retrospective genetic characterisation of encephalomyocarditis viruses from african elephant and swine recovers two distinct lineages in south africa.encephalomyocarditis virus (emcv) outbreaks are rare in southern africa. only two have been reported to date from south africa, both coinciding with rodent irruptions. the first outbreak manifested as acute myocarditis in pigs in 1979, whilst the second, occurring from 1993 to 1994, was linked to the deaths of 64 free-ranging adult african elephants (loxodonta africana). the p1 genome region, inclusive of the flanking leader (l) and 2a genes, of three south african isolates, one from swine and t ...201323021643
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