genomic analyses of francisella tularensis strains confirm disease transmission from drinking water sources, turkey, 2008, 2009 and 2012.waterborne epidemics of tularaemia caused by francisella tularensis are increasingly reported in turkey. we have used whole genome sequencing to investigate if f. tularensis isolated from patients could be traced back to drinking water sources. tonsil swabs from 33 patients diagnosed with oropharyngeal tularaemia in three outbreaks and 140 water specimens were analysed. f. tularensis subsp. holarctica was confirmed by microagglutination and pcr in 12 patients and five water specimens. genomic an ...201526062561
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