detection of rabies antibody by elisa and rffit in unvaccinated dogs and in the endangered simien jackal (canis simensis) of ethiopia.varying levels of rabies antibody have been detected both by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (elisa) and rapid fluorescent focus inhibition test (rffit) in the sera collected from wild and domestic canids in the bale mountains national park (bmnp) of southern ethiopia. rabies antibody was detected in 80% (8 out of 10) of domestic dog samples, 13.3% (2 out of 15) of simien jackal samples and in one common jackal. rabies virus was isolated from one dog in an area where contact with the simien ja ...19921642078
rabies and mortality in ethiopian wolves (canis simensis).between october 1991 and february 1992, 41 of 53 known adult and subadult ethiopian wolves (canis simensis) in five adjacent packs in the bale mountains national park, ethiopia, died or disappeared. brain smears from two carcasses were positive for rabies by the immunofluorescence test, and rabies virus was isolated from the brains by mouse inoculation. based on monoclonal antibody tests on the mouse brains, we identified the virus as a minor variant of the serotype 1 rabies viruses found in dom ...19968627941
rabies virus in the decomposed brain of an ethiopian wolf detected by nested reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction.approximately 75 individuals from a population of 111 ethiopian wolves (canis simensis) died or disappeared from the bale mountains national park (ethiopia) between 1988 and 1992 during two significant population declines. confirmation of rabies virus in two carcasses was based on the fluorescent antibody test (fat) and the mouse inoculation test (mit). in an ethiopian wolf brain previously designated rabies negative by both fat and mit, rabies virus was identified by nested reverse transcriptio ...19979391984
a new outbreak of rabies in rare ethiopian wolves (canis simensis).between october 2008 and may 2009, five brain samples from the carcasses of the rare ethiopian wolf (canis simenensis) were submitted for rabies virus testing. rabies virus was detected in all five samples, and this confirmed that a further outbreak of rabies had occurred within the wolf population in the bale mountains of ethiopia. sequence comparison of a partial fragment of the nucleoprotein-coding gene demonstrated that all viruses showed 100% sequence identity, suggesting a single introduct ...201020490607
canine distemper in endangered ethiopian wolves.the ethiopian wolf (canis simensis) is the world's rarest canid; ≈500 wolves remain. the largest population is found within the bale mountains national park (bmnp) in southeastern ethiopia, where conservation efforts have demonstrated the negative effect of rabies virus on wolf populations. we describe previously unreported infections with canine distemper virus (cdv) among these wolves during 2005-2006 and 2010. death rates ranged from 43% to 68% in affected subpopulations and were higher for s ...201525898177
complete genomic sequence of rabies virus from an ethiopian wolf.ethiopian wolves are the rarest canid in the world, with only 500 found in the ethiopian highlands. rabies poses the most immediate threat to their survival, causing epizootic cycles of mass mortality. the complete genome sequence of a rabies virus (rabv) derived from an ethiopian wolf during the most recent epizootic is reported here.201525814597
host and viral traits predict zoonotic spillover from mammals.the majority of human emerging infectious diseases are zoonotic, with viruses that originate in wild mammals of particular concern (for example, hiv, ebola and sars). understanding patterns of viral diversity in wildlife and determinants of successful cross-species transmission, or spillover, are therefore key goals for pandemic surveillance programs. however, few analytical tools exist to identify which host species are likely to harbour the next human virus, or which viruses can cross species ...201728636590
global mammal parasite database version 2.0.illuminating the ecological and evolutionary dynamics of parasites is one of the most pressing issues facing modern science, and is critical for basic science, the global economy, and human health. extremely important to this effort are data on the disease-causing organisms of wild animal hosts (including viruses, bacteria, protozoa, helminths, arthropods, and fungi). here we present an updated version of the global mammal parasite database, a database of the parasites of wild ungulates (artioda ...201728273333
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