Publications

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[one case of vibrio fetus in rattus norvegicus]. 19695817691
septic arthritis due to vibrio fetus. report of a case. 19705411765
vaccination of heifers with vibrio fetus (intestinal type) against infection with vibrio fetus (genital type). 19705417932
biochemical and serologic relationships of isolants of vibrio fetus from man. 19705420316
vibrio fetus infection in man. i. ten new cases and some epidemiologic observations. 19705421893
transduction in vibrio fetus. 19705442454
septicemia caused by vibrio fetus. 19705464716
the placental localisation of vibrio fetus. 19705505019
[vibrio fetus sepsis in thrombophlebitis]. 19705506884
vibrio fetus human infection--isolation from a subacute bacterial endocarditis case. 19705526468
simplified technique for collection of preputial samples from bulls for isolation of vibrio fetus. 19704918946
experimentally induced vibrio fetus var. intestinalis infection in pregnant cows. 19704097065
isolation and characterization of a bacteriophage for vibrio fetus.bacteriophages were isolated from 22 of 38 strains of vibrio fetus by an enrichment process, utilizing the donor and host strains growing together in fluid thioglycollate medium. one phage, v-45, isolated by the conventional lawn-spot method, was characterized by stability in broth, growth kinetics, and morphology. it was sensitive to rapid thermal inactivation, chloroform, and ph values above 6.5. calcium was required for phage replication and stability in broth. magnesium provided the best pro ...19704097234
[immunofluorescent and agglutination reaction of vibrio fetus]. 19704923789
immunoserologic properties of antigens from vibrio fetus of ovine origin. 19704990323
fatal vibrio fetus endocarditis: report of one case and review of the literature. 19705310627
neurology of vibrio fetus infection. 19714934769
immunofluorescent immunoglobulin differentiation of vibrio fetus antibodies from bovine cervico-vaginal secretions. 19714938092
transduction and mutation to glycine tolerance in vibrio fetus. 19714938782
vibrio fetus septicaemia: case report. 19715289756
a revised classification of vibrio fetus. 19715099953
infection with vibrio fetus in the immunologically immature fetal calf. 19715100977
raw liver as a possible source of vibrio fetus septicemia in man. 19715104711
[vibrio fetus infection in an insemination station]. 19715111066
septicemia caused by vibrio fetus intestinalis. 19715142047
vibrio fetus septicemia. a case report. 19715143184
typification of vibrio fetus isolated from bovine in the state of são paulo. 19715156291
a study of complement-fixation and serum agglutination tests on vibrio fetus infected and immunized cattle.complement-fixation (cf) and tube agglutination (ta) tests for demonstration of vibrio fetus antibodies were conducted on the sera of three groups of ten heifers. one group was vaccinated subcutaneously with a commercial v. fetus var venerealis bacterin and challenged intra-utero, at the external os cervicus one month later; the second was infected only and the third vaccinated only. the vaccinated cattle developed high cf serum titers, but no such increase was observed in animals infected only. ...19714254893
murein (peptidoglycan) structure of vibrio fetus. comparison of a venereal and an intestinal strain. 19714256272
bovine vibriosis: the distribution and specificity of antibodies induced by vaccination and infection and the immunofluorescent localization of the organism in infected heifers.two groups of three holstein heifers were immunized respectively with vibrio fetus venerealis and vibrio fetus intestinalis incorporated in freund's complete adjuvant. both serum and vaginal mucus agglutination titers increased following immunization. vaginal mucus samples were more frequently positive when the homologous cells were used as antigen in the agglutination test. ten non-immunized heifers were inoculated with another strain of v. fetus venerealis and slaughtered at periods of 30 to 4 ...19714260944
a comparative study of the heat-stable, water-soluble fraction and the acid-precipitable material of vibrio fetus cultures. 19715540976
infectivity of three vibrio fetus biotypes for gallbladder and intestines of cattle, sheep, rabbits, guinea pigs, and mice. 19715547014
[meningitis and diarrhea caused by vibrio fetus. apropos of a case in an infant]. 19715555634
