PMID(sorted descending)
campylobacter fetus ss. jejuni, a newly recognized enteric pathogen: morphology and intestinal colonization.campylobacter fetus ss. jejuni has recently been recognized as a frequent enteric pathogen of man. although long known as a significant pathogen of domestic animals, little is known regarding mechanisms of colonization and pathogenesis. in an effort to study the colonization and morphology of this organism, we used scanning electron microscopy to examine ilea and colons from mice in which a human isolate of c. fetus ss. jejuni had been inoculated. when inoculated into the ileum of the mice, a tr ...19817347416
campylobacter enteritis mimicking acute abdominal emergency.among 81 hospitalized patients with enteritis due to campylobacter fetus ssp. jejuni, abdominal pain was found to be an outstanding symptom, being observed in half the patients on admission. in 16 patients pain was the main reason for admission and in 5 prompted laparotomy. in 4 cases appendicitis was suspected, but in only 2 was slight inflammation seen; in 1 of these, however, the inflammation could not be verified by microscopic examination. one patient was operated on because of intestinal o ...19817344386
tritrichomonas foetus agglutination tests upon samples collected from cattle: cross-reactions associated with vaccination against campylobacter fetus subsp venerealis. 19817340796
campylobacter fetus subspecies intestinalis in syria. 19817340087
a re-examination of the role of campylobacter fetus subspecies coli in enteric disease of the pig.campylobacter fetus subspecies coli was isolated from the small intestines of 17 piglets less than six weeks of age submitted for diagnosis. sixteen of these animals had enteritis and in five of them no other probable bacterial cause of the enteric lesions was identified. changes including congestion of the small intestinal mucosa, reduction in the height of the villi, thickening of the terminal ileum and histological evidence for inflammatory change in the small intestine were seen at post mort ...19817336550
[the occurrence of campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni and salmonella bacteria in some wild birds (author's transl)].an investigation was carried out into the occurrence of campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni and salmonella species in some wild birds. a total of 129 birds was examined, consisting of 71 pigeons, 54 seagulls, three crows and one raven. campylobacter bacteria were isolated from 32 birds (24.8%), of which three were pigeons, 27 seagulls and two were crows. of the 27 campylobacter strains isolated from seagulls, four had the biochemical characteristics of the nartc biotype described by skirrow and be ...19817335487
[campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni as a surface contaminant of fresh and chilled pig carcasses (author's transl)].an investigation was carried out into the occurrence of campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni on the surfaces of fresh and chilled pig carcasses. swabs were taken of the water in the scald-tank, from cut surfaces, and from cut surfaces of carcasses that had been stored at 5 degrees c for 4 days. a total of 310 swabs was investigated, of which 10 were from the scald-tank, 100 from livers, 100 from cut surfaces, and 100 from cut surfaces of carcasses stored at refrigeration temperature. a specific enr ...19817335483
[campylobacter-enteritis in children (author's transl)].during 1980 out of 3,680 stool specimens of children aged up to 6 years with diarrhea routinely screened for enteropathogenic bacteria, 72 cases of campylobacter fetus ssp. jejuni infection were found. they were more common during the summer months, in children aged less than 4 years, and in boys rather than in girls (2, 9:1). the most common symptoms were watery, mucus, and haemorrhagic diarrhea, fever, vomiting and abdominal pain. all strains exhibited nearly identical sensitivity patterns for ...19817335094
clinical and serological studies in patients with campylobacter fetus ssp. jejuni infection: ii. serological findings.the serological responses of 53 patients with campylobacter fetus ssp. jejuni enteritis were determined with formalinized, boiled and autoclaved antigen suspensions of four reference strains and the autologous isolate. agglutinin titres of 400 or greater were found against both formalinized and boiled reference antigens in 64% of the patients. using boiled reference antigens five seropositive patients were found who had not been detected with the formalinized reference antigens, and vice versa. ...19817333679
clinical and serological studies in patients with campylobacter fetus ssp. jejuni infection: i. clinical findings.stool samples from 775 patients with diarrhoea referred to a hospital over an 18-month period were cultured for campylobacter fetus ssp. jejuni, and in 55 patients (7.1%), infections were identified. in addition, one asymptomatic patient had a positive stool sample and serological evidence of a current infection. the patients were aged between 11 and 76 years, the majority being in the age group 15 to 39 years. the symptoms included diarrhoea (in almost 100%), fever (in 80%) and abdominal tender ...19817333678
nature of immunity in the male bovine reproductive tract based upon responses to campylobacter fetus and trichomonas fetus. 19817331953
immunity in the female bovine reproductive tract based on the response to "campylobacter fetus". 19817331952
