inhibitory concentration of erythromycin was low, 8% of the isolates were highly resistant. all isolates of campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni were relatively resistant ...1979475372
[bacteria of the campylobacter species as cause of enteritis (author's transl)].in an eight-year-old boy who had acute gastroenteritis, examination of the faeces with specific isolation technique revealed campylobacter fetus subspecies jejuni as the responsible pathogen. this is the first observation in the federal republic of germany of an enteritis caused by campylobacter.1979477569
campylobacter fetus: major enteric pathogen. 1979490866
campylobacter fetus septic arthritis: report of a case. 1979494668
opportunistic infections in chronic lymphocytic leukemia.patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (cll) are susceptible to infection from a variety of opportunistic pathogens. we have described an elderly man with cll who had repeated, severe bacterial and fungal infections including recurrent cryptococcal meningitis, disseminated histoplasmosis, vibrio fetus sepsis, pasturella tularensis sepsis, and aspergillus pneumonia. b cell and possible t cell defectiveness in cll as well as chronic corticosteroid therapy contributed to the weakened host defen ...1979505093
acute colitis and bacteremia due to campylobacter acute febrile illness with dysentery and colitis developed in a 26-year-old man following a wilderness outing. campylobacter fetus ssp. jejuni was subsequently grown on blood cultures drawn during the acute illness and 9 days later when the patient was asymptomatic. proctosigmoidoscopic and histopathologic evidence of acute colitis was present on admission and resolved on follow-up examination. campylobacter fetus spp. jejuni infection should be considered in the etiology of acute infectious ...1979510097
campylobacter fetus gastroenteritis. 1979516695
two cases of campylobacter fetus septicemia. 1979524921
campylobacter fetus infection in children. 1979762641
respiratory systems and cytochromes in campylobacter fetus subsp. intestinalis.cell suspensions of campylobacter fetus subsp. intestinalis grown microaerophilically in complex media consumed oxygen in the presence of formate, succinate, and dl-lactate, and membranes had the corresponding dehydrogenase activities. the cells and membranes also had ascorbate-n,n,n',n'-tetramethyl-p-phenylenediamine oxidase activity which was cyanide sensitive. the fumarate reductase activity in the membranes was inhibited by p-chloromercuriphenylsulfonate, and this enzyme was probably respons ...19806254951
[a case report of septicaemia due to campylobacter fetus variety intestinalis on a cancerous patient (author's transl)].the authors report a case of campylobacter fetus septicaemia from a cancerous patient. the bacterium was isolated from three blood cultures. the infection characteristics are briefly discussed.19806256917
summer diarrhoea in african infants and children.of 70 black south african infants and children with acute summer diarrhoea, 30 (43%) were infected with enteropathogenic serogroups of escherichia coli (epec), 13 (19%) with enterotoxigenic gram-negative bacilli, 12 (17%) with salmonella sp., 6 (9%) with shigella sp., and 3 (4%) with rotaviruses. 13 (19%) patients were infected simultaneously with more than one enteropathogen, and no pathogen was detected in 22 (31%). in addition, 6 (15%) of 41 unselected patients were excreting campylobacter fe ...19806257185
passive hemagglutination technique for serotyping campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni on the basis of soluble heat-stable antigens.antigenic materials were extracted from campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni strains by heating bacterial suspensions in saline at 100 degrees c and by exposure to ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid. the antigens were heat stable at 100 degrees c, capable of sensitizing sheep erythrocytes for agglutination in antisera, and able to elicit production of specific antibody in rabbits; they occurred with different immunological specificities in 23 strains. antisera against the 23 strains could be used for ...19806796598
survival of campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni in biological provide new information on the epidemiology and pathophysiology of human infection with campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni, we studied its survival in several milieus. standard inocula of organisms were placed in hydrochloric acid, human bile and urine, bovine milk, or stream water and kept at 4, 25, or 37 degrees c; viable organisms were then counted. stools from humans infected with campylobacter were similarly tested. survival in acid was ph and time dependent, with 7-log kill within 5 min ...19806892819