fertility and immune reaction of heifers vaccinated with an adjuvanted vibrio fetus vaccine. 19715557245
human infection by vibrio fetus. 19715565142
lung abscess secondary to vibrio fetus, malabsorption syndrome and acquired agammaglobulinemia. 19715571479
chromatographic studies of the lipid components of vibrio fetus. 19714330330
bactericidal effect and serological response of blood and secretions in bovine vibriosis.udder infection of vaccinated heifers with vibrio fetus var. venerealis led to an early and severe reaction consisting of local swelling, hyperthermia, and increased blood leukocyte counts. this reaction was absent or less pronounced in heifers not previously vaccinated. this was interpreted as an immediate hypersensitivity reaction elicited in the vaccinated heifers. specific antibodies were found in udder exudate from vaccinated heifers. immune serum and udder exudate were moderately bacterici ...197116557987
purification and partial characterization of a vibrio fetus immunogen.an antigen released into broth culture medium (2 mg/100 ml of culture medium) during 20-hr growth of vibrio fetus was removed from the growth medium by salt precipitation [50 g of (nh(4))(2)so(4)/100 ml of broth] and centrifugation. about 30 mg of the postgrowth broth (pgb) antigen protein was removed from other salt precipitable material during one polyacrylamide gel electrophoretic run. the pgb antigen was further purified by using gel filtration on sephadex g-200, and a molecular weight of 13 ...197116558018
location of vibrio fetus var. venerealis within the endometrium of the cow.vibrio fetus was located by immunofluorescence within the endometrial epithelium of experimentally infected heifers. bacterium-like structures were also located by electron microscopy within endometrial epithelial cells.197116558068
rate of clearance of vibrio fetus var. venerealis in the rabbit.the rate of clearance of vibrio fetus var. venerealis was measured by using in vivo and in vitro methods. the rate of clearance from the circulating blood increased in immune rabbits and reached a plateau 4 days after immunization. thereafter in vivo clearance did not increase further despite rising agglutinin titers. vibriocidal activity of freshly drawn blood paralleled the rate of in vivo clearance although it was less effective at 4 days. vibriocidal activity of immune serum was not demonstr ...197116558060
hemorrhagic-necrotic enteritis in a baboon (papio cynocephalus) due to vibrio fetus. 19724343333
natural and immune antibodies for vibrio fetus in serum and secretions of cattle.naturally occurring antibodies for vibrio fetus with whole-cell and o antigen specificities were detected in sera of mature cattle by means of the agglutination and indirect immunofluorescence reactions. o antibodies occurred in each of 21 sera examined, and whole-cell antibodies, in lower concentrations, occurred in 15 of the 21 sera. natural antibodies were detected in the immunoglobulin g, m, and a (igg, igm, iga) classes. parenteral immunization with whole cells in freund's complete adjuvant ...19724564880
a method for maintaining the viability of vibrio fetus var. venerealis in samples of preputial secretions collected from carrier bulls. 19724565641
long term storage of vibrio fetus cultures by means of freeze-drying. 19724570341
the origin, class and specificity of immunoglobulins in bovine cervico-vaginal mucus: variation with parenteral immunization and local infection with vibrio fetus. 19724648121
vibrio fetus infection in man: a serological test.antigen preparations derived from a typical human strain of vibrio fetus were employed in four tests. of these, the indirect bacterial hemagglutination test proved most sensitive. by this test, antibodies titering 320 to 3,200 were found in five of eight patients with confirmed infections. two patients without antibodies were on antimetabolites. antigenic relationship with other compounds, and in particular with brucella organisms, was not observed. no sero-reactors were found among 184 apparent ...19724673792
phage conversion of serotypes in vibrio fetus. 19725023039
hypothermia in mice due to vibrio fetus endotoxin. 19725023997
[serological studies on vibrio fetus strains isolated in bulgaria and tests on excretion of a new antigen for muco and serum agglutination in cattle vibriosis]. 19725068787
