TitleAbstractYear(sorted descending)
erythromycin resistance only found in campylobacter coli. 19836643337
pathogenicity of campylobacter jejuni and campylobacter coli strains in the pregnant guinea pig model.pathogenicity of 17 campylobacter isolates for pregnant guinea pigs was investigated. of 14 isolates, 12 (86%) produced rates of abortion ranging from 13% to 87%. two isolates did not produce abortion. reference strains of c fetus subsp venerealis produced abortion in 60% to 87% and c fetus subsp fetus produced abortion in 60% of the guinea pigs. inoculated organisms were recovered from uterus, blood, liver, kidney, spleen, and gallbladder of the guinea pigs at rates as high as 83% for 2 ovine i ...19836650962
a comparison of procedures for the isolation of campylobacters from seagull faeces.two enrichment broths (preston and roman & doyle's) and four solid media (preston, skirrow's, butzler's and blaser's) were compared to determine their relative efficiencies in recovering campylobacters from 389 freshly voided seagull faeces, 276 of which were found to contain campylobacters by one or more of the procedures used. a combination of enrichment in preston medium followed by plating on to preston agar gave the highest number of isolates (263). enrichment in fluid media was shown to be ...19836663060
a comparison of microaerobic systems for the culture of campylobacter jejuni and campylobacter coli.the relative ability of two commercial gas generating envelopes, the evacuation-replacement technique, and a candle jar, to produce a satisfactory microaerobic atmosphere for the culture of 45 campylobacter strains on non-selective medium and five selective media (skirrow's, modified butzler's blaser's, campy-bap and preston medium) was investigated quantitatively. a candle jar, and modified butzler's medium proved to be of limited use. the ability of four commercial gas generating envelopes to ...19836407829
nucleic acids in the classification of campylobacters.the importance of campylobacters in human disease has stimulated improvements in the methods for identification of strains from hospitals and the environment. reliable and accurate identification depends on a sound classification for which nucleic acid analyses provide fundamental information about species relationships. studies on the genus campylobacter show that the genome dna of species have base compositions of 29 to 38 mol% g + c and molecular weights of 1.54 x 10(9) to 2.31 x 10(9). campy ...19836194994
characterization of tetracycline resistance plasmids from campylobacter jejuni and campylobacter coli.tetracycline resistance in strains of campylobacter jejuni and campylobacter coli was mediated by plasmids. intra- and interspecies transfer was demonstrated within the genus campylobacter. buoyant densities of plasmid dnas ranged from 1.691 to 1.694 g/cm3 (31 to 33% guanine plus cytosine). restriction enzymes acci, bcli, bglii, and psti were found to be most useful for comparing the plasmids. the molecular weight of c. jejuni plasmid pmak175 was 44.7 kilobases (29 x 10(6), and the other plasmid ...19836318666
serogroups of campylobacter jejuni, campylobacter coli, and campylobacter fetus defined by direct immunofluorescence.rabbits were inoculated with whole, formalinized campylobacter jejuni, c. coli, and c. fetus cells; the c. jejuni and c. coli immunogens were identified by their dna relatedness at the species level to the type strains of c. jejuni or c. coli. the designation c. coli was not used among the other c. jejuni strains; they were classified as hippurate-positive or hippurate-negative c. jejuni. immunoglobulin g was isolated from the antisera and labeled with fluorescein isothiocyanate. these conjugate ...19836341405
an acid extract as a common antigen in campylobacter coli and campylobacter jejuni acid extract prepared from a single strain of campylobacter jejuni reacted with rabbit antisera against 21 strains of c. jejuni and campylobacter coli. the immunogen is resistant to formalin and to exposure to 100 degrees c for 30 min. the antigenic extract may have practical applications in human serology.19836343426
correlation of an expanded direct fluorescent-antibody system with an established passive hemagglutination system for serogrouping strains of campylobacter jejuni and campylobacter coli.rabbits were inoculated with whole, formalinized cells from eight passive hemagglutination reference strains of campylobacter. fluorescein isothiocyanate-labeled immunoglobulin g from these antisera defined seven new direct fluorescent-antibody serogroups of c. jejuni and one new serogroup of c. coli. this expanded the campylobacter direct fluorescent antibody system to include 17 serogroups of c. jejuni, 3 serogroups of c. coli, and 2 serogroups of c. fetus. we then compared the passive hemaggl ...19836358249
[hepatitis caused by campylobacter coli (author's transl)].campylobacter coli is known to cause ulcerous enterocolitis, but hepatitis has not yet been reported. a 50-year-old woman without history of liver disease was admitted with diarrhoea, fever, poor general condition, subicterus and enlarged liver. campylobacter coli was grown in haemoculture, and a specific antibiotic treatment resulted in complete cure. the results of haemoculture, the necrosis and polymorphonuclear infiltrates found in liver biopsies, the return to normal of biochemical tests an ...19827070993