occurrence of campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni and yersinia enterocolitica in domestic animals and in some foods of animal origin in finland.fecal samples of some domestic animals were investigated for occurrence of c. fetus subsp. jejuni and y. enterocolitica. the findings in this survey suggest, that the contamination rate in domestic animals for both bacteria is low. raw milk, pasteurized milk or ground meat samples were not positive for c. fetus subsp. jejuni. four per cent of the raw milk samples were positive for y. enterocolitica. each of the y. enterocolitica strains belonged to nilehn's biotype 1 and they were noninvasive.19817329785
campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni: experience in a large chicago medical center.from january 1979 through december 1979, 2069 stool specimens received by our laboratory for enteric culturing were additionally examined for the presence of campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni. the study population included inpatients, outpatients and hospital food handlers. patients were included regardless of symptoms. enteric pathogens were identified as follows: salmonella, 27 isolates; campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni, 26 isolates; and shigella, 11 isolates. twenty-five of 26 patients with ...19817315864
the occurrence of campylobacter jejuni in fresh food and survival under different conditions.campylobacter jejuni was an almost regular finding in chickens and in minced meat from pigs and cattle sold in ordinary food stores. the bacteria survived on the food at 4 degrees c for one week and frozen at -20 degrees c for three months. none of the strains tested survived heat treatment at 60 degrees c for longer than 15 min. c. jejuni is apparently a frequent guest in most kitchens. correct food handling and heat treatment to at least 60 degrees c for 15 min should be enough to prevent infe ...19817310124
effect of moisture content of the medium on colony morphology of campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni.reduction in the moisture content of the medium produced a profound effect on the colony morphology of campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni. fresh medium produced flat, grayfish, spreading colonies with an irregular shape and variety appearance. plates that were incubated at 30 degrees c for 48 h produced round, convex, butyrous colonies with an entire edge. plates incubated at 30 degrees c for 24 h before inoculation produced colonies of an intermediate nature; they were round and raised, but not ...19817309853
isolation of campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni from bangladeshi determine the prevalence of infection with campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni in bangladesh, culture surveys were conducted among three populations. in dacca, campylobacter was isolated from 5.2% of 97 individuals with clinical dysentery and from 12.3% of 204 patients with only diarrhea. this difference may have resulted from a greater representation of young children in the second group. campylobacter was isolated from 17.7% of the 141 healthy village children aged 1 to 5.5 years and from 38. ...19807309841
campylobacter colitis: a common infectious form of acute colitis.a case of acute ulcerating colitis due to campylobacter fetus is presented. the radiographic and endoscopic findings are indistinguishable from those of idiopathic acute ulcerative colitis. the clinical and bacteriological data relating to campylobacter are discussed.19817308695
susceptibility of campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni, isolated from patients in jakarta, indonesia to ten antimicrobial agents. 19817298551
experimental campylobacter diarrhea in animal model for campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni enteritis was developed in 3-day-old chickens. diarrhea was induced in 88% (22 of 25) of chickens inoculated with 9 x 10(7) bacteria given orally. the mean incubation time was 45 h (range, 24 to 72 h). considerable weight loss was observed in the experimental group compared with the control group. ninety bacteria was the minimal infective dose capable of inducing diarrhea in 90% of the chickens. overall mortality was 32% (8 of 25). light micr ...19817298187
transmissible plasmids from campylobacter jejuni.tetracycline resistance in clinical isolates of campylobacter jejuni was shown to be plasmid mediated. intra- and interspecies transfers to c. fetus subsp. fetus were demonstrated. the frequency of transfer was increased by approximately 100-fold on a solid surface by using a plate- or filter-mating procedure, as compared with a liquid-mating method. results of experiments in which cell-free filtrates were used to replace the donor strain in mating experiments tend to rule out bacteriophage-medi ...19817294767
campylobacter gastroenteritis in neonates.campylobacter fetus enteritis is thought to be an unusual infection in the newborn. we describe eight term neonates with gastroenteritis caused by c fetus subspecies jejuni who were seen during a two-year period. symptoms of bloody diarrhea (7/8) and irritability (6/8) began between 2 and 11 days of age. none of the infants was seriously ill; only one infant was febrile. none of the seven infants who had blood cultures drawn had bacteremia with c fetus, and none of the infants had complications. ...19817293989