the effects of erythritol, fsh and female gonadal hormones on the growth in vitro of vibrio fetus var. venerealis. 19734692342
septicemia and gastroenteritis due to vibrio fetus. 19734698759
vibrio fetus infection in bulls: curative and preventive vaccination. 19734727795
[infection caused by vibrio fetus]. 19734739310
persistent genital tract infection with vibrio fetus intestinalis associated with serotypic alteration of the infecting strain. 19734748723
[campylobacter fetus and infectious arthritis]. 19734767883
[2 new cases of septicemia due to campylobacter fetus]. 19734353109
lytic activity of vibrio phages on strains of vibrio fetus isolated from man and animals.five phages isolated from lysogenic strains of vibrio fetus var. venerealis and two from v. fetus var. intestinalis were tested for lytic activity on 95 v. fetus strains from various animal and human hosts. in addition, virion and plaque morphology of the seven phages were compared. electron micrographs showed that all were the kite-tailed variety with minor variations in head and tail dimensions. plaques of v45 and v2 were small, clear and irregular; those of v3, v8, and v19 were large, clear a ...19734201644
detection of antibodies to campylobacter fetus (vibrio fetus) in the preputial secretions of bulls with vibriosis. 19744211911
[bacteriological diagnosis of the vibrio fetus infection in bulls]. 19744408642
letter: isolation of campylobacter fetus subsp. venerealis and campylobacter fetus subsp. intermedius from the preputial secretions of bulls. 19744414274
the pathogenicity of bovine faecal isolates of vibrio fetus var intestinalis serotype v in pregnant ewes. 19744416400
immunisation against bovine vibriosis. vaccination of bulls against infection with campylobacter fetus subsp. venerealis. 19744441328
infection patterns in heifers following cervicovaginal or intrauterine instillation of campylobacter (vibrio) fetus venerealis. 19744473318
the effect of osmotic variation upon the growth of vibrio fetus. 19744596990
campylobacter fetus subspecies jejuni (vibrio fetus) from commercially processed poultry.three isolates of the human and animal pathogen campylobacter fetus ss. jejuni (vibrio fetus) were obtained from 165 poultry meat samples purchased from local retail stores.19744598233
studies on the growth conditions of campylobacter fetus. 19744605171
studies on the growth conditions of campylobacter fetus. ii. the manifestation of nutritional requirements by conditional static cultivation. 19744605172
studies on the growth conditions of campylobacter fetus. 3. collaborative function of some surfactants in a yeast extract medium for selective cultivation. 19744605173
tube culture method for viable counts of campylobacter fetus (vibrio fetus).a method was developed for making viable counts of campylobacter fetus (vibrio fetus) in tube cultures using a medium containing alkaline hematin and incubation in a carbon dioxide incubator.19744607386
bactericidal activity of blood of rabbits vaccinated with homologous antigens of campylobacter fetus (vibrio fetus).rabbits were vaccinated with the following campylobacter fetus var. venerealis (vibrio fetus) antigens: whole-cell (wc), autoclaved (a), boiled (b), and purified postgrowth broth (pgb). bactericidal activity of freshly drawn heparinized blood against the organism was determined after each vaccination. in all cases bactericidal activity of the blood of vaccinated rabbits was higher than for nonvaccinated rabbits. the in vitro bactericidal activity of the blood was determined in two separate exper ...19744609901
immunoglobulin classes and biological functions of campylobacter (vibrio) fetus antibodies in serum and cervicovaginal mucus.serum and cervicovaginal mucus (cvm) antibodies from heifers after genital infection or systemic immunization with campylobacter (vibrio) fetus were classified according to their immunoglobulin class, antigenic specificities, and biological functions. only immunoglobulin (ig) a antibodies, specific both for o and superficial, heat-labile, whole-cell (w) antigens, were detected in cvm of convalescent animals. after systemic immunization, antibodies in serum were directed principally to w antigens ...19744609902
