prevalence, pathology, and risk factors associated with streptococcus phocae infection in southern sea otters (enhydra lutris nereis), 2004-10.recent studies have implicated beta-hemolytic streptococci as opportunistic pathogens of marine mammals, including southern sea otters (enhydra lutris nereis), but little is known about their prevalence or pathophysiology. herein, we focus on risk factors for sea otter infection by a single beta-hemolytic streptococcal species, streptococcus phocae. streptococcus phocae was first identified as a marine mammal pathogen in 1994, and the first report in southern sea otters was in 2009. its broad ho ...201626555115
characterization of beta-hemolytic streptococci isolated from southern sea otters (enhydra lutris nereis) stranded along the california coast.the goal of this study was to characterize the beta-hemolytic streptococci cultured from southern sea otters (enhydra lutris nereis) stranded off the coast of california (usa) and to verify identifications made using the lancefield system. lancefield serotyping and biochemical analysis alone was inadequate for isolate characterization. final identification was based on sequence analysis of a portion of the 16s ribosomal rna gene from 12 of the 35 total isolates. the majority of isolates (10 of 1 ...200919117701
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