evaluation of media for isolation of campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni from fecal specimens.isolation rates of campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni from human fecal specimens were equivalent after broth enrichment (thioglycolate medium containing antibiotics) and direct inoculation on two brucella blood agar media containing ferrous sulfate, sodium metabisulfite, and sodium pyruvate, identical concentrations of vancomycin and trimethoprim, and different concentrations of polymyxin b and cephalothin. studies with clinical isolates of c. fetus subsp. jejuni demonstrated temperature-dependen ...19817287894
intestinal colonization of neonatal animals by campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni.neonatal mice (2.3 to 2.8 g) were inoculated intragastrically with different human isolates of campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni. at weekly intervals thereafter, mice were sacrificed and dilution plate counts were performed on segments of the gastrointestinal tract. mice were uniformly colonized by some strains for 2 weeks, whereas other strains were being cleared at that time. one strain (bo216) persisted in some mice for 3 weeks. the greatest number of organisms (10(7)) was recovered from the ...19817287188
campylobacter fetus subsp jejuni: its possible significance in enteric disease of calves and lambs.fecal samples from 127 diarrheic and 3 healthy beef calves, representing 25 herds with enteric disease, were cultured for campylobacter, using filtration and a selective medium. campylobacter fetus subsp jejuni (cfj) was isolated from 51 (40%) of the diarrheic calves representing 14 (56%) herds and from the 3 clinically healthy calves (1 each in 3 of these 14 herds). campylobacter fetus subsp intestinalis was not isolated from the calves. fecal samples from 36 diarrheic and 20 healthy lambs repr ...19817283242
[gastrointestinal infections caused by campylobacter fetus]. 19817274796
persistent excretion of campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni. 19817272877
the clinical spectrum of campylobacter fetus infections: report of five cases and review of the literature.five cases of extra-intestinal campylobacter fetus infections are described and an additional 242 cases are reviewed from the literature. a variety of clinical syndromes are encountered including endocarditis; thrombophlebitis; meningitis; pneumonia and pleuritis; and infectious arthritis. thirty-eight per cent of patients presented with bacteremia enteritis. campylobacter fetus demonstrates a preference for endovascular surfaces. the majority of patients are male and have an underlying illness. ...19807267960
relative frequency of clostridium difficile in patients with diarrheal disease.we have studied 161 patients with diarrheal disease to determine the frequency with which clostridium difficile occurs in such patients. c. difficile or its toxin or both were detected in stools from 19 patients (11.9%), 17 of whom had previously received antimicrobial agents. enteric pathogens other than c. difficile were recovered less frequently, with salmonella sp., giardia lamblia, and campylobacter fetus being recovered from 4.1, 2.5, and 1.3%, respectively, of the patients studied. these ...19817263852
reiter's syndrome in association with enteritis due to campylobacter fetus ssp. 18-year-old girl with reiter's syndrome after febrile diarrhoea was found to be infected with campylobacter fetus spp. jejuni. excretion of campylobacter into stools was stopped by erythromycin therapy, but active polyarthritis lasted for 6 months. the patient was positive for hla b27.19817259333
isolation of campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni from the gallbladder of normal slaughter pigs, using an enrichment procedure. 19817258027
diarrhea due to campylobacter fetus subspecies jejuni. a clinical review of 63 cases.campylobacter fetus subspecies jejuni was isolated fom the feces of 63 (3.2%) of the 1,953 patients who had stools cultured at the mayo clinic in 1979. in contrast, salmonella and shigella combined were isolated from 31 (1.6%) patients. two patients had double infections with salmonella species and c. fetus subsp jejuni. three patients had no diarrhea at the time of stool culture. one patient, who had chronic lymphocytic leukemia, had both blood and stool cultures positive for c. fetus subsp jej ...19817253703
the hamster as a reservoir of campylobacter fetus subspecies jejuni. 19817252269
antimicrobial susceptibility of campylobacter jejuni with special reference to resistance patterns of canadian isolates.agar dilution antimicrobial susceptibility testing of camphylobacter jejuni showed that erythromycin, clindamycin, nitrofurantoin, and gentamicin were the most active compounds, inhibiting 90% of the isolates at a concentration of 1 microgram/ml or less. the frequency of high-level erythromycin resistance was 1%. erythromycin-resistant isolates showed cross-resistance to clindamycin. all strains were inhibited by chloramphenicol at less than or equal to 8 micrograms/ml. about 20% of the isolates ...19817247381
campylobacter infections in pregnancy. case report and literature review.campylobacter fetus is a major cause of venereally transmitted abortion and sterility in ungulates, and a recently recognized, common enteric pathogen in man. the role of the organism as a cause of human fetal wastage has not been delineated. we present a case of bacteremic campylobacter infection in a pregnant woman, and review the published cases of campylobacteriosis in pregnancy and the perinatal period. systemic maternal infection may present either as prolonged febrile illness or fulminant ...19817246658