human infection with vibrio fetus.vibrio fetus, a slowly growing, microaerophilic, gram-negative rod which causes infectious abortion in cattle, occasionally induces disease in man. since persons receiving immunosuppressive agents are among those most susceptible to this infection, recognition of the disease may become increasingly important as transplantation operations increase. vibrio infections may produce a spectrum of acute and chronic illnesses or may be asymptomatic. vibriosis may develop at any age but it seems most dev ...19744816399
serological types of vibrio fetus var. intestinalis causing ovine vibriosis in southern australia. 19744819466
susceptibility of related vibrios and vibrio fetus to twelve antibiotics.one hundred fourteen strains of related vibrio and seven strains of vibrio fetus, all isolated from humans, were tested for susceptibility in vitro to 12 antibiotics. mueller-hinton agar containing 14 dilutions of the antibiotics was inoculated with undiluted overnight cultures. gentamicin and erythromycin were the most active drugs against related vibrios and vibrio fetus; lower activity was noted with chloramphenicol, streptomycin, and tetracycline; neomycin and kanamycin were even less active ...19744840451
intravaginal inoculation of the guinea-pig with vibrio fetus var. venerealis during natural and induced reproductive cycle phases. 19744858273
vibriosis: demonstration of vibrio fetus and vibrio bubulus organisms in preputial fluid by immunofluorescence and cultural techniques.fluorescent conjugates were prepared from the sera of calves immunized with four vibrio fetus strains and one vibrio bubulus strain. the fluorescent antibody technique (fat) was then used to detect vibrio organisms in preputial fluid collected from 67 bulls belonging to a canadian artificial insemination (ai) unit. the v. fetus conjugates reacted with both v. fetus var venerealis and v. fetus var intestinalis. v. fetus was found in 20 animals (29.9%), 13 of which also harboured v. bubulus. in tw ...19744277756
bovine venereal vibriosis: variations in immunoglobulin class of antibodies in genital secretions and serum.the immunoglobulin classes of antibodies to campylobacter (vibrio) fetus in cervicovaginal mucus (cvm) were determined by the indirect fluorescent antibody test at sequential periods, since the order of class appearance has not been established for specific secretory immune responses. in the local immune response to c. fetus immunoglobulin m (igm) antibodies appeared first, immunoglobulin a (iga) antibodies next, and immunoglobulin g (igg) last. igm antibodies were quite transient, but igg antib ...197416558094
[type differentiation of v. fetus and v. bubulus by using fluorescent antisera].obtained were type-specific fluorescent vibrionic antisera for the laboratory identification of vibrio fetus strains. they produced positive fluorescence only with the homologous strains, and did not react with the heterologous strains. this showed that the sera were strongly specific. their use is suggested for the differentiation typing of the vibrio strains.1975766378
superficial antigens of campylobacter (vibrio) fetus: characterization of antiphagocytic component.a glycoprotein responsible for the antiphagocytic properties of campylobacter fetus has been identified by comparing cells of a wild-type strain with those of a mutant lacking this substance. the antiphagocytic component is demonstrable through electron microscopy as a discrete, negatively charged structure on the periphery of the cell. clt is readily removed from the cell by mild extraction procedures and contributes to the inagglutinability in o antiserum normally displayed by c. fetus. cells ...197546843
flagellar ultrastructure and flagella-associated antigens of campylobacter fetus.ultrastructural examinations of the flagellum of compylobacter (vibrio) fetus were performed throughout the growth cycle. filament diameters, exceeding 17.6 nm during the exponential phase, were substantially greater than those reported for unsheathed flagella of other genera with the exception of pseudomonas fluorescens. filament diameters increased during growth, reaching a mean width of 21.2 nm in middle to late stationary phase. internal flagellar structure, principally of the parallel lined ...1975804471
in-vitro effect of edta-tris-lysozyme solutions on selected pathogenic bacteria.the in-vitro effect of edta-tris-lysozyme solution on 16 pathogenic bacteria of medical or veterinary importance was determined. marked decreases in bacterial count occurred with pseudomonas aeruginosa, escherichia coli, moraxella osloensis and campylobacter fetus, and smaller decreses with salmonella typhimurium, shigella boydii, aeromonas hydrophila, proteus mirabilis, listeria monocytogenes and erysipelothrix insidiosa. the test solution had no effect on klebsiella ozaenae, brucella canis, co ...1975805241
