study of sand fly fauna in an endemic area of american cutaneous leishmaniasis and canine visceral leishmaniasis in the municipality of espírito santo do pinhal, são paulo, brazil.canine american visceral leishmaniasis and american cutaneous leishmaniasis (acl) cases have been recorded in espírito santo do pinhal. the aim of this study was to gather knowledge of the sand fly community and its population ecology within the municipality. captures were made weekly over a period of 15 months in the urban, periurban and rural areas of the municipality, using automatic light traps. a total of 5,562 sand flies were collected, comprising 17 species. the most abundant species were ...201020428683
sandflies (diptera, psychodidae) from forest areas in botucatu municipality, central western são paulo state, brazil.the study of the distribution and ecology of sandfly species is essential for epidemiological surveillance and estimation of the transmission risk of leishmania spp. infection.201323849624
sandflies in an urban area of transmission of visceral leishmaniasis in midwest brazil.the phlebotomine fauna of campo grande city, capital of mato grosso do sul state in brazil, an endemic area for visceral leishmaniasis, has been thoroughly investigated, but all the insect collections were undertaken with automatic light traps. the present study sought to investigate the fauna in this city using shannon and disney traps, having human beings and hamsters, respectively, as bait. both types of traps were installed in forest fragment and peridomiciliary areas in the period from 2007 ...201627593433
sand flies (diptera, psychodidae, phlebotominae), vectors of leishmania protozoa, at an atlantic forest conservation unit in the municipality of nísia floresta, rio grande do norte state, brazil.sand flies are insect vectors of protozoa from the genus leishmania, causative parasites of visceral and american tegumentary leishmaniases. the present study discusses the bioecological aspects of sand fly species, transmitters of leishmania protozoa, in different ecotopes of an atlantic forest conservation unit located in the metropolitan region of natal, rio grande do norte state, brazil.201626864023
an integrated approach using spatial analysis to study the risk factors for leishmaniasis in area of recent transmission.some epidemiological aspects of leishmaniasis in the municipality of formiga, brazil, an important touristic site, were evaluated. those included phlebotomine sand fly vectors, canine infection, and geoprocessing analysis for determining critical transmission areas. sand flies (224 insects) belonging to ten different species were captured. the most captured species included lutzomyia longipalpis (35.3%), lutzomyia cortelezzii (33.5%), and lutzomyia whitmani (18.3%). a significant correlation bet ...201526229961
nycthemeral rhythm of phlebotominae (diptera: psychodidae) in a craggy region, transitioning between the wetland and the plateau, brazil.recording the nycthemeral rhythm of sand flies allows the evaluation of the daily activity in different ecotypes, the period of greatest activity, and their degree of anthropophily. we investigated the fauna and the rhythm of sand fly activity in an ecotourism region in mato grosso do sul (ms) state, brazil. sand flies were captured monthly, using a shannon trap for 24 h periods between july 2012 and june 2014. we collected 1,815 sand flies, in which lutzomyia whitmani (=nyssomyia whitmani, sens ...201728082638
first description of migonemyia migonei (frança) and nyssomyia whitmani (antunes & coutinho) (psychodidae: phlebotominae) natural infected by leishmania infantum in argentina.leishmania infantum is the etiological agent of the visceral leishmaniasis (vl) disease in america, with lutzomyia longipalpis phlebotomine sandflies as its proven vectors in argentina, and infected dogs as its main urban reservoir. in puerto iguazú city (misiones province, argentina), human and canine cases of vl were recorded. additionally, in the rural area known as "2000 hectáreas", less than 10km away from the city, several human cases of tegumentary leishmaniasis (tl) were registered deter ...201526409011
analysis of sandflies (diptera: psychodidae) in barra do garças, state of mato grosso, brazil, and the influence of environmental variables on the vector density of lutzomyia longipalpis (lutz & neiva, 1912).leishmaniasis is an infectious and parasitic zoonotic, non-contagious, vector-borne disease caused by protozoa of the genus leishmania. in brazil, the major vector of leishmania (leishmania) infantum chagasi (cunha & chagas, 1934) is lutzomyia longipalpis. barra do garças, state of mato grosso, was designated as a priority area by the brazilian ministry of health for american visceral leishmaniasis, and it is important to identify the vector species present in this municipality. our objective wa ...201222760128
sandflies (diptera: psychodidae) in an urban area of northeastern brazil.the sandfly fauna is well studied globally. in brazil, sandfly fauna is very diverse in the northeast region, especially in states such as maranhão, ceará, and bahia. however, in the state of pernambuco, the distribution of these insects is still not well known. therefore, the objective of this study was to identify the different species that constitute the sandfly fauna in an urban area in the northeast region of brazil, where an outbreak of visceral leishmaniasis (vl) was recently reported.201728001216
study of sand flies (diptera: psychodidae) in visceral and cutaneous leishmaniasis areas in the central-western state of minas gerais, brazil.the transmission of leishmania involves several species of sand flies that are closely associated with various parasites and reservoirs, with differing transmission cycles in brazil. a study on the phlebotomine species composition has been conducted in the municipality of divinópolis, minas gerais, brazil, an endemic area for cutaneous leishmaniasis (cl), which has intense occurrence of visceral leishmaniasis (vl) cases. in order to study the sand flies populations and their seasonality, cdc lig ...201323178219
leishmania infantum dna detected in phlebotomine species from puerto iguazú city, misiones province, puerto iguazú city, argentina, human and canine visceral leishmaniasis cases have been recorded since the year 2010, with leishmania infantum as the etiological agent and lutzomyia longipalpis as its main vector. in the present study, polymerase chain reaction and sequencing were used to detect l. infantum dna in 3.9% of the female sandflies captured in puerto iguazú city. this is the first report of l. infantum dna detection in micropygomyia quinquefer, and the second one in lu. longipalpis ...201728476601
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