arthritis associated with campylobacter jejuni enteritis.among 342 patients with infection due to campylobacter fetus ss. jejuni, 8 cases (2.3%) of arthritis were found. three patients had monoarthritis and 5 oligoor polyarthritis. the arthritis began 4 days - 4 weeks after the onset of diarrhoea; this interval and the synovial fluid findings suggest that the arthritis was reactive. the histocompatibility antigen hla-b 27 was identified in 5 of the 7 patients tested.19817244582
campylobacter enterocolitis.we report four patients with bloody diarrhea and colitis from campylobacter fetus subspecies jejuni. two patients had dogs with campylobacter fetus in their stools. all patients responded rapidly and completely to erythromycin therapy. campylobacter fetus subspecies jejuni is now a relatively common cause of enterocolitis, more common than salmonella or shigella. when the organism causes short-lived water diarrhea, a definitive diagnosis is not necessary. in a patient with bloody diarrhea and ac ...19817240691
long-term infections with campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni.seventy-three apparently healthy, rural south african schoolchildren 6 to 8 or 13 to 16 years of age were examined five times over a 16-month period for fecal pathogens. nine were positive for campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni. the organism was isolated intermittently from six children for at least 9 months and from three children for more than 1 year. five of the long-term infections occurred among the 46 children aged 6 to 8 years (10.9%) versus one long-term infection among the 27 children ag ...19817240397
antimicrobial susceptibility of campylobacter jejuni and campylobacter fetus subsp. fetus to eight cephalosporins with special reference to species differentiation.agar dilution antimicrobial susceptibility testing showed that campylobacter jejuni was significantly more resistant than campylobacter fetus subsp. fetus (intestinalis) to cephalosporin c, cephaloridine, cephalothin, cefazolin, and cefamandole. no species differences in susceptibility were noted with cephalexin, cefotaxime, and cefoxitin. rapid species differentiation on the basis of an antibiogram could be achieved with the disk diffusion method. c jejuni failed to produce a zone of inhibition ...19807235681
acute cholecystitis and campylobacter fetus. 19817235429
perinatal campylobacter fetus ss jejuni enteritis.a 2-day-old breast-fed male infant developed mucoid and blood diarrhoea, and campylobacter fetus ss jejuni was isolated from the stools but not from the blood. the probable source of transmission was his mother in whom symptoms of campylobacter jejuni-associated illness began one day earlier. both showed igm, igg and iga antibody responses to autologous and reciprocal strains of campylobacter jejuni as studied by elisa.19817234412
pancreas affection in association with enteritis due to campylobacter fetus ssp. jejuni.a woman with pancreas affection during diarrhoea due to campylobacter fetus ssp. jejuni is presented. the patient recovered within 8 days without specific treatment. in addition, 5 other cases with pancreas affection associated with campylobacter infection are cited.19817223520
[prevalence of campylobacter fetus ssp. jejuni in danish dogs (author's transl)].rectal swabs from dogs were examined for campylobacter fetus ssp. jejuni. the rate of positive findings from dogs with diarrhoea was 17.2% compared with 11.1% from the group of control dogs (without diarrhoea). thus dogs may, under danish conditions, be reservoir for campylobacter. most of the isolations were made on bloodagar after filtration of the samples through 0.6 mu filters. the selectivity of two media developed for examination of human faecal samples was either too low or too high for t ...19817220268
enriched brucella medium for storage and transport of cultures of campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni.a semisolid brucella medium with 10% sheep blood was used for storage and transport of campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni and subsp. intestinalis and kept isolated alive about 3 weeks or longer at 25 degrees c or when sent through the regular mail.19807217338
isolation of campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni from migratory waterfowl.since the sources from which humans acquire campylobacter enteritis are only partially known, we studied the frequency of carriage of campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni in migratory waterfowl. cecal contents of various species of wild ducks were cultured on selective media that contained antibiotics to inhibit normal flora. thirty-five percent of the 445 ducks cultured harbored c. fetus subsp. jejuni. migratory waterfowl are yet another reservoir for this enteric pathogen and may be of public hea ...19807217334
[campylobacter fetus intestinalis: 1st isolation associated with ovine epizootic abortion in mexico]. 19807209173
[campylobacter fetus intestinalis septicemia]. 19817208200
campylobacter fetus subspecies jejuni in georgia. 19807205078
comparison of selective media for primary isolation of campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni.three selective media, skirrow, butzler, and a modification of butzler medium, were compared for the primary isolation of campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni. this organism was isolated from 87 of 347 specimens (72 from 240 dogs rectal swabs and 15 from 107 cats rectal swabs). the positive rate for dogs (30%) was twice as high as that for cats (14%). skirrow and butzler media were comparable in their isolation of c. fetus subsp. jejuni. a significantly higher rate of positive results was obtained ...19817204549
campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni in a turkey processing plant.cecal cultures taken over a 1-year period from 600 turkeys at a poultry processing plant were all positive for campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni. swabs of the cloaca and fresh feces were likewise all positive. of 33 freshly dressed turkey carcases, 94% were positive before chilling in tanks of chlorinated ice and water; 34% of 83 carcasses were still positive after overnight soaking in the tanks. increasing the chlorine content from 50 to 340 ppm (50 to 340 micrograms/ml) did not cause a decreas ...19817204547
campylobacter jejuni: incidence in processed broilers and biotype distribution in human and broiler isolates.campylobacter jejuni was isolated from 18 of 40 processed broiler carcasses and 134 of 327 cloacal swabs obtained at four processing plants in sydney, australia. three of four flocks examined carried c. jejuni. eighty-two percent of chicken and 98% of human isolates from the area were of identical biotypes.19827201780
erythromycin. new indications and toxicities.although erythromycin was introduced into clinical medicine more than 28 years ago, the indications for its use continue to expand. this antibiotic has emerged as appropriate therapy for legionnaires' disease, chronic bacterial prostatitis caused by escherichia coli, klebsiella pneumoniae, and proteus species, enteritis and colitis produced by campylobacter fetus, and soft tissue and pleuropulmonary anaerobic infections in which bacteroides fragilis plays no role. in combination with an aminogly ...19817194477
hippurate hydrolysis by and triphenyltetrazolium tolerance of campylobacter fetus.a rapid test of hippurate hydrolysis and a test of tolerance to triphenyltetrazolium chloride (ttc) were studied in 315 strains of campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni to determine their usefulness for biotyping this organism and for distinguishing it from c. fetus subsp. intestinalis. of the 315 strains tested, 84% hydrolyzed hippurate and 97% were resistant to ttc. ability to hydrolyze hippurate was seen in 99% of 155 human isolates, 75% of 60 avian isolates, 100% of 41 cattle and dog isolates, 8 ...19827186902
survival of campylobacter jejuni inoculated into ground beef.ground beef was inoculated with mixed cultures of campylobacter jejuni, and the samples were subjected to various cooking and cold-storage temperatures. when samples were heated in an oven at either 190 or 218 degrees c, approximately 10(7) cells of c. jejuni per g were inactivated (less than 30 cells per g) in less than 10 min after the ground beef reached an internal temperature of 70 degrees c. when the samples were held at -15 degrees c over 14 days of storage, the numbers of c. jejuni decli ...19827181502
[microbiological studies of beef tartar].two hundred lots of 'filet américain' (a mixture of minced meat, acid sauce, condiments, salt, etc., meant to be eaten raw) were sampled from retailers and examined for several types of micro-organism; 185 lots had been prepared by the retailer, fifteen on an 'industrial' scale. pork had been used in seventy-three lots (including fourteen 'industrial' lots); beef was present in all lots, horse meat in none of them. on the whole, the bacterial state of the meats in which pork had been used was fo ...19827179231
[useful and superfluous measures in the treatment of infant diarrhea].in acute diarrhea of infancy we distinguish between infectious and noninfectious causes. in the latter we know some autosomal recessive disorders, e.g. the glucose-galactose-malabsorption, the lactase deficiency as well as the sucrase-isomaltase deficiency. in addition the most frequent acquired disorders like the cow's milk protein intolerance and celiac disease contribute also to the group of noninfectious causes of diarrhea. here the most effective therapy consists of the elimination of the t ...19827178037
antibody response of guinea-pigs and cattle to a campylobacter fetus oil emulsion vaccine. 19827177598
intestinal occurrence of campylobacter fetus subspecies jejuni and clostridium difficile in children in sweden.stool samples were cultured from 356 children in different states of health and in different age groups between birth and six years of age in order to investigate the occurrence of campylobacter jejuni and clostridium difficile. campylobacter jejuni was isolated from two of 56 children with diarrhoea but was not isolated from any of 300 healthy children or children recently treated with antibiotics. campylobacter jejuni does not seem to be a common cause of diarrhoea in children in sweden and is ...19827173168
[intestinal infection caused by campylobacter fetus (jejuni)]. 19827170145
short-term preservation medium for campylobacter fetus subspecies jejuni. 19827166363
[campylobacter fetus ssp. jejuni as a frequent cause of diarrhea in humans]. 19827164351
isolation of campylobacter fetus subspecies jejuni from hamsters with proliferative ileitis. 19827162131
[campylobacter fetus subspecie jejuni in infants with acute diarrheal syndrome]. 19827156432
[gastroenteritis caused by campylobacter fetus jejuni]. 19827154734