[cases of gastroenteritis caused by campylobacter fetus jejuni in vienna].campylobacter fetus jejuni is a gram-negative spiral or comma-shaped rod, belonging to the family of spirillaceae. it is now recognised as a cause of human gastroenteritis with fever. recently, many reports have been published about sporadic cases as well as epidemic outbreaks. a symptomless carrier-state is also known. the mode of transmission is not yet fully understood. direct, faecal-oral and indirect transmission especially via food contaminated with faeces are suspected. recently, we isola ...19806765653
campylobacter fetus subspecies jejuni: the need for surveillance. 19806768813
[diarrheal disease associated with campylobacter fetus subspecies jejuni (author's transl)]. 19806768818
plasma progesterone concentration in the bovine before abortion or parturition in pregnant animals exposed to sarcocystis cruzi, campylobacter fetus, or aspergillus fumigatus.pregnant cows in the 4th and 5th month of the gestation were exposed to sarcocystis cruzi, campylobacter fetus, or aspergillus fumigatus. plasma progesterone concentrations were determined at intervals from before the cows were exposed until they had aborted or calved. the plasma progesterone concentration of the exposed pregnant cattle remained at 3.95 +/- 2.0 ng/ml until 24 to 48 hours before abortion or parturition, when it decreased to below 1.00 ng/ml. this pattern was similar for cattle ex ...19806782916
incidence of campylobacter enteritis in the midwestern united states.the incidence of campylobacter enteritis was assessed in an 800-bed medical center in the midwestern united states. stool specimens from 203 patients were cultured on a modified skirrow's selective media and incubated for 48 hours at 42 c in a microaerophilic atmosphere. campylobacter fetus ssp. jejuni was isolated from 10 patients for an incidence rate of 4.9 percent. all patients were symptomatic. the results suggest that clinical laboratories must establish methods to culture and identify thi ...19806986769
[infection with campylobacter fetus subspecies jejuni; review of the literature and discussion of the epidemilogic aspects]. 19806997763
campylobacter fetus ss. jejuni: a cause of massive lower gastrointestinal hemorrhage.a patient is described with campylobacter enteritis complicated by massive lower gastrointestinal bleeding from multiple mucosal ulcers in the terminal ileum and at the ileocecal valve. repeated stool cultures and antibiotic therapy may be indicated in certain patients to diminish the morbidity arising from what may seem to be mild disease. in patients who suffer bleeding complications, arteriography before surgery is necessary to demonstrate an otherwise grossly indefinable source of bleeding.19806967840
campylobacter fetus subspecies jejuni in georgia. 19807205078
antimicrobial susceptibility of campylobacter jejuni and campylobacter fetus subsp. fetus to eight cephalosporins with special reference to species differentiation.agar dilution antimicrobial susceptibility testing showed that campylobacter jejuni was significantly more resistant than campylobacter fetus subsp. fetus (intestinalis) to cephalosporin c, cephaloridine, cephalothin, cefazolin, and cefamandole. no species differences in susceptibility were noted with cephalexin, cefotaxime, and cefoxitin. rapid species differentiation on the basis of an antibiogram could be achieved with the disk diffusion method. c jejuni failed to produce a zone of inhibition ...19807235681
the clinical spectrum of campylobacter fetus infections: report of five cases and review of the literature.five cases of extra-intestinal campylobacter fetus infections are described and an additional 242 cases are reviewed from the literature. a variety of clinical syndromes are encountered including endocarditis; thrombophlebitis; meningitis; pneumonia and pleuritis; and infectious arthritis. thirty-eight per cent of patients presented with bacteremia enteritis. campylobacter fetus demonstrates a preference for endovascular surfaces. the majority of patients are male and have an underlying illness. ...19807267960
isolation of campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni from bangladeshi determine the prevalence of infection with campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni in bangladesh, culture surveys were conducted among three populations. in dacca, campylobacter was isolated from 5.2% of 97 individuals with clinical dysentery and from 12.3% of 204 patients with only diarrhea. this difference may have resulted from a greater representation of young children in the second group. campylobacter was isolated from 17.7% of the 141 healthy village children aged 1 to 5.5 years and from 38. ...19807309841
[campylobacter fetus jejuni: incidence in diarrhea and antimicrobial sensitivity]. 19807348345
acute colitis caused by campylobacter fetus ss. jejuni.campylobacter fetus ss. jejuni has been recently recognized as a common human enteric pathogen; however, the pathology and pathophysiology of the enteritis caused by this agent are still largely obscure. we report 4 patients who presented with acute abdominal pain and bloody diarrhea and who had c. fetus ss. jejuni isolated from fecal cultures. each patient showed a fourfold rise in serum igg titer to the organism isolated. in all 4 patients colonic involvement was noted on sigmoidoscopic examin ...19807351284
