serological evidence of widespread west nile virus and japanese encephalitis virus infection in native domestic ducks (anas platyrhynchos var domesticus) in kuttanad region, kerala, india.birds can act as reservoirs of west nile virus (wnv) with a key role in its epidemiology. wnv lineage 1 associated fatal cases of human encephalitis in 2011 and acute flaccid paralysis in 2013 were reported in alappuzha district, kerala, india. but no information is available on wnv circulation in domestic ducks, which are abundant, cohabit with humans and occupy wetlands and water bodies in the region. to determine the extent of wnv infection, we investigated 209 sera, 250 oral and 350 cloacal ...201627638121
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