trimethoprim activity in media selective for campylobacter jejuni.the activity of trimethoprim (tmp) in two selective media used for isolation of campylobacter jejuni was evaluated. the two selective media, campy-bap and skirrow medium, contain tmp in addition to other antimicrobial agents. the minimal inhibitory concentrations of tmp in blood agar base (basal agar for skirrow medium) or brucella agar (basal agar for campy-bap) for three sensitive control organisms were compared with those in mueller-hinton agar, which contains low levels of thymidine. tmp was ...19827153334
campylobacter jejuni peritonitis complicating continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis.we report the occurrence of campylobacter jejuni peritonitis complicating c. jejuni enteritis in a patient treated with continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis. cure followed oral administration of erythromycin and intraperitoneal therapy with gentamicin.19827153322
outer membrane characteristics of campylobacter jejuni.outer membranes were isolated from type strains and wild-type isolates of campylobacter jejuni and campylobacter coli by sodium lauryl sarcosinate extraction, and the polypeptide complement and lipopolysaccharide (lps) content were analyzed by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. the protein profiles exhibited by membranes from both species were quite similar, but could be distinguished from the type strain of the genus, c. fetus subsp. fetus cip5396. the sodium dodecyl sul ...19827152677
intestinal colonization and competitive exclusion of campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni in young chicks.colonization of campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni was investigated in monoxenic and holoxenic chicks. in monoxenic chicks, major colonization was found in the crop and ceca, with populations in the ceca consistently reaching 10(9) colony-forming-units/ml of cecal contents over the 28-day test period. bacteremia was found in most chicks, but no significant gross pathological lesions were detected. in holoxenic chicks, major colonization occurred only in the ceca, and no evidence of bacteremia was ...19827150145
[etiological significance of campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni and parvovirus in acute enteritis in the dog]. 19827148215
campylobacter fetus subspecies jejuni isolated from syrian hamsters with proliferative ileitis.two groups of syrian hamsters received 3 weeks apart from a commercial supplier became ill and were found to have proliferative ileitis (transmissible ileal hyperplasia). seventy-five of 200 hamsters from one group and 60 of 200 from another group were evaluated by bacteriological and histopathological techniques. campylobacter fetus subspecies jejuni was isolated from all hamsters showing clinical signs of proliferative ileitis. the organism was recovered from fecal swabs and the ileum. many as ...19827144126
antibiotic control of campylobacter fetus by three extenders of bovine semen.campylobacter fetus were added to raw semen in two factorial experiments that evaluated seminal extender, initial antibiotic treatment of raw semen, and inclusion of antibiotics in the extender. extenders were conventional egg yolk citrate, complete egg yolk tes-tris, and complete egg yolk tris. raw semen was treated with 2000 micrograms streptomycin sulfate and 1000 units of polymyxin b sulfate per milliliter. antibiotic-treated extender contained 500 units of polymyxin b sulfate, 1000 microgra ...19827142533
pathogenicity of campylobacter jejuni isolates from animals and humans.fourteen isolates of campylobacter jejuni of different serotypes and one campylobacter coli isolate, from various human and animal sources, were tested for potential pathogenic mechanisms. enterotoxin production was not detected in the infant mouse test or by calf and piglet ligated intestinal loop studies. isolates were not invasive by the sereny test. all isolates associated with and penetrated hela cells, although both actions occurred generally in a minor way under the conditions of our stud ...19827141696
acute infective colitis caused by endemic pathogens in western europe: endoscopic a 4-year period 45 patients were admitted to our gastroenterological u nit with acute infective colitis. the endemic pathogens responsible for the colitis were yersinia enterocolitica (46%), campylobacter fetus jejuni (20%), common salmonellae (13%), less virulent strains of shigella (9%), entamoeba hystolytica (7%) and cytomegalovirus (4%). these microorganisms caused very severe disease in 18% of the patients, who were mostly predisposed. while salmonella- and amoebic colitis always mimicke ...19827140655
campylobacter fetus subsp jejuni. a cause of diarrhea in a patient with a continent ileostomy. 19827140489
the duration of protection against infection with campylobacter fetus subsp. venerealis in immunised bulls. 19827138441
pneumonia associated with enteritis due to campylobacter fetus ssp jejuni. 19827137884
the occurrence of campylobacter jejuni in dog faeces from a public faeces collected from a public park were cultured on selective media for campylobacter spp. campylobacter jejuni was isolated from 12 (4.6%) of 260 specimens. in contrast salmonella spp. were found in only three (1.2%). six of the 12 isolates were nalidixic acid-resistant thermophilic campylobacters (nartc), whereas during the same period of study none were found among human isolates. most of the campylobacter positive faeces were found during june and july. dog faeces deposited in public pl ...19827130699
