comparison of serum and lung extracts for surveys of wild animals for antibodies to francisella tularensis biovar palaearctica.a comparative study of the antibody titer against francisella tularensis biovar palaearctica in serum and lung extract was made using different immunoassays. samples were taken from experimentally-infected goshawks (accipiter gentilis) and european beavers (castor fiber), and in a field survey of wild beavers. good accordance between the antibody titer in serum and in lung extract was found in the experimental studies. however, the antibody titer was generally one- to three-fold lower in lung ex ...19883280838
high and novel genetic diversity of francisella tularensis in germany and indication of environmental germany tularemia is a re-emerging zoonotic disease. therefore, we investigated wild animals and environmental water samples for the presence and phylogenetic diversity of francisella tularensis in the poorly studied berlin/brandenburg region. the phylogenomic analysis of three isolates from wild animals revealed three new subclades within the phylogenetic tree of f. tularensis [b.71 from a raccoon dog (nyctereutes procyonoides); b.74 from a red fox (vulpes vulpes), and b.75 from a eurasian b ...201627356883
comparison of bacterial culture and polymerase chain reaction (pcr) for the detection of f. tularensis subsp. holarctica in wild animals.detection of the zoonotic pathogen francisella tularensis subsp. holarctica (ef tularensis) in wild animals with culture techniques as well as polymerase chain reaction were compared and discussed on the basis of the investigation of 60 animals. the samples originated from 55 european brown hares (lepus europaeus), two red foxes (vulpes vulpes) and one each from a wild rabbit (oryctolagus cuniculus), a european beaver (castor fiber), and a lemur (lemur catta). when comparing the growth of 28 f. ...201323901583
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