occurrence of francisella spp. in dermacentor reticulatus and ixodes ricinus ticks collected in eastern poland.a total of 530 questing dermacentor reticulatus ticks and 861 questing ixodes ricinus ticks were collected from lublin province (eastern poland) and examined for the presence of francisella by pcr for 16s rrna (rrs) and tul4 genes. only one female d. reticulatus tick out of 530 examined (0.2%) was infected with francisella tularensis subspecies holarctica, as determined by pcr of the rrs gene. none of 861 i. ricinus ticks were infected with f. tularensis. in contrast, the presence of francisella ...201525666656
serological surveillance of vector-borne and zoonotic diseases among hunters in eastern poland.many etiological agents of zoonoses are considered as significant biological hazard to people visiting forested areas frequently, for instance, hunters. they may be exposed to ticks, rodents, and birds as well as excreta/secretions of wild animals or contaminated water and soil. hence, this population is at risk of contracting infection with pathogens such as borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato (s.l.), anaplasma phagocytophilum, babesia spp., tick-borne encephalitis virus, bartonella spp., francisel ...201628035113
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