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serological evidence of west nile virus (wnv) in mammalian species in turkey.in this study, the sera collected from a variety of mammalian species (ass-mules, cat, cattle, dog, horse, human and sheep) in 10 representative provinces of turkey, were surveyed for the presence of neutralizing antibodies to west nile virus (wnv). overall, 1 of 40 (2.5%) ass-mules, 4 of 100 (4%) cattle, 43 of 114 (37.7%) dogs, 35 of 259 (13.5%) horses, 18 of 88 (20.4%) humans and 1 of 100 (1%) sheep, tested positive for wnv-neutralizing antibodies. the results indicate that a wide range of mam ...200616316496
high prevalence of west nile virus: a continuing risk in acquiring infection from a mosquito bite.the prevalence of west nile virus (wnv) was evaluated by diplex real-time rt-pcr assay for the years 2001-2005 in culex species of mosquitoes, several species of dead birds, and clinically suspected mammals collected in kansas. the analysis was performed using a taqman-based diplex real-time rt-pcr assay targeted against two regions of the wnv genome, envelope glycoprotein gene and 3' untranslated region. the assay aided in the accurate detection of wnv in mosquitoes at high prevalence for the y ...200617187569
west nile virus: seroprevalence in animals in palestine and israel.west nile virus (wnv) epidemiological situation in israel and palestine, due to their unique location, draws attention following to the global spread of west nile fever (wnf). although much information is available from israel on clinical cases and prevalence of wnv, clinical cases are rarely reported in palestine, and prevalence is not known. the objectives of this study were to determine wnv seroprevalence in various domestic animals in palestine and to reevaluate current seroprevalence, force ...201728628400
use of sentinel serosurveillance of mules and donkeys in the monitoring of west nile virus infection.a cross-sectional study was carried out on clinically normal mules and donkeys in a region of southern spain to assess the seroprevalence of west nile virus (wnv) following detection of infection in contiguous horse and human populations. antibodies against wnv were detected by a blocking elisa and micro-virus neutralisation test in 12/165 (7.3%; ci(95%) 4.3-11.3) of the animals sampled. even though the individual seroprevalence was higher in mules (9.6%; 8/83) than in donkeys (4.9%; 4/82), the ...201222633828
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