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reduced transmission and prevalence of simian t-cell lymphotropic virus in a closed breeding colony of chimpanzees (pan troglodytes verus).a retrospective study spanning 20 years was undertaken to investigate the prevalence and modes of transmission of a simian t-cell lymphotropic virus (stlv) in a closed breeding colony of chimpanzees. of the 197 animals tested, 22 had antibodies that were cross-reactive with human t-cell lymphotropic virus type-1 (htlv-i) antigens. the specificity of the antibody response was confirmed by western blot analysis and the presence of a persistent virus infection was established by pcr analysis of dna ...200312604813
characterization of a new simian t-lymphocyte virus type 1 (stlv-1) in a wild living chimpanzee (pan troglodytes verus) from ivory coast: evidence of a new stlv-1 group?a new strain of simian t-lymphotropic virus type 1 in blood samples from a chimpanzee that lived in the tropical rainforest of ivory coast is described. the sequence obtained from the long terminal repeat region of the genome is significantly divergent from all known human and nonhuman primate t-lymphotropic virus type 1 strains (963% homology to the closest related strains from central african subtype b) and clusters with none of the established clades. the tax sequences reveal two sequence dif ...200312698951
high variety of different simian t-cell leukemia virus type 1 strains in chimpanzees (pan troglodytes verus) of the taï national park, côte d'ivoire.we found human t-cell leukemia virus type 1- and simian t-cell leukemia virus type 1 (stlv-1)-related infections in 5 of 10 chimpanzees originating from three groups of wild chimpanzees. the new virus isolates showed a surprising heterogeneity not only in comparison to stlv-1 described previously in other primate species but also between the different chimpanzee groups, within a group, or even between strains isolated from an individual animal. the interdisciplinary combination of virology, mole ...200415047848
diversity of stlv-1 strains in wild chimpanzees (pan troglodytes verus) from côte d'ivoire.simian t-lymphotropic viruses type 1 (stlv-1) are regarded as a highly conserved group of viruses with genotypes clustering according to geographic regions rather than to infected species. in free living west african chimpanzees we have described a variety of stlv-1 strains and suggested that this diversity results from interspecies transmissions. here we present new data on stlv-1 infections in these chimpanzees with the presence of two new distinct clades, proposing the establishing of two new ...201020214935
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