heavy metals in flamingos (phoenicopterus ruber) from italian wetlands: the problem of ingestion of lead shot.waterbirds are exposed to many contaminants, including lead from ingestion of shot and fishing sinkers. lead poisoning had never been reported in flamingos wintering in italian wetlands. our investigation stems from a case of four flamingos found dead in tuscany in 2002 with numerous lead shot in their gizzards. we therefore considered other specimens found dead in different italian wetlands. many lead shot found in gizzards and lead tissue concentrations confirmed the hypothesis of lead poisoni ...200818359016
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