recovery of campylobacter jejuni and campylobacter coli from inoculated foods by selective enrichment.a direct enrichment procedure was developed to selectively recover small numbers of campylobacter jejuni, c. coli, and nalidixic acid-resistant thermophilic campylobacter from foods. the procedure includes an enrichment medium composed of brucella broth, 7% lysed horse blood, 0.3% sodium succinate, 0.01% cysteine hydrochloride, vancomycin (15 micrograms/ml), trimethoprim (5 micrograms/ml), polymyxin b (20 iu/ml), and cycloheximide (50 micrograms/ml) that is inoculated with 10 or 25 g of food and ...19827103488
production of enteritis in pigs by the oral inoculation of pure cultures of campylobacter coli.pure cultures of an isolate of campylobacter coli obtained from small intestinal lesions in a seven-day-old piglet were used to inoculate hysterectomy derived, colostrum deprived piglets, conventional sucking piglets and conventional weaned pigs in three separate controlled experiments. rectal temperatures rose to 40 degrees c in inoculated hysterectomy derived, colostrum deprived pigs within four days of infection and a mucoid yellowish diarrhoea containing occasional flecks of blood developed. ...19827135771
pathogenicity of campylobacter jejuni isolates from animals and humans.fourteen isolates of campylobacter jejuni of different serotypes and one campylobacter coli isolate, from various human and animal sources, were tested for potential pathogenic mechanisms. enterotoxin production was not detected in the infant mouse test or by calf and piglet ligated intestinal loop studies. isolates were not invasive by the sereny test. all isolates associated with and penetrated hela cells, although both actions occurred generally in a minor way under the conditions of our stud ...19827141696
outer membrane characteristics of campylobacter jejuni.outer membranes were isolated from type strains and wild-type isolates of campylobacter jejuni and campylobacter coli by sodium lauryl sarcosinate extraction, and the polypeptide complement and lipopolysaccharide (lps) content were analyzed by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. the protein profiles exhibited by membranes from both species were quite similar, but could be distinguished from the type strain of the genus, c. fetus subsp. fetus cip5396. the sodium dodecyl sul ...19827152677
[isolation of campylobacter coli/jejuni from samples of human feces in the province of pisa]. 19827171243
aetiology of acute diarrhoea in adults.we have studied 73 adults with acute diarrhoea and identified a micro-organism or toxin likely to be the cause in 58%. in addition to routinely cultured bacteria, campylobacter coli/jejuni and clostridium difficile were important pathogens in the community. patients who developed diarrhoea after antibiotic use had a distinctive clinical syndrome and comprised the third largest group of cases. clinical, epidemiological, and histological features in an additional group with negative cultures and n ...19817250751
experimental infection of pigs with oesophagostomum dentatum: pathogenesis and parasitology of repeated mass infection.pigs receiving a limited ration of 1 kg commercial feed per day were infected daily with 50,000 oesophagostomum dentatum larvae. the animals exhibited serious diarrhoea and anorexia. although there was neither anaemia nor hypoproteinaemia, there was a significant decrease in plasma sodium and an increase in blood urea nitrogen at the end of the experiment. large numbers of third and fourth stage larvae were found in the ileal, caecal and colonic mucosae. only fourth stage larvae, never adults, w ...19817313309
[the occurrence of campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni and salmonella bacteria in some wild birds (author's transl)].an investigation was carried out into the occurrence of campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni and salmonella species in some wild birds. a total of 129 birds was examined, consisting of 71 pigeons, 54 seagulls, three crows and one raven. campylobacter bacteria were isolated from 32 birds (24.8%), of which three were pigeons, 27 seagulls and two were crows. of the 27 campylobacter strains isolated from seagulls, four had the biochemical characteristics of the nartc biotype described by skirrow and be ...19817335487
the survival of campylobacter coli/jejuni in unpasteurised milk. 19816897896
experimental infection of the bovine udder with campylobacter coli/jejuni.five quarters of the udders of two lactating cows were infected by intramammary inoculation with campylobacter coli/jejuni in doses ranging from 2.6 colony-forming units (c.f.u.) to 3.8 x 10(9) c.f.u. the infected quarters developed clinical mastitis and the campylobacters were reisolated in large numbers from the milk. the milk from the uninfected quarters, and blood and faeces remained free of the organisms. the campylobacters could only be isolated by incubation of culture plates in a microae ...19807052224
[campylobacter coli--a new common cause of diarrhea in humans]. 1978364214
the effect of the nitroimidazole drug dimetridazole on microaerophilic campylobacters.dimetridazole, a nitroimidazole drug reported to act only on obligately anaerobic micro-organisms, is widely used for the prevention and treatment of swine dysentery. forty-four strains of the microaerophilic bacterium campylobacter coli isolated from either healthy or diseased pigs, and a strain of campylobacter fetus, were all sensitive to dimetridazole. the sensitivities (minimal inhibitory concentration less than 10 microng per ml) were similar to those of anaerobic bacteria. dimetridazole i ...1977558335
the isolation and nature of campylobacters (microaerophilic vibrios) from laboratory and wild rodents.faeces voided by eight species of laboratory or feral rodents were cultured for campylobacters by means of selective methods. campylobacters were isolated from bank voles and from rats, but not from rabbits, laboratory mice, hamsters, guinea-pigs, field mice or field voles. in routine biochemical tests isolates from bank voles resembled a type of campylobacter fetus that causes infectious infertility in cattle; isolates from rats resembled campylobacter coli associated with swine dysentery. elec ...1977330861
