in vitro responses of cheetah mononuclear cells to feline herpesvirus-1 and cryptococcus vitro t cell function by domestic cats and cheetahs to two common pathogens, feline herpesvirus-1 (fhv-1) and cryptococcus neoformans, was assessed. peripheral blood mononuclear cells (pbm) were stimulated with two strains of uv-inactivated fhv-1, whole heat-killed organisms or capsular antigen of cryptococcus neoformans, and proliferative responses measured. as a group, cheetah pbm responded significantly poorer than domestic cat pbm when cultured with fhv-1. however, individual cheetah resp ...19921317618
persistent cutaneous ulcers associated with feline herpesvirus type 1 infection in a cheetah.persistent cutaneous ulcers developed in a female cheetah cub after an episode of rhinotracheitis. when they were 3 weeks old, the cub and a male littermate developed mucopurulent oculonasal discharge consistent with feline herpesvirus type 1 infection (feline viral rhinotracheitis). the male cub was weaned and its lesions resolved. the female cub remained with the dam until the cub was 3 months old, at which time plaque-like lesions developed on the eye margins and muzzle. these plaques regress ...19911851739
comparison of a cheetah herpesvirus isolate to feline herpesvirus type 1.a cytopathogenic virus with size and structural characteristics of a herpesviridae was isolated from a cheetah with severe ulcerative dermatitis. restriction endonuclease analysis and cross-hybridization studies revealed that the isolate was related to feline herpesvirus type 1 (fhv-1). antigenic comparison studies using anti-fhv-1 serum demonstrated the presence of common antigens in the fhv-1 and the isolate from the cheetah.19882898931
herpesviruses of carnivores.this review focuses on felid herpesvirus 1 (fhv-1), the most studied of the carnivore herpesviruses. canid herpesvirus (chv-1) and phocid (seal) herpesvirus 1 (phhv-1) are also included where information is available. fhv-1 is a member of the varicellovirus genus of the alphaherpesvirinae, which appears to be closely related phylogenetically to both chv-1 and phhv-1. fhv-1 infects both domestic and some wild felidae, such as cheetahs, and is predominantly a respiratory pathogen of cats. as in ot ...199910515274
feline herpesvirus infection in a group of semi-captive cheetahs.clinical disease caused by feline herpesvirus type-1 in wild felid species is similar to that in domestic cats. herpesviruses are endemic in free-ranging lions in south africa but actual clinical disease due to them has not been reported in free-ranging felids. the first reports of feline herpesvirus infection associated with clinical disease in wild felids came from australia and the usa in 1970. subsequent reports of clinical disease in cheetahs and other wild felid species were limited to cap ...199910852685
serosurvey of viral infections in free-ranging namibian cheetahs (acinonyx jubatus).cheetahs (acinonyx jubatus) in captivity have unusually high morbidity and mortality from infectious diseases, a trait that could be an outcome of population homogeneity or the immunomodulating effects of chronic stress. free-ranging namibian cheetahs share ancestry with captive cheetahs, but their susceptibility to infectious diseases has not been investigated. the largest remaining population of free-ranging cheetahs resides on namibian farmlands, where they share habitat with domestic dogs an ...200415137485
immunohistochemical screening for viral agents in cheetahs (acinonyx jubatus) with myelopathy.numerous cases of acute-onset progressive ataxia, hindlimb paresis and paralysis of unknown aetiology occurred during 1993 to 2003 in cheetahs (acinonyx jubatus) within the european endangered species programme (eep). this study describes the immunohistochemical investigation of a possible viral aetiology of the "cheetah myelopathy". antibodies to feline herpesvirus type 1, canine distemper virus, canine parvovirus and borna disease virus were applied to formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded brai ...200617056652
seroprevalences to viral pathogens in free-ranging and captive cheetahs (acinonyx jubatus) on namibian farmland.cheetah populations are diminishing rapidly in their natural habitat. one reason for their decline is thought to be a high susceptibility to (infectious) diseases because cheetahs in zoos suffer from high disease-induced mortality. data on the health status of free-ranging cheetahs are scarce, and little is known about their exposure and susceptibility to infectious diseases. we determined seroprevalences to nine key viruses (feline herpesvirus 1, feline calicivirus, feline parvovirus, feline co ...201019955325
serosurvey for selected viral pathogens among sympatric species of the african large predator guild in northern botswana.the recent increase in the creation of transboundary protected areas and wildlife corridors between them lends importance to information on pathogen prevalence and transmission among wildlife species that will become connected. one such initiative is the kavango zambezi transfrontier conservation area of which botswana's okavango delta constitutes a major contribution for wildlife and ecosystems. between 2008 and 2011, we collected serum samples from 14 lions ( panthera leo ), four leopards ( pa ...201727763827
treatment of chronic herpesviral dermatitis in a captive cheetah (acinonyx jubatus) in namibia.a 9-yr-old male cheetah (acinonyx jubatus) housed at the cheetah conservation fund in namibia developed cutaneous lesions consisting of alopecia, erythema, ulceration, and crusting on the left fore and hind limbs. histopathology of skin biopsies in conjunction with indirect fluorescent antibody and polymerase chain reaction testing confirmed a diagnosis of feline herpesvirus-1 dermatitis; microbial culture indicated secondary bacterial infection. therapy included targeted systemic antimicrobial ...201526352979
development of a case definition for clinical feline herpesvirus infection in cheetahs (acinonyx jubatus) housed in zoos.the identification of feline herpesvirus (fhv) infected cheetahs (acinonyx jubatus) and characterization of shedding episodes is difficult due to nonspecific clinical signs and limitations of diagnostic tests. the goals of this study were to develop a case definition for clinical fhv and describe the distribution of signs. medical records from six different zoologic institutions were reviewed to identify cheetahs with diagnostic test results confirming fhv. published literature, expert opinion, ...201324063091
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