francisella tularensis from ixodid ticks in czechoslovakia.a total of 26,478 ixodid ticks (935 pools) were examined by intracerebral inoculation of suckling mice. six species of ticks were tested: ixodes ricinus (23,470 individuals), i. trianguliceps (12), haemaphysalis punctata (831), h. concinna (39), dermacentor reticulatus (69) and d. marginatus (2,057). the ticks were collected largely by flagging vegetation, a substantial minority (4%) from animals. three strains of francisella tularensis were isolated, one each from i. ricinus (males, district br ...19902227710
analysis of pathogen co-occurrence in host-seeking adult hard ticks from serbia.past studies in serbia have reported concurrent infections of ixodes ricinus ticks with borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato genospecies, anaplasma phagocytophilum and francisella tularensis. as a step forward, this investigation included a broader range of microorganisms and five most common and abundant tick species in serbia. five tick species were identified (dermacentor marginatus, d. reticulatus, haemaphysalis punctata, h. concinna and i. ricinus) and analyzed for the presence of seven pathogen ...201322773070
tick species, tick-borne pathogens and symbionts in an insular environment off the coast of western france.insular environments provide ideal natural conditions to study disease ecology, especially emerging diseases, due to clear differentiation between local and long-distance transmission. such environments are of particular interest regarding tick-borne pathogens (tbp), since animal exchange with the mainland (along with any ticks they carry) is limited, and because such locations could lie on migratory routes for birds carrying ticks. therefore both tick species and tbp may display different preva ...201627622976
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