swine dysentery: inoculation of gnotobiotic pigs with treponema hyodysenteriae and vibrio coli and a peptostreptococcus.pure cultures of treponema hyodysenteriae given orally to conventional pigs resulted in the development of swine dysentery, whereas identical cultures given to gnotobiotic pigs did not produce the disease. oral inoculation of gnotobiotic pigs with vibrio coli and/or a peptostreptococcus in addition to t. hyodysenteriae did not result in dysentery. neutralization of gastric secretions with nahco3 immediately prior to inoculation with t. hyodysenteriae increased the period during which treponemes ...1977907906
[detection of vibrio coli in swine]. 19761021956
[biochemical characteristics of vibrio coli isolated from inflammatory pseudomembraneous swine dysentery].the paper presents the basic morphological and biochemical characteristics of seven microaerophilic vibrio cultures isolated by the membrane filtration method from the colon mucous membrane of pigs diseased with dysentery. for growth, the cultivated strains needen oxygen reduction; in the dark field they showed a typical active movement producing catalase and oxidase, reducing nitrates to nitrites, and tolerating the presence of 1% and 3% sodium chloride concentrations in the growth medium. no c ...1976828350
the possibility that campylobacter (vibrio) coli and treponema hyodysenteriae are both involved in swine dysentery. 19751139284
[the antigenic structure of vibrions studied by means of agglutination and fluorescent antibodies].cross immunofluorescent and serological studies were made of strains of vibrio coli of different forms-a short, commashaped strain and other long, spiral-shaped and serpent-like strains isolated from swine. some standard strains of vibrio foetus were also included for comparison. an antigenic difference was established between vibrions of long and short forms, as well as the known difference between strains isolated from swine and those from cattle which can be established by means of immunofluo ...1975779698
[comparison of nutrient media for isolation of microflora in swine dysentery].the usability of five nutrient media - three kinds of spirolate media, thioglycolate medium and brain hearth medium - suitable for the isolation of vibrio coli and germs similar to borrelia isolated from pigs affected by dysentery, and vibria isolated from cattle, was compared in the study. the results of comparison show that fresh-prepared substrates must be used bor the isolation of the mentioned germs in all cases and a corresponding medium must be provided. the modified spirolate media prepa ...1975812247
the etiology of swine dysentery. i. oral inoculation of germ-free swine with treponema hyodysenteriae and vibrio coli. 19744466031
transmission of swine dysentery with treponema hyodysenteriae and vibrio coli. 19744836152
a preliminary study on the intestinal flora of cecum and colon of eight, ten and 12 week old swine.using a replica-plating method and differential culture media, members of the enterobacteriaceae and pseudomonaceae were determined quantitatively in the colon and cecum content of pigs from different litters, born on the same farm and kept under the same environmental conditions, from the age of six weeks. the bacterial flora in pigs of eight, ten and 12 weeks of age showed little significant quantitative variation. pigs of 12 weeks of age differed significantly from younger ones with respect t ...19734270808
[isolation and identification of vibrio coli and borrelia like germs in the pig's dysentery]. 19724210742
gnotobiotic pigs exposed to vibrio coli. 19714943837
a method of isolating vibrio coli from pigs. 19694894006
pathogenicity of vibrio coli for swine. i. experimental infection of gnotobiotic pigs with vibrio coli.fifteen gnotobiotic pigs varying in age from three to eight weeks were exposed to 23 strains of v. coli isolated from swine with clinical and/or pathological signs of swine dysentery and also from clinically healthy pigs. clinical or pathological signs of swine dysentery were not produced, although the organism was readly established in the sedimentary tract. culture of feces, alimentary tract and environment revealed v. coli in large numbers, but no bacterial growth was obtained from other orga ...19684234782
pathogenicity of vibrio coli for swine. ii. experimental infection of conventional pigs with vibrio coli.the pathogenicity of v. coli for conventional swine was studied by inoculating pigs with cultures of v. coli and v. coli infected gut of gnotobiotic pigs. thus, six conventional pigs were inoculated with strains of v. coli freshly isolated from infected gnotobiotic pigs. the cultures were grown in simulated sows milk, and added to the feed. two other groups, of three pigs each, were infected by administration of minced intestine from two gnotobiotic pigs, heavily infected with the organism. vibr ...19684234783
[experiments on the electron microscopic differentiation of vibrio fetus, vibrio bubulus, vibrio coli and vibrio metschnikovi]. 19655881830
the isolation of vibrio coli from pigs. 196514330205
vibrionic dysentery in swine in ontario-part ii: morphological, biochemical and serological characteristics of vibrio coli. 196217421518
[analogical characteristics of certain strains of vibrio coli and vibrio foetus; bovine intestinal adapation of v. coli]. 195713500741
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