characterization of two cryptic species, culicoides stigma and c.parroti (diptera: ceratopogonidae), based on barcode regions and morphology.biting midges of the genus culicoides (diptera: ceratopogonidae) are insect vectors of economically important veterinary diseases such as african horse sickness, bluetongue, and schmallenberg virus. the identification of culicoides based on morphological features can be difficult. three species of biting midges, culicoides nubeculosus, c. stigma, and c. parroti have emerged in the laboratory from mud collected around watering troughs on a farm in northern france. emerging culicoides were charact ...201324581354
schmallenberg virus in culicoides latreille (diptera: ceratopogonidae) populations in france during 2011-2012 outbreak.following the emergence of the schmallenberg virus (sbv) in 2011 in germany and its rapid spread in europe, culicoides (diptera: ceratopogonidae) collected through the french surveillance network were analysed in order to record the presence of virus genome into species diversity collected, to assess the minimum infectious rates (mir) and the virus circulation dynamics in culicoides populations. two vector activity periods were selected (2011, august to october, 53 sites and 2012, june to octobe ...201728815930
schmallenberg virus detection in culicoides biting midges in spain: first laboratory evidence for highly efficient infection of culicoides of the obsoletus complex and culicoides imicola.since schmallenberg disease was discovered in 2011, the disease rapidly spread across europe. culicoides biting midges have been implicated as putative schmallenberg vectors in europe. the detection of schmallenberg virus (sbv) in field collected culicoides was evaluated through retrospective (2011-2012) collections and captures performed in 2013. this study represents the first detection of sbv in field collected culicoides in spain. infectious midges were detected at the foothills of pyrenees, ...201728474491
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