testing of uk populations of culex pipiens l. for schmallenberg virus vector competence and their colonization.schmallenberg virus (sbv), an arboviral pathogen of ruminants, emerged in northern europe during 2011 and has subsequently spread across a vast geographic area. while culicoides biting midges (diptera: ceratopogonidae) have been identified as a biological transmission agent of sbv, the role of mosquitoes (diptera: culicidae) as potential vectors has not been defined beyond small-scale field collections in affected areas. culex pipiens l. are one of the most widespread mosquitoes in northern euro ...201526291533
the emergence of schmallenberg virus across culicoides communities and ecosystems in europe.schmallenberg virus (sbv), a novel arboviral pathogen, has emerged and spread across europe since 2011 inflicting congenital deformities in the offspring of infected adult ruminants. several species of culicoides biting midges (diptera: ceratopogonidae) have been implicated in the transmission of sbv through studies conducted in northern europe. in this study culicoides from sbv outbreak areas of mainland france and italy (sardinia) were screened for viral rna. the role of both c. obsoletus and ...201424698329
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