[the presence of campylobacter fetus subspecies jejuni in normal slaughtered pigs (author's transl)].as part of epidemiological studies the intestinal contents of 300 normal slaughtered pigs were examined for the presence of c. fetus jejuni. samples were collected from six different slaughter houses. from 182 of these samples (60.7 per cent) c. fetus spp. jejuni was isolated using the method as described by lauwers (8). isolates were confirmed by the results of the following tests: oxidase, catalase, motility, growth at 25 degrees c, production of h2s, reduction of nitrate, growth in 3.5 per ce ...19807352330
hippurate hydrolysis by campylobacter additional method for differentiating between campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni and c. fetus subsp. intestinalis is reported. strains of c. fetus subsp. jejuni (18/20) were shown to hydrolyze hippurate in the 2-h rapid test, whereas strains of c. fetus subsp. intestinalis did not.19807372805
reservoirs for human campylobacteriosis.the epidemiology of human enteric infection due to campylobacter fetus subspecies jejuni is not well understood. to determine whether an endogenous human reservoir is present, the rate of isolation of c. fetus subspecies jejuni from several populations of diarrheal and asymptomatic adults and children were compared. c. fetus subspecies jejuni was recovered from 4.1% of patients with diarrhea and 66.7% of household contacts of the index patients who themselves had diarrhea. carriage of organisms ...19807373089
mucosal invasion in campylobacter enteritis.campylobacter fetus subspecies jejuni has recently been recognized as a significant cause of enteritis in humans. the organism has been previously postulated to cause illness by direct invasion of the mucosa of the gastrointestinal tract, but this has not been documented. reported is a case of campylobacter enteritis in which mucosal ulceration and crypt sbscesses were seen on rectal biopsy, suggesting that the pathogenesis of campylobacter fetus enteritis involves direct mucosal invasion.19807377140
campylobacter colitis presentin as inflammatory bowel disease with segmental colonic ulcerations.campylobacter fetus subspecies have recently been recognized as an important cause of diarrheal illness in humans. we report a case of culture positive c. fetus colitis with colonoscopic findings of segmental mucosal edema, loss of normal vascular pattern with ulceration, and patchy involvement of mucosa. these colonoscopic findings were similar to those seen in granulomatous colitis. however, these findings may be difficult to distinguish from a number of other colonic mucosal diseases such as ...19807380209
cellular fatty acid composition of campylobacter fetus.the cellular fatty acid composition of 29 human and animal isolates of campylobacter fetus was determined with gas-liquid chromatography. all strains contained small amounts of 3-hydroxytetradecanoic acid, suggesting the presence of lipid a. each of 13 different blood or stool isolates of c. fetus subsp. jejuni obtained from humans or fowl contained a 19-carbon cyclopropane acid which was not present in c. fetus subsp. fetus (6 strains from cattle) or c. fetus subsp. intestinalis (10 strains fro ...19807381008
broiler chickens as potential source of campylobacter infections in humans.of 46 broiler chickens from a live poultry market in new york city, 38 (83%) harbored campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni in their rectal flora. the observed mean number of c. fetus per g of feces was 4.4 x 10(6). the organisms survived in the feces for at least 96 h at 4 degrees c whether stored in the gut or transferred to a vial. the best survival medium for pure cultures of c. fetus subsp.jejuni was heart infusion broth supplemented with sterile blood and kept in a microaerophilic atmosphere.19807381018
meningitis caused by campylobacter fetus ssp jejuni. 19807388445
pathogenicity of campylobacter fetus subsp. venerealis in causing infertility in cattle. 19807388595
a case of campylobacter fetus septicemia in maine. 19807391695
campylobacteriosis in jamaican cattle.infertility is a widespread problem among cattle herds in jamaica and an intergovernmental project was initiated to investigate the problem. one aspect of the project included diagnosis of campylobacteriosis (vibriosis), which was suspected in some herds but had not been confirmed in the laboratory. tests were undertaken in late 1978 using improved techniques for handling and transporting specimens to the laboratory. campylobacter fetus subspecies fetus was isolated from five of six herds tested ...19807395025
a human strain of campylobacter fetus subsp. intestinalis grown at 42 degrees c. 19807400351
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