salmonellosis in indonesia: phage type distribution of salmonella paratyphi a.the distribution of phage types among 221 human strains of salmonella paratyphi a in indonesia was studied. approximately 50% were phage type 5, a rare type elsewhere in the world. most other isolates were the cosmopolitan phage type 1. the ratio of phage type 1-5 was compared for two cities on java, jakarta and yogyakarta. the ratios were significantly different, phage type 5 predominating in jakarta. the ratio of phage types among 10 s. paratyphi a strains isolated from jakarta river water was ...1977407296
antimicrobial resistance of bacterial pathogens associated with diarrheal patients in indonesia.the antimicrobial susceptibility patterns for 2,812 bacterial pathogens isolated from diarrheal patients admitted to hospitals in several provinces in the cities of jakarta, padang, medan, denpasar, pontianak, makassar, and batam, indonesia were analyzed from 1995 to 2001 to determine their changing trends in response to eight antibiotics: ampicillin, trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, chloramphenicol, tetracycline, cephalothin, ceftriaxone, norfloxacin, and ciprofloxacin. vibrio cholerae o1 (37.1%) ...200312887025
risk factors for typhoid and paratyphoid fever in jakarta, indonesia.the proportion of paratyphoid fever cases to typhoid fever cases may change due to urbanization and increased dependency on food purchased from street vendors. for containment of paratyphoid a different strategy may be needed than for typhoid, because risk factors for disease may not coincide and current typhoid vaccines do not protect against paratyphoid fever.200415173152
identification of typhoid fever and paratyphoid fever cases at presentation in outpatient clinics in jakarta, jakarta, indonesia, over 80% of patients with typhoid fever or paratyphoid fever are treated in outpatient settings. in a community-based prospective passive surveillance study, we identified 59 typhoid, 23 paratyphoid fever and 259 non-enteric fever outpatients, all blood culture-confirmed. we compared their symptoms with the aim of developing a clinical prediction rule that may help direct empirical antibiotic treatment to cases with suspected (para)typhoid fever, rather than all febrile pa ...200515837356
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