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molecular detection of leishmania infection in sand flies in border line of iran-turkmenistan: restricted and permissive vectors.a molecular study was carried out to incriminate sand fly vectors of cutaneous leishmaniasis (cl) in rural areas of sarakhs district, khorassane-razavi province, northeastern iran, in 2011. sand flies of sergentomyia with three species and phlebotomus with six species respectively comprised 73.3% and 26.7% of the specimens. phlebotomus papatasi was the most common phlebotomine species in outdoor and indoor resting places. leishmania infection was found at least in 17 (22%) specimens including ph ...201323933280
[the identification of leishmania isolates obtained from patients and dogs with visceral leishmaniasis in the turkmen ssr].using electrophoresis in polyacrylamide gel, 11 isolates have been detected by 8 enzymes (pgi, pgm, 6-pgd, mdg, g-6-pgd, me, alat, asat) from patients with visceral leishmaniasis and dogs in the turkmen ssr. the isolates were obtained from different areas of the republic varying in landscape and climatic conditions. the isolates were maintained by passages on golden hamsters. no long-lasting leishmania culture has been obtained on the nutrition medium for any of the isolates. parasite biomass wa ...19902149740
[evidence for the transmission of the causative agent of visceral leishmaniasis by the sandfly phlebotomus (adlerius) turanicus artemiev, 1974 in turkmenistan].four sandfly [correction of mosquito] species were identified in all foci of visceral leishmaniasis (vl) in turkmenistan. there is evidence that three of them (phlebotomus papatasi, p. caucasicus, p. andrejevi) cannot be carriers of vl agent in turkmenistan. the carrier of leishmania infantum in turkmenistan is likely to be the zooanthropophilic sandfly [correction of mosquito] p. turanicus that prevails in the settlements and their vicinities in the desert foothill plains and in the burrows of ...19957476676
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