changing climate and the altitudinal range of avian malaria in the hawaiian islands - an ongoing conservation crisis on the island of kaua'i.transmission of avian malaria in the hawaiian islands varies across altitudinal gradients and is greatest at elevations below 1500 m where both temperature and moisture are favorable for the sole mosquito vector, culex quinquefasciatus, and extrinsic sporogonic development of the parasite, plasmodium relictum. potential consequences of global warming on this system have been recognized for over a decade with concerns that increases in mean temperatures could lead to expansion of malaria into hab ...201424446093
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