survival and growth of campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni on meat and in cooked foods.twelve strains of campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni isolated from humans and animals grew at temperatures ranging from 34 to 45 degrees c and ph minima between 5.7 and 5.9. only one strain grew at ph 5.8 with lactic acid present at a concentration similar to that in meat. all strains had decimal reduction times of less than 1 min at 60 degrees c. further examination of a typical strain showed that it grew at 37 degrees c on high-ph meat but not at 37 degrees c on normal-ph meat. bacterial number ...19827125649
serology of campylobacter fetus ss. jejuni. 2 serotyping of live bacteria by slide, latex and co-agglutination tests.antisera against 12 campylobacter strains (8 c. fetus ss. jejuni, 2 ss fetus and 2 ss. intestinalis) were obtained from rabbits immunized with formalin treated bacteria. cross testing of live boiled and autoclaved organisms of these strains were performed with direct slide and tube agglutinations, and with agglutinations of latex particles and protein a-containing staphylococci coated with antibodies. confirmed by absorption experiments both heat labile and heat stable antigens were demonstrated ...19827124403
[campylobacter enteritis in 0-5-year-old children in the eindhoven area - and epidemiological study].in the region eindhoven 36 children with campylobacter-enteritis were examined from i january 1980 to 31 december 1980. symptoms were studied and stools were cultured over a four-month period. abdominal pain and/or diarrhea occurred in more than 90% of patients and were not infrequently of longer duration. bloody stools were found in 58% of patients and disappeared relatively early during the time of illness, as well as fever and vomiting. after one month campylobacter could only be cultured in ...19827123534
isolation of campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni from human fecal specimens by incubation at 35 and 42 degrees c.campylobacter strains were isolated from human stool specimens that were cultured on modified skirrow agar and incubated at 35 and 42 degrees c. incubation at 42 degrees c resulted in more isolates, increased colony numbers, and earlier isolation than was found at 35 degrees c.19827119106
serotyping of campylobacter jejuni isolated from sporadic cases and outbreaks in british columbia.campylobacter jejuni from sporadic cases and outbreaks of gastroenteritis were serotyped on the basis of heat-extracted soluble thermostable antigens identified with the use of the passive hemagglutination technique. a total of 168 isolates were separated into 45 different types. the largest proportion of the isolates fell into three serotypes, each with 11 to 12.5% of the total number. three less frequently occurring serotypes each included approximately 5%, and the remaining 50% of the isolate ...19827119100
susceptibility pattern of campylobacter jejuni from human and animal origins to different antimicrobial agents.the in vitro antimicrobial activities of different antimicrobial agents on campylobacter jejuni from human and animal origins were compared by using a dynatech mic 2000 system. in general, the minimal inhibitory concentration distributions for the human strains were very comparable with those of the animal strains. the animal strains had a bimodal distribution for ampicillin, clindamycin, and tetracycline.19827114842
some characteristics of campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni isolated from pigs, birds and man. 19827113871
isolation of campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni from faeces of norwegian poultry. 19827113862
[enteritis caused by campylobacter fetus in navarre].c. fetus ss jejuni was demonstrated in stool samples from 17 patients, among 605 studied, using the selective media of skirrow. 13 of them were children, 11 two years' old or younger, and 4 were adult patients. the frequency of isolation of c. fetus ss jejuni in stool cultures has been greater than the isolation of y. enterocolitica serotype 3, s. sonnei and e. coli, and has been only superated by the isolation of microorganisms belonging to the generus salmonella.19827111952
30 years of campylobacters: biochemical characteristics and a biotyping proposal for campylobacter jejuni.several biochemical test systems were studied for their potential usefulness for the examination of strains of campylobacter species. most (81%) of the c. jejuni strains hydrolyzed sodium hippurate, but strains of c. fetus, c. sputorum, and c. fecalis did not. some (46%) of the c. jejuni strains and all of the c. sputorum subsp. sputorum, c. sputorum subsp. bubulus, and c. fecalis strains hydrolyzed dna, but the c. fetus and c. sputorum subsp. mucosalis strains did not. strains of all species of ...19827107840
[campylobacteriosis in humans caused by subspecies intestinalis and fetus. six new diseases (author's transl)].the subspecies intestinalis and fetus of campylobacter fetus are opportunistic pathogens in humans. so far, some 200 types of disease due to these pathogens have been reported from all over the world, and six new diseases are briefly described in this paper. the most frequent disease is sepsis, followed by meningitis. while ticarcillin, erythromycin, clindamycin and tetracycline are the antibiotics which show activity against these species, a large degree of resistance is seen against cephalothi ...19827107019