infections associated with ovine perinatal mortality in victoria.the occurrence of infections associated with perinatal mortality was investigated. in 1970, carcasses from 94 flocks distributed throughout victoria were examined by microbiological and histopathological techniques. carcasses from 4 of the same flocks were similarly examined in 1971. widespread occurrence of listeria monocytogenes and campylobacter fetus was demonstrated with l. monocytogenes being recognised in 25% of the flocks examined. no other bacterial pathogens commonly associated with ov ...1975809028
[the bacteriological diagnosis of vibrio fetus infection in man (author's transl)].a synopsis of the present classification of vibrio fetus is given (tab. 1, 2). besides the presentation of the importance of these bacteria in veterinary medicine, 97 human infections have been published up to now. the geographic, age and sex distribution of these cases and the material out of which the pathogens were isolated is presented (tab. 3, 4). the clinical picture is summarized. for the culture of vibrio fetus liver broth as described by tarozzi incubated for at least 3-4 days was suita ...19751041142
bilateral deep brachial vein thrombophlebitis due to vibrio fetus.a patient had bilateral deep brachial vein thrombophlebitis in which vibrio fetus was recovered from six blood cultures of the six drawn. fever and phlebitis continued with treatment with intravenous doses of heparin and oxacillin but rapidly improved with treatment change of oxacillin to clindamycin. in vitro antibiotic disk susceptibility testing confirmed resistance to oxacillin and susceptibility to clindamycin. vibrio fetus infection is associated with the vascular endothelium in this and p ...19751041482
bovine veneral vibriosis: cure of genital infection in females by systemic immunization.cure of female cattle with venereal vibriosis by systemic immunization with killed campylobacter fetus cells in incomplete freund adjuvant was investigated. heifers infected in the cervicovaginal area with a cloned population of c. fetus venerealis were vaccinated subcutaneously 14 and 24 days thereafter with the infecting strain in incomplete freund adjuvant. six of eight vaccinated heifers were free of infection 25 to 48 days postinfection. one of the cured animals had an intercurrent infectio ...19751112614
vaccination against vibrio (campylobacter) fetus infection in sheep in late pregnancy.a single injection of vaccine containing disrupted formol-killed vibrio (campylobacter) fetus var intestinalis serotype v was shown to give good protection against abortion from an oral challenge of the same serotype administered simultaneously. protection was also afforded by vaccination at the time of the first abortion in sheep infected orally one month previously. these results suggest that vaccination subsequent to an abortion might be of value in preventing a proportion of further abortion ...19751119063
campylobacter fetus infection in humans. analysis of three cases. 19751133862
vibrio fetus septicemia in colorado. 19751145030
effects of mycoplasma spp, trichomonas fetus, and campylobacter fetus on ciliary activity of bovine uterine tube organ cultures.microscopic observations were made of sections of normal bovine uterine tube (oviduct) and fimbriae maintained in vitro and exposed to agents known to localize in the bovine genital tract, i.e., mycoplasma, trichomonas fetus, and campylobacter fetus (vibrio fetus). only c fetus stopped ciliary activity. scanning electron microscopy (sem) revealed loss of most cilia. sterile filtrate of c fetus culture had no effect.19751155827
perinatal lamb mortality in western australia: 5. vibrionic infection.vibrionic abortion was diagnosed in sheep on 48 occasions between 1963-65 and 3 of these were associated with other major abortion pathogens. the outbreaks were scattered throughout the agricultural area of western australia. time-of-death of 91 infected lambs was: ante-parturient death 50.5%, parturient death 13.2% and post-parturient death 36.3% (deaths occurring immediately after death 28.6%, deaths delayed after death 2.2%, and late post-parturient death 5.5%). the majority of lambs had gros ...19751164266
the influence of age on the susceptibility of bulls to campylobacter fetus subsp venerealis.observations were carried out on 22 hereford bulls to determine the age at which they bacame carriers of c. fetus. during preliminary investigations, 5 bulbs were repeatedly exposed to the organism by artificial or natural means from the age of 18 months. all animals became longterm carriers on reaching an age of between 40 and 70 months. prior to this, a temporary carrier state lasting from 4 to 29 days was produced in 4 bulls. in a subsequent experiment, 17 bulls of 3 different age groups were ...19751167135
bovine venereal vibriosis: activity of inflammatory cells in protective immunity.the capability of bovine polymorphonuclear (pmn) and mononuclear phagocytes to kill campylobacter (vibrio) fetus venerealis was tested under various conditions in order to judge their roles in protective immunity. bovine pmn killed c fetus in the presence of immunoglobulin g (igg) but not immunoglobulin a (iga) antibodies. some phagocytosis occurred in the absence of antibody in glass-adherent cultures, but not in suspension cultures--indicating that surface phagocytosis by the neutrophils norma ...19751173209
immunisation of cattle against vibriosis with vaccines prepared from campylobacter fetus subsp fetus.subcutaneous administration of vaccines prepared from cells of campylobacter fetus subsp fetus strain a28 to heifers gave substantial protection against infertility due to c. fetus subsp venerealis strain b6. strains a28 and b6 had different heat-stable antigens and conformed respectively to serotype b and serotype a of berg et al (1971). the results suggested that the protective antigens were heat-labile antigens common to both strains. although vaccines prepared from serotype b strains of c. f ...19751180771
vibrio fetus infection. 19751235756
studies on veneral transmission of campylobacter fetus by immunised bulls.temporary contamination of the penis and prepuce with campylobacter fetus subsp. venerealis and campylobacter fetus subsp. venerealis biotype intermedius may occur when immunised bulls mate with infected heifers. however, 2 experiments showed that this contamination was not a significant cause of genital infection in susceptible heifers that subsequently mated with bulls.19751243730
gram-negative bacillary endocarditis. interpretation of the serum bactericial test.although the serum bactericidal test is commonly used in the management of infective endocarditis, little has been written about its validity or limitations. we report three cases of gram-negative bacillary endocarditis (pseudomonas aeruginosa, vibrio fetus and serratia marcescens) encountered in 1 year at a veterans administration hospital. serum bactericidal titers were considered necessary to identify inadequate antibiotic regimens or to avoid unnecessary drug toxicity. the limitations of the ...1975234679
[biochemical and serological investigations of flagellae of campylobacter fetus (author's transl)].flagellae of campylobacter fetus group o, types 1, 2 and 7 were prepared. first they were separated from cell bodies using an ultramix. the suspension was then centrifuged for 20 mins. at 10000 rpm and the supernatant frozen at -40 degrees c. this is a simple method for the enrichment of preparations of flagellae, as they become tangled up and accumulate in the inferior third part of the frozen liquid. the physicochemical basis of this phenomenon was discussed. after thawing and spinning for 20 ...1976936824
[epidemiologic studies on the vibrio fetus infection of cattle]. 1976938446
stimulatory effect of dihydroxyphenyl compounds on the aerotolerance of spirillum volutans and campylobacter fetus subspecies jejuni.the aerotolerance of the microaerophilic bacterium spirillum volutans was greatly stimulated in a defined medium by the presence of dihydroxyphenyl ferric iron-binding compounds such as nor-epinephrine at 10(-5) to 10(-6) m. dihydroxyphenyl compounds at 2 x 10(-4) m, or iron salts (ferrous or ferric) at high concentration, greatly increased the aerotolerance of a strain of campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni when grown on streak plates of brucella agar. the results suggest that the microaerophilis ...1976942201
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