recovery of campylobacter jejuni and campylobacter coli from inoculated foods by selective enrichment.a direct enrichment procedure was developed to selectively recover small numbers of campylobacter jejuni, c. coli, and nalidixic acid-resistant thermophilic campylobacter from foods. the procedure includes an enrichment medium composed of brucella broth, 7% lysed horse blood, 0.3% sodium succinate, 0.01% cysteine hydrochloride, vancomycin (15 micrograms/ml), trimethoprim (5 micrograms/ml), polymyxin b (20 iu/ml), and cycloheximide (50 micrograms/ml) that is inoculated with 10 or 25 g of food and ...19827103488
contamination of red-meat carcasses by campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni.campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni was commonly present in the feces of unweaned calves (2 to 3 weeks old) and from two of four groups of sheep. one new season lamb (12 to 16 weeks old) carried the organism, but the bacteria were not isolated from cattle. with unweaned calves, the fractions of animals infected and carcasses contaminated were similar. contamination of carcasses usually involved low densities of c. fetus subsp. jejuni (ca. 1 to 10/cm2), which were isolated from flank but not rump a ...19827103481
campylobacter-associated enterocolitis in childhood. report of a fatal case.the full clinical range of campylobacter fetus enterocolitis has become apparent only recently. this case study describes the clinical and pathologic findings in a chronically ill child who developed signs of inflammatory bowel disease. following a negative bacteriologic culture, crohn's disease was diagnosed by roentgenographic criteria. a trial of immunosuppressive therapy failed, and a repeat of microbiologic examination identified a heavy growth of campylobacter fetus ss. jejuni. various com ...19827102598
epidemiological aspects of campylobacter jejuni epidemiological study on campylobacter jejuni enterocolitis was performed in an urban swedish community. the study included 55 patients gathered during a six-month period. forty-one of the 55 patients (75%) were infected outside sweden. campylobacter enterocolitis was rare among children within the country. patients infected in sweden had eaten chicken significantly more often than a corresponding control group. seven out of nine chicken consuming campylobacter patients also had prepared the ...19827097000
serotyping of campylobacter jejuni by slide agglutination based on heat-labile antigenic factors.a serotyping scheme for campylobacter jejuni was developed based on slide agglutination of live bacteria with whole cell antisera absorbed with homologous heated and heterologous unheated cross-reactive antigens. among 815 isolates from human and nonhuman sources, 21 serogroups were recognized. of the 615 isolates from human cases of gastroenteritis, 529 (86%) were typable; 455 strains agglutinated in 20 single antisera, whereas 74 isolates agglutinated in various pairs of antisera, allowing sub ...19827096555
[campylobacter fetus ssp. jejuni - another cause of childhood diarrheal disease]. 19827094109
proliferative colitis in ferrets.during a 4-month period, 31 of 156 ferrets (mustela putorius) in a biomedical research program developed protracted diarrhea. clinical signs were green mucohemorrhagic fecal material, partially prolapsed rectum, anorexia, body weight loss, and dehydration. nine of the affected animals were necropsied. on gross examination, the descending colon was grossly thick and histologically characterized by marked proliferation of the mucosa, relatively few goblet cells, mixed inflammatory cell infiltrate, ...19827091850
campylobacter enteritis in determine the relative importance of campylobacter jejuni as a cause of diarrheal illness in patients coming to three hospitals in denver, we cultured stool specimens from 2,670 patients over a two-year period. c jejuni was identified in the feces of 124 patients (4.6 percent), salmonella from 90 (3.4 percent) and shigella from 77 (2.9 percent). most campylobacter isolates were obtained in the summer months and from patients 10 to 29 years old. the illness usually lasted less than two weeks; ...19827090379
[isolation of campylobacter fetus, subsp, jejuni in animals, particularly in dogs and cats]. 19827089517
the heat-sensitivity of campylobacter jejuni in is now established that milk can be a vehicle for the spread of enteritis due to campylobacter jejuni. by determining the lethal effect of heat on six isolates it has been shown that c. jejuni is unlikely to survive pasteurization.19827086118
susceptibility of shigella species to erythromycin.two of the most common causes of inflammatory enteritis are campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni and shigella species. no single antimicrobial agent is recommended for treatment of both diseases. erythromycin is used to treat c. fetus subsp. jejuni infections but has not been studied in shigellosis. for this reason, we determined the susceptibility of 22 strains of shigella to erythromycin and found that shigella species are susceptible to concentrations of erythromycin which are obtainable in stoo ...19827073270
campylobacter enteritis associated with contaminated water.approximately 3000 people in bennington, vermont, 19% of the population, had a diarrheal illness during the first and second weeks of june 1978. persons affected reported abdominal cramps (86%), diarrhea (82%), malaise (73%), and headache (47%). the mean duration of illness was 4.6 days. the illness was associated with drinking unboiled water from the town water system. investigation showed that the entire water system was probably contaminated and the source of contamination was the main unfilt